8900.1 CHG 610


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Section 1  General

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7-61    PURPOSE. This section provides Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aviation safety inspectors (ASI) with guidance on how to investigate a Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviation (V/PD) by a certificated person other than a pilot who was taxiing an aircraft on a tower-controlled airport’s movement area. Investigations of V/PD at a non-towered airport will be conducted in accordance with the guidance applicable to the means by which it was reported (i.e., complaint or self-disclosure investigations).

7-62    DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:

A.    Airport. An area of land that is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of an aircraft and whose ground operations are controlled by the Air Traffic Organization (ATO) or an FAA‑certified contract tower.

B.    Movement Area. Runways, taxiways, and other areas of an airport that are used for taxiing, takeoffs, and landings of an aircraft.

C.    Non-Movement Area. Ramps, gates, loading areas, run-up areas, and aircraft parking areas.

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D.    Runway Safety Area. A defined surface surrounding the runway prepared or suitable for reducing the risk of damage to airplanes in the event of an undershoot, overshoot, or excursion from the runway.

E.    Taxiing. As used in this section, taxiing is when an aircraft is being operated under its own engine power on an airport’s movement area.

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7-63    FORMS.

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A.    FAA Form 8020-24, Preliminary Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation Report. This form is completed by ATO personnel when a V/PD has been observed.

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B.    FAA Form 8020-25, Investigation of Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation Report. This form is filled out by the appropriate Flight Standards office.


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A.    Safety. Each year accidents, incidents, and runway incursions occur involving aircraft, pedestrians, ground vehicle drivers, and personnel taxiing or towing aircraft at airports. These accidents and incidents can lead to property damage, injuries, and even death. Many of these events result from inadequate security and training, a failure to maintain visual aids, or a lack of such aids. Ground vehicle operation plans and training promote the safety of airport users by helping identify authorized areas of vehicle operation; outlining vehicle identification systems; addressing vehicle and operator requirements; and coordinating construction, maintenance, and emergency activities. Advisory Circular (AC) 150/5210-20, Ground Vehicle Operations to Include Taxiing or Towing an Aircraft on Airports, and its appendices provide guidance for airport operators when developing training programs for safe ground vehicle operations, personnel taxiing or towing an aircraft, and pedestrian control on movement and safety areas of an airport.

B.    Taxi Operations. The term “person” within Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company association, joint stock association, or governmental entity. This includes the airport as well as those persons using the airport (i.e., 14 CFR parts 91 and 91 subpart K operations, as well as part 121, 125, 135, and 145 certificate holders). The term “vehicle” includes aircraft being taxied under their own power by a non-pilot or being towed with no intention for flight. At an airport, the overall responsibility for vehicle operation rests with the 14 CFR part 139 airport certificate holder. Under part 139, § 139.329(b), they must establish procedures for the safe and orderly access to the movement and safety areas, as well as procedures to operate in those areas. Initial and recurrent training is required for all persons under § 139.329(e). Initial and recurrent training in procedures for access to the movement and safety areas is required for all persons under the revised § 139.303(c). It is important that each person who authorizes any employee to taxi or tow aircraft on an airport’s movement area evaluate their own training programs in conjunction with each airport’s training program. It is the responsibility of both the certificate-holding airport and those who utilize the airport to ensure individuals are competent to perform taxi operations in relation to each airport’s size, complexity, and scope.

7-65    JURISDICTION. The FAA Office of Airports (ARP) is responsible for investigations of all V/PDs. However, Flight Standards will aid in the investigation and will address noncompliance by an FAA-certificated person taxiing an aircraft.

7-66    DISCUSSION. The appropriate Flight Standards office’s investigation should focus on the root cause of the V/PD problem. Flight Standards must be fair, reasonable, and just. Errors must be identified, reported, and analyzed in a non-accusatory manner so that appropriate remedial or system-wide corrective action can be taken based on the specific facts and circumstances of each case. The outcome of the event is not what determines the FAA’s course of action. When investigating V/PD incidents, closely examine the person’s training program and how well it interfaces with the training program of the airport where the V/PD occurred. Refer to AC 150/5210-20 in order to facilitate (as necessary) any airport operator actions needed to restore compliance and prevent the problem’s reoccurrence. Individuals involved in a runway incursion or other vehicle incident should complete remedial airfield driver training. The Flight Standards inspector investigating a V/PD will use Volume 14, Chapter 1, Section 2 to determine the appropriate actions to address safety issues or regulatory noncompliance.

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7-67    ACTION. When a V/PD incident involves individuals other than a pilot on a movement area at an airport, the ATO will fill out FAA Form 8020-24 and send it to the airport operator and the appropriate Flight Standards office. Upon receipt of the form, the appropriate Flight Standards office  will start an investigation into the incident using FAA Form 8020-25 as a checklist. Instructions on how to complete FAA Form 8020-25 are found in FAA Order 5200.10, Procedures for Conducting Investigations of Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviations. Order 5200.10 can be accessed on the FAA website at https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/.

A.    Returning FAA Form 8020-25. The appropriate Flight Standards office inspector will submit FAA Form 8020-25 to:

Federal Aviation Administration

Airport Safety and Operations Division (AAS-300)

Room 618

800 Independence Avenue SW

Washington, DC 20591

Phone: (202) 267-8731

Fax: (202) 267-5383

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B.    Investigation Timeframe. The investigation must be completed within 90 calendar-days from the date of notification of the incident from the ATO.

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C.    Investigation Findings. If the investigation found that the certificated person other than a pilot was not responsible for the V/PD incident, then the investigating inspector will send a letter explaining the findings of the investigation to the above addresses with a completed FAA Form 8020-19, Reclassification of Aviation Incident Report.

RESERVED. Paragraphs 7-68 through 7-80.