Volume 5 AIRMAN CERTIFICATION
CHAPTER 7 REEXAMINATION OF AN AIRMAN
Section 1 Conduct a Reexamination
Test of an Airman Under Title 49 of the United States Code
5-1416 PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODE.
5-1417 OBJECTIVE. The objective of this task is to determine if an
airman is qualified to exercise the privileges of a particular airman certificate
or rating. Completion of this task results in either no action taken against
the airman’s certificate or rating, or initiation of an enforcement investigation.
A. Authority. Under Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.)
§ 44709 (formerly § 609 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (FA Act)), the Administrator
is authorized to reexamine any airman at any time. Reexamination of an airman
does not hinder the taking of punitive enforcement action when appropriate.
When an airman fails to comply with a request for reexamination, 49 U.S.C. §
44709 provides legal procedures to be followed to enforce reinspection or reexamination.
Detailed information on the enforcement aspects is found in the current edition
of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 2150.3, FAA Compliance and Enforcement
B. Basis for Reexamination. The reexamination of an airman on the basis
of lack of competency is never to be undertaken lightly. There must be ample
or probable cause for requesting the reexamination. In most cases a reexamination
will result from the inspector’s investigation of an accident or incident where
the airman’s competence was the apparent cause of the occurrence.
5-1419 BASIS OF REEXAMINATION TEST. When an inspector has sufficient reason
to believe that an airman may not be qualified to exercise the privileges of
a particular certificate or rating, a reexamination may be required. The inspector
reaches this conclusion either through reliable reports, personal knowledge,
or on the basis of evidence obtained through an accident, incident, or enforcement
A. Notification. In accordance with the Pilot’s Bill of Rights
(PBR), Letters Requesting Reexamination under 49 U.S.C. § 44709, reexaminations
of an individual’s qualifications is not considered an investigation for the
purpose of determining whether a violation exists, only some of the written
notifications under the PBR apply. Inspectors must use the Letter Requesting
Reexamination under 49 U.S.C. § 44709 (Figure 5-140) for any airman who is the
subject of a reexamination of his or her qualifications to continue to hold
an airman certificate, rating, or inspection authorization. This letter will
provide the required notification for a situation where the airman places his
or her certificate on temporary deposit pending reexamination. The inspector
must send the letter requesting reexamination via certified mail, or hand deliver
the letter, in order to be able to record the date the airman received the information
required by the PBR.
NOTE: Under the PBR, the inspector does not issue a Letter of Investigation
(LOI) when sending out a letter requesting reexamination.
1) The letter should give adequate consideration to the convenience of the
2) The letter should not indicate in any way that the FAA considers
the reexamination a punishment for an act that the airman may have committed.
Instead, the letter should clearly state that, through the process of reexamination,
the FAA is promoting safety in air commerce by ensuring the airman’s competence.
3) The letter must identify the certificate or ratings for which
the inspector wishes to conduct the reexamination. If appropriate, specific
flight maneuvers or flight phases in a particular aircraft and crew position
should be identified as questionable. For example, an airman who was involved
in a directional control landing accident in a Piper PA-18 should be reexamined
for competence in takeoffs and landings in either the PA-18 or another aircraft
which has, in the inspector’s opinion, similar landing characteristics.
B. Contents of Reexamination Letter. The reexamination letter
must specify the following:
· The reasons for the reexamination (such as accident, incident,
· The specific certificate and/or rating for which the reexamination
· The type of reexamination;
· The category and class of aircraft required (if applicable);
· The location of the reexamination (usually left to the airman’s
· A time limit for accomplishing the reexamination (giving adequate
consideration to the airman).
C. Time Limits. The certificate holder should contact the FAA within
10 days of receipt of the letter of notification of reexamination to schedule
the time and place of the reexamination. Reexamination should normally take
place within 15 days after receipt of the letter of notification. There may
be exceptions, and the inspector should be as accommodating as possible. However,
the inspector cannot allow the airman to postpone the reexamination indefinitely.
