10/16/17

 

8900.1 CHG 415

VOLUME 3  GENERAL TECHNICAL ADMINISTRATION

CHAPTER 20  CHECK AIRMAN, INSTRUCTOR, AND SUPERVISOR PROGRAMS FOR TITLE 14 CFR PART 121 AND 135 CERTIFICATE HOLDERS

Section 5 Safety Assurance System: General—Part 135 Certificate Holders

Indicates new/changed information.

Source Basis:

    Section 135.291, Applicability.

    Section 135.293, Initial and Recurrent Pilot Testing Requirements.

    Section 135.295, Initial and Recurrent Flight Attendant Crewmember Testing Requirements.

    Section 135.297, Pilot in Command: Instrument Proficiency Check Requirements.

    Section 135.299, Pilot in Command: Line Checks: Routes and Airports.

    Section 135.321, Applicability and Terms Used.

    Section 135.323, Training Program: General.

    Section 135.324, Training Program: Special Rules.

    Section 135.329, Crewmember Training Requirements.

    Section 135.337, Qualifications: Check Airmen (Aircraft) and Check Airmen (Simulator).

    Section 135.338, Qualifications: Flight Instructors (Aircraft) and Flight Instructors (Simulator).

    Section 135.339, Initial and Transition Training and Checking: Check Airmen (Aircraft), Check Airmen (Simulator).

    Section 135.340, Initial and Transition Training and Checking: Flight Instructors (Aircraft), Flight Instructors (Simulator).

    Section 135.341, Pilot and Flight Attendant Crewmember Training Programs.

    Section 135.351, Recurrent Training.

3-20-5-1    OBJECTIVE. This guidance specifically applies to check pilots and instructors within the training environment and as defined by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 135, §§ 135.321, 135.337, 135.338, 135.339, and 135.340. This guidance provides inspectors with information related to instructors, check pilots, and supervisor programs related to part 135 certificate holders. This section is related to Safety Assurance System (SAS) Element 2.1.2 (OP) Training of Check Airmen and Instructors.

3-20-5-3    INTRODUCTION. Sections 5 through 7 contain guidance concerning check pilots, air transportation instructors, and supervisor programs for part 135 certificate holders.

A.    Section 5. This section addresses the roles and purposes of check pilots, air transportation flight instructors, and air transportation ground instructors and supervisors. Also in this section are regulatory requirements, qualifications, and functional responsibilities.

B.    Section 6. This section addresses Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval and surveillance of part 135 check pilots.

C.    Section 7. This section addresses training requirements for part 135 check pilots and air transportation flight instructors.

3-20-5-5    REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS.

A.    Qualification and Training Requirements for Part 135 Certificate Holders.

1)    Section 135.323(a)(2) requires certificate holders to provide enough qualified ground instructors to conduct the ground training required by part 135.
2)    Section 135.323(a)(4) requires certificate holders to provide enough flight instructors and check pilots to conduct the flight training and flight checks required by part 135.
3)    Section 135.323(c) specifies that each instructor, supervisor, or check pilot responsible for a particular training subject or curriculum segment (including ground and flight training segments and flight checks or competency checks) shall certify as to the proficiency and knowledge of the individuals upon completion of that training or check.
4)    Section 135.324 specifies that each check pilot, air transportation ground instructor, or air transportation flight instructor must be working for, and under the direct operational control of, the certificate holder, another part 135 certificate holder, or a 14 CFR part 142 training center.
5)    Sections 135.337 and 135.339 specify the qualification and training requirements for check pilots (see Figure 3‑20‑5A).
6)    Sections 135.338 and 135.340 specify the qualification and training requirements for flight instructors (see Figure 3‑20‑5A).

Figure 3-20-5A.  Qualification and Training Requirements for Check Pilots and Flight Instructors

Figure 3-20-5A. Qualification and Training Requirements for Check Pilots and Flight Instructors

3-20-5-7    DEFINITIONS. For purposes of standardization, the following definitions apply to check pilots, air transportation flight and ground instructors, and supervisors.

