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8900.1 CHG 568

VOLUME 1  GENERAL INSPECTOR GUIDANCE AND INFORMATION

Indicates new/changed information.

CHAPTER 1  ORDER ORGANIZATION, USE, AND REVISION

Section 3  Safety Assurance System: Acronyms and Abbreviations

1-46    GENERAL. Many acronyms and abbreviations for both old as well as new aviation terms are used throughout this order. Inspectors can refer to the following alphabetical listing of frequently used acronyms and abbreviations and their meanings when using this order.

Table 1-1.  Acronyms and Abbreviations

Indicates new/changed information.

A4A

Airlines for America

AAA

Analysis, Assessment, and Action

AATD

Advanced Aviation Training Device

AC

Advisory Circular

ACARS

Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System

ACDE

Air Carrier Designated Examiner

ACS

Airman Certification Standards

ACO

Aircraft Certification Office

AD

Airworthiness Directive

ADE

Aircrew Designated Examiner

ADF

Automatic Direction Finder

ADR

Advisory Route

ADS-B

Automatic Dependent Surveillance—Broadcast

AEG

Aircraft Evaluation Group

AEM

Area Equivalent Method

AES

Automated Exemption System

AFCGS

Automatic Flight Control Guidance System

A/FD

Airport/Facility Directory (recently retitled Chart Supplements U.S.)

AFE

Above Field Elevation

AFGS

Auto Flight Guidance System

AFM

Airplane Flight Manual

AFSS

Automated Flight Service Station

AFTN

Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Network

AFX-1

Executive Director, Flight Standards Service

AGC

Office of the Chief Counsel

AGL

Above Ground Level

AH

Alert Height for Category III Operations

AIA

Office of International Aviation

AIM

Aeronautical Information Manual

AIP

Aeronautical Information Publication

AIRMET

Airmen’s Meteorological Information

AITT

Action Item Tracking Tool

ALPA

Air Line Pilots Association International

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

AMM

Aircraft Maintenance Manual

AOPA

Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association

APD

Aircrew Program Designee

APM

Aircrew Program Manager

APU

Auxiliary Power Unit

AQP

Advanced Qualification Program

ARA

Airborne Radar Approach

ARFF

Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting

ARINC

Aeronautical Radio, Inc.

