VOLUME 5 AIRMAN CERTIFICATION
CHAPTER 1 DIRECTION, GUIDANCE, AND PROCEDURES FOR TITLE 14 CFR
PARTS 121/135 AND
Section 2 Aviation Safety Inspector (Operations) Qualifications and Status
5-26 INSPECTOR STATUS DURING PRACTICAL TESTS.
A. Pilot-in-Command (PIC) Status. An aviation safety inspector
(ASI) conducts a practical test to observe and evaluate an applicant’s ability
to perform the procedures and maneuvers required for the pilot certificate or
1) The inspector is not the PIC of the aircraft during the practical test unless
acting in that capacity for the flight, or a portion of the flight, by prior
arrangement with the applicant or other PIC. To administer a practical test
for an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certificate or a class or type rating on
that certificate, or to administer a Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
flight check, an inspector occupying a pilot
seat must be fully qualified and current to act as the PIC in that aircraft.
2) Regardless of the type of aircraft used during a practical
test, the applicant and the inspector are not, with respect to each other (or
other occupants authorized by the inspector), subject to the requirements or
limitations for the carriage of passengers specified in 14 CFR part
B. Policy Concerning Giving Flight Training, Demonstration, Advice,
or Assistance During a Practical Test.
NOTE: As implementation of the Airman Certification Standards (ACS) expands, the term
“certificate test” may be used in certain situations because it more fully aligns
with the integrated ACS approach to training and testing for airman certification
purposes. The terms “practical test” and “certification test” are synonymous
for the purposes of this guidance.
1) It is inappropriate for an ASI to provide flight training and/or to teach techniques
to an applicant during a practical test. The role of an ASI during the practical
test is to evaluate an applicant’s performance based on compliance with the
appropriate ACS or
practical test standards (PTS).
However, this policy does not preclude an ASI from acting as a student manipulating
the controls during the practical test for a flight instructor certification
test when the purpose is for evaluating the flight instructor applicant’s teaching
ability; nor does this policy prevent an ASI when administering a practical
test from trying to relax or otherwise reduce the stress level of an applicant
during the test. Providing such help does not change the status of an ASI. Before
beginning the practical test, an ASI should discuss these issues with the applicant
as part of the overall practical test briefing described in
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 4.
2) If an ASI has to take over the flight controls or assist in the manipulation
of the flight controls during a practical test, such action is disqualifying,
and the test is therefore failed. The ASI must issue Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application, to the applicant. An
exception to this policy is where, through no fault of the applicant, the ASI
has to take over the flight controls or assist in the manipulation of the flight
controls during the practical test if the ASI determines life or property is
at risk (to avoid another aircraft, to avoid weather, to avoid a violation of
airspace rules, or take corrective action as a result of an aircraft maintenance
problem, etc.). In this case, once the situation is resolved, the practical
test will resume.
C. Physical Location of Inspector.
1) With certain exceptions, an inspector accompanies an applicant
in the aircraft during the practical test. However, the inspector may observe,
from the ground, an applicant’s performance of autorotations to touchdown during
flight instructor certification practical tests in helicopters if the applicant
is the sole occupant of the aircraft. Similarly, the inspector may observe,
from the ground or from another airplane, the performance of aerial maneuvers
by an applicant flying a single-control aircraft (e.g., a gyroplane).
NOTE: There are specific considerations regarding autorotations in the Introduction
section of the current edition of FAA-S-8081-7, Flight Instructor Practical Test Standards for Rotorcraft (Helicopter & Gyroplane).
