U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington, D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: Original

Date: 06/22/1993

 

 

 

 

McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP/65/67

 

 

Thomas L Witts

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group

3960 Paramount Blvd., Suite 100

Lakewood, CA 90712-4137

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone:

(562) 627-5317

FAX:

(562) 627-5210

 

 

 

 

 

 

RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

 

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

0 (Original)

All

All

06/22/1993

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

This original McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 FSB Report has been reformatted with no change in content.
CONTENTS

SECTION                                                                                                                PAGE  

       RECORD OF REVISIONS…………………………………………………………. 2

       HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE………………………………………………………. 2

       CONTENTS…………………………………………………………………………. 3

1.    PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY………………………………………………… 4

2.    PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENT………………………………………..... 5

3.    MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR)……………………………… 5

4.    OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES………………… 5

5.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING………………………………………..... 5

6.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING………………………………………… 7

7.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY………………………………………. 9

8.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENT EXPERIENCE………………………….. 9 

9.    AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST…………………….. 9

10    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS…………………. 9

11.  APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT……………………………………………….... 9

12.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE………………………………………. 9

13.  MISCELLANEOUS………...……………………………………………………… 10

APPENDIX 1   MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

                          (MDR) TABLE ……………………………………………………….. 11

APPENDIX 2   SAMPLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

                          (ODR) TABLES ……………………………………………………….12

APPENDIX 3   AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST……………………………13


1.  PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

1.1 This report specifies master training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to crews operating McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 aircraft under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, 125, and 135.  Provisions of this report:

a)    Identify the pilot "type rating" assigned to the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67,

b)    Describe any unique requirement applicable to initial, differences or recurrent training,

c)    Describe “Master Difference Requirements (MDR)” for flight crews requiring differences qualification for mixed-fleet-flying or differences, if applicable,

d)  Provide examples of Operator Difference Requirements (ODR) tables, if applicable,

e)    Describe acceptable training program and training device characteristics when necessary to establish compliance with applicable regulations, and MDR tables, if applicable.

f)      Identify checking and currency standards to be applied by the FAA or operators and,

g)    Provide a listing of regulatory compliance status (compliance checklist) for part 91, 125, & 135, Advisory Circulars (AC), and other operationally related criteria.

1.2 This report addresses McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 aircraft as specified in FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) # A-669.

1.3 The provisions of this Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent revisions to this report.

1.4 Determinations made in this report are based on the evaluations of a McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 aircraft equipped in a given configuration and in accordance with current regulations and guidance. Modifications and differences made to the model described herein, or introduction of new related aircraft, may require amendment of the findings in this report. The FSB reserves responsibility/authority to re-evaluate and modify sections of this report based on new or revised AC or revisions to part 91, 125, & 135, aircraft operating experience, or the testing of new or modified aircraft under the provisions of AC 120-53, Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations, as revised.

1.5 Terminology. The term "must" is used in this FSB report even though it is recognized that this report provides one acceptable means, but not necessarily the only means of compliance with part 91, 125, and 135 requirements. This terminology acknowledges the need for operators to fully comply with this FSB report and MDR and ODR provisions, if applicable, if AC 120-53 is to be used by the operator as the means of complying with part 91, 125 and 135 requirements.

1.6 This report includes:

a)    Minimum training, checking, and currency requirements for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) field offices to use for approving operator programs (e.g. MDRs, Type Rating designations, etc.),

b)    General advisory information which may be approved for that operator (e.g. MDR footnotes, ODR tables), and

c)    Information which is used to facilitate FAA review of an aircraft type or related aircraft that is proposed for use by an operator (e.g. compliance checklist).

