ORDER                                      
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                            8130.27            
                                                                               
                                                            1/11/96            
                                                                               
      Initiated                                                                
           By:  AIR-200                                                        
                                                                               
      SUBJECT:  CERTIFICATION AND OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT UNDER THE              
                EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSE(S) OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT,           
                EXHIBITION, AND/OR AIR RACING; AND ISSUANCE OF SPECIAL         
                FLIGHT AUTHORIZATION FOR NON-U.S. AIRCRAFT                     
                                                                               
      1.  PURPOSE.  This order provides information and guidance to            
      aviation safety inspectors (ASI) in the issuance of special              
      airworthiness certificates and operating limitations for former          
      military aircraft certificated for the purpose(s) of research and        
      development, exhibition, and/or air racing; approval of aircraft         
      inspection programs for large and turbine powered experimental           
      aircraft; and issuance of letters of authorization (LOA) for             
      persons to operate large and turbine-powered experimental                
      aircraft.                                                                
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Final resolution of any safety related issue is         
                the responsibility of the certificating office.  If            
                there is any question of a conflict between this               
                document and any current Federal Aviation                      
                Administration (FAA) directive, the policy in this             
                order will take precedence over that directive.                
      2.  DISTRIBUTION.  This order is distributed to the Washington           
      headquarters division level of the Flight Standards Service; to          
      the branch levels of the Aircraft Certification Service and the          
      Aviation System Standards Office; to all Airport Divisions; to           
      the branch level in the regional Flight Standards Divisions; to          
      all Flight Standards District Offices; to all Manufacturing              
      Inspection District and Satellite Offices; to the Regulatory             
      Standards and Compliance Branch of the FAA Academy; and to the           
      Brussels Aircraft Certification Division and Flight Standards            
      Staff.                                                                   
                                                                               
      3.  BACKGROUND.  On July 9, 1993, the FAA issued a memorandum            
      that established a moratorium on experimental airworthiness              
      certification of non-U.S. manufactured aircraft for the                  
      experimental purpose(s) of exhibition and air racing; as well as         
      special flight authorizations (SFA's) under 14 CFR part 91,              
      Section 91.715 for non-U.S. manufactured aircraft that do not            
      hold U.S. type certificates (TC) issued under the provisions of          
      14 CFR part 21 Section 21.29.                                            
                                                                               
           a.  The moratorium was effected because of a dramatic               
      increase in applications for special airworthiness certificates          
      and SFA's for non-U.S. manufactured aircraft that did not hold           
      type certificates issued under Section 21.29.  The moratorium was        
      lifted on August 18, 1993, with interim guidance provided to             
      certificate these aircraft.  This order provides long term               
      guidance for airworthiness certification, continued                      
      airworthiness, and operational requirements for all aircraft that        
      received original airworthiness certification on or after July 9,        
      1993.  Although, the moratorium was established for non-U.S.             
      manufactured aircraft, this policy will be used when issuing a           
      special airworthiness certificate for the experimental purpose(s)        
      of exhibition or air racing, regardless of the country of                
      manufacture.                                                             
                                                                               
           b.  Aircraft that received original airworthiness                   
      certification prior to July 9, 1993, ARE NOT effected by this            
      order.  Those aircraft will not be effected until such time as           
      the FAA works with the public to determine the best strategy to          
      certificate all experimental exhibition and/or air racing                
      aircraft in accordance with the new policy.  If any aircraft that        
      originally received a special airworthiness certificate prior to         
      July 9, 1993, should need a new airworthiness certificate due to         
      a change in operating limitations or the expiration of an                
      airworthiness certificate, policy in effect prior to the July 9,         
      1993, moratorium will be used to issue the airworthiness                 
      certificate.  The policy established in this order will not be           
      used in these cases unless specifically requested by the                 
      applicant.                                                               
                                                                               
      4.  EXHIBITION ACTIVITIES.  There has been some confusion in the         
      past as to what constitutes exhibition.  In an effort to minimize        
      this confusion, the FAA has determined that exhibition could be a        
      wide range of activities.  These include:  organized airshows,           
      organized air races, organized fly-in activities, organized              
      exhibitions, youth education events, shopping mall/school/similar        
      static displays, organized acrobatic competition, sail plane             
      fly-ins or competitive races or meets, and movie or television           
      productions.                                                             
                                                                               
      5.  FORMER MILITARY AIRCRAFT.  Many of the aircraft that are             
      presented for airworthiness certification under the purpose(s) of        
      exhibition or air racing are former military aircraft, both U.S.         
      and non-U.S.  The FAA acknowledges the significant role military         
      aircraft have played in our aviation heritage and the importance         
      of preserving their legacy for future generations.  The                  
      exhibition of former military aircraft at aviation events for            
      demonstration and display provides the public a rare view into           
      our aviation past.  Therefore, it is the policy of the FAA to            
      permit the operation of surplus military aircraft for civilian           
      use, consistent with the need to safeguard the general public.           
                                                                               
                NOTE:  It should not be interpreted that all military          
                aircraft require experimental airworthiness                    
                certificates.  Some have valid type certificates and           
                could be eligible for a standard airworthiness                 
                certificate.                                                   
                                                                               
           a.  Surplus military aircraft have historically operated in         
      the United States for research and development, air racing, and          
      exhibition purposes in the experimental category.  It is the             
      policy of the FAA that eligible aircraft will be certificated in         
      experimental when operated for the special purposes listed in            
      paragraph 1 of this order.                                               
                                                                               
           b.  To ensure the safe operation and minimize adverse               
      environmental impacts resulting from the operation of these              
      aircraft, the FAA has established appropriate and reasonable             
      operating limitations.  Operating limitations developed jointly          
      by the Aircraft Certification Service and Flight Standards               
      Service are contained in appendix 1 of this order.                       
                                                                               
           c.  The ability of civilian operators to maintain and               
      operate these aircraft depends upon their background and                 
      experience, training and facilities, availability of technical           
      manuals and design information, and the complexity of the                
      aircraft involved.  To this end, and to the maximum extent               
      feasible, it is the policy of the FAA to recognize the most              
      complete sources of maintenance and training and to encourage            
      owners, operators, and flight crew members to utilize these              
      sources and successfully complete required training from                 
      recognized training organizations.  Aircraft inspection                  
      guidelines and qualification standards for flight crew members           
      have been developed by the Flight Standards Service and are              
      contained in appendices 2 and 3 of this order.                           
                                                                               
           d.  Applicants for certification of former military turbine         
      powered aircraft (TPA) must be advised that these aircraft were          
      designed and manufactured without the acoustical treatment               
      provided for current commercial and business Turbine Powered             
      Aircraft.  They must also be advised of industry developed               
      procedures and guidelines designed to minimize the impact such           
      aircraft impose at airports and the surrounding communities.             
      Aircraft operators must accept the responsibility for operating          
      their aircraft in such a manner as to reduce the noise impact to         
      the lowest practicable level.  The Experimental Aircraft                 
      Association (EAA) has developed operating procedures and a               
      recommended program for reducing the noise impact of TPA.  The           
      EAA's recommended procedures are contained in its Jet Operations         
      Manual.  The FAA certificating inspector must advise persons             
      considering operating such aircraft to become familiar with and          
      use the procedures outlined in the EAA's Jet Operations Manual or        
      procedures acceptable to the Administrator.                              
                                                                               
           e.  In recent years, the number and types of TPA have               
      greatly expanded, mostly as a result of importation of aircraft          
      of non-U.S. manufacture.  Examples of these aircraft include             
      models such as the Northrop F-5, which is of U.S. manufacture,           
      and the Mikoyan MiG-15 of non-U.S. manufacture.  It is of                
      critical importance to the FAA, the civilian owners and operators        
      of such aircraft, and the general public that these aircraft are         
      operated safely in the United States National Airspace System.           
                                                                               
      6.  GLIDER AIRCRAFT.  Glider aircraft represent approximately 25         
      percent of the experimental exhibition fleet.  This is due, at           
      least in part, to a misinterpretation of FAA Order 8130.15,              
      Airworthiness Certification of "Prematurely" Exported Gliders.           
      Order 8130.15 provides the procedure for issuance of a standard          
      airworthiness certificate for non-U.S. manufactured gliders which        
      have been exported to the United States prior to the issuance of         
      a Section 21.29 type certificate (TC).  Since this activity has          
      been highlighted recently, the FAA has been working closely with         
      the Soaring Society of America to ensure that non-U.S.                   
      manufacturers pursue Section 21.29 TCs for these aircraft.  If           
      these gliders do not receive U.S. TC's, the FAA may establish            
      permanent policy that will limit future operation of gliders             
      beyond that described in paragraph 8a of this order.  The FAA            
      will continue to consider non-U.S. produced gliders for                  
      experimental airworthiness certification while the revised               
      procedures for issuing a TC under Section 21.29 are being                
      developed.                                                               
                                                                               
      7.  BROKERING.  Section 21.191(d) was not intended to allow for          
      the brokering or marketing of experimental aircraft.  This               
      includes individuals who manufacture, import, or assemble                
      aircraft, and then apply for and receive experimental exhibition         
      airworthiness certificates, so they can sell the aircraft to             
      buyers.  Section 21.191(d), only provides for the exhibition of          
      an aircraft's flight capabilities, performance, or unusual               
      characteristics at airshows, motion picture, television, and             
      similar productions.  Certificating offices should ensure that           
      all applications for exhibition airworthiness certificates are           
      for the purposes specified under Section 21.191(d), and are from         
      the registered owners who will exhibit the aircraft for those            
      purposes.  Applicants must also provide the applicable                   
      information specified in Section 21.193.                                 
                                                                               
      8.  GROUPS OF AIRCRAFT.  Aircraft that have been presented for           
      experimental airworthiness certification for exhibition or air           
      racing, range from unpowered gliders to high performance jet             
      aircraft.  In order to properly certificate this wide range of           
      aircraft, and in response to the many public comments received,          
      the FAA has divided these aircraft into four "groups."  This was         
      done in order to establish standardized operating limitations,           
      proficiency areas, and inspection requirements appropriate to            
      each aircraft.  Minimum operating limitations for each group are         
      provided in appendix 1 of this order.  The certificating                 
      inspector will make a determination of which group the aircraft          
      will operate in based on the following:                                  
                                                                               
           a.  GROUP I, Performance Competition Aircraft.                      
                                                                               
                (1)  Description of Aircraft.  Specialty aircraft,             
      limited availability.  Possess design characteristics that make          
      the aircraft suitable for competition in that the operational            
      parameters are designed for only one purpose such as                     
      maneuverability, flight duration, or speed; and as such would            
      only be used in performance based competition events and would           
      not be utilized for personal business or transport activity.             
                                                                               
                (2)  Type of Aircraft.  Acrobatic aircraft or                  
      Powered/Unpowered Gliders.  Examples of aircraft that would              
      operate under this group include the Rolladen-Schneider LS-4b,           
      Schleicher ASW-24, Pitts Special, Sukhoi SU-26, Sukhoi SU-29,            
      etc.                                                                     
                                                                               
                (3)  Proficiency Area.  A radius of 300 nautical miles         
      from their designated home base airport (See note at the end of          
      this section).                                                           
                                                                               
                (4)  Inspection Requirements.  Must be inspected each          
      year in accordance with an inspection plan that contains the             
      scope and detail of 14 CFR part 43 (part 43), Appendix D.                
                                                                               
           b.  GROUP II, Turbine Powered Aircraft.                             
                                                                               
                (1)  Description of Aircraft.  Includes any TPA, i.e.,         
      jet, turbofan, and turbo-prop; except those TPA that have a              
      design capability of carrying cargo or more than 4 occupants.            
      Those TPA that have a design capability of carrying cargo or more        
      than 4 occupants will be certificated using the guidelines under         
      Group IV.                                                                
                                                                               