2) During practical tests given on aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more,
the inspector should give the practical test from a designated forward observer’s
seat or place in the cabin from which the flight, crew coordination, and Crew
Resource Management (CRM) can be adequately observed. An industry pilot who
is qualified to act as PIC in that type aircraft must then occupy the other seat.
a) This arrangement allows the inspector to devote full attention to the
practical test rather than be involved with performing the duties of a flightcrew
member. It also allows the inspector to assess the command ability of the applicant
and to observe flightcrew coordination.
b) However, this is not intended to preclude an inspector from exercising
discretion in deciding which seat to occupy during the practical test. Such
factors as aircraft seating configuration, the inspector’s personal knowledge
of the person proposing to occupy the pilot seat, and the inspector’s skills,
limitations, recent experience, and qualifications should be considered.
c) When operators request that one of their qualified pilots occupy the pilot seat
during the test for valid reasons (e.g., for insurance purposes), that request
should be honored unless the inspector has reason to believe the pilot furnished
by the operator lacks the experience and skill to conduct the test prescribed
by the inspector. Any disagreement over the conduct of the test should be referred
to the regional Flight Standards division (RFSD) for final decision.
3) Inspectors may observe free balloon flight tests from the ground.
5-27 ASI (OPERATIONS) QUALIFICATION AND CURRENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR CONDUCTING CERTAIN
TESTS, CHECKS, AND JOB FUNCTIONS. In general, ASIs (Operations) must possess
at least a Commercial Pilot Certificate and Flight Instructor Certificate in
the aircraft category, class, and type, if applicable, for which they conduct
practical tests that result in certification or the addition of a pilot type
rating. If conducting a practical test at the ATP certification level, then
an ASI (Operations) must possess at least an ATP Certificate and Flight Instructor
Certificate in the aircraft category, class, and type, if applicable, for which
they conduct practical tests that result in certification or the addition of
a pilot type rating. Exceptions to this requirement are outlined in subparagraph 5-27D.
A. Prerequisites. Throughout this order, each job task normally
describes ASI qualification prerequisites as “qualification as an ASI (Operations).”
Before performing pilot certification or in-flight surveillance tasks without
supervision, the requirements of the current edition of AA Aircraft Management
Program, and the requirements outlined in this section must be met. Inspectors
must also have completed on‑the‑job training (OJT) in the task as outlined in
the current edition of FAA Order
Flight Standards Service National Training Program, and the office OJT program.
Unless otherwise specified in this order, one of the following conditions must
be met in order for an ASI (Operations) to be considered qualified to perform
specific job functions without supervision:
· Satisfactory completion of an FAA Academy or out-of-agency course
on that job function;
· Satisfactory completion of all OJT requirements for that job function, in
Order 3140.20; or
· Specific written authorization from the RFSD or the Flight Standards
Service (AFS) Regulatory Support Division (AFS-600), as appropriate.
NOTE: If an inspector only performs pilot certification or surveillance tasks in a
full flight simulator (FFS), the currency requirements for those inspectors
are addressed in Volume 1, Chapter 3, and this section.
B. Training Requirements. Before performing airmen certification
and/or testing functions unsupervised, the ASI must have completed the courses
outlined in the current edition of the Air Carrier and/or General Aviation Operations
String document, as applicable to the job function. These documents can be found at
These documents are controlled by the Program Implementation Branch (AFS-520).
C. Operations Inspector Currency Requirements. This guidance
is for inspectors and managers at all levels of AFS for the management of flight
training course quotas and the qualification of ASIs (Operations). Inspector
qualifications involve meeting the following:
1) Before performing airmen certification and/or testing functions, an ASI (Operations)
must have completed either the Air Carrier or General Aviation (GA) indoctrination
course, as appropriate. The ASI (Operations) must have completed OJT pertaining
to the job function being conducted. The ASI (Operations) must hold a valid
pilot certificate with the appropriate ratings that relate to the inspector’s
2) Aircraft flight training, FFS training or annual proficiency checks are accomplished
in accordance with this order and the current edition of the AFS Flight Program
Flight Operations Manual (FOM).