1.7 Acronyms within this report are defined as follows:

AC                  Advisory Circular

AFM               Airplane Flight Manual

AQP                Advanced Qualification Program

FAA                Federal Aviation Regulation

FSB                 Flight Standardization Board

MDR               Master Differences Requirements

ODR               Operator Differences Requirements

POI                 Principal Operations Inspector

SFAR              Special Federal Aviation Regulation

TCDS              Type Certificate Data Sheet

14 CFR           Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations

2.  PILOT "TYPE RATING" REQUIREMENTS

2.1  In accordance with the provisions of the 14 CFR part 61, FAA Order 8900.10, and AC 120-53, a new pilot type rating is assigned to the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 aircraft and is designated “DC-3TP ”

2.2 In that this is a new pilot type rating, the FSB did not evaluate, and does not allow for any training credits, checking credits, currency credits, landing currency credits, or proving test credits (except that which is permitted by § 135.145) between the DC-3TP 65/67 and any other similar type aircraft from McDonnell Douglas.

3.  "MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" (MDR)

3.1 Requirements for particular DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 Variant Combinations. 

MDRs for variants of the DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 are shown in Appendix 1.  These provisions apply when differences between variants exist which affect crew knowledge, skills, or abilities (e.g., Level A or greater differences).

3.2 MDR NOTES.  Notes relating to MDR requirements define acceptable "required means" or "alternate means" of compliance.

4.  OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

4.1 Reserved.

5.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

5.1 General

5.1.1 DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 individual programs. Numerous training programs for any one DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 variant alone are already FAA approved.  Principal Inspectors of operators initially introducing a DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 may approve programs consistent with programs previously approved for any one variant.

For information regarding previously approved programs, FAA Principal Inspectors of other existing DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 operators may be consulted.  In the event of uncertainty regarding evaluation of a proposed program, the FSB should be consulted.

5.1.2 Hazardous Weather/Winter Operations.  Proper precautions and procedures regarding hazardous weather/winter operations which may be unique to DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 aircraft should be addressed.  For example, topics such as rudder effectiveness and braking characteristics when stopping on slippery runways, flight characteristics of the DC-3TP with ice buildup on the leading edge of the wing, potential top surface wing icing due to cold fuel, and other topics are appropriate for incorporation in training programs.

5.2 Pilots Initial, Upgrade, or Transition Training

5.2.1 McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 ground training is accomplished as specified by § 135.345 and Areas of Emphasis identified in paragraph 5.5.

5.2.2 McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 flight training is accomplished as specified by §§ 121.419, 135.347 and Areas of Emphasis identified in paragraph 5.5. Initial, transition, or upgrade ground training for either the DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 or both is accomplished in accordance with part 121,135 and Special Feral Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 55 (Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) SFAR).  No unique provisions or requirements are specified.  However, when more than one variant is flown, or transition from one variant to another is accomplished, appropriate instruction in systems differences will be required for each variant, consistent with MDR provisions.

5.2.3 Crew Emergency Training, § 121.417 or § 135.331.  Appropriate emergency training must be given to each crew on the location, type, function, and operation of emergency equipment that is different in each variant of the DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67.

Training may be accomplished by pictures or videotape if, prior to line operation, adequate knowledge of equipment use is demonstrated to an authorized representative of the operator for that variant in a static aircraft.

5.2.4 Seat Dependent Tasks training.

The FSB has not found any seat dependent tasks for the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67.

5.3 Differences Training (§ 135.347).

5.3.1 Mixed flying of Passenger, Combo, and Freighter Variants.  Within the same variant group (eg. DC-3TP passenger and freighter configurations) may require compliance with additional MDR footnote limitations (e.g., A/A/B).  This is appropriate due to differences in doors, fire protection provisions, emergency evacuation, and other areas. Prior to part 121 or 135 use of DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 "combi" variants, Principal Operations Inspectors (POI) must coordinate "designated fire fighter" training requirements with the FSB.

5.4 Recurrent Training

5.4.1 Recurrent Ground Training must include appropriate training in accordance with §§ 121.427, 135.351 and Areas of Emphasis in paragraph 5.5 for each variant group.  Recurrent training must be in accordance with the items and levels specified by MDR tables for initial differences training, unless otherwise approved by the FSB.

