VOLUME 12 INTERNATIONAL AVIATION
CHAPTER 2 FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS OPERATING TO THE UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN OPERATORS OF U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT ENGAGED IN COMMON CARRIAGE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
Section 3 Part
129 Part A Operations Specifications
A. Responsible Flight Standard District Office (FSDO). The phrase “responsible FSDO” used in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
129.11 means any International Field Office (IFO) with responsibility for the oversight of part
B. Special Interest Flight (SIF). An SIF is any flight conducted in U.S. territorial airspace in aircraft registered in, or designated as, or operating with
the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) three‑letter designator of a foreign operator in a country that the U.S. State Department has designated as a special interest country.
OPSPEC A001ISSUANCE AND APPLICABILITY, AND REPORTS (Required for All Air Carriers).
A. Legal Name, Doing Business As (DBA), Air Operator Certificate
(AOC), and Economic Authority. OpSpec A001 must identify the OpSpecs holder.
The name that appears in OpSpec A001 must be the legal name of the foreign air
carrier as shown on its AOC issued by the State of the Operator and as shown
on its economic authority applicable to its operations or registrant information
filed with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). See also
Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 2 for
added detail referencing economic authority, and 14 CFR part
the regulatory reference.
NOTE: If a foreign air carrier were to conduct operations wholly outside
the United States that involved the carriage of a U.S. air carrier code, the
foreign air carrier would need economic authority in the form of an exemption
and would also require a statement of authorization under 14 CFR part 212.
It would also have to meet all of the requirements of the Code-Share Safety Audit
program. (If a foreign air carrier conducted operations wholly outside the United
States that did not involve the carriage of a U.S. air carrier code, then the
foreign air carrier would not need DOT economic authority.)
1) The State of the Operator AOC (Identification). The identifying
number of the foreign air carrier AOC is as issued by the Civil Aviation Authority
(CAA) of the State of the Operator. Foreign air carriers must provide a copy
of the AOC and principal inspectors (PI) must verify the AOC with the CAA before the issuance of part
2) Legal Name and DBA. PIs can verify the foreign air carrier’s
or Canadian air taxi operator’s legal name (listed on its economic authority)
and DBA by any of the following methods:
a) By requesting from the air carrier or Canadian air taxi operator either
their final notice from the DOT or their application for DOT economic authority.
b) By conducting a search on the regulations.gov website at
NOTE: A search may be narrowed down by limiting the words used in your
search such as: [name of airline] permit, [name of airline] exemption or DOT-OST-[docket
year of original request]-[the next 4 numbers that were assigned to the original
request]. When reviewing search results, look for key words such as “Final Order”
in the title associated with [name of airline] permit and DBA. Another phrase
to look for in the search results is “Notice of Action Taken” in the title associated
with [name of airline] exemption and DBA. Notice of action taken would indicate
the DOT final decision for approval or disapproval of an exemption or permit
request. The DOT assigns a docket number to each request and response. The docket
number of the response will be associated with the docket number of the request.
If you have a copy of the airline request for DOT economic authority, it may
be easier to search by the docket number. If searching by docket number, type
in all but the last 4 digits of the docket number associated with the request.
For example, if the request had a docket number of: “DOT-OST-2012-0211-0001,”
search using DOT-OST-2012-0211. Your search should yield the following results:
DOT‑OST‑2012-0211-0001, DOT-OST-2012-0211-0002..., as applicable. The search
results may not be in numerical or chronological order.
c) By contacting the DOT’s Foreign Air Carrier Licensing Division. A foreign
air carrier that wishes to change its legal name on its Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) OpSpecs must first register any name change with the DOT following the
procedures in 14 CFR part 215, and present evidence of its new name on an AOC
issued by the State of the Operator CAA.
NOTE: You can find a list of Canadian air taxi operators registered
under 14 CFR part 294 at the following DOT website:
3) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Person’s OpSpec Designator/Number
§ 129.14 Templates).
This will be the same number obtained from the Aviation
Data Systems Branch (AFS‑620). Enter it into the foreign air carrier’s enhanced Vital Information Database (eVID).
B. The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Person’s Address.
1) Address of Place of Business or Residence. The foreign air
carrier’s or person’s address is the physical address of the foreign air carrier’s
place of business or residence within the State of the Operator.
NOTE: Under international law, the State of the Operator is responsible
for issuing an AOC to an air carrier that engages in international commercial
air transport. The AOC must be issued in accordance with the standards of the
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 6, Part I or III, as
applicable to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention).
Annex 6 defines the State of the Operator as, “The State in which the operator’s
principal place of business is located or, if there is no such place of business,
the operator’s permanent residence.”
2) The Address of the Foreign Air Carrier within the United States.
Some foreign air carriers will have an operations representative in the United
States (e.g., a representative for North American operations). If the air carrier
does not have an address within the United States, enter “None.”
3) Address for International Mail Delivery. The foreign air carrier’s
mailing address for international mail delivery to its principal place of business
or residence within the State of the Operator.
C. Responsible Flight Standards District Office (FSDO). Enter
the name and the mailing and overnight delivery address of the International
Field Office (IFO) with responsibility for the oversight of the OpSpec holder,
to include the PI names and contact information to assist PIs with oversight
responsibilities of the OpSpec holder.
D. U.S.-Registered Aircraft. Foreign air carriers operating U.S.-registered
aircraft must ensure each flightcrew member complies with 14 CFR part
See Volume 12, Chapter 4, Section 1 for
additional information on pilot age requirements as they relate to foreign air carriers using the services
of a pilot of a civil airplane of U.S. registry.
E. Information Required by OpSpec A001 (the Part
The following is a summary of some of the information captured in OpSpec A001 for foreign air carriers operating to the United States.
1) Authorized Operations. The kind of operations authorized (scheduled and/or
nonscheduled). Per the DOT, frequency/schedule of service does not by itself
necessarily delineate charter vs. scheduled. That is typically determined by
the method in which the service is held out/advertised/sold, as well as in the
terms of the contract of carriage between the carrier and the passenger. In
general, if the service is held out in a Global Distribution System (GDS) and/or
appears as scheduled service in the official airline guide (OAG), the DOT would
associate that degree of advertising to equate to scheduled service. On the
other hand, many U.S. and foreign air carriers engage in direct charter sales
and legally operate such flights as charter operations. If it is not clear cut,
it is a determination the DOT typically makes on a case-by-case basis.
2) Foreign Air Carrier Responsibilities. The responsibilities
(appropriate DOT economic authority, appropriate Transportation Security Administration
(TSA) security program, valid State of the Operator AOC or equivalent document,
required reports as specified in OpSpec A001, etc.) of the foreign air carrier
in conducting its operation to the United States. See subparagraph G for additional
guidance on an appropriate TSA security program.
3) Applicable Regulations. The regulatory sections (14 CFR parts
Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR) part 175) and
any other applicable regulations, laws, and orders of the United States or international
standards that apply to the operations to be conducted (Annex 1; Annex 6, Part
I or III; and Annex 8, Part II, chapters 3 and 4, to the Convention on International
Civil Aviation, as applicable).
NOTE: Certain portions of 14 CFR part 382 are also applicable to foreign air carriers.
4) OpSpec Effectiveness. General requirements about the effectiveness
of an air carrier’s OpSpecs as they relate to its DOT economic authority and
crewmember licensing and age requirements. Foreign air carriers must comply
with the current age requirements of Annex 1 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
5) The DOT Economic Authority Type. Based on what the DOT has
issued, in the table within subparagraph a of the OpSpec, under the heading
of “DOT Economic Authority (Type),” select either “Foreign Air Carrier Exemption,”
“Foreign Air Carrier Permit,” or “Part 294 Registrant.” For additional guidance
on economic authority, see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9,
subparagraph 12-353C. PIs may find reference to a “third country”
in the text of the economic authority. “Third country” is intended to refer
to a country other than the two countries discussed in a particular passage
of text. In most cases involving foreign air carriers, that would mean a country
other than the foreign carrier’s homeland or the United States. For example,
in the context of a Canadian air taxi operator, a third country would be a country
other than Canada or the United States.
a) The DOT issues “Part 294 Registrant” for Canadian charter air taxi operators.
Part 294, § 294.1 states, in part, “This part establishes a classification of
foreign air carriers known as “Canadian charter air taxi operators,” and establishes
registration procedures for these carriers operating or seeking to operate transborder
services between Canada and the United States.” A charter from a third country
to the United States or vice versa:
• Does not meet the definition of transborder between Canada and
the United States; and
• Is a “7th freedom” charter which is handled on a case-by-case
basis under the application procedures outlined in part 212.
NOTE: The DOT has for years considered applications from Part 294 Registrants
for these types of charters. The application procedures and DOT decisional factors are discussed on the DOT website at
(See the heading “Charter Operations Requiring Prior Approval.”) Many of these
charters are requested, approved, and operated within a matter of days; and
would be reflected on the following week’s report of the DOT weekly list of
undocketed applications. All of the weekly reports are available at
If the PI needs to verify that a particular carrier holds a statement of authorization,
the PI might need to request a copy of the approval from the carrier or from the DOT. Such need
may arise when the responsible PI receives notification from the Part 294 Registrant
of a nonscheduled flight which is not transborder between Canada and the United States.
b) Section 294.2(i) states, “Small aircraft means any aircraft designed
(1) A maximum passenger capacity of not more than 30
seats and a maximum payload capacity of not more than 7,500 pounds, and/or
(2) maximum authorized takeoff weight on wheels not greater
than 35,000 pounds.”
NOTE: The DOT’s view of the “and/or” in § 294.2(i) is that it should
be read as “or.” This means that operators who have aircraft over 35,000 lbs.,
but meet the requirement for under 30 seats and 7,500 lbs. of payload, meet
the definition of a small aircraft.
6) The DOT Economic Authority Expiration. Based on what the DOT
has issued, in the table within subparagraph a of the OpSpec, under the heading
of “DOT Economic Authority (Expiration),” there are three selectable choices:
a blank space, “N/A,” and “application pending (Part 377 & APA).” If the
DOT economic authority is without an expiration date, then select “N/A.” If
the foreign air carrier’s economic authority has an expiration date, then select
the blank space and enter the expiration date. In addition to the expiration
date, PIs may also enter the Docket ID. PIs must select “application is pending
(Part 377 & APA)” if:
a) The foreign air carrier has applied for exemption renewal before the
exemption’s expiration date;
b) In the application for renewal, the applicant cited 14 CFR part 377 and
Administrative Procedures Act (APA); and
c) The DOT has not taken some type of action.
NOTE: A foreign air carrier exemption will always have an expiration
date. The DOT will grant an exemption for 1 or 2 years, subject to timely renewal.
Per the DOT, there is no limit on the duration that any application may remain
pending. In the case of denial of a long-pending application of a carrier that holds part
it is likely that the DOT would advise both the International
Program Division (AFS-50) in Washington, DC and the applicable IFO. The DOT
will grant a permit to a foreign air carrier under the statute typically 99 percent
of the time for an indefinite period, subject to certain conditions
tied to the agreements. In the event that the permit covers something extra
bilateral (not specifically covered by the agreement), the permit will be granted
for 5 years. Canadian air taxi registrations under part 294 are indefinite.
