Volume 3 General Technical Administration
CHAPTER 54 PART 142 TRAINING CENTERS
Section 1 Part 142 Training Centers: Training Center and Training Center Program Manager
3-4331 PURPOSE. This chapter incorporates the Title
14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)
part 142 training center guidance previously located in Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) Order 8700.1, General Aviation Operations Inspectors Handbook,
chapters 148 through 154. This chapter supersedes all previous guidance issued
concerning FAA policy and procedures for the management of
part 142 training centers.
3-4332 BACKGROUND. Prior to the implementation
142, regulations did not permit organizations other than certificated air
carriers to use qualified simulators or flight training devices (FTD) to conduct
the training, checking, or testing to qualify flight crewmembers. To acknowledge
the advantages of modern simulation technology, the FAA issued various regulatory
exemptions to training organizations that enabled them to conduct required training,
checking, or testing in flight simulation devices. In 1996, part
142 was implemented and provided the regulatory basis to enable certificated
training centers to use approved curriculums, qualified instructors, and authorized
evaluators to conduct the training, testing, and checking of airmen in qualified
simulators and FTDs. In addition to adopting part
142, the FAA also revised applicable sections of 14 CFR parts
91 subpart K (part
141 to afford a means for crediting the training, testing, and checking
accomplished in flight simulators toward the flight training requirements of
those parts. The certification of
part 142 training centers also made additional resources available to air
135)) to enable them to enter into agreements with a training center to
conduct ground and simulator flight training and checking for their crewmembers.
With approval of the operator’s principal operations inspector (POI), an operator
may use a training center to conduct portions of the operator’s approved training
program. This provision has enabled certificated part
142 training centers to provide a valuable service to operators who would
otherwise not have the benefit of using flight simulation training devices (FSTD)
to use in their crewmember training curriculums.
3-4333 GENERAL. Part 142 permits a certificated
training center to use approved simulators, FTDs, and aircraft in conjunction
with approved curriculums, qualified instructors, and evaluators to accomplish
airman training, testing, and checking to meet the requirements of parts 61
and 63. Title 14 CFR part
119 air operators conducting operations under parts
135 as well as operators under part
91K and 14 CFR part 137 may, under certain conditions, permit training centers to
conduct the required training and checking of their crewmembers. Conditions
under which an air operator may permit a training center to conduct required
training, testing, and checking are outlined later in this section.
3-4334 DEFINITIONS. The following definitions are
provided to clarify their use as they pertain to this chapter and part 142 training centers. Other training and technical terms not specifically
listed, but which appear in this section, carry the same definition and/or connotation
used elsewhere within this order, 14 CFR part 1, and/or other appropriate FAA
A. Advanced Flight Training Device (AFTD). For
the purpose of this chapter and the certification of part 142 training centers,
the term AFTD means a Level 6 or 7 FTD as approved and described in 14 CFR part
B. Air Carrier and Air Operator (“Carrier” or “Operator”).
As used in this chapter, these terms are interchangeable and apply to each person
operating or intending to operate civil aircraft as an air carrier or commercial
operator, in air commerce. These terms also refer to any operator who receives
an air carrier or operator certificate authorizing operations under parts
135; and for the purpose of this chapter also applies to fractional ownership
programs under part 91K.
C. Assistant Training Center Program Manager (Assistant
TCPM). A certificate-holding district office (CHDO) may, depending on staffing
authorizations and standards, assign an assistant TCPM to assist the Training
Center Program Manager (TCPM). As the TCPM’s assistant, assistant TCPMs typically
participate in the full range of TCPM duties. The TCPM maintains technical oversight
for the center; however, based on a center’s activity, the CHDO may or may not
assign an assistant TCPM to a particular certificate.
D. Checking. An operation associated with the initial,
requalification, and recurring evaluation (e.g., flight review, proficiency
check, etc.) of an airman’s or other individual’s qualifications.