D. Air Carrier/Air Operator Testing/Checking. An ASI is not required
to hold a Flight Instructor Certificate for performing 14 CFR part
91 subpart K
checks/tests. In general, an ASI (Operations)
may perform a proficiency/competency check/test in any aircraft in which they
hold that same aircraft rating on their pilot certificate. Below are some further
examples about the qualifications required of an ASI (Operations) to conduct
the following kinds of part
checks or testing or checking activity:
1) A Flight Instructor Certificate is not required to conduct any part
checks/tests regardless of whether those checks/tests
result in the issuance of a type rating or pilot certificate.
2) A Flight Instructor Certificate is not required to conduct a testing or checking
activity in a flight simulation training device (FSTD) under 14 CFR part
or any activity pertaining to an air carrier’s training
program qualification module.
3) To conduct a part
check/test that results in the addition of a pilot type rating on an applicant’s ATP Certificate (e.g., LR-60),
an ASI (Operations) would be required to possess an ATP Certificate with that
4) To conduct a part
proficiency check/test in an FFS (e.g., B737), an ASI (Operations)
must possess at least an ATP Certificate with an Airplane Multiengine Land (AMEL)
rating and the appropriate pilot type rating.
E. GA Practical Tests. In accordance with part
a practical test “means a test on the areas of operations for an
airman certificate, rating, or authorization that is conducted by having the
applicant respond to questions and demonstrate maneuvers in flight, in a flight
simulator, or in a flight training device.”
1) ASIs (GAOperations) who administer practical tests for an
airman certification, rating, or authorization must hold either a Commercial
Pilot Certificate or ATP Certificate, and Flight Instructor Certificate with
the appropriate aircraft category and class rating for the kind of practical
test being administered.
2) ASIs (GAOperations) who administer certain proficiency/competency
checks must hold either a Commercial Pilot Certificate or ATP Certificate with
the appropriate aircraft category and class rating for the kind of practical
test being administered. However, they do not necessarily need to hold a Flight
Instructor Certificate with the appropriate aircraft rating. This reflects a
change in policy concerning the Pilot and Flight Instructor Certificate qualifications
of ASIs (GAOperations) for conducting certain proficiency/competency checks.
NOTE: Some RFSDs may have applied this guidance inconsistently, resulting in some
proficiency/competency checks being conducted outside this policy guideline.
We have determined there was no compromise of safety in the conduct of these
checks and have decided to adopt the practice of allowing an ASI (GAOperations)
without a Flight Instructor Certificate to conduct certain tests and checks.
F. Qualifications to Administer Practical Tests. Below are some
further explanations about the qualifications required of an ASI (GAOperations)
to conduct the following kinds of practical tests for an Airman Certificate,
rating, or authorization under part
1) To conduct a practical test in a single-engine seaplane for a Commercial Pilot
Certificate applicant, an ASI (GAOperations) must hold either a Commercial
Pilot Certificate or ATP Certificate, with an Airplane Single-Engine Sea (ASES)
rating and a Flight Instructor Certificate with an Airplane Single Engine (ASE) rating.
2) To conduct a flight instructor practical test for a rotorcraft-helicopter rating,
an ASI (GAOperations) must hold either a Commercial Pilot Certificate or ATP
Certificate with a rotorcraft-helicopter rating and Flight Instructor Certificate
with the rotorcraft-helicopter rating.
3) A Flight Instructor Certificate is not required to administratively
renew a Flight Instructor Certificate on the basis of §
4) In general, if the practical test involves the issuance of
a Temporary Airman Certificate (FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate),
the ASI (GAOperations) must hold either a Commercial Pilot Certificate or ATP
Certificate, and Flight Instructor Certificate with the appropriate ratings
for the kind of practical test being conducted.
G. ATP Certificates. Practical tests for the issuance of ATP Certificates
should be given only by inspectors who possess an ATP Certificate with appropriate
category, class, and type ratings. An ASI with a “VFR ONLY” limitation on their
ATP Certificate may only conduct practical tests that result in a “VFR ONLY”
limitation for the applicant.