1) One exception would be an airman who was seriously injured and hospitalized
for an extended period of time as a result of an aircraft accident. In this
case, the airman would obviously not be capable of operating an aircraft. The
inspector should attempt to determine if the airman intends to continue piloting
aircraft after recuperation. If not, or if the airman’s injuries preclude performing
pilot duties, the airman may wish to surrender the certificate or associated
ratings voluntarily. The airman must not be coerced, and all rules of voluntary
surrender must be strictly followed. If the airman does not intend to operate
aircraft for a short period of time, or needs time to practice and cannot meet
the 15-day deadline, the airman may temporarily deposit the certificate or associated
rating at a field office for a maximum of 30 days in accordance with the temporary
deposit and reissue policy. (See Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5, Miscellaneous
61 Certification Information.)
2) Another exception would be a situation when the inspector suspected that the
airman was intending to continue to fly commercially while carrying passengers.
In this case, prompt action (less than 15 days) should be taken. The airman
should be given the opportunity to be reexamined immediately, or, if the airman
elects not to do so, the airman may wish to surrender the certificate or associated
rating voluntarily for temporary deposit at the field office. The airman should
then be encouraged to receive dual instruction from a certificated flight instructor
(CFI). If the airman finds it necessary to conduct solo practice while the airman
certificate is temporarily deposited at the field office, the inspector may
issue FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate, valid for 30 days instead
of 120 days. That certificate should bear all ratings previously held by the
certificate holder; however, ratings for which the airman is to be reexamined
must have the limitation “FOR STUDENT PILOT PURPOSES ONLY—PASSENGER CARRYING
5-1420 SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS.
A. Handling an Airman’s Response to a Reexamination Letter at an Office Other
than the Requesting Office. Usually, the field office that requested the
reexamination by letter conducts the reexamination test and follows up with
any needed enforcement action. However, an airman may respond to a reexamination
letter by contacting a field office that did not issue the letter. In such a
case, the inspector at the other field office must contact the field office
that requested the reexamination.
1) Immediately upon scheduling a reexamination test, the inspector must inform
the requesting field office of the appointment and request a copy of the original
2) After completion of the reexamination test, the inspector who conducted the
test at the other field office forwards a copy of the test results to the requesting
3) If enforcement action is necessary as a result of the reexamination test, the
inspector who conducted the test advises the field office manager. The field
office manager contacts the manager of the requesting field office. The field
office managers decide which office is responsible for carrying out the enforcement
B. Airman Scheduling Appointment at a Date Later than Indicated. An airman
may request an appointment for the reexamination test beyond the time limit
stated in subparagraph 5-1419C. However, if the delay is excessive or unjustified,
the airman must either schedule the reexamination within a reasonable time,
or the airman must place his or her certificate or rating on temporary deposit
at the field office. If the airman chooses to deposit the certificate, an inspector
issues a 30-day Temporary Airman Certificate with specific limitations (see
Figure 5-141, FAA Form 8060-4).
Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5 discusses the temporary deposit of a certificate
C. Voluntary Downgrade or Voluntary Cancellation of Certificate or
Rating. If the airman volunteers to downgrade the certificate or rating
in question, the inspector issues a Temporary Airman Certificate with specific
limitations (see Figure 5-141). The airman may also volunteer to surrender the
certificate in question for cancellation. If this occurs, the airman has no
reissuance rights other than passing all knowledge and practical tests.
Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5 discusses voluntary downgrades and voluntary
D. Airman Refusal to Submit to Reexamination. If the airman fails to submit
to a reexamination within a reasonable period of time (excluding unforeseen
problems such as weather, mechanical problems, etc.) or demonstrates an unwillingness
to submit to a reexamination, the inspector will initiate emergency enforcement
action to suspend the airman’s certificate. (Refer to FAA Order 2150.3, Chapter
8, Enforcement Investigative Report (EIR).)
1) The initial Enforcement Investigation Report (EIR) need only consist of section
FAA Form 2150-5, Enforcement Investigative Report, citing 49 U.S.C. § 44709.