                (2)  Type of Aircraft.  Turbine powered aircraft.              
      Examples of aircraft that would operate under this group include         
      the Mikoyan MiG-17, Aero Vodochody L-29, Hispano Aviacion HA-200         
      Saeta, Fouga CM 170 Magister, Lockheed or Canadair T-33, etc.            
                                                                               
                (3)  Proficiency Area.  Limited to a radius of 600             
      nautical miles from the designated home airport.  Proficiency            
      flights will be limited to a non-stop flight that begins and ends        
      at the specified home airport, with sufficient fuel reserve to           
      meet the applicable operating rules of part 91.  Operators who           
      choose to fly to another airport within the assigned proficiency         
      area must notify their geographically responsible FSDO prior to          
      each proficiency flight away from their home airport (See note at        
      the end of this section).                                                
                                                                               
                (4)  Inspection Requirements.  Must have a Flight              
      Standards District Office-approved inspection program that meets         
      the requirements of Section 91.409(e).  (See appendix 2 of this          
      order for inspection program information.)                               
                                                                               
           c.  GROUP III, Piston Powered:  Warbirds, Vintage, Replica,         
      Unique Aircraft.                                                         
                                                                               
                (1)  Description of Aircraft.  Includes former military        
      aircraft that were designed for military operations.  Vintage            
      aircraft are those aircraft that were designed prior to 1945.            
      Replica aircraft are those aircraft that have the same external          
      configuration as an aircraft that was designed prior to 1945.            
      Unique aircraft means those aircraft that are one-of-a-kind.             
                                                                               
                (2)  Type of Aircraft.  This group includes U.S. piston        
      powered warbirds (regardless of size) and non-U.S. piston powered        
      aircraft under 12,500 lbs. that meet the above description and do        
      not have a design capability of carrying cargo or more than 4            
      occupants.  Examples of aircraft that would operate under this           
      group include the North American T-28, Lockheed P-38, North              
      American P-51, Messerschmitt ME-109, Boeing B-17, North American         
      B-25, DeHavilland DHC-1 Chipmunk or Tiger Moth DH 82A,                   
      Focke-Wulfe Piaggo (FWP)-149, Nord Stampe SV4C, Bucker Jungman           
      BU-131, etc.                                                             
                                                                               
                (3)  Proficiency Area.  Aircraft under 800 hp will have        
      a radius of 300 nautical miles from their designated home base           
      airport.  Aircraft 800 hp and above will have a radius of 600            
      nautical miles from their designated home base airport (See note         
      at end of this section).                                                 
                                                                               
                (4)  Inspection Requirements.  Aircraft under 800 hp           
      must be inspected each year in accordance with an inspection plan        
      that contains the scope and detail of part 43, Appendix 3.               
      Aircraft 800 hp and above must be inspected in accordance with           
      appropriate military technical publications or manufacturers'            
      instructions for the aircraft.                                           
                                                                               
           d.  GROUP IV, Other Aircraft.                                       
                                                                               
                (1)  Description of Aircraft.  All aircraft that do not        
      clearly fit in any of the other groups.  This group will include         
      aircraft that should be in the standard category that have been          
      modified but the modification has not been processed under the           
      supplemental type certificate (STC) process; and aircraft over           
      12,500 lbs. or those that have a design capability of carrying           
      cargo or more than 4 occupants.  This group also includes any            
      newly produced aircraft that does not have a TC under Section            
      21.21 or 21.29, with the exception of those aircraft that meet           
      the description of aircraft for Group I.  Additionally, this             
      group includes aircraft that could normally be eligible for              
      amateur-built airworthiness certification, but the owner has             
      chose to not perform the major portion of the fabrication and            
      assembly as required under Section 21.191(g), Operating                  
      Amateur-Built Aircraft.                                                  
                                                                               
                (2)  Type of Aircraft.  Includes aircraft that have a          
      design capability of carrying cargo or more than 4 occupants, and        
      any other aircraft that does not clearly belong in any of the            
      other groups.  Examples of aircraft that would operate under this        
      group include the Lockheed C-130, Antonov AN-2, Antonov AN-24,           
      Iluyshin IL-76, Cessna 172 with an automobile engine not approved        
      under an STC, etc.                                                       
                                                                               
                (3)  Proficiency Area.  Limited to a non-stop flight           
      that begins and ends at the specified home airport, with                 
      sufficient fuel reserve to meet the applicable operating rules of        
      part 91.  An alternate airport selection IS NOT available for            
      aircraft in this group (See note at end of this section).                
                                                                               
                (4)  Inspection Requirements.  Aircraft that weigh             
      12,500 lbs. or less must be inspected each year in accordance            
      with an inspection plan that contains the scope and detail of            
      part 43, Appendix D.  Aircraft over 12,500 lbs. must have a              
      FSDO-approved inspection program that meets the requirements of          
      Section 91.409(e).                                                       
                                                                               
                NOTE:  This NOTE is applicable to Group I, II, III, and        
                IV aircraft.  During proficiency flights, aircraft will        
                be restricted to airports that are within airspace             
                classes C, D, E, or G; except in the case of a declared        
                emergency or when otherwise directed by Air Traffic            
                Control.                                                       
                                                                               
                When defining the proficiency area, the certificating          
                inspector will coordinate with the local FSDO                  
                operations unit to highlight an aeronautical chart or          
                map with the identification of the proficiency area.           
                The highlighted aeronautical chart or map will become a        
                part of the aircraft operating limitations and must be         
                carried aboard the aircraft at all times.                      
                                                                               
      9.  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.  This order is primarily provided          
      for information and guidance when issuing special airworthiness          
      certificates for the experimental purpose(s) of exhibition and           
      air racing.  Since some of the same types of aircraft, especially        
      TPA are used in research and development (R&D), the purpose of           
      R&D is addressed in this order.  Former military aircraft are            
      often used in R&D projects, and it is appropriate to use the             
      guidance in this order when performing R&D certification of              
      former military aircraft.                                                
                                                                               
      10.  FURTHER INFORMATION.  Appendix 1 contains information and           
      guidance to ASIs who are responsible for airworthiness                   
      certification and establishing operating imitations for these            
      aircraft.  Appendix 2 contains information and guidance for FSDO         
      Airworthiness ASIs who are responsible for approving an                  
      applicant's inspection program when required by operating                
      limitations.  Appendix 3 contains information and guidance for           
      FSDO Operations ASIs who are responsible for issuing a LOA to            
      qualified pilots who desire to operate aircraft where an LOA or          
      type rating is required.  Policy for the issuance of special             
      flight authorizations for non-U.S. civil aircraft is provided in         
      Order 8130.2C, Airworthiness Certification of Aircraft and               
      Related Products, Chapter 7.                                             
                                                                               
      11.  FUTURE INCORPORATION.  The information contained in this            
      order will be incorporated in appropriate FAA directives as              
      follows:                                                                 
                                                                               
           a.  Applicable material from appendix 1 will be incorporated        
      into FAA Order 8130.2, Airworthiness Certification of Aircraft           
      and Related Approvals.  Questions and comments regarding                 
      information in appendix 1 or airworthiness certification issues          
      should be addressed to the office of primary responsibility              
      (OPR), the Production and Airworthiness Certification Division,          
      AIR-200.                                                                 
                                                                               
           b.  Applicable material from appendix 2 will be incorporated        
      into FAA Order 8300.10, Airworthiness Inspector's Handbook.              
      Questions and comments regarding information in appendix 2 or any        
      continued airworthiness issues should be addressed to the OPR,           
      the Aircraft Maintenance Division, AFS-300.                              
                                                                               
           c.  Applicable material from appendix 3 will be incorporated        
      into FAA Order 8700.1, General Aviation Operations Inspector's           
      Handbook.  Questions and comments regarding information in               
      appendix 3 or any aircraft operational issues should be addressed        
      to the OPR, the General Aviation and Commercial Division,                
      AFS-800.                                                                 
                                                                               
      12.  APPROVAL.  This order has been coordinated and approved by          
      the directors of Aircraft Certification Service and Flight               
      Standards Service.                                                       
                                                                               
      /s/ Frank P. Paskiewicz                                                  
          Acting Manager, Production and Airworthiness                         
          Certification Division                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
            APPENDIX 1.  EXPERIMENTAL CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS               
                         AND OPERATING LIMITATIONS                             
                                                                               
      1.  GENERAL.  This appendix contains information and guidance            
      concerning airworthiness certification and establishing operating        
      limitations for experimental aircraft certificated for the               
      purpose(s) of research and development, exhibition and/or air            
      racing.                                                                  
                                                                               
      2.  CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS.  The following steps are in the          
      normal order of occurrence for the certification of these                
      aircraft.                                                                
                                                                               
           a.  Demilitarization of Former Military Aircraft.  Former           
      military aircraft should be demilitarized prior to application           
      for airworthiness certification.  It is not possible to define           
      what the final configuration of these aircraft will be following         
      this demilitarization.  Therefore, since the demilitarization            
      process will most likely involve a change to the aircraft                
      configuration, FAA representatives should not consider an                
      application for airworthiness certification unless                       
      demilitarization has been completed.                                     
                                                                               
                (1)  It is the policy of the U.S. Department of Defense        
      (DoD) that surplus U.S. military property designated as arms,            
      ammunition, implements of war, and other military items will be          
      demilitarized to the extent necessary to preclude the                    
      unauthorized use of these military items.  The intent behind this        
      DoD policy is to destroy the military advantages inherent in             
      certain types of property, render harmless that property which is        
      dangerous, and to protect the national interest.  This DoD policy        
      mandates that tactical, fighter, and bomber aircraft will be             
      demilitarized to the extent that will render the aircraft not            
      airworthy.  This DoD policy is not applicable to military                
      trainer, observation, or liaison aircraft.  Additionally, DoD            
      does release a limited number of tactical, fighter, and bomber           
      aircraft for operation in R&D programs.  Typically, these                
      aircraft may only be demilitarized to the extent that classified         
      equipment has been removed.                                              
                                                                               
                NOTE:  This does not mean that all other U.S. surplus          
                military aircraft should have been rendered not                
                airworthy.  For example, some U.S. military aircraft           
                that were sold to other countries may be available for         
                public sale.  These aircraft are subject to the import         
                requirements that are listed in paragraph 2a(2) of this        
                appendix.  Additionally, other aircraft may have been          
                constructed from surplus parts.                                
                                                                               
                (2)  Former military aircraft imported from ANY other          
      country require an import permit issued by the Department of             
      Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF).  This          
      is granted by ATF using an ATF Form 6, Application and Permit for        
      Importation of Firearms, Ammunition and Implements of War.               
      Additionally, these former military aircraft are required to be          
      demilitarized in order to clear U.S. Customs.  Compliance with           
      demilitarization is evidenced by a completed ATF Form 6A, Release        
      and Receipt of Imported Firearms, Ammunition and Implements of           
      War.  Proof of demilitarization will be verified if the applicant        
      presents copies of the ATF Form 6 and ATF Form 6A that have been         
      competed by the appropriate Department of Treasury officials.  If        
      the applicant is unable to produce an ATF Form 6 or 6A, the FAA          
      certificating office should contact the ATF Firearms and                 
      Explosives Import Branch to determine if copies of these forms           
      are available for the particular aircraft.  In cases where the           
      ATF Forms 6 or 6A are not required or not available, the FAA             
      certificating office manager will determine the extent of                
      demilitarization necessary prior to airworthiness certification.         
                NOTE:  Should there be any questions regarding ATF             
                Forms 6 and 6A requirements, contact the ATF Firearms          
                and Explosives Import Branch, Department of Treasury,          
                phone number (202) 927-8320.  Any changes to this phone        
                number will be provided on electronic mail to all              
                offices.                                                       
                                                                               
           b.  Records Inspection.  The FAA shall:                             
                                                                               
                (1)  Verify that the aircraft is properly registered in        
      accordance with the requirements of 14 CFR part 47.                      
                                                                               
                (2)  Obtain from the applicant an FAA Form 8130-6,             
      Application For Airworthiness Certificate, completed in                  
      accordance with FAA Order 8130.2.                                        
                                                                               
