U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington, D.C.

 

Operational Suitability Report (OSR)

 

 

Revision: Original

Date: 06/20/2014

 

 

 

 

Airbus Helicopters Inc

GARMIN G500H EFIS

 L3 2000 ESI

AS 350B3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donald H. Wood Jr.(Chip)

Chair, Flight Standardization Board (FSB)

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

2601 Meacham Blvd

Fort Worth, Texas 76137

 

 

 

Telephone:

(817) 222-5270

FAX:

(817) 222-5295

 

 

 


 

 

RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

Original

All

All

06/20/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

Revision Original: All Sections

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

1.  Purpose and Applicability.                                                    Page - 3

2 .   Pilot Type Rating Requirements.                              Page - 3

3.  OSR Specifications for Training.                                          Page - 4

4.  OSR Specifications for Checking.                            Page - 4

5.   OSR Specifications for Currency .                                        Page - 4

 

PART II

1.0 Background :                                                                       Page - 5

2 . 0 Issue Papers.                                                                        Page - 5

3 . 0 Type Ratings and Crew Qualification Tests.                       Page - 5

Summary and Conclusions :                                                   Page - 6

Appendix: A                                                                              Page - 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

Operational Suitability Report (OSR)

Airbus Helicopters Inc.AS350B3 Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System

(EFIS) and L3 2000 Electronic Standby Instruments (ESI) Display System

PART I

1. Purpose and Applicability.

 

The purpose of this report is to ensure complete coverage and documentation of all Flight Standards responsibilities regarding the Supplemental Type Certification SR09500RC-D installation of the Airbus Helicopters Inc. AS350B3 Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) and L3 2000 Electronic Standby Instruments (ESI) Display System.  The Airbus France AS350B3 helicopter is type certificated as a Code of Federal Regulations Part 27 Normal Category Rotorcraft, Day/Night Visual Flight Rules (VFR) operation.  

      This system is an avionics suite that combines primary flight instrumentation, navigational information and a moving map.  This flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the evaluation of Instrument Landing System /Lateral Navigation Approach non-precision/ Lateral and Vertical Navigation non-precision/Localizer Precision with Vertical guidance (ILS/LNAV/VNAV/LPV) approaches.  Navigation is based upon the Global Position System (GPS) receiver with Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) enabled of each GPS that is approved for instrument approach navigation with vertical guidance ILS/LNAV/VNAV/LPV.  Coupling of the aircraft flight controls was accomplished as the auto pilot is installed consist of two (2) axis with vertical/navigation guidance. The system is an attitude-command-attitude-hold stability augmentation system (SAS).  This means that the rotorcraft will always return to a level attitude if disturbed, and will resist pilot inputs away from a level attitude with approximately 3 lbs. of force.

    SAS and Autopilot for Helicopters (HeliSAS) is designed as a “fly through” system so that the pilot can easily maneuver with the system engaged throughout the flight envelope from liftoff to landing, including autorotation. With this system of SAS the pilot only needs to relax the controls and the helicopter will return to and maintain level attitude flight.  Similarly the Attitude-Command-Attitude-Hold Stability Augmentation (ACAH) allows significantly more divided attention as it will maintain a level attitude while the pilot diverts his or her attention away from aircraft control.  The Stability Augmentation System (SAS) does not provide this benefit as it will continue to pitch or roll with any pressure on the cyclic and will not recover from turbulence upsets.

    The ESI system is a panel mounted solid state instrument that provides a visual display of attitude (pitch and roll), slip/skid-indicator, barometric- corrected altitude, indicated airspeed, heading (optional) and battery indications. The indicator uses an Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD)

 

For the Rotorcraft-Helicopter, Airline Transport Pilot and Instrument Pilot rating, the addition of the Garmin GPS 500H EFIS and ESI L3 2000 does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers.

 

2 . Pilot Type Rating Requirements.

The Airbus Helicopters Inc. AS350B3 rotorcraft is certificated at a gross weight below 12,500 lbs., and exhibited no unusual characteristics or complexity that requires exceptional skill or knowledge to operate.  Therefore an aircraft type rating is not required.

 

AS350B3 Initial Training Course: Five days of ground instruction, plus 5 to 7 hours of flight instruction covering aircraft specific topics: Note: The Garmin G500 and ESI training/functions will be covered under the avionics section during the ground school.

 

AS350B3 Recurrent Training Course: 2 days of ground instruction, plus 4 hours of flight instruction covering aircraft specific topics: Note: The Garmin G500 and ESI training/functions will be covered under the avionics section during the ground school.