Attach any documentation supporting the need for reexamination, a copy of the
original notification letter sent to the airman, and any evidence of the efforts
made to obtain voluntary reexamination. The investigating field office must
forward a copy of FAA Form 2150-5 with supporting documentation to the Regional
Assistant Chief Counsel through the Flight Standards division for emergency
action. The investigating district office will forward a completed FAA Form
2150-5 through the Flight Standards division to Regional Counsel to add to the
copy of the partially complete FAA Form 2150-5, which is already there, as soon
2) The Regional Assistant Chief Counsel will issue an emergency order of
suspension and appropriate certificate stop order, providing the evidence submitted
is sufficient to establish that the airman is not qualified to hold the certificate
or rating, or that safety in air commerce or air transportation and the public
interest requires such action.
3) The emergency order suspends the certificate or ratings until
the airman agrees to reexamination and establishes the appropriate qualifications
to continue to hold the certificate and exercise its privileges.
5-1421 APPLICATION FOR REEXAMINATION TEST. The only acceptable application
used for a reexamination test is FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.
5-1422 INSPECTOR QUALIFICATIONS. Inspectors must be qualified in
the aircraft. An inspector conducting a reexamination test shall hold the same
aircraft category and class ratings that the airman is being tested on. (A Designated
Pilot Examiner (DPE) shall not conduct a reexamination test.)
5-1423 CONDUCT OF REEXAMINATION. The method of reexamination should
be in accordance with the appropriate practical test standards (PTS)
for the certificate or rating involved.
A. Extent of Reexamination. The inspector should test the airman
only in the areas specified in the letter of notification. However, if other
deficient areas are noted during the reexamination, these would also be the
basis for failure of the test. For example, during a reexamination when the
airman was to be tested on the ability to recognize and recover from stalls,
the inspector noted that on takeoff the airman over-rotated to a dangerously
high pitch attitude, requiring the inspector to take corrective action. In this
situation the reexamination should be discontinued, and the airman should be
informed of failing the test because of deficient skills exhibited while en
route to demonstrate the maneuvers.
B. Special Emphasis. The inspector conducting the reexamination
should consult the letter issued to the airman for the areas reexamined. Special
emphasis may be placed in certain areas, such as crosswind landing techniques
after an incident or an accident occurring during a crosswind landing.
C. Standards. The airman must meet the appropriate PTS for the certificate or rating being reexamined. The inspector can fail
the airman for any maneuver or procedure in which the airman is found to be
D. Knowledge Reexamination. The reexamination may be conducted
using an oral or knowledge test, devised by the inspector, if the area to be
reexamined is one of knowledge rather than skill or flight proficiency.
E. Reexamination in Simulators. If the airman requests that the
reexamination be conducted in a simulator, the inspector must decide if the
airman’s qualifications can be determined in the simulator. If so, the test
may be conducted in a simulator.
5-1424 REEXAMINATION RESULTS.
A. Airman Satisfactorily Completes Reexamination.
1) If the reexamination has been satisfactorily completed, and the airman’s certificate
had been suspended pending the reexamination test results, the inspector issues
a letter of results (Figure 5-142, Letter of Results) to the airman. The field
office forwards a copy of the letter of results to the Regional Assistant Chief
Counsel, who then takes appropriate action to terminate the suspension. If the
airman needs use of the certificate immediately, the Regional Assistant Chief
Counsel may authorize the inspector to issue a temporary certificate that bears
all ratings and limitations from the original certificate.
2) If the reexamination test has been satisfactorily completed,
and the airman’s certificate had not been suspended pending the results of the
reexamination test, the inspector issues a letter of results (Figure 5-142).
The airman may then continue to exercise the privileges of the certificate and/or
B. Airman’s Performance Unsatisfactory. The airman must be informed in detail
of each deficiency. Additionally, if the airman’s certificate had been temporarily
deposited at the field office and the temporary deposit term is nearing expiration,
a decision must be made to suspend the certificate or to extend the temporary
deposit period for another 30 days. If, in the opinion of the inspector, the
airman could successfully complete another reexamination by obtaining additional
instruction, every effort must be made to encourage the airman to do so.
