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8900.1 CHG 618

VOLUME 5  AIRMAN CERTIFICATION

CHAPTER 2  TITLE 14 CFR PART 61 CERTIFICATION OF PILOTS AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS

Section 11  Conduct a Title 14 CFR Part 61 Flight Instructor Initial/Reinstatement/Renewal Certification and Additional Category/Class Ratings

5-496    PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODES.

A.    Original Certification: 1525.

B.    Reinstatement: 1529.

C.    Additional Rating: 1526.

D.    Renewal: 1527 (Flight) and 1528 (No Flight).

5-497    OBJECTIVE. This task determines if an applicant is qualified for an initial flight instructor certificate, a reinstatement of a certificate, a renewal of a certificate, or to add an additional category or class rating to an existing certificate. Completion of this task results in the issuance of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate, with appropriate ratings; FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application; or a Letter of Discontinuance.

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NOTE:  This section does not address a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating. Refer to Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 12; FAA Order 8900.2, General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook, Chapter 7, Section 14; and Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61 subpart K for information on the flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating.

5-498    GENERAL.

A.    Inspector Qualifications. The aviation safety inspector (ASI) performing an airman certification test for flight instructor certification must:

    Possess pilot and flight instructor certificates and ratings in the same category and class as the test being conducted;

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    Meet the applicable requirements of Volume 1, Chapter 3, Section 6; and

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    Have completed on-the-job training (OJT) in that task.

B.    Airworthiness Coordination. When the applicant submits a completed application and the other required documents for a practical flight test, the ASI conducting the practical test or an Airworthiness ASI should review the applicant’s aircraft maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, Airworthiness Certificate, and aircraft registration. The ASI will review these documents to determine if the aircraft is Airworthy and suitable for this practical test. After review, the ASI will return the documents to the applicant.

C.    Knowledge Test. The flight instructor knowledge examination consists of the fundamentals of instructing (FOI) and appropriate rating tests.

1)    An applicant for an initial flight instructor certificate must present two knowledge test reports:
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    One for the FOI, unless test credit is given per subparagraph 5-510I7) below; and

    One for the appropriate flight instructor rating sought.

2)    In addition to passing the FOI knowledge test, an applicant must also pass a second knowledge test for one of the following ratings, appropriate to the instructor rating sought:

    Flight Instructor, Airplane;

    Flight Instructor, Rotorcraft—Helicopter;

    Flight Instructor, Rotorcraft—Gyroplane;

    Flight Instructor, Powered-Lift;

    Flight Instructor, Instrument—Airplane;

    Flight Instructor, Instrument—Helicopter;

    Flight Instructor, Glider; or

    Flight Instructor, Instrument—Powered-Lift.

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5-499    CONDUCT OF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR PRACTICAL TESTS.

A.    Authority and Delegation. The appropriate Flight Standards office may authorize a Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE) to conduct practical tests for the initial issuance, renewal, reinstatement, and addition of a rating to a flight instructor certificate through designation as a Flight Instructor Examiner (FIE).

1)    The appropriate Flight Standards office may authorize highly qualified DPEs as initial FIEs to conduct practical tests for the initial issuance of the flight instructor certificate according to the following procedures:
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a)    The appropriate Flight Standards office must:

1.    Review the qualifications of DPEs whom it deems highly qualified;

2.    Notify the DPEs that they are being considered to administer the tests; and

3.    Inform the DPEs that the authorization is subject to cancellation, at any time and without cause, by the appropriate Flight Standards office.

b)    The appropriate Flight Standards office will direct applicants to DPEs in a fair and equitable manner. A rotating basis is the preferred method of assignment.
c)    The appropriate Flight Standards office is not required to obtain approval before designating or renewing DPEs to conduct the practical tests for the initial issuance of a flight instructor certificate.
2)    The appropriate Flight Standards office is encouraged to use DPEs to conduct all practical tests to the maximum extent possible. The appropriate Flight Standards office should use risked-based decision making along with surveillance to ensure these practical tests are properly administered. This policy is necessary to ensure that the FAA continues to meet its obligations to initial flight instructor applicants in a timely manner (should not exceed 30 days) while providing the highest level of safety.
3)    The appropriate Flight Standards office may only conduct practical tests for the initial issuance of a flight instructor certificate in unique circumstances. The office manager may assign an ASI to conduct a practical test resulting in the initial issuance of a flight instructor certificate on a case-by-case basis.

B.    Recommend Graduates of 14 CFR Part 141 Approved Schools. Part 141, § 141.65 authorizes some pilot schools operating under part 141 to hold examining authority and recommend certain graduates from its approved course for the appropriate flight instructor certificate or rating without taking the FAA knowledge or practical test.

5-500    ESTABLISHING ELIGIBILITY.

A.    Airmen Requirements for Initial Issuance. An applicant may satisfy the aeronautical knowledge requirements of part 61, § 61.185 by showing evidence of ground instruction in the specified areas or presenting a certified college transcript or teaching certificate. When test credit is given, a copy of the teacher’s certificate should be obtained and submitted, along with the airman certification file, to the Airmen Certification Branch. If this is impractical, for whatever reason, the ASI responsible for the certification file should include the following statement in lieu of a copy of the teacher’s certificate: “This is to certify that I have examined the qualifications and credentials of this applicant for a [ground or flight instructor certificate] and find the credentials acceptable to meet the criteria stated in this order and appropriate to the instructor certificate sought.”

1)    As part of the prerequisites for a degree program, a number of colleges and universities in the United States conduct courses in aviation technology and science, and require flight training. However, students attending such schools may not complete all the course requirements for the degree sought. Many of the students enrolled in aviation courses are well qualified in the required subject areas. An applicant’s knowledge in these subject areas must be determined.
2)    A transcript should list the following items or their equivalents:

    Educational psychology,

    General psychology,

    Tests and measurement,

    Aviation or science teaching methods,

    Secondary school curriculum development and lesson planning, and

    Practice teaching in a classroom or on the flight line.

B.    Airmen Requirements for Additional Ratings. All applicants for an added rating must complete any required knowledge test, except for an instructor adding a single-engine or multiengine class rating to an instructor certificate.

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C.    Record/Logbook Endorsement. An ASI, establishing the eligibility of an applicant for a flight instructor certificate, must determine that the applicant meets all applicable requirements of part 61 subpart H. Applicants for an initial flight instructor certificate must satisfy the aeronautical knowledge requirements of § 61.185, as discussed in subparagraph 5-500A. To document eligibility, applicants must possess and present a record of aeronautical experience and a training record certified by the authorized instructor who provided the training for the flight instructor certificate sought. Records include logbook entries of training received and endorsements similar to the sample endorsements provided in Advisory Circular (AC) 61-65, Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors.