7) DBA Names Authorized by the DOT and the State of the Operator.
(See also subparagraph A.)
8) Authorized Geographic Areas of U.S. Operation. The foreign
air carrier must conduct each operation within the United States in accordance
with its State of the Operator-issued AOC and associated limitations and provisions,
and in accordance with specific authorizations, limitations, and procedures
contained in these FAA-issued foreign OpSpecs. For the purpose of this OpSpec,
the available authorized areas are selectable as follows:
• USAThe 48 Contiguous United States and the District of Columbia.
• USAThe State of Alaska.
• USAThe State of Hawaii.
• USAThe Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
• USAThe Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).
• USAThe Territory of American Samoa.
• USAThe Territory of Guam.
• USAThe Territory of the U.S. Virgin Islands.
9) Authorized Radio Call Sign and the ICAO Three-Letter Designator.
Like the United States, some foreign CAAs do not require all air carriers to
whom they have issued an AOC to obtain a radio call sign and the ICAO three-letter
designator. It is each operator’s responsibility to provide the responsible
PI with supporting documentation. PIs may find additional information on international
standards in ICAO Annex 10, Volume II, chapter 5, paragraph 184.108.40.206.2, Radiotelephony Call Signs for Aircraft.
10) Nonscheduled Flight Notification Method. If the air carrier
conducts only nonscheduled operations, leave the “Airports to be Used for Scheduled
Operations” table blank. If the air carrier to whom the FAA issues part
plans on conducting a nonscheduled flight, the air carrier must
provide the responsible IFO with advance written notice (including by fax, email,
or paper document) of the operation. For urgent situations, a foreign air carrier
may use telephone notification to the responsible IFO, followed by a written
notice sent as soon as possible. At a minimum, the nonscheduled foreign air
carrier must provide the following information for each flight conducted to,
from, or within the United States:
a) Aircraft registration.
b) Aircraft make/model.
c) All arrival and departure airports to be used within the United States.
d) Estimated arrival and departure times at each airport used.
NOTE: As directed by the IFO, the air carrier will provide updates on
the estimated time of arrival (ETA) and departure when delays are expected.
e) Purpose or description of flight. For example, ferry flight for maintenance,
golf charter, dropping off passengers, etc.
f) If possible, the air carrier should provide a contact phone number within
the United States. An example of this would be a Fixed-Base Operator (FBO),
a ground-handling company, or a contract maintenance provider.
NOTE: Foreign air carriers from U.S. State Department-designated special
interest countries to which the FAA issues part
are exempt by the U.S. State Department from the previously required Special Interest Flight (SIF) program notifications. A part
air carrier’s route information will no longer be posted on the FAA SIF website. A foreign air carrier from a special interest country conducting a 14 CFR part
by the DOT for occasional plane load charters) must continue to make SIF notifications. A part
route information is required to be posted on the SIF website.
An inspector conducting a ramp inspection may use the FAA SIF website as an
additional tool to help determine the type of operation conducted. Inspectors
should direct any operational issues with a specific SIF to the Domestic Events
Network (DEN). PIs should direct general questions on SIFs, including link and
access authorization for the FAA SIF website, to the Strategic Operations Security
Group (AJR-22) via email at
PIs may find FAA U.S. Territorial Airspace Route Authorization Requirements for SIF operators for
each special interest country in the International section of the FAA Class
II Notices to Airmen (NOTAM) publication at
11) Airports Used in Scheduled Operations. For scheduled operations,
select one ICAO airport identifier per drop-down menu. For additional details
on foreign air carrier actions (e.g., what the foreign air carrier must provide
to the IFO to operate into an airport in the United States and what the IFO
uses to evaluate whether to approve the addition of an airport to OpSpec A001), see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 5,
OpSpec C067, subparagraph C. For scheduled
operations, the foreign air carrier will provide the list of airports to be
used and included as follows:
a) Regular Terminal. An airport approved under scheduled service to a community
as the regular stop to that community.
b) Alternate. An airport at which an aircraft may land if a landing at the
intended airport becomes inadvisable or if operational necessity requires the
use of that airport. Select the most probable alternate for the regular terminal
airport listed for a given regular terminal airport. This does not preclude
the foreign air carrier from using an alternate airport not listed in the table
if weather, air traffic control (ATC) routing, or other operational necessity requires it.
c) Technical/Refueling Stop. Leave blank if the foreign air carrier has
no technical/refueling stop that it will use on a regular basis for the regular terminal airport.
NOTE: For nonscheduled operations, the “Airports to be Used for Scheduled
Operations” table will be left blank. See Volume 11 for inspector guidance on
Environmental Assessments (EA) when adding a new scheduled destination airport
for the operator. For a checklist of the information needed by the General Aviation
Operations Branch (AFS-830) for an environmental review, refer to the document
in the Web-based Operations Safety System (WebOPSS) for OpSpec A001 by clicking
the Guidance button and locating the document in the Guidance pop-up window
titled “OpSpecs Environmental Reviews.”
12) Notifications. Changes to any information in the FAA-issued
OpSpecs, or the basis upon which the FAA issued them, require that the foreign
air carrier notify the responsible IFO in a form and manner acceptable to the
FAA. For example, changes to the:
a) Foreign air carrier (company) ownership;
b) Addresses for the foreign air carrier and contact details, such as telephone, fax, and email;
c) Foreign air carrier agent for service and management personnel;
d) Economic authority issued by the U.S. DOT;
e) Airports authorized for scheduled operations to the United States by
the State of the Operator and to be used in the United States; and
f) Notification method for nonscheduled flights to the United States.
NOTE: The responsible IFOs, if necessary, should make periodic inquiries
to the air carrier to ensure the currency of information.
13) Additional Reports. The foreign air carrier must provide additional
reports and notifications when requested by the FAA. For example:
a) A copy of the valid AOC or equivalent document issued by the State of the Operator;
b) For scheduled flights, the schedule and frequency of flights and any
changes to those schedules and frequencies; and
c) The foreign air carrier’s operations and maintenance liaison persons
and contractors at any U.S. airport served on a scheduled basis.
14) Responsible FSDO. See subparagraph C.
F. Information Required by OpSpec A001 (the §
The following is a summary of the information captured
in OpSpec A001 for foreign air carriers or foreign persons operating U.S.-registered
aircraft only outside the United States.
1) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Foreign Person’s Name. See subparagraph A.
2) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Foreign Person’s Addresses. See subparagraph B.
3) DBA Names Authorized by the State of the Operator. See subparagraph A.
4) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Foreign Person’s OpSpec Designator/Number. See subparagraph A.
5) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Foreign Person’s State’s Operating Certificate Number.
6) The Foreign Air Carrier’s or Foreign Person’s Representative.
This representative will be the primary representative for all contact regarding
the air carrier’s or person’s U.S.-issued OpSpecs for the maintenance program
and minimum equipment list (MEL) approval.
8) Responsible FSDO. See subparagraph C.
G. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Security Program. Part
must maintain an appropriate security program, as required
by the TSA. If a security program is required by the TSA, then responsible PIs
need documentation from their part
(on the TSA security program) prior to issuing OpSpecs. The
TSA will make the determination if the operator needs a security program. It
is each operator’s responsibility to contact the TSA. The TSA will analyze the
carrier’s proposed operations and fleet. Per the TSA:
1) Title 49 CFR part 1546 identifies operators not obligated
to hold a security program.
2) Many smaller charters may fall into the category of not needing
a security program. Essentially, foreign air carriers with planes with less
than 60 seats, less than a certain takeoff weight, not flying into/out of a
sterile area, and not departing from an area where the TSA has determined a
threat exists are not required by the TSA to have a security program. Operators
may opt in to have a TSA security program, if they like.
3) The TSA Office of Global Strategies (OGS) maintains a list of part
with valid TSA security programs. Operators on the TSA’s OGS
list are carriers that hold a security program (model security program (MSP),
all-cargo international security procedure (ACISP), twelve-five standard security
program (TFSSP), etc.) and actively fly to/from the United States. Active is
defined by the individual TSA International Industry Representative (IIR) and
can include asking if the carrier has flown to/from the United States in the
past year, and will the carrier fly to/from the United States in the next year.
If both answers are no, then typically those operators will be removed from
the Automatic Detection and Processing Terminal (ADAPT).
NOTE: If the responsible IFO has any concerns regarding an operator’s
TSA security program, they will contact AFS-50 who will assist in coordinating
with the TSA, as appropriate. IFOs may request a copy of the latest OGS list
OPSPEC A002DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS (Required for All Air Carriers). OpSpec A002 includes definitions of words or phrases used in other OpSpecs paragraphs. These
definitions enhance understandings between the FAA and foreign air carriers. These definitions have been developed by the International Programs and Policy Office (AFS-50) and must not be
changed. Any recommendations for changes/addition to these definitions will need to be forwarded to AFS-50 for review and determination. An addition of a definition by an International
Field Office (IFO) would make the OpSpec nonstandard and, as such, must be processed as a nonstandard OpSpec request through AFS-50 for approval.
OPSPEC A003AIRCRAFT AUTHORIZATION (Required for All Foreign Air Carriers Operating to the United StatesOnly the Part
129 OpSpec Templates, Not the §
129.14 OpSpec Templates).
A. General. OpSpec A003 lists the aircraft that the FAA has authorized a foreign air carrier to use in its operations to the United States
by aircraft, configuration, conditions, and certain operations authorized. This paragraph also describes the following specific requirements in order for the aircraft
to be listed in OpSpec A003 and used by a foreign air carrier to conduct its international air transportation operations within the United States.
NOTE: Civil aircraft operated solely in nonrevenue service (not holding out to the public) to the United States by a foreign air carrier who also
conducts scheduled or nonscheduled operations in common carriage (holding out to the public) to the United States do not need to be listed in OpSpec A003.
1) Aircraft Registration and Airworthiness Certificates. The aircraft must have on board a current and valid Certificate of Airworthiness and
registration issued by the State of Registry. The Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention) requires in Article 29 that aircraft engaged in international
navigation carry a Certificate of Airworthiness and registration. Airworthiness and registration certificates are also required for foreign air carrier aircraft by 14 CFR part
part 375, §
If the aircraft is subject to an agreement made under Article 83 bis (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 8)
to the Chicago Convention, the Certificate of Airworthiness may be issued by the State of the Operator.
2) Airworthiness Code. The State of Registry must have a comprehensive and detailed national airworthiness code established for the class of aircraft
as required by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 8, Part II, chapter 3, paragraph 3.2.2. Determinations concerning the adequacy of a State’s airworthiness code are
made under the FAA’s International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) Program. If any doubt exists, contact the International Program Division (AFS-50) before adding the aircraft.
3) Maintenance Programs. Each aircraft must have a maintenance program approved by the State of Registry or, for an aircraft subject to an Article 83 bis
agreement, by the State of the Operator. For aircraft subject to an Article 83 bis agreement, verify the agreement has been registered with ICAO and covers the applicable aircraft (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 8).