A.    Check Pilot/Check Airman. A check pilot is an airman approved by the FAA who has the appropriate knowledge, training, experience, and demonstrated ability to evaluate and to certify the knowledge and skills of other pilots.

NOTE:  The new terms “check pilot” and “check Flight Engineer (FE)” are replacing the older term “check airman” in regulations and guidance, and are synonymous with “check airman.”

B.    Air Transportation Flight Instructor. An air transportation flight instructor is an airman (designated by a part 135 certificate holder) who has the appropriate knowledge, training, experience, and demonstrated ability to instruct other flightcrew members in a flight training segment (curriculum segment) of that certificate holder’s training program.

NOTE:  An airtransportation flight instructor is not required to hold an FAA Flight Instructor Certificate when instructing in part 135 training programs.

C.    Air Transportation Ground Instructor. An air transportation ground instructor is a person selected and qualified by a part 135 certificate holder who has the appropriate knowledge, experience, training, and demonstrated ability to instruct crewmembers or aircraft dispatchers in curriculum segments other than flight training.

NOTE:  An air transportation ground instructor is not required to hold an FAA Flight Instructor Certificate or FAA Ground Instructor Certificate when instructing in part 135 training programs.

D.    Supervisor. For purposes of this section, a supervisor is an individual employed by a part 135 certificate holder who is authorized by that certificate holder to conduct testing for flight attendants (F/A).

3-20-5-9    CHECK PILOT ROLES AND CHARACTERISTICS. The role of the check pilot is to ensure that the flightcrew member has met competency standards before the check pilot releases the flightcrew member from training and to ensure that the flightcrew member maintains those standards while remaining in line service. Effective training and use of check pilots by a certificate holder ensures that flightcrew members are standardized in their job performance. A check pilot must be knowledgeable in the applicable requirements of 14 CFR parts 61, 91, 110, 119, and 135; other applicable FAA policies; safe operating practices; and the certificate holder’s policies and procedures. Once approved, the check pilot’s manner and professional reputation should always reflect positively upon the employer and the FAA.

NOTE:  Under current regulations, there is no specified normal term of expiration for approvals of check pilots. At his or her discretion, the principal operations inspector (POI) may grant, limit, or withdraw a check pilot’s approval.

3-20-5-11    CLASSIFICATIONS AND FUNCTIONS OF CHECK PILOTS.

A.    Check Pilot Categories. Qualification and training are established by the regulatory requirements of §§ 135.337 and 135.339 and are specific to the categories of the check pilots. The regulations organize check pilots into two categories with specific qualification requirements for each. The categories of check pilots are:

    Check Pilot—Aircraft, and

    Check Pilot—Simulator.

B.    Functions. The specific functions for which a check pilot may be authorized are not defined by part 135 to allow for flexibility during the issuance of check pilot approvals. The available check pilot approvals are as follows:

1)    Check Pilot—Aircraft.
Indicates new/changed information.
a)    Section 135.293 competency check and § 135.297 proficiency check, with the following optional functions:

1.    Section 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(8) written or oral test for multiple airplanes;

2.    Section 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(9) written or oral test for multiple rotorcraft; or

3.    Section 135.293 (a)(1) and (4)(9) written or oral test for airplanes and rotorcraft.

b)    Section 135.299 line check and § 135.244 Operating Experience (OE), if applicable, observer’s seat only or all seats (left, right, observer’s), with the following optional functions:

1.    Section 135.293(a) written or oral test and/or § 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(8) written or oral test for multiple airplanes;