NOTE:  AC 61-65 provides a complete list of example endorsements required for a flight instructor practical test (initial certificate or additional rating).

D.    FAA Aviation English Language Standard (AELS).

1)    Early in the process of issuing a flight instructor certificate/rating, the authorized individual conducting the evaluation or testing must determine if the applicant meets the FAA AELS. Volume 5, Chapter 14 provides information, guidance, and the process for an ASI to determine if an applicant or certificated airman meets the English language eligibility requirement for FAA certificates issued under 14 CFR parts 61, 63, 65, and 107. Additionally, AC 60-28, FAA English Language Standard for an FAA Certificate Issued Under 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, 65, and 107, provides information and recommended guidance to applicants, airmen, training organizations, Designated Examiners (DE), and flight and ground instructors on how to determine that an applicant for an FAA certificate or a person holding an FAA certificate meets the FAA AELS. ASIs should be familiar with the information provided in Volume 5, Chapter 14 and AC 60-28 when issuing a flight instructor certificate/rating.
2)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand the English language, then the flight instructor certificate/rating may not be issued unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant being unable to read, speak, write, and understand the English language is because of a medical disability (e.g., a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot certificate and flight instructor certificate. The operating limitation may require the person to be accompanied by another pilot who is qualified to act as a pilot in command (PIC) for the appropriate aircraft category, class, type (if class and type of aircraft is applicable), and operating privilege.
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3)    The FAA Airman Certification Standards (ACS), replacing practical test standards (PTS), provides limited guidance regarding the FAA AELS. The ASI may also use the following examples as guidelines in this evaluation, using either the ACS or PTS (as applicable):
a)    An ASI may ask the applicant to listen to a tape recording of an air traffic control (ATC) clearance or set of instructions and speak and explain the clearance or instructions back to the ASI in the English language.
b)    An instructor may ask an applicant to write down, in English, the meaning of an ATC clearance, set of instructions, or weather report and speak and explain the clearance, instructions, or weather report back to the ASI in the English language.
4)    The intent of the evaluation is not to require the applicant to read, speak, write, and understand the English language at college-level standards. The ASI should be logical when evaluating an applicant for this requirement (refer to § 61.183(b)).

5-501    PRACTICAL TEST.

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A.    Conducting the Practical Test. Although ASIs judge an applicant’s performance by the flight instructor ACS or PTS (as applicable), they may also require an applicant to demonstrate skill and knowledge from other applicable ACS or PTS such as private pilot, commercial pilot, and instrument rating.

B.    Spin Training Requirement.

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1)    Section 61.183(i)(1) requires that an applicant for a flight instructor certificate for a glider or airplane rating must have received a logbook endorsement from an authorized flight instructor who:
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    Has provided the applicant with stall awareness, spin entry, spin, and spin recovery training in an aircraft of the appropriate category that is certified for spins; and

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    Has found the applicant to possess instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spin, and spin recovery procedures.

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2)    Section 61.187 states that an applicant for a flight instructor certificate must have received and logged:

    Flight and ground instruction in the performance and analysis of standard flight training procedures and maneuvers appropriate to the instructor rating sought; and

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    An endorsement by the person who has given the instruction, certifying that the applicant is proficient to pass the practical test on the subjects listed.

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5-502    REINSTATEMENT. A holder of an expired flight instructor certificate issued after November 1, 1975, may have all ratings reinstated by accomplishing a flight instructor additional rating practical test. If appropriate, for an additional flight instructor rating, an aeronautical knowledge test may be required (refer to § 61.183(f)). A military instructor may reinstate a flight instructor certificate based on military equivalency (refer to § 61.199).

A.    Conversion to New System. The holder of a flight instructor certificate issued before November 1, 1975, that does not bear any of the new class or instrument ratings listed in § 61.5(c)(2), (3), or (4), may not exercise the privileges of that certificate. Until November 1, 1975, holders of those old flight instructor certificates were permitted to convert them to the new system of flight instructor certificates and ratings.

1)    Applicants who failed to convert old flight instructor certificates before November 1, 1975, may reinstate those certificates under the provisions of subparagraph B below.
2)    The holder of a flight instructor certificate with a glider rating does not need to convert that rating to a new class rating to exercise the privileges of that certificate and rating.

B.    Reinstatement of Old Instructor Certificates. The FAA did not intend for the revision of part 61 to rescind any privilege previously authorized. The holder of an old flight instructor certificate issued before November 1, 1975, authorizing “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR—AIRPLANES” or “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR—INSTRUMENTS,” may no longer exchange that certificate for a flight instructor certificate issued under revised part 61. However, the applicant may reinstate the old instructor certificate by passing the practical test prescribed by § 61.183 for each aircraft class rating sought. The FAA does not require a knowledge test.

1)    An applicant who holds an old instructor certificate for “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR—AIRPLANES” and wants flight instructor privileges for single-engine and multiengine aircraft must pass both practical tests. If only the single-engine test is completed, the applicant is issued a certificate noting “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR—AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE.”
2)    An applicant who holds an old instructor certificate for “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR—INSTRUMENTS” may be issued a certificate authorizing “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR, INSTRUMENT—AIRPLANE” and/or “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR, INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER,” depending on the category of aircraft in which the applicant passes the practical test.
3)    An applicant who holds an old instructor certificate that authorizes AIRPLANES and INSTRUMENTS may reinstate either or both privileges. An aeronautical knowledge test is not required for flight instructor ratings previously held. If the applicant satisfactorily completes the practical test for airplane instructor privileges, but does not take the test for instrument rating privileges, the new flight instructor certificate would state “FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE, INSTRUMENT INSTRUCTOR EXPIRED [insert date].” If the applicant passes the appropriate practical test, the expired rating may be reinstated.

C.    Old Flight Instructor Ratings on Pilot Certificates. An old instructor rating on a pilot certificate may not be reinstated, exchanged, or used for any current instructor privileges. A flight instructor rating or limited flight instructor rating on a pilot certificate is no longer valid and the holder may not exchange it for a similar rating or a flight instructor certificate. The holder of a pilot certificate with a flight instructor or limited flight instructor rating may be issued a flight instructor certificate only if the applicant passes the knowledge and practical tests, prescribed by § 61.183, for the certificate and rating sought.

