U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: 2

Date: 05/20/2012

 

 

 

 

EADS CASA 235/295

CN-235-100, -200, -300

CASA C-295

 

Gary Larsen

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Seattle Aircraft Evaluation Group

1601 Lind Ave SW

Renton, WA 98057

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone:

(425) 917-6626

FAX:

(425) 917-6638


 

RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

 

Revision Number

Sections

Date

0 (Original)

 

 

1

Addition of C-295

03/20/2000

2

Update of FSB Report to AC 120-53A standards, and addition of CN-235-300 aircraft

05/20/2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  CONTENTS

 

PART I – C-235-100, -200, -300 AND C-295 TRAINING, CHECKING, AND CURRENCY REQUIREMENTS

 

                            SECTION                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PAGE

 

          1.         PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY                                                                                                                                                                           3

 

          2.         PILOT "TYPE RATING" REQUIREMENTS                                                                                                                                               5

         

          3.         "MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" (MDRs)                                                                                                           5

 

          4.         ACCEPTABLE "OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" TABLES                                       6

 

          5.         FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING                                                                                                                                                     7

 

          6.         FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING                                                                                                                                                   11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7.      FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENCY OF EXPERIENCE                                                     13

 

          8.         AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST                                                                                                                                                     13

 

          9.         FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS                                                                                 14

 

          10.     APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT                                                                                                                                                                               14

 

          11.     ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE                                                                                                                                                 15

 

12.   APPENDICES                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15

 

          APPENDIX 1 – MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR TABLE)                                                   16

          APPENDIX 2 – ACCEPTABLE ODR TABLES                                                                                                                                                     18

APPENDIX 3 – OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS CN235-200                                   RETROFITTED TO CN-235-300G “GLASS COCKPIT”

AVIONICS IAW STC 02887CH                                                                                                                                             25

          APPENDIX 4 - AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST                                                                                                                       34

 

 


1.   PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

 

1.1                  Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report Specifications. The basic FSB report specifies FAA master training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to crews operating EADS CASA CN-235-100, CN-235-200, and CN-235-300, and C-295 aircraft operated under 14 CFR Parts 121 and 135.  

 

NOTE: For the purposes of the FSB Report, the term “CN-235-variants” shall mean EADS CASA CN-235-100, CN-235-200, and CN-235-300 aircraft as designated in FAA Type Certification Data Sheet (TDCS) A21NM.

 

The amendment being added to the basic FSB Report with this Revision, specifies FAA training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to crews operating EADS CASA CN-235-200 aircraft, which have been retrofitted IAW STC 02887CH, to replace the previous avionics suite, with an avionics suite consisting of a Universal Avionics EFI 890R Electronic Flight Display System with Integrated Engine Display System ( IEDS).   The FSB Report shall hereafter refer to Aircraft so retrofitted as “CN-235-300G, with “G” signifying “Glass Cockpit.”

 

As detailed in Appendix 3, the FSB has determined that, IAW AC 120-53A , CN-235-300G aircraft retrofitted with Universal EFI 890/IEDS qualify for Level C Training, Checking and Currency.   Accordingly, pilots operating the CN-235-300G fall under the Same Pilot Type Rating “C-295.”

 

Various sections within the report are qualified as to whether compliance is required (considering the provisions of AC 120-53A ), recommended, or advisory in nature. Provisions of the report:

 

  1. Identify a Same Pilot Type Rating assigned to CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G and C-295 aircraft;

 

  1. Describe “Master Difference Requirements” for crews requiring differences qualification for mixed-fleet-flying or transition,

 

  1. Provide examples of acceptable “Operator Difference Requirements (ODR)” tables,

 

  1. Describe acceptable training program and device characteristics when necessary to establish compliance with pertinent MDRs,

 

  1. Identify checking and currency standards including specification of those checks that must be administered by FAA or operators,

 

  1. List regulatory compliance status (compliance checklist) for the CN-235-variants and C-295 aircraft for CFRs Part 91 , 121 , and 125 , Advisory Circulars, or other operational criteria for information of FAA field offices.

1.2   This report addresses CN-235-variants (CN-235-100, -200 and -300), and the C-295 as specified in the FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet (TDCS) A21NM.

 

1.3     The provisions of this FSB report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent revisions to this report.

