O2.2.58 Conduct a Ramp Inspection of a 14 CFR Part 129 Foreign-Registered Aircraft for Operations


2.0 Surveillance/Inspection


2.2 Aircraft Surveillance

Previous Task Analysis:





1985 Allen Corp Task # 1.1.9








Job Aid:


PTRS Tracking






























Legal References:

49 U.S.C. § 40105               International Negotiations, Agreements, and Obligations

49 U.S.C. § 40113               Administrative

49 U.S.C. § 44713               Inspection and Maintenance


To assure foreign carriers are meeting the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards when operating within the United States.

Significant Interfaces:



Certificate Holder

International Field Office (IFO)/International Field Unit (IFU) with Operations Specifications responsibility

Flight Standards District Office (FSDO)

Regional Flight Standards Division (RFSD)


Flight Standards Service, AFS-1

International Programs and Policy Division, AFS-50

Air Transportation Division, AFS-200

Assistant Chief Counsel International Regulations Division, AGC-7

Assistant Chief Counsel, Regulations Division, AGC-200

Regional Legal Counsel


Procedural Guidance (current editions):

14 CFR Part 39                   Airworthiness Directives

14 CFR Part 43                   Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and Alteration

14 CFR Part 61                   Certification: Pilots, Flight Instructors, and Ground Instructors

14 CFR Part 63                   Certification: Flight Crewmembers other than Pilots

14 CFR Part 65                   Certification: Airmen other than Flight Crewmembers

14 CFR Part 91                   General Operating and Flight Rules

14 CFR Part 129                 Operations: Foreign Air Carriers and Foreign Operators of U.S.-Registered Aircraft Engaged in Common Carriage

Order 1380.51                     Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem

Order 2150.3                       Compliance and Enforcement Program

Order 8900.1                       Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS)

AC 129-4                            Maintenance Programs for U.S. Registered Aircraft under 14 CFR Part 129

Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation

                              Annex 1—Personnel Licensing

 Chapter 1, 1.2.9, Annex 1, Appendix 1—requirements for Proficiency In Language Used for Radiotelephony Communications, Annex 1, Attachment A, Language Proficiency Rating Scale

Annex 6—Operation of Aircraft

                                          Annex 7—Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks

                                          Annex 8—Airworthiness of Aircraft

NOTE: Ensure you are using the most current information. The Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) may be used to obtain current guidance.

NOTE: The best reference for 14 CFR Part 129 Ramp Inspections is Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3.

NOTE: Inspectors must complete the online training course 27100142 - How to conduct a 14 CFR Part 129 Ramp Inspection.

1.                                    Initiate ramp inspection of foreign-registered aircraft

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

1.1                            Open Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem (PTRS) record

K: Order 1380.51

2.                                    Prepare for inspection

2.1                            Obtain copy of Air Carrier Ramp Inspections Job Aid

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3, Figure 6-17, 6-18, and 6-19

3.                                    Make an official, but courteous, introduction to the flightcrew/station manager; state purpose of inspection

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

3.1                            Request to see airman and medical certificates; (if the flight crew is available) review certificates (type rating appropriate for aircraft and English Language Level Endorsement according to ICAO, Annex 1, Appendix A), restrictions, if any (glasses, etc.); ensure they meet duty position and are applicable to aircraft being operated

4.                                    Inspect aircraft documents

4.1                            Inspect aircraft airworthiness certificate

K: 14 CFR § 129.13
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3
K. ICAO Article 29 (b), 31
K: ICAO, Annex 6, Part 1,

4.2                            Inspect aircraft radio license

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3
K. ICAO Article 29 (e), 30 (b)

4.3                            Inspect aircraft registration certificate

K: 14 CFR § 129.13
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3
K. ICAO Article 29 (a)

4.4        Inspect approved maintenance program, if “N” registered

K: 14 CFR § 129.14
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

4.5        Inspect letter of authorization (LOA) for use of minimum equipment list (MEL), if “N” registered

K: 14 CFR § 129.14
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

4.6        Inspect air operator certificate (AOC) “certified true copy”

K: ICAO Annex 6, Part 1, 6.1.2.

4.7        Inspect operations specifications (Op Specs)

K: 14 CFR 129.11

4.8        Inspect Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) and Quick Reference Checklist (QRC)

K: ICAO, Annex 6, Part 1, 6.1.3

4.9        Inspect required navigation/communication equipment

K: 14 CFR 129.17
K: ICAO, Annex 6, Part 1, 6.9 and 6.10

4.10      Inspect cockpit emergency/safety equipment (oxygen masks, life vest, goggles, fire extinguisher, crash axe, etc.)