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5-503    REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. In accordance with § 61.195, flight instructors may not conduct flight instruction in any aircraft for which they do not hold the appropriate category, class, and type ratings on both their pilot (Commercial or Airline Transport Pilot (ATP)) and flight instructor certificates. However, in the case of those individuals who hold a flight instructor certificate with only an instrument-airplane, instrument‑helicopter, or instrument-powered-lift rating, the following applies:

A.    Category and Class Rating Requirements. Part 61 describes that flight instructors who hold an “INSTRUMENT—AIRPLANE” rating only on their flight instructor certificate are authorized to give instrument flight instruction in single-engine airplanes for instrument rating certification, provided they hold an airplane category and single-engine class rating on their pilot certificate. However, for those instructors who wish to provide instrument training in a multiengine airplane, they must have an airplane category and multiengine class rating on both their pilot and flight instructor certificates.

B.    Helicopter Class Rating. For those flight instructors holding an “INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER” rating only on their flight instructor certificate are limited to conducting instrument flight training in helicopters only. The pilot candidate would be required to possess a rotorcraft-helicopter pilot certificate in advance of the instrument training. These instrument instructors cannot provide training specific to category and class rating experience requirements.

C.    Flight Instructor Ratings Limited to Instrument. Instructors with ratings limited to instrument‑airplane, instrument-helicopter, or instrument-powered-lift may only give instrument flight instruction to pilots who already hold the appropriate category and class ratings in the aircraft that will be used for instrument flight training. This would be flight instruction leading to the addition of an instrument rating to an existing pilot certificate or the associated privileges only. These instrument-only instructors may not certify logbooks or recommend applicants for any aircraft category or class rating requirement.

5-504    RENEWAL OF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATE. Section 61.197(a) states that a holder of a current flight instructor may renew that certificate and rating by passing a practical test for one of the ratings listed on the applicant’s current flight instructor certificate. Section 61.199(a) states that the holder of an expired flight instructor certificate may reinstate that certificate by passing a practical test for one of the ratings listed on the applicant’s expired flight instructor certificate.

A.    Section 61.197(a). A person who holds a flight instructor certificate that has not expired may renew that certificate for an additional 24 calendar-months if the holder:

1)    Passes a practical test for renewal of the flight instructor certificate or an additional flight instructor rating; or
2)    Presents at least one of the following to an ASI:
a)    A record of training students showing that, during the preceding 24 calendar-months, the flight instructor has:

    Endorsed at least five students for a practical test for a certificate or rating, and

    Passed at least 80 percent of those students on the first attempt of the test.

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b)    A record showing that, within the preceding 24 calendar-months, the flight instructor has served in one of the following positions, and has knowledge of its current pilot training standards and FAA certification standards applicable to the duties and responsibilities of:

    A company check pilot,

    A chief flight instructor,

    A company check airman,

    A flight instructor in a 14 CFR part 121 or 135 operation, or

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    A person in a position involving the regular evaluation of pilots.

c)    A graduation certificate showing that, within the preceding 3 calendar-months (of issuance), the person has successfully completed an approved flight instructor refresher course (FIRC), consisting of ground training or flight training, or both.
d)    A record showing that, within the preceding 12 calendar-months from the month of application, the flight instructor passed an official U.S. Armed Forces military instructor pilot proficiency check.

B.    Section 61.197(a)(2)(ii). A flight instructor who serves “in a position involving the regular evaluations of pilots,” and holding an unexpired flight instructor certificate may renew his or her instructor certificates under § 61.197(a)(2)(ii).

1)    The FAA intends the phrase “in a position involving the regular evaluation of pilots” to encompass a variety of activities within various parts of 14 CFR. Regardless of the regulatory part the flight instructor serves under, ASIs should become acquainted with the duties and responsibilities of the applicant’s position. To meet this goal and document the applicant’s eligibility for certificate renewal under this section, the applicant should supply a company manual, which describes the duties and responsibilities of that applicant. The applicant should also provide a letter, on a company letterhead from a management official of that company, attesting that the applicant performed duties and responsibilities involving the regular evaluation of pilots during the previous 24 calendar-months. ASIs should (1) review evidence of the applicant’s employment, which should clearly show that the applicant is in a position involving the regular evaluation of pilots; (2) verify that the applicant has satisfactory knowledge of current FAA pilot training policies and standards; and (3) verify that the applicant has satisfactory knowledge of the FAA certification processes before renewing that applicant’s flight instructor certificate. The following examples describe positions in which applicants may qualify for flight instructor certificate renewal under § 61.197(a)(2)(ii):

    A PIC of a multiple-pilot flightcrew aircraft under part 121,

    A PIC of a multiple-pilot flightcrew aircraft under part 135,

    A PIC of a multiple-pilot flightcrew aircraft under 14 CFR part 91 subpart K (part 91K) or part 125,

    U.S. military pilots who are PICs of multiple-pilot flightcrew aircraft,

    U.S. military instructor pilots and examiners who regularly evaluate pilots, and

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    FAA DPEs or Pilot Proficiency Examiners (PPE).

2)    A holder of a current flight instructor certificate who has been designated as a master certificated flight instructor (CFI) by the National Association of Flight Instructors (NAFI) within the current renewal period may renew his or her flight instructor certificate.
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3)    A holder of a current flight instructor certificate who serves as a flight instructor in the FAA’s Pilot Proficiency Program (WINGS) and gives flight training to qualify pilots for a phase proficiency award may renew his or her certificate, in accordance with the following criteria. That flight instructor must:
a)    Hold a flight instructor certificate that has not expired;
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b)    Hold a current phase of WINGS Program (at any level) at the time of application;
c)    Have evaluated at least 15 WINGS Program-accredited flight activities (any level) during which the flight instructor evaluates at least 5 different pilots, and make appropriate endorsements in the logbook of each pilot for each activity;
d)    Present a record to an ASI showing that the flight instructor has met the requirements of the prior three bullets within the preceding 24 calendar-months before the month of application for renewal of his or her flight instructor certificate; and
e)    Present a completed FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, to an ASI or aviation safety technician (AST) for renewal of his or her flight instructor certificate.
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C.    Section 61.197(a)(2)(iii). Questions have been asked about whether a person who elects to attend an approved FIRC more than once every 24 calendar-months would be permitted to renew his or her flight instructor certificate more frequently. Even though the rule was written in a permissive format, it does not preclude a person from renewing his or her flight instructor certificate once a year or more if the person chooses to renew by attending an approved FIRC with greater frequency. However, for an applicant who renews his or her flight instructor certificate outside the 3 calendar-month window (refer to § 61.197(b)(2)(i)), the new expiration date will be 24 calendar-months from the month of renewal.