H. Required Crewmember. Inspectors conducting practical tests must meet
the applicable recency of experience requirements of §§
they are acting as a required crewmember for the duration of the
practical test. To act as a required crewmember during a practical test, an
inspector must possess at least a valid third-class medical certificate. When
acting as a required pilot flightcrew member on an ATP practical test, including
tests for added ratings, inspectors must observe the requirements of part
Before performing duties as PIC or a required crewmember during
a practical test, an inspector should meet the requirements of Volume 1, Chapter 3.
I. Safety Pilot. Before an inspector may act as a PIC, safety
pilot, or required crewmember in any airplane or rotorcraft, he or she must
first be current according to §§
Managers are discouraged from allowing inspectors to act as PIC or
safety pilot while conducting a flight check in any aircraft (airplane or helicopter)
that requires a type rating, or in any aircraft that requires two pilots.
J. AFS-600. Although the FAA always attempts to make sure its ASIs (Operations)
hold the appropriate aircraft category, class, and type ratings (if class and
type rating is appropriate), AFS-600 is responsible for maintaining a listing
of the “best qualified” ASIs (Operations) and issues letters of authorization
(LOA) to conduct practical tests where there is not an inspector who meets the
appropriate qualifications. For further guidance about AFS-600’s listing of
“best qualified,” see paragraph 5-34 below.
K. Crewmember Status: Additional Training and Currency Requirements.
The Operations Inspector Qualifications and Currency Requirements Matrix was
developed as a job aid/tool for ASIs to reference qualification and currency
requirements they must meet to conduct certain job functions. The matrix does
not include all ASI job functions. Each row of the matrix represents a job function,
and the columns represent the qualifications the ASI must possess and the currency
requirements the ASI must meet in order to perform the job function. The matrix
includes references to this order where applicable guidance related to qualifications
and currency should be reviewed.
NOTE: The Operations Inspector Qualification and Currency Requirements
Matrix must be used in conjunction with the applicable AFS policy division guidance
in this order to determine if an ASI can perform the listed job function. (See
Volume 1, Chapter 3, for a copy of the matrix.)
5-28 PROCEDURES FOR ASIs TAKING KNOWLEDGE AND/OR PRACTICAL TESTS IN THE FIELD.
Inspectors may be required or want to be administered either a knowledge or
practical test for the issuance of an Airman Certificate or rating in the field.
The procedures described here are offered as a means of ensuring that the certification
tasks are completed in a timely and acceptable manner and that any impropriety,
or the appearance thereof, is avoided.
A. Inspector Training. Inspectors are normally scheduled into formal training
courses in accordance with the needs of the FAA, availability of training courses,
and national policy. However, there are occasions under which an inspector may
acquire qualifications for additional FAA certifications or ratings through
an other‑than‑FAA-sponsored formal training course and the inspector is not
scheduled for agency qualifications required by their FAA position as a result
of that course. In some circumstances in the past, where the knowledge or practical
test for an additional certificate or rating was given by an inspector in a
field office or RFSD in which the applicant was also assigned certification
duties, the objectivity of some of these certifications have been questioned
by outside sources. Although there is no objection to an inspector accomplishing
the necessary training and certification requirements locally for the addition
or reinstatement of a certificate or rating through personal training, the procedures
outlined below are to be followed (to include when attending agency formal training
courses that result in the addition of a certificate, category, class, type
rating, or authorization such as Category (CAT) II, CAT III, etc.) except where
it is considered impractical and/or would impose undue hardship on the inspector
as an applicant. The inspector’s office manager will correspond with the RFSD
manager via memorandum to submit the request. This will help ensure objectivity
in the training and certification process for our inspector workforce.
1) Knowledge tests, if required, may be accomplished at any available computer-testing
designee knowledge testing location after advising the RFSD manager or his or
her designated representative (regional branch manager).