1) When the inspector decides to allow the airman additional time, the inspector
takes the airman’s certificate for temporary deposit at the field office and
issues a temporary certificate. The temporary certificate must have a limitation
against carrying passengers and a 30-day expiration date. The airman has 30
days in which to practice or obtain additional dual instruction before being
2) If the inspector determines the airman is unable to establish
qualification to hold the certificate or rating, legal enforcement action must
be taken to revoke the airman’s certificate and/or ratings. (Refer to FAA Order
2150.3, Chapter 8.)
5-1425 PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.
A. Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of the regulatory requirements
of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
61 and FAA policies and qualification as an aviation safety
inspector (ASI) (Operations). Additionally, the inspector must meet certain
aircraft qualification requirements as outlined in paragraph 5‑1422.
B. Coordination. This task may require coordination with another
field office, an Airworthiness inspector, and/or the Regional Assistant Chief
5-1426 REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.
A. References (current editions):
· Appropriate PTS and related tasks from this order.
· FAA Order 2150.3, FAA Compliance and Enforcement Program.
· FAA Order 8900.1 Volume 15, FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) Policies
· Letter of Notification of Reexamination (Figure 5-140).
· PTRS Procedures Manual (PPM).
· Title 14 CFR parts
· Title 49 U.S.C.
· FAA Form 8000-26, Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem Data
· FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (Figure 5-141);
· FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Figure 5-143).
C. Job Aids. Sample letters and figures.
A. Determine the Need for the Reexamination Test. Based on all
available information concerning the airman’s performance, determine if a reexamination
test is necessary. If a reexamination test is not necessary and airman counseling
would suffice, refer to FAA Order 2150.3, Chapter 5, paragraph 9, Remedial Training.
B. Prepare Reexamination Letter. If a reexamination test is required,
prepare and transmit the letter of notification to the airman (Figure 5-140).
C. PTRS. Open the PTRS file.
D. Preappointment Procedures. These procedures are to be used by
a field office other than the field office that issued the notification letter.
1) When an airman calls in to schedule a reexamination test,
request the following information from the airman:
· The name of the office and the person who issued the reexamination
letter, and the reasons for the reexamination;
· The certificate and/or ratings being reexamined;
· The kind of aircraft specified;
· The areas of special emphasis (if indicated); and
· The time limit (date) for completing the reexamination.
2) Schedule the date, time, and location for the reexamination
3) Advise the airman to bring the letter of notification to the reexamination.
4) Request a copy of the original letter from the issuing field
E. Schedule Appointment. Schedule a date, time, and location
for the reexamination test.
1) Refer to the letter of notification to determine if the date
the airman wishes to schedule falls within the time limit stated.
2) If the requested date is beyond the time limit in the letter
and the delay is excessive or unjustified:
a) Suggest that the airman make the appointment within the time limit; or
b) Recommend that the airman place the certificate on temporary deposit.
If the airman elects for temporary deposit, issue FAA Form 8060-4 (Figure 5-141)
with appropriate limitations.
3) If the airman refuses to comply with either option, advise
the airman that emergency, legal enforcement action will be initiated to suspend
the certificate or rating.
a) Refer to FAA Order 2150.3 for emergency suspension procedures.
b) If another field office issued the reexamination letter, advise that
field office of the situation. If another field office is handling the enforcement
investigation, forward any evidence needed for the enforcement report.
4) When a date, time, and location have been agreed upon, advise
the airman to bring the following to the appointment:
· The copy of the letter of notification;
· The airman and medical certificates;
· FAA Form 8710-1;
· The aircraft maintenance records, aircraft certificates, and aircraft
manuals, if the reexamination test is to be conducted in an aircraft; and
· Any other documents necessary to establish qualification (logbooks, charts,
5) If another field office issued the letter of notification,
inform that field office of the date, time, and location of the reexamination.
If not already accomplished, request a copy of the original letter of notification.
F. Plan the Reexamination Test. Examine the letter of notification
and determine which
PTS and related chapters of this order apply. Prepare an agenda for the
reexamination appointment. Bring extra blank copies of
FAA Form 8710-1 in case the airman does not have a copy or has filled it
G. Application. At the appointment, collect the airman’s documents.
1) Compare the airman’s copy of the letter of notification to the field office
copy to determine if they are the same.