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D.    Procedures for Processing a Flight Instructor Certification Renewal Via U.S. Mail. Flight instructor renewal applicants are now able to renew their flight instructor certificates on a personal computer workstation and complete an approved FIRC over the internet. Some flight instructor renewal applicants have inquired about being able to mail in the required documents to renew their flight instructor certificates. The Airmen Certification and Training Branch has approved procedures that will allow a flight instructor renewal applicant whose flight instructor certificate has not expired (meaning the flight instructor has satisfactorily accomplished the flight instructor renewal requirements and has submitted an application prior to the expiration date of his or her flight instructor certificate) to renew his or her flight instructor certificate by sending the application and superseded flight instructor certificate to his or her appropriate Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) via the mail delivery. The procedural requirements that must be followed to accomplish the flight instructor renewal requirements via the mail delivery service are as follows:

1)    The flight instructor renewal applicant is required to submit an original completed FAA Form 8710-1.
2)    The flight instructor renewal applicant must submit his or her permanent flight instructor certificate.
3)    The flight instructor renewal applicant must submit a copy of his or her identification that contains a picture of the applicant (driver’s license, military ID card, etc.). That copy of the applicant’s identification document must be notarized by a notary public.
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4)    If the flight instructor renewal applicant is renewing on the basis of § 61.197(a)(2)(i) or (ii), the applicant must provide copies of the records that substantiate the training of “… at least 5 students for a practical test for a certificate or rating and at least 80 percent of those students passed that test on the first attempt,” or having served as a “…company check pilot, chief flight instructor, company check airman, or flight instructor in a part 121 or part 135 operation, or in a position involving the regular evaluation of pilots.” Those records must be notarized by a notary public.
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5)    If the flight instructor renewal applicant is renewing on the basis of satisfactory completion of a FIRC (i.e., § 61.197(a)(2)(iii)), the applicant will be required to submit a copy of his or her graduation certificate.
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6)    If the flight instructor renewal applicant is renewing on the basis of § 61.197(a)(2)(iv), the applicant must provide a copy of the record showing that, within the preceding 12 calendar-months from the month of application, the flight instructor passed an official U.S. Armed Forces military instructor pilot proficiency check. This record must be an official military record, which documents that the applicant passed a U.S. Armed Forces military instructor pilot proficiency check.
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7)    The appropriate FSDO will then process the application file and issue the flight instructor renewal applicant a Temporary Airman Certificate. The FSDO will then process the applicant’s file and Temporary Airman Certificate to the FAA Airmen Certification Branch (AFB-720), P.O. Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125. The FSDO need not have a signed Temporary Airman Certificate by the flight instructor renewal applicant in order to submit the applicant’s file to the Airmen Certification Branch.
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8)    Per § 61.3(d)(1) (i.e., “or other documentation acceptable to the Administrator”), the flight instructor renewal applicant may use the original of his or her FIRC graduation certificate and a copy of the superseded flight instructor certificate until the applicant’s permanent flight instructor certificate arrives; or the flight instructor renewal applicant may use a copy of his or her FAA Form 8710-1 and a copy of the superseded flight instructor certificate until the applicant’s permanent flight instructor certificate arrives.
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E.    Renewal on the Basis of Acquaintance. The FAA has been asked whether the revision of § 61.197 prevents renewal of a flight instructor certificate on the basis of acquaintance. The old § 61.197 never allowed a person to be renewed merely on the basis of acquaintance. The misconception was erroneously promulgated in the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section on the back of FAA Form 8710-1. The FAA never intended or permitted that an applicant’s flight instructor certificate be renewed merely on the basis of acquaintance. FAA policy has always required ASIs to see evidence of the applicant’s employment, which should clearly show that applicants are in a position involving the regular evaluation of pilots, or to have personal knowledge of an applicant’s flight instructing capabilities and qualities before renewing that applicant’s flight instructor certificate.

F.    Section 61.197(b) Renewal Requirements.

1)    Section 61.197(b) states that if a person accomplishes the renewal requirements of § 61.197(a)(1) or (2) within 3 calendar-months preceding the expiration month of his or her flight instructor certificate:

    The FAA considers that person to have accomplished the renewal requirement of this section in the month due, and

    The current flight instructor certificate will be renewed for an additional 24 calendar-months from its expiration date.

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2)    The statement, “within the 3 calendar-months preceding the expiration month,” in § 61.197(b)(2)(i) means that in computing the 3 calendar-months, one would date backward from the first day of the month even though the flight instructor certificate expires at the end of the month. For example, a person whose flight instructor certificate expires on June 30, 2017, could have attended and completed an approved FIRC at any time on or after March 1, 2017, to June 30, 2017. Also, he or she could have his or her flight instructor certificate renewed for an additional 24 calendar-months with a new expiration date of June 30, 2019.

G.    Section 61.197(c). This section states that instructors may accomplish the practical test required by § 61.197(a)(1) in an approved flight simulator or flight training device if he or she accomplishes the test pursuant to an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under 14 CFR part 142.

H.    Denial of Renewal. If an applicant for renewal is unable to demonstrate by record or practical test that he or she possesses the qualifications for renewal or reinstatement of the flight instructor certificate, the applicant should be issued an FAA Form 8060-5. The form specifies exactly what demonstration of currency and competency will be required for the reinstatement of the instructor certificate or rating. If renewal is denied on the basis of the instructor’s flying proficiency, consideration must be given to action against the instructor’s pilot certificate. Except for a retest, the FAA does not require a flight instructor recommendation for the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate. However, the instructors may recommend additional preparation to the applicant.

5-505    WEATHER-RELATED ACCIDENTS AND THE NEED FOR FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR EMPHASIS ON CRITICAL WEATHER SITUATIONS.

A.    Background. Studies indicate that the most likely candidate for a fatal, weather-related aviation accident is a relatively inexperienced private pilot who receives a reasonably accurate weather briefing before departure. The pilot is usually informed of the existence or potential of a critical weather situation. Typically, the pilot takes one passenger and crashes in weather conditions less than the minimums prescribed for visual flight rules (VFR) flight during daylight hours. Private pilot applicants should be familiar with this profile and should receive the highest quality of meteorological instruction possible. Many applicants for pilot certificates, when asked to collect weather data while planning a cross-country flight, are unable to locate the meteorological information needed to make proper in-flight decisions.

B.    Flight Instructor Responsibilities. ASIs should ensure that flight instructors are aware of the record of private pilots’ weather-related accidents. ASIs should encourage the discussion of critical weather recognition and proper decision making when contacting flight instructors. Flight instructors should stress “the recognition of critical weather situations, while on the ground and in flight, and the procurement and use of aeronautical weather reports and forecasts” during instruction.