E. Class I, II, III Airport Models. See part 60.
F. Contract Check Airman. An individual that is
not an employee of the operator who has been authorized in accordance with the
operator’s training program (and part
121.402 or part
135, § 135.324 as appropriate) to conduct certain evaluations on behalf of the
operator pursuant to a contractual or other arrangement. Contract check airman
must remain fully qualified as a flight instructor for a training center or
other air operator under the same part as the basis for qualification as a contract
check airman. All contract check airman must be authorized by the operators
POI in accordance with the procedures in this order.
NOTE: The term “contract check airman” has been developed
by the FAA to describe individuals who are employees of a training center or
another certificate holder under the same CFR part who has been authorized to
provide check airman functions for the operator.
91K uses the term “check pilot” when referring to an individual who has
been authorized by a POI to conduct certain tests and checks on behalf of the
135 use the terms “check airman” and “check pilot” when referring to individuals
who have been authorized to conduct certain tests and checks on behalf of the
125 uses the term “check airman” throughout. As a matter of Air Transportation
Division (AFS-200) policy the terms “check airman” and “check pilot” are interchangeable
and considered synonymous.
G. Contract Instructor. An employee of a part 142 training center who is properly nominated, trained, qualified, and authorized
by an air operator’s POI. The FAA developed the term “contract instructor” to
distinguish between an instructor employed by the operator (instructor) and
one who is not an employee of the operator (contract instructor).
H. Core Curriculums. A set of courses approved
by the Administrator for use by a training center and its satellite training
centers. A core curriculum consists of training which is required for certification.
It does not include training for tasks and circumstances unique to a particular
user. Each training center must have at least one approved core curriculum.
I. Course. This means either (1) a program of instruction
to obtain pilot certification, qualification, authorization, or currency; or
(2) a program of instruction to meet a specified number of requirements of a
program for pilot training, certification, qualification, authorization, or
currency. (The third definition of “course” in part
142.3 is no longer valid because the references are obsolete.)
J. Courseware. Instructional material developed
for each curriculum. This includes, but is not limited to, information in lesson
plans, instructor guides, computer software programs, audiovisual programs,
workbooks, aircraft operating manuals, and handouts. Courseware must accurately
reflect curriculum requirements, be effectively organized, and properly integrate
with instructional delivery methods. Courseware is an integral portion of a
curriculum or course, and is subject to approval in accordance with §
K. Curriculum Segment. The largest subdivision
of a curriculum containing broadly related training subjects and activities
based on regulatory requirements. Curriculum segments are logical subdivisions
of a curriculum which can be separately evaluated and individually approved.
Examples are a “ground training” segment and a “flight training” segment. Each
curriculum segment consists of one or more training modules.
L. Element. An integral part of a training, checking,
or qualification module that is not task oriented but subject oriented. For
example, an “electrical power” ground training module may include such elements
as a DC power system, an AC power system, and circuit protection.
M. Event. An integral part of a training, checking,
or qualification module which is task oriented and requires the use of a specific
procedure or procedures. A training event provides a student an opportunity
for instruction, demonstration, and/or practice using specific procedures. A
checking or qualification event provides an evaluator the opportunity to evaluate
a student’s ability to correctly accomplish a specific task without instruction
N. Fleet Training Program Manager (FTPM). An FAA-qualified
inspector assigned to support a part 142 principal training center’s curriculum for a specific fleet or aircraft
type/group/category. FTPMs report to the principal center’s TCPM and may be
remotely assigned inspectors.
O. Flight Simulation Training Device (FSTD). A
full flight simulator (FFS) or a flight training device (FTD).
P. Flight Training Device (FTD). A replica of aircraft
instruments, equipment, panels, and controls in an open flight deck area or
an enclosed aircraft flight deck replica. It includes the equipment and computer
programs necessary to represent aircraft (or set of aircraft) operations in
ground and flight conditions having the full range of capabilities of the systems
installed in the device as described in part 60 and the qualification performance
standard (QPS) for a specific FTD qualification level.
Q. Foreign Training Center. A training center or
satellite training center that is located outside of the 50 United States.