The maintenance program shall conform to the international standards set forth in ICAO Annex 6, Part I, chapters 8 and 11 for airplanes, and ICAO Annex 6, Part III, chapters 6 and 9 for
helicopters. For each U.S.-registered aircraft, the FAA must have approved the maintenance program in accordance with
4) Minimum Equipment List (MEL) Exceptions. The aircraft manufacturer develops the Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) in conjunction with the State
of the manufacturer’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). The State of the Operator approves a foreign air carrier’s MEL. Each foreign air carrier who wants to operate U.S.-registered
aircraft with certain instruments or equipment inoperative must have OpSpec D095 issued to them (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 6).
If the foreign air carrier does not have an MEL, then the principal inspector (PI) must ensure that the following selectable limitation is selected in OpSpec A003 under subparagraph b:
“The following aircraft listed below do not have a minimum equipment list (MEL). Accordingly, the foreign air carrier must not take off the following
aircraft with inoperable instruments or equipment installed.”
NOTE: Additionally, the PI must ensure that the appropriate aircraft make, model, and series (M/M/S), aircraft registration, or both are listed in the text box below
the above limitation. For example, if a foreign air carrier has three aircraft listed in the table for OpSpec A003, none of which has an MEL, then the PI should just list the M/M/S. If a
foreign air carrier has three aircraft listed in the table for OpSpec A003, all of which are the same M/M/S, but one of the aircraft does not have an MEL, then the PI needs only to ensure
that the registration number of the aircraft without the MEL is listed.
5) Airworthiness Directives (AD). A foreign air carrier must have properly accomplished all ADs issued by the State of Registry or adopted by the State of Registry
from the State of Design applicable to each aircraft listed, in accordance with ICAO Annex 6, Part I, chapters 8 and 11 (airplanes) and ICAO Annex 6, Part III, chapters 6 and 9 (helicopters), as
applicable. After the aircraft is listed in the OpSpecs, the failure to comply on an ongoing basis with all applicable ADs is justification for removing the aircraft from the OpSpecs.
NOTE: OpSpec A447 must also be issued to each carrier operating U.S.-registered aircraft, which are listed in OpSpec A003, to enable the FAA to notify
the foreign air carrier regarding emergency ADs.
6) Flight Deck Security. Section
additional flight deck security requirements to prevent unwanted persons from entering the flight deck when operating to the United States.
7) Aircraft Accident Liability Insurance. A foreign air carrier’s aircraft must have accident liability insurance coverage and meet the
requirements of 14 CFR part 205.
B. Enter Aircraft Information. All aircraft information must be first entered into the Web-based Operations Safety System (WebOPSS) in the left navigation
area, under “CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Aircraft.” Once you do that, when you move a new OpSpec A003 template to the workspace, all of the
information entered under “OperatorAircraft” will self-populate the table. All aircraft that the foreign air carrier owns, dry leases, or wet leases that it will operate
within the United States must be entered in OpSpec A003. Both foreign- and U.S.-registered aircraft must be entered. The aircraft of a foreign air carrier that provides service to the United
States will only be listed in OpSpec A003 of the “primary operator’s” OpSpec A003, in the case of an interchange operation; the “lessor’s” OpSpec A003,
in the case of a wet lease; or the “lessee’s” OpSpec A003, in the case of a dry lease (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9).
NOTE: For additional help in adding an aircraft to part
OpSpecs in the left navigation area, select “CHDOUser Manual” under “Tools.”
1) M/M/S. When entering an authorized M/M/S into OpSpec A003, select it from the listing provided in WebOPSS. If the appropriate M/M/S cannot be found in
WebOPSS, inspectors should immediately notify the WebOPSS help desk so that the table can be updated. On the “Certificate Holder, Aircraft Authorization” menu, enter data on
both the “General” and “Detail” tabs.
2) Aircraft Serial Number. Enter the manufacturer’s aircraft serial number.
3) Aircraft Registration Number. Enter the aircraft registration marking assigned by the State of Registry. The ICAO defines the State of Registry
as “the State on whose register the aircraft is entered.” In accordance with Article 18 of the Chicago Convention, an aircraft cannot be validly registered in more than one State.
4) Configuration. PIs must select “All Cargo,” “Passenger,” “Combi,” or “Pax and Cargo”
based on the main cabin configuration.
a) All Cargo. The main cabin is for cargo hauling only. There may be a few supernumerary seats.
b) Passenger. The main cabin is for passenger (pax) seating only. There may be overhead bins for bags.
c) Combi. The main cabin of the airplane is a simultaneous combination of passenger and cargo. For example, half of the main cabin volume is for cargo
and half of the main cabin volume is passenger seating.
d) Pax and Cargo. At one time the main cabin is All Cargo (see subparagraph a)) and at another time the main cabin is Passenger (see subparagraph b)),
though not at the same time.
EXCEPTION: The PI must ensure that the selection represents how the aircraft’s main cabin can be used and that it is not contrary to the type of service for which the
aircraft is approved. For example, if an aircraft’s main cabin can be configured for “Pax and Cargo,” but the State of the Operator and the Department of Transportation
(DOT) economic authority only authorize the air carrier to carry passengers, then the PI must select “Passenger.”
5) En Route. Inspectors must enter the appropriate en route flight rule for each M/M/S. If the M/M/S is a large aircraft, as defined in OpSpec A002,
and/or approved for only instrument flight rules (IFR) operations by the State of the Operator’s CAA, select the phrase “IFR” in the column labeled “En Route.”
If the M/M/S is other than a large aircraft, as defined in OpSpec A002, and/or restricted to visual flight rules (VFR)‑only operations by the State of the Operator’s CAA, select
the phrase “VFR.” If the M/M/S is other than a large aircraft, as defined in OpSpec A002, and/or approved for both IFR and VFR operations by the State of the Operator’s
CAA, select the phrase “IFR/VFR.”
6) Condition. Select the day/night condition for each M/M/S. If the State of the Operator’s CAA approves the M/M/S for both day and night conditions,
select the phrase “Day/Night” in the column labeled “Condition.” If the State of the Operator’s CAA approves the M/M/S for daylight conditions only, select
the phrase “Day Only.”
7) Noise Stage. This only applies to turbojet airplanes with a maximum weight of more than 75,000 pounds; otherwise, enter “N/A.” Select the aircraft
noise stage II, III, or IV. If the aircraft is stage II or the aircraft is a dual-noise-stage-certificated B747, then OpSpec A026 must also be issued to the foreign air carrier. Evidence
of noise stage should be from approved aircraft documentation, such as a noise certificate (if issued), approved flight manual, or other document issued by the State of Registry.
8) Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM). The operational authorization of RVSM is provided by the State of the Operator. OpSpec A003 is used to
confirm that the foreign air carrier has operational approval. The maintenance program is approved by the State of Registry. For U.S.-registered aircraft, the United States approves
RVSM maintenance as part of the maintenance program authorized via OpSpec D085. The State of the Operator must have regulation and supporting guidance documents for the issuance of RVSM.
a) Authorized for RVSM Operations. If the foreign air carrier has aircraft that are authorized for RVSM operations by the State of the Operator, then for
each authorized aircraft, select “Yes” in the “RVSM” column of Table 1 in OpSpec A003.
NOTE: If the PI has concerns as to how the State of the Operator approved the air carrier for RVSM (e.g., the State of the Operator approved the air carrier
without regulation and supporting guidance documents for the issuance of RVSM), then the PI must advise the International Operations Branch (AFS-52). AFS-52 will coordinate with the
Flight Technologies and Procedures Division (AFS-400) subject matter expert (SME), initiate discussions with the State of the Operator (as appropriate), and advise the PI on resolution.
b) Not Authorized for RVSM Operations. If the foreign air carrier is not authorized for RVSM, then select “No” in the “RVSM”
column of Table 1 in OpSpec A003.
c) Authorization Process. Before designating the airplanes in OpSpec A003, the responsible International Field Office (IFO) inspectors must obtain documentation
from the foreign air carrier or operator for verification of RVSM approval to include the following:
1. In the case of foreign-registered airplanes, a copy of their foreign OpSpecs or other issued Air Operator Certificate (AOC) special
operating provisions that show they have been authorized by the State of the Operator for RVSM. The documentation from the foreign CAA must show the M/M/S, aircraft serial number,
and aircraft registration number of the airplanes that the operator has been authorized to fly in RVSM airspace. Normally for foreign-registered aircraft, the responsible IFO inspectors
will only need to examine the foreign OpSpecs or other AOC special operating provisions documented evidence of foreign CAA approval. If the responsible IFO believes it to be necessary in
the interest of safety to verify such RVSM authorization, then the responsible IFO inspector(s) may require that the operator submit the following:
a. Documentation of airplane RVSM eligibility. The foreign air carrier’s or operator’s aircraft must comply with RVSM standards.
For in-service aircraft, documentation showing that inspections and/or aircraft system modifications are completed as required by the applicable Service Bulletin (SB), Service Letter (SL),
Supplemental Type Certificate (STC), or other approved documents approved or accepted by the State of Registry’s CAA. For aircraft that were manufactured RVSM-compliant, the Airplane
Flight Manual (AFM) or Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) contains a statement of RVSM eligibility, as appropriate.
NOTE: For U.S.-registered airplanes, the FAA is the State of Registry’s CAA and documentation must be in accordance with subparagraph b below.
b. Documentation showing that the State of the Operator’s CAA has approved the foreign air carrier’s or operator’s RVSM maintenance
program and that it is acceptable to the State of Registry.
c. Documentation that the State of the Operator’s CAA has approved/accepted the operator’s plan to participate in a monitoring program.
d. Documentation that the State of the Operator’s CAA has approved/accepted the foreign air carrier’s or operator’s RVSM operational procedures
in their manual required by ICAO Annex 6, Part I, chapter 4, paragraph 4.2.
2. In the case of U.S.-registered airplanes, documentation of airplane RVSM eligibility. For in‑service aircraft, the FAA determines that
inspections and/or aircraft system modifications are completed as required by the applicable SB, SL, STC, or other Aircraft Certification Office (ACO)-approved document.
For aircraft manufactured RVSM-compliant, the AFM or TCDS contains a statement of RVSM eligibility, as appropriate.
9) Additional Aircraft Information. When adding aircraft information into WebOPSS under “CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Aircraft,” enter, select,
or check other information about the aircraft as appropriate to the AOC and the aircraft used. These include nose number (or “N/A”); Multiengine Land (MEL),
Single-Engine Land (SEL), Multiengine Sea (MES), Single-Engine Sea (SES), etc., or §
number of certificated and installed seats; and Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF) information, if appropriate. Fields denoted with an asterisk are required. The “Authorizations” column
should have appropriate entries assigned (e.g., RVSM, Category (CAT) II, or CAT III) for each aircraft entry.