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5-506    DESIGNATED PRACTICE AREAS. During routine surveillance and at FIRCs, ASIs should emphasize to flight instructors and flight instructor applicants that they can enhance safety by conducting student instruction and solo practice within designated areas known to ATC and FSDOs.

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5-507    AIRMAN MEDICAL AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATES. The following information provides clarification on the medical certification requirement for flight instructors. FSDOs commonly receive the following inquiries:

    May a flight instructor who does not hold a valid airman Medical Certificate act as a required flightcrew member?

    May a flight instructor who does not hold a valid airman Medical Certificate conduct flight instruction if he or she meets BasicMed requirements as set forth in § 61.113(i)?

    May a certificated pilot who does not hold a valid airman Medical Certificate renew a flight instructor certificate?

    May a certificated pilot who does not hold a valid airman Medical Certificate be issued an initial flight instructor certificate?

A.    Required Flightcrew Member. BasicMed privileges do not extend to anyone other than the person acting as PIC.

B.    Flight Instructor Acting as PIC. Operations under BasicMed extend to flight instructors because a flight instructor is only exercising the privileges of a private pilot. Therefore, an FAA-authorized flight instructor may provide flight instruction while that person is the acting PIC of that instructional flight and is operating under BasicMed (§ 61.3(c)(2)(xiv)).

1)    Section 61.3(c)(1) states that no person may act as a PIC, or in any other capacity as a required flightcrew member of an aircraft, while exercising the privileges of a certificate issued under part 61 unless that person has, in his or her possession, an appropriate current Medical Certificate issued under 14 CFR part 67.
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2)    Section 61.3(c)(2) provides an exception to this requirement. It states, “A person is not required to meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if that person— […] (xiv) Is exercising the privileges of a flight instructor certificate and acting as pilot in command for operations conducted under the conditions and limitations set forth in § 61.113(i) and holds a U.S. driver’s license.”
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C.    Not PIC or Required Crewmember. A flight instructor who is on board an aircraft for the purpose of providing flight instruction and does not act as a PIC or as a required flightcrew member is not performing a function or exercising pilot privileges that would require him or her to possess an appropriate current Medical Certificate in accordance with part 61. Therefore, the FAA does not require a flight instructor who does not exercise pilot privileges as a PIC or required crewmember (such as acting as a safety pilot as described in part 91, § 91.109(c)) while giving flight instruction to have a valid Medical Certificate. Similarly, the FAA does not require a valid Medical Certificate from a certificated pilot who does not exercise privileges as a PIC or as a required crewmember during a practical test leading to the issuance or renewal of a flight instructor certificate. FSDO managers are encouraged not to direct ASIs to act as PICs to permit an applicant to take the practical test for renewal or initial issuance of a flight instructor certificate if that applicant does not hold a valid Medical Certificate (refer to § 61.23(b)). A flight instructor who is acting as a required crewmember but is not exercising pilot privileges as a PIC may not operate under BasicMed.

D.    BasicMed. The new BasicMed rules in parts 61, 68, and 91 became effective May 1, 2017. These rules provide an alternative to the third-class Medical Certificate for eligible pilots that comply with BasicMed rules. The BasicMed privileges apply to persons exercising student, recreational, and private pilot privileges. BasicMed also applies to persons exercising flight instructor privileges when acting as PIC. This is because a flight instructor who is acting as PIC, and is receiving compensation for his or her flight instruction, is only exercising the privileges of a private pilot. AC 68-1, BasicMed, provides additional information.

E.    Public Queries. ASIs receiving questions concerning the information above should ensure that the following points are emphasized in discussion with pilots:

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1)    A flight instructor who acts as a safety pilot during simulated instrument flight, as required by § 91.109(b)(2), is a required pilot flightcrew member and must have an appropriate, current Medical Certificate or, if acting as PIC, meets the requirements of BasicMed as set forth in § 61.113(i). Flightcrew members who are not acting as PIC cannot fly under BasicMed.
2)    A flight instructor who conducts a flight review (required by § 61.56) after a pilot’s currency has expired must act as PIC and have the appropriate current medical and pilot certificates, or meet the requirements of BasicMed set forth in § 61.113(i) and hold the appropriate pilot certificates.
3)    A flight instructor who gives flight instruction and acts as PIC in the capacity of a required pilot flightcrew member must have a valid Medical Certificate or meet the requirements of BasicMed.
4)    A flight instructor who is not acting as PIC but gives flight instruction and acts in the capacity of a required pilot flightcrew member must have a valid Medical Certificate. Per § 61.113(i), BasicMed is only applicable to those persons acting as PIC.
5)    A flight instructor who does not hold a current Medical Certificate or meet the requirements of BasicMed set forth in § 61.113(i) may give, and charge a fee for, flight instruction during any flight in which the certificated pilot being instructed (other than a student pilot) is the PIC, provided the flight instructor at least holds commercial pilot privileges on his or her pilot certificate and does not act as a required pilot flightcrew member.
Indicates new/changed information.
6)    A flight instructor who contemplates the use of a flight instructor certificate when he or she does not hold an appropriate, current Medical Certificate or meet the requirements of BasicMed should be fully aware of the various circumstances under which he or she may be required to assume responsibility for the safety of the aircraft during flight and remain in compliance with applicable regulations.

5-508    PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

A.    Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of the requirements of part 61 and FAA policies and qualification as an ASI (Operations) or AST.

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B.    Coordination. This task requires coordination with the airworthiness unit and Airmen Certification Branch.

5-509    REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.

A.    References (current editions):

    Title 14 CFR Parts 1, 61, 91, 141, 142, and 187 Appendix A.

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    Applicable ACS or PTS (as applicable).

    AC 60-28, FAA English Language Standard for an FAA Certificate Issued Under 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, 65, and 107.

    AC 61-65, Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors.

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    AC 68-1, BasicMed.

    PTRS Procedures Manual (PPM).

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    Volume 5, Chapter 14, FAA English Language Standard for Certification Under 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, 65, and 107.

B.    Forms:

    FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (Figure 5-52).

    FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application (Figure 5-50).

    FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.

C.    Job Aids. Sample letters and figures.

5-510    PROCEDURES.

A.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents to the appointment:

    A Commercial or ATP Certificate.

    A flight instructor certificate (if applicable).

    FAA Form 8500-9, Medical Certificate ______ Class, and a Statement of Demonstrated Ability (SODA), if applicable.

    A knowledge test report (if required).

    A school graduation certificate (if required by § 61.71).

    Personal logbooks that substantiate the flight experience shown on the application form.

    The aircraft maintenance records.

    The aircraft Airworthiness Certificate.

    The aircraft registration.

    An acceptable form of photo identification.

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) aircraft station license documents, if applicable.

B.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment.