 

1.4   FSB Responsibility/Authority. Determinations made in this report are based on the evaluations of specific CN-235-variants, CN-235G, and C-295 aircraft models equipped in a given configuration and in accordance with current regulations and guidance. Modifications and upgrades made to the models described herein, or introduction of other related aircraft, may require amendment of the findings in this report. The FSB reserves responsibility and authority to re-evaluate and modify sections of this report based on new or revised Advisory Circular material, pertinent CFRs, aircraft operating experience, or the testing of new or modified aircraft under the provisions of AC 120-53A .

 

1.5   AQP/FSB Report Relationship.   Differences between this report and an operator’s proposed training, checking, and currency requirements under an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) must be justified and documented as part of the applicant’s AQP approval process. Program approvals under AQP need to ensure the basic provisions and requirements of this report have been addressed, and where necessary, coordination with the appropriate Flight Standardization Board has been completed.

 

1.6   Terminology. The term "must" is used in this FSB report and certain MDR footnotes, even though it is recognized that this report (as well as AC 120-53A , on which it is based) provides one acceptable means, but not necessarily the only means of compliance with CFR requirements. This terminology acknowledges the need for operators to fully comply with this FSB report and MDR and ODR provisions if AC 120-53A is to be used by the operator as the means of complying with the pertinent CFRs. Operators who choose this method must comply with each applicable MDR provision, including any footnotes.

 

1.7   FSB Report Comprehensiveness. This report includes:

 

  1. Minimum requirements for approval by FAA field offices, (e.g., MDRs, type rating designations, etc.),

 

  1. Information which is advisory in general, but may be mandatory for particular operators if the designated configurations apply and if approved for that operator (e.g. MDR footnotes, acceptable ODR tables), and

 

  1. Information which is used to facilitate FAA review of an aircraft type or related aircraft proposed for the use by an operator (e.g. compliance checklist for FAA Field Office use).

 

Various sections of this report are qualified as to whether compliance (considering the provisions of FAA Advisory Circular AC-120-53A) is required, or is advisory in nature.

 

 

 

2.   PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENTS

 

2.1   Type Rating. The “Same Pilot Type Rating" is assigned to CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft and is designated "C-295."

 

2.2   Second-In-Command (SIC) Type Rating. In accordance with the provisions of the pertinent CFR, FAA Order 8900.1 and AC 120-53A , a SIC type rating is assigned to the C-295 and is designated “C-295” with Limitations for “C-295 SIC Privileges Only”.

 

3.   "MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" (MDRs)

 

3.1.   Common Requirements (CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft).

 

3.1.1.   Autopilot Engage/Disengage Altitude. The Minimum altitudes for use of autopilot on CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft are as specified in the regulations under which it is being operated (i.e., 14 CFR parts 121.579 , or 135.93 ).  

 

3.1.2   Aircraft Approach Category and Circling Minima:

 

a.                      CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft are considered Category B aircraft for the purposes of determining "straight-in landing weather minima."

 

b.                  For circling, the aircraft approach category to be used for determining the circling minima is as specified in the Operations specifications for each operator.

 

3.1.3   Normal "Final Landing Flap Setting." The normal "final landing flap setting" per 14 CFR FAR § 91.126(c) , is considered to be "Flaps LANDING” (23 degrees) for all CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft.   However, "Flaps APPROACH"(15 degrees) may be used at crew's discretion considering winds, runway length, runway braking, or other relevant factors.

 

3.1.4      "No Flap Approach." Training and checking applicable to CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft requires demonstration of "no flap" approaches. Completion of a demonstration in any CN-235 variants, CN-235-300G, or the C-295 suffices for any other CN-235 variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295.

 

3.1.5     Flight Control Disconnection. Initial and Recurrent Training Programs for the CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft shall include demonstration of Approaches and Landings with roll control and pitch control chains disconnected (not simultaneously). Training in any CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or the C-295 suffices for any other CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295.

 

3.1.5     No other special or unique requirements common to all CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295s are identified beyond those provided by 14 CFR Parts 61 , 91 , and 121 , 135 , or 125 .

 

 

3.2   Master Difference Requirements.

 

3.2.1   Requirements (MDRs) for CN-235-variants and C-295 aircraft. MDRs are shown in Appendix 1. These provisions apply when differences between CN-235-variants and C-295 aircraft exist which affect crew knowledge, skills, or abilities related to flight safety (e.g., Level A or greater differences).  