10) Ground Deicing Program. The PI must ensure that the appropriate response from the drop‑down list (yes or no) is selected in the column labeled
“Ground Deicing Program” for each CAA‑approved aircraft based on whether or not the M/M/S has been approved for ground deicing. If requested, the foreign air carrier must provide
(as proof of CAA ground deicing program approval) their PI with either:
• The English-language material provided to the U.S. ground deicing
contractor (if the foreign air carrier’s manual reference for ground deicing is not in English); or
• The foreign air carrier’s manual reference (if in English).
a) Approved Program. A foreign air carrier must communicate with each contractor prior to having its aircraft deiced on procedures to be followed. Contractors are not
regulated by the FAA and will not have approved or accepted deicing programs; however, the contractor is required to follow the air carrier’s approved deicing program. It is the air carrier’s
responsibility to communicate its procedures to each contractor and to ensure that the air carrier’s approved program is being followed. ICAO Annex 6, Part I, chapter 4 states in part that:
1. A flight must not commence until the pilot in command (PIC) is assured that the airplane is Airworthy in respect to ice contamination.
2. Accumulation of ice or other naturally occurring contaminants must be removed so that the airplane is kept in
an Airworthy condition prior to takeoff.
b) Not-Approved Program. Some CAAs do not require a system to conduct operations during ground icing conditions if the air carrier:
• Only operates in areas where ground icing conditions should not
occur, such as Puerto Rico and other specific islands and territories within the region of the South Pacific Ocean, such as Guam and Samoa.
• Is only authorized VFR with small airplanes or helicopters. These
are typically nonscheduled, on-demand charter operations (e.g., from Canada).
NOTE: The above is not an exclusive list. There are CAAs that authorize an operator into IFR, but not for ground deicing.
c) ICAO Annex 6.
1. In accordance with ICAO Annex 6, Part I, 4.3.5, for airplanes, or Annex 6, Part III, 2.3.5, for helicopters, when a flight is planned,
or expected to operate in suspected or known ground icing conditions, such that frost, ice, or snow may reasonably be expected to adhere to the aircraft, the foreign air carrier shall not
take off unless the aircraft has been inspected for icing and, if necessary, has been given appropriate deicing/anti-icing treatment.
Accumulation of ice or other naturally occurring contaminants shall be removed so that the aircraft is kept in an Airworthy condition prior to takeoff.
2. The foreign air carrier shall have a system to conduct operations in accordance with the requirements above and the carrier’s
system shall be contained in the manual required by ICAO Annex 6, Part I, 4.2.3, and Appendix 2, 2.1.15, for airplanes, or Annex 6, Part III, 2.2.3, and Attachment G, 2.1.14, for helicopters.
The foreign air carrier’s system shall not conflict with the aircraft approved flight manual, and shall have been accepted or approved by the foreign air carrier’s State CAA.
3. In accordance with part
foreign air carriers operating to the United States must comply with the minimum ICAO Annex 6 standards.
11) Data Communications (Data Comm). The FAA has made Departure Clearance (DCL) available using Future Air Navigation System 1/A (FANS 1/A) at various
airports within the United States. This is an alternative means to voice communication between pilots and air traffic control (ATC) with data link communications at
those U.S. airports for the purpose of picking up DCLs. Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication (CPDLC)-DCL is now operational at various U.S. airports.
In 2018, data link communications will be implemented in U.S. en route airspace. When that occurs, if the operator has Data Comm that meets the requirements
of U.S. airspace and is already authorized via A003, then the operator can use Data Comm within the United States whenever/wherever it is available.
NOTE: The National Airspace System (NAS) Data Communications Guide replaced the Data Communications Implementation Team (DCIT) CPDLC-DCL Flight Deck User
Guide. When Data Comm is available for en route in U.S. airspace, the current edition of Advisory Circular
Data Link Communications, will contain the requirements for en route in U.S. airspace as well.
12) Data Comm Criteria Acceptable to the FAA. The FAA does not approve data link communications installations, training programs, MELs, or
maintenance programs for foreign operators operating non‑U.S.‑registered aircraft. Such authorizations are addressed as specified by the State of the Operator.
However, since compatibility of data link communications within U.S. airspace is essential, part
guidelines for data link communications are issued. Compliance with these data link communications provisions ensures both data link communication
system and procedural compatibility. The FAA issues limitations for data link communications, in accordance with, but not limited to, the following:
• Global Operational Data Link (GOLD) Manual, ICAO global guidelines for data link operations.
• If adopted by the CAA, equivalent standards to AC
NOTE: PIs must coordinate all acceptable criteria other than that specified above with AFS‑52, who will coordinate with the AFS-400 SME, as appropriate. For a
list of applicable ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARP), refer to AC
13) Data Link Address. An appropriate data link must be installed and operated on suitable frequencies specified by ATC during flight in U.S. airspace if
procedures are predicated on its use. A unique and specific address, the ICAO 24-bit aircraft identification, must be assigned to the airplane and the data link must recognize
this address. When properly set, the unique address may not be altered, set to a duplicated address, or set to an address that potentially interferes with ATC or data link safety functions.
14) Data Link Coordination. A data link capable of coordinating with air traffic facilities using RTCA DO‑219, Minimum Operational Performance Standards
(MOPS) for ATC Two-Way Data Link Communications, or other equivalent standards must be installed if operations will be predicated on its use. The data link system should be operated in
an appropriate data link mode during flight in U.S. airspace using data link, except as provided for by the MEL provisions acceptable to the State of the Operator.
15) Data Link Training Program. All foreign air carrier flightcrews must have successfully completed their State of the Operator’s CAA-approved training
program for data link communication prior to conducting data link communication in U.S. airspace.
16) Foreign Air Carrier Actions. A foreign air carrier applying to the FAA to conduct data link communications within U.S. airspace must provide the responsible
IFO with evidence that the State of the Operator has approved the foreign air carrier for this operation. The approval must include:
• Documentation (e.g., foreign-issued OpSpecs, official letter) from the State
of the Operator’s CAA stating that the foreign air carrier is approved for data link communication in accordance with XXXX (e.g., ICAO GOLD) criteria, that the aircraft and
aircraft equipment are eligible and approved for data link communication, and that the flightcrews are trained and the operator has procedures to conduct data link communication.
• Supporting documentation for A003 Table 1 data link system flight plan code (filled in
field 10a) that meets U.S. domestic airspace requirements for each aircraft M/M/S. Operators may find U.S. domestic airspace requirements as well as the corresponding flight plan codes in
AC 90-117. PIs
may accept equipment eligibility that has been determined eligible and approved by a foreign air carrier’s CAA when it is also documented by the AFM or other FAA‑recognized means. If
the documentation includes (marketing) terminology that is not covered by AC
de-identified in GOLD and listed as available for that M/M/S, then the operator will need to obtain a letter from the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM). The OEM will need to de identify
the (data link communication marketing) terminology in internationally accepted terms which can be found in the current edition of ICAO Doc 4444, Procedures for Air Navigation
ServicesAir Traffic Management.
• Any other pertinent information.
NOTE: For airlines that wish to configure and receive FANS CPDLC dispatch messages, refer to the Subscriber Database Website User’s Guide at:
17) Foreign Air Carrier Authorization. The PI must select all of the applicable data link flight plan codes and the Data Comm boilerplate
limitation after the principal operations inspector (POI) and principal avionics inspector (PAI) agree that the foreign air carrier:
a) Has been authorized to conduct data link communications by the State of the Operator’s CAA;
b) Is eligible for data link communications operations in the U.S. NAS; and
c) Understands the Data Comm boiler plate OpSpec A003 limitations (i.e., the difference in the U.S. domestic airspace requirements between
CPDLC-DCL and en route data communications services).
NOTE: If the data link flight plan code applicable to U.S. domestic airspace requirements is not in Table 1 of OpSpec A003, then a request for the
addition must be made to AFS-52 who, with AFS‑400 SME concurrence, will coordinate the addition with the Air Transportation Division (AFS‑200).
18) Data Link System Flight Plan Codes and U.S. Domestic Airspace.
a) Air traffic issues a departure clearance in U.S. domestic airspace via CPDLC based on the operator filing one or both of the following
equipment codes in field 10a of the ICAO flight plan:
• J3 and J4.
b) J3 stands for CPDLC FANS 1/A. J4 stands for CPDLC FANS 1/A very high frequency (VHF) data link (VDL) Mode 2. In ICAO Doc 10037, Global Operational
Data Link (GOLD) Manual, PIs and operators will find FANS and Aeronautical Telecommunications Network (ATN) product availability by aircraft M/M/S. For example:
1. For Airbus A350, product availability is FANS A +B as FANS 1/A- ATN B1. FANS A +B is marketing terminology used by Airbus.
FANS 1/A- ATN B1 is the internationally acceptable terminology used for air traffic management (refer to ICAO Doc 4444, page A2-6).
2. For Boeing 747-8, product availability is FANS 2 as FANS 1+ and ATN B1. FANS 2 is marketing terminology used by Boeing.
FANS 1+ and ATN B1 are the internationally acceptable terminology used for air traffic management (refer to ICAO Doc 4444, page A2-6).
c) Once en route data communication is available in U.S. domestic airspace, the same J codes as those for CPDLC-DCL will be suitable for U.S. data communication en route.
19) CPDLC and Push to Load Requirement. What “push to load” means is the ability of the flightcrew, when they get a clearance sent to their flight
management system (FMS), to press a button on their FMS/avionics system that with the press of that button will load the clearance into the FMS/avionics system. If the FMS/avionics
system does not have push-to-load capability, then the flightcrew would need to manually enter the clearance. Currently, there is no ICAO flight plan code to identify to air traffic
that the operator’s FMS has push‑to‑load capability (sometimes referred to as automation). The FAA has made push to load a requirement for the following CPDLC message sets into the FMS:
UM79, UM80, and UM83, as it eliminates typing errors and, as such, enhances safety. Operators whose FMS/avionics do not
have push to load should contact their FMS/avionics equipment OEM to see if push to load is available for their FMS/avionics equipment.
20) CPDLC Flight Plan Designators/Codes.
a) The filing of all of the applicable flight plan codes is the responsibility of the operator. Operators must enter all applicable Data Comm codes in field
10a of the ICAO flight plan for their entire route. Reason: those flight plan codes will determine the routing from point of departure to destination. For example: If an operator wanted
to fly from Boston’s Logan airport (U.S.) to Paris’ Charles De Gaulle airport (France) in a Boeing 747-8 (for which FANS 2 as FANS 1+ and ATN B1 was installed and the operator was approved
by the State of the Operator for data link) over the North Atlantic (NAT) track then in field 10a of the ICAO flight plan the operator would list:
1. J1 for the ATN B1. J1 would be a flight plan code used for data link communications in Europe.
2. J3 and/or J4 as appropriate for FANS 1+. J3 and J4 are the flight plan codes used for data link communications in U.S. domestic,
presently CPDLC-DCL and later U.S. domestic en route. For additional guidance on VDL Mode 0/A as it relates to U.S. domestic en route, refer to AC
NOTE: Although an aircraft may be able to send a CPDLC (text) message to air traffic while sitting on the ground at a U.S. domestic airport via satellite
communications (SATCOM), the U.S. air traffic controller will not be able to send a message back to the aircraft via SATCOM. Currently, SATCOM is only available
to air traffic centers who are tasked with separating traffic over the ocean.