                (3)  Obtain from the applicant a program letter in             
      accordance with Section 21.193(a), setting forth the purpose(s)          
      for which the aircraft will be used.  The program letter must be         
      specific as to the intended use under the purpose requested,             
      including which airshows, air races, or exhibition activities            
      (including dates and locations) that will be attended.  In the           
      case of a movie or television production, the date(s) and                
      location(s) of these productions must be provided.  The                  
      applicant's program letter should state a reasonable schedule of         
      events to be attended, but should not list events that would             
      obviously be impossible to attend, e.g., listing all airshows            
      scheduled in the United States for the upcoming year.  Applicants        
      should be advised that the program letter is subject to review by        
      the FAA and that the owner/operator must notify the local FSDO by        
      letter or facsimile transmission of any amendments to the                
      proposed schedule prior to that flight.                                  
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Applicants that do not submit a specific program        
                letter do not meet the intent of Section 21.193 and            
                shall not be issued a special airworthiness                    
                certificate.                                                   
                                                                               
                (4)  Ensure that the applicant has written or                  
      translated into English language, the necessary maintenance,             
      inspection, operating, and flight manual(s) to operate the               
      aircraft safely.                                                         
                                                                               
                (5)  Verify that maintenance records reflect recordings        
      of inspections, overhauls, repairs, time-in-service on                   
      life-limited parts and engines, etc., and that all records are           
      current.                                                                 
                                                                               
                NOTE:  The requirements of 14 CFR part 91 Section              
                91.409(e) are applicable via an operating limitation           
                issued at the time of airworthiness certification for          
                all turbine aircraft, regardless of weight.  This              
                requirement provides for the replacement of                    
                life-limited parts at a time specified in documents            
                approved by the Administrator.                                 
                                                                               
                (6)  If the aircraft is a "Group II" or "Group IV"             
      (only those aircraft over 12,500 lbs. and all turbine powered            
      aircraft regardless of weight) aircraft as described in paragraph        
      8 of this order, verify that the applicant has a FSDO-approved           
      inspection program that meets the requirements of Section                
      91.409(e).  (See appendix 2 of this order for inspection program         
      information.)                                                            
                NOTE:  An airworthiness certificate shall not be issued        
                for these aircraft without a FSDO-approved inspection          
                program.                                                       
                                                                               
                (7)  Verify that the applicant has made an entry in the        
      aircraft records to certify that an appropriately rated FAA-             
      certificated mechanic has accomplished the applicable inspection         
      (as defined in paragraph 8 of this order) within 30 days prior to        
      the submittal of the FAA Form 8130-6.                                    
                                                                               
           c.  Aircraft Inspection.  The FAA will perform an inspection        
      to the extent necessary to ensure that an inspection of the              
      aircraft and aircraft systems has been accomplished in accordance        
      with the inspection requirements as identified in paragraph 8 of         
      this order.  Additionally, the FAA will verify:                          
                                                                               
                (1)  That the aircraft's nationality and registration          
      marks are in accordance with the requirements of 14 CFR part 45          
      of the FAR.                                                              
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Reference Section 21.182(a) and (b) 2.  This            
                requires each aircraft to be identified as prescribed          
                in Section 45.11.  In addition, it is acceptable to            
                continue use of the duplicate pink copy of the AC Form         
                8050-1 as temporary authority to operate if it is first        
                verified with Oklahoma Aircraft Registry, that they            
                have received the Aircraft Registration application, as        
                temporary authority to operate.                                
                                                                               
                (2)  That instruments, instrument markings, and                
      placards are as required by the FAR and are identified in the            
      English language.  Verify that all measurements are converted to         
      standard U.S. units of measure for those instruments necessary           
      for operation in the U.S. air traffic system.                            
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Depending on the intended operation under the           
                applicable reference may be Section 91.205(b), Visual          
                Flight Rules (VFR) (day); Section 91.205(c), VFR               
                (night); or Section 91.205(d), Instrument Flight Rules         
                (IFR).  Operators should be alerted that there are             
                specific requirements under part 91 for maintenance and        
                inspection of the various aircraft instruments and             
                those requirements are applicable for these aircraft if        
                the instruments are installed, e.g., Sections 91.173           
                through 91.187, 91.215, 91.217, 91.219, 91.411, 91.413,        
                etc.                                                           
                                                                               
      3.  AIRCRAFT EQUIPPED WITH EJECTION SEATS OR JETTISONABLE STORES.        
                                                                               
      Former military turbine-powered aircraft certificated for the            
      purpose(s) enumerated in paragraph 5.d. of this appendix may be          
      eligible to operate with functional ejection seats.  ONLY                
      aircraft certificated for the purpose of research and development        
      may be eligible to operate with functional jettisonable external         
      fuel tanks or stores.  The following requirements must be met in         
      order to have these systems operational.                                 
                                                                               
           a.  The applicant must provide objective evidence that the          
      airport manager of the airport where the aircraft is based has           
      been notified regarding the presence of explosive devices in             
      these systems and the planned operation of an experimental               
      aircraft from that airport.                                              
                                                                               
           b.  Jettisonable external fuel tank(s) or stores systems            
      must be maintained in accordance with manufacturer's procedures          
      and inspected in accordance with the provisions of the                   
      FSDO-approved inspection program for the particular aircraft.            
      The FAA will verify that there is a records entry indicating             
      current serviceability of the jettison system(s).                        
                                                                               
           c.  Ejection seat systems must be maintained in accordance          
      with manufacturer's procedures and inspected in accordance with          
      the provisions of the FSDO-approved inspection program for the           
      particular aircraft.  The FAA will verify that there is a record         
      entry indicating current serviceability of the ejection system,          
      including the status of any dated shelf-life items.                      
                                                                               
           d.  The applicant must have provisions for securing the             
      aircraft to prevent inadvertent operation of the jettison and/or         
      ejection systems whenever the aircraft is parked.                        
                                                                               
      4.  CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES.                                            
                                                                               
           a.  Once it has been determined that the aircraft meets the         
      requirements for the airworthiness certification requested, the          
      FAA shall:                                                               
                                                                               
                (1)  Make an aircraft record entry showing the                 
      following or a similarly worded statement:  I find this aircraft         
      meets the requirements for a Special Airworthiness Certificate           
      for the purpose(s) of (identify purpose(s)) and have issued a            
      Special Airworthiness Certificate and operating limitations dated        
      (______).  The next inspection in due (______).  Signed:  (John          
      Doe, Aviation Safety Inspector, NM48).                                   
                                                                               
                (2)  Issue the airworthiness certificate, in accordance        
      with this order and FAA Order 8130.2, with appropriate operating         
      limitations.                                                             
                                                                               
           b.  If the aircraft does not meet the certification                 
      requirements and the airworthiness certificate is denied, the FAA        
      will provide a letter to the applicant stating the reason(s) for         
      denial and, if feasible, identify what steps may be accomplished         
      to meet the certification requirements.  Should this occur, a            
      copy of the denial letter will be attached to FAA Form 8130-6 and        
      forwarded to the Aircraft Registration Branch, AVN-750, and made         
      a part of the aircraft's record.                                         
                                                                               
      5.  EXPERIMENTAL OPERATING LIMITATIONS (GENERAL).                        
                                                                               
           a.  Section 91.319 prescribes operating limitations                 
      applicable to all aircraft having special airworthiness                  
      certificates issued under experimental.                                  
                                                                               
           b.  Paragraph 6 of this appendix provides the minimum               
      operating limitations that will be used when issuing a FAA Form          
      8130-7, Special Airworthiness Certificate, for these aircraft.           
                                                                               
           c.  If an applicant requests a change to the aircraft's             
      operating limitations, a new FAA Form 8130-7 is necessary and            
      will require submission of a new FAA Form 8130-6.                        
                                                                               
           d.  Aircraft covered by this appendix are only eligible for         
      special airworthiness certification for the following                    
      experimental purposes:                                                   
                                                                               
                (1)  Research and Development.  Operations permissible         
      under this purpose are defined in Section 21.191(a).  Although           
      the operations may eventually lead to type certification, they           
      may be conducted by the applicant only as a matter of pure               
      research or to determine whether an idea warrants further                
      development.  The duration of an airworthiness certificate for           
      research and development will be effective for only the length of        
      time reasonably required to accomplish the applicant's program,          
      not to exceed one year.                                                  
                                                                               
                (2)  Exhibition.  Operations permissible under this            
      purpose are defined in Section 21.191(d).  Operating an aircraft         
      to demonstrate its flight characteristics or capabilities in             
      connection with sales promotions for the aircraft is not                 
      considered to be an eligible operation under exhibition.  The            
      duration of an airworthiness certificate for exhibition will be          
      unlimited.  However, when an aircraft base of operation is               
      changed or there is a transfer of ownership the owner/operator           
      will notify the local FAA FSDO having jurisdiction over the area         
      in which the aircraft will be based.  The owner/operator will            
      provide the local FSDO with a copy of the inspection program             
      identifying the person responsible for scheduling and performing         
      the inspections.                                                         
                                                                               
                (3)  Air Racing.  Operations permissible under this            
      purpose are defined in Section 21.191(e).  A special                     
      airworthiness certificate for air racing should only be issued           
      when an aircraft will be used for valid air racing purposes.  The        
      duration of an airworthiness certificate for air racing will be          
      unlimited.  However, when an aircraft base of operation is               
      changed or there is a transfer of ownership the owner/operator           
      will notify the local FAA FSDO having jurisdiction over the area         
      in which the aircraft will be based.  The owner/operator will            
      provide the local FSDO with a copy of the inspection program             
      identifying the person responsible for scheduling and performing         
      the inspections.                                                         
                                                                               
           e.  Aircraft covered by this appendix would not normally be         
      considered eligible for airworthiness certification for the              
      following purposes:                                                      
                                                                               
                (1)  Showing Compliance with Regulations.  Under               
      Section 21.191(b), this purpose is ONLY to be considered valid           
      when an applicant is developing a product for type certification,        
      a type certificate (TC) holder is revising the TC design data, or        
      a modifier has applied for an STC or field approval.                     
                                                                               
                (2)  Crew Training.  Under Section 21.191(c), this             
      purpose is limited to ONLY the applicant's flight crews, which           
      normally would be the aircraft manufacturer's employees necessary        
      to be trained in experimental aircraft for subsequent operation          
      of aircraft being flight tested in TC programs or for production         
      flight testing.                                                          
                                                                               
                (3)  Market Surveys.  Under Section 21.191(f), a U.S.          
      manufacturer of aircraft may apply for the purpose of market             
      surveys, sales demonstrations, and customer crew training.               
      Additionally, a manufacturer of aircraft engines who has altered         
      a type certificated aircraft by installing different engines             
      manufactured within the U.S. or a person who has altered the             
      design of a type certificated, aircraft may apply for an                 
      experimental airworthiness certificate for the purpose of market         
      surveys, sales demonstrations, and customer crew training.               
                                                                               
                NOTE:  During the evaluation on exhibition aircraft,           
                field offices were requested to send in copies of the          
                special airworthiness certificates and operating               
                limitations for exhibition aircraft that they had              
                certificated.  During the review of these certificates,        
                several indicated that some offices may have issued            
                special airworthiness certificates for inappropriate           
                purposes.  These aircraft do not meet the criteria             
                stated in 5e(1), (2), and (3) and are not eligible for         
                airworthiness certification for the purposes stated in         
                paragraphs 5e(1), (2), and (3).                                
                                                                               