K: ICAO, Annex 6, Part 1

5.                                    Inspect aircraft’s interior

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3, Figure 6-18

6.                                    Inspect aircraft’s exterior, Figure 6-19

K: 14 CFR § 129.32
K: ICAO, Article 17
K: ICAO, Article 20
K: ICAO, Annex 7
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

7.                                    Inspect servicing and the maintenance area if “N” registered

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

8.                                    Analyze results of inspection

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

9.                                    Debrief operator; diplomatically explain each discrepancy.

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

10.                            If air carrier representative disagrees with inspection findings, prepare a written report of findings; address to IFO/IFU with OpSpecs responsibility

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 2, Chapter 5, Section 3

10.1                      IFO/IFU with OpSpecs responsibility will mail a report to state civil aviation authority and distribute copies to AFS-1and AGC-200

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 2, Chapter 5, Section 3

11.                            If serious uncorrected safety deficiencies exist, immediately advise foreign air carrier principal inspector, who must advise foreign air carrier and/or state civil aviation authority

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

11.1                      If foreign air carrier CEO or state civil aviation authority fails to take corrective actions, initiate swift enforcement action

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12 Chapter 3, Section 3

12.                            Document task

K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

12.1                      Close PTRS record

K: Order 1380.51
K: Order 8900.1, Volume 12, Chapter 3, Section 3

13.                            Licensing of crew

            Annex 1, Part 1, Chapter 1

1.2.1     Authority to Act as Pilot in Command (PIC)

1.2.4     Medical Fitness  Medical Assessment for License/certificate
a. Airline transport pilot (ATP) – 12 months
            b. Commercial – 12 months
            c. Multicrew Pilot – 12 months ATP 40 or Older – 6 months ATP 60 or Older 6 months, Multicrew License only – 60 or Older - 6 months

1.2.7     Use of psychoactive substances  Flying under the influence

1.2.9     Language proficiency

(For additional details on English language, see Annex 1, Attachment A for descriptive and definition and AFS-50 Web site for English Language State Plan Evaluation Matrix:  “https://employees.faa.gov/org/linebusiness/avs/offices/afs/divisions/hq_region/afs50”)

14.                            Compliance with laws, regulations, and procedures

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 3

3.1.1     Compliance with the laws and regulations of the state of flight operations.

3.1.2     Flightcrew must be familiar with laws, regulations, and procedures.

3.1.7     Crew must have all essential information for search and rescue over route.

3.1.8     Operator responsibility to assure English language proficiency.

15.                            Operational certification and supervision

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 4

4.2.1     AOC  Crew shall have a valid AOC  AOC shall contain:
a. The State of Operator
b. AOC number and expiration date
c. Operator name, doing business as (DBA), address of principal place of business
d. Date issued and name, signature, and title of authority representative
e. Location of contact details for operational management

4.2.2     Surveillance of operations by a foreign operator  Operator shall provide and maintain the requirements established By the state in which operations are conducted

4.2.3     Operations manual  Operator shall provide an operations manual in accordance with Appendix 2 of this Annex.

4.2.11   Crew Fatigue management shall be included in the operations manual.

4.3.4     Alternate airports listed on flight plan  Takeoff alternate(s) listed if needed  Extended Operations (ETOPS) alternate  Destination alternate

4.3.6     Fuel and oil supply  Sufficient fuel and oil  Turbine-Powered aircraft with alternate:
a. Flight plan, approach, missed approach, flight to alternate, 30 minutes at “holding speed”, and anticipated weather or air traffic control (ATC) delays.

4.3.7     Refueling with passengers on board  Properly attended by qualified personnel trained in emergency evacuation  Two-way radio is established between ground crew supervising the refueling and the qualified personnel on board.

4.3.8     Oxygen supply  Must depart with sufficient oxygen for crew and passengers for planned flight.

4.5        Duties of PIC

4.5.5     PIC shall be responsible for the journey logbook

16.                            Aeroplane performance operating limitations

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 5

5.2        Applicable to large aircraft

5.2.3     Aeroplane shall be operated in compliance with its airworthiness certificate and within approved operating limitations contained in its flight manual.

5.2.5/5.2.6 No flight may begin unless takeoff performance and limitations are met

5.2.7     Mass limitations—the mass and balance must have been proved within limitations for:

a. Start of takeoff
b. Not exceed maximum takeoff mass
c. Not exceed maximum landing mass
d. Not exceed relevant maximum mass applicable to noise certification standards in Annex 16, Volume 1.

17.                            Aeroplane instruments, equipment, and flight documents

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 6

6.1        General

6.1.2     The aeroplane shall carry a certified true copy of the AOC

NOTE: If the State of Operator’s language is not English, an English translation must be included.

6.1.3     MEL shall be included in the operations manual

6.1.4     AOM shall be provided for each aircraft with normal,

abnormal, and emergency procedures

6.2        All aeroplanes on all flights

6.2.2     Aeroplane shall be equipped with:

a. Adequate medical supplies
            1. One or more first aid kits
            2. Passenger seating of 250 or more one universal precaution kit
            3. Passenger seating of 100 or more with flights two hours or longer a      doctor’s medical kit
b. Portable fire extinguishers located:
            1. Cockpit
            2. Each passenger compartment separated from the flightcrew
c. A seat for each passenger with:
            1. Seat belt for each seat
            2. Safety harness for each flight crew seat
d. Passenger briefing card (or other means accepted by the State of Operator) that instructs the passengers to:
1. When to fasten seat belts
2. When and how to use oxygen
3. Smoking restrictions
4. Location and use of floatation devices, and
5. Location and method for opening emergency exits

6.3        Flight data recorders and aircraft data recording systems

            When listed as part of the aeroplane certification, these must be operational.