1)    Collect the documents indicated above.
2)    Open the PTRS record.
Indicates new/changed information.

C.    Integrated Airman Certification and Rating Application (IACRA). The applicant is encouraged to utilize the IACRA system whenever possible for all applications for pilot certificates and ratings.

1)    IACRA can be accessed at https://iacra.faa.gov/iacra/.
2)    The guidance contained in the rest of this paragraph can be applied to applications made through IACRA as well as through the paper FAA Form 8710-1, although the process steps may be performed in a different order. References to the instructions for FAA Form 8710-1 should be taken to also include the IACRA work instructions.
3)    Notwithstanding the guidance below, no documentation should be mailed to the Airmen Certification Branch when completing the application via IACRA. See Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 4, subparagraph 5-287C for guidance on how to process corrected IACRAs.

D.    Review Application.

1)    In section I of FAA Form 8710-1, ensure that the applicant has checked “Flight” and “Initial.” If the applicant is renewing a flight instructor certificate, ensure that “Renewal” is checked. If the applicant is having a flight instructor certificate reinstated, “Reinstatement” must be checked.
2)    Check the application for accuracy, using the instructions attached to FAA Form 8710-1.
3)    Check to make sure a flight instructor applicant has a logbook endorsement, a signed application, or a written statement signed by the recommending flight instructor no more than 60 days before application for certification.
4)    The date the ASI or AST places next to his or her signature on the application must be the same date as on the temporary flight instructor certificate.
a)    For flight instructor renewal applicants, the date the ASI or AST places next to his or her signature must be a date that is on or before the expiration date of the superseded flight instructor certificate. In the past, some ASIs or ASTs have dated the application and temporary flight instructor certificate using a date that was after the expiration month of the superseded flight instructor certificate. For recordkeeping purposes for the Airmen Certification Branch, it is mandatory that the date on the application and temporary flight instructor certificate be the same date and be a date that is on or before the expiration date of the superseded flight instructor certificate.
b)    Provided the flight instructor renewal applicant renews in the 3 calendar-months preceding the expiration month of the superseded flight instructor certificate or during the month of expiration, that applicant is entitled to keep the expiration month that is on the superseded flight instructor certificate.
5)    In section III of the application, confirm that the applicant listed at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience on the application even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training. If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airmen certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications are examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action and thus the applicant would not be required to complete section III. However, the FAA encourages all applicants to complete section III of the application. This is because the application remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience if an individual were to ever lose his or her logbook.
Indicates new/changed information.

E.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to verify the applicant’s identity. Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1. (See Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3.)

1)    If the applicant’s identity can be verified, proceed with the task.
2)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with the appropriate identification to reapply.
3)    Do not continue with this task if:

    The applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA Form 8710-1.

Indicates new/changed information.

    It appears that an attempt at falsification has been made.

Indicates new/changed information.

F.    General Procedures for Renewal or Reinstatement of a Flight Instructor Certificate. An ASI may require an applicant for renewal or reinstatement to complete all or any portion of the flight instructor practical test that the ASI deems necessary to determine the applicant’s competence to hold a flight instructor certificate. The required tasks that an applicant needs to accomplish to renew/reinstate a flight instructor certificate are covered in the applicable flight instructor ACS or PTS.

Indicates new/changed information.
1)    A flight instructor endorsement is not required for the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate except in accordance with the provisions of § 61.49 for a retest after failure.
2)    A flight instructor certificate is renewed or reinstated with an expiration date 24 calendar-months after the month of renewal/reinstatement or the month of expiration of the current flight instructor certificate, provided the provisions of § 61.197(a) are accomplished within the 3 calendar-months preceding the expiration month of the current flight instructor certificate.
3)    In order to conduct a practical test for the renewal of a flight instructor certificate with more than one aircraft category rating, an ASI must be qualified to conduct a practical test in at least one of the aircraft categories on the flight instructor certificate to be renewed.
4)    An applicant may renew all ratings on a current flight instructor certificate by satisfactorily completing one practical test. Also, the satisfactory completion of a practical test for an additional flight instructor rating constitutes the renewal of a flight instructor certificate.
Indicates new/changed information.

G.    Renew a Flight Instructor Based on Participation in the WINGS Program. Upon receipt of FAA Form 8710-1 from a flight instructor who elects to renew his or her flight instructor certificate on the basis of complying with subparagraph 5-504B3), the approving ASI or AST should complete the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section of FAA Form 8710-1.

Indicates new/changed information.
1)    Review the flight instructor renewal applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 to ensure that the applicant has fully completed the front of the application and has signed and dated the application.
2)    Complete the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section on the reverse side of the flight instructor renewal applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1. The marked boxes in Figure 5-241, Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on WINGS Program Participation Completed by an FAA Inspector), need to be completed by an ASI or AST.
3)    Sign and date the application. This date must be the same date as on the temporary flight instructor renewed certificate.
Indicates new/changed information.

H.    Renew a Flight Instructor Certificate Based on Completion of a FIRC in Accordance With § 61.197(a)(2)(iii). See subparagraph 5-504C. When renewing a flight instructor renewal applicant, the ASI or AST must perform the following:

1)    Review the flight instructor renewal applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 to ensure that the applicant has fully completed the front of the application and has signed and dated the application. If the FIRC is an approved part 141 course, ensure that the applicant has completed section IIC of the application. This area is only completed if the FIRC provider and course is an approved part 141 course.
Indicates new/changed information.
2)    If the FIRC provider has an Airman Certification Representative (ACR) assigned, ensure the ACR has completed the “Designated Examiner or Airman Certification Representative Report” section on the reverse side of the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1. The marked boxes in Figure 5-242, Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a FIRC Completed by an Airman Certification Representative), need to be completed. Additionally, the ACR is required to complete the other areas in Figure 5-242 noted as “To be completed by the ACR” in the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section of the form.
Indicates new/changed information.
3)    If being reviewed by an ASI or AST, complete the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section on the reverse side of the form. The marked boxes in the sample form in Figure 5-242 need to be completed by an ASI or AST.
4)    Sign and date the application. This date must be the same date as on the temporary flight instructor renewed certificate.
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I.    Establish Eligibility.

NOTE:  Refer to §§ 61.183, 61.185, 61.187, and 61.191.