2) Practical tests for basic certification areas and for additional
certificates, category, class, type ratings, and authorizations (such as CAT
II, CAT III, etc.) must be authorized in writing by the RFSD manager or his
or her designated representative (regional branch manager). Being assigned an
FAA-sponsored formal training course is considered having any practical test
that occurs during the training course being approved in writing.
3) The RFSD, as appropriate, will appoint an examining inspector
from a district office other than that of the applicant, or from qualified inspectors
within the region’s jurisdictional area after complying with subparagraph 5-28B below.
NOTE: Exceptions to the above guidance made necessary by either unique circumstances,
such as where a qualified inspector in a unique aircraft type is not readily
available within a reasonable timeframe, must have written concurrence of the
jurisdictional RFSD. This could include the use of a “best qualified” inspector
as designated by AFS-600 or the use of an appropriately qualified designee.
Every effort should be made to make the request early enough to facilitate the
appointment of an appropriately qualified ASI to conduct the practical test.
B. Selection of FAA ASI to Conduct the Practical Test. The RFSD
will coordinate the selection of the ASI who will be administering the practical
test to the applicant (inspector) with the manager of the Central Administration
of AFS-600. The ASI who administers the practical test may not be from the same
Flight Standards District Office (FSDO), unless there are special circumstances
and the jurisdictional RFSD has approved it.
5-29 TURBOPROP AIRPLANE INITIAL QUALIFICATIONS. No inspector should
conduct a practical test (certification, pilot examiner, proficiency check,
etc.) in a turboprop airplane unless one of the following qualifications is met:
A. Type Ratings. The inspector must hold a type rating in a large
turboprop airplane. In addition, the inspector must receive a briefing on the
subjects specified below in subparagraph 5-32G.
B. FAA Form 4040-2, FAA Crewmember Check Record. The inspector
must have an official flight check recorded on FAA Form 4040-2. This flight
check can be taken in any type of small (less than 12,500 pounds) turboprop
airplane. The flight check must be conducted by a qualified inspector, a qualified
industry instructor, or a qualified instructor from the FAA Academy. The initial
flight check must comply with the provisions of subparagraph 5-32G.
C. Academy Course. Inspectors assigned to flightcrew member, safety pilot,
or airmen certification job functions in turboprop airplanes must have completed
the FAA Academy Turboprop C90GTx Initial Flight course or Turboprop Initial
Flight (Integrated Avionics) course and have successfully completed a flight
check. This requirement does not apply to inspectors who hold a type rating
in a turbopropeller-powered airplane. RFSDs may submit
requests for a waiver to AFS-600 when an inspector has logged at least 200 hours
as a pilot in a turbopropeller-powered airplane within the last 5 years.
5-30 TURBOJET AND TYPE RATING INITIAL QUALIFICATIONS.
A. Qualifications. No inspector will conduct a practical test
in a turbojet aircraft or an aircraft requiring a type rating unless all the
following qualifications are met:
1) The inspector must hold a type rating for that aircraft.
2) The inspector has initial turbojet qualification training
conducted by the FAA at the Aeronautical Center or from an out-of-agency training
course. If the initial turbojet training was conducted out-of-agency, the inspector
must have in-agency recurrent training.
3) The inspector must successfully complete a turbojet or type
rating recurrent training course, arranged by the FAA, in that type of aircraft,
regardless of pre-employment qualification.
4) In all cases, the course must include, or the inspector must
be briefed on, the provisions of subparagraph 5-32G.
5) For a flight program participant under a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU),
either with an air carrier or a part
142 training center,
all training and checking is completed in accordance
with the MOU and the AFS Flight Program FOM.
B. Additional Type Ratings. Inspectors who meet the above requirements
for initial qualification and subsequently obtain additional type ratings through
other than FAA-arranged courses may conduct type rating tests in the appropriate
aircraft, provided the recurrent training requirements of paragraph 5-32 are
NOTE: For a flight program participant under an MOU, either with an air carrier or a part
142 training center, all training and checking is completed in accordance
with the MOU and the AFS Flight Program FOM.