3. The appropriate combination of J2 (CPDLC FANS 1/A HFDL), J5 (CPDLC FANS 1/A SATCOM (Inmarsat)), J6 (CPDLC FANS 1/A SATCOM (MSAT)), J7 (CPDLC FANS 1/A SATCOM
(Iridium)). J2, J5, J6, J7 would be the flight plan code(s) used for data link communications over the ocean between the United States and Europe when outside of range of VHF. When over water, in line of sight/ground radio
range CPDLC data can be transmitted via FANS 1/A VDL Mode A (J3) and FANS VDL Mode 2 (J4).
b) The U.S. Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) also makes reference to field 18 DAT in relation to CPDLC-DCL (refer to U.S. AIP,
paragraph 220.127.116.11, page ENR 1.5-74). For details, refer to
AC 90‑117, Appendix D, Flight Planning.
C. Adding or Deleting an Aircraft. Inspectors must instruct a foreign air carrier wishing to add or delete an aircraft to its part
to submit a letter or electronic transmittal to its assigned FAA office. The air carrier should address the letter or email to its PI, as listed in OpSpec A001, requesting the
aircraft addition or deletion. The PIs assigned to the foreign air carrier must obtain and review the following documents prior to adding an aircraft to the air carrier’s OpSpecs:
1) A copy of the State of the Operator-issued OpSpecs/air carrier certificate or other document, reflecting that the proposed aircraft is authorized
for the proposed type of operation by the State of the Operator.
2) If applicable, any aircraft lease (wet or dry) agreement or interchange arrangement. The lease agreement or interchange arrangement must
address who is responsible for aircraft maintenance, operational control, flightcrew and cabin crew responsibility, etc. If no lease agreement or interchange arrangement is
applicable, review the copies of documents showing ownership of the aircraft (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9).
3) Approvals of the State of the Operator and State of Registry relating to the aircraft maintenance programs. This paragraph and ICAO Annex
6 establish the requirement that the aircraft’s airworthiness certification be in accordance with a comprehensive and detailed code of airworthiness. There is no need to obtain a copy of the entire maintenance program,
just the approval page.Coordinate with AFS‑50 if either of the following applies:
• If the aircraft that the foreign air carrier wants to add to its
operations to the United States is registered in a country (which may not be the State of the Operator) that is IASA CAT II (or has not been assessed by the FAA); or
• The airworthiness certificate for the aircraft that the foreign
air carrier wants to add to its operations to the United States does not contain a statement that it is issued in accordance with ICAO Annex 8.
4) The following aircraft-specific documentation showing approval from the State of the Operator and State of Registry and/or compliance
by the foreign air carrier, as applicable:
a) The Certificate of Airworthiness and registration issued by the State of Registry or the State of the Operator in the case of an existing
Article 83 bis agreement (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9).
b) The Article 83 bis agreement (if the aircraft is subject to this agreement). Review the agreement and ensure agreement registration with ICAO.
c) Approval by the State of the Operator for the aircraft MEL, with the exceptions noted above in subparagraph A4). There is no need to obtain a copy of the entire MEL, just the approval page.
d) Noise stage compliance for each applicable aircraft.
e) Documentation that flight deck door security requirements have been met in accordance with
f) Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)/Airborne Collision Avoidance Systems (ACAS) installation approval, including compliance with the
required software version number for aircraft equipped with TCAS II.
g) Aircraft configuration information showing the State of Registry and/or State of the Operator‑approved aircraft configurations. PIs must select “All
Cargo,” “Passenger,” “Combi,” or “Pax and Cargo,” based on the main cabin.
h) Each of the air carrier’s required approvals from the State of the Operator’s CAA for specific operations, such as RVSM, North Atlantic High Level Airspace
(NAT HLA), CAT II, CAT III, instrument landing system (ILS)/precision runway monitor (PRM), Required Navigation Performance Authorization Required (RNP AR)
or restricted CAT II/III approaches, Low Visibility Take-Off (LVTO) minima, land‑and‑hold‑short operations (LAHSO), etc., to be authorized in the OpSpecs.
Confirm that the air carrier has authorizations for Extended Operations (ETOPS), if appropriate. Some authorizations will require additional OpSpecs to be issued.
For detailed guidance on Data Comm, see subparagraph B. If the PI already has documentation that the criteria used by the State of the Operator’s CAA for
a particular approval is acceptable to the FAA, then the criteria documentation does not need to be resubmitted unless:
• The State of the Operator’s CAA changed the criteria;
• The State of the Operator’s CAA uses different criteria for the
aircraft the operator requested to operate to the United States; or
• The responsible PI is not in possession of documentation referencing
the State of the Operator’s CAA criteria that was already determined to be acceptable to the FAA.
i) Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST) Form 6411, U.S. Foreign Air Carriers Certificate of Insurance Under 14 CFR Part 205. Refer to the
“Maintain Operator DataInsurance” area of WebOPSS for the foreign air carrier to verify that the air carrier’s insurance company has filed a properly completed OST
Form 6411 indicating that the additional aircraft have required insurance coverage.
1. If the foreign air carrier has an “Approved (Active)” policy with blanket coverage for all aircraft (i.e., the column
labeled “Blanket” in the Insurance interface will indicate “True”), then additional aircraft added to the foreign air carrier will be covered.
NOTE: Blanket coverage policy is indicated by the insurance company designating “Operations conducted with all aircraft operated by the insured”
in section 3 of OST Form 6411.
2. If the foreign air carrier does not have a blanket coverage policy, click on the policy number links listed in the
“Policy Number” column for policies with “Approved (Active)” status (as listed in the “Status” column). Each link will provide details of the aircraft covered by that
specific policy. Aircraft not identified as covered by an “Approved (Active)” policy must not be added to OpSpec A003.
3. If you have additional questions about insurance coverage, (e.g.,
no insurance information in WebOPSS for the operator), contact an insurance analyst in the Technical Programs Branch (AFS-260) by email at
4. Additional information, including a link to a copy of OST Form 6411, may be located at
j) A statement from the foreign air carrier that the aircraft meets the aircraft equipment requirements of ICAO Annex 6,
Part I for airplanes or Part III for helicopters, as appropriate (refer to
§ 129.5(b)). The following exceptions apply:
1. A foreign air carrier whose aircraft does not meet the aircraft equipment
requirements of ICAO Annex 6 must apply for and receive an exemption from the Administrator in accordance with 14 CFR
part 11 before
the aircraft can be added to the air carrier’s OpSpecs.
2. When the FAA allows all U.S. air carriers or a class of U.S. air carriers to meet different safety standards in U.S.
airspace, the FAA believes that ICAO Article 11 obligations permit the FAA to allow similarly situated carriers from ICAO Member States to operate in U.S. airspace under
standards that do not make distinctions among the operators based on nationality. Per the Office of the Chief Counsel (AGC), “…when FAA rules allow U.S. air carriers
to meet different standards, then the FAA can permit foreign air carriers to operate in the U.S. airspace either under the U.S. standards appropriate to
the class of air carrier or under ICAO Annex 6 standards.”
5) Aircraft-specific documentation for each U.S.-registered aircraft. Obtain and review the documentation to verify the following:
a) For U.S.-registered aircraft, approval of the aircraft maintenance program and MEL by the FAA is in accordance with part
NOTE: Documents that apply to multiple aircraft and have already been reviewed for another applicable aircraft already on the OpSpecs do not have
to be reviewed again for subsequent aircraft (e.g., if all of the airplane types to be added are covered by a fleet MEL and another aircraft of the same type
is added, the MEL does not need to be reviewed again). The option to review will rest with the responsible IFO. An instance when it would be advisable to
review the records would be if the previously reviewed records are no longer available.
b) The air carrier has complied with supplemental inspection requirements for U.S.-registered aircraft in accordance with part
129, as applicable.
c) Digital flight data recorder (DFDR) installation is in accordance with part
d) The air carrier has complied with special maintenance program requirements in accordance with part
129, as applicable.
D. Environmental Assessments (EA). The lower the noise stage of an aircraft, the louder/higher the aircraft noise will be (e.g., noise stage
III aircraft is louder than noise stage IV aircraft). If the operator is proposing to add new aircraft that is noisier than the aircraft already listed on the OpSpec, then:
• See Volume 11 for guidance on EAs; and
• For a checklist of the information needed by the General Aviation
Operations Branch (AFS-830) for an environmental review, refer to the document in WebOPSS for OpSpec A003 by clicking the “Guidance” button and locating the
document in the pop-up window titled, “OpSpecs Environmental Reviews.”
E. Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B). On January 1, 2020, all aircraft operating in U.S. airspace must comply with §§
regard to ADS-B Out equipment. The airspace where ADS-B Out will be required includes (in general) all airspace above 10,000 feet mean sea
level (MSL) and all Class B and C airspace. In August 2015, the FAA issued Exemption 12555 at the request of Airlines for America (A4A). The exemption acknowledges
that many transport category aircraft currently utilize Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation equipment that does not meet the accuracy requirements detailed in
In addition, this equipment may not be commercially available before the requirement takes effect. This exemption is available to all operators and
will permit ADS-B equipped aircraft to operate in U.S. airspace using navigation equipment which does not meet the accuracy requirements detailed in §
Additional information concerning the exemption is available in
Volume 3, Chapter 2, Section 3,
and Information for Operators (InFO) 16003, Exemption 12555 Process. For additional information concerning the FAA’s plans for ADS-B Out implementation, refer to
F. Limitations. The PI must select only the applicable limitations to the foreign air carrier’s operations.
OPSPEC A004SUMMARY OF SPECIAL AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS (Required for All Air Carriers).
A. Purpose. This OpSpec summarizes optional authorizations applicable to the foreign air carrier that have been issued by OpSpecs. This OpSpec also
summarizes limitations and restrictions that apply to the foreign air carrier’s operations within the United States. Although this OpSpec is completed automatically by the automated
Operations Safety System (OPSS) when related OpSpec paragraphs are moved into the workspace, PIs can use this OpSpec as a checklist in selecting other optional OpSpecs for issuance in the OPSS.
B. Procedure. Optional OpSpecs can be selected in the workspace by checking the blocks for the associated authorizations, limitations, or restrictions.
These optional OpSpecs will then be generated in the workspace.
OPSPEC A005EXEMPTIONS AND DEVIATIONS (Optional).
A. General. Both exemptions and deviations may be authorized for a foreign air carrier. In order for a foreign air carrier to conduct operations under the provisions
of any exemption or deviation, OpSpec A005 must be issued and list the exemption or deviation. Volume 3, Chapter 2 contains the process for application and approval of exemptions or deviations.