1)    Ensure that the applicant holds either a Commercial Pilot or an ATP Certificate with an aircraft rating appropriate to the instructor rating sought. If the applicant is applying for an airplane instructor rating or an instrument instructor rating, verify that the applicant has an instrument rating.
Indicates new/changed information.
2)    Inspect the applicant’s Medical Certificate and SODA, if applicable, to ensure that it is appropriate to the pilot privileges being exercised. If the applicant is establishing medical eligibility using BasicMed as set forth in § 61.113(i) rather than a Medical Certificate, the applicant must provide the necessary documentation (a valid driver’s license and a certificate of completion of a BasicMed medical education course as required under § 61.23(c)(3)). While an applicant operating under BasicMed is required to maintain the Comprehensive Medical Examination Checklist in his or her logbook in accordance with § 61.113(i)(3)(i), the ASI should not ask to inspect the document due to the private medical information contained therein. The ASI must also confirm with an applicant operating under BasicMed that:
a)    He or she has held a Medical Certificate at any point after July 14, 2006;
b)    The most recent Medical Certificate held has not been suspended or revoked;
c)    If an authorization for a special issuance was issued, it was not withdrawn; and
d)    The most recent application for an airman Medical Certificate submitted to the FAA has not been completed and denied.
3)    Determine whether the applicant is able to read, write, and converse fluently in the English language (see subparagraph 5-500D).
4)    If the applicant graduated from an FAA-approved school, have the applicant present the appropriate graduation certificate. Verify that the date issued shows that the applicant graduated within the past 60 days.
5)    If the applicant is not a graduate of an FAA-approved school and is applying for a flight instructor certificate, have the applicant present evidence of passing a course of instruction in the subjects listed in § 61.185.
6)    Determine if § 61.185(a) requirements are met by having the applicant present evidence of one of the following:

    Satisfactory completion of a home study course or any of the alternatives outlined in AC 61‑65, or

    A certified college transcript listing subjects equivalent to the subjects listed in § 61.185(a).

7)    Determine whether an applicant is required to take the FOI knowledge test by examining the following substitutes:

    A current teacher’s certificate issued by a state, county, or city that authorizes the applicant to teach in a secondary school;

    Proof of regular employment as an instructor in an accredited college or university; and/or

    The applicant’s ground instructor certificate with any rating.

8)    Determine if the applicant satisfies the requirements of § 61.185(a) by an endorsement from a flight or ground instructor, who meets the requirements of § 61.185(a), certifying that the prescribed instruction was given.
9)    Request and examine any of the following documents, which qualify as acceptable evidence of having passed the appropriate knowledge tests:

    Two knowledge test reports, one for the appropriate instructor rating and one for the FOI;

    Test reports from an FAA-approved school with knowledge test examining authority; and/or

    A computer test report from an approved computer testing center.

10)    If the applicant is not a graduate of an FAA-approved school, have the applicant present a logbook endorsement. Ensure that the instructor has signed it and certifies that the applicant is competent to pass a practical test on the required subjects listed in § 61.187(a).
11)    For initial flight instructor certification, the instructor who provides the training and the instructor who recommends the applicant must meet the requirements of § 61.195.
12)    If the applicant has failed the flight (aircraft)-rating practical test, make sure that applicant submits an FAA Form 8710-1 with the instructor’s recommendation for the retest.
13)    Determine if the applicant for an additional flight instructor rating meets specific eligibility requirements, as listed in § 61.191. Ensure that the applicant meets the following requirements:
a)    Holds at least a Commercial Pilot Certificate with ratings appropriate to the instructor rating sought.
Indicates new/changed information.
b)    Holds a valid Medical Certificate and SODA, if applicable, appropriate to the pilot privileges being exercised. If the applicant is establishing medical eligibility using BasicMed as set forth in § 61.113(i) rather than a Medical Certificate, the applicant must provide the necessary documentation (a valid driver’s license and a certificate of completion of a BasicMed medical education course as required under § 61.23(c)(3)). While an applicant operating under BasicMed is required to maintain the Comprehensive Medical Examination Checklist in his or her logbook in accordance with § 61.113(i)(3)(i), the ASI should not ask to inspect the document due to the private medical information contained therein. The ASI must also confirm with an applicant operating under BasicMed that:

1.    He or she has held a Medical Certificate at any point after July 14, 2006;

2.    The most recent Medical Certificate held has not been suspended or revoked;

3.    If an authorization for a special issuance was issued, it was not withdrawn; and

4.    The most recent application for an airman Medical Certificate submitted to the FAA has not been completed and denied.

c)    Has passed the appropriate knowledge test for the instructor rating sought.
d)    Has at least 15 hours of PIC time in the category and class of aircraft appropriate to the rating sought. The record of flight time in section III of the application must show at least the minimum flight experience required for the additional rating sought.
14)    Determine if the applicant for a flight instructor renewal or reinstatement meets specific eligibility requirements:
Indicates new/changed information.
a)    A Commercial Pilot or ATP Certificate with the appropriate ratings.
Indicates new/changed information.
b)    A valid Medical Certificate and SODA, if applicable, appropriate to the pilot privileges being exercised. If the applicant is establishing medical eligibility using BasicMed as set forth in § 61.113(i) rather than a Medical Certificate, the applicant must provide the necessary documentation (a valid driver’s license and a certificate of completion of a BasicMed medical education course as required under § 61.23(c)(3)).
c)    For an applicant operating under BasicMed, that:

1.    He or she has held a Medical Certificate at any point after July 14, 2006;

2.    The most recent Medical Certificate held has not been suspended or revoked;

3.    If an authorization for a special issuance was issued, it was not withdrawn; and

4.    The most recent application for an airman Medical Certificate submitted to the FAA has not been completed and denied.

d)    For an applicant operating under BasicMed, the Comprehensive Medical Examination Checklist is in his or her logbook in accordance with § 61.113(i)(3)(i).

NOTE:  The ASI should not ask to inspect the Comprehensive Medical Examination Checklist due to the private medical information contained therein.

15)    The ASI conducting the practical test or an Airworthiness ASI should review the applicant’s aircraft maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, Airworthiness Certificate, and aircraft registration to determine if the aircraft is Airworthy and suitable for this practical test. After review, the ASI should return the documents to the applicant.
Indicates new/changed information.

J.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the aircraft documents, the ASI should return the application and all submitted documents to the applicant. The ASI should inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility, and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.

Indicates new/changed information.

K.    Conduct Practical Test. After determining if the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the flight instructor certificate and associated ratings, the ASI should conduct the practical test.

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1)    Use the procedures and maneuvers outlined in the applicable flight instructor ACS or PTS for the category and class of aircraft or instrument aircraft rating.
2)    Give credit to the applicant who retests tasks already completed on the previous practical examination (ASI’s option).
3)    If the applicant does not complete the practical test for reasons other than proficiency, issue the applicant a Letter of Discontinuance (see Figure 5-51). Return the application and all submitted documents to the applicant.
4)    Close the PTRS record.
Indicates new/changed information.

