U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

Revision: ORIGINAL

Date: 08/12/2013

AgustaWestland S.p.A.

AW119MKII

                                      G1000H

Donald H. Wood Jr. (Chip)

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

2601 Meacham Blvd.

Fort Worth, Texas  76137-4298

 

Telephone:

817-222-5270

FAX:

817-222-5295

 

 


RECORD OF REVISIONS

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

Original

All

All

08/12/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

Revision Original: All Sections


Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

AgustaWestland S.p.A. AW119MKII with

Garmin G1000H Integrated Avionics System Installation of the Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) Installation

1. Purpose and applicability.

The purpose of this report is to insure complete coverage and documentation of all Flight Standards responsibilities regarding the type design change certification of the AgustaWestland S.p.A AW119MKII with the Garmin G1000H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) Installation with a Night Vision Goggle (NVG) compatible cockpit. The AgustaWestland S.p.A AW119MKII aircraft is type certificated as a Part 27 Normal Category Rotorcraft, Day/Night VFR operation. The Garmin G1000H is limited to Day/Night VFR operations in its present configuration. This system is an avionics suite that combines primary flight instrumentation, navigational information, and a moving map display on dual 7.7 by 11.8 inch color screens. This flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the original issuance of a Commercial Pilot and Instrument Pilot rating, Rotorcraft-Helicopter. The addition of the Garmin G1000H Avionics Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multi-Function Display (MFD) does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard (PTS) maneuvers. There is no coupling of the aircraft flight controls to navigation sources. Additionally, there are no Flight Director cues provided to the pilot.

2. Pilot Type Rating Requirements.

The Agusta Westland S.p.A AW119MKII Rotorcraft is certificated at a gross weight below 12,500 lbs. and exhibited no unusual characteristics or complexity that requires exceptional skill or knowledge to operate.  Therefore an aircraft type rating is not required.

3. Requirements.

The Initial AW119MKII course should consist of 30 hours of Ground School, with 6 hours of flight training which will cover the following maneuvers covering the following topics

GENERAL

·              General Helicopter

·              Architecture

·              Component Location

     LEADING PARTICULARS

·              System Description/Specifications

 TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS

·              Overview/Purpose

  ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

·              Overview/Purpose

   SYMBOLOGY

·              Overview/Purpose

  PRE-FLIGHT

S/U

22)   Approach/ Landing-Dual SAS Failure

 

1)  Flight Manual Review

 

 

 

2)  Pre-Flight Inspection

 

 

 

3)  Cockpit Familiarization/Start Procedures

 

 

4)  Power Assurance/ Systems Check

 

 

TAKEOFFS

 

 

5)  Normal

 

 

 

6)  Maximum Performance

 

 

 

IN FLIGHT

 

 

 

7)   Steep Turns

 

 

 

8)   #1 Hyd Fail @ 90 kt /Cruise speed *

 

 

 

9)   Both SAS Fail @ 90 kt/ Cruise spd *

 

 

 

10)  Un-commanded SAS inputs/ API.

 

 

 

11)  Rapid Decelerations

 

INSTRUCTOR:

 

12) 

 

 

 

APPROACHES/LANDINGS

 

 

 

 

 

13)  Normal

 

 

 

14)  Steep/Confined/Pinnacle  

 

 

 

15)  Running

 

 

 

MALFUNCTIONS/EMERGENCIES

 

 

16)   #1 Hyd. Failure

 

 

 

17)  Simulated EEC Fail/ MEC

 

 

 

18)  Manual Cont. of Engine

 

 

 

19) Autorotations

 

 

 

·    Hover    

 

 

 

 

 

 

·    Hovering Forward    

 

 

 

·     Straight In    

 

 

 

·     90 º / 180º

 

 

 

·   HOGE (Outside HV)

 

 

 

20) Approach / Landing-Tail Rotor Stuck Rights

 

 

 

21) Approach / Landing-Tail Rotor Stuck Left

 

 

 

4. Acceptable Operator Differences.

The AW119MKII Recurrent aircraft course with prior AW119 experience should be 8 hours of ground school and 2-3 hours of flight instruction on the topics covered in the initial AW119MKII class.