The FSB will consider proposals to establish recurrent differences training at levels other than for the initial differences training on a case by case basis.  Requests for changes should be made to the FSB through the POI.  If the FSB accepts different levels for recurrent training, and AFS-200 approves those changes, such provisions are identified in amended MDR footnotes.

5.4.2 Recurrent Flight Training must include appropriate training in accordance with § 135.351 and Areas of Emphasis in paragraph 5.5.

5.5   Areas of Emphasis.  There have been no Areas of Interest Identified.

5.5.1 Reserved.

5.5.2 Reserved.

5.5.3 Flight Attendants: Initial and Transition Ground Training, §§ 121.421 and 135.349.  Due to similarities in cabin configuration, flight attendants may be jointly qualified in DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 aircraft.  Such qualification, however, must address any differences in doors, communications, and emergency equipment when common qualification applies.

5.5.4 Aircraft Dispatchers, Initial and Transition, §§ 121.422 or 135.79.  POIs assure that operators have complied with §§ 121.422 or 135.79 for the DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 as follows:  Dispatchers may be simultaneously qualified for DC-3TP and DC-3TP65/67 variants.  However, if variants have different performance, procedures, or limitations, dispatchers must be trained to suitably address those differences.  Records should be kept for each variant in which dispatchers are qualified.

5.5.5 Reserved

5.6 Specific Flight Characteristics for training. (See Section 6 for checking requirements)

     All items listed in paragraph 5.5

6.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

6.1 General

6.1.1 Checking items. Knowledge, procedures, and maneuvers specified by part 61 Appendix A, part 121 Appendix F pertinent to multi-engine turboprop transport aircraft, part 135 and Practical Test Standards as applicable and Specific Flight Characteristics in paragraph 5.6 apply to all DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 variants.

6.2 Type Ratings

6.2.1   Oral and Written Tests.  Unless otherwise specified, an oral or written portion of a type rating practical test need only address the variant(s) to be flown or to be used for conduct of the test.

6.2.2 Practical Test.  Airmen may complete the necessary type rating practical test of part 61 Appendix A in any DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 variant for issuance of a "DC-3TP" pilot type rating.

6.2.2.1 Before airmen serve as pilot-in-command (PIC) under part 121 or 135 in a variant group other than that in which a type rating practical test was completed, differences checks in accordance with MDR provisions must be completed:

a)    That shows satisfactory evidence that prior to serving as PIC of a DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 of a different variant group, differences qualification equivalent to that specified for part 121 (e.g., compliance with MDRs) will be completed, or

b)    That a check in accordance with § 61.58 will be completed in the variant(s) to be flown.

6.2.3 Application For and Issuance of Type Ratings. Airmen completing the pertinent part 61 Appendix A requirements in either a DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 in accordance with FSB requirements described in this report, may apply to FAA for the appropriate DC-3TP type rating endorsement.  Upon completion of required tests, and submission of an application, FAA Form 8710-1), Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, located on FAA.gov under Forms, authorized FAA inspectors may issue the necessary pilot certificate with type rating.

6.3 Proficiency Checks

6.3.1 General. Proficiency checks are administered as designated in § 121.441, part 121 Appendix F or § 135.297 for particular DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 variant group.  Each check should assess knowledge and acceptable levels of skill, considering the variant flown and crew position.

6.3.2 Proficiency Checks in Lieu of Training.  Satisfactory completion of a proficiency check may be substituted for recurrent flight training as permitted in § 121.433(c).

6.3.3 Proficiency checks regarding § 61.58 which do not pertain to part 121.  Proficiency checks which may be required in accordance with § 61.58, but do not pertain to part 121 or 135 operations, should be administered using the same variant, or a variant within the same group as the aircraft intended to be flown.

6.4 Line Checks, §§ 121.440 or 135.299.  Line checks completed for either a DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 may satisfy requirements for both aircraft.

