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VOLUME 5  AIRMAN CERTIFICATION

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CHAPTER 4  TITLE 14 CFR Part 63 Certification—FlightCrew members Other Than Pilots

Section 1  Application Phase—Flight Engineer Applicants Engaged in Operations Under Title 14 CFR Part 121, 135, or 91 Subpart K

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Source Basis:

    Section 63.1, Applicability.

    Section 63.3, Certificates and Ratings Required.

    Section 63.11, Application and Issue.

    Section 63.13, Temporary Certificate.

    Section 63.17, Tests: General Procedure.

    Section 63.31, Eligibility Requirements; General.

    Section 63.33, Aircraft Ratings.

    Section 63.35, Knowledge Requirements.

    Section 63.37, Aeronautical Experience Requirements.

    Section 63.39, Skill Requirements.

    Section 63.41, Retesting After Failure.

    Section 63.43, Flight Engineer Courses.

    Appendix C to Part 63, Flight Engineer Training Course Requirements.

5-981    APPLICABILITY. Volume 5, Chapter 4 provides direction, guidance, and procedures for the conduct of Flight Engineer (FE) certifications, and the addition of class ratings to FE Certificates. Inspectors and examiners should refer to the direction and guidance in Volume 5, Chapter 1, Sections 1 and 3, which contain general information applicable to FE certification.

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5-982    ELIGIBILITY FOR THE FLIGHT ENGINEER (FE) KNOWLEDGE TEST. Applicants who possess an unrestricted Commercial Pilot Certificate and instrument rating or Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certificate not limited to visual flight rules (VFR) issued by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) or an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Member State may take a knowledge test without further demonstration of eligibility. Other applicants may not take the FE knowledge test without an inspector having first established their eligibility for the certificate. Applicants must meet all of the eligibility requirements, except for age and flight training, before being authorized to take an FE knowledge test or being issued FAA Form 8060-7, Airman’s Authorization for Written/Knowledge Test. Inspectors should use the Flight Engineer Knowledge Test Authorization Job Aid to complete this task (see Figure 5-126). The requirements are specified in an abbreviated form on the job aid. A discussion of the eligibility requirements follows.

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A.    Initial FE Certificate. Each applicant for an initial FE Certificate must pass the basic knowledge test and a class rating knowledge test. The following three class ratings are on the FE Certificate: reciprocating, turbopropeller, and turbojet.

B.    Additional Class Rating. An applicant for an additional class rating to be added to an FE Certificate only needs to take the appropriate class rating knowledge test.

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C.    Authority to Administer Test. Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 63, § 63.35(e) permits the principal operations inspector (POI) to authorize 14 CFR part 121 air carriers to administer knowledge tests for additional class ratings. Only flightcrew members employed by the air carrier and enrolled in the air carrier’s approved part 121 FE training curriculum, however, may be tested under this provision. In this case, the knowledge test is administered as part of the training program, and an authorization from an FAA inspector is not required for an applicant to take the test.

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NOTE:  The provision of § 63.35(e) does not apply to training programs approved solely under part 63 appendix C, which have not also been approved under part 121.

D.    Aviation English Language Standard (AELS). Applicants must be able to read, speak, and understand the English language or have an appropriate limitation placed on their FE Certificate. The current edition of Advisory Circular (AC) 60-28, FAA English Language Standard for an FAA Certificate Issued Under 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, 65, and 107, provides expanded guidance on how to determine English language abilities and skills required for FE certification. If the applicant does not meet the FAA AELS, the inspector may not issue a knowledge test authorization.

E.    Aeronautical Experience. Applicants must meet one of the following aeronautical experience requirements specified by § 63.37(b)(1) through (7) before taking the knowledge test:

1)    Per § 63.37(b)(1), the applicant must have accumulated 3 years of diversified practical experience in aircraft and engine maintenance. At least 1 year of this experience must have been on multiengine aircraft of 800 horsepower or greater, or the turbine engine equivalent.
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2)    Per § 63.37(b)(2), the applicant must have graduated from a 2-year aircraft and engine maintenance course, of which at least 6 months was devoted to the maintenance of multiengine aircraft of 800 horsepower, or greater, or the turbine engine equivalent.
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3)    Per § 63.37(b)(3), the applicant must hold a degree in aeronautical, electrical, or mechanical engineering and 6 months of practical experience in the maintenance of multiengine aircraft of 800 horsepower or greater, or the turbine equivalent of the class sought.
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4)    Per § 63.37(b)(4), the applicant must hold an unrestricted Commercial Pilot Certificate and an instrument rating or ATP Certificate not limited to VFR issued by an ICAO Member State.
5)    Per § 63.37(b)(5), the applicant must have accumulated 200 hours of flight time as pilot in command (PIC) or second in command (SIC) performing the duties of PIC in a transport category aircraft or a military aircraft of equivalent weight and power, having at least two engines.
6)    Per § 63.37(b)(6), the applicant must have accumulated 100 hours of flight time as an FE in an aircraft requiring an FE or an aircraft having at least three engines, which has at least 800 horsepower or the equivalent in turbine-powered engines.
7)    Per § 63.37(b)(7), within the previous 90 days, the applicant must have completed the ground portion of an approved part 63 appendix C, FE training course for the class rating for which the application has been made.
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F.    FAA Form 8060-7. When an inspector has verified that the applicant meets the requirements, the applicant is entitled to take the knowledge test. The inspector must complete FAA Form 8060-7 and give it to the applicant. The expiration date on the form will be 6 calendar-months from the date the form is completed. If appropriate, the inspector should remind the applicant that proof of age will be required for issuance of the certificate.

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5-983    ELIGIBILITY FOR THE ORAL TEST. Before beginning the oral test, the inspector or examiner should obtain and use the Flight Engineer Oral Test Job Aid (see Figure 5-130 in Volume 5, Chapter 4, Section 2). This job aid specifies the eligibility requirements in abbreviated form.

A.    Medical Certificate. The applicant must present a current medical certificate of second class or higher.

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B.    Application. The applicant must complete sections 1 through 6 of the FAA Form 8400-3, Application for an Airman Certificate and/or Rating, and present it to the inspector or examiner (see Figure 5-127, FAA Form 8400-3, Application for an Airman Certificate and/or Rating (Front Only)).

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C.    Notice of Disapproval of Application. An applicant who has failed a test segment must provide a copy of the FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application. An applicant who is unable to produce this notice of disapproval must repeat the entire test segment.

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D.    Airman Knowledge Test Report (AKTR). An applicant for an additional class rating must submit a valid certified AKTR for the appropriate additional class rating. An applicant may also submit proof of having satisfactorily passed a knowledge test given as part of an approved part 121 FE training curriculum for the class rating sought.

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E.    Basic FE Test and Class Rating Test Results. An applicant for an original FE Certificate must submit a valid certified AKTR showing satisfactory results of the basic FE test and the appropriate class rating test. Inspectors and examiners may not accept expired AKTRs unless the applicant provides written evidence of continued eligibility (see paragraph 5-984 below).

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F.    Flight Training. Applicants qualifying under the provisions of § 63.37(b)(1) through (4) must supply acceptable documentary evidence of completing 5 hours of flight training at the FE station in the airplane type in which the flight test is to be taken. Training in a flight simulation training device (FSTD) may not be substituted for flight training in the airplane for applicants qualifying under these subparagraphs. The airman conducting the training must hold an FE Certificate with appropriate class ratings and be qualified in the airplane.

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G.    Training Records. An applicant qualifying under the provisions of § 63.37(b)(7) must supply training records or a written statement showing completion of the ground and flight training phases of an approved training program.

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5-984    REQUIREMENTS TO EXTEND THE VALIDITY DATE OF AN AKTR. An applicant must meet one of two sets of requirements to be eligible for an extension of the validity date of the AKTR.

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A.    For Air Carrier Employees. The following criteria apply to flightcrew members and mechanics employed by a part 121 air carrier or part 135 commuter air carrier. Employment by a part 135 on-demand air carrier/operator does not qualify an applicant for an extension.

