VOLUME 6 SURVEILLANCE
CHAPTER 2 PARTS
Section 20 Part
(PIC) Operating Experience Observations (PTRS Codes 1356 and 1645)
Source Basis: Section
Operating Experience, Operating Cycles, and Consolidation of Knowledge and Skills.
6-605 GENERAL. This section contains direction and
guidance to be used by Operations inspectors for conducting Operating Experience (OE) observations
as required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)
A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector must
observe a pilot who is qualifying as a pilot in command (PIC) in an initial
new-hire, initial equipment, or an upgrade curriculum. The inspector must observe
the pilot while the pilot is performing the prescribed duties of a PIC before
serving unsupervised in revenue service. This observation is conducted while
the candidate is acquiring OE. The purpose of this observation is to ensure
that the transfer of learning from training to line operations has occurred
and that the candidate has acquired the skills and judgment necessary to effectively
perform PIC responsibilities.
6-606 SCHEDULING POLICIES. The following policies apply to scheduling §
B. Scheduling Prerequisites. The FAA observation is not the line check required by
therefore, the inspector does not have to observe a line check
being administered by the check pilot. The preferred procedure is for an FAA
inspector to observe the PIC’s performance during the latter stages of OE. Earlier
observation, though allowed, may result in a need for additional observation.
The principal operations inspector (POI) should coordinate with the operator
for effective scheduling of OE observations to preclude the need for followup observations.
6-607 PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES. The following practices and procedures
must be observed by inspectors while observing PIC candidates.
A. Introduction. The inspector will meet the crew and gain access to the
aircraft through the normal procedures for conducting en route inspection. In
addition, the inspector must discuss the conduct of the flight with both the
check pilot and the candidate and review the candidate’s progress to date. During
the discussion, the inspector should ensure that the check pilot and the candidate
understand the following information:
1) The FAA recognizes that the check pilot is the PIC. The candidate,
however, is expected to perform all of the duties of the PIC. The check pilot
is expected to act as a qualified second in command (SIC).
2) As the actual PIC, the check pilot is ultimately responsible for the safety
of the flight. Should a situation arise that involves in-flight safety, the
check pilot must take charge of the situation.
B. Conduct of the Observation. The inspector who performs the
observation should evaluate the items specified in
Volume 6, Chapter 2, Section 9.
The inspector should be as unobtrusive as
possible during the flight and avoid intruding into the interaction between
crewmembers. The inspector should not conduct oral examinations during the flight.
Should an event occur that raises a question about the candidate’s knowledge,
the inspector should take notes and make inquiries after the flight.
C. Postflight Procedures. After the flight, the check pilot and the inspector
should conduct a debriefing. The check pilot’s comments are beneficial, as the
check pilot is more familiar with specific company procedures.
1) If the candidate’s performance during the flight meets the required standards,
the inspector must inform the candidate and the check pilot that the observation
is complete. If the candidate’s performance does not yet meet required standards,
the inspector must indicate the areas in which the candidate’s performance needs
to improve and that another observation has to be made before the candidate
can enter revenue service as a PIC. The inspector should inform the candidate
that, before the next observation, the candidate must receive further training
or OE, and a check pilot must again certify that the candidate is ready for the observation.
2) If the inspector has indicated to the candidate that the observation
is incomplete because the candidate’s performance has not yet reached required
standards, the inspector should contact the POI by telephone and provide a description
of the candidate’s performance so that the POI can take followup action.
6-608 PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) INPUT.
A. Complete Observation. The observation of a check pilot conducting OE
for a flightcrew member, in conjunction with the requirement of §
is recorded in the PTRS by using activity code 1645 (check airman surveillance),
with 1356 in the tracking field. When the 1645 activity
code is used, the check pilot must be entered in section I. A separate PTRS
entry must be made by using the activity code 1356, with 1645 in the tracking
field. When the 1356 activity code is used, the qualifying PIC must be entered
in section I. This method of using two PTRS entries is unique to the OE observation activity.
B. Incomplete Observation. The inspector should report an incomplete
observation in the PTRS as an en route inspection (activity code 1624) with appropriate comments.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 6-609 through 6-623.