B. Exemptions. In the left navigation area, under “CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Exemptions,” enter the current
exemption number and expiration date. List the exemption numbers in numerical order. In the space labeled “Remark” (referencing each exemption), enter a brief description of the
exemption or, if appropriate, the exempted regulations. If another OpSpec specifies certain conditions or limitations related to the exemption, enter the reference number of the other OpSpec
in this space. Coordinate all exemptions with AFS‑50 prior to authorization in the foreign air carrier’s OpSpecs.
C. Deviations. All deviations must be first selected in the OPSS in the left navigation area, under “CHDO,” “Maintain Operator
Data,” “Deviations.” Enter the applicable 14 CFR sections to which a deviation has been granted in paragraph “b” of OpSpec A005. List the deviations in
numerical order by 14 CFR section. In the space labeled “Remarks and/or References” (adjacent to each deviation), briefly describe the provisions of the deviation or indicate
a reference number for the standard OpSpecs paragraph that authorizes the deviation. Coordinate all deviations with AFS-50 prior to authorization in the foreign air carrier’s OpSpecs.
OPSPEC A006FOREIGN AIR CARRIER’S PERSONNEL, DESIGNATED AGENT, AND OTHER PERSONS (Required for All Air Carriers).
A. General. This OpSpec identifies the following individuals: the foreign air carrier’s management personnel, personnel designated to officially apply
for and receive OpSpecs, the agent for service, and the responsible government official.
B. Instructions for the Information Fields. The following provides direction for the information fields, which must be added to this paragraph.
1) Management Personnel.
a) Air carrier management information must be first entered into the Web-based Operations Safety System (WebOPSS) in the left navigation area under
“CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Personnel.” If designated by the operator, the names of the Director of Maintenance (DOM), Director of Operations
(DO), Director of Quality Assurance, Director of Safety (DOS), and chief pilot should be entered. If foreign equivalent titles that fulfill similar responsibilities are used, select (in
the “FAA Recognized Position Title”) the title default of “(Not Applicable)” and enter the equivalent title in the “Equivalent Position Title.” The
box for “Management Personnel (A006)” should also be checked. Once that is accomplished, moving the template from “available” to “workspace” will cause
the information to be loaded automatically into the table in subparagraph a of the OpSpec. The telephone, fax, and email will need to be loaded manually into A006 (once template A006 is
b) A foreign air carrier’s management personnel may have titles significantly different from titles of management positions used in 14 CFR parts
135. In addition, under 14 CFR part
is no regulatory requirement for foreign air carrier management personnel, nor is it within the FAA’s authority to approve foreign air carrier management personnel.
c) The intent of OpSpec A006 is to clearly identify the air carrier’s key management personnel who are fulfilling management positions in accordance with the
air carrier’s own requirements as well as any that are imposed by the State of Operator Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
2) Operations Representative. OpSpec A006 subparagraph b should include the foreign air carrier’s primary representative for all contacts regarding
the foreign air carrier’s OpSpecs and foreign air transportation operations within the United States. The name, address, title, telephone number, fax, and email of the operations
representative will need to be typed in manually. Some foreign air carriers will have a management representative in the United States (for example, a manager of U.S. operations). If the air
carrier does not have a management representative within the United States, enter information for the operations representative located outside the United States.
3) Agent for Service.
a) An agent for service is a person or company designated by the foreign air carrier upon whom all legal notices, processes and orders, decisions, and requirements
of the Department of Transportation (DOT), the FAA, and the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) shall be served. Once any of these documents has been served upon the foreign air
carrier’s agent for service, the foreign air carrier cannot claim (legally) that it did not receive the documents. Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.) § 46103(a)
requires foreign air carriers to designate an agent for service.
b) Subparagraph c of the OpSpec should include the name, address, title, telephone number, fax, and email of the air carrier’s agent for service. Agent for
service information must be first entered into WebOPSS in the left navigation area under “CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Personnel.” The box for
“Agent for Service” should be checked. If the agent for service is also designated by the air carrier as authorized to apply for and receive OpSpecs, then the “Other
Designated Persons (A007)” box also needs to be checked (see subparagraph B4) for more details). Once that is accomplished, moving the template from “available”
to “workspace” will cause the “Name,” “Address,” and “Title” information to be loaded into the OpSpec automatically. The remaining contact
information will need to be manually entered into OpSpec A006.
4) Personnel Designated to Apply for and Receive OpSpecs. Subparagraph d of the OpSpec should include the name, title, and parts authorized of persons
designated by the air carrier as authorized to apply for and receive OpSpecs. Persons signing the OpSpecs must be first entered into WebOPSS in the left navigation area under
“CHDO,” “Maintain Operator Data,” “Personnel.” The “Other Designated Persons (A007)” box for personnel type should be checked. Also, check the
boxes for the OpSpecs parts for which the designated person is responsible. Once that is accomplished, moving the template from “available” to “workspace”
will cause the information to be loaded into the OpSpec automatically.
5) Responsible State Government Official. Subparagraph e of the OpSpec should include the name, address, title, telephone number, fax, and email of the
foreign CAA official responsible for issuing the air operator certificate (AOC) and for ensuring continuing oversight of the foreign air carrier. The name, address, title, telephone number,
fax, and email of the responsible State Government official will need to be typed in manually into subparagraph e of the OpSpec.
C. Safety Alerts for Operators (SAFO) and Information for Operators (InFO). Operators may go to the FAA website
subscribe to SAFOs and InFOs. Once on the website, operators must provide their email address to subscribe. Operators have the primary responsibility for obtaining SAFOs and InFOs.
Principal inspectors (PI) should not take on this primary role. PIs are encouraged to advise their foreign air carriers and foreign persons of SAFO and InFO subscription availability.
OPSPEC A007. DECOMMISSIONED.
OPSPEC A008OPERATIONAL CONTROL, AERONAUTICAL WEATHER, AND AIRPORT AERONAUTICAL DATA (Required to be Issued Only for Part
Carriers from IASA Category 2 Countries).
A. General. Operational control, aeronautical weather, and airport data is a requirement for all operators under International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO) Annex 6. When the FAA determines, under the international aviation safety assessment program (IASA), that the State of Operator does not oversee civil aviation safety in accordance
with minimum international standards, then the FAA puts additional OpSpec requirements on foreign air carriers issued an air operator certificate (AOC) by these countries. The FAA does not
require that operational control, aeronautical weather, and airport data be captured for foreign air carriers assessed under the IASA as being from a Category 1 country because the FAA has
determined that the State of Operator oversees civil aviation safety in accordance with minimum international standards.
B. Purpose. The purpose is to ensure that each 14 CFR part
air carrier, under the oversight of an IASA Category 2 country, is operating within the United States in accordance with the ICAO Annex 6 standards for operational control, aeronautical
weather and airport data, and that those requirements are:
1) Contained in the manual required by ICAO Annex 6 (Part I, paragraph 4.2.3 for airplanes, and Part III, paragraph 2.2.3 for helicopters) that has been
accepted or approved by the foreign air carrier’s State Civil Aviation Authority (CAA); and
2) Described or referenced in the OpSpec, preferably by the manual or sections of an air carrier’s manual. When an air carrier’s manual does not
adequately describe the system or procedures used, a narrative description combined with references will be provided by the operator and entered in the OpSpec. The narrative description
should be brief. It should provide sufficient information so that the FAA and the air carrier have the same understanding about the system or procedures used by the air carrier. The foreign
air carrier shall inform their assigned FAA principal inspectors (PI) as listed in A001 of any changes when they occur.
C. Operational Control. Operational control may be provided by a dispatch organization or method of flight supervision. Operational control is defined by
ICAO as “the exercise of authority over the initiation, continuation, diversion, or termination of a flight in the interest of the safety of the aircraft and the regularity and
efficiency of the flight.” The description of the systems or procedures for controlling flight movement as described in the air carrier’s manual and referenced or described in
the OpSpecs should include the following types of information, as appropriate to the kind of operation:
• Methods and procedures for initiating, diverting, and terminating flights.
• Persons or duty positions authorized to, and responsible for, exercise of operational control.
• Facilities and location of facilities used by the air carrier in the exercise of operational control.
• Communication systems and procedures used by the air carrier.
• Special coordination methods and/or procedures used by the air carrier to assure the aircraft is Airworthy.
• Emergency notification procedures.
NOTE: A method of control and supervision of flight operations is covered in ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 18.104.22.168 for airplanes, and Part III, paragraph 22.214.171.124 for helicopters.
D. Aeronautical Weather Data. The operator needs to have a system of obtaining and disseminating weather data (ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.3.5 for
airplanes, and Part III, paragraph 2.3.5 for helicopters) so that prior to takeoff the operator has a means of determining that:
1) A flight that is to be conducted under visual flight rules (VFR) can remain under VFR; and
2) A flight that is to be conducted under instrument flight rules (IFR) has the weather minimums necessary to make a landing at the destination airport or,
if required, the alternate airport. At least one destination alternate (if required), at the estimated time of arrival (ETA), must have the weather at or above the airport operating minimums.
E. Airport Aeronautical Data. The data required in accordance with ICAO Annex 6 is at least the following types of airport aeronautical data:
1) Current Aeronautical Guides and Charts. Information relating to communication facilities, Navigational Aids (NAVAID), aerodromes, and other such
information may be found in ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 6.2.3, and ICAO Annex 6, Appendices 2 and 6.
2) Minimum Flight Altitudes. The method for determining minimum flight altitudes for each route to be flown (ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.2.7).
3) Aerodome Operating Minima. Aerodrome operating minima shall be applicable to the type of operation as specified in ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.2.8.
Consideration shall be given in establishing such minima for the following:
a) Airplane type, performance, and handling characteristics;
b) Flightcrew composition and experience;
c) Runways to be used;
d) Adequacy and performance of the available visual and non-visual ground aids;
e) Airplane navigation equipment to the type of operation; and
f) Obstacle clearance altitudes for landing, missed approach, and climb.
OPSPEC A009A013. RESERVED.
OPSPEC A014. DECOMISSIONED.
OPSPEC A015A022. RESERVED.
OPSPEC A023. DECOMISSIONED.
OPSPEC A024AIR AMBULANCE OPERATIONS (Optional).
A. Purpose. The intent of OpSpec A024 is to promote the same understanding between the foreign air carrier and the FAA concerning the safe conduct of air
ambulance operations within U.S. airspace.
B. Manual Requirements. The foreign air carrier should have air ambulance procedures in their foreign air carrier’s State Civil Aviation Authority
(CAA)-approved/accepted manual. While International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 6 does not contain specific references to air ambulance operations, it does require that:
1) The operations manual required by ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.2 and Appendix 2 contain:
• Instructions outlining the responsibilities of operations personnel pertaining to the conduct
of flight operations, and
• Checklists of emergency and safety equipment and instructions for its use.
2) An operator shall ensure that all operations personnel are properly instructed in their particular duties and responsibilities and the relationship of
such duties to the operation as a whole, as required by ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.2.3.