      6.  GENERAL OPERATING LIMITATIONS FOR EXPERIMENTAL AIRCRAFT              
      CERTIFICATED FOR THE PURPOSE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT,                
      EXHIBITION, AND/OR AIR RACING.                                           
                                                                               
           a.  The following is a list of operating limitations to be          
      used when issuing an airworthiness certificate for the purpose(s)        
      of research and development, exhibition, and/or air racing.              
      Specific minimum operating limitations for aircraft certificated         
      for the purpose(s) of exhibition and/or air racing are listed in         
      paragraph 6.b. of this appendix.  Minimum operating limitations          
      for aircraft certificated for the purpose of research and                
      development are listed in paragraph 6.c. of this appendix.  All          
      notes are provided for the FAA's information only and will not be        
      part of the actual operating limitations.  Additional limitations        
      may be established on a case-by-case basis, if deemed necessary          
      by the FAA, in the interest of safety.                                   
                                                                               
                NOTE:  To ensure national standardization, the                 
                following operating limitations shall be issued using          
                the text presented, as appropriate to the group of             
                aircraft as defined in paragraphs 6b and c of this             
                appendix.                                                      
                                                                               
                (1)  No person may operate this aircraft unless the FAA        
      Form 8130.7, Special Airworthiness Certificate, is displayed at          
      the cabin or cockpit entrance so that it is visible to passengers        
      or crew.                                                                 
                                                                               
                (2)  No person may operate this aircraft for other than        
      the purpose of meeting the requirements of Section 91.319(b), as         
      stated in the program letter for this aircraft.  Additionally,           
      this aircraft shall be operated in accordance with applicable air        
      traffic and general operating rules of part 91 and all additional        
      limitations herein prescribed under the provisions of Section            
      91.319(e).  These operating limitations are a part of the FAA            
      Form 8130-7, Special Airworthiness Certificate, and are to be            
      carried in the aircraft at all times for availability to the             
      pilot.                                                                   
                                                                               
                (3)  This aircraft may only operate from (identify name        
      of outlying airport) until the requirements of Section 91.319(b)         
      have been met.  The operator will use the following described            
      corridor to transition to that airport (enter description of the         
      corridor).  After meeting the requirements of Section 91.319(b),         
      the aircraft may return to (enter home base airport name) but the        
      established corridor will be used for all subsequent operations.         
                                                                               
                NOTE:  This limitation will be used when the aircraft's        
                home base is located in a densely populated area and/or        
                in a congested airway.                                         
                                                                               
                (4)  No person may operate this aircraft for other than        
      the purpose of Research and Development to accomplish the tests          
      outlined in (identify applicant) letter dated (______),                  
      describing compliance with Section 21.193(d).  Additionally, this        
      aircraft shall be operated in accordance with applicable                 
      air-traffic and general operating rules of part 91, and all              
      additional limitations herein prescribed under the provisions of         
      Section 91.319(e).  These operating limitations are a part of the        
      FAA Form 8130-7, Special Airworthiness Certificate, and are to be        
      carried in the aircraft at all times for availability to the             
      pilot.                                                                   
                                                                               
                (5)  This aircraft shall be operated for at least              
      (_______) hours with at least (_______) takeoffs and landings (to        
      a full stop) in the geographical area described as follows:              
                                                                               
                NOTE:  This geographical area, must be over open water         
                or sparsely populated areas having light air traffic.          
                The size of the area shall be that required to safely          
                conduct the type of anticipated maneuvers and tests.           
                The area shall be described by radius, or coordinates,         
                and/or landmarks.  The minimum hours and maximum               
                takeoffs and landings should be based on the aircraft          
                condition, records, and total time on the aircraft and         
                engine(s).  To ensure national standardization, when           
                issuing this limitation for turbine powered aircraft,          
                the maximum hours should not normally exceed 10 and the        
                minimum takeoffs and landings should be at least 3.            
                                                                               
                (6)  Application must be made to the geographically            
      responsible Flight Standards District Office for any revision to         
      these operating limitations.                                             
                                                                               
                (7)  This aircraft may not be operated over densely            
      populated areas or in congested airways, except when otherwise           
      directed by Air Traffic Control.                                         
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Special operating limitations for particular            
                aircraft to permit takeoffs and landings may be                
                authorized in accordance with Section 91.319(c).  The          
                certificating inspector should consult with a FSDO             
                operations inspector in order to determine if takeoffs         
                and landings should be authorized.  If authorization is        
                given, then the operating limitation will read as              
                follows:  "(7) Except for takeoffs and landings, this          
                aircraft may not be operated over densely populated            
                areas or in congested airways, except when otherwise           
                directed by Air Traffic Control or in an emergency             
                situation.  When exercising this authorization, the            
                pilot-in-command must request a departure route that           
                will avoid densely populated areas and congested               
                airways whenever possible."  The FAA certificating             
                inspector will coordinate with the local FSDO                  
                operations unit to establish departure/approach                
                corridors that ensure hazards to which persons and             
                property are subjected, and exposure of persons to             
                aircraft noise, are minimized.  THIS CONCEPT OF A              
                DEPARTURE/APPROACH CORRIDOR SHALL BE UTILIZED WHEN             
                ISSUING OPERATING LIMITATIONS FOR AIRCRAFT THAT ARE            
                BASED AT AIRPORTS WITHIN CLASS B AIRSPACE.  ESTABLISHED        
                CORRIDORS WILL BE USED FOR ALL PROFICIENCY FLIGHTS AND         
                EVENT ATTENDANCE.                                              
                                                                               
                (8)  This aircraft is to be operated under Visual              
      Flight Rule, day only.                                                   
                                                                               
                (9)  No person may be carried during flight unless that        
      person is essential to the purpose of the flight.                        
                                                                               
               (10)  No person may operate this aircraft for carrying          
      persons or property for compensation or hire.                            
                                                                               
               (11)  Acrobatic maneuvers intended to be performed must         
      be satisfactorily accomplished and recorded in the aircraft              
      records during the flight test period.                                   
                                                                               
                NOTE:  In addition to the requirements of Section              
                91.303, appropriate limitations identifying the                
                acrobatic maneuvers and conditions under which they may        
                be performed shall be prescribed.  The FAA may witness         
                acrobatic maneuvers if deemed necessary.                       
                                                                               
               (12)  This aircraft will not be operated unless the             
      replacement times for life-limited parts specified in the                
      applicable technical publications pertaining to the aircraft and         
      its components are complied with.  This aircraft including its           
      related components and systems, must be inspected in accordance          
      with an approved inspection program selected under the provisions        
      of Section 91.409(e).  This inspection program shall be recorded         
      in the aircraft maintenance records.                                     
                                                                               
                NOTE:  The procedures fox approval of this program are         
                described in appendix 2 of this order.                         
                                                                               
               (13)  Inspections shall be recorded in the aircraft             
      maintenance records showing the following or a similarly worded          
      statement:  I certify that this aircraft has been inspected on           
      (insert date) in accordance with the scope and detail of the             
      (identify program title) FSDO-approved program dated (_______)           
      and found to be in a condition for safe operation.  The entry            
      will include the aircraft total time in service (cycles if               
      appropriate); and the name, signature, and certificate                   
      type/number of the person performing the inspection.                     
                                                                               
               (14)  This aircraft shall not be operated unless within         
      the preceding 12 calendar months it has had a condition                  
      inspection performed in accordance with appendix D of part 43 and        
      found to be in a condition for safe operation.  This inspection          
      will be recorded in the aircraft maintenance records.                    
                                                                               
               (15)  Condition inspections shall be recorded in the            
      aircraft maintenance records showing the following or a similarly        
      worded statement:  I certify that this aircraft has been                 
      inspected on (insert date) in accordance with the scope and              
      detail of appendix D of 14 CFR part 43 and found to be in a              
      condition for safe operation.   The entry will include the               
      aircraft total time in service, the name, signature, and                 
      certificate type and number of the person performing the                 
      inspection.                                                              
                                                                               
               (16)  This aircraft shall not be operated unless it is          
      maintained and inspected in accordance with appropriate military         
      technical publications or manufacturer's instructions for the            
      aircraft.                                                                
                                                                               
               (17)  Inspections shall be recorded in the aircraft             
      maintenance records showing the following or a similarly worded          
      statement:  I certify that this aircraft has been inspected on           
      (insert date) in accordance with the scope and detail of                 
      (identify military technical publications and/or manufacturer's          
      instructions) and found to be in a condition for safe operation.         
                                                                               
               (18)  This aircraft shall not be operated unless it is          
      maintained and inspected in accordance with the requirements of          
      part 43, Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and            
      Alteration.                                                              
                                                                               
                NOTE:  This operating limitation is applicable for any         
                aircraft that previously had been issued a different           
                kind of airworthiness certificate prior to applying for        
                a special airworthiness certificate (Reference part 43         
                Section 43.1(b)).                                              
                                                                               
               (19)  Only FAA-certificated mechanics with appropriate          
      ratings as authorized by Section 43.3 may perform inspections            
      required by these limitations.                                           
                                                                               
               (20)  The cognizant FAA FSDO must be notified, and their        
      response received in writing, prior to flying this aircraft after        
      incorporation of a major change as defined by Section 21.93.             
                                                                               
               (21)  This aircraft must display the word EXPERIMENTAL          
      in accordance with Section 45.23(b)                                      
                                                                               
               (22)  This aircraft shall contain the placards,                 
      markings, etc., required by Section 91.9.                                
                                                                               
               (23)  The Pilot In Command of this aircraft must hold an        
      appropriate category/class rating.  If required for the type of          
      aircraft to be flown, the Pilot In Command must also hold either         
      an appropriate type rating or a Letter of Authorization issued by        
      an FAA Flight Standards Operations Inspector.                            
                NOTE:  A Letter of Authorization is issued in                  
                accordance with the procedures described in appendix 3         
                of this notice.  This operating limitation is not              
                applicable to glider aircraft.                                 
                                                                               
                (24) The Pilot In Command of this aircraft shall notify        
      the air traffic control tower of the experimental nature of this         
      aircraft when operating into or out of airports with operating           
      control towers.  The Pilot In Command shall plan routing that            
      will avoid densely populated areas and congested airways when            
      operating VFR.                                                           
                                                                               
               (25)  The Pilot In Command of this aircraft should be           
      knowledgeable of and utilize the procedures described in the             
      Experimental Aircraft Association's "Jet Operations Manual" or           
      other procedures acceptable to the Administrator.                        
                                                                               
               (26)  The ejection seat system must be maintained in            
      accordance with the manufacturer's procedures and inspected in           
      accordance with the Flight Standards District Office-approved            
      program entitled (identify program title) dated (enter approval          
      date).                                                                   
                                                                               
               (27)  The ejection seat system must be secured to               
      prevent inadvertent operation of the system whenever the aircraft        
      is parked.                                                               
                                                                               
               (28)  All systems that provide a means of inflight              
      jettison of external stores must be maintained in accordance with        
      the manufacturer's procedures and inspected in accordance with           
      the Flight Standards District Office-approved program entitled           
      (identify program title) dated (enter approval date).                    
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Inflight jettison systems are only allowed to be        
                operational on aircraft used for the purpose of                
                research and development.                                      
                                                                               
               (29)  External store(s) system(s) must be secured to            
      prevent inadvertent operation of these systems whenever the              
      aircraft is parked.                                                      
                                                                               
               (30)  This aircraft is prohibited from flight with any          
      externally mounted equipment unless the equipment is permanently         
      installed (in a manner that will prevent inflight jettison of the        
      equipment).  This permanent installation must be recorded in the         
      aircraft records.                                                        
                                                                               
               (31)  Following satisfactory completion of the required         
      number of flight hours in the flight test area, the pilot shall          
      certify in the records that the aircraft has been shown to comply        
      with Section 91.319(b).  Compliance with Section 91.319(b) shall         
      be recorded in the aircraft records with the following or a              
      similarly worded statement:  I certify that the prescribed flight        
      test hours have been completed and the aircraft is controllable          
      throughout its range of speeds and throughout all maneuvers to be        
      executed, has no hazardous operating characteristics or design           
      features, and is safe for operation.                                     
                                                                               