5-31 PRIORITY OF TRAINING. Managers should categorize each inspector
as a “line” inspector or a “staff” inspector for the purpose of recurrent training priorities.
A. Line Inspector. A line inspector is an inspector assigned to a FSDO or
certificate management office (CMO) in a program involving airman certification
and surveillance events. Line inspectors assigned to airmen certification duties
as a required flightcrew member/safety pilot will be scheduled and be given
“the first and highest priority” for flight/FFS training. RFSDs will reprogram
training quotas to ensure that line inspectors who have not received recurrent
flight/FFS training within the past 24 calendar-months, or 12 months for inspectors
assigned to aircraft requiring a type rating, are given the first priority for
any flight training available in order of their last training date.
1) RFT and proficiency checks are accomplished in accordance
the AFS Flight Program FOM.
2) Managers must plan on using programmed training quotas, since
it is unlikely that funds will be available for special flight requests.
3) Line inspectors should be scheduled for RFT every 12 months
as resources permit. When current, line inspectors may perform airman certification
duties. Line inspectors may also perform en route surveillance while traveling. See
Volume 6, Chapter 2, Section 9,
for guidance for inspectors performing en route inspections.
B. Staff Inspectors. A staff inspector is an inspector assigned to the RFSD,
national headquarters (HQ), or to management or supervisory duties at the FSDO
level. First level supervisors and RFSD and HQ staff inspectors will not normally
be assigned to airmen certification duties. In the rare event that this becomes
necessary, those inspectors will be given second priority for any available
training after all line inspectors have received the minimum flight training
described in paragraph 5-31A above. Staff inspectors should be scheduled for
RFT every 12 months as resources permit.
1) When current, staff inspectors may perform airman certification
duties. Staff inspectors may and should perform en route surveillance while traveling.
2) Staff inspectors should be given second priority for available training quotas.
A staff inspector should not be scheduled for flight training until all line
inspectors have been scheduled.
C. Initial Qualification. Managers should ensure that initial
aircraft qualification training is allocated to those line inspectors who require
specific type ratings to complete their programs.
1) An inspector should not be scheduled to attend a type rating
course until he or she is selected to fill a position for which that type rating is required.
2) A staff inspector who does not possess a type rating should
be scheduled for a course only when there are no line inspectors available for the course.
3) Both line and staff inspectors may be scheduled for type rating
courses in conjunction with Flight Standardization Board (FSB) requirements
with the concurrence of the
General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800) or the Air Transportation
Division (AFS-200), as applicable.
5-32 RECURRENT TRAINING. ASIs assigned to flightcrew member, safety pilot, or
airmen certification duties in a FFS or aircraft will receive recurrent training
in order to conduct practical tests.
A. All Aircraft. Inspectors assigned to flightcrew member, safety pilot,
or airmen certification duties in an FFS or aircraft, other than those requiring
type ratings by type design, must complete one flight/FFS training course each
24 months in each aircraft category used for the job function. In order to perform
checks in an aircraft category, an inspector must meet the flight time requirements
and also be current as a PIC according to
Order 4040.9 and
Volume 1, Chapter 3, as applicable.
B. Qualification in One Turbojet or Aircraft Requiring a Type Rating. Inspectors
assigned to flightcrew member, safety pilot, or airmen certification duties
in an FFS, airplane, or rotorcraft requiring type ratings must complete at least
one flight/FFS training course each 12 months in a type of aircraft for which
that inspector is assigned. Flight/FFS training courses should be scheduled
in rotation for those inspectors who are assigned to more than one aircraft
requiring a type rating. However, these inspectors should not be scheduled for
more than one course every 12 months in an aircraft category.
