VOLUME 16 UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
CHAPTER 4 OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND APPROVAL
Section 6 Accident ReportingCivil
16-4-6-1 ACCIDENT REPORTING.
A. Report Accident to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The remote pilot in command (PIC) of the small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) is required
to report an accident to the FAA within 10 days if it meets any of the following thresholds:
1) At least serious injury to any person or any loss of consciousness that meets the equivalent of “serious injury” as defined as level 3 or
higher on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM). For example, it would be considered a serious injury if a person is injured
to the extent that would normally require hospitalization; such as, but not limited to, head trauma, broken bone(s), or laceration(s) to the skin that requires suturing.
2) Damage to any property, other than the small unmanned aircraft (UA), if the cost is greater than $500 to repair or replace the property (whichever
is lower). For example, a small UA damages a property whose fair market value is $200, and it would cost $600 to repair the damage. Because the fair market value is below $500, the accident
is not required to be reported. Similarly, if the aircraft causes $200 worth of damage to property whose fair market value is $600, the accident is also not required to be reported because
the repair cost is below $500.
B. Submit Accident Report. The accident report must be made within 10 days of the operation that created the injury or damage. The report may be
given to the FAA electronically or by telephone. The report should include the following information:
· sUAS remote PIC’s name and contact information;
· sUAS remote PIC’s FAA Airman Certificate number;
· sUAS registration number issued to the aircraft, if required (FAA registration number);
· sUAS make and model;
· Location of the accident;
· Date of the accident;
· Time of the accident;
· Person(s) injured and extent of injury, if any or known;
· Property damaged and extent of damage, if any or known; and
· Description of what happened.
1) For electronic (online) reporting, refer to
2) For telephone reporting, see Table 16-4-6A, FAA Regional Operations Centers, below.
3) In addition, certain sUAS accidents must also be reported to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). For more information, refer to Title 49 of
the Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR) part 830.
Table 16-4-6A. FAA Regional Operations Centers
LOCATION WHERE ACCIDENT OCCURRED:
DC, DE, MD, NJ, NY, PA, WV, and VA
AL, CT, FL, GA, KY, MA, ME, MS, NC, NH, PR,
RI, SC, TN, VI, and VT
AK, AS, AZ, CA, CO, GU, HI, ID, MP, MT, NV,
OR, UT, WA, and WY
AR, IA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE,
NM, OH, OK, SD, TX, and WI
16-4-6-3 FLIGHT STANDARDS DISTRICT OFFICE (FSDO)/AVIATION SAFETY INSPECTOR (ASI) ACTIONS. Monitor the FSDO Group Box as part of the normal routine for emails
with the subject line “Preliminary 14 CFR part 107 small UAS Accident Report: [ROC identifier: ASO, ASW, ANM, etc.] ROC.”
A. Assign Accident Report. Assign the Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 107 accident report to an ASI.
B. Accident Reporting Criteria. The ASI determines if the preliminary report meets the part 107 accident reporting criteria.
C. Does Not Meet Criteria. If the ASI determines the report does not meet the criteria for part 107 reporting, contact the submitter to provide feedback.
D. Additional Information. If additional information becomes available that would indicate the event meets the reporting criteria for a part 107 NTSB
reportable accident, process the accident in accordance with the following guidance.
16-4-6-5 INVESTIGATE AN UNMANNED AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT. Follow the guidance contained in FAA Order
Accident and Incident Notification, Investigation, and Reporting, and
Volume 7, Chapter 1, Section 1. When
completing the FAA Form 8020-23, FAA Accident/Incident Report, and when entering data into the Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem (PTRS), use the following guidance:
A. Air Traffic Quality Assurance (ATQA) FAA Form 8020-23.
1) ATQA FAA Form 8020-23 Initial Screen Information.
a) FAR Part. Select “Other.”
b) Aircraft Registration Number. If an N registration number is assigned to the aircraft, which can be verified in the Multi-System Access Tool for Aircraft
(MSAT-B), enter the N number. If the aircraft does not have an N number, select “Other.”
2) ATQA FAA Form 8020-23 Blocks.
a) Blocks 1 through 6. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
b) Block 7, Operator Name. Select “Not Applicable.” Any information concerning the operator of the UA should be entered in the block 33 narrative.
c) Blocks 8 through 12. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
d) Block 13, Aircraft Information. If an N registration number is assigned to the UA, which can be verified in the MSAT-B, enter the number in 13A. Otherwise,
select “Other” and enter aircraft information in the block 33 narrative.
e) Block 14, FAR Part Number. If the operation was conducted under part 107, then select “M. Other, Specify” and enter “107” in the box.
If the operation was not conducted under part 107, then select “M. Other, Specify” and enter “N/A” in the box. Provide details in the block 33 narrative.
f) Block 15A, Type of Aircraft. Select “K. Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).”
g) Block 15B, Airworthiness Certificates. Select “H. None.” In the text box, enter “UAS.”
h) Blocks 16 through 19. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
i) Block 20, Injury/On-Board Summary. List the number of fatal and/or serious injuries using only the “Other” boxes.
j) Blocks 21 through 30. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
k) Block 31, Pilot Information. Only provide the remote pilot’s information if the pilot was at fault in the accident.
1. If the remote pilot was not at fault, select “Not Applicable.”
2. Otherwise, select “Unknown” and enter the pilot’s information. If the remote PIC has been issued an FAA remote pilot
certificate, include the number in the block 33 narrative. Do not enter the pilot’s
part 61 certificate number.
l) Block 32, Corrective Action. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
m) Block 33, Narrative. Provide:
· UA FA registration number.
· UA make, model, and serial number.
· Remote pilot certificate number.
· Frequency being used by the operator (72 MHz, 2.4 GHz, or other).
· Any additional information which adds value to the report. This could include information not
adequately addressed in block 21; such as, inadequate equipment used, or improper use of equipment for the type of operation being conducted.
· Type of operation, if other than part 107 (public, model aircraft, etc.)
· Any additional information deemed necessary by the Investigator-in-Charge (IIC).
n) Blocks 34 through 42. Follow the FAA Form 8020-23 instructions.
o) Block 43, Brief Explanation of Issues Involved. If a “Yes” response was selected in block 42, provide information in this block only for the
reason(s) “Yes” was selected. All additional information should be listed in the block 33 narrative.
B. Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem (PTRS).
1) Title 14 CFR. 107.
2) Aircraft Registration Number. If an N registration number is assigned to the UA, which can be verified in MSAT-B, then enter the number. Otherwise, enter
the aircraft registration and ownership information, such as the “FA” number, in the Comments section.
3) Make, Model, and Series (M/M/S). Enter the UAS and category, as appropriate.
a) Certificate Number. Enter the remote PIC’s sUAS certificate number. If the remote PIC does not possess a certificate issued under part 107, or if the
certificate number is unknown, leave blank. Do not enter the pilot’s part
61 certificate number.
b) Name (Last, First). Enter the remote PIC’s name. If unknown, leave blank.
5) National Use. Enter “UAS-X-Y,” where X is the type of operation (P=public, C=civil, M=military) and Y is the size of the UAS (L=large, S=small
(small is less than 55 pounds)). For example, UAS‑C‑S or UAS-M-L.
6) Equipment. Enter the UA make, model, and serial number information.
16-4-6-7 through 16-4-6-21 RESERVED.