R. Full Flight Simulator (FFS). A replica of a
specific type, make, model, or series aircraft. It includes the equipment and
computer programs necessary to represent aircraft operations in ground and flight
conditions, a visual system providing an out-of-the-flight deck view, a system
that provides cues at least equivalent to those of a three‑degree‑of‑freedom
motion system. The FFS also has the full range of capabilities of the systems
installed in the device as described in part 60 and the QPS for a specific FFS
S. Module. A module is a subpart of a curriculum
segment, which constitutes a logical, self-contained unit. A module contains
elements or events, which relate to a specific subject. For example, a ground
training curriculum segment could logically be divided into modules pertaining
to aircraft systems (such as hydraulic, pneumatic, and electrical). As another
example, a flight training curriculum segment is normally divided into flight
periods, each of which is a separate module. A training module includes the
outline, appropriate courseware, and the instructional delivery methods. It
is usually, but not necessarily, completed in a single training session.
T. Partial Program Manager (PPM). PPMs are assigned
as aircraft subject matter experts (SME) to assist TCPMs when the number of
aircraft at a particular training center requires such assistance.
U. Remote Training Site. A site that is temporary
in nature and operated to accommodate a specific or limited training center
need. Remote sites are distinguishable by the use of facilities, such as simulators
or classrooms; these facilities may be dry leased and may or may not be under
the direct operational control of the certificated training center (principal
training center). Management, staffing, training curriculum, and courseware
remain under the control of the principal training center. The TCPM may authorize
remote training sites on a temporary basis through the issuance of an approval
letter for periods not to exceed 120 days. Extensions may be granted for extenuating
V. Satellite Training Center. Satellite training
centers are permanent in nature and function under the operational and management
control of the principal training center. Although physically separated from
the principal training center, responsibility for regulatory compliance of the
satellite rests with the principal training center. The principal center is
also responsible for the successful maintenance and delivery of all assigned
curriculums, and courseware used by the satellite. Approval of a satellite’s
flight training equipment (FTDs and simulators) is also the responsibility of
the principal center. Satellite training centers receive their authority to
operate through the training specifications (TSpecs) issued to the principal
W. Specialty Curriculum. A set of courses that
is designed to satisfy a requirement of the 14 CFR and that is approved by the
Administrator for use by a particular training center or satellite training
center. The specialty curriculum includes training requirements unique to one
or more training center clients.
X. Syllabus. A detailed summary or outline describing
the main points of a course of study. A syllabus describes the course content
in a sufficient level of detail to ensure that it covers all knowledge areas
and required skills adequately. It includes those materials that are necessary
to support the course (courseware). It includes details of course requirements,
course content, and evaluation plans, including programmed hours, media, and
all courseware. By regulation, each curriculum must include a syllabus.
Y. Testing. An operation associated with performing
practical tests in accordance with the
practical test standards (PTS)
that apply towards airman certification.
Z. Training Center Program Manager (TCPM). TCPMs
have regulatory oversight responsibility for training centers and are responsible
for overall FAA technical administration, certification, surveillance, and investigation.
TCPMs are the primary FAA focal point for relations with training centers and
are responsible for coordinating FAA activity at training centers, satellites,
and remote training sites. Their role is to verify that the training, testing,
and checking conducted by the center continually meets regulatory standards;
the terms and conditions of the center’s TSpecs; and complies with established
FAA policy and guidance.
AA. Training Program. The courses, courseware,
facilities, flight training equipment, and personnel necessary to accomplish
a specific training objective. It may include a core curriculum and a specialty
BB. Training Specifications (TSpecs). A document
issued by the Administrator to a training center and that forms part of the
center’s certificate. This legally binding document prescribes the center’s
training, checking, and testing authorizations and limitations, and specifies
training program requirements such as approved flight training equipment.
3-4335 AUTHORIZED TRAINING FACILITIES—SATELLITES, FOREIGN
CENTERS, AND REMOTE SITES.