ASA

Aviation Safety Assistant

ASAP

Aviation Safety Action Program

ASDE

Airport Surface Detection Equipment

ASHP

Aviation Safety and Health Program

ASI

Aviation Safety Inspector

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System

ASR

Airport Surveillance Radar

AST

Aviation Safety Technician

ATC

Air Traffic Control

ATCO

Air Taxi Commercial Operator

ATD

Aviation Training Device

ATIS

Automatic Terminal Information Service

ATP

Airline Transport Pilot

ATS

Air Traffic Service

AUG

Automation User Guide

AVN

Aviation Standards National Field Office

AVS–1

Associate Administrator for Aviation Safety

AWOS

Automated Weather Observing System

AWTA

All Weather Terminal Area Operation

AZI

Azimuth Instrument Approach

BATD

Basic Aviation Training Device

CAA

Civil Aeronautics Administration

CAB

Civil Aeronautics Board

CAM

Civil Aeronautics Manual

CAMP

Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program

CAN

Center Area NOTAM

CAP

Comprehensive Assessment Plan

CAR

Civil Aviation Regulation

CBI

Computer-Based Instruction

C DCT

Custom Data Collection Tool

CDL

Configuration Deviation List

CDTI

Cockpit Display of Traffic Information

CDU

Control Display Unit

CEP

Central East Pacific

CFI

Certificated Flight Instructor

CFM

Company Flight Manual

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CG

Center of Gravity

CHAT

Certificate Holder Assessment Tool

CHDO

Certificate-Holding District Office

CHEP

Certificate Holder Evaluation Process

CHOP

Certificate Holder Operating Profile

CIG

Component Inoperative Guide

CL

Centerline

CMO

Certificate Management Office

CMT

Certificate Management Team

CMU

Communications Management Unit

COS

Continual Operational Safety

CPDLC

Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication

CPM

Certification Project Manager

CPT

Certification Project Team

CRAF

Civil Reserve Air Fleet

CRM

Crew Resource Management

CSI

Cabin Safety Inspector

CSOP

Certification Service Oversight Process

CSP

Comprehensive Surveillance Plan

CTAF

Common Traffic Advisory Frequency

CVFP

Charted Visual Flight Procedures

DA

Density Altitude

DBA

Doing Business As

DCT

Data Collection Tool

DFEE

Designated Flight Engineer Examiner

DGPS

Differential Global Positioning System

DH

Decision Height

DIS

Dynamic Information System

DME

Distance Measuring Equipment

DNL

Decibel Noise Level

DO

Director of Operations

DOD

Department of Defense

DOL

Department of Labor

DOR

Dynamic Observation Report

DOT

Department of Transportation

DPA

Decision Point Altitude

DPE

Designated Pilot Examiner

DR

Dead Reckoning

DUAT

Direct User Access Terminal

DWFAF

Downwind Final Approach Position

EA

Environmental Assessment

EAP

Employee Assistance Program

EASA

European Aviation Safety Agency

ED DCT

Element Design Data Collection Tool

EDA

Element Design Assessment

EFB

Electronic Flight Bag

EIR

Enforcement Investigation Report

EIS

Enforcement Information System

EIS

Environmental Impact Statement

EMP

Essential Maintenance Provider

EMS/A

Emergency Medical Services/Airplane

EP DCT

Element Performance Data Collection Tool

EPA

Element Performance Assessment

EPR

Exhaust Pressure Ratio

ER-OPS

Extended-Range Operations

ERC

Event Review Committee

ERT

Extended Review Team

ETA

Estimated Time of Arrival

ETE

Estimated Time En Route

ETOPS

Extended Operations

eVID

Enhanced Vital Information Database

EWINS

Enhanced Weather Information System

F/A

Flight Attendant

FA

Forecasts Area

FA Act

Federal Aviation Act of 1958

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration

FAF

Final Approach Fix

FAR

Federal Aviation Regulations

FBO

Fixed-Base Operator

FD

Flight Director

FDE

Fault Detection and Exclusion

FE

Flight Engineer

FFS

Full Flight Simulator

FIAO

Flight Inspection Area Office

FIFO

Flight Inspection Field Office

FIR

Flight Information Region

FL

Flight Level

FMF

Flight Movement Forecast

FMRB

Flight Manual Review Board

FMS

Flight Management System

FOD

Foreign Object Damage

FOEB

Flight Operations Evaluation Board

FOIA

Freedom of Information Act

FONSI

Finding of No Significant Impact

FOPB

Flight Operations Policy Board

FOPM

Flight Operations Policy Manual

Indicates new/changed information.

FSAIC

Flight Standards Safety Analysis Information Center

FSAS

Flight Standards Automation System

FSAT

Flight Standards Information Bulletin for Air Transportation

FSB

Flight Standardization Board

FSDO

Flight Standards District Office

FSIB

Flight Standards Information Bulletin

FSIMS

Flight Standards Information Management System

FSIS

Flight Standards Information System

FSS

Flight Service Station

FSTD

Flight Simulation Training Device

FT

Forecast Terminal

FTD

Flight Training Device

FTE

Flight Technical Error

GCNP-SFRA

Grand Canyon National Park-Special Flight Rules Area

GLS

GPS Landing System

GMM

General Maintenance Manual

GNSS

Global Navigation Satellite System

GOM

General Operations Manual

GPS

Global Positioning System

GS

Groundspeed

GSGC

Ground School Graduation Certificate

GTD

Ground Training Device

HAA

Height Above Airport (nonprecision approach)

HAT

Height Above Touchdown (precision approach)

hazmat

Hazardous Materials

HBAT

Flight Standards Handbook Bulletin for Air Transportation

HEDA

Helicopter En Route Descent Area

HEMES

Helicopter Hospital Emergency Medical Evacuation Service

HF

High Frequency (3 to 3 MHz)