6.5        All aeroplanes over water

6.5.2     Land aeroplanes  One floatation device for each person on board
6.5.3     All aeroplanes on long-range over-water flights  The following shall be installed:
            1. Life rafts
            2. Pyrotechnic distress signals described in Annex 2  Life jacket with electric illumination device

6.7        All aeroplanes on high altitude flights

            Quick donning masks for flightcrew, passenger drop-down masks, and portable bottles for flight and cabin crew.

6.8        All aeroplanes in icing conditions

            Suitable de-icing and/or anti-icing devices

6.9        All aeroplanes operated in accordance to instrument flight rules (IFR)

6.9.2     Aeroplanes over 12,500 pounds shall have emergency power supply for electrically-operated attitude indicating equipment

6.15      Aeroplanes required to be equipped with Ground Proximity Warning Systems (GPWS)

6.15.2   All turbine aeroplanes in excess of 15,000 kg (33,000 pounds) or 30 or more passengers shall be equipped with a forward looking terrain avoidance GPWS

6.16      Cabin crew seats

Aeroplane shall be equipped with forward or rearward cabin crew seats fitted with safety harness.

6.18      Aeroplanes required to be equipped with an Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS )

6.19      Requirements for pressure-altitude reporting transponders

6.19.1   All aeroplanes shall be equipped in accordance with Annex 10, Volume IV

18.                            Communication equipment

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 7

7.1        Communication equipment

            7.1.1     An aeroplane shall be provided with radio equipment capable of:

            1. Two-way radios
            2. Ability to receive meteorological information any time during flight
            3. Conduct two-way radio communication any time during flight

7.2        Navigation equipment

7.2.1     Aeroplane will have equipment able for it to proceed:
1. Fly its flight plan
2. Fly requests of ATC
7.2.3     For flights in minimum navigation performance specification (MNPS):
1. Displays adherence or deviation from track to the degree of accuracy required; and
2. Has been authorized by the State of Operator
7.2.4     For flights in Reduced Verticle Separation Minimum (RVSM):
1. Shall have equipment capable of:
            a. Indicating flight level
            b. Automatically maintaining selected flight level
            c. Provide an alert when deviation not exceeding 90 m/300 feet; and
            d. Shall demonstrate a vertical navigation performance in accordance       with Annex 4

19.                            Recent experience

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 9

9.4.2     Cruise pilot  No pilot may act as a cruise pilot unless within the last 90 days:
1. Acted as PIC on same type
2. Has had recurrent/currency training in normal, abnormal, and emergency procedures

9.4.3     PIC area, route, and aerodrome qualifications  A pilot can not act as PIC unless he has demonstrated knowledge of:
1. Route and aerodrome to be used
2. Flight path over populated areas and areas of high traffic density, obstructions, physical layout, lights, approach aids and arrival, departure, holding, and instrument procedures with applicable operating minima  PIC shall have made an actual approach into each aerodrome of landing   on route with a qualified pilot

9.5        Flightcrew equipment    

Flightcrew must have spare set of correcting lenses, if applicable.

9.6        Flight, duty, and rest periods for fatigue management

            The State of Operator shall establish regulations specifying the limitations applicable for flight, duty, and rest periods.

20.                            Flight manual

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 11

11.1      Flight manual    

Operators shall maintain and implement changes made mandatory by the State of Operator.

11.4      Journey logbook

11.4.1   Recommendations - journey logbook must be on board and should have:
1. Nationality and registration
2. Date
3. Names of crew
4. Duty assignment
5. Place of departure
6. Place of arrival
7. Time of departure
8. Time of arrival
9. Hours of flight
10. Nature of flight (scheduled, nonscheduled, private)
11. Incidents, observations, if any
12. Signature of person in charge

21.                            Security

Annex 6, Part 1, Chapter 13

13.2      Security of flightcrew compartment

13.2.1   Crew compartment door shall be capable of being locked and a plan shall be provided for discreet notification to flight crew of suspicious activity or security breaches in the cabin.
13.2.2.  Flightcrew door capable of resisting penetration of small arms fire, grenade shrapnel, and intrusion by unauthorized persons.  Door must be able to be locked and unlocked from either crew’s station.

22.                            Appendix 2

Annex 6, Part 1, Annex 2

Organization and contents of an operations manual

a. General
b. Aircraft operating information
c. Areas, routes, and aerodromes; and
d. Training

23.                            Appendix 6

Annex 6, Part 1, Appendix 6

OpSpecs for each aircraft model

3.1        For each aircraft model that identifies:

a. Make
b. Model
c. Series
d. Issuing authority contact details
e. Operator name
f. AOC number
g. Date of issuance
h. Signature of authority
i. Types and areas of operation
j. Special limitations and authorizations