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1)    Section 63.35 states that the applicant must have been employed as a flightcrew member or a mechanic by a part 121 air carrier or a part 135 commuter air carrier within the period ending 24 calendar-months after the month of passing the knowledge test and must have become employed by a part 121 air carrier or part 135 commuter air carrier at the time of the flight test.
2)    Applicants who are flightcrew members must have completed initial new-hire training, initial equipment training, or, if appropriate, transition training.
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3)    Applicants who are flightcrew members must meet recurrent training requirements of part 121 or 135.
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4)    Applicants who are mechanics must meet the recency-of-experience requirements of 14 CFR part 65.
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5)    Applicants must be currently employed by a part 121 air carrier or a part 135 commuter air carrier. However, applicants do not need to have been continuously employed by a qualified air carrier between the time they passed the knowledge test and the time they apply to take the oral and flight tests.

B.    For Military Applicants. The following criteria apply to applicants who apply for extensions on the basis of participation in a training program of a scheduled military transport service.

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1)    Applicants must have participated in an FE or maintenance training program within the period ending 24 calendar-months after passing the knowledge test.
2)    Applicants must be currently participating in a military FE or maintenance training program.
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5-985    ELIGIBILITY FOR THE FLIGHT TEST. Before beginning the flight test, the inspector or examiner should obtain and use the Flight Engineer Flight Test Job Aid (see Figure 5-131 in Volume 5, Chapter 4, Section 2). An applicant must present training records, logbooks, or a written statement from a company official that shows that FE flight training was accomplished.

A.    Graduates of Approved Part 63 Appendix C FE Training Curricula. Applicants who are graduates of these curricula must have completed the flight training specified by the approved curriculum.

1)    All applicants meeting the experience requirement of § 63.37(b)(7), except those holding Commercial Pilot Certificates (or higher) with instrument ratings, must have completed a minimum of 5 hours of flight training at the FE station in the airplane type that will be used for the flight test.
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2)    Applicants meeting the experience requirement of § 63.37(b)(7) and who hold a Commercial Pilot Certificate (or higher) with an instrument rating may complete the entire flight training requirement in an FSTD. The training must be conducted with a full crew complement.
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NOTE:  Part 121 initial and transition FE training programs do not automatically qualify as part 63 appendix C training programs. Unless the part 121 air carrier has obtained approval for its training program under part 63, applicants must qualify under the provisions of § 63.37(b)(1) through (6).

B.    Other Applicants.

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1)    An applicant who is qualifying for the certificate under the provisions of § 63.37(b)(1) through (4) is required to have acquired a minimum of 5 hours of flight training in the type of airplane to be used in the flight test.
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2)    An applicant who is qualifying for the certificate under the provisions of § 63.37(b)(5) or (6) is not required to complete flight training before the flight test.
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5-986    TIME LIMITS FOR THE TESTING PROCESS. The flight test must be completed within 60 days of the oral test. If the flight test is accomplished with a combination of FSTD and airplane segments, the airplane segment must be completed within 30 days of the completion of the FSTD segment. If the oral test and FSTD tests have been completed and the airplane segment of the test is delayed, the oral may be repeated (out of sequence) to avoid exceeding the 60-day limit to complete all test requirements.

5-987    ENDORSEMENT OF FE APPLICANTS RETESTING WITHIN 30 DAYS OF FAILURE.

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A.    Applicant Additional Practice or Instruction. Section 63.41 states that an applicant for an FE Certificate who fails a knowledge or practical test for that certificate may apply for retesting after 30 days after the date the applicant failed that test; or after the applicant “has received additional practice or instruction (flight, synthetic trainer, or ground training, or any combination thereof) that is necessary, in the opinion of the Administrator or the applicant’s instructor (if the Administrator has authorized him to determine the additional instruction necessary) to prepare the applicant for retesting.” Section 63.41 does not address who may endorse an FE applicant’s AKTR or FAA Form 8400-3 for the purpose of providing a statement attesting that the applicant has received instruction in the subjects failed and is competent to pass the test. This paragraph provides guidance to help clarify the ambiguity concerning the endorser and the method of endorsement.

B.    Endorser Eligibility. The following lists contain those persons, other than aviation safety inspectors (ASI), eligible to provide the appropriate endorsement for an FE applicant to retake either the knowledge test or practical test within 30 days of failure.

1)    For the knowledge test:

    A certificated FE with an appropriate class rating;

    A U.S. Armed Forces FE instructor or standardization/evaluation FE for that airplane class; or

    An instructor employed by a training facility approved under § 63.43.