HGS

Head-Up-Guidance System

HIRL

High Intensity Runway Light

HMR

Hazardous Material Regulation

HQ

Headquarters

HUD

Head-Up Display

IAF

Initial Approach Fix

IAP

Instrument Approach Procedure

IAS

Indicated Airspeed

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IAW

In Accordance With

ICA

Instructions for Continued Airworthiness

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

IFO

International Field Office

IFR

Instrument Flight Rules

ILS

Instrument Landing System

IM

Inner Marker

IMC

Instrument Meteorological Conditions

INM

Integrated Noise Model

INS

Inertial Navigation System

IOC

Initial Operational Capability

IRA

Instrument Rating Airplane

IRS

Inertial Reference System

IRU

Inertial Reference Units

ISARP

International Standard and Recommended Practice

ISIS

Integrated Safety Information Subsystem

JAD

Job Aid Disc

JTA

Job Task Analysis

Km

Kilometer

LAN

Local Area Network

LAWRS

Limited Aviation Weather Reporting Station

LDA

Localizer-Type Directional Aid

Lf

Low Frequency (30 to 300 kHz)

LIRL

Low Intensity Runway Light

LLWS

Low-Level Wind Shear

LNAV

Lateral Navigation

LOA

Letter of Authorization

LOE

Line Operational Evaluation

LOFT

Line-Oriented Flight Training

LOI

Letter of Investigation

LOP

Line of Position

LOS

Line-Operational Simulation

LRA

Lowest Radar Altitude

MAP

Missed Approach Point

MCT

Maximum Continuous Thrust

MDA

Minimum Descent Altitude (nonprecision approach)

