FLIGHT STANDARDIZATION BOARD REPORT

 

 

                                           DC-10-10/-30 Tanker

                                           

                                               January 22, 2009  

                                                             

 

 

 

 

 

   Approved:_______________________  Date:

Otis Tolbert

   Chairman, DC-10 Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Aircraft Evaluation Group (LGB-AEG)

3960 Paramount Boulevard

Lakewood, CA 90712-4137

 

 

Telephone: (562) 627-5274

FAX (562) 627-5281

 

                                  

 

                                                                  

CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE …………………………………………………….3

 

            REVISION RECORD………………………………………………………………3

 

           1 PURPOSE………………………………………………………………………….5

 

           2 FSB COMPOSITION……………………………………………………………..5

 

           3 BACKGROUND…………………………………………………………………..5

 

           4 APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT……………………………………………...6

 

           5 PILOT “TYPE RATING” REQUIREMENTS………………………………….6

 

           6 “MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS”(MCRS)…………………………..6

 

           7 “MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDRS)………………………7

 

           8 ACCEPTABLE “OPERATORS DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS”………..7

 

           9 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING……………………………………...7

 

           10 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING…………………………………...7

 

           11 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY…………………………………..7

 

           12 AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST……………….7

 

           13 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS…………….8

 

           14 ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT…………...8

 

           APPENDIX 1 – TRAINING PROGRAM SPECIAL EMPHASIS ITEMS……..9

 

           APPENDIX 2 – APPROVED DC-10-10/-30 AERIAL FIREFIGHTING

            DIFFERENCES TRAINING…………………………………………………..…..10

 

 

 

 

 

                                                          HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

 

 

Effective this date, the DC-10-10 FSB Report has been revised. This revision adds the DC-10-30 Series Airplane to the existing report. Revised areas are annotated by change bars.

 

The following Sections of this report have been amended:

 

.  SECTION 1        PURPOSE

 

.  SECTION 3        BACKGROUND

 

.  SECTION 5        PILOT “TYPE RATING” REQUIREMENTS

 

.  SECTION 6        “MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS” (MCRS)

 

.  SECTION 9         FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

.  APPENDIX 1      TRAINING PROGRAM SPECIAL EMPHASIS

 

.  APPENDIX 2     DC-10-10/-30 AERIAL FIREFIGHTING DIFFERENCES TRAINING

 

                                                    
                                                               

REVISION RECORD

 

 

Revision No.                           Section                                    Page#                                      Date

Original                                   All                                           All  (1-9)                             30 November, 2006

 

     1                                   All                                            All  ( 1-9)                            12 November, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1        PURPOSE

 

The primary purpose of this report is to specify FAA training, checking and currency requirements applicable to crews operating the DC-10-10/-30 Tanker aircraft, listed on its type certificate as a DC-10-10/-30.  FAR Parts 119, 121 and 135 do not apply to the DC-10-10/-30 tanker, but it may be operated under Part 137.  This report can help Part 137 Operators in the development of their training programs and FAA Principal Operations Inspectors (POIs) in the administration of the knowledge and skills tests required by Part 137.19 (e).  Provisions of this report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent FSB determinations.

 

Relevant acronyms are defined as follows:

 

AC                       Advisory Circular

ACO                    Aircraft Certification Office

AFM                    Airplane Flight Manual

AP                       Autopilot

ATP                    Airline Transport Pilot

CHDO                Certificate Holding District Office

MMEL                Master Minimum Equipment List

FSB                     Flight Standardization Board

FTD                    Flight Training Device

POI                     Principal Operations Inspector

PTS                     Practical Test Standards

 

 

2       FSB COMPOSITION

 

Otis Tolbert                                 Chairman                          LGB-AEG 3960 Paramount Blvd,

                                                                                              Lakewood, CA 90712-4137

 

3     BACKGROUND

 

The DC-10-10 Tanker aircraft is a low wing, three engine aircraft which was certificated under FAR  Part 21.3.  The tanker configuration consists of a canoe shaped area attached to the bottom of the fuselage that is approximately 750 inches long, 80 inches wide at the top (15 inches wide at the bottom) and 78 inches deep.  The total capacity of the tanks is approximately 11,800 gallons.  Control of the fire fighting system is through a control panel located on the Second Officers panel (divided one for each drop tank) and a drop switch located on the center pedestal that is used for Normal and Emergency operations.  In December, 2005, 10 Tanker STC LLC requested that the FAA conduct an AEG operational evaluation of the DC-10-10 Tanker which is required prior to operations in the U.S. The DC-10-10 Tanker was flown by the FSB board to determine if there were significant control differences between the base line DC-10-10 and the

DC-10-10 Tanker and the board determined that there were none.  It was determined that no additional type rating is required.

 

On August 29, 2008 10-Tanker-STC, LLC applied for amendment of STC ST01870LA-T to add a modified DC-10-30 series aircraft.  The DC-10-30 Fire Fighting external tanks modifications are the same as those made to the DC-10-10 aircraft under FAA project ST12961LA-T with the exception of a few design improvements to the tanks. Additionally, two emergency drop buttons are positioned on the outboard handles of each yoke to provide the pilots with immediate ability to jettison the retardant if deemed necessary. On March 14, 2008 a Flight Standardization Board (FSB) for the Boeing DC-10-30 aircraft was established to conduct an operational evaluation of the aircraft to determine type rating requirements, specify required training, and review and finalize proposed Master Minimum Equipment List (MMELs).  The flight evaluation occurred on November 6, 2008 in Victorville, California. The DC-10-30 aircraft was evaluated during ground and flight operations. The board conducted partial, metered, and emergency drop evaluations at the maximum approved operating weights for the DC-10-30, at an altitude of three-hundred feet above the ground (AGL) and at an indicated airspeed of one-hundred and fifty knots. It was determined by the board that the DC-10-30 ground and flight handling characteristics are the same as the base line DC-10-10, therefore no additional type rating is required by the flight crew.

