1/29/18

 

8900.1 CHG 35

VOLUME 13  FLIGHT STANDARDS DESIGNEES

CHAPTER 2  AIRCREW DESIGNATED EXAMINER PROGRAM

Section 1  General

Indicates new/changed information.

Source Basis:

    Section 183.1, Scope.

    Section 183.11, Selection.

    Section 183.23, Pilot Examiners.

    Administrative.

13-54    PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODES. None.

Indicates new/changed information.

13-55    OBJECTIVE. This section contains information concerning Aircrew Designated Examiner (ADE) programs and guidance to be used by principal operations inspectors (POI) and Safety Assurance managers when evaluating the prospect of implementing an ADE program.

A.    Risk Management. An ADE program requires a risk management approach that uses oversight based on differences in the potential impact on safety and the likelihood of error. Sufficient resources must be allocated to ensure effective management and efficient oversight of designees. The program must be periodically evaluated to ensure it is producing the desired results.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

B.    Contents. This section contains a general description of the ADE program, in which airman certifications are accomplished on behalf of the Administrator by an air carrier’s own specially authorized check pilots and check flight engineers (FE). Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 2 contains guidance for the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) management of an ADE program. Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 3 contains guidance on the selection, training, and supervision of an air carrier’s participants in the program.

NOTE:  This chapter does not pertain to Training Center Evaluators (TCE) or Designated Aircraft Dispatcher Examiners (DADE).

13-56    GENERAL. The primary objective of an ADE program is maximum safety for the public. A participating air carrier’s objectives include scheduling advantages and business economies. The FAA’s objectives include leveraging of limited inspector resources and accomplishing the most effective surveillance possible.

Indicates new/changed information.

13-57    PROGRAM DESCRIPTION. The ADE program was established under the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 183 for the purpose of delegating certification authority and activity to select employees of 14 CFR parts 121 and 135 air carriers.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

A.    History. The program was originally intended for large air carriers with sophisticated training capabilities and programs that include the extensive use of flight simulation training devices (FSTD), highly trained personnel, and a large volume of certification activity. Eligibility requirements have since been relaxed to permit smaller air carriers to take advantage of the benefits of an ADE program. The ADE program was and still is based on the premise that a candid relationship must be maintained between the air carrier and the FAA.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

B.    Personnel. The program comprises (1) one or more of an air carrier’s check pilots or check FEs, further authorized by the FAA as aircrew program designee(s) (APD) (which includes designated flight engineer examiners (DFEE) where appropriate) to conduct airman certifications on behalf of the Administrator; and (2) an FAA inspector known as an aircrew program manager (APM) who oversees the APDs’ activities. APDs and APMs are selected for their experience, knowledge, and professional standing, in the interest of maintaining high performance standards on the part of the air carrier and the FAA.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

C.    Candidate Selection. An APD candidate is nominated by an air carrier from the ranks of its proficiency check pilots or check FEs and is given training in FAA policies and certification procedures before being authorized by the FAA as an APD (see Volume 13, Chapter 2, Section 3). An APM candidate is selected for knowledge and experience related to airman certification and air carrier training programs. Before being assigned APM duties, an APM is trained by the air carrier to qualify as a pilot in command (PIC) and as a fully qualified check pilot in one of the air carrier’s airplane types. If that airplane requires an FE, and FE certification is included in the ADE program, then the APM is trained by the air carrier to qualify additionally as a check FE to oversee DFEEs.

13-58    PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

A.    Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of 14 CFR part 61, 63, 121, and/or 135, and part 183 regulations and FAA policies, and qualification as an Aviation Safety Inspector—Operations (ASI-OP) with designee oversight responsibilities.

Indicates new/changed information.

B.    Coordination. This task may require coordination between the managing Safety Assurance office, Air Carrier Safety Assurance office, General Aviation Safety Assurance office, and/or the Air Transportation Division.

13-59    REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.

A.    References (current editions):

    Title 14 CFR parts 1, 61, 63, 91, 121, 135, and 183.

    Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.).

    PTRS Procedures Manual.

B.    Forms. None.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

13-60    GUIDELINES FOR ESTABLISHING AN ADE PROGRAM. A well-run ADE program pays off in heightened public safety. A POI and the appropriate Safety Assurance manager should consider establishing an ADE program whenever doing so would be desirable and feasible for an air carrier and for the FAA.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

A.    Certification Activity. Circumstances vary widely from air carrier to air carrier, and each situation must be considered separately to determine if establishing an ADE program is desirable and feasible. Many factors should be considered, such as the experience level of an air carrier’s pilot population, travel time to and from training sites, and the complexity of the air carrier’s airplanes and operations.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

B.    New or Added Airplane Type. An ADE program may be particularly effective when a new airplane or a new derivative of an existing airplane is introduced. APM training provided by the air carrier affords timely, appropriate training for the FAA inspector having oversight responsibility. This training, in turn, enables the FAA to provide good service to the air carrier in reviewing, approving, and overseeing the air carrier’s training program. Also, it empowers the APM to establish a highly effective surveillance program.

C.    Future Requirements. When inspectors evaluate the need for an ADE program, future requirements must be considered.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.
1)    For example, when an air carrier introduces a new airplane type into service, the FAA often experiences an exceptionally high demand for airman certification work. That additional workload comes together with a need for expert FAA surveillance during the familiarization period, the first few years when the new airplane is worked into the air carrier’s system. In such cases, the air carrier may benefit by the FAA anticipating those unusual demands and being ready to implement an ADE program as the airplane is entered into service.
Indicates new/changed information.
2)    Safety Assurance managers should consider timing the selection of an APM for at least two purposes:
a)    A newly certificated airplane, and the Flight Standardization Board (FSB). It is highly desirable that a selectee participate in the FSB activities to determine type rating and training program requirements.
Indicates new/changed information.
b)    The initial cadre. It is particularly important that an APM selectee attend initial cadre training together with the air carrier’s own employees.
Indicates new/changed information.

13-61    AIR CARRIER QUALIFICATION FOR AN ADE PROGRAM.

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

A.    Qualifications. In order to qualify for participation in an ADE program, a certificate holder must be a part 121 or 135 air carrier, and should have at least one year of experience in conducting an approved part 121 appendix H advanced simulator training program or a training program under a single-visit exemption as part of the enrollment process for the Advanced Qualification Program (AQP). An ADE program should be in place prior to initial operation of an AQP pilot training curriculum. The air carrier must have an acceptable history of safe operating performance and compliance with regulations, and must have sustained a good working relationship with the FAA.

Indicates new/changed information.

B.    Program Requirements. Air carriers considering participation in an ADE program must commit to:

Indicates new/changed information.
1)    Entering into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). An MOU is a written agreement between the air carrier and the FAA which describes how the ADE program is to be conducted. In particular, an MOU must specify:
Indicates new/changed information.
a)    That the air carrier will have the benefit of one or more APDs, and in return:
Indicates new/changed information.
b)    That the air carrier will provide initial and recurrent training at the air carrier’s expense to the following FAA inspectors:

    An APM,

    One or more Partial Program Managers (PPM), when workload requires, and

    A planned replacement for an APM or PPM before either of those positions is vacated, to ensure the continuity of the ADE program.

Indicates new/changed information.
2)    Extending privileges and courtesies to the APM (and PPM, when applicable) beyond those extended to other ASIs. These privileges include all those that the air carrier grants to its own check pilots and check FEs, except that of acting as PIC or FE of an airplane in flight. For example, an APM must be granted the same authority to operate the controls of FSTDs that the air carrier grants to its own check pilots and check FEs.

RESERVED. Paragraphs 13-62 through 13-75.