L.    Unsatisfactory Performance. Upon determining that an applicant’s practical test performance is not satisfactory, the ASI should terminate the practical test and inform the applicant of the reasons for the termination.

1)    Prepare in duplicate FAA Form 8060-5 (see Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 6 and Figure 5-50).
a)    Record any specific procedures or maneuvers that must be repeated by the applicant on FAA Form 8060-5.
b)    Record the number of practical test failures by the applicant for this certificate or rating on FAA Form 8060-5.
2)    Proceed with the following suspension action if an applicant fails a practical test for the renewal of a flight instructor certificate that would normally remain valid for more than 30 days.
a)    Prepare three copies of FAA Form 8060-5 bearing the following statement: “An applicant must pass a practical test given by an FAA ASI within 15 days, or the FAA will take action to suspend the certificate.”
b)    Give two copies of FAA Form 8060-5 to the applicant, file the original and the application form at the FSDO, and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
c)    If the applicant does not pass the practical test, open a PTRS record for airman certification technical assistance (PTRS code 1595) with a date for initiating enforcement action.
3)    If the applicant’s flying proficiency is seriously in doubt, begin reexamination action against the applicant’s pilot certificate in accordance with the regulations. (See Volume 5, Chapter 7, Section 1.)
4)    Forward the certification file to the Airmen Certification Branch.
Indicates new/changed information.

M.    Satisfactory Performance. The ASI should issue a Temporary Airman Certificate to the applicant who meets all requirements for a flight instructor certificate.

1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in duplicate, as indicated in Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 5 (see Figure 5-52).
2)    Enter the following ratings, when appropriate, on the certificate:

    Airplane, Single-Engine;

    Airplane, Multiengine;

    Instrument, Airplane;

    Instrument, Helicopter;

    Rotorcraft, Helicopter;

    Rotorcraft, Gyroplane;

    Glider;

    Powered-Lift; and

    Instrument, Powered-Lift.

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3)    Enter the following mandatory limitation for a CFI certificate: “VALID ONLY WHEN ACCOMPANIED BY PILOT CERTIFICATE NO. xxxxxxx EXPIRES xx/xx/xxxx.”
4)    Enter the expiration date on the certificate. Inform the applicant that the certificate expires at the end of the 24th calendar-month after the month it is issued.
Indicates new/changed information.
5)    Use the same certificate number on the temporary certificate that is on the superseded flight instructor certificate, or in the case of an original certificate issuance, the certificate number on the applicant’s pilot certificate followed by the letters “CFI.”
Indicates new/changed information.
6)    If the applicant is eligible for a Gold Seal Certificate, see Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 13.
Indicates new/changed information.
7)    Complete the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section and the “Attachments” section on FAA Form 8710-1. Sign the reverse side of FAA Form 8710-1.
Indicates new/changed information.
8)    Forward the completed file to the Airmen Certification Branch.
9)    Return to the applicant all submitted documents not forwarded to the Airmen Certification Branch.
Indicates new/changed information.
10)    Indicate satisfactory performance approval on one copy of FAA Form 8060-5 if a suspension action was pending on the applicant’s flight instructor certificate at another FSDO. Forward one copy of FAA Form 8060-5 to the ASI at the other FSDO who issued the previous Notice of Disapproval of Application.
Indicates new/changed information.

N.    PTRS. Complete the PTRS record in accordance with the PPM.

5-511    TASK OUTCOMES. Completion of this task results in the issuance of one of the following:

    Temporary Airman Certificate,

    Notice of Disapproval of Application, or

    Letter of Discontinuance.

5-512    FUTURE ACTIVITIES.

A.    When a suspension action is pending because the applicant did not pass a practical test for the renewal of a flight instructor certificate, one of the following future activities will result:

1)    Suspension action must be initiated if the applicant has not passed the practical test in the allotted time.

NOTE:  Refer to FAA Order 2150.3, Compliance and Enforcement Program.

2)    Close the PTRS entry if the applicant passes the practical test in the required time.

B.    The applicant may return for a renewal or reinstatement.

C.    The applicant may return for an additional flight instructor rating.

Indicates new/changed information.

Figure 5-50.  Sample FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application—Flight Instructor

Figure 5-50. Sample FAA Form 8060 5, Notice of Disapproval of Application—Flight Instructor

Indicates new/changed information.

Figure 5-51.  Sample Letter of Discontinuance

FAA Letterhead

[Date]

[Applicant’s Name and Address]

Dear [Applicant’s Name]:

On this date, you successfully completed the oral portion of the practical test for a [indicate grade] certificate with an [indicate category] and [indicate class] class rating. The practical test was discontinued because of [indicate reason].

If application is made by [indicate date 60 days from date of letter], this letter may be used to show the following portions of the practical test which have been completed satisfactorily:

[Indicate areas of operation completed on the test]

After [indicate expiration date], you must repeat the entire practical test.

This letter does not extend the expiration date as shown on the knowledge test results, Medical Certificate, or required endorsements.

Sincerely,

[Signature of inspector conducting practical test]

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

Figure 5-52.  Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate—Flight Instructor

Figure 5-52. Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate—Flight Instructor

Indicates new/changed information.

Figure 5-240.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on WINGS Program Participation Completed by an FAA Designated Examiner)

Figure 5-240. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on WINGS Program Participation Completed by an FAA Designated Examiner)

Figure 5-241.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on WINGS Program Participation Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-241. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on WINGS Program Participation Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-242.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a FIRC Completed by an Airman Certification Representative)

Figure 5-242. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a FIRC Completed by an Airman Certification Representative)

 

Figure 5-243.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a FIRC Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-243. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a FIRC Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-244.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 61 Experience)

Figure 5-244. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 61 Experience)

Figure 5-245.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 141 School Without Examining Authority)

Figure 5-245. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 141 School Without Examining Authority)

Figure 5-246.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 141 School With Examining Authority)

Figure 5-246. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor 14 CFR Part 141 School With Examining Authority)

Figure 5-247.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor Based on a Practical Test by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-247. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Initial or Added Flight Instructor Based on a Practical Test by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-248.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a Practical Test Completed by an FAA Designated Examiner)

Figure 5-248. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a Practical Test Completed by an FAA Designated Examiner)

 

Figure 5-249.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on an Activity or Duties and Responsibilities Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-249. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on an Activity or Duties and Responsibilities Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-250.   Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a Practical Test Completed by an FAA Inspector)

Figure 5-250. Sample FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Page 2) (For Renewal of Flight Instructor Certificate Based on a Practical Test Completed by an FAA Inspector)

RESERVED. Paragraphs 5-513 through 5-530.