               (32)  No person may operate this aircraft for other than        
      the purpose(s) of (identify purpose(s)), to exhibit the aircraft,        
      or participate in events outlined in (identify applicant) program        
      letter (or any amendments) describing compliance with Section            
      21.193(d).  Additionally, this aircraft shall be operated in             
      accordance with applicable air traffic and general operating             
      rules of part 91, and all additional limitations herein                  
      prescribed under the provisions of Section 91.319(e).  These             
      operating limitations are a part of the FAA Form 8130-7, Special         
      Airworthiness Certificate, and are to be carried in the aircraft         
      at all times for availability to the pilot.                              
                                                                               
               (33)  All proficiency/practice flights shall be                 
      conducted within the geographical area described in the aircraft         
      program letter and any amendments to that letter, but that area          
      will not exceed 300 nautical miles of the aircraft home base             
      airport.  An exception is permitted for proficiency flying               
      outside of the area stated above for organized formation flying          
      training, or checkout in conjunction with a specific event listed        
      in the aircraft program letter (or amendments).  The program             
      letter should indicate the location and dates for this                   
      proficiency flying.                                                      
                                                                               
               (34)  All proficiency/practice flights shall be                 
      conducted within the geographical area described in the aircraft         
      program letter and any modifications to that letter, but that            
      area will not exceed 600 nautical miles of the aircraft home base        
      airport.  Proficiency flights are limited to a non-stop flight           
      that begins and ends at the home base airport with sufficient            
      fuel reserve to meet the applicable operating rules of part 91.          
      Anytime an alternate airport within the 600 nautical mile radius         
      is selected, the operator must notify their geographically               
      responsible Flight Standards District Office prior to each               
      proficiency flight away from their home base airport.  An                
      exception is permitted for proficiency flying outside of the area        
      stated above for organized formation flying, training, or                
      checkout in conjunction with a specific event listed in the              
      aircraft program letter (or amendments).  The program letter             
      should indicate the location and dates for this proficiency              
      flying.                                                                  
                                                                               
               (35)  All proficiency/practice flights shall be                 
      conducted within the geographical area described in the aircraft         
      program letter and any modifications to that letter, but that            
      area will not exceed 600 nautical miles of the aircraft home base        
      airport.  An exception is permitted for proficiency flying               
      outside of the area stated above for organized formation flying,         
      training, or checkout in conjunction with a specific event listed        
      in the aircraft program letter (or amendments).  The program             
      letter should indicate the location and dates for this                   
      proficiency flying.                                                      
                                                                               
               (36)  All proficiency/practice flights shall be                 
      conducted within the geographical area described in the aircraft         
      program letter and any modifications to that letter, but that            
      area will not exceed 300 nautical miles of the aircraft home base        
      airport.  Proficiency flights are limited to a non-stop flight           
      that begins and ends at the aircraft home base airport.  An              
      alternate airport selection is not permitted for this aircraft.          
      However, an exception is permitted for proficiency flying outside        
      of the area stated above for organized formation flying,                 
      training, or checkout in conjunction with a specific event listed        
      in the aircraft program letter (or amendments).  The program             
      letter should indicate the location and dates for this                   
      proficiency flying.                                                      
                                                                               
               (37)  Proficiency flights are authorized without                
      geographical restrictions defined for Group I aircraft, as               
      necessary, when conducted in preparation for participation in            
      sanctioned meets and pursuant to qualify for Federal Aeronautique        
      International (FAI) or Soaring Society of America (SSA) awards.          
      These flights may only take place as defined in the aircraft             
      program letter, and prior to the specific FAI or SSA event.  The         
      PIC must submit a description of the intended route and/or               
      geographical area intended to be flown to their local Flight             
      Standards District Office.                                               
                                                                               
               (38)  This aircraft is restricted to airports that are          
      within airspace classes C, D, E, and G during proficiency                
      flights, except in the case of a declared emergency or when              
      otherwise directed by Air Traffic Control.                               
                                                                               
               (39)  The owner/operator of this aircraft must submit an        
      annual program letter update to the local Flight Standards               
      District Office that lists airshows, fly-ins, etc. that will be          
      attended during the next year, commencing at the time this               
      aircraft is released into Phase 2 operation.  This list will be          
      subject to amendments, as required, by letter or facsimile               
      transmission.                                                            
                                                                               
               (40)  The owner/operator of this aircraft must ensure           
      that a copy of the current program letter, any amendments, and a         
      copy of the highlighted aeronautical chart, are carried aboard           
      this aircraft at all times.                                              
                                                                               
               (41)  This aircraft is authorized for flights at air            
      shows or air races conducted under a waiver (if required) issued         
      in accordance with Section 91.903.                                       
                                                                               
               (42)  This aircraft must be operated VFR, Day only,             
      unless equipped for night and/or instrument flight in accordance         
      with Section 91.205.                                                     
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Section 91.319(d)(2) provides for VFR, day only,        
                unless otherwise specifically authorized by the                
                Administrator.  If other operations are requested, the         
                aircraft must be equipped in accordance with the               
                applicable requirements of Section 91.205.                     
                                                                               
               (43)  No person may be carried in this aircraft during          
      the exhibition of the aircraft's flight capabilities,                    
      performance, or unusual characteristics at air shows, motion             
      picture, television, or similar productions, unless essential for        
      the purpose of the flight.  Passengers may be carried during             
      flights to and from any event outlined in the program letter or          
      during proficiency flying, limited to the design seating capacity        
      of the aircraft.                                                         
                                                                               
               (44)  The Pilot In Command of this aircraft shall advise        
      each person carried of the experimental nature of this aircraft.         
                                                                               
               (45)  Acrobatic maneuvers that have been recorded during        
      flight test may be performed.                                            
                                                                               
               (46)  This aircraft is prohibited from flight with any          
      externally mounted equipment unless the equipment is permanently         
      mounted in a manner that will prevent inflight jettison, and             
      there is a notation in the aircraft records indicating flight            
      testing has been accomplished with this equipment installed.             
                                                                               
               (47)  Supersonic flight (true flight Mach number greater        
      than 1) is prohibited unless specifically authorized under               
      Section 91.817.                                                          
               (48)  These operating limitations and airworthiness             
      certificate will bear no expiration date.  However, when an              
      aircraft base of operation is changed or there is a transfer of          
      ownership the new owner/operator will provide the local Flight           
      Standards District Office with a copy of the approved inspection         
      program identifying the person responsible for scheduling and            
      performing the inspections.                                              
                                                                               
               (49)  This aircraft shall not be used for glider towing,        
      banner towing, or intentional parachute jumping.                         
                                                                               
               (50)  This aircraft does not meet the requirements of           
      the applicable, comprehensive, and detailed airworthiness code as        
      provided by Annex 8 of the International Convention of Civil             
      Aviation.  The owner/operator of this aircraft must obtain               
      written permission from another country's Civil Airworthiness            
      Authority (CAA) prior to operating this aircraft in or over that         
      country.  That written permission must be carried aboard the             
      aircraft together with the U.S. airworthiness certificate and,           
      upon request, be made available to an FAA inspector or the CAA in        
      the country of operation.                                                
                                                                               
               (51)  In accordance with Section 47.45, the FAA Aircraft        
      Registry must be notified within 30 days for any change of the           
      aircraft registrant's address.  Such notification is to be made          
      in the form of a submission of an FAA Form 8050-1, Aircraft              
      Registration Application.                                                
                                                                               
               (52)  Aircraft instruments and equipment installed and          
      used under Section 91.205 must be inspected and maintained in            
      accordance with the requirements for those instruments found in          
      parts 43 and 91.                                                         
                                                                               
               (53)  Flights to maintenance facilities located inside          
      or outside the proficiency area to have maintenance performed are        
      allowed.  For facilities outside the proficiency area stated in          
      the operating limitations, identify the operating limitation             
      number.  The owner operator must notify and receive permission           
      from the geographically responsible FSDO prior to flight.  The           
      maintenance performed must be recorded in the aircraft records.          
                                                                               
                NOTE:  The geographically responsible FSDO and the             
                local area FSDO office where the maintenance will take         
                place, must concur prior to approving the flight               
                request.                                                       
                                                                               
           b.  Notwithstanding the certification requirements contained        
      in the current revision of FAA Order 8130.2, Airworthiness               
      Certification of Aircraft and Related Approvals, an FAA inspector        
      may elect to process these aircraft on a one-time certification          
      basis, e.g., via the issuance of only one special airworthiness          
      certificate of unlimited duration.  In these instances, when             
      issuing the special airworthiness certificate for the purpose(s)         
      of exhibition and/or air racing, the operating limitations will          
      be prescribed in two phases in the same document.                        
                                                                               
                (1)  For Phase 1 limitations, the certificating                
      inspector will prescribe all those operating limitations under           
      paragraph 6.a. of this appendix, as appropriate, for the                 
      applicant to demonstrate compliance with Section 91.319(b) in the        
      assigned flight test area.  The following identification of              
      operating limitations found in paragraph 6.a. of this appendix           
      are based on the four groups identified in paragraph 8 of this           
      order.                                                                   
                                                                               
                (2)  Minimum Phase 1 operating limitations for all             
      aircraft, regardless of group designation will be as follows:  1,        
      2, 3 (if applicable), 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18 (if applicable),         
      19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 31, 40, 50, 51, 52, and 53.                          
                                                                               
                     (a)  Additional specific Phase 1 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group I include                 
      limitations 14, 15 and 23 (if applicable).                               
                                                                               
                     (b)  Additional specific Phase 1 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group II include                
      operating limitations 12, 13, 23, 25, 26, 27, and 30.                    
                                                                               
                     (c)  Additional specific Phase 1 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group III include               
      operating limitations 14 and 15 (if under 800 hp), or 16 and 17          
      (if 800 hp or above), and 23 (if applicable).                            
                                                                               
                     (d)  Additional specific Phase 1 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group IV include                
      limitations 12 and 13 (if jet powered or over 12,500 lbs.), or 14        
      and 15 (all other aircraft), and 23 (if applicable).                     
                                                                               
                (3)  In order to operate under Phase 2 operating               
      limitations, the operator must make a signed entry (described in         
      limitation 31) attesting to meeting the requirements of Section          
      91.319(b).                                                               
                                                                               
                (4)  For Phase 2 limitations, the certificating                
      inspector will prescribe all those operating limitations under           
      paragraph 6.a. of this appendix, as appropriate, to allow the            
      applicant to operate the aircraft outside of the designated              
      flight test area.  The following identification of operating             
      limitations found in paragraph 6.a. of this appendix is based on         
      the four groups identified in paragraph 8 of this order.                 
                                                                               
                (5)  Minimum Phase 2 operating limitations for all             
      aircraft, regardless of group designation will be as follows:  1,        
      6, 7, 10, 18 (if applicable), 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 32, 38, 39, 40,        
      41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 49, 50, 51, 52, and 53.                              
                                                                               
                     (a)  Additional specific Phase 2 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group I include                 
      limitations 14, 15, and 23 (if applicable) and limitations 33 and        
      37 (gliders only).                                                       
                                                                               
                     (b)  Additional specific Phase 2 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group II include                
      limitations 12, 13, 23 (if applicable), 25, 26, 27, 30, 34, 46,          
      47, and 48.                                                              
                                                                               
                     (c)  Additional specific Phase 2 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group III include               
      limitations 14 and 15 (if under 800 hp), or 16 and 17 (if 800 hp         
      or above), 23 (if applicable), and 33 (if under 800 hp) or 35 (if        
      800 hp or above).                                                        
                                                                               
                     (d)  Additional specific Phase 2 operating                
      limitations for aircraft operating under Group IV include                
      limitations 12 and 13 (if turbine-powered or over 12,500 lbs.),          
      or 14 and 15 (all other aircraft), 23 (if applicable), 25, 36,           
      47, and 48 (if applicable).                                              
           c.  Minimum operating limitations for aircraft certificated         
      for the purpose of research and development include limitation 1,        
      4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 and 13 (if turbine-powered) or 14 and 15           
      (if not turbine-powered), 18 (if applicable), 19, 20, 21, 22, 23         
      (if applicable), 24, 25 (if turbine-powered), 26 and 27 (if              
      equipped with ejection seats), 28 and 29 (if equipped with               
      jettisonable stores), 40, 42, 47, 50, 51, and 52.                        
                                                                               
