VOLUME 7 INVESTIGATION
CHAPTER 2 INSTRUCTIONS FOR INVESTIGATING A VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN DEVIATION BY A
CERTIFICATED PERSON OTHER THAN A PILOT TAXIING AN AIRCRAFT ON AN AIRPORT’S MOVEMENT AREA
Section 1 General
7-61 PURPOSE. This section provides Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
aviation safety inspectors (ASI) with guidance on how to investigate a Vehicle/Pedestrian
Deviation (V/PD) by a certificated person other than a pilot who was taxiing
an aircraft on a tower-controlled airport’s movement area. Investigations of
V/PD at a non-towered airport will be conducted in accordance with the guidance
applicable to the means by which it was reported (i.e., complaint or self-disclosure investigations).
7-62 DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
A. Airport. An area of land that is used or intended to be used
for the landing and takeoff of an aircraft and whose ground operations are controlled
by the Air Traffic Organization (ATO) or an FAA‑certified contract tower.
B. Movement Area. Runways, taxiways, and other areas of an airport
that are used for taxiing, takeoffs, and landings of an aircraft.
C. Non-Movement Area. Ramps, gates, loading areas, run-up areas, and aircraft parking areas.
D. Runway Safety Area. A defined surface surrounding the runway prepared
or suitable for reducing the risk of damage to airplanes in the event of an undershoot, overshoot, or excursion from the runway.
E. Taxiing. As used in this section, taxiing is when an aircraft
is being operated under its own engine power on an airport’s movement area.
A. FAA Form 8020-24, Preliminary Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation Report.
This form is completed by ATO personnel when a V/PD has been observed.
B. FAA Form 8020-25, Investigation of Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation Report.
This form is filled out by the appropriate Flight Standards office.
A. Safety. Each year accidents, incidents, and runway incursions
occur involving aircraft, pedestrians, ground vehicle drivers, and personnel
taxiing or towing aircraft at airports. These accidents and incidents can lead
to property damage, injuries, and even death. Many of these events result from
inadequate security and training, a failure to maintain visual aids, or a lack
of such aids. Ground vehicle operation plans and training promote the safety
of airport users by helping identify authorized areas of vehicle operation;
outlining vehicle identification systems; addressing vehicle and operator requirements;
and coordinating construction, maintenance, and emergency activities. Advisory Circular (AC)
Vehicle Operations to Include Taxiing or Towing an Aircraft on Airports, and its appendices provide guidance for airport operators when developing training
programs for safe ground vehicle operations, personnel taxiing or towing an aircraft, and pedestrian control on movement and safety areas of an airport.
B. Taxi Operations. The term “person” within Title 14 of the
Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) means an individual, firm, partnership,
corporation, company association, joint stock association, or governmental entity.
This includes the airport as well as those persons using the airport (i.e., 14 CFR parts
K operations, as well as part
holders). The term “vehicle” includes aircraft being taxied
under their own power by a non-pilot or being towed with no intention for flight.
At an airport, the overall responsibility for vehicle operation rests with the 14 CFR part
certificate holder. Under part
must establish procedures for the safe and orderly access to the movement and safety areas, as well as procedures to operate in those
areas. Initial and recurrent training is required for all persons under §
and recurrent training in procedures for access to the movement and safety areas is required for all persons under the revised §
is important that each person who authorizes any employee to taxi or tow aircraft on an airport’s movement area evaluate their own training
programs in conjunction with each airport’s training program. It is the responsibility
of both the certificate-holding airport and those who utilize the airport to
ensure individuals are competent to perform taxi operations in relation to each airport’s size, complexity, and scope.
7-65 JURISDICTION. The FAA Office of Airports (ARP) is responsible
for investigations of all V/PDs. However, Flight Standards will aid in the investigation
and will address noncompliance by an FAA-certificated person taxiing an aircraft.
7-66 DISCUSSION. The appropriate Flight Standards office’s investigation
should focus on the root cause of the V/PD problem. Flight Standards must be
fair, reasonable, and just. Errors must be identified, reported, and analyzed
in a non-accusatory manner so that appropriate remedial or system-wide corrective
action can be taken based on the specific facts and circumstances of each case.
The outcome of the event is not what determines the FAA’s course of action.
When investigating V/PD incidents, closely examine the person’s training program
and how well it interfaces with the training program of the airport where the V/PD occurred. Refer to AC
order to facilitate (as necessary) any airport operator actions needed to restore compliance and prevent the problem’s reoccurrence.
Individuals involved in a runway incursion or other vehicle incident should
complete remedial airfield driver training. The Flight Standards inspector investigating a V/PD will use
Volume 14, Chapter 1, Section 2 to
determine the appropriate actions to address safety issues or regulatory noncompliance.
7-67 ACTION. When a V/PD incident involves individuals other than
a pilot on a movement area at an airport, the ATO will fill out FAA Form 8020-24
and send it to the airport operator and the appropriate Flight Standards office.
Upon receipt of the form, the appropriate Flight Standards office will start
an investigation into the incident using FAA Form 8020-25 as a checklist. Instructions on how to complete FAA Form 8020-25 are found in FAA Order
for Conducting Investigations of Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviations. Order
be accessed on the FAA website
A. Returning FAA Form 8020-25. The appropriate Flight Standards office inspector will submit FAA Form 8020-25 to:
Federal Aviation Administration
Airport Safety and Operations Division (AAS-300)
800 Independence Avenue SW
Washington, DC 20591
Phone: (202) 267-8731
Fax: (202) 267-5383
B. Investigation Timeframe. The investigation must be completed within 90
calendar-days from the date of notification of the incident from the ATO.
C. Investigation Findings. If the investigation found that the certificated
person other than a pilot was not responsible for the V/PD incident, then the
investigating inspector will send a letter explaining the findings of the investigation
to the above addresses with a completed FAA Form 8020-19, Reclassification of Aviation Incident Report.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 7-68 through 7-80.