VOLUME 4 AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT AND OPERATIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS
CHAPTER 14 GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULESMAINTENANCE ISSUES
Section 2 Safety Assurance System: Evaluate Avionics Equipment Approval
Powered Civil Aircraft with Standard Category U.S. Airworthiness Certificates: Instrument and Equipment Requirements.
Emergency Locator Transmitters.
ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and Use.
Altitude Alerting System or Device: Turbojet-Powered Civil Airplanes.
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Equipment and Use.
Terrain Awareness and Warning System.
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out Equipment and Use.
Airplane Instruments and Equipment.
4-1376 REPORTING SYSTEM.
A. Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem (PTRS) Activity Code. Use PTRS activity code Avionics: 5446.
B. Safety Assurance System (SAS) Automation. This section is
related to SAS Element 4.6.1, (AW) Avionics Special Emphasis Programs.
4-1377 OBJECTIVE. This section provides guidance for evaluating the approval
status of avionics equipment and instruments relative to the applicable operational rule.
4-1378 GENERAL. Requirements for aircraft system and equipment are
listed in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Subchapters F
and G. The rules for aircraft and operators conducting operations under 14 CFR parts
state that specified required systems or equipment must be Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA)-approved to meet applicable standards. The rules
for aircraft and operators conducting operations under 14 CFR parts
that all required instruments and equipment must be approved to meet applicable standards.
A. Use of Term “Approval.” In the context of 14 CFR parts
within this section, “approved” means the instrument and equipment
designs have been approved by the FAA Administrator to meet the applicable standards
and requirements for use under the regulatory part, and “required” means the
instrument or equipment is mandated by the operations rule(s) applicable to the operator or use of the aircraft.
B. Methods of Approval. FAA approval may be accomplished by:
1) Use of an applicable Technical Standard Order (TSO),
2) Acceptance as part of the aircraft on the original type certificate (TC) or Supplemental Type Certificate (STC),
3) Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA), or
4) The Administrator, in accordance with standard repair and
alteration procedures (FAA
Major Repair and Alteration (Airframe, Powerplant, Propeller, or Appliance)).
C. Verification of Approval. Verification of approval can be
accomplished by various means, such as visual inspection of the equipment manufacturer’s
data plate and/or review of applicable records, such as flight manuals, equipment lists, or maintenance records.
4-1379 PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.
• Knowledge of the regulatory requirements of parts
• Successful completion of the Airworthiness Inspector
Indoctrination course(s) or equivalent.
• Knowledge of the equipment/instruments.
1) Coordination with FAA Aircraft Certification Office (ACO)
personnel and/or the equipment manufacturer may be required when previous equipment
approval has not been issued or operating limitations cannot be determined (see
Volume 4, Chapter 9, Section 1).
2) Avionics equipment approvals for air carriers may require coordination with
principal operations inspectors (POI) or principal avionics inspectors (PAI)
in situations that involve Lower Landing Minimums (LLM), long-range navigation systems (LRNS), flight control systems, etc.
4-1380 REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.
A. References. Title 14 CFR Parts
B. Forms. None.
C. Job Aids. None.
A. Review the Applicable Regulations. Determine which instruments and/or
equipment require approval based on intended operation.
B. Verify Approval.
1) If the equipment data plate does not indicate the appropriate
approval status, determine through the operator’s records the method by which the equipment received approval.
2) Ensure that all avionics equipment requiring FAA approval
has the appropriate documentation for that approval. If FAA approval cannot
be substantiated, the equipment and/or aircraft cannot be used until substantiated by the owner/operator.
3) Ensure that the equipment approval is appropriate for the aircraft it is used with.
4-1382 TASK OUTCOMES.
A. Complete the PTRS Record.
B. Follow Volume 10 SAS Guidance for Module 4 (Chapter 5) and Module 5 (Chapter 6). For parts
C. Complete the Task. Completion of this task could result in
a letter describing any limitation(s) on the use of the instrument or equipment until deficiencies are corrected or approval is obtained.
D. Document the Task. File all supporting paperwork in the operator’s office file.
4-1383 FUTURE ACTIVITIES. Followup activity, as required.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 4-1384 through 4-1400.