                                                                               
              APPENDIX 2.  INSPECTION PROGRAMS FOR EXPERIMENTAL                
            AIRCRAFT THAT ARE TURBINE-POWERED OR OVER 12,500 lbs.              
                                                                               
      1.  PURPOSE.  This appendix contains information and guidance            
      concerning inspection programs that are required during                  
      certification and prior to operating these experimental aircraft.        
                                                                               
      2.  DEFINITIONS.  The following definitions are terms that may be        
      used in the development of inspection programs for these                 
      aircraft.                                                                
                                                                               
           a.  Overhaul.  Methods, techniques, or practices for                
      disassembling, cleaning, inspecting, repairing as necessary,             
      reassembling, and testing in accordance with approved standards          
      and technical data acceptable to the Administrator.  Overhaul            
      should not be confused with life-limit.                                  
                                                                               
           b.  Life-limit.  The finite/retirement time assigned to a           
      component that requires the removal of that component from               
      service.                                                                 
                                                                               
           c.  Shelf-life.  A recommended time determined by the               
      manufacturer for removal of a component from service.                    
                                                                               
      3.  INSPECTION PROGRAM SUBMITTAL REQUIREMENTS.  The applicant            
      should submit the following material for review:                         
                                                                               
           a.  Proposed Inspection Program.  The submitted program for         
      an aircraft may be a current manufacturer's; current military; an        
      owner/operator developed program; or it can be based on one              
      previously approved for the same make/model.  Prior FAA approval         
      of an inspection program does not guarantee an automatic approval        
      for a similar make/model because inspection programs are aircraft        
      specific and will be identified by the aircraft serial number.           
      Inspection programs are subject to amendment whenever significant        
      changes in operating environment and/or equipment occurs.                
                                                                               
           b.  Operable Ejection Seats.  The inspection program for            
      operable ejection seats will be based on a current manufacturer's        
      or current military developed program, and will include                  
      replacement intervals for shelf-life components, such as                 
      pyrotechnic cartridges.                                                  
                                                                               
                NOTE: When an aircraft base of operation is changed,           
                the owner/operator will notify the local FAA FSDO              
                having jurisdiction over the area in which the aircraft        
                is based.  If an aircraft with an approved inspection          
                program is sold, the new owner/operator will provide           
                the FSDO with a copy of the approved inspection program        
                identifying the person responsible for scheduling and          
                performing the inspections.                                    
                                                                               
           c.  Required Manufacturer/Military Manuals.  If the manuals         
      were not originally published in English, the applicant will             
      submit an English translation of the original manuals.  It is to         
      the applicant's benefit to ensure that the translation is                
      performed by a technically competent individual familiar with            
      aviation terms and practices.                                            
                                                                               
           d.  Extension of Component Life-limits.                             
                                                                               
                (1)  The applicant may submit data (review by an FAA           
      Designated Engineering Representative is encouraged), with a             
      request to the Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), that could           
      extend the life-limit on specific components of the aircraft             
      beyond the manufacturer's, military, and/or technical order              
      recommended life-limits.  This data and inspection procedure, if         
      approved by the ACO, will be submitted to the local FSDO to be           
      included into the FSDO-approved inspection program for the               
      aircraft.  As a minimum, the data submitted by the applicant             
      should contain the following:                                            
                                                                               
                     (a)  The original strength, stress, and fatigue           
      data for the aircraft and the pertinent parts, including other           
      parts which may be affected by changes of the life-limits and            
      inspection intervals;                                                    
                                                                               
                     (b)  The methodology the designers used while             
      developing the life-limits and inspection intervals;                     
                                                                               
                     (c)  The operational history of the aircraft and          
      parts (usage affects life-limits and inspection intervals);              
                                                                               
                     (d)  The service history of the aircraft and              
      pertinent parts, including any repairs and modifications which           
      affect the strength, stress, and fatigue characteristics of the          
      parts and their affects upon the parts' life-limits and                  
      inspection intervals;                                                    
                                                                               
                     (e)  How the present operational usage differs            
      from prior military usage;                                               
                                                                               
                     (f)  That the applicant's inspection/testing              
      techniques, e.g., NDI/NDT, are comparable to those used by the           
      military;                                                                
                                                                               
                     (g)  That the methodology chosen by the owner             
      (e.g., damage tolerance with inspections versus safe-life with           
      automatic removal) produces at least as safe a product as the            
      military's approach.                                                     
                                                                               
                     (h)  The request must include a procedure to              
      inspect the component to some appropriate physical standard and          
      should include non-destructive testing, where applicable.                
                                                                               
                     (i)  This data and inspection procedure, if               
      approved by the ACO, will be submitted to the local FSDO to be           
      included in the FAA-approved inspection program.                         
                                                                               
                (2)  In cases where the data mentioned in paragraph            
      3d(1) is unavailable or cannot be substantiated, the components          
      will not be eligible for any extension of life-limits.                   
                                                                               
           e.  Extension of Component Recommended Overhaul Times.  The         
      owner/operator may elect to continue in service any component            
      that has reached its recommended overhaul time providing an              
      approved inspection is implemented which includes a procedure to         
      inspect the component to an appropriate physical standard with a         
      definitive time period for review.  Testing to the standard may          
      be accomplished in place where practicable.  This inspection             
      procedure will be submitted to the local FSDO to be included in          
      the FAA approved inspection program.                                     
                                                                               
      4.  INSPECTION PROGRAM CONTENT.                                          
                                                                               
           a.  The owner/operator developed inspection program                 
      presented for FAA approval should reference specific details from        
      the appropriate military/manufacturer's manuals while                    
      encompassing the scope and detail of part 43, appendix D, as             
      appropriate.                                                             
                                                                               
           b.  As an alternative, a military/manufacturer's inspection         
      program may be adopted and presented for FAA approval.  Specific         
      irrelevant sections may be deleted for aircraft systems that have        
      been removed or deactivated.                                             
                                                                               
                NOTE:  Although part 43, appendix D, refers to annual          
                and 100-hour inspections, the applicant is not limited         
                to these time and hour requirements.  However, all             
                inspection programs will provide for a complete                
                inspection of the aircraft within the preceding 12             
                calendar months.                                               
                                                                               
           c.  The following items should be a part of an approved             
      inspection program:                                                      
                                                                               
                (1)  Title page that includes the aircraft                     
      manufacturer's name and the aircraft model, serial number, and           
      registration number to which the inspection program applies; and         
      the owner/operator's name and address.                                   
                (2)  Table of contents;                                        
                                                                               
                (3)  Log of revisions;                                         
                                                                               
                (4)  Method of revision;                                       
                                                                               
                (5)  List of effective pages;                                  
                                                                               
                (6)  Introduction that includes the following:                 
                                                                               
                     (a)  A description of the inspection program with         
      references to the sections of the supporting documents to include        
      standards of performance, procedures, methods, instructions, or          
      other technical data.  If the references are not specified by            
      title, page, and revision, the documents in their entirety become        
      a part of the inspection program.                                        
                                                                               
                     (b)  A statement that this inspection will be             
      performed to ensure that the aircraft is in a condition for safe         
      operation and that the inspection is performed in accordance with        
      the procedures of the program.                                           
                                                                               
                     (c)  Identification of the individual responsible         
      for scheduling and performing the inspections, including their           
      name and address.                                                        
                                                                               
                     (d)  A listing of the specific                            
      maintenance/inspection manuals for the make and model of the             
      aircraft being certificated.                                             
                                                                               
                (7)  Program unique definitions and/or acronyms.               
                (8)  A replacement schedule of life-limited/retirement         
      items, if applicable.                                                    
                                                                               
                (9)  Procedures to ensure that inspection records are          
      kept and that the following information is included:                     
                                                                               
                     (a)  Date of inspection;                                  
                                                                               
                     (b)  Name and certificate number of the person            
      performing the inspection;                                               
                                                                               
                     (c)  Type of inspection; and                              
                                                                               
                     (d)  Total time of the component being inspected          
      expressed in cycles, calendar time, hours, or any combination of         
      these.                                                                   
                                                                               
               (10)  Instructions and procedures for the conduct of            
      inspections for the particular make and model of aircraft                
      including necessary tests and checks.  The instructions and              
      procedures must set forth in detail the parts and areas of the           
      airframe, engines, propellers, and appliances required to be             
      inspected, including survival and emergency equipment.                   
                                                                               
               (11)  A schedule for performing the required inspections        
      under the program as expressed in terms of time-in-service,              
      calendar time, number of system operations, or any combination of        
      these.  It should also include low-utilization inspections.              
                                                                               
               (12)  Additional procedures that should be included in          
      the instructions and procedures may include:                             
                     (a)  Special Inspections such as short and long           
      term storage/out of service inspections, hard landing                    
      inspections, structural inspections, etc.                                
                                                                               
                     (b)  Compliance with service letters, service             
      bulletins, time compliance technical orders, and airworthiness           
      directives; and the method to insure compliance.                         
                                                                               
                     (c)  Corrosion inspections.                               
                                                                               
                     (d)  Any other inspection that may be required due        
      to unusual environmental operations or aircraft design, such as          
      composite construction.                                                  
                                                                               
      5.  INSPECTION PROGRAM APPROVAL.  Approval of the inspection             
      program will be indicated on the cover page.  Include the date of        
      approval, the inspector's signature, the office name, number, and        
      location.  Stamp each succeeding page with the district office           
      stamp, date, and initials of the inspector,                              
                                                                               
      6.  MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS.  The owner/operator of the aircraft        
      will have the inspections performed as prescribed in the approved        
      program and will, between inspections, have discrepancies                
      repaired in accordance with the appropriate manufacturer/military        
      manuals, instructions, and technical orders.                             
                                                                               
      7.  MAINTENANCE RECORDS.  The owner/operator shall keep the              
      records required under part 91 Section 91.417 as applicable to           
      the aircraft.                                                            
                                                                               
                                                                               
      APPENDIX 3.  PILOT QUALIFICATION AND OPERATION OF TURBINE POWERED        
        AIRCRAFT, LARGE AIRCRAFT, OR PISTON-POWERED AIRCRAFT GREATER           
                THAN 800 HP AND V sub ne EXCEEDING 250 KNOTS                   
                                                                               
      1.  PURPOSE.  This appendix provides guidance for qualifying             
      pilots to operate turbine powered aircraft, large aircraft, or           
      piston powered aircraft having more than 800 HP and a Vne                
      (never-exceed speed) that exceeds 250 KIAS under a letter of             
      authorization (LOA), as required by operating limitations issued         
      for this type of aircraft.                                               
                                                                               
      2.  DEFINITIONS.                                                         
                                                                               
           a.  Aircraft Type.  As used in this appendix, means a               
      specific make and basic model, e.g., Mikoyan MiG-15 or Douglas           
      A-4.                                                                     
                                                                               
           b.  Comparable.  As used in this appendix, means aircraft           
      with similar characteristics.  Some characteristics to consider          
      when determining comparability of aircraft are straight-wing             
      versus swept wing, subsonic versus supersonic, gross weight, and         
      number of engines.                                                       
                                                                               
           c.  Letter of Operational Authority.  A letter of                   
      operational authority issued by the FAA may allow an individual          
      to evaluate an applicant's knowledge and flight proficiency and          
      to provide a recommendation to the FAA for the issuance of an            
      LOA.  In addition, the holder of a letter of operational                 
      authority may endorse an existing LOA holder for continued solo          
      flight after a period of 6 calendar months of inactivity.                
                                                                               
           d.  Surplus Military Aircraft.  As used in this appendix,           
      unless otherwise stated, applies to both turbine-powered and             
      piston-powered surplus military aircraft.                                
                                                                               
           e.  Piston-Powered Aircraft.  As used in this appendix,             
      means an aircraft with over 800 hp and Vne that exceeds 250              
      knots.                                                                   
                                                                               