A. Satellites. Part
142 provides that a training center certificate-holder may establish one
or more satellites to provide some or all the services authorized for the certificated
“principal” center. Refer to Volume 2, Chapter 10, Section 1 for guidance when adding a satellite center.
The approval process for satellite centers is the same as that of the principal
center, except for required management positions, which may be shared with the
principal. Consequently, the responsibility for operational control of satellite
centers remains with the principal center. Contractual agreements for the use
of flight simulators, FTDs, and classroom/briefing facilities are an essential
requirement for selected satellites.
1) A satellite’s authority to provide training
services is provided through the principal center’s TSpecs. Removal of the satellite
from the principal’s TSpecs does not normally affect the principal center’s
authority to operate. If the principal training center’s certificate is surrendered,
suspended, revoked, or expires, the satellite center’s authority to operate
is similarly affected.
2) Below are descriptions of the five basic combinations
of training centers and associated satellites:
a) Certificate Management Office (CMO)- or Certificate
Management Unit (CMU)-Managed Satellite. Satellites of principal centers whose
certificate is managed by a CMU or a CMO will normally have their surveillance
activities carried out by the assigned CMU/CMO. In other words, the surveillance
responsibilities for these satellites normally reside with the assigned CMU
or CMO and not the Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) with geographic responsibility
for the satellites’ location. Surveillance responsibilities for satellites attached
to principal centers under the supervision of a CHDO are described in subparagraphs
3-4335A2)(b) through (e).
b) U.S. Satellite of a Domestic Training Center. The U.S.-based
training center (principal center) holds the training center certificate, and
its U.S.-based satellite is listed in paragraph A008 of the principal’s TSpecs.
Surveillance of the satellite will be coordinated between the TCPM and the FAA
office holding geographic responsibilities for the area containing the satellite.
Authority for the satellite to operate remains in effect as long as the principal
center’s certificate remains effective. Domestic training center certificates
are issued without an expiration date.
c) U.S. Satellite of a Foreign-based Training Center.
The foreign-based training center (principal center) holds the training center
certificate, and its U.S.-based satellite is listed in paragraph A008 of the
principal’s TSpecs. The surveillance responsibilities for the domestic-based
satellite are the same as those for a satellite of a domestic-based principal.
However, a foreign training center’s certificate expires every 12 months from
the date of issuance. Consequently, all U.S.-based satellite(s) of a foreign
principal certificate holder will lose their authority to operate unless the
foreign principal’s certificate is renewed annually. If the foreign principal’s
certificate is not renewed for any reason, the domestic satellite’s authority
to provide training also expires.
d) Foreign Satellite of a U.S. Domestic Training Center.
The U.S.-based principal holds a permanent training center certificate; however,
the principal center’s TCPM is responsible for coordinating required surveillance
of the foreign satellite. Adverse action and/or suspension of the U.S.-based
principal will affect the foreign satellite’s ability to continue operations.
An adverse action against the foreign satellite could result in removal of the
satellite from the principal’s TSpecs, and may lead to sanctions against the
principal’s operating certification depending on the type and severity of the
NOTE: Foreign satellites of principal centers are not
issued operating certificates or TSpecs. However, the annual renewal requirements
142.7(b) are applicable. Section
142.17 requires satellite centers, foreign or domestic, to comply with applicable
requirements of part
142. TCPMs must ensure that each foreign satellite is included in their
surveillance plan and shall remove any satellite from the principal’s TSpecs
should the satellite fail to receive at a minimum an annual renewal evaluation
or fail to maintain the requirements of part
142 or Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS).
e) Foreign Satellite of a Foreign Training Center. The
satellite’s foreign training center authority to operate is based on the principal’s
operating authority and TSpecs. In this example, both the principal and satellite
renewal dates will be the same. The foreign satellite’s authority is typically
renewed concurrently with the principal center’s certificate renewal. The reissuance
of the foreign satellite authority to operate is therefore dependent upon the
outcome of the normal surveillance and oversight of both the satellite and the
foreign principal center. The TCPM for the foreign principal training center
is typically assigned from the IFO/FSDO responsible for the geographic area
containing the principal center.