MDPR

Master Differences Program Requirement

MEL

Minimum Equipment List

MF

Medium Frequency

MHz

Megahertz

MID

Mid Runway Rollout

MIDO

Manufacturing Inspection District Office

MIRL

Medium Intensity Runway Light

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

MRB

Maintenance Review Board

MSG

Maintenance Steering Group

MSL

Mean Sea Level

MTOW

Maximum Takeoff Weight

NADP

Noise Abatement Departure Profile

NAO

Noise Abatement Officer

NAS

National Airspace System

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAT

North Atlantic Track

NAT HLA

North Atlantic High Level Airspace

NATA

National Air Transportation Association

NAT/OPS

North Atlantic Operation

NAVAID

Navigational Aid

NDB

Non-Directional Radio Homing Beacon

NEPA

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

NFDC

National Flight Data Center Office of the Asst. Secretary of Defense

NFDD

National Flight Data Digest

NM

Nautical Mile

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOPAC

North Pacific

NOS

National Ocean Service

NOTAM

Notice to Airmen

NPG

National Program Guidelines

NPRM

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

NSPM

National Simulator Program Manager

NST

National Standardization Team

NTSB

National Transportation Safety Board

NWS

National Weather Service

OAT

Outside Air Temperature

OC

Obstruction Chart

OCA

Obstacle Clearance Altitude

OCH

Obstacle Clearance Height

OCL

Obstacle Clearance Limit

ODS

Obstruction Data Sheet

OE

Operating Experience

OIG

DOT Office of the Inspector General

OJT

On-the-Job Training

OpSpecs

Operations Specifications

ORA

Operations Research Analyst

OSAP

Offshore Standard Approach Procedure

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OST

Office of the Secretary of Transportation

OTNA

Operational Training Needs Assessment

PA

Performance Assessment

PAI

Principal Avionics Inspector

PANS-OPS

Procedures for Air Navigation Services Aircraft Operations

PAR

Precision Approach Radar

PASI

Preapplication Statement of Intent

PASS

Professional Airways Systems Specialists

PATCO

Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

PATWAS

Pilots Automatic Telephone Weather Answering Service

PCA

Positive Control Area

PCB

Production Certification Board

PF

Pilot Flying

PIC

Pilot in Command

PIREP

Pilot Weather Report

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

PM

Pilot Monitoring

PMI

Principal Maintenance Inspector

PMMEL

Proposed Master Minimum Equipment List

POI

Principal Operations Inspector

POM

Pilot Operating Manual

PPM

Partial Program Manager

PRD

Planned Redispatch

PRIA

Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996

PRM

Precision Runway Monitor

PRR

Planned Rerelease

PSI

Principal Security Inspector

PTRS

Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem

PTS

Practical Test Standards

QICP

Qualified Internet Communications Provider

RAA

Regional Airline Association

RAIM

Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring

RCH

Runway Crossing Height

RCLM

Runway Centerline Marking

RFM

Rotorcraft Flight Manual

RFT

Recurrent Flight Training

RMA

Radar Minimum Altitude

RMP

Risk Management Process

RNAV

Area Navigation

RNP

Required Navigation Performance

ROC

Regional Operations Center

RSI

Remotely Sited Geographic Aviation Safety Inspector

RVO

Runway Visibility by Observer

RVR

Runway Visual Range

RVSM

Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum

RVV

Runway Visibility Value

RWBC

Regional Whistleblower Coordinator

SA

Selective Availability

SAFE

Aviation Safety Analysis and Functional Evaluation

SARA

Special Airport/Route Authorization

SAS

Safety Assurance System

SAS DA

Safety Assurance System Design Assessment

SASO

System Approach for Safety Oversight

SAT

System Analysis Team

SATCOM

Satellite Communication

SAWRS

Supplementary Aviation Weather Reporting Station

SDE

School Designated Examiner

SEC

Special Enforcement Consideration

SEIFR

Single-Engine Instrument Flight Rules

SFAR

Special Federal Aviation Regulations

SIAP

Standard Instrument Approach Procedure

SIC

Second in Command

SID

Standard Instrument Departure

SIGMET

Significant Meteorological Information

SIP

Surveillance Improvement Process

SLRCS

Single Long-Range Communication System

S-LRNS

Single Long-Range Navigation System

sm

Statute Mile

SMGCS

Surface Movement Guidance and Control System

SMS

Safety Management System

SOE

Supervised Operating Experience

SP DCT

System/Subsystem Performance Data Collection Tool

SPAS

Safety Performance Analysis System

SPO

Supporting Proficiency Objectives

SPOT

Special Purpose Operational Training

SRR

Specific Regulatory Requirement

STAR

Standard Terminal Arrival Route

STC

Supplemental Type Certificate (or Certification)

STOL

Short Takeoff and Landing

SVT

Single-Visit Training

SYSOP

Systems Operator

TACAN

Tactical Air Navigational Aid

TAS

True Airspeed

TBD

To Be Developed

TC

Team Coordinator

TC

Type Certificate

TCAS

Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System

TCDS

Type Certificate Data Sheet

TCE

Training Center Evaluator

TCH

Threshold Crossing Height

TCO

Training Course Outline

TCPM

Training Center Program Manager

TDZ

Touchdown Zone

TERPS

Terminal Instrument Procedures

TLS

Transponder Landing System

TPO

Terminal Proficiency Objectives

TSA

Transportation Security Administration

TSO

Technical Standard Order

TWEB

Transcribed Weather Broadcast

UHF

Ultrahigh Frequency (300 MHz to 3 GHz)

UNICOM

Aeronautical Advisory Station

U.S.C.

United States Code

USNOF

United States NOTAM Office

UTC

Universal Coordinated Time

VASI

Visual Approach Slope Indicator

VERTOL

Vertical Takeoff and Landing

VFR

Visual Flight Rules

VHF

Very High Frequency (30 to 300 MHz)

VLF

Very Low Frequency

VMC

Visual Meteorological Conditions

VNAV

Vertical Navigation

VPN

Virtual Private Network

VOR

Very High Frequency Omni-Directional Range

VOR/DME

Very High Frequency Omni-Directional Range/Distance Measuring Equipment

VORTAC

VHF Omnidirectional Range Station/Tactical Air Navigation

VSI

Vertical Speed Indicator

WAAS

Wide Area Augmentation System

WBPP

Whistleblower Protection Program

WebOPSS

Web-based Operation Safety System

RESERVED. Paragraphs 1-47 through 1-60.