      3.  BACKGROUND.                                                          
                                                                               
           a.  Operating limitations issued for experimental aircraft          
      may require the pilot-in-command to either obtain an LOA from the        
      FAA or hold a type rating on their pilot certificate when an             
      aircraft type rating has been established.                               
                                                                               
           b.  Type ratings for certain aircraft are required by 14 CFR        
      part 61 section 61.31(a).  The FAR requires type ratings for             
      large aircraft or turbine-powered aircraft when they have been           
      certificated in the standard category.  Section 61.31(h)(3)              
      provides an exception for type ratings for operation of aircraft         
      certificated in the experimental or provisional category.                
                                                                               
      4.  ELIGIBILITY.  To be eligible for an LOA to serve as PIC, an          
      applicant must:                                                          
                                                                               
           a.  Possess at least a private pilot certificate with               
      appropriate category and class rating (such as airplane,                 
      single-engine land).                                                     
                                                                               
           b.  Meet the flight experience eligibility requirements.            
      The applicant is only required to meet one of the following two          
      methods in order to meet the experience requirements for                 
      turbine-powered aircraft:                                                
                (1)  The applicant must have logged a minimum of 1,000         
      hours pilot flight time, including 500 hours as PIC in the               
      aircraft category; or                                                    
                                                                               
                (2)  The applicant must have logged a minimum of 500           
      hours pilot flight time in the aircraft category and have                
      completed the U.S. armed services qualification checkout, or             
      manufacturer's training and qualification program as specified           
      under the general training requirements, paragraph 7a of this            
      appendix.                                                                
                                                                               
           c.  Have logged a minimum of 500 hours of pilot flight time         
      to serve as PIC of a piston-powered aircraft.                            
                                                                               
           d.  Possess at least a valid third-class FAA medical                
      certificate.                                                             
                                                                               
      5.  APPLICATION PROCEDURES.                                              
                                                                               
           a.  An applicant shall submit an application letter and an          
      FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, to        
      the FSDO where the applicant resides or in the area where the            
      flight(s) will begin at least 30 days before the date of the             
      first intended operation.  The application letter shall include          
      at least the following information:                                      
                                                                               
                (1)  The name of the applicant.                                
                                                                               
                (2)  The current address of the applicant and a                
      telephone number where the applicant can be reached during normal        
      business hours.                                                          
                (3)  The grade of the applicant's pilot certificate,           
      number, rating(s), and limitations, along with a description of          
      the pilot's background and hours of experience in the type of            
      aircraft involved or a similar type aircraft.                            
                                                                               
                (4)  The pilot's plan for transition training to the           
      specific aircraft, including ground, flight, and simulator               
      training if applicable.  Minimum standards for such training are         
      specified under general training requirements, paragraph 6 of            
      this appendix.                                                           
                                                                               
                (5)  The date and class of FAA airman medical                  
      certificate held, including any limitations, and whether the             
      pilot applicant has had high altitude physiological training,            
      including the date of such training, as appropriate.                     
                                                                               
                (6)  The make, model, and manufacturer of the aircraft         
      to be flown.                                                             
                                                                               
                (7)  The name of the airport where the aircraft will be        
      based and a description of the proposed flight, or series of             
      flights, including the purpose, airport of departure, airports of        
      intended use enroute, and airport of destination, as applicable.         
                                                                               
                (8)  The portions of the aircraft operating manual that        
      includes the operating limitations for that aircraft and its             
      current airworthiness status.                                            
                                                                               
           b.  Once the application, including the applicant's proposed        
      training plan has been received by the FSDO, an FAA inspector            
      will review the application and advise the applicant whether the         
      application is acceptable or whether revisions and/or amendments         
      are necessary.                                                           
                                                                               
      6.  GENERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS.  The FAA requires documented          
      evidence of appropriate training.  The training which the                
      applicant receives should be obtained from the most complete             
      program available.  For example, the manufacturer, the military,         
      or outside contractors may be potential sources for ground,              
      simulator, or flight training.  The EAA has developed a Jet              
      Operations Manual, including suggestions and recommendations for         
      civilian jet operations creating a positive image and noise              
      abatement procedures.  The FAA encourages persons considering            
      operating surplus military aircraft to become familiar with and          
      use the procedures such as those outlined in the EAA's Jet               
      Operations Manual.                                                       
                                                                               
           a.  To act as PIC in the particular type aircraft or in a           
      "comparable" surplus military type fighter or attack aircraft,           
      the applicant is required to show evidence of completion of an           
      appropriate U.S. military service qualification checkout (U.S.           
      Air Force F-86, U.S. Navy A-4, etc.).  The applicant must also           
      show evidence of having flown as PIC of a turbine or                     
      piston-powered aircraft, as applicable, within the preceding 3           
      calendar months and logged 10 hours as PIC in the particular type        
      aircraft or a "comparable" type aircraft during the preceding 12         
      calendar months.                                                         
                                                                               
           b.  The applicant may show evidence of satisfactory                 
      completion of the manufacturer's PIC qualification checkout in           
      the particular type aircraft.  In such case, the applicant must          
      provide a copy of the manufacturer's training program curriculum.        
                                                                               
           c.  If the above methods of training are not available, the         
      applicant may provide an endorsement by the holder of a current          
      and appropriate Letter of Operational Authority in that type             
      aircraft, who has also been authorized in writing by the FAA to          
      make the endorsement that ground instruction has been given and          
      that the applicant is adequately knowledgeable of:                       
                                                                               
                (1)  The aircraft's systems and components.                    
                                                                               
                (2)  Normal and emergency procedures, including the use        
      of ejection seats if such seats are operational (abnormal if             
      described in the aircraft's checklist).                                  
                                                                               
                (3)  Use of performance charts including, but not              
      limited to, takeoff, climb, cruise, descent, and landing.                
                                                                               
                (4)  Fuel requirements and management.                         
                                                                               
                (5)  Runway requirements and limitations (minimum              
      length and crosswind limits of the aircraft).                            
                                                                               
                (6)  Contents of the aircraft flight manual or                 
      equivalent.                                                              
                                                                               
                (7)  Operating limitations prescribed for the                  
      particular aircraft, including the adverse effects of exceeding          
      any limitation.                                                          
                                                                               
                (8)  Operation of the aircraft in the high altitude            
      regime, if applicable.                                                   
                                                                               
      Instruction will be given in the Areas of Operation and the              
      applicable Tasks, and standards of performance required will be          
      that shown in the Airline Transport Pilot and Type Rating                
      Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-5 (as amended).                     
                                                                               
           d.  In addition to the knowledge requirements of                    
      subparagraph c of this appendix, the applicant must present an           
      endorsement by the holder of a current and appropriate LOA in            
      that type aircraft, who has been authorized in writing by the FAA        
      to make the endorsement that they have personally flown with the         
      applicant in the type aircraft for multiple-place or a comparable        
      aircraft for single-place and has found the applicant competent          
      to perform safely the following:                                         
                                                                               
                (1)  Aircraft preflight.                                       
                                                                               
                (2)  Cockpit resource management, as appropriate.              
                                                                               
                (3)  Powerplant start procedure, taxing, and pre-              
      takeoff checks.                                                          
                                                                               
                (4)  Takeoffs and landings (normal, crosswind, and             
      arrestment procedures), as applicable.                                   
                                                                               
                (5)  Aborted takeoffs.                                         
                                                                               
                (6)  Flight at critically slow airspeeds.                      
                                                                               
                (7)  Approaches to stalls (if appropriate to the               
      aircraft used).                                                          
                                                                               
                (8)  Recovery from specific flight characteristics.            
                                                                               
                (9)  Normal and emergency procedures (abnormal if              
      described in the aircraft's checklist).                                  
                                                                               
               (10)  Maneuvering to landings with simulated powerplant         
      failure, multi-engine aircraft.                                          
                                                                               
               (11)  Zero-flap landings, as appropriate.                       
                                                                               
               (12)  Rejected landings.                                        
                                                                               
               (13)  Aerobatics - if appropriate to the aircraft and           
      requested by the applicant, and if the applicant does not wish to        
      have the limitation, "Aerobatic maneuvers are not authorized"            
      placed on their LOA.                                                     
                                                                               
      Instruction will be given in the Areas of Operation and the              
      applicable Tasks, and standards of performance required will be          
      that shown in the Airline Transport Pilot and Type Rating                
      Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-5 (as amended).                     
                                                                               
           e.  The applicant may propose a written training program            
      curriculum of their own choice and design.  The training program         
      curriculum should provide transition ground and flight training          
      appropriate to the aircraft and consist of the Areas of Operation        
      and the applicable Tasks shown in the Airline Transport Pilot and        
      Type Rating Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-5 (as amended).         
      The training program shall ensure that the applicant, after              
      satisfactorily completing the proposed training program, will            
      have received training at least equal in scope and content to            
      that contained in paragraphs 6a or b, or c and d of this                 
      appendix.                                                                
                                                                               
           f.  Some single-place military surplus aircraft have                
      two-place models that may be available for the applicant's use in        
      training.  An applicant with a single-place aircraft, e.g.,              
      MiG-15, must accomplish the training required by this appendix.          
      However, the applicant may accomplish that training in a                 
      comparable two-place aircraft, e.g., T-33.  In determining what          
      constitutes a comparable two-place aircraft for training purposes        
      and for issuing authorizations for single-place aircraft, the FAA        
      requires the applicant to receive training in the most complex           
      airplane that most nearly duplicates the characteristics of the          
      single place model.                                                      
                                                                               
           g.  A temporary LOA to fly a multiple-place or single-place         
      aircraft may be granted for proficiency and practice flying in           
      preparation for the practical tests required by this appendix.           
      This temporary LOA may be issued on the basis of the applicant           
      having satisfactorily completed the appropriate training program.        
      This temporary LOA shall be valid for a maximum period of 60 days        
      and shall be limited to flights in a prescribed geographical             
      area.  This temporary LOA may be reissued for an additional 60           
      days if the applicant can show that he/she was prevented from            
      proficiency and practice flying by circumstances beyond their            
      control, such as weather or mechanical problems.  In any case,           
      the applicant must comply with the aircraft's airworthiness              
      limitations, as amended.                                                 
                                                                               
      7.  PRACTICAL TEST - MULTIPLE-PLACE AIRCRAFT.                            
                                                                               
           a.  After the applicant has satisfactorily completed the            
      proposed training program which was deemed acceptable to the FAA,        
      a demonstration of the applicant's knowledge and flight                  
      proficiency will not be required (for VFR flight only) if the            
      applicant has accomplished one of the following:                         
                                                                               
                (1)  Has satisfactorily completed the appropriate U.S.         
      military service qualification as outlined in paragraph 6a of            
      this appendix and has shown evidence of having flown as PIC of           
      any turbine or piston-powered aircraft, as applicable, within the        
      preceding 3 calendar months and logged 10 hours as pilot in              
      command in the particular type aircraft or in a "comparable" type        
      fighter or attack aircraft during the preceding 12 calendar              
      months; or                                                               
                                                                               
                (2)  Has satisfactorily completed the training and was         
      endorsed by the holder of a current and appropriate Letter of            
      Operational Authority as outlined in paragraphs 6c and 6d of this        
      appendix.                                                                
                                                                               
           b.  After the applicant has satisfactorily completed the            
      proposed training program which was deemed acceptable to the FAA,        
      a demonstration of the applicant's knowledge and flight                  
      proficiency will be required (for VFR flight only) if the                
      applicant has done one of the following:                                 
                                                                               
                (1)  Has satisfactorily completed the appropriate              
      military service qualification as outlined in paragraph 6a of            
      this appendix, but has not flown as pilot in command of any              
      turbine or piston-powered aircraft, as applicable, within the            
      preceding 3 months and has not logged 10 hours as pilot in               
      command in the particular type aircraft or in a "comparable" type        
      fighter or attack aircraft during the preceding 12 calendar              
      months;                                                                  
                                                                               
