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VOLUME 5  Airman Certification

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CHAPTER 4  Title 14 CFR Part 63 Certification—Flightcrew members other than pilots

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Section 4  Conduct a Flight Engineer Proficiency Check

5-1056    PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS). For Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 125, use activity codes:

A.    Initial Operating Experience: 1356.

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B.    Proficiency Check: 1541, 1542, 1543.

5-1057    OBJECTIVE. The objective of this task is to determine an applicant’s qualification to act as a Flight Engineer (FE) on 14 CFR part 125 airplanes requiring three crewmembers. Successful completion of this task results in an indication of satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance on Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Form 8410-1, Airman Proficiency/Qualification Check.

5-1058    GENERAL. Some aircraft are type-certificated for three flightcrew members (e.g., B-727, DC-10), and part 125 operators using such aircraft must employ FEs. An existing operator wishing to use an FE crewmember who does not meet the recency-of-experience requirements will request a proficiency check from the FAA if the operator has no FE check airman. An applicant for a part 125 certificate will have prospective FEs evaluated as part of the demonstration and inspection phase during certification. If the prospective FE does not meet the recency-of-experience requirements, the proficiency flight check must be conducted.

A.    Existing Operators. The principal operations inspector (POI) is responsible for ensuring that FE flight checks are accomplished when they are requested by an operator. The POI may conduct the check or may assign a qualified operations inspector to do so.

B.    Part 125 Applicants. The certification project manager is responsible for ensuring that FE flight checks are accomplished when they are required for initial certification. The project manager may conduct the check, if qualified, or have a member of the certification team conduct the check, if qualified. If no one on the team is qualified, the project manager must coordinate with the operations unit manager to have a qualified inspector conduct the test.

5-1059    FE QUALIFICATIONS. For part 125 operations, a person may serve as a required FE if that person has had, within the preceding 6 calendar-months, at least 50 hours of flight time as an FE on the type of airplane involved.

A.    Medical Certificate Requirements. The FE must also hold at least a second-class medical certificate issued under 14 CFR part 67 within the preceding 12 months.

B.    FE Class Ratings. The FE must have at least one of the following aircraft class ratings on the FE Certificate as appropriate:

    Reciprocating-engine-powered,

    Turbopropeller-powered, or

    Turbojet-powered.

5-1060    USE OF FLIGHT SIMULATORS FOR FE CHECKS. FEs possessing a Commercial Pilot Certificate with an instrument, category, and class rating, or pilots already qualified as second in command (SIC) and reverting to FE may complete the entire flight check in an approved airplane simulator.

5-1061    KNOWLEDGE PORTION OF THE FE FLIGHT CHECK. In addition to the topics covered in subparagraphs 5-1066D and 5-1066E below, the inspector must determine that the applicant is familiar and competent with all essential current information and operating procedures used by the operator. The oral or written test must be designed for the make and model (M/M) airplane to be used for the test. If a simulator is used, the oral or written test must reflect the M/M airplane the FE will be flying.

5-1062    FLIGHT CHECK JOB AIDS. FAA Form 8410-1 is used to indicate whether performance is satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Figure 5-133, Flight Engineer Flight Check Job Aid, is used to assure that all appropriate areas are covered during the check.

5-1063    EVALUATING FEs.

A.    Unsatisfactory Items. Any item checked unsatisfactory on FAA Form 8410-1 results in a failure of the entire flight check.

B.    Evaluation Criteria. In addition to the objective standards provided in paragraph 5-1066, the inspector bases the decision on the following:

    The FE’s timeliness and accuracy in execution of duties,

    The FE’s comfort at panel, and

    How well the FE coordinated with the other crewmembers.

5-1064    PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

A.    Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of regulatory requirements in part 125, FAA policies, FE flight check procedures, task background, and qualification as an Aviation Safety Inspector—Operations (ASI-OP).

B.    Coordination. This task requires coordination with the POI, the operations unit supervisor, and, possibly, the airworthiness unit.

5-1065    REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.

A.    References (current editions):

    Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.).

    Title 14 CFR Part 63.

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    Title 14 CFR Part 125, specifically § 125.265.

    Advisory Circular (AC) 125-1, Operations of Large Airplanes Subject to 14 CFR Part 125.

B.    Forms. FAA Form 8410-1, Airman Proficiency/Qualification Check.

C.    Job Aids. Sample figures and letters.

5-1066    PROCEDURES.

A.    District Office Receives Request for FE Check. Requests for FE checks come from operators who do not have the services of a FE check airman or from applicants for a part 125 certificate.

B.    Schedule Flight Check. Based on inspector workload and office requirements, schedule a date, place, and time for the check.

C.    Verify Applicant’s Identity and Certificates.

1)    Verify the FE’s identification (driver’s license, employee identification, etc.).
2)    Determine if the person holds an FE Certificate appropriate for the airplane used in the check.
3)    Determine if the person holds at least a valid second-class medical certificate (part 63, § 63.31).
4)    If the FE does not present the appropriate and current certificates, advise the airman that the flight check cannot be administered and make entry into PTRS. Advise the company in writing (see Figure 5-134, Letter Advising Pilot Not Qualified for Flight Engineer Check).
5)    If the FE does present the appropriate and current certificates, conduct the knowledge portion of the FE check.