     

 

 

 4   APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT 

 

The guidelines in this report apply to:  Aviation Safety Inspectors, Designated Pilot Examiners, Certificated Flight Instructors, Certificated Ground Instructors and Pilot proficiency Examiners.

 

 

5   PILOT “TYPE RATING” REQUIREMENTS

 

The pilot type rating for the DC-10-10/-30 Tanker is the same as that for the base line DC-10-10.  Therefore, credit may be given for training, checking, and currency.

 

 

6   “MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS” (MCRs)

 

LANDING MINIMA – The DC-10-10/-30 Tanker is generally considered Category D aircraft for “Straight – In Approach” weather minima.  Certain DC-10 -10s may be considered Category C if, at their maximum certificated landing weight, 1.3 Vso is less than 141 knots (see the pertinent AFM and FAR 97.3 (b) ).  The DC-10-10/-30 Tanker is considered approach Category D aircraft for “Circling Approach” weather minima unless otherwise permitted or required by applicable operations specifications.

 

NO FLAP APPROACHES – Training for and demonstration of approaches with no slats and normal flaps, no flaps and normal slats, and no slats or flaps is appropriate for the DC-10-10/-30 Tanker.

 

 

 

 

7    MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

 

Not  Applicable

 

8   ACCEPTABLE “OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS” (ODRs) TABLE

 

  Not Applicable

 

 

9    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Crewmembers selected to fly the DC-10-10/-30 Tanker will be required to complete initial DC-10-10 transition training in accordance with FAR 121.424 or SFAR 58 (AQP) from an approved FAA 142 school and maintain currency in accordance with FAR 121 standards.  Those crewmembers chosen to fly the DC-10-10/-30 Tanker will receive difference and water drop training as accepted by the Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group’s DC-10-10/-30 Flight Standardization Board and approved by an operator’s POI.  See Appendix 1 for a list of Training Program Special Emphasis Items.

 

 

10   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Testing, Checking, and Evaluations specified by Part 61.58, Part 61.155,, Part 61.157, and FAA Practical Test Standards apply.

 

The following Specific Flight Characteristics must be demonstrated by all crewmembers at each proficiency/competency check:

 

1)Proficiency in aerial dropping

2)Maneuvering in medium bank turns (heavy weights/dirty configuration)

3)Maneuvering in mountainous terrain at low altitudes

 

 

11   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency will be maintained, or re-established, in accordance with Parts 61.57 and 61.58.

 

 

 

12   AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

The FSB was not provided with an Operating Rules Compliance Checklist to evaluate, therefore it is the responsibility of the CHDO to review operator’s compliance with pertinent rules or policies

 

 

13   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICE AND SIMULATORS

 

Device and simulator characteristics are designated in AC 120-40 and 120-45 (as amended).  The acceptability of differences between devices, simulators, and aircraft must be addressed by the POI.  Request for device approval should be made to the POI.  The POI may approve those devices for that operator if their characteristics clearly meet the established FAA criteria and have been approved by the National Simulator Program (NSP).

 

 

14 ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT

 

The FSB chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed.  Alternate means of compliance must be approved by AFS-200, Washington Headquarters.  If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstration, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

In the event that alternate compliance is sought, training program hour reductions, simulator approvals, and device approvals may be significantly limited and reporting requirements may be increased to ensure an equivalent level of training, checking, and currency.  The FAA will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance means unless sufficient lead time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 1 – TRAINING PROGRAM SPECIAL EMPHASIS

 

The FSB has identified several aircraft systems and/or procedures that should receive special emphasis in a DC-10-10/-30 Tanker Training Program:

 

 

FLIGHT TRAINING:

 

 

1) Crosswind takeoffs and landings.

2) Maneuvering in medium bank turns with full dispersant loads.

3) Aircraft Flight Characteristics/Handling changes that occur as a result of Center of Gravity Changes.

4) Operations in mountainous terrain at low speeds/altitudes.

5) Overstressing of aircraft (excessive G forces).

6) Operations in reduced visibility (smoke/haze/clouds)

7) Operations over populated areas.

8) Operations in turbulence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX 2 - DC-10-10/-30 Aerial Firefighting Differences Training

 

CLASSROOM TRAINING (4hrs):

 

      TANK SYSTEMS

         . General Description

         .  Electrical System

         .  Hydraulic System

         .  Cockpit Controls

         .  Abnormal Procedures

 

      FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES

         .  Crew Coordination

         .  Communications

         .  Aircraft Performance

         .  Typical Firefighting Mission

         .  Hazards of Mountain Flying

         .  Abnormal/Emergency Procedures

 

      SIMULATOR TRAINING (4hrs)

         .  Aircraft Preflight

         .  Taxi and Takeoff @ 38000#, 15%MAC

         .  Climb to pattern altitude and configure for drop (complete pre-drop checklist)

         .  Descend @ 1500 to 2000 fpm to drop altitude (300 agl)

         .  Simulate drop by shifting weight from 38000 to 28000 pounds and CG from 15% to 26% 

            MAC

         .  Accomplish Post Drop Checklist

         .  Normal Landing

         .  Takeoff with engine failure; during climb perform abnormal checklist

         .  Perform simulated drop @ 300 feet above ground level

         .  Engine failure during go-around, perform abnormal checklist

         .  In-flight restart or engine out landing

 

     RECURRENT TRAINING

         .  Recurrent ground school every 12 months

         .  Captains receive simulator training every nine months

         .  Captains receive line check every twelve months