NOTE: If the certificate of a foreign principal training
center expires or is not renewed, all of the principal center’s satellite(s),
regardless of their location, also expires.
B. Foreign Training Centers. Part
142 permits the certification of training centers outside the United States.
Other than the differences addressed below, training centers, and/or satellites
located outside the United States must meet the same regulatory requirements
as those outlined for a domestic training center. The following identifies some
of the operational and management differences between domestic and foreign training
1) Operating Certificates. Foreign training centers
are issued an operating certificate valid for 12 calendar-months whereas a domestic
training center’s certificate is valid until surrendered, suspended, or revoked.
Foreign centers and satellites must have their operating certificate/authority
2) Surveillance and Investigation. While the surveillance
and oversight of domestic training centers and their associated satellites is
typically conducted on a daily or weekly basis, the surveillance and oversight
of foreign training centers and associated foreign satellites may be conducted
on a less frequent basis. The reduced frequency is primarily associated with
the difficulties associated with travel and in some instances country clearances.
The reduced frequency, however, does not lessen the inspection detail; it merely
changes the scheduling of required inspections to accommodate travel restrictions.
142 certificated foreign training centers and associated foreign satellite/remote
sites are prohibited from providing initial and transition training as defined
below unless the provisions of subparagraph 3‑4335B3)b) are met. Additionally,
the training and evaluations that may lead to the initial issuance of a pilot
certificate at the private and commercial level are also restricted.
1. Initial Training. The training
required for crewmembers that have not qualified and served in the same capacity
on another airplane of the same group.
2. Transition Training. The
training required for crewmembers and dispatchers who have qualified and served
in the same capacity on another airplane of the same group.
b) Foreign training centers and their associated satellites/remote
sites are required to comply with all Transportation Security Administration
(TSA), FAA, and other applicable U.S. Government agency requirements concerning
student enrollment and training.
4) Foreign Center/Satellite Renewal. The processes
for renewal or recertification of a foreign training center include a review
of all of the steps required for initial certification. However, a phased inspection
process conducted throughout the year is considered more practical than one
large annual inspection. While more frequent or day-to-day surveillance is preferred,
a combination of inspections that will also meet renewal requirements may be
used as a method of renewing the foreign-based training center’s certificate.
When warranted, a complete recertification evaluation should be conducted.
5) Coordination. Surveillance leading to investigation
and/or enforcement action against a foreign training center certificated by
the FAA will be handled through normal FAA enforcement processes. Inspectors
are cautioned not to become involved with another country’s pilot certification
issues or the policies, procedures, and regulations of a foreign state. These
events are to be coordinated with the host country’s civil aviation authority.
A fraudulent foreign airman certificate and or fraudulent training record entries
are representative situations that must be coordinated with the host government
6) Cost. All activities associated with the certification,
approval and/or authorization of a foreign training center, satellite center,
or remote site, and associated equipment and personnel are to be charged to
the applicant. Inspections required for or conducted as part of the certification
and/or recertification of the center, equipment, and personnel are also subject
to these charges. The regulatory requirements for recovering costs of this type
are provided in 14 CFR part 187. Fee structures for associated surveillance are outlined
in the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC) 187-1, Flight Standards Service Schedule of Charges Outside the United
7) Surveillance Responsibilities. The Flight Standards
International Field Office (IFO) with geographical responsibility for the area
containing the foreign center or satellite has surveillance responsibility for
the foreign operation. The CHDO and TCPM of a domestic training center with
a foreign satellite(s) will need to coordinate the surveillance responsibility
for the subject satellite(s) with the appropriate IFO.
C. Remote Training Sites. A remote training site
is characterized by its temporary nature. It is distinguished by the fact that
it uses facilities, such as simulators or classrooms, which are typically dry
leased or not under the direct or full-time operational control of the certificated
(principal) training center.