D.    Conduct the Knowledge Portion of the FE Check. The knowledge portion of the check consists of an oral or written test covering the following subjects:

1)    The 14 CFR part that apply to FEs.
2)    The theory of flight and aerodynamics.
3)    Basic meteorology with respect to engine operations.
4)    Center of gravity (CG) computations.
5)    Preflight of the airplane to be used in the check.
6)    Calculation of aircraft performance data.
7)    Airplane equipment.
8)    Airplane systems, including specifications, construction features, flight controls, hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems, electrical systems, anti-icing and deicing systems, pressurization and air‑conditioning systems, vacuum systems, pitot-static systems, instrument systems, and fuel and oil systems.
9)    Engines, including construction features, lubrication, ignition, carburetion and induction, supercharging and fuel control systems, accessories, propellers, and instrumentation.
10)    Airplane loading.
11)    Airplane procedures and engineer operations, with respect to limitations.
12)    Normal operating procedures (ground and flight), including, as appropriate, servicing methods and procedures; operation of all airplane systems; operation of all engine systems; aircraft loading and CG computation; cruise control (normal, long range, maximum endurance); power and fuel computation; and meteorology as applicable to engine operation.
13)    Emergency procedures and emergency equipment, as appropriate to:

    Landing gear, brakes, flaps, speed brakes, and leading edge devices;

    Pressurization and air-conditioning;

    Portable fire extinguishers;

    Fuselage fire and smoke control;

    Loss of electrical power;

    Engine fire control;

    Engine shutdown and restart;

    Oxygen;

    Hydraulic system; and

    Fuel system.

14)    Mathematical computation of engine operations and fuel consumption.

NOTE:  If the FE fails the knowledge portion of the test, determine whether or not to continue with the skill or flight portion of the test.

E.    Conduct the Skill Portion of the FE Check.

1)    Observe the FE conduct a walk-around inspection.
a)    The inspection must be in accordance with the FAA-approved flight manual or the company manual.
b)    The inspection must include the procedures outlined in the flight check job aid (Figure 5-133).
2)    Observe the FE’s performance during servicing. The FE must adhere to the safe operating procedures outlined in the company policies and procedures manual and the approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM).
3)    Observe the FE’s performance during engine start, power checks, pretakeoff procedures, postlanding procedures, and shutdown procedures. The FE must follow the procedures in the company policies and procedures manual and the approved AFM.
4)    Observe inflight performance of assigned duties during taxi, runup, takeoff, climb, cruise, descent, approach, and landing. The FE must follow safe operating practices and procedures in the company policies and procedures manual and the approved AFM.
5)    Observe normal duties and procedures relating to the airplane, airplane engines, propellers (if appropriate), and other systems and appliances, including power control, temperature control, engine operations analysis, operation of all systems, fuel management, logbook entries, pressurization, and air conditioning. The FE must follow safe operating practices and procedures in the company policies and procedures manual and the approved AFM.
6)    Observe the FE performing emergency duties and procedures. The FE must recognize and take appropriate action for malfunctions of the airplane, engines, propellers (if appropriate), and systems and appliances, including:

    Analysis of abnormal engine operation;

    Analysis of abnormal operation of all systems and corrective actions;

    Engine fire control;

    Fuselage fire control;

    Smoke control;

    Loss of power or pressure in each system;

    Engine overspeed;

    Fuel dumping;

    Landing gear, spoilers, speed brakes, and flap extension and retraction;

    Engine shutdown and restart; and

    Use of oxygen.

F.    Evaluate the FE’s Performance.

1)    If the FE failed the check:
a)    Debrief the FE on the reasons for failure.
b)    Complete FAA Form 8410-1, in duplicate, indicating reasons for disapproval.
c)    Give one copy of the completed FAA Form 8410-1 to the FE and one copy to the POI for the district office files.
d)    Make the appropriate PTRS entry.
2)    If the FE passed the check:
a)    Debrief the FE, emphasizing good points and indicating areas that were satisfactory but marginal.
b)    Complete FAA Form 8410-1, in duplicate, indicating approval.
c)    Give one copy of the completed FAA Form 8410-1 to the FE and one copy to the POI for the district office files.
d)    Make the appropriate PTRS entry.
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5-1067    TASK OUTCOMES. Completion of this task results in either:

    A completed FAA Form 8410-1 indicating approval, or

    A completed FAA Form 8410-1 indicating failure.

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5-1068    FUTURE ACTIVITIES.

    The records of any FE checked will be reviewed as part of future surveillance.

    The FE may return for subsequent checks.

    The inspector may initiate an enforcement investigation, as appropriate, if the FE is involved in an accident, incident, or possible violation of regulations.

    Possible reevaluation under 49 U.S.C.

Figure 5-133.  Flight Engineer Flight Check Job Aid

Job aid checklist for flight engineer flight check. Page 1 of 4.

Job aid checklist for flight engineer flight check. Page 2 of 4.

Job aid checklist for flight engineer flight check. Page 3 of 4.

Job aid checklist for flight engineer flight check. Page 4 of 4.

Figure 5-134.  Letter Advising Pilot Not Qualified for Flight Engineer Check

FAA letterhead

Operator’s name and address

Dear                                                                               :

This is to inform you that the Flight Engineer check scheduled for [date] at [location] was not conducted because Mr./Ms. [name of airman] did not qualify.

    Cite reasons why airman was not qualified.

    Suggest how each can be corrected.

If you have any questions or you wish to reschedule the check with the same or a different airman, please contact this office at [telephone number].

Signed by:      CPM, if initial certification

POI, if an existing operator

RESERVED. Paragraphs 5-1069 through 5-1085.