VOLUME 13 FLIGHT STANDARDS DESIGNEES
CHAPTER 2 AIRCREW DESIGNATED EXAMINER PROGRAM
Section 1 General
183.23, Pilot Examiners.
13-54 PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODES. None.
13-55 OBJECTIVE. This section contains information concerning Aircrew Designated
Examiner (ADE) programs and guidance to be used by principal operations inspectors
(POI) and Safety Assurance managers when evaluating the prospect of implementing an ADE program.
A. Risk Management. An ADE program requires a risk management
approach that uses oversight based on differences in the potential impact on
safety and the likelihood of error. Sufficient resources must be allocated to
ensure effective management and efficient oversight of designees. The program
must be periodically evaluated to ensure it is producing the desired results.
B. Contents. This section contains a general description of the ADE program, in which airman certifications
are accomplished on behalf of the Administrator by an air carrier’s own specially authorized check pilots and check flight engineers (FE).
Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 2 contains
guidance for the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) management of an ADE program.
Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 3 contains
guidance on the selection, training, and supervision of an air carrier’s participants in the program.
NOTE: This chapter does not pertain to Training Center Evaluators (TCE) or Designated Aircraft Dispatcher Examiners (DADE).
13-56 GENERAL. The primary objective of an ADE program is maximum
safety for the public. A participating air carrier’s objectives include scheduling
advantages and business economies. The FAA’s objectives include leveraging of
limited inspector resources and accomplishing the most effective surveillance possible.
13-57 PROGRAM DESCRIPTION. The ADE program was established under
the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
the purpose of delegating certification authority and activity to select employees of 14 CFR parts
A. History. The program was originally intended for large air carriers with sophisticated training
capabilities and programs that include the extensive use of flight simulation
training devices (FSTD), highly trained personnel, and a large volume of certification
activity. Eligibility requirements have since been relaxed to permit smaller
air carriers to take advantage of the benefits of an ADE program. The ADE program
was and still is based on the premise that a candid relationship must be maintained between the air carrier and the FAA.
B. Personnel. The program comprises (1) one or more of an air carrier’s check pilots or check FEs,
further authorized by the FAA as aircrew program designee(s) (APD) (which includes
designated flight engineer examiners (DFEE) where appropriate) to conduct airman
certifications on behalf of the Administrator; and (2) an FAA inspector known
as an aircrew program manager (APM) who oversees the APDs’ activities. APDs
and APMs are selected for their experience, knowledge, and professional standing,
in the interest of maintaining high performance standards on the part of the air carrier and the FAA.
C. Candidate Selection. An APD candidate is nominated by an air carrier from
the ranks of its proficiency check pilots or check FEs and is given training
in FAA policies and certification procedures before being authorized by the
FAA as an APD (see
Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 3).
An APM candidate is selected for knowledge and experience related to airman certification and air carrier training programs.
Before being assigned APM duties, an APM is trained by the air carrier to qualify as a pilot in command (PIC) and as a fully qualified check
pilot in one of the air carrier’s airplane types. If that airplane requires
an FE, and FE certification is included in the ADE program, then the APM is
trained by the air carrier to qualify additionally as a check FE to oversee DFEEs.
13-58 PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.
A. Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of 14 CFR part
135, and part
and FAA policies, and qualification as an Aviation Safety InspectorOperations (ASI-OP) with designee oversight responsibilities.
B. Coordination. This task may require coordination between the managing Safety
Assurance office, Air Carrier Safety Assurance office, General Aviation Safety Assurance office, and/or the Air Transportation Division.
13-59 REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.
A. References (current editions):
• Title 14 CFR parts
• Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.).
• PTRS Procedures Manual.
B. Forms. None.
13-60 GUIDELINES FOR ESTABLISHING AN ADE PROGRAM. A well-run ADE
program pays off in heightened public safety. A POI and the appropriate Safety
Assurance manager should consider establishing an ADE program whenever doing
so would be desirable and feasible for an air carrier and for the FAA.
A. Certification Activity. Circumstances vary widely from air carrier to air carrier, and each situation must
be considered separately to determine if establishing an ADE program is desirable
and feasible. Many factors should be considered, such as the experience level of an air
carrier’s pilot population, travel time to and from training sites, and the complexity of the air carrier’s airplanes and operations.
B. New or Added Airplane Type. An ADE program may be particularly
effective when a new airplane or a new derivative of an existing airplane is
introduced. APM training provided by the air carrier affords timely, appropriate training for the FAA inspector having
oversight responsibility. This training, in turn, enables the FAA to provide
good service to the air carrier in reviewing, approving, and overseeing the
air carrier’s training program. Also, it empowers the APM to establish a highly effective surveillance program.
C. Future Requirements. When inspectors evaluate the need for an ADE program, future requirements must be considered.
1) For example, when an air carrier introduces a new airplane type into service, the
FAA often experiences an exceptionally high demand for airman certification
work. That additional workload comes together with a need for expert FAA surveillance
during the familiarization period, the first few years when the new airplane is worked into the
air carrier’s system. In such cases, the air carrier may benefit by the FAA
anticipating those unusual demands and being ready to implement an ADE program as the airplane is entered into service.
2) Safety Assurance managers should consider timing the selection of an APM for at least two purposes:
a) A newly certificated airplane, and the Flight Standardization Board (FSB).
It is highly desirable that a selectee participate in the FSB activities to determine type rating and training program requirements.
b) The initial cadre. It is particularly important that an APM selectee
attend initial cadre training together with the air carrier’s own employees.
13-61 AIR CARRIER QUALIFICATION FOR AN ADE PROGRAM.
A. Qualifications. In order to qualify for participation in an ADE program, a certificate holder must be a part
carrier, and should have at least one year of experience in conducting an approved part
121 appendix H
advanced simulator training program or a training program under a single-visit exemption as part of the enrollment process for the Advanced
Qualification Program (AQP). An ADE program should be in place prior to initial operation of an AQP pilot training curriculum.
The air carrier must have an acceptable history of safe operating performance and compliance with regulations, and must have
sustained a good working relationship with the FAA.
B. Program Requirements. Air carriers considering participation in an ADE program must commit to:
1) Entering into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). An MOU
is a written agreement between the air carrier and the FAA which describes how the ADE program
is to be conducted. In particular, an MOU must specify:
a) That the air carrier will have the benefit of one or more APDs, and in return:
b) That the air carrier will provide initial and recurrent training at the air carrier’s
expense to the following FAA inspectors:
• An APM,
• One or more Partial Program Managers (PPM),
when workload requires, and
• A planned replacement for an APM or PPM before either of those
positions is vacated, to ensure the continuity of the ADE program.
2) Extending privileges and courtesies to the APM (and PPM, when
applicable) beyond those extended to other ASIs. These privileges include all those that the
air carrier grants to its own check pilots and check FEs, except that of acting
as PIC or FE of an airplane in flight. For example, an APM must be granted the
same authority to operate the controls of FSTDs that the air carrier grants to its own check pilots and check FEs.
RESERVED. Paragraphs 13-62 through 13-75.