 

3. OSR Specifications for Training.

 

The certificated operator must meet the training requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) § 135.329 and be included in its initial and recurrent training program with sufficient instruction on the use and applicability of the Garmin G500H Avionics Suite.

 

 Special Emphasis Items:

 

 

4. OSR Specifications for Checking.

 

Flight checks are conducted in accordance with the instructional guidance and requirements contained in the Airline Transport Pilot Practical Test Standards , FAA-S-8081-20 , Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards FAA - S-8081-4E an FAA-S-8081-20 and or Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards for Rotorcraft to FAA-S-8081-16B as supplemented by guidance in FAA Order 8900 . 1 Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS)

Currency shall be maintained in accordance with 14 CFR §§ 61.57, 135.293 and 135.247, as appropriate.

 

5.  OSR Specifications for Training Devices and Simulators.

 

14 CFR Part 60 - At the t i me of this Operational Suitability Report, Airbus Helicopters Inc. has no Flight Training Device or Level A thru D Simulator in operation. Training must be in an appropriately equipped aircraft.

 

 

 

 

PART II (Board Report)

1.0 Background :

 

On February 20, 2014, Donald H. Wood Jr. (Chip) and Jack Bailey, Operations Inspectors of the Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group, conducted an operational evaluation in a Airbus Helicopters Inc. AS350B3 helicopter for an evaluation of the aircraft handling qualities as equipped with the Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) and L3 2000 Electronic Standby Instruments (ESI) Display System.  The AS350B3 is included in the H9EU type certificate data sheet.

 

The flight evaluation consisted of maneuvers required for the issuance of an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate or Rotorcraft-Helicopter Instrument rating The system provides a Flight Control Display System (FCDS) depicting attitude, altitude, barometric altimeter setting , airspeed, instantaneous vertical speed, magnetic heading and course deviation indicator, and outside air temperature.  The Navigation Display (ND) can be combined with a moving map, XM satellite weather, and traffic overlays.

 

Additionally , there are numerous optional avionics components available which integrate with the basic GARMIN GPS500H Display System .   The Garmin GPS 500H Avionics Display System does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers.   Approaches, with greater than 3° glide path angle or less than 70 KIAS can be flown with Auto Flight Control System (AFCS) 2-axis upper modes engaged.  The Minimum approach speed is 47 knots.  The Garmin GPS G500H GPS/Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) receiver installation allows LPV and L/VNAV coupled approach capability in the AS350B3 helicopter.

 

The flight display system of the evaluated aircraft was comprised of :

 

1)          The Garmin GPS G500W GPS/WAAS receivers with modified software enabling the GPS mode (GPS = GPS Landing System), which is an ILS Look-A-Like signal. The ILS/GLS selector switch is to allow display of the GPS signal on the PFD

2)          L3 2000 Electronic Standby Instruments (ESI) Display System

 

Garmin avionics documents are available in the Manufacturers Data section of the Rotorcraft Flight Manual.

 

Additionally, these referenced documents are available online from Garmin and HeliSAS S y s t em .

2 . 0 There are no outstanding Aircraft Evaluation Group issue papers .

 

3 . 0 Type Ratings and Crew Qualification Tests.

With the addition of the Garmin G500H (EFIS) and L3 2000 (ESI), pilots qualifying in an ai r craft that have this equipment installed should experience little difficulties in the transition and require minimal training .

 

Summary and Conclusions : Flight checks are to be conducted in accordance with the instruction , guidance , and requirements contained in Practical Test Standards and supplemented by guidance in FAA Orders 8900.1 (FSIMS)

 

 

Appendix A

Abbreviation

Definition

ACAH

Attitude-Command-Attitude-Hold Stability Augmentation

AFCS

Automatic Flight Control System

AMLCD

Active Matrix Liquid Crystal  Display

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

EFIS

Electric Flight Instrument System

ESI

Electric Standby Instruments

FCDS

Flight Control Display System

FSIMS

Flight Standards Information Management System

GPS

GPS Navigation System (Garmin GPS - 500H or GPS - 500)

HeliSAS

Stability Augmentation System and Autopilot for Helicopters

IFR

Instrument Flight Rules

ILS

Instrument Landing System

ILS/GLS

Instrument Landing System /GPS Landing System

LNAV

Lateral navigation approach (non-precision)

LNAN/VNAV

Lateral and vertical navigation (non-precision)

LOC

Localizer

LPV

Localizer Precision with Vertical guidance

SAS

Stability Augmentation System

SBAS

Satellite Based Augmentation System

VEMD

Vehicle Engine Monitoring Display

VFR

Visual Flight Rules

 

WAAS

Wide Area Augmentation System

W&B

Weight and Balance