2)    For the practical test:
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    A certificated FE with an appropriate class rating who is current and qualified in accordance with part 91, § 91.529(b); part 121, § 121.453(a); or part 125, § 125.265(b); or

    A U.S. Armed Forces FE instructor or standardization/evaluation FE who is current and qualified in the appropriate airplane type.

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C.    Verification of Endorser’s Eligibility. Before retaking the knowledge or practical test, the FE applicant must present verification of the endorser’s eligibility. When the endorser is a U.S. Armed Forces FE instructor or standardization/evaluation FE for a specific airplane class or type, the endorser must provide the applicant with copies of flight logs, military qualification forms, or a statement from the military supervisor, documenting the endorser’s eligibility. The applicant must present this documentation before retaking the knowledge test; however, this documentation does not have to be attached to the form. If the endorser is an instructor employed by a training facility approved under § 63.43, that endorser must provide the applicant with a statement from the approved training facility. The statement must contain certification of the endorser’s position as an instructor at that training facility. The applicant must present this statement of the endorser’s position before retaking the practical test; however, the statement does not have to be attached to the form.

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D.    Endorser Completion of Statement on the AKTR and FAA Form 8400-3. The applicant’s endorser must fill out either the applicant’s AKTR or FAA Form 8400-3 (for the practical test) as follows:

1)    Complete the statement on the AKTR.
a)    An FAA-certificated FE must complete the statement on the AKTR by entering his or her last name and first initial, FE certificate number, class rating, and signature (e.g., “Brown, J., FE2069084, Reciprocating”).
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b)    A U.S. Armed Forces standardization/evaluation FE or FE instructor for the specific airplane class must complete the AKTR by signing and then listing the branch of service and type of designation in lieu of a certificate number (e.g., “Brown, J., USAF, FE Instructor”).
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c)    Instructors employed by a training facility approved under § 63.43 must complete the AKTR by signing and then listing the approved training facility name and position title (e.g., “Brown, J., UAL, FE Instructor”).
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2)    Complete FAA Form 8400-3. A U.S. Armed Forces standardization/evaluation FE or FE instructor for the specific airplane type must complete section 7 by signing and then listing the branch of service and type of designation in lieu of a certificate number (e.g., “John Brown, USAF, FE Instructor, C-141 (L-300)”).

Figure 5-126.  Flight Engineer Knowledge Test Authorization Job Aid

APPLICANT NAME: _________________________________________

INSPECTOR SIGNATURE: ___________________________________

DISTRICT OFFICE: _________________________________________

REQUIREMENTS TO TAKE KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATION

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[ ]    A.    Read, speak, and understand English.

[ ]    B.    Age: 19 years

Note:  A current medical certificate is not required.

[ ]    EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENT. The applicant must provide written proof of meeting one of the subparagraphs of 14 CFR part 63, § 63.37(b):

(Circle applicable number)

1.    3 years diversified maintenance experience, 1 year of which must be on multiengine aircraft of 800 hp.

2.    Graduate of 2-year maintenance course, 6 months of which must have been on multiengine aircraft of 800 hp or greater.

3.    A degree in aeronautical, electrical, or mechanical engineering and 6 months maintenance experience on multiengine aircraft of 800 hp or greater.

4.    Holds a Commercial Pilot Certificate and an instrument rating.

5.    Pilot-in-command experience: 200 hours PIC or SIC performing PIC duties in transport category airplanes or equivalent multiengine military airplanes.

6.    Engineer time: 100 hours in airplanes requiring an engineer or having three engines of at least 800 hp or the equivalent turbine power.

7.    Within the previous 90 days, completion of ground portion of approved FE training program.

ELIGIBILITY ESTABLISHED

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[ ]    Complete and issue FAA Form 8060-7, Airman’s Authorization for Written/Knowledge Test.

[ ]    Complete the PTRS record. Use activity code 1576.

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Figure 5-127.  FAA Form 8400-3, Application for an Airman Certificate and/or Rating (Front Only)

Figure 5-127. FAA Form 8400-3, Application for an Airman Certificate and/or Rating (Front Only)

RESERVED. Paragraphs 5-988 through 5-1005.