VOLUME 8 GENERAL TECHNICAL FUNCTIONS
CHAPTER 2 TECHNICAL GROUPS, BOARDS, AND NATIONAL RESOURCES
Section 5 Flight Standardization Boards
8-105 GENERAL. This section contains information for inspectors
about the purpose, composition, and responsibilities of Flight Standardization
Boards (FSB) and about resources available to inspectors through the FSBs. This
section also contains guidance for inspectors who may be invited to serve as members of an FSB.
8-106 ESTABLISHMENT OF AN FSB. The Aircraft Evaluation Division decides when
to establish an FSB. FSBs are usually established for large turbojet and turbopropeller
aircraft and Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 41 airplanes. FSBs are
not usually established for Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts
unless the aircraft have unique design, flight, or handling characteristics.
8-107 COMPOSITION OF AN FSB. An FSB is usually composed of a chairperson from
the Aircraft Evaluation Division, Flight Standards Operations inspectors, a
representative of the Office of Safety Standards, and various technical advisors, as follows:
A. Chairperson. The chairperson is usually an Aircraft Evaluation Division
Operations specialist assigned to the aircraft certification project.
B. Operations Inspectors. FSB members are usually Operations
inspectors who will be involved with the initial operational approval of the aircraft.
C. Office of Safety Standards Representative. FSB membership may also include
a representative from either the Air Transportation Division, the Flight Technologies
and Procedures Division, or the General Aviation and Commercial Division, as
appropriate. This representative helps ensure that Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) policy is considered by the FSB.
D. Technical Advisors. At the discretion of the chairperson, technical advisors
from other Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG) boards may be invited to attend.
8-108 RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FSB. The FSB’s primary responsibilities
are to determine the requirements for pilot type ratings, to develop minimum
training recommendations, and to ensure initial flightcrew member competency
in accordance with the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC)
Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board
Evaluations. This information is published in a report that is sent to the Air
Transportation Division for coordination. After approval, it is to be used by
the principal operations inspector (POI) as guidance in approving operator training,
checking, and currency programs. The FSB report is posted on the Flight Standards
Information Management System (FSIMS) under “Publications.” Specific functions
of the FSB are as follows:
A. Determination of Pilot Type Ratings. The FSB determines the
requirement for a pilot type rating for aircraft usually during certification flight tests.
B. Development of Training Objectives. The FSB develops training
objectives for normal and emergency procedures and maneuvers and reviews flight
simulation training device (FSTD) requirements.
C. Training Recommendations. The FSB publishes recommendations
for use by POIs during approval of an operator’s training program. In developing
training objectives and procedures, the FSB considers unique requirements of
an aircraft such as the fly-by-wire electronic flight control system and the
side-stick controller of the Airbus 320.
D. Development of Master Differences Requirements (MDR) Tables.
During FSB evaluations, MDR tables may be developed for related aircraft to
be used by POIs during review and approval of operator’s differences or related aircraft differences training.
E. Initial Training/Checking. FSB members usually conduct initial training
and checking of the manufacturer’s pilots and FAA Operations inspectors.
F. Review of Existing Training Programs. When required, the FSB
may review training programs for existing aircraft to evaluate the effectiveness of the training.
G. Accidents. In case of an accident, FSB members may be consulted
on training or crewmember competency issues involving aircraft assigned to the board.
8-109 RESPONSIBILITIES OF FSB MEMBERS. The FSB chairperson and members
have the following responsibilities:
A. FSB Chairperson. The chairperson is required to attend the
pre-type certification board meeting and is responsible for scheduling meetings during the certification process.
B. FSB Members. Members attend scheduled meetings and participate
in formulating the FSB report.
8-110 FSB REPORT. The AEG branch manager approves the FSB report and the Air
Transportation Division manager grants final approval for publication. FSB reports
are posted on FSIMS under “Publications” where they are available to FAA offices
and the public. The FSB report should contain the recommended minimum training
requirements that Operations inspectors may use when evaluating operator training programs.
A. Report Considerations. FSB reports are based on a variety
of factors, including private sector comments, flight test evaluation, and in-service experience.
B. Final Determinations and Findings. The FSB may hold public
meetings and invite private sector groups to attend, after which the FSB will
make a final determination and issue recommendations.
C. Contents of the FSB Report. The following are elements of an FSB report:
1) Record of Revisions;
3) Highlights of Change;
7) Pilot Type Rating;
8) Related Aircraft;
9) Pilot Training;
10) Pilot Checking;
11) Pilot Currency;
12) Operational Suitability;
14) Appendix 1, Differences Legends;
15) Appendix 2, Master Differences Requirements Table; and
16) Appendix 3, Differences Tables.
NOTE: The FSB report contains only recommended minimum training requirements. Further guidance
on training program approval is found in Volume 3, Chapters 19 and 21.
8-111 TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR RELATED AIRCRAFT. In determining
the need for training requirements for related aircraft, the FSB requests a
revised training program from the manufacturer and evaluates differences between
the base aircraft and the related aircraft based on factors such as design and
operational or procedural differences. Advancements in technology that affect
flight deck automation and aircraft systems are also considered. In addition,
the FSB may collect and review background materials such as the original training
programs and the aircraft’s operating history, including accidents or incidents. If the FSB
determines that training is required for the related aircraft, the operator
should usually modify training programs for the base aircraft and establish
a differences or related aircraft differences training program to address the related aircraft.
8-112 USE OF FSTDs. When new equipment is installed on the aircraft,
FSTDs should be updated to reflect the correct configuration. The FSB, in coordination
with the National Simulator Program (NSP), will determine whether FSTDs are
adequate for meeting regulatory and training requirements.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 8-113 through 8-127.