 

3.2.2 MDR Footnotes. Footnotes to MDR requirements define acceptable "required means" or "alternate means" of compliance. A footnote can indicate requirements that are less restrictive than the basic designation, or more restrictive than the basic designation depending on the significance of the differences between particular related aircraft.

 

4.   ACCEPTABLE "OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" TABLES

 

4.1   ODR tables - Used to Show an Operator's Compliance Method. Acceptable Operator Difference Requirements (ODR) tables for operators conducting mixed fleet operations, using particular combinations of CN-235-variants and C-295 aircraft are shown in Appendix 2. The ODR tables represent an acceptable means to comply with MDR provisions for this combination of aircraft, based on differences and compliance methods shown. The tables do not necessarily represent an acceptable means of compliance for operators with aircraft having other differences, where compliance methods (e.g., devices or simulators) are different, or for combinations of aircraft not evaluated. For operators flying CN-235-variants and C-295 aircraft, which are the same as the aircraft used for the ODR table development and using the same compliance methods, the ODR tables in Appendix 2 have been found acceptable by the FAA. Thus, equivalent tables may be approved by the POI for a particular operator.

 

4.2   Operator Preparation of ODR Tables. Operators flying “mixed-fleet” CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G and C-295 aircraft must have approved ODR tables. Operators flying CN-235-variants and C-295 aircrafts similar to those covered by the acceptable ODR tables shown in Appendix 2 may use those tables. Operators with differences not shown on, or addressed by the tables of Appendix 2, or operators seeking different means of compliance, must prepare and seek FAA approval of specific ODR tables pertinent to their fleet.

 

4.3 ODR Table Coordination. Unless identical or equivalent ODR tables have been previously approved by the FAA, new ODR tables proposed by operators should be coordinated with their POI and the FSB prior to FAA approval and implementation. By coordination, the FSB ensures consistent treatment of CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft between various operators, and compatibility of each ODR table with MDR provisions.

 

4.4   ODR Table Distribution. Original approved ODR tables are retained by the operator. Copies of approved ODR tables are retained by the Certificate Holding District Office (CHDO). Copies should also be forwarded to the EADS CASA CN-235 and/or C-295 FSB Chairman, Seattle AEG (SEA-AEG).

 

 

 

 

5.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

5.1   General.

 

5.1.1   Assumptions Regarding Airmen Previous Experience. The provisions of this section apply to programs for airmen who have experience in both 14 CFR Part 121 or Part 135 air carrier operations, and multi-engine transport category turboprop aircraft.  For airmen not having this experience, additional requirements may be appropriate as determined by the POI, FSB, and AFS-200.

 

5.1.2   Training for Seat Dependent Tasks. Accomplishment of certain tasks, procedures, or maneuvers requires training of a crewmember for a particular crew position (e.g. captain, first officer, check airman, etc.). Training programs should recognize and address the necessary seat/position related tasks for the applicable crewmember. Accordingly, training programs should address seat dependent tasks or maneuvers to the extent necessary to satisfy crew qualification objectives and should be in accordance with ODR tables, when applicable.

 

5.1.3   Second-In-Command Training Tasks. Flight Crews qualify to serve as SIC must accomplish certain tasks, procedures or maneuvers for the SIC crew position. Training programs should address all training elements of the pertinent CFR in accordance with FAA Order 8900.1. SIC pilot type rating may be issued in accordance with the pertinent CFR provided training required by the pertinent CFR and FAA Order 8900.1, including tasks stipulated by this report, are completed.

 

5.2 Initial, Upgrade, or Transition Training

 

5.2.1   Pilots: Initial, Transition and Upgrade Ground Training. Initial, transition, or upgrade ground training for CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 is accomplished as specified by the pertinent CFR. No unique provisions or requirements are specified. However, when more than one CN-235-variant, and/or the CN-235-300G is flown, or transition from one CN-235-variant aircraft to another CN-235 variant aircraft, and/or the CN-235-300G is accomplished, appropriate instruction in unique aircraft systems will be required for each subject aircraft, consistent with MDR provisions. When CN-235 variants and/or the CN-235-300G are flown in mixed-fleet operations with the C-295 aircraft, the appropriate Differences Course will be performed after the completion of training of the first aircraft model.  Training program hours may be reduced as specified in the pertinent CFR, but not in a manner or in areas which invalidate compliance with provisions of the MDRs.