FAA Form 8710-1 for accuracy. (See sample, Figure 5-143,
FAA Form 8710-1.)
a) In section I, the “Reexamination” box must be marked. Powered-aircraft,
glider, and balloon pilots must complete blocks “A” through “V,” where appropriate.
Glider and balloon pilots do not need to complete blocks “Q” through “T.”
b) Section II is left blank.
c) Section III is optional.
d) Sections IV and V must be completed.
H. Aircraft Documents. The inspector conducting the practical
test, or an Airworthiness inspector, should review the aircraft maintenance
records, aircraft logbook, Certificate of Airworthiness, and aircraft registration
to determine if the aircraft is Airworthy and suitable for the reexamination
test. After review, the documents are returned to the airman.
I. Verify Airman’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification
to establish the airman’s identity. (See
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3, Phases of Certification, paragraph 5-53.)
1) If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of
insufficient or inadequate documentation, request that the applicant return
with appropriate identification.
2) If the applicant’s identity appears to be falsified, do not conduct the reexamination
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 9, Detection of Falsified or Altered Airman
J. Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately
corrected exists in any of the documents, return all submitted documents to
the airman. Inform the airman of the reasons why the reexamination test cannot
take place, and explain how the airman may correct the discrepancy.
K. Conduct of the Test.
1) Review the areas to be covered in the reexamination with the
airman. Resolve any questions or concerns the airman may have.
2) Conduct the reexamination test in accordance with the agenda,
using the appropriate
PTS and guidance related to the conduct of the appropriate grade of certificate
and/or ratings involved in other related chapters of this order.
3) Upon completion of the test, debrief the airman immediately
concerning the results and the options available to the airman.
L. Satisfactory Reexamination. If the airman’s performance was
satisfactory, issue the airman a letter of results indicating satisfactory performance
(see Figure 5-142).
1) If the airman’s certificate was suspended pending the results of the reexamination,
send a copy of the letter of results to the Regional Assistant Chief Counsel
who issued the suspension order.
2) If another field office issued the letter of notification,
inform that office of the results and forward a copy of the letter of results.
3) If the airman’s certificate was suspended pending the results
of the reexamination and the airman needs to exercise the privileges of the
suspended certificate, issue FAA Form 8060-4 with all the ratings and privileges
of the original certificate.
M. Unsatisfactory Reexamination. If the airman’s performance
was unsatisfactory, consider the following two options.
1) If the airman would be able to complete a reexamination test
satisfactorily after additional instruction or practice:
· Have the airman place his or her certificate on temporary deposit with the field
· Issue FAA Form 8060-4 with the appropriate limitations and a 30-day
expiration date; and
· Schedule another reexamination test.
NOTE: If the airman does not wish to schedule another reexamination
test, suggest that the airman voluntarily downgrade the certificate or rating,
or surrender the certificate or rating for cancellation. (See
Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5.)
2) If another reexamination is not in order, suggest that the
airman voluntarily downgrade or voluntarily surrender the certificate or rating.
a) If the airman chooses to downgrade or surrender the certificate or rating,
issue FAA Form 8060-4 at the next lower grade of certificate or without the
rating, as applicable. Have the airman sign the appropriate affidavit as outlined
Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5.
b) If the airman chooses to surrender the certificate or rating for cancellation,
inform the airman that it can be reissued only upon passing all knowledge and
3) If the airman refuses to comply with either option, advise
the airman that emergency legal enforcement action will be taken to revoke the
certificate or rating.
4) If another field office requested the reexamination, forward a copy of the results
to that field office. If enforcement action is required, inform the field office
manager so that appropriate office coordination can ensue.
N. Inspector’s Report. Complete the inspector’s report section
on the reverse side of FAA Form 8710-1 (Figure 5-143).
1) Mark either “Approved” or “Disapproved” as appropriate to
the reexamination results. If appropriate, cross out “Temporary Certificate
Issued” or “Disapproval Notice Issued.”
2) Complete the block marked “Certificate or Rating for Which
3) Complete the block marked “Types of Aircraft Used.”
4) Fill in the registration number of the aircraft.