                (2)  Has satisfactorily completed the manufacturer's           
      PIC qualification as outlined in paragraph 6b of this appendix;          
      or                                                                       
                                                                               
                (3)  Has satisfactorily completed the training program         
      curriculum developed by the applicant as outlined in paragraph 6e        
      of this appendix.                                                        
                                                                               
           c.  The knowledge and flight proficiency demonstration will         
      be conducted by an FAA operations inspector in accordance with           
      the standards shown in FAA-S-8081-5, Airline Transport Pilot and         
      Type Rating Practical Test Standards (as amended).  The                  
      demonstration should include the maneuvers and procedures listed         
      under paragraphs 6c(1) through (8) and 6d(1) through (13) of this        
      appendix to the maximum extent possible and will include three           
      takeoffs and landings.  The flight may be observed from the              
      ground, from another aircraft, or may be conduced by an inspector        
      on board the aircraft being used for the test.  If conducted by          
      an inspector on board the aircraft, the aircraft must have fully         
      functioning dual controls.  Inspectors should exercise extreme           
      care when observing from a chase plane, and shall ensure proper          
      preflight and inflight coordination between the crews of the two         
      aircraft.  Inspectors assigned to administer such flight checks          
      should preferably have a background in military aircraft similar         
      to those in which the checks are given.  For surplus                     
      turbine-powered aircraft, inspectors must be initially qualified         
      in turbine powered aircraft under the provisions of FAA Order            
      8700.1, General Aviation Operations Inspector's Handbook.  If an         
      inspector with experience in similar military type turbine-              
      powered aircraft is unavailable, an inspector "well qualified,"          
      under the provisions of Order 8700.1, Volume II, Chapter 1,              
      Section 2, paragraph 13, may be designated by the appropriate            
      regional office in an LOA to conduct the flight check.                   
      8.  PRACTICAL TEST - SINGLE-PLACE AIRCRAFT.                              
                                                                               
           a.  After the applicant has gained proficiency, made three          
      takeoffs and landings, and logged at least 3 hours of flight time        
      in the type of single-place aircraft under a temporary LOA, a            
      demonstration of the applicant's knowledge and flight proficiency        
      will not be required (for VFR flight only) if the applicant has          
      satisfactorily completed the appropriate military qualification          
      checkout as training.                                                    
                                                                               
           b.  After the applicant has gained proficiency and made             
      three takeoffs and landings and logged at least 3 hours of flight        
      time in the type of single-place aircraft under a temporary LOA,         
      a demonstration of the applicant's knowledge and flight                  
      proficiency will be required (for VFR flight only) if the                
      applicant has satisfactorily completed the manufacturer's                
      checkout or has received an endorsement for aeronautical                 
      knowledge in this type or in a comparable aircraft.                      
                                                                               
           c.  The knowledge and flight proficiency demonstration will         
      be conducted by an FAA operations inspector in accordance with           
      the standards shown in FAA-S-8081-5, Airline Transport Pilot and         
      Type Rating Practical Test Standards (as amended).  The                  
      demonstration should include the maneuvers and procedures listed         
      under paragraphs 6c(1) through (8) and 6d(1) through (13) of this        
      appendix to the maximum extent possible and will include three           
      takeoffs and landings.  The flight may be observed from the              
      ground, or when necessary, observed from another aircraft.               
      Extreme care should be taken when utilizing a chase aircraft to          
      ensure proper preflight coordination is completed between the            
      crews.                                                                   
      9.  UNSATISFACTORY PRACTICAL TEST.  If an applicant does not             
      perform satisfactorily, the inspector may still issue a letter           
      giving the applicant credit for maneuvers performed                      
      satisfactorily.  The letter would allow credit for retesting             
      within 60 days of the failure, but the letter must clearly state         
      that it is not an LOA.  If an applicant's temporary LOA has              
      expired, the inspector may issue another temporary LOA to                
      authorize practice and proficiency flying for the retest.                
                                                                               
      10.  ISSUANCE OF AN LOA.                                                 
                                                                               
           a.  After the application has been received by the FSDO, the        
      appropriate training accepted and satisfactorily completed, and          
      the practical test administered and satisfactorily accomplished,         
      as appropriate, an LOA will be issued to the pilot applicant.            
                                                                               
           b.  The initial LOA for a turbine-powered aircraft will have        
      an expiration date but may be reissued as outlined in paragraph          
      14 of this appendix.  The initial LOA for a piston-powered               
      aircraft is also issued with an expiration date, but may be              
      reissued for an indefinite period.  Once a pilot has qualified in        
      three different types of single-engine or multi-engine                   
      piston-powered aircraft, at least one of which is a tail wheel           
      airplane, a single LOA without an expiration date may be issued.         
      This LOA would read, "All types and makes of high performance            
      single or multi-engine piston-powered airplanes."  This LOA must         
      contain the limitation that the pilot, before acting as PIC of           
      any high performance single- or multi-engine piston-powered              
      aircraft not previously authorized, shall obtain an endorsement          
      from an authorized LOA holder.                                           
                                                                               
           c.  A separate LOA shall be issued to the applicant for each        
      type of aircraft, either piston or turbine-powered.  Superseded          
      LOA's are not valid and should be surrendered.                           
                                                                               
           d.  Except for a temporary LOA, an initial LOA for a                
      turbine-powered aircraft is valid for 24 calendar months; for a          
      piston-powered aircraft, 12 calendar months.  A pilot who has            
      held a current LOA to operate that type of turbine-powered               
      airplane for the preceding 24 months, who meets the recency of           
      experience requirements in paragraph 13 of this appendix, and who        
      has established a record of safe operation, may be reissued an           
      LOA for another 24 months.  An LOA reissued for a piston-powered         
      aircraft is valid indefinitely.  Holders of expired LOA's for            
      turbine-powered aircraft may have their LOA's reissued for 24            
      calendar months provided they meet the recency of experience             
      requirements of paragraph 13 of this appendix or comply with the         
      requirements for initial issuance.                                       
                                                                               
      11.  DESIGNATION OF PERSONS OR ORGANIZATIONS AUTHORIZED TO               
      PROVIDE REQUIRED ENDORSEMENTS.  Various local and national               
      organizations have adopted comprehensive internal rules                  
      pertaining to pilot checkout in high performance aircraft.  Those        
      persons or organizations with a Letter of Operational Authority          
      may be designated to endorse an applicant for the issuance of an         
      LOA or for continued solo flight after a 6 calendar months period        
      of inactivity.  Procedures for issuance of a letter of                   
      operational authority are contained in FAA Order 8700.1, Volume          
      II, Chapter 32, Section 1, Paragraph 23.                                 
                                                                               
      12.  LIMITATIONS.                                                        
                                                                               
           a.  The appropriate provisions of parts 61 and 91 must be           
      adhered to.  Additional limitations to the LOA, other than those         
      associated with an experimental exhibition airworthiness                 
      certificate, may be issued when considered necessary by the FAA.         
      Examples of such limitations are as follows:                             
                                                                               
                (1)  "Supersonic flight is not authorized."                    
                                                                               
                (2)  "Aerobatic maneuvers are not authorized."                 
                                                                               
                (3)  "VFR only."                                               
                                                                               
                (4)  "Formation flight is not authorized."                     
                                                                               
                NOTE:  The FAA may remove specific limitations when the        
                applicant can justify to the FAA that the limitations          
                are no longer necessary, that safety would not be              
                derogated with the limitation removed, and that the            
                appropriate training has been accomplished.                    
                                                                               
           b.  Pilots should be reminded that no person may operate an         
      aircraft in formation flight, except by arrangement with the PIC         
      of each aircraft in the formation.  Formation flight demands             
      extreme vigilance on the part of the pilots involved.  Therefore,        
      before formation flight, a thorough preflight discussion is              
      paramount to flight safety.                                              
                                                                               
      13.  RECENCY OF EXPERIENCE.                                              
                                                                               
           a.  The holder of an LOA may not exercise the privileges of         
      that letter unless:                                                      
                                                                               
                (1)  Within the preceding 6 calendar months, the holder        
      has made at least three takeoffs and landings in one of the              
      models authorized or a comparable model.                                 
                                                                               
                (2)  After the 6 calendar months inactive period, the          
      holder has obtained the following:                                       
                                                                               
                     (a)  A flight review including the normal and             
      emergency (and abnormal if contained in the aircraft's checklist)        
      procedures and maneuvers in the particular type or comparable            
      type of aircraft.                                                        
                                                                               
                     (b)  The endorsement by the holder of a current           
      Letter of Operational Authority, so authorized by the FAA, who           
      has found the pilot competent to operate the aircraft safely, or         
      the endorsement of an organization that holds a letter of                
      operational authority issued by the FAA.                                 
                                                                               
      14.  INSTRUMENT PRIVILEGES.                                              
                                                                               
           a.  An applicant who desire instrument flight privileges on         
      the LOA must show compliance with the instrument flight                  
      competency specified in Section 61.63(d)(3).  Otherwise, a VFR           
      only limitation will be placed on the LOA.  This limitation will         
      be placed on the LOA for each type of aircraft for which the             
      applicant does not demonstrate instrument flight competency.             
                                                                               
           b.  If the applicant holds an instrument rating for aircraft        
      and supplies evidence of demonstration of instrument flight              
      competency, and the aircraft is properly equipped for instrument         
      flight rules and not limited by the operating limitations, a VFR         
      only limitation will not be placed on the LOA.                           
                                                                               
           c.  A pilot may have a VFR only limitation removed by               
      satisfactorily completing an instrument competency demonstration         
      within the 6 months preceding application for the limitation's           
      removal.                                                                 
                                                                               
           d.  Demonstration of instrument flight competency may be            
      conducted in the aircraft for which an LOA is sought or in a             
      simulator or "comparably" equipped aircraft.  A "comparably"             
      equipped aircraft should contain similar equipment to the                
      aircraft for which an LOA is sought for the instrument flight            
      competency demonstration.                                                
                                                                               
           e.  This demonstration may be conducted in conjunction with         
      that required by another operating rule or military instrument           
      proficiency check.                                                       
                                                                               
           f.  When the demonstration is conducted in a simulator or           
      "comparably" equipped aircraft, the applicant must demonstrate           
      competency based solely upon the equipment/crew complement               
      contained in the actual aircraft for which an LOA is sought.  For        
      example, if the aircraft does not require a second-in-command or         
      does not have an auto pilot system, then the applicant may not           
      utilize a second-in-command or an auto pilot for the instrument          
      flight competency demonstration.                                         
                                                                               
           g.  In the case of a single-place aircraft, demonstration of        
      instrument competency may be given in a simulator or two-place           
      aircraft that adequately duplicates the characteristics of the           
      single-place aircraft.                                                   
                                                                               
      15.  PILOT-IN-COMMAND PROFICIENCY CHECKS.  If an experimental            
      airworthiness certificate requires more than one pilot                   
      crewmember, the pilot in command must comply with part 61 Section        
      61.58.  In addition, the second-in-command must be qualified in          
      accordance with part 61 Section 61.55.                                   
                                                                               
                                                                               
      U.S. Department                                                          
      of Transportation                                                        
                                                                               
      Federal Aviation                                                         
      Administration                                                           
                                                                               
                                                                               
                       Directive Feedback Information                          
                                                                               
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      it.                                                                      
                                                                               
      Subject:  Order ___________________________________                      
                                                                               
      To:  Directive Management Officer, AIR-520_______________________        
                                                                               
      (Please check all appropriate line items)                                
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      |_| An error (procedural or typographical) has been noted in             
          paragraph __________ on page __________.                             
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          follows:  (attach separate sheet if necessary)                       
                                                                               
      ___                                                                      
      |_| In a future change to this directive, please include coverage        
          on the following subject (briefly describe what you want             
          added):                                                              
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
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