Volume 8 GENERAL TECHNICAL FUNCTIONS
CHAPTER 2 technical groups, boards, and national resources
Section 5 Flight Standardization Boards
8-105 GENERAL. This section contains information for inspectors about the purpose, composition, and responsibilities of Flight Standardization
Boards (FSB) and about resources available to inspectors through the FSB. This section also contains guidance for inspectors who may be invited to serve as members of an FSB.
8-106 ESTABLISHMENT OF AN FSB. An Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG) decides when to establish an FSB. FSBs are usually established for large turbojet
and turbopropeller aircraft, Special Federal Aviation Regulation
(SFAR) 41 airplanes, and Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
category airplanes. FSBs are not usually established for 14 CFR parts
unless the aircraft have unique design, flight, or handling characteristics.
8-107 COMPOSITION OF AN FSB. An FSB is usually composed of a chairperson
from an AEG, Flight Standards Service (AFS) Operations inspectors, a Washington headquarters (HQ) representative, and various technical advisors, as follows:
A. Chairperson. The chairperson is usually an AEG Operations specialist assigned to the aircraft certification project.
B. Operations Inspectors. FSB members are usually Operations inspectors who will be involved with the initial operational approval of the aircraft.
C. Washington HQ Representative. FSB membership may also include a representative from either the Air Transportation Division (AFS-200), the
Flight Technologies and Procedures Division (AFS-400), or the General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), as appropriate. This representative helps
ensure that Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) policy is considered by the FSB.
D. Technical Advisors. At the discretion of the chairperson, technical advisors from other AEG boards may be invited to attend.
8-108 RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FSB. The FSB’s primary responsibilities are to determine the requirements for pilot type ratings, to develop minimum training
recommendations, and to ensure initial flightcrew member competency in accordance with the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC)
for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations. This information is published in a report that is sent to AFS-200
for coordination. After approval, it is to be used by the principal operations inspector (POI) as guidance in approving operator training, checking, and currency
programs. The FSB report is posted on the Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) under “Publications”. Specific functions of the FSB are as follows:
A. Determination of Pilot Type Ratings. The FSB determines the requirement for a pilot type rating for aircraft usually during certification flight tests.
B. Development of Training Objectives. The FSB develops training objectives for normal
and emergency procedures and maneuvers and reviews flight simulation training device (FSTD) requirements.
C. Training Recommendations. The FSB publishes recommendations for use by POIs during approval of an operator’s training program. In developing
training objectives and procedures, the FSB considers unique requirements of an aircraft such as the fly-by-wire electronic flight control system and the
side-stick controller of the Airbus 320.
D. Development of Master Difference Requirements (MDR) Tables. During FSB evaluations, MDR tables may be developed for related aircraft to be used
by POIs during review and approval of operator’s differences or related aircraft differences training.
E. Initial Training/Checking. Board members usually conduct initial training and checking of the manufacturer’s pilots and FAA Operations inspectors.
F. Review of Existing Training Programs. When required, the FSB
may review training programs for existing aircraft to evaluate the effectiveness of the training.
G. Accidents. In case of an accident, FSB members may be consulted
on training or crewmember competency issues involving aircraft assigned to the board.
8-109 RESPONSIBILITIES OF FSB MEMBERS. The FSB chairperson and members have the following responsibilities:
A. FSB Chairperson. The chairperson is required to attend the
pre-type certification board meeting and is responsible for scheduling meetings during the certification process.
B. FSB Members. Members attend scheduled meetings and participate in formulating the FSB report.
8-110 FSB REPORT. After concurrence by AFS-200, the FSB report is approved by the AEG office manager. FSB reports are posted on FSIMS under “Publications”
where they are available to FAA field offices and the public. The FSB report should contain the recommended
minimum training requirements that operations inspectors may use when evaluating operator training programs.
A. Report Considerations. FSB reports are based on a variety of factors,
including private sector comments, flight test evaluation, and in-service experience.
B. Final Determinations and Findings. The FSB may hold public
meetings and invite private sector groups to attend, after which the FSB will make a final determination and issue recommendations.
C. Contents of the FSB Report. The FSB report should contain at least the following:
· The assignment of type ratings;
· A recommendation of minimum training, checking, and currency requirements; and
· Any special training requirements.
NOTE: The FSB report contains only recommended minimum training requirements. Further
guidance on training program approval is found in AC
120-53 and in Volume 3 of this order.
8-111 TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR RELATED AIRCRAFT. In determining the need for training requirements for related aircraft, the FSB requests a revised training
program from the manufacturer and evaluates differences between the base aircraft and the related aircraft based on factors such as design and operational or
procedural differences. Advancements in technology that affect flight deck automation and aircraft systems are also considered. In addition, the FSB may collect and
review background materials such as the original training programs and the aircraft’s operating history, including accidents or incidents. If the FSB determines that
training is required for the related aircraft, the operator shall usually modify training programs for the base aircraft and establish a differences or related
aircraft differences training program to address the related aircraft.
8-112 USE OF FLIGHT SIMULATORS OR TRAINING DEVICES. When new equipment is installed on the aircraft, flight simulators or training devices should be updated to
reflect the correct configuration. The FSB, in coordination with the National Simulator Program (NSP), shall determine whether training devices are adequate
for meeting regulatory and training requirements.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 8-113 through 8-127.