5. FSB Specifications for Training.

The certificated operator must meet the training requirements of 14 CFR § 135.329 and include in its initial and recurrent training program sufficient instruction on the use and applicability of the Garmin G1000H Avionics suite and NVG operations.

6. FSB Specifications for Checking.

Flight checks are conducted in accordance with the instruction guidance and requirements contained in the Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-16, Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards FAA-S-8081-4E, as supplemented by guidance in FAA Order 8900.1 and 8900.2.

7. FSB Specifications for Currency.

Currency shall be maintained in accordance with 14 CFR §§ 61.57, and 135.247, as appropriate.

8. Regulatory Compliance Checklist.

The Compliance Checklist documents applicable 14 CFR Part 91 and Part 135 regulatory requirements to assist the FAA Operations Inspectors in the expedited approval of that aircraft for a proposed operation. This list pertains specifically to a representative production aircraft N516LF.

14

CFR

Section

Requirement

Compliance

Remark

FSB Finding

§ 91.9 (a)

Compliance with Flight Manual, Markings, and Placard Markings

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.9 (b)(1)

Availability of Current Rotorcraft Flight Manual in Aircraft

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.9

Identification of Aircraft in Accordance with FAR 45

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.203 (a)(b)

Valid Airworthiness Certificate, Flight Permit, Registration Certificate.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.205 (b) (1) thru (10)

Powered Civil Aircraft with Standard Category U.S. Airworthiness Certificates: Instrument and Equipment Requirements: General

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.205 (b) (12), (13),(17)

Day VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205 (c)

Night VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205(d)

IFR (Instrument Flight Rules)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205(h)

Night Vision Goggle Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

All cockpit instruments are NVG compatible

Satisfactory

§ 91.207(a)(b)

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.209 (b)

Operate an aircraft equipped with an anti-collision light system.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.213

Inoperative Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.215 (a)

ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.215(b) (c) (d)

Transponder Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.221(a)(b)

Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.223 (a)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.503 (a)(2)

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.503 (a)(3)  (a)(4)

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.503 (b)(c)

Cockpit Checklist Contents

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.505

Familiarity with Operating Limitations and Emergency Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.507

Equipment Requirement: Over the Top, or Night VFR Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.517

Passenger information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.519

Passenger Briefing

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.521

Shoulder Harness

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.525

Carriage of Cargo

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.1115 (a)

Minimum Equipment List

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

Pending MMEL will reflect JASC System upon submittal from AguataWestland S.p. A

Satisfactory

§ 135.21

Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.81 (c)

Aircraft Equipment Manuals and Aircraft Flight Manual

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.83 (a)(1) & (b)

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.83 (a)(2) & (c)

Emergency Procedures Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.83 (a)(3)

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.99 (a)

Composition of Flight Crew – AFM Limitations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.117

Briefing of Passengers before Flight

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.123

Emergency and Emergency Evacuation Duties

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.127

Passenger Information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.128

Safety Belts and Child Restraint Systems

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.143 (b)

Approved/Operable Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.143 (c)

ATC Transponder

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.149 (a)

Altimeter Adjustable for Barometric Pressure

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.149 (b)

Heating or Deicing Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.157 (a)

Oxygen Equipment Requirements Unpressurized aircraft.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.157 (c)

Equipment requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.158 (a)

Pitot Heat Indicating Systems Requirement and Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.159 (a) - (g)

Equipment Requirements: Carrying Passengers under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top Conditions

 

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.161

Radio and Navigational Equipment: Aircraft Carrying Passengers Under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

G1000H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.170

Materials for Compartment Interiors

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

NVG compatible

Satisfactory

§ 135.171 (a)

Shoulder Harness Installation at Flight Crewmember Stations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.179 (b)

Instruments and Equipment NOT included in MEL

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.180 (b)

Flight Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.183 (d)

Helicopter inflation devices

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

Not installed

Satisfactory

§ 135.185 (a)

Empty Weight and Center of Gravity: Currency Requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.185 (b)

Aircraft Original Airworthiness Certificate

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.363 (f)

AFM Performance Data

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H7EU)

 

Satisfactory

9. FSB Specifications for Training Devices and Simulators. 14 CFR Part 60 - Flight Simulation Training Device Initial and Continuing Qualification and Use, outlines specifications for helicopter simulator and Flight Training Devices.  During the time of the FSB neither a full motion simulator, nor Flight Training Device existed. The aircraft manufacturer indicated that if an FTD/Simulator was certificated by the National Simulator Program, it could be implemented with the training program in the future.