 

5.2.2 Pilots: Initial, Transition, and Upgrade Flight Training. Initial, transition, or upgrade flight training for CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G or C-295 is accomplished as specified by the pertinent CFR. No unique provisions or requirements are specified. When CN-235-variants, and/or the CN-235-300G, are flown in mixed-fleet operations with the C-295 aircraft, the Differences Course will be performed after the completion of training of the first aircraft model. Training program hours may be reduced as specified in the pertinent CFR, but not in a manner or in areas which invalidate compliance with provisions of the MDR or ODR tables.

 

 

5.2.3 Crewmember Emergency Training. Appropriate emergency training must be given to each crewmember on the location, function, and operation of emergency equipment that is different in each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 flown. Where equipment is common, instruction may be adjusted for those crewmembers qualified and current on other CN-

 

235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft, provided records are available which demonstrate that crewmembers meet the pertinent CFR requirements . For example, where elements of interior configurations are common, training may be simultaneously credited for CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft. Conversely, for different emergency equipment, doors, slides, slide/rafts, or other interior configuration elements, even when within the same CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295, training on emergency equipment for each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft is required in accordance with MDRs. Training on the location, type, or operation of this equipment may be accomplished by pictures or electronic media, provided adequate knowledge of its use is demonstrated to an authorized representative of the operator.

 

Emergency training also consists of instruction in crewmember emergency assignments and procedures including crew coordination and communication, the handling of emergency or other unusual situations, and emergency performance and observation drills that are specific to each aircraft flown.

 

IAW CFR Part 121.417 and FAA Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System, emergency training requirements refer to two types of training: “general” and “aircraft specific” emergency training. General emergency training is instruction on those emergency items that are common to the CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft and all aircraft in an operator’s fleet, e.g., instruction on fire extinguishers and fire fighting procedures, if common to all aircraft. Aircraft-specific emergency training is training on those items that are specific to specific CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft. An example of aircraft-specific emergency training is instruction on the location of emergency equipment.

 

As part of an approved training program, an operator may use many methods when conducting aircraft specific emergency training including classroom instruction, pictures or electronic media, ground training devices, Computer-Based Training (CBT), and/or static aircraft training.

 

There is no specified training program hours for Crewmember Emergency Training, however, a chart in FAA Order 8900.1 (Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 4 ) provides “national norms” for the approval of general emergency training program hours related to new hires. The complexity of the different related aircraft flown and the complexity of the type of operations conducted should be considered when approving CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft-specific emergency training.

 

5.2.4   Electronic Checklists. If installed (i.e., CN-235-300G), the electronic checklist (ECL) display system should be utilized to reduce crew workload. Use of the paper backup should also be trained. Standard practices and crew coordination should be established for use of ECL. To reduce workload, line items, which are sensed and indicate “completed” by the ECL system would not normally be read aloud.

 

5.3   Differences Training.

 

5.3.1 General. Unless an initial or transition program is completed for each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft, differences training is necessary as provided in MDR and ODR tables. A training program addressing pertinent differences described by individual operator ODRs, including normal, non-normal, and alternate operations, is required for each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft flown.

 

  1. A Differences Training Program prerequisite is that a trainee has completed initial, upgrade, or transition         training in one CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft, and will receive differences training for the other CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft.

 

b.                  When dealing with CN-235-variants, and/or the CN-235-300G, coverage of differences may be completed coincident with each phase of transition training, as well as following completion of transition training to the first variant.   Differences training between the C-295 aircraft, and CN-235-variants or the CN-235-300G aircraft, must be performed after completion of training of the first aircraft type.   The differences training must be consistent with the provisions of the approved applicable MDR/ODR Tables.    

 

5.3.2                          Ground Training. Differences ground training is required on the topics applicable to the pertinent CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft.

 

5.3.3                          Training is shown by applicable ODR tables in the following subjects:

 

a.                      General description of the aircraft

b.                  Performance characteristics

  1. Powerplant
  2. Airplane Systems (e.g. hydraulics, electrical, and, as applicable, Electronic Flight Display System with Integrated Engine Display System)
  3. Normal, Non-normal, and Alternate Procedures
  4. Warnings and Cautions
  5. Limitations
  6. Other instruction in features unique to the operator’s fleet of CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 airplanes

 

5.3.3   Flight Training. Difference flight training is required in the topics and maneuvers applicable to the pertinent CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft that is shown by applicable ODR tables. For an Advanced Qualification Program (Part 121 Subpart Y), "flight qualification events" must be consistent with items specified by the applicable ODR tables.