5) Indicate the date of the test, sign the report, and enter the field office’s
6) Mark any attachments that are appropriate.
7) Attach all required documents, and forward the completed file
to the Airmen Certification Branch, AFS-760.
O. PTRS. Close the PTRS file. If another reexamination is planned or enforcement
action is appropriate, open the appropriate PTRS file.
1) If the reexamination is conducted by the requesting field
office, that office will close the PTRS file.
2) If the reexamination is conducted by a field office other than the requesting
office, that field office will forward a copy of the results to the requesting
field office and log the conduct of the 49 U.S.C. reexamination under PTRS activity
code 1534. The requesting field office will close the PTRS file upon receipt
of the test results from the office conducting the test.
3) In either above case, if another reexamination is planned or enforcement
action is appropriate, the field office responsible for taking the action will
open the appropriate PTRS file for the action planned.
5-1428 TASK OUTCOMES. Completion of this task results in one of the
· Issuance of a letter of results to the airman;
· Possible issuance of a Temporary Airman Certificate; or
· Possible downgrade of the airman’s certificate.
5-1429 FUTURE ACTIVITIES.
· Airman may return for another reexamination.
· Possible enforcement investigation in connection with the reexamination.
Figure 5-140. Letter of Notification
of Reexamination Under Title 49 U.S.C., § 44709
NOTE: The italicized portions are mandatory and must not be changed.
CERTIFIED MAIL—RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED
Dear [airman’s name]:
The FAA has conducted an investigation of an accident/incident that occurred
at __________________________ on _____________________. Based on that investigation,
the FAA has reason to believe that your competence as a certificated airman
is in question, and that reexamination of your qualification to be the holder
of an airman certificate is necessary in the interest of safety. Therefore,
under the authority in Title 49 U.S.C., § 44709, the FAA requests that you call
or appear at this office or a Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) more conveniently
located near you, no later than _________________, to make an appointment for
a reexamination. The reexamination will consist of _______________ and include
the knowledge and skill necessary to be the holder of _______________________
with emphasis on ________________________________________________________________________.
If you make an appointment with a FSDO in another
area, please advise this office.
If you do not accept the opportunity for reexamination
by the date set forth above, we will begin proceedings to suspend your airman
certificate until such time as you demonstrate your competence to exercise its
privileges. If, for reasons beyond your control, you are unable to be reexamined
at this time, please contact me prior to ___________ so that the FAA can determine
whether to grant an extension of time to you.
In accordance with the Pilot’s Bill of Rights,
we also inform you that:
(1) The nature of this investigation
is to reexamine your qualifications to be the holder of an airman certificate
in the interest of air safety pursuant to the Administrator’s authority under
49 U.S.C. § 44709.
(2) Any response to an inquiry made by a representative
of the FAA Administrator by you in connection with the reexamination of your
qualifications described above may be used as evidence against you.
(3) If the reexamination of your qualifications
results in a legal enforcement action against your certificate, the releasable
portions of the Administrator’s investigative report will be made available
to you upon your written request addressed to the FAA’s legal counsel handling
the enforcement action.
Please note that the incident that occurred on ______________ is still
under investigation to determine whether other enforcement action is appropriate.
If additional enforcement action is to be taken, you will be advised in a separate
We will be pleased to discuss this matter with you
and provide any further information that may assist you. Our office is open
from __________ to __________, and our telephone number is _______________.
[Signed by the inspector
making the report]
Figure 5-141. FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate
Figure 5-142. Letter of Results
[Airman’s name and address]
Dear [airman’s name]:
This letter is to inform you that reexamination of your ability to exercise
the privileges of [indicate type of certificate or rating] conducted on [indicate
date] at [indicate location] was satisfactory.
The results of this reexamination are a matter of
record and will be forwarded to the Airman Records Office in Oklahoma City,
[Signed by the inspector conducting the test]
NOTE: If enforcement action was pending or the airman certificate was
suspended pending reexamination, inform the airman that a copy of this letter
is being forwarded to the Regional Assistant Chief Counsel.
Figure 5-143. FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
Paragraphs 5-1430 through 5-1445.