2.    Section 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(9) written or oral test for multiple rotorcraft; or

3.    Section 135.293 (a)(1) and (4) through (9) written or oral test for airplanes and rotorcraft.

2)    Check Pilot—Simulator. Section 135.293 competency check and § 135.297 proficiency check, with the following optional functions:
a)    Section 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(8) written or oral test for multiple airplanes;
b)    Section 135.293(a)(1) and (4)(9) written or oral test for multiple rotorcraft; or
c)    Section 135.293 (a)(1) and (4)(9) written or oral test for airplanes and rotorcraft.
3)    All Check Pilots.
a)    Special checks conducted as a qualification curriculum segment of the certificate holder’s training program, provided the check pilot is qualified in the specific activity for which he or she is conducting the special check (such as Category (CAT) II and CAT III operations).
b)    Training and checking in special operations as a module of the certificate holder’s approved training program, provided that the check pilot is qualified in the specific operations for which he or she is conducting training or checking (special airports or international routes).

3-20-5-13    AIR TRANSPORTATION INSTRUCTOR ROLE AND CHARACTERISTICS. An air transportation instructor is a person employed by a certificate holder for the purpose of training crewmembers in a part 135 certificate holder’s approved training program. Air transportation instructors must be knowledgeable in the applicable requirements of parts 61, 91, 110, 119, and 135; other applicable FAA policies; safe operating practices; and the certificate holder’s policies and procedures. An air transportation instructor should possess effective communication skills and a manner that always reflects professionalism and a positive attitude toward safety.

3-20-5-15    AIR TRANSPORTATION FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS. An air transportation flight instructor (aircraft) may conduct flight training in aircraft or a flight simulation training device (FSTD). An air transportation flight instructor (simulator) may conduct flight training only in an FSTD.

A.    Qualifications and Training. For initial and continuing authorization as a flight instructor (aircraft or simulator), an airman must meet the qualification and training requirements found in §§ 135.338 and 135.340 as applicable to the instructor functions requested.

B.    Authorized Activities. An air transportation flight instructor (aircraft or simulator), when authorized by the certificate holder, may conduct the following flight instruction activities when properly trained for the function. Instructors may provide:

1)    Flight instruction in the certificate holder’s approved training program.
2)    Certification of the satisfactory proficiency and knowledge of flightcrew members after completion of a flight training curriculum segment or flight training module.

3-20-5-17    AIR TRANSPORTATION GROUND INSTRUCTOR.

A.    Training and Qualification. An individual must meet the certificate holder’s training and qualification requirements to conduct ground instruction.

B.    Authorized Activities. An air transportation ground instructor, when qualified and authorized by the certificate holder, may conduct the following:

1)    Ground instruction in the certificate holder’s approved training program.
2)    Certification of the satisfactory proficiency and knowledge of crewmembers and aircraft dispatchers after completion of a ground training curriculum segment or module.

C.    Training and Qualification Records. The certificate holder must maintain documentation of the training and qualification for each air transportation ground instructor, and must make that documentation available for inspection by the FAA upon request.

3-20-5-19    SUPERVISOR ROLE AND CHARACTERISTICS. The role of the supervisor is to ensure that the F/A meets the competency standards by demonstrating knowledge and ability in the training subjects required by part 135. A supervisor must be knowledgeable in the applicable requirements of parts 91, 110, 119, and 135; other applicable FAA policies; safe operating practices; and the certificate holder’s policies and procedures.

A.    Training and Qualification. An air carrier operating under part 135 engaged in passenger‑carrying operations may be required or desire to establish and maintain a program to train and qualify F/A supervisors. An individual must successfully complete the appropriate training curriculum and testing to qualify as an F/A supervisor. To maintain qualification, F/A supervisors must successfully complete recurrent training and testing.

B.    Authorized Activities. An F/A supervisor, when qualified and authorized by the certificate holder, may conduct the following:

1)    Initial and recurrent F/A testing.
2)    Certification of the satisfactory proficiency and knowledge of F/As after completion of testing.

C.    Training and Qualification Records. The certificate holder must maintain documentation of the training and qualification for each F/A supervisor, and must make that documentation available for inspection by the FAA upon request.

3-20-5-21 through 3-20-5-35 RESERVED.