Volume 12 INTERNATIONAL AVIATION
CHAPTER 10 International field office PROCEDURES FOR CONDUCTING
SAMPLING INSPECTIONS, FAA INDEPENDENT INSPECTIONS, AND PARTICIPATING IN
An EU AVIATION AUTHORITYíS INTERNAL QUALITY AUDIT UNDER the U.S./EU aviation
Section 1 Background
12-571 PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODES.
A. Maintenance: 3272, 3655.
B. Avionics: 5272, 5655.
12-572 OBJECTIVE. Chapter 10 describes the requirements and procedures
for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to participate as an observer
in aviation authority (AA) internal quality audits, which are conducted
by European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Sampling Inspection System (SIS)
teams. This chapter also describes the procedures to conduct sampling inspections
to verify that the AA is following the Maintenance Annex Guidance (MAG),
Sections A and C. The U.S./European Union (EU) aviation safety agreement
(the Agreement) and its maintenance annex (Annex 2) contain the requirement
to follow the MAG. The FAA conducts a sampling inspection (with emphasis
on the MAG special conditions) through a targeted review of AA files required
by Annex 2 and the Approved Maintenance Organizationís (AMO) systems. The
combination of participation in AA internal audits (via EASA SIS team visits)
and conducting FAA sampling inspections is part of the checks and balances
built into Annex 2.
A. U.S./EU Aviation Safety Agreement.
1) The Agreement, signed on June 30, 2008, is between the
United States and the EU to cooperate in the regulation of civil aviation
safety. The Agreementís official title is ďAgreement Between the United
States of America and the European Community on Cooperation in the Regulation
of Civil Aviation Safety.Ē The Agreement contains two annexes. Annex 1 pertains
to airworthiness and environmental certification while Annex 2 pertains
to maintenance. This section focuses on Annex 2.
2) The Agreement allows the FAA and EASA to rely on each
otherís surveillance systems, minimize the duplication of efforts, increase
efficiency, and conserve resources to the greatest extent possible. The
Agreement calls for successful completion of regularly scheduled FAA inspections.
The FAA and EASA must be satisfied that repair stations located in the United
States and EU-based AMOs meet the conditions of Annex 2.
3) Annex 2 of the Agreement allows the FAA and EASA to accept
each otherís standards, systems, and approvals relating to repair stations
located in the United States and EU-based AMOs that maintain civil aviation
products. Annex 2 also explains how to establish points of communication
and cooperation when urgent or unusual situations develop.
B. MAG. The MAG is the general term for the documentís official
title, which is ďMaintenance Annex Guidance Between the Federal Aviation
Administration for the United States of America and the European Aviation
Safety Agency for the European Union.Ē The MAG, which is a separate document
than the Agreement, explains how to implement the Agreement and Annex 2.
NOTE: Both the MAG and the Agreement are located at the following Web site:
12-574 GENERAL. As part of the Agreement, the FAA and EASA have
established the following quality control (QC) system to verify compliance
with Annex 2. To promote cooperation and gain confidence in each otherís
systems, the FAA and EASA have the right to participate as an observer in
each otherís QC systems.
A. Sampling Inspections. The FAA may perform sample inspections
to verify that the AA is following the guidance in the MAG, Sections A and
Volume 12, Chapter 10, Section 2 for details. Inspections will include
a representative number of AMOs located within the country of the AA being
inspected. See Annex 2, Appendix 2, for a list of applicable EU Member States.
NOTE: To be included in the Agreement, an EU Member State must have
been assessed and have been rated at International Aviation Safety Assessment
(IASA) Category 1. If, following inclusion in the Agreement, an EU Member
State moves to a lower category, see the MAG, Section A, part II, paragraph
4.4.5. Be aware that the above policy does not include IASA findings that
are associated with IASA aircraft operational oversight standards.
B. FAA Independent Inspections. The FAA conducts independent
inspections when there are exceptional circumstances. Exceptional circumstances
include, but are not limited to, accident/incident investigations, compliance
and enforcement investigations, or other observations identified during
sample inspections. As a courtesy, the FAA should notify EASA and the AA
of a planned independent inspection and offer them the opportunity to participate
as observers. See
Volume 12, Chapter 10, Section 3 for details.
C. FAA Participation in EASA SIS Inspections. The FAA will
also participate in EASA SIS inspections per the MAG, Section A. See
Volume 12, Chapter 10, Section 4 for details.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 12-575 through 12-589.