C. Training. The foreign air carrier should ensure that all crewmembers have been trained in air ambulance procedures in accordance with a training program
approved by the foreign air carrier’s State CAA. While ICAO Annex 6 does not contain specific references to air ambulance training, ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraphs 9.3 and 12.4
require that an operator establish and maintain a ground and flight training program, approved by the State of Operator, which ensures that all flight and cabin crewmembers are adequately
trained to perform their assigned duties. In addition, ICAO Annex 6, Part I, paragraph 4.2 and Appendix 2 require that all operations personnel are properly instructed in their particular
duties and responsibilities and the relationship of such duties to the operation as a whole, and that instructions be contained in the operator’s manual.
D. Prerequisites. Prior to issuing OpSpec A024, the inspector should review the appropriate documentation to ensure that:
1) The air carrier has procedures in its manual for air ambulance operations that its CAA has approved/accepted. Absent any guidance or requirements from
the State of Operator, the air carrier may use the advisory information in the current editions of FAA Advisory Circular (AC)
Medical Service/Airplane (EMS/A), for airplanes, and/or AC
Medical Services/Helicopter (EMS/H), for helicopters. The foreign air carrier’s air ambulance procedures should be consistent with those of a U.S. air carrier authorized to conduct
similar air ambulance flights.
2) The carrier has air ambulance operations included in its approved crewmember training program. The minimum training should indicate that the pilot in
command (PIC) (and the second in command (SIC) if appropriate) is trained in the same areas as required of all pilots and supplemented by training in any additional aircraft equipment,
normal operating procedures, and emergency procedures specific to air ambulance operations. The inspector should also determine whether medical personnel participating in the flight
are considered passengers or crewmembers in order to determine the extent of training required. Also, refer to
AC 00-64, Air
Medical Resource Management, current edition.
3) The carrier is authorized by an appropriate government agency within the State of Operator (CAA or other agency). This may be in the form of a letter,
operating certificate, or other document. The inclusion of air ambulance procedures and training in required manuals may be sufficient to determine if the operator is authorized to conduct
air ambulance operations since those procedures and training will have been approved/accepted by the State of Operator.
4) The installation of the medical equipment (or air ambulance required equipment) on the aircraft (the aircraft modification) has been approved by the
State of Registry and the State of Operator.
E. System References. The system approved/accepted by the State of Operator for the foreign air carrier must be described or referenced in OpSpec A024.
Referencing pertinent sections of the air carrier’s manual or other documents that describe the system used by the air carrier should complete the paragraph. When a single manual or
document does not adequately describe a system, it may be appropriate to provide an additional narrative description of the system in additional text to complete OpSpec A024. When a
narrative description (or outline) is used, it should be brief but provide sufficient clarifying information, describing the complete system for air ambulance operations.
OPSPEC A025. RESERVED.
OPSPEC A026RESTRICTED OPERATION OF CERTAIN STAGE 2 AIRPLANES (Optional).
A. General. The intent of OpSpec A026 is to promote the same understanding between the foreign air carrier and the FAA concerning aircraft noise requirements
and ensure that a foreign air carrier who operates Stage 2 aircraft to the United States is in compliance with the Airport Noise and Capacity Act (ANCA) of 1990. The ANCA prohibits the
operation of civil subsonic turbojet Stage 2 airplanes over 75,000 pounds in the contiguous United States after December 31, 1999. On November 29, 1999, the President signed into law certain
changes to the ANCA that affect operators of Stage 2 airplanes. These changes distinguish airplanes by type of certification and operation. The prohibition on revenue operations of
Stage 2 airplanes after December 31, 1999, remains in effect.
B. Noise Requirements. The noise requirements were implemented in 14 CFR part
36 and 14 CFR
part 91, §§
91.877. In accordance with part
foreign air carrier shall operate any aircraft to or from any airport in the contiguous United States, unless it complies with Stage 3 noise levels. Subparagraph a of OpSpec A026 reiterates
this requirement. There are two exceptions to this requirement as follows:
1) Dual-Certificated Boeing 747 Airplanes. At the foreign air carrier’s discretion, in order to comply with the noise requirements §
operator of a Boeing 747 that is currently certificated for operation in either a Stage 2 or Stage 3 configuration (per the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM)) may choose to limit the operation of
that airplane to Stage 3 configuration only, to allow operation in the contiguous United States. These airplanes should be entered in subparagraph b of OpSpec A026, including make, model,
and series (M/M/S), registration number, and serial number.
2) Other Stage 2 Airplanes. The foreign air carrier may choose to restrict their operation to operations solely outside the 48 Contiguous United States. Section
that this restriction be included in the carrier’s OpSpecs. These airplanes should be entered in subparagraph c of OpSpec A026, including M/M/S, registration number, and serial number.
C. Additional Information. The law permits a range of nonrevenue Stage 2 operations. Any operator of a Stage 2 airplane over 75,000 pounds may operate in the
contiguous United States for the following purposes:
1) To sell, lease, or scrap the airplane.
2) To obtain modifications to meet Stage 3 requirements. Operators moving a Stage 2 airplane to a location for Stage 3 modification must provide a copy of
the modification contract to the FAA with the application for a Special Flight Authorization (SFA).
3) To obtain scheduled heavy maintenance or significant modifications. The FAA interprets “scheduled heavy maintenance” to mean a “C” or
“D” check; “significant modifications” are those requiring special knowledge or equipment not readily available elsewhere or not practicable outside the United States.
4) To deliver the airplane to a lessee or return it to a lessor.
5) To park or store the airplane.
6) To prepare the airplane for any of these events.
D. SFAs. The operator of a Stage 2 airplane that wishes to operate in the contiguous United States for any of the purposes listed above may apply to the
FAA’s Office of Environment and Energy (AEE) for a special authorization. The applications are due 30 days in advance of the planned flight and must provide the information necessary
for the FAA to determine that the planned flight is within the limits prescribed in the law.
OPSPEC A027LAND AND HOLD SHORT OPERATIONS (Optional).
A. General. This paragraph authorizes land-and-hold-short operations (LAHSO) for foreign air carriers operating under 14 CFR part
requirements for operational policies, procedures, and training for LAHSO have been met. No air carrier may participate in LAHSO unless it has accomplished flightcrew training. The
information contained in this subparagraph is critical to the safety of LAHSO and will be used in conjunction with FAA Air Traffic Order
and Hold Short Operations, current edition.
B. Background. In 1997, the FAA expanded and replaced simultaneous operations on intersecting runways (SOIR) with LAHSO. SOIR, used since 1968, exclusively
described simultaneous operations on two intersecting runways; either two aircraft landing simultaneously or one aircraft landing while another is taking off. LAHSO includes landing
operations to hold short of an intersecting runway, taxiway, predetermined point, or an approach/departure flightpath. LAHSO, just as SOIR, is an air traffic control (ATC) tool used to
increase airport capacity and maintain system efficiency and safety. In April 1999, the FAA, in coordination with industry, outlined changes in policy and procedures for conducting LAHSO.
LAHSO procedures require both pilot and controller participation to balance the need for system efficiency and safety. These operations include landing and holding short of an intersecting
runway, an intersecting taxiway, or some other predetermined point on the runway other than on a runway or taxiway.
C. Requirements. Foreign air carriers may not participate in LAHSO and the FAA will not issue OpSpec A027 unless the following conditions are met:
1) The appropriate Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) having oversight responsibility for the foreign air carrier has authorized the air carrier to conduct LAHSO.
2) The appropriate CAA certifies as to the completion of training and qualification of the flightcrew members to conduct LAHSO. The training and
qualification of flightcrew members must be equivalent to that specified in OpSpec A027.
3) The appropriate Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has certified the landing and stopping capabilities and airworthiness requirements of the airplanes that
will conduct LAHSO. The airworthiness requirements and the landing and stopping capabilities of any airplane being operated in LAHSO by a foreign air carrier must be equivalent to that
specified in FAA Air Traffic Order
4) The part
must be identified in the local Air Traffic Directives before they can participate in LAHSO.
5) The POI has received the necessary written documentation from the appropriate CAA certifying the successful accomplishment and completion of LAHSO
policies, procedures, and operational requirements specified in this order and FAA Air Traffic Order
6) Foreign air carriers, in order to participate in LAHSO, must ensure that English-speaking flightcrews are at the controls of the aircraft when the LAHSO
clearance is accepted.
D. Procedures. OpSpec A027, subparagraph c, must reference/describe the foreign air carrier’s LAHSO procedures approved/accepted by the State of
Operator. These procedures may be contained in any flightcrew member manual or document readily available to flightcrew members for reference. When possible, the OpSpec should be completed
by referencing pertinent sections of the carrier’s manual or other documents that describe the procedures used by the carrier. When an air carrier’s manual does not adequately
describe the procedures used, a narrative description combined with references may be necessary. When a narrative description is used, it should be brief but provide sufficient information
so that the FAA and the carrier have the same understanding about the LAHSO procedures used by the carrier.
OPSPEC A028AIRCRAFT WET LEASE AGREEMENTS (OPTIONAL).
A. Purpose. OpSpec A028 is required to be issued to any foreign air carrier conducting operations to the United States under any aircraft wet
lease agreements approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). OpSpec A028 is issued with the intent to promote the same understanding between two or more foreign air
carriers and the FAA concerning their aircraft wet lease agreements. This paragraph provides general direction and guidance for processing and authorizing wet lease agreements in OpSpecs.
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9 contains complete information on wet lease
agreements for foreign air carriers and should be reviewed prior to issuing OpSpec A028.
1) In the case of a wet lease between a U.S. air carrier and a foreign air carrier, the U.S. air carrier must have operational control. Information
regarding DOT economic authority requirements and wet leases may be found at the following DOT website:
Some wet leases may be referred to as Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance, and Insurance (ACMI), which is a leasing arrangement whereby one airline (lessor) provides
an aircraft, complete crew, maintenance, and insurance to another airline (lessee), which pays by hours operated. The lessee provides fuel and covers airport fees
and any other duties, taxes, etc. These leases normally only take place between two International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Member States. The lessor
may operate them using the flight numbers of the lessee.
2) When a wet lease agreement is authorized, OpSpec A028 is issued to both the lessor and the lessee, except as otherwise allowed by this paragraph.
Only those air carriers with FAA-issued OpSpecs receive OpSpec A028.
3) If the foreign air carrier has more than one lease agreement, OpSpec A028 must authorize all such agreements.
4) Each aircraft shall also be entered in OpSpec A003 of the lessor’s OpSpecs.
5) A determination must be made as to which air carrier has operational control. In the case of a U.S. air carrier, the U.S. air carrier must have operational control.
6) A U.S. air carrier may not wet lease from a foreign air carrier (see
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9).
B. Requirements and Definitions.
1) For the purposes of these OpSpecs, a wet lease is any leasing agreement, other than a code‑sharing arrangement, whereby a lessor, such
as an air carrier, provides an aircraft and at least one crewmember to another air carrier (the lessee) where one air carrier retains operational control. A wet lease requires
that authorized officers of the two parties execute a written agreement between the lessor and the lessee. A copy of the lease agreement must be provided to the
responsible International Field Office (IFO) along with the Statement of Authorization approved by the DOT. The wet lease must be reviewed by the U.S. air carrier’s
certificate-holding district office (CHDO) legal counsel when that air carrier is the lessor. A valid wet lease agreement must be in force for the DOT approval
period as shown in the DOT Statement of Authorization. Further, the only wet lease agreements that should be listed in this paragraph are those wet lease
agreement(s) that are documented and authorized by the DOT. The DOT-documented authorizations are in the form of an approved Statement of Authorization.