 

5.3.4                          Fleets with different Engine and/or Propeller Types. CN-235- variants and the CN-235-300G are equipped with General Electric CT7-9C engines and Hamilton Standard 14RF Propellers.   The C-295 is equipped with Pratt & Whitney PW 127G engines and Hamilton Standard HSD 568F5 Propellers. These aircraft have been evaluated by the FSB, which has determined that training, checking, and currency requirements, as

outlined by this FSB Report and other sources, will provide sufficient parameters for successful operation of this various engine and propeller combinations.

 

5.4   Recurrent Training

 

5.4.1   Recurrent Training. Recurrent training must include appropriate training in accordance with the pertinent CFR, or an approved AQP program, for each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft flown. When recurrent training addresses more than one of these aircraft, the differences must be covered in accordance with the items and levels specified by MDR and ODR tables for initial differences training, unless otherwise approved by the FSB.

 

5.4.2 Recurrent Ground Training Time Reductions. If recurrent ground training is reduced in accordance with 14 CFR Part 121.405 , to below programmed hours specified in CFR Part 121.427(c) , such reductions must be consistent with MDR and ODR table provisions.

 

5.4.3 Recurrent Flight Training. Recurrent flight training requires appropriate maneuvers and procedures identified in the pertinent CFR, or an approved AQP program, for the CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft flown. As permitted by the pertinent CFR, satisfactory completion of a proficiency check, in accordance with the pertinent CFR, may be substituted for training. When ODR table provisions identify differences in maneuvers or procedures between CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft, such differences must be addressed in the operator’s recurrent program.

 

5.4.4   Recurrent Training Level Adjustments. The FSB will consider proposals to establish recurrent differences training at levels other than for the initial differences training, on a case by case basis. Requests for changes should be made to the FSB through the POI. If the FSB accepts different levels for recurrent training, and AFS-200 approves those changes, such provisions will be identified in amended MDR footnotes.

 

5.4.5 For Flight Attendants, recurrent training consists of instruction as necessary in the CN-235-variant and CN-235-300G general operational subjects, as addressed in Paragraph 5.6.2, “Flight Attendants: Initial and Transition Ground Training” and in the CN-235-variant and CN-235-300G aircraft-specific emergency subjects, as addressed in Paragraph 5.2.3, “Crewmember Emergency Training.”

 

NOTE:   In accordance with Type Certification Data Sheet A21NM, the C-295 is certified as a “freighter version,” has no approved maximum passenger seating capacity, and does not require Flight Attendants.

 

5.5 Operating Experience:

 

5.5.1   Operating Experience Pertinent to Each Flight Crewmember. Operating experience must be obtained while serving in a primary crew position.  

 

5.5.2   Separate Operating Experience for Single Fleet Operations. Operating experience a single CN-235-variant, the CN-235-300G, or the C-295 may be accomplished in any CN-235-variant, the CN-235-300G, or the C-295.

5.5.3   Operating experience for Mixed Fleet Flying Operations. Operating experience mixed fleets of CN-235-variants, the CN-235-300G, and/or the C-295 aircraft may be accomplished in any CN-235-variant, the CN-235-300G, or the C-295.

 

5.6   Other Training

 

5.6.1   LOFT Programs. When operators have LOFT programs, POIs should review those programs to assure their suitability for the specific aircraft flown. If simulators used for LOFT have differences from the specific aircraft flown, LOFT credits may be reduced or eliminated if such differences are determined to have a significant adverse effect on the effectiveness of LOFT.

 

5.6.2   Flight Attendants, Initial and Transition Ground Training. Due to similarities in cabin configuration, flight attendants may be jointly qualified in a CN-235-variant and the CN-235-300G.   Such qualification, however, must address any differences in exits, communications, or emergency equipment when common qualification applies.    

 

NOTE:   In accordance with Type Certification Data Sheet A21NM, the C-295 is certified as a “freighter version,” has no approved maximum passenger seating capacity, and does not require Flight Attendants.