10. Applications.

The guidelines set forth in the FSB report apply to:

a) Certified Flight Instructors

b) Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air transportation service

c) Certificated Ground Instructors associated with a training center

d) Aviation Safety Inspectors

e) Designated Pilot Examiners

f)    Pilot Proficiency Examiners

g) 14 CFR Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors

h) Commercial Certificated Helicopter –Rotorcraft pilots

11. Alternate Means of Compliance.

N/A

12. Regulatory Coordination and Approval.

See Section 8.0 Results

 

PART II (Board Report)

1.0 Background:

On March 1, 2013, Donald H. Wood Jr. (Chip) Operations Inspector, Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group, conducted an operational evaluation in an AgustaWestland S.p.A AW119MKII. (N516LF) was flown both day and night for an evaluation of the aircraft handling qualities as equipped with the Garmin G1000H EFIS and NVG Systems.   The AW119MKII is included in the H7EU type certificate data sheet.

The flight display system of the evaluated aircraft was comprised of:

1. #1 GIA Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit GPS/NAV/COM, AWG, and Discrete I/O

2. #2 GIA Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit GPS/NAV/COM, AWG, and Discrete I/O

3. #1 GEA Garmin Engine & Airframe I/O

4. #2 GEA Garmin Engine & Airframe I/O

5. #1 Garmin Signal Conditioner Unit (N1, N2, and NR converter)

6. #2 Garmin Signal Conditioner Unit (N1, N2, and NR converter)

7. GMU 44 Magnetometer

8. GRS 77H Attitude Heading and Reference System (AHRS)

9. GDC 7 4H Air Data Computer

10. GPT 59 Outside Air Temperature (OAT) Probe

11. GTX 330 w/ES (Extended Squitter) Mode S Transponder

12. Cobham Digital Audio Control System

13. L3-COM Electronic Standby Instrument System(ESIS)

14. GTS 800 Traffic Awareness System

15. GDL 69 AH XM Weather System

16. Garmin HTAWS

17. Garmin Synthetic Vision System

18. RA-4500 Radar Altimeter

The flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the issuance of a Rotorcraft-Helicopter Instrument rating. The system provides a PFD depicting attitude, altitude, barometric altimeter setting, airspeed, instantaneous vertical speed, magnetic heading and course deviation indicator, and outside air temperature. The MFD can be combined with a moving map, XM satellite weather, and traffic overlays. Additionally, there are numerous optional avionics components available which integrate with the basic G1000H Display System. The Garmin G1000H Avionics Display System does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers. There is no coupling of the aircraft flight controls to navigation sources. Additionally, there are no Flight Director cues provided to the pilot.

The following vendor avionics documents are available in the Manufacturers

Data section of the Rotorcraft Flight Manual:

1. G1000H Cockpit Reference Guide 190-01150-03, Rev. B or later

2. G1000H Pilots Guide 190-01150-02, Rev. B or later

3. GTX 330 w/ES Transponder Pilot Guide

4. GTS 800 Pilot’s Guide

Additionally, these referenced documents are available online from Garmin.

2.0 There are no outstanding Aircraft Evaluation Group issue papers.

All issues were closed prior to the evaluation.

3.0 Type Ratings and Crew Qualification Tests.

With the addition of the Garmin G1000HAvionics Display System, pilots qualifying in an aircraft that have this equipment installed should experience little difficulties in the transition and require minimal training.

Summary and Conclusions: Flight checks are to be conducted in accordance with the instruction , guidance , and requirements contained in Practical Test Standards and supplemented by guidance in FAA Order 8900.1 and/or 8900.2.