C. Qualifying in More than One Type Rating.
1) To qualify in more than one turbojet aircraft or aircraft requiring a type rating,
an inspector must have a recurrent course that includes aircraft and FFS time
in at least one of the aircraft every 24 months. Training should be scheduled
so that aircraft types are rotated. For alternating annual intervals, a course
that is conducted entirely in an FFS is acceptable.
2) The inspector must meet the requirements of §§
as applicable to the aircraft used. The flight training course requirements
of this order do not supersede or contradict the requirements of §
respect to aircraft certificated for more than one required pilot crewmember.
D. Turbojets. For each turbojet airplane, the inspector must
have a recurrent training course every 24 months in order to perform job functions
E. FFS Unavailable. When FFSs are not available for a specific aircraft,
training should be conducted in that aircraft.
F. Training Source. In order to meet the requirements of this
paragraph, a training course must meet one of the following requirements:
1) A formal course at the FAA Academy;
2) An out-of-agency course with a specified FAA course number;
3) A formal course sponsored by the RFSD with a specified FAA
course number; or
4) With RFSD approval, an FAA Form 4040-2 checkout is acceptable in lieu of formal training
described above under the following circumstances:
a) For non-turbojet aircraft only, FAA Form 4040-2 checkout is acceptable for alternating
annual periods. However, if this option is exercised, the next required recurrent
training must be in accordance with subparagraph 5-32F1) above.
b) Inspectors assigned to airmen certification duties in gyroplanes, gliders, lighter-than-air,
or light-sport categories of aircraft may satisfy the 24-month flight training
requirements by completing a PIC proficiency check in the appropriate aircraft
category under Order
For gliders, gyroplanes, balloons, and light-sport aircraft, an
FAA Form 4040-2 check conducted by a qualified inspector or industry pilot is
acceptable. Under these circumstances, if the inspector being checked in accordance
any of the required maneuvers or pilot operations required to complete the check, the person
giving the check will give additional proficiency flight time and practice to
the inspector during the course of the check. At the completion of a check where
an inspector required additional proficiency flight time but was unsuccessful
in completing the check, the person giving the check will forward a report to
the manager requesting the flight check with the pertinent details of the check
and a recommendation for any further action.
NOTE: For training courses not meeting the requirements specified above,
written approval is required from AFS-600.
G. Training Content. FAA Academy courses and FAA Form 4040-2
checkouts must cover the following subjects. Out-of-agency courses will be modified,
whenever possible, to emphasize the following topics:
· Practical test procedures, including use of ACS or
as appropriate, the provisions of this order, and other relevant guidance,
such as the practical test briefing;
· Issues any special emphasis items, such as legal cases affecting
the administration of practical tests, safety issues, and new equipment and procedures; and
· Conducting practical tests while occupying a pilot station and
serving or not serving as a required flightcrew member.
H. Aircraft Applicability. The following guidelines must be observed
when scheduling required recurrent training:
1) Performance of job functions involving flight in turbojets
or airplanes requiring a type rating requires recurrent training in such aircraft.
2) Performance of job functions involving flight in small turboprop
aircraft requires recurrent training in such aircraft or, at alternating annual
intervals, turbojet or large turboprop airplanes. The training does not need
to be in the make or model in order to conduct job functions in that make and model.
3) Performance of job functions involving flight in small piston-powered
airplanes requires recurrent training in such aircraft or, at alternating annual
intervals, in turbine-powered airplanes.
4) Performance of job functions involving flight in helicopters
or gyroplanes requires recurrent training in such aircraft, as appropriate.
5) Performance of job functions involving flights in gliders
or lighter-than-air aircraft requires at least an FAA Form 4040-2 checkout within
the preceding 12 months in the category and, if appropriate, class.
NOTE: For aircraft training combinations not meeting the requirements specified above,
written approval is required from AFS-600.