 

5.6.3   Aircraft Dispatchers, Initial and Transition. If required by CFR, dispatchers may be simultaneously qualified for all CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft. Provisions of the pertinent CFR are applicable to each CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft. However, if CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 have different performance, procedures, or limitations, dispatchers must be trained to suitably address those differences. Records should reflect the variant(s) on which dispatchers are qualified.

 

6.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

6.1   General.

 

6.1.1 Checking Items. Knowledge, procedures, and maneuvers specified by the applicable CFR, FAA Order 8900.1, or FAA Practical Test Standards (PTS ), pertinent to multi-engine turboprop transport aircraft apply to all CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft.  CFR Part 121 or 135 checking items are accomplished as specified by the applicable MDR and ODR Tables to qualify in CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft.

 

6.1.2 Areas of Emphasis. The following areas of emphasis should be addressed during checks as necessary:

 

a.                      Proficiency with manual and automatic flight must be demonstrated,

b.                  Proper outside visual scans without prolonged fixation on FMS operation should be demonstrated, and failure of component(s) of the FMS should be addressed,

  1. Proper selection and use of map displays, raw data, flight director, and AFDS should be demonstrated, particularly during instrument approaches,
  2. Demonstrations of FMS/GPS navigation (departures and approaches) proficiency if these type operations are approved for the operator,
  3. Demonstration on the use of electronic checklists (ECL) during normal and non-normal procedures (if installed),
  4. Understanding of speed and attitude stability characteristics of CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 flight controls in normal operations,
  5. Proper use and knowledge of the Look ahead Terrain Function of the EGPWS (if installed),
  6. Proper use and knowledge of the Predictive wind shear system (if installed),
  7. Proper use of the Heads Up display (if installed), and
  8. Proper use of the Electronic flight Bag/Flight Deck Video Security System (if installed).

 

 

6.1.3      "No Flap" Approach "No Flap" Approaches during and the pertinent CFR check are required for CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft.

 

6.1.4.   Steep turns, approach to stalls, and manually flown non-precision approaches. Steep turns, approach to stalls and manually flown non-precision approaches are required for CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft and will be demonstrated during and the pertinent CFR check.

 

6.1.5   MMEL/MEL Use

 

Dispatch relief under the provisions of the Operator’s MEL should receive appropriate emphasis as part of the normal checking process in order to address those issues related to crew workload and safety. Since an individual operator may elect to take advantage of the full range of relief provided under the MMEL, Certificate Holding District Offices should closely review specific MEL proposals to ensure that training and checking are sufficient to ensure satisfactory crew performance in both the normal and non-normal flight regimes. MEL relief should be granted only where it can be confirmed that safety will not be compromised as a function of crew experience, qualifications and training. Special attention should be given to checking to ensure that adequate training is provided to address dispatch with systems operated in alternate/degraded modes. Training and checking should also emphasize the crewmember’s ability to cope with the subsequent airborne failure of the next most critical system failure, e.g., failure of one or more features of the autoflight system.

 

6.2   Type Ratings.

 

6.2.1   Oral and Written Tests. Oral examinations for the CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft will be conducted prior to the Practical Test. If qualified in more than one CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft, the oral examination should cover differences between the aircraft.

 

6.2.2   Practical Test. Practical tests may follow standard provisions of the pertinent CFR, or approved Line Operational Evaluation (LOE) provisions of AQP. If AQP LOEs apply, suitable LOEs should be available that are pertinent to the intended operations expected.

 

6.2.3   Application For and Issuance of Type Ratings. Airmen completing pertinent CFR requirements in a CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft. with FSB requirements described in this report may apply to FAA for the appropriate “C-295” type rating endorsement. Upon completion of requirements and submission of an application (FAA Form 8710-1), authorized FAA inspectors or designees may issue the necessary pilot certificate with type rating.