NOTE: The FAA requires operators conducting wet leasing operations to hold OpSpecs for the same kind of operation as that being conducted
in order to ensure that the operator is qualified to conduct that kind of operation.
2) Before issuing OpSpec A028, principal inspectors (PI) will need to review the terms and conditions of the appropriate wet lease
agreement. The wet lease agreement shall specify that the lessor has operational control and airworthiness responsibility (approved maintenance program and minimum
equipment list (MEL)) and any associated procedures to be used during the wet lease operation. A valid wet lease agreement must be in force for the DOT approval period
as shown in the DOT Statement of Authorization. OpSpec A028 shall be revised by removing authorization for any wet lease agreement at the expiration of the
DOT approval period in the Statement of Authorization or at the expiration of the wet lease agreement (if not renewed and provided to the IFO), whichever
occurs first. If renewal of the DOT authority has been requested prior to the expiration of the existing DOT authority, the wet lease can continue. Enter
the phrase “DOT renewal applied for” in the box for the DOT order expiration date. Verification of DOT approval must be received.
NOTE: Any additional text added to the OpSpec makes the whole OpSpec nonstandard. Any additional text added to this OpSpec must be coordinated
with the International Program Division (AFS‑50) division manager.
C. Paragraph Completion. Under a wet lease agreement, the lessor always maintains operational and airworthiness responsibility of the aircraft.
If it is any other way, then it is not a wet lease. The purpose of the paragraph is to identify the airline with operational control and for whom the lessor
is conducting flights. For example, Operator A, a 14 CFR part
121 air carrier,
leased aircraft under the wet lease to Operator B, a 14 CFR
part 129 air carrier.
Operator A painted their aircraft to look exactly like an Operator B airplane, flew their routes, used their call sign, etc. From the FAA’s perspective, this was an Operator A
flight, so all of the rules that the flight operated under had to have been under part
121. This would also apply to a part
121 air carrier wet leasing to another part
121 air carrier.
See the following for additional wet lease and paragraph completion information:
1) For a short-term wet lease (fewer than 60 calendar-days or a series of wet leases fewer than 60 calendar-days) between a U.S. air carrier
and a foreign air carrier, with the U.S. air carrier operating flights from a foreign country to the United States, no Statement of Authorization for the wet lease is normally
approved by the DOT. In this case, the wet lease is not documented in OpSpec A028 for either air carrier, even though the foreign air carrier may hold OpSpecs to serve the United States.
2) For a short-term wet lease (fewer than 60 calendar-days or a series of wet leases fewer than 60 calendar-days) between two foreign air
carriers from the same country, a Statement of Authorization may or may not be issued by the DOT, dependent on the current bilateral air transport agreement.
If the DOT does not approve a Statement of Authorization, then the wet lease will not be documented in OpSpec A028.
3) For additional details on how to document any long-term wet lease operation, see subparagraph A.
OPSPEC A029AIRCRAFT INTERCHANGE ARRANGEMENTS (Optional). The intent of OpSpec A029 is to promote the same
understanding between two or more air carriers and the FAA concerning their aircraft interchange arrangements. This paragraph provides general direction
and guidance for processing and authorizing aircraft interchange arrangements in OpSpecs. Complete information on aircraft interchange arrangements to include
definitions for foreign air carriers is contained in
Volume 12, Chapter 2, Section 9 and
Volume 3, Chapter 13, Section 5. (Additional definitions may be found in
Volume 3, Chapter 13, Section 2.)
A. Discussion. An interchange arrangement is a form of a dry lease. An interchange arrangement permits one operator to connect two points
using the same aircraft but each operator’s crewmembers, thereby providing greater operational flexibility and utilization of transport category aircraft by the operators. When an
aircraft interchange is authorized, OpSpec A029 is issued to the primary operator (as determined by the FAA) and the interchange operator (only to the interchange and primary
operator that operates to the United States). For the purpose of this paragraph, the primary operator is the air carrier that would normally operate the aircraft if an interchange
arrangement were not in effect. The primary operator always retains responsibility for the maintenance control of an aircraft that is the subject of an interchange arrangement. The interchange
operator is the other party to an interchange arrangement. The interchange points are those airports where an aircraft may be transferred between the primary operator and the interchange operator.
The transfer involves the replacement of the flightcrew of one operator with the flightcrew of the other operator.
B. Amending OpSpecs. The following scenarios will arise when amending the OpSpecs to document interchange arrangements involving foreign air carriers
and operations to the United States:
1) If the primary operator under an interchange arrangement provides service to the United States, then the aircraft subject to the interchange will be
identified in paragraph A029 of the primary operator’s OpSpecs and included in the list of the primary operator’s aircraft in paragraph A003 of its OpSpecs.
2) If the primary operator under an interchange arrangement does not provide service to the United States, then the interchange points must be located
outside the United States. The FAA would not issue OpSpec A029 to the primary operator.
3) If the interchange operator provides service to the United States, then the aircraft subject to the interchange will be identified in paragraph A029 of
the interchange operator’s OpSpecs. If the interchange operator does not serve the United States, then the FAA would not issue OpSpec A029 to the interchange operator. The interchange
points must be located outside the United States in that case.
4) When U.S.‑registered aircraft are included under an interchange arrangement between two foreign air carriers, those aircraft must also be
listed in paragraph D085 of the primary operator’s OpSpecs.
C. Review Terms of the Interchange Arrangement. Before issuing OpSpec A029, principal inspectors (PI) must review the terms and conditions of the
appropriate interchange arrangement. The interchange arrangement must specify the associated procedures to be used during the interchange operation. The agreement should ensure the following:
1) When the primary operator’s flightcrew is operating the aircraft, the primary operator will be responsible for and maintain operational control of
the aircraft. When the aircraft is under the operational control of the primary operator, the flightcrews and dispatch personnel of the primary operator will conduct the operation.
2) The interchange operator, when its flightcrews are operating the aircraft, is responsible for maintaining operational control of the aircraft. When the
aircraft is under the operational control of the interchange operator, the flightcrews and dispatch personnel of the interchange operator will conduct the operation.
3) The primary operator is responsible for the maintenance control of the aircraft at all times and must ensure that all maintenance authorizations/special
authorizations are in compliance.
D. Instructions for Information Fields for OpSpec A029. The following provides direction for the information fields, which must be added to OpSpec A029 in
the columns provided:
• Parties to the interchange arrangementthe name to include Doing Business As (DBA)
if applicable of the primary and interchange operator;
• Aircraft make, model, and series (M/M/S);
• Manufacturer’s aircraft serial number;
• Aircraft registration markings from the State of Registry; and
• The interchange points (airport name and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
identifier) where operational control between air carriers will change.
NOTE: If the primary operator is a foreign air carrier that does not serve the United States then the interchange points must be located outside the United States.
If the FAA downgrades the State of Operator of a foreign air carrier that is a party to an existing interchange arrangement from International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) Category 1 to
IASA Category 2, then all interchange points must be frozen at those locations. PIs must also ensure that if the interchange operator from an interchange point outside the U.S. makes any
stopovers while en route to the U.S. that that route be identified because in the event of a downgrade that route would likewise be frozen.
OPSPEC A030A035. RESERVED.
OPSPECS A036 and A040. DECOMMISSIONED.
OPSPEC A041A046. RESERVED.
OPSPEC A447EMERGENCY AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE NOTIFICATION FOR U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT (Required for All Carriers Operating U.S.-Registered Transport Category Aircraft).
A. Applicability. OpSpec A447 establishes emergency Airworthiness Directive (AD) notification and receipt requirements. The FAA will issue A447 to 14 CFR part
air carriers and foreign operators operating U.S.‑registered transport category aircraft. For additional guidance on processing 400-series templates, see
Volume 3, Chapter 18, Section 2.
B. When an AD is Issued. The owner or operator of an aircraft is responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an Airworthy condition, as required by 14 CFR part
are substantive regulations issued by the FAA in accordance with 14 CFR part
an unsafe condition has been found to exist in particular aircraft, engines, propellers, or appliances installed on aircraft. ADs are also issued when that unsafe condition is likely to exist
or develop in other aircraft, engines, propellers, or appliances of the same type design. Once an AD is issued, no person may operate a product to which the AD applies, except in accordance
with the requirements of that AD. The principal operations inspector (POI), along with the principal avionics inspector (PAI) and the principal maintenance inspector (PMI), are responsible
to see that an owner/operator complies with an AD, as applicable for the operations of any particular aircraft. More information may be found at
C. Emergency ADs Require Immediate Action. The FAA Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) distributes emergency ADs that affect transport
category aircraft by email. As such, all part
air carriers and foreign operators operating U.S.-registered transport category aircraft are required to provide a designated person or organization, 24-hour telephone number, and 24-hour
monitored email address for emergency AD notification. The FAA no longer uses Société International de Télécommunications Aéronautiques (SITA), ARINC, or Telex codes for electronic notification.
D. Confirmation of Emergency AD Receipt. Part
air carriers and foreign operators operating U.S.-registered aircraft will confirm receipt of an emergency AD by replying to the emergency AD email message. This ensures the FAA that all
operators affected by an emergency AD have been notified in time to comply with its requirements and avoid any undue safety risks. In the absence of a timely response by the operator to the
email notification, the FAA will attempt to contact the operator by telephone.
E. Action. Principal inspectors should:
1) Review the completeness and accuracy of the Web-based Operations Safety System (WebOPSS) Maintain Operator Data > Airworthiness Directive
Notification information for each assigned part
air carrier and foreign operator operating U.S.-registered transport category aircraft. Select the row of the “Responsible Party” and click the “Edit” button to
review/edit the AD notification form. This information will be used to populate OpSpec A447. A foreign air carrier/operator may assign several people and/or organizations to receive ADs;
however, only one may be assigned as the responsible party. Check the “International” box. Populate and/or validate the required AD notification fields, including the
“Responsible Party’s E-mail Address.” Emergency ADs will be sent to the responsible party’s email address.
2) Populate OpSpec A447 and issue it to each assigned part
air carrier or foreign operator operating U.S.-registered transport category aircraft. The certificate holder is not required to sign A447.
F. Historical ADs. ADs from the 1940s to the present are now available in electronic format for full‑text searching in the FAA
Regulatory and Guidance Library (RGL) at
http://rgl.faa.gov or on the FAA’s website at
link is provided to subscribe (or modify a subscription) to receive, via email, ADs and Special Airworthiness Information Bulletins (SAIB). PIs may direct questions to AIR via
phone at 405-954-4103, or email at
OPSPEC A570. DECOMISSIONED.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 12-126 through 12-176.