I. Special Currency Requirements. Notwithstanding the other provisions
of this section, an inspector who conducts a practical test in a small aircraft
while occupying a pilot station, regardless of the inspector’s status as required
flightcrew member, must have made at least three takeoffs and landings in that
category and class of aircraft within the preceding 90 days. If the practical
test is in a tailwheel airplane, the takeoffs and landings must be in a tailwheel
airplane unless rental is impractical. If rental of such aircraft is impractical,
a qualified inspector approved by the RFSD may conduct practical tests in tailwheel
aircraft under the provisions of subparagraph 5-34B below.
J. Inspectors Performing Job Functions Not Requiring Flight.
The need to keep all operations inspectors familiar with current flight test
policies, advances in technology, the operating environment, and other areas
are crucial to the credibility of the AFS inspection force. The recurrent training
provisions of this paragraph should be observed by GA operations
inspectors assigned to RFSDs, HQ, and other administrative positions. Such inspectors
must receive at least one recurrent training course or approved alternative
training every 24 months, unless otherwise approved by the Director of Flight
Standards Service (AFS-1).
5-33 WAIVER AUTHORITY. An RFSD manager may request individual inspector waivers
to the flight training requirements from AFS-600. The waiver will only be issued
when the training has been requested but the courses are unavailable and a current
and qualified inspector is not available. The waiver will be valid for a maximum
of 6 months and will not be reissued. Waivers are strongly discouraged and will
only be issued after all efforts to obtain the required training have been exhausted.
If circumstances warrant the issuance of a waiver, the inspector must be granted
sufficient official duty time, not to exceed 8 hours, to refresh himself or
herself on aircraft systems and procedures. All waivers should expressly prohibit
the inspector from occupying a required flightcrew member seat while performing
duties under the authority of the waiver. The waiver provisions of this paragraph
apply to all aircraft categories. However, the provisions of paragraph 5-32
may not be waived.
A. Overdue Training. Managers should limit waivers of training
to a period of no longer than 6 months since the last training. An inspector’s
manager will schedule an inspector who has not completed RFT in the past 12
months for recurrent training as soon as practical.
B. Retirement or Termination. Inspectors who have indicated an
intention to retire or terminate their service within the 6 calendar-months
after the month in which their recurrent training is due should not be sent
to recurrent training. Inspectors in this category may be placed on a waiver
to this requirement for up to 6 months.
5-34 INSPECTOR AVAILABILITY.
A. Regional Coordination. When it becomes necessary to provide
type rating service for an airman within the United States, the region with
an assigned qualified type rating inspector
should provide the services. When a region requests the services of a type rating
inspector from another region, the division manager (or designated representative)
should request the services of the type rating inspector through the other RFSD manager.
B. LOA. If an application is received for a practical test in an aircraft
that requires a type rating in accordance with §
which a rated and current inspector is not available, AFS-600
may issue an LOA in lieu of a type rating to an inspector who is best qualified
in an aircraft with similar characteristics after coordinating with the applicable
RFSD. This provision is limited to those cases in which an appropriately rated
inspector does not exist. The LOA must name the applicant to be checked. If
an application is received for a practical test in an aircraft where no inspector
meets the requirements of the Operations Inspector Qualifications and Currency
Requirements Matrix, the guidance in this section will be followed.
1) The LOA must name the applicant(s) to be checked, the ASI
authorized to conduct the check, the aircraft make, model, series, and type
(if applicable) in which the check is to be conducted, the specific check to
be accomplished, and the validity period of the LOA. Blanket authorizations
to individual inspectors should not be issued. Each flight test must be handled
on a case-by-case basis.
2) Inspectors issued such an LOA should conduct the practical
test from an approved forward observer’s seat unless circumstances, such as
those described in subparagraph 5-26C, preclude it. In such cases, specific
permission to conduct the practical flight test from a pilot seat must be granted
in the LOA issued by AFS-600.
3) The LOA should not be used as a means to circumvent the recurrent
training requirements of paragraph 5-32.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 5-35 through 5-50.