 

6.3      Proficiency Checks.

 

6.3.1   General. Proficiency checks are administered as designated in the pertinent CFR, or IAW an approved AQP program, for CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft, except as specified or permitted by applicable MDR and ODR tables. A proficiency check in a specific CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft suffices to establish proficiency for other CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or -295 aircraft, if initial and recurrent qualification is conducted IAW MDRs and approved ODR tables for that operator. Such checks should assess knowledge and acceptable levels of skill, considering aircraft flown and crew position. When checks are conducted for mixed fleet flying between CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft, one aircraft is typically selected as the base aircraft, and a sufficient number of questions on the other aircraft are covered to ensure effectiveness of differences preparation. The preflight and equipment examination portion of initial and recurrent proficiency checks should address each aircraft operated by the flight crewmember in mixed fleet flying. Satisfactory completion of a proficiency check may be substituted for recurrent flight training as permitted in the pertinent CFR.

 

6.3.3   Alternating Proficiency Checks. For mixed fleet flying between CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft, Proficiency Checks should alternate for PICs and other flight crewmembers. Academic requirements for mixed fleet flying between CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft should include differences between the alternating aircraft.

 

6.4   Line Checks. Line checks completed for any CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and/or C-295 aircraft flown by an operator used, satisfy applicable Line Check requirements.

 

7.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENCY OF EXPERIENCE

 

7.1 Recency of Experience.   Except as provided by applicable ODR Table (i.e., Mixed-Fleet flying of CN-235-200 and CN-235-300G aircraft IAW Appendix 3), Recency of Experience required by the pertinent CFRs may be maintained by accomplishing the required takeoffs and landings in any CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft. Segment currency may be maintained by accomplishing the required segment currency in any CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft.

 

8.               AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

8.1   Compliance Checklist (see Appendix 4).

 

Compliance checklists are provided as an aid to FAA Certificate Holding District Offices (CHDOs) to identify those specific rules or policies for which compliance has already been demonstrated to FAA for an aircraft having a particular aircraft type certificate. The checklist also notes rules or policies which remain to be demonstrated to CHDOs by operators. Not all rules or policies are necessarily listed or addressed. When differences exist between the aircraft evaluated with the compliance checklist and aircraft used by an operator, the CHDO evaluates those differences and approves use of that aircraft if that aircraft provides equivalent compliance with CFR Parts or FAA policies. It remains the responsibility of a Certificate Holding District Office to review compliance with pertinent rules or policies not already satisfactorily addressed in the compliance checklist, prior to CFR Part 121 or 135 approval of an operator for use of particular CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, or C-295 aircraft

 

8.2 Discussion of Specific Compliance Checklist Items

 

8.2.1   CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 Forward Observer Seat. The forward observer seat on all CN-235-variants, the CN-235-300G and C-295 as evaluated, satisfies the requirement relative to FAR 121.581 .

8.2.2 Emergency Evacuation. In accordance with FAA Type Certification Data Sheet No. A21NM, seating capacity of all CN-235-variants, the CN-235-300G, and C-295 does not exceed 44 passengers.   Accordingly, Demonstration of Emergency Evacuation Procedures is not required by CFR.

 

8.2.3   Proving Runs. Initial CFR Part 121 and 135 proving runs in accordance with provisions of the pertinent CFR for the CN-235-variants and C-295 have not been completed by the FSB. Demonstration under the pertinent CFR is required.

 

8.2.3.1 For CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G and C-295 aircraft new to an operator. Proving runs in accordance with the pertinent CFR are appropriate in accordance with FAA Order 8900.1, Vol. 3, Chapter 9 for the CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G and C-295. Credit in the form of proving run time reductions may be given for previous CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G and C-295 experience with that operator, when such previous experience is directly applicable. For example, when C-295s are introduced by an operator already having CN-235-variants in operations, significant credit for the C-295 may be permitted. Proving run requirements and reductions are as designated by FAA Order 8900.1 and the Certificate Holding District Office, or as otherwise specified by the FSB or AFS-200.

 

9.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

9.1   Standard Devices and Simulators. Device and Simulator characteristics pertinent to CN-235-variant, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft are as designated in AC 120-40 and 120-45 (as amended).  

 

10.   APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

 

10.1   Operators of CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft. Relevant parts of this report (e.g. type rating designation, checking maneuvers, etc.,) are effective when the report is approved by the FAA. Sections or paragraphs of this report related to differences (e.g. MDRs, ODRs, etc.) may be voluntarily applied to facilitate transition programs, when approved by the FAA.