1) The management, staffing, instructors, Training
Center Evaluators (TCE), training curriculums, and courseware at the remote
site are provided by the principal training center and remain under the control
of the principal center. Instructors and TCEs that have authority to provide
instruction or evaluations at the principal center or satellite may also provide
instruction and evaluations at a remote site providing they have been trained
on the operation of associated flight training equipment.
NOTE: Before a TCE may conduct evaluations at a remote
site that is outside of the TCPM’s geographic area of responsibility, the TCPM
must coordinate associated evaluations with the FAA office with geographical
responsibility for the remote site. Because the TCEs activities are temporary,
this coordination does not require additional Vital Information Subsystem (VIS)
entries by the FSDO that has geographic oversight responsibility for the remote
2) The TCPM must authorize remote training sites
before the accomplishment of any training, testing, or checking authorized by
the principal center’s TSpecs. Remote site authorization must be granted by
letter for periods not exceeding 120 days. Letters of authorization (LOA) may
be renewed for extenuating circumstances for not more than 60 days at a time.
If, due to emergency situations, longer periods are required, consideration
should be given to upgrading and designating the facility as a satellite center.
3-4336 TRAINING CENTER PROGRAM MANAGERS.
A. TCPM General. The FAA CHDO will assign a TCPM
to each training center certificate-holder. The TCPM will have oversight responsibility
for the training center and is responsible for overall FAA technical administration,
certification, surveillance, and investigations relating to the certificate
holder. The CHDO may consider the assignment of an assistant TCPM when:
1) A TCPM’s duties exceed 70 percent of the TCPM’s
available time; or
2) The complexity of the training center is such
that the TCPM could not reasonably be expected to provide required surveillance
of the activities of the center and associated satellite(s).
B. TCPM Duties. TCPMs serve as the primary operations
coordinator between the FAA and the training center. They oversee TCEs, ground/flight
instructors, facilities, equipment, and curriculum approvals. The TCPM’s role
is to ensure that the training conducted by the center, its personnel, and facilities
meets the regulatory standards of part 142, and complies with established policy and procedures. TCPMs also coordinate
with training center management regarding regulatory changes in FAA policy matters.
1) TCPM Approval Responsibilities. TCPMs are responsible
for reviewing and granting approval of core and/or specialty curriculums that
are submitted by the center. Once initially approved, each curriculum will be
entered into the center’s TSpecs as either a core or a specialty curriculum.
The TCPM must coordinate with the Air Carrier Training and 142 Training Center
Branch’s (AFS-210) part
142 program lead of each core curriculum that is initially approved for
a center’s use. The TCPM may notify by e-mail and should provide the curriculum
name and the training requirement that it is intended to satisfy.
2) Assisting POIs. TCPMs may be called upon to
assist POIs of air carriers that are requesting to use the services of the TCPM’s
assigned training center. For those operators that may wish to use a training
center’s core or specialty curriculums to accomplish a portion of their training
requirements, the TCPM may assist the POI with his/her evaluation of the center’s
capabilities to meet the operator’s training requirements. If approved by the
POI, the center’s curriculums may become a part of that operators training program.
3) Surveillance of Training Centers. TCPMs may
function as a geographic resource for POIs whose operator(s) have been authorized
to use the assigned training center or their satellites. Surveillance of this
type is determined through mutual agreement between the POI and TCPM. The surveillance
of foreign training centers or satellites that have been approved to conduct
an air carrier’s training will require POIs to coordinate required surveillance
with both the TCPM and IFO.
4) TCPM Surveillance Responsibilities. Refer to
Volume 3, Chapter 54, Section 5 for a discussion of the coordination activities
associated with an air operator outsourcing a portion of their crewmember training
to an authorized training center.
a) The TCPM must develop and conduct a surveillance program
of all training center curriculums that are authorized in section B of the center’s
b) Coordinate and conduct various surveillance and certification
activities, as appropriate, with other FAA inspectors. This activity will primarily
involve POIs for air carriers who have been approved to use the training center.
c) Determine through surveillance and investigation that
the training center is adequately staffed with appropriately qualified instructors
d) Monitor TCEs to determine adequacy and quality of approved
training programs as well as the quality of checking and testing.
e) Monitor instructors to determine adequacy and quality
of approved training programs.
f) Monitor flight training equipment status, including
discrepancy logs as required by §
142.59 to assure continued compliance with qualification standards and authorized
g) Monitor training programs conducted in support of the
center’s TSpecs to ensure compliance with center procedures, FAA regulations,
policies, and procedures.