6.5 Authorized FAA Inspectors or Check Airmen.  For the purposes of airmen certification, authorized FAA inspectors, or check airmen are those having completed appropriate qualification in either a DC-3TP or DC- 3TP65/67 and are familiar with the variant(s) to be flown.

6.5.1 If differences training for either the DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67 variant groups have not been satisfactorily completed, FAA inspectors, designated examiners or check airmen may conduct checks only for the variant group in which qualification had been completed (DC-3TP or DC-3TP65/67)

6.5.2 Check airmen assigned to DC-3TP, DC-3TP65/67, or both variants for purposes of supervision of IOE under §§ 21.434 or 135.299 should have completed at least 2 flight segments or 2 takeoffs and landings in the respective variant  group(s) for which they will serve as check airman. 

7.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

The FSB has found no specific currency requirements for the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67, other than those already specified in part 61 and 135.

8.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENT EXPERIENCE

The FSB has found no additional recent experience requirements for the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67, other than those already specified in part 61 and 135.

9.  AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

9.1 Regulatory Compliance Checklist (see Appendix 3).

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

The FSB has found no unique or specific device or simulator requirements for the McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67.

11.  APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

11.1 All McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 operators are subject to the provisions of this report.  This report becomes effective on the date of approval (see the Cover Page or Record of Revisions page).

11.2 All FAA Approved Training Programs must incorporate the latest FAA Approved AFM Procedures, AFM checklists, manufacturer’s recommendations for training maneuvers and all provisions of this report.

12.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

12.1 Alternate means of compliance to the requirements of this report must be approved by the FSB. If alternate compliance is sought, operators must show that the proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 (as amended) and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation or other evidence may be required.

12.2 Equivalent Safety - Significant restrictions may apply in the event alternate compliance is sought, and the reporting requirements may be increased to ensure equivalent safety.  FAA will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance unless sufficient lead-time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

12.3 Interim Programs - In the event of clearly unforeseen circumstances in which it is not possible for an operator to comply with provisions of this report, the operator may seek an interim program approval rather than a permanent alternate compliance method.  Financial arrangements, scheduling adjustments and other such reasons are not considered “unforeseen circumstances” for the purposes of this provision. Interim program approvals must be approved by the FSB Chairman.


13.  MISCELLANEOUS

13.1 Landing Minima Categories, ref § 97.3.  The McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 is considered Category B aircraft for the purposes of determining "straight-in landing weather minima.

13.2 Forward Observer Seat - The McDonnell Douglas DC-3TP 65/67 forward observer seat is part of the type certificated design. The FSB evaluated the Forward Observer Seat using the criteria in AC 120-83, Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment, and found that it is operationally suitable for  §§ 125.317(b) and 135.75(b).


APPENDIX 1

 

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

                   DC-3TP / DC-3TP65 / DC-3TP67

 

Type Rating

DC-3TP

FROM AIRCRAFT (BASE AIRCRAFT)

 

DC-3TP 65

DC-3TP 67

 

T

O

 

A

I

R

C

R

A

F

T

 

DC-3TP

A/A/A

A/A/A

 

 

NOTE:  Each cell of the MDR identifies the minimum training, checking, and currency requirement applicable to mixed fleet flying or transitioning between the referenced aircraft pair.

Level A Training.  Level A difference training is that training applicable to functionally equivalent aircraft which can adequately be addressed through self instruction by a crew member.  Level A training represents knowledge requirement such that, once appropriate information is provided, understanding and compliance can be assumed to take place.

Level A compliance typically is achieved by methods such as issuance of  "operating manual" page revisions, or dissemination of flight crew "operating  bulletins" or "differences handouts" to describe minor differences in aircraft.


 

APPENDIX 2

 

 

SAMPLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

 

 

This section is reserved for future related aircraft.

APPENDIX 3


 

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

 

Not Accomplished