5) TCPM Certification Responsibilities.
a) Conduct practical tests for the issuance of airman
certificates and ratings.
b) Conduct or observe the reexamination of certificated
airmen following failures to meet the minimum standards required for the certificate
c) Initiate and/or assist in the emergency suspension
of airman certificates.
d) Conduct enforcement investigations and prepare final
reports in those cases requiring legal disposition.
e) Provide technical assistance to legal counsel, give
depositions, and testify at court trials and formal hearings.
f) Review, recommend necessary changes to, and approve
TSpecs, training center curriculums, courseware, and associated revisions.
g) Recommend amendments to previously approved programs
to eliminate unsafe practices, and/or improve the efficiency of the curriculums.
h) Conduct formal inspections on a regular basis and evaluate
methods and plans for any necessary corrective actions, including followup inspections
to ensure that appropriate corrective action has been taken.
i) Approve individual maneuvers and functions in support
of the center’s curriculums for simulator and flight training devices that have
been appropriately qualified by the National Simulator Program Branch (AFS-205).
j) Conduct periodic record evaluations to determine the
center’s compliance with 14 CFR, center policies, and other regulatory requirements.
6) Approval and Oversight of TCEs.
a) Train and examine TCEs for initial designation, recertification,
and standardization as an evaluator as necessary.
b) Approve TCEs for specific types of aircraft and simulators
operated by the training center and enter appropriate authorizations in the
c) Monitor TCEs during the conduct of airman certification
and recurring evaluations to ensure compliance with established standards and
approved procedures and TCE authorization letters.
d) Ensure compliance with the Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) between the center and FAA regional Flight Standards division (RFSD).
7) TCPM Simulator and FTD Surveillance Responsibilities.
a) Review applications for initial or upgrade evaluation
of flight simulators and FTDs.
b) Assist AFS-205, as required, with the initial and requalification
of the center’s simulator(s) and FTDs.
c) Periodically conduct practical evaluations of FTDs
to determine that they continue to meet AFS‑205’s initial approval performance
d) Review and approve simulator inoperative component
e) Review simulator discrepancy logs for deficiencies
that have not been corrected in a timely manner and that may affect the capabilities
of the flight training equipment to meet training curriculum requirements.
f) Verify through actual flights or operation of training
devices that each maneuver, procedure, crewmember function, circling approach,
and runway scene required to support a proposed curriculum can be accomplished
in accordance with the device’s qualification.
g) Monitor the center’s notification of any discrepancies
and or modifications that may require reevaluation by AFS-205.
8) Technical Oversight. The TCPM must maintain
technical oversight of each assistant TCPM, FTPM, and PPM, assigned to the TCPM’s
training center whose duties include responsibility for one or more specific
aircraft training programs conducted by a training center.
9) Assistant TCPM Duties. Assistant TCPM duties
include the following:
a) Conduct surveillance and assist the TCPM with assigned
responsibilities on an as required basis.
b) Additional duties as assigned by the TCPM’s supervisor.
10) PPM Duties Include the Following:
a) Conduct surveillance and assist the TCPM with assigned
responsibilities on an as required basis. Particular emphasis is placed on the
types of aircraft the PPM is qualified and remains current on.
b) Coordinate with the TCPM regarding FAA policy, updated
training requirements, and any necessary changes to regulatory requirements
for the types of aircraft in which rated.
c) Review and submit to the TCPM training, courseware,
associated revisions, and any recommendations for assigned aircraft.
d) Conduct surveillance programs for all training center
activities within the assigned aircraft program.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 3-4337 through 3-4352.