10.2   Operators of Mixed Fleets. For Mixed-Fleet-Flying of CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft, unless otherwise approved, operations must be in accordance with relevant provisions of this report, including approved MDR and ODR tables. This includes items in 10.1 above. It is recognized that a time period may be required for operator specific ODR table preparation, device approvals, bulletin issuance, etc. to establish compliance. Accordingly, when ODR tables describing compliance methods for an operator are approved by FAA, interim programs or interim extension of present programs may be made until a mutually agreed compliance date.

 

11.   ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

11.1 Approval Level and Approval Criteria. Alternate means of compliance to differences requirements of pertinent CFRs for the CN-235-variants, CN-235-300G, and C-295 aircraft, other than as specified in provisions of this report or as approved under an AQP, must be approved by the Flight Standards, Air Transportation Division (AFS-200). Any differences petitioned under AQP must be coordinated with AFS-230, the POI, and the FSB. If alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to establish that the proposed alternate means of compliance provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53A , and this FSB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, or other evidence may be required.

 

11.2 Equivalent Safety. In the event alternate means of compliance is sought, training program hour reductions, simulator approvals, and device approvals, may be significantly limited and reporting requirements may be increased to assure equivalent safety. AFS-200 will generally not consider relief by alternate means of compliance unless sufficient lead time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

 

11.3 Interim Programs. In the event unforeseen circumstances make it impossible for an operator to comply with MDR provisions, the operator may seek interim program approval rather than a permanent, alternate compliance method. Financial arrangements, scheduling adjustments, and similar justifications are not considered to be "unforeseen circumstances" for the purposes of this provision.

 

12   APPENDICES

 


APPENDIX 1

 

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS


 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

 

 

AIRPLANE TYPE

RATING: CN-235

FROM AIRPLANE

 

CN-235-100

CN-235-200

CN-235-300

C-295

Pending

 

T

O

 

 

A

I

R

P

L

A

N

E

CN-235-100

A/A/A

(1)(2)

D/D/D

(1)(2)

D/D/D

(1)(2)

D/D/D

(1)

 

 

CN-235-200

D/D/D

(1)(2)

A/A/A

(1)(2)

B/B/B

(1)(2)

D/D/D

(1)

 

 

CN-235-300

D/D/D

(1)(2)

B/B/B

(1)(2)

A/A/A

(1)(2)

D/D/D

(1)

 

 

C-295

D/D/D

(1)

D/D/D

(1)

D/D/D

(1)

AAA

(1)

 

 

 

Notes:

(1)       Installation of TCAS requires a level C training device.

(2)     Installation of FMS requires a level C training device.


 


APPENDIX 2

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

CN-235-100 to CN-235-300 DESIGN OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

DESIGN OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235 100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

DESIGN FEATURE

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

AIRPLANE CONFIGURATION

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

PANEL LAYOUT

 

NO

YES

 

 

C

 

C

C

WEIGHTS

 

YES

YES

 

B

 

 

A

B

POWERPLANT

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

 


CN-235 SYSTEM OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

SYSTEMS OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

SYSTEM

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

21 AIR COND. & PRESSURIZATION

 

NO

NO

A

 

 

 

A

B

22 AUTOFLIGHT

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

24 ELECTRICAL

 

NO

NO

A

 

 

 

A

A

25 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

26 FIRE PROTECTION

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B


CN-235 SYSTEM OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

SYSTEMS OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

SYSTEM

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

27 FLIGHT CONTROLS

 

NO

NO

 

 

 

D

D

D

31 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

28 FUEL

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

29 HYDRAULIC

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

30 ICE & RAIN PROTECTION

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B


CN-235 SYSTEM OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

SYSTEMS OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

SYSTEM

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

32 LANDING GEAR

 

NO

NO

A

 

 

 

A

A

34 NAVIGATION

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

36 PNEUMATICS

 

NO

NO

A

 

 

 

 

 

73, 74, 77, 80 POWERPLANT

 

NO

YES

 

 

C

 

C

C

33 WARNING

 

NO

YES

 

 

C

 

C

C


CN-235 SYSTEM OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

SYSTEMS OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

SYSTEM

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

WINDSHEAR EQUIPMENT

Not Required for Turboprop Aircraft.

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

PERFORMANCE

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

LIMITATIONS

 

NO

NO

 

B

 

 

B

B

IEDS INSTALLATION

POWER PLANT AND VARIOUS INDICATION

WARNING PANEL

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


CN-235 SYSTEM OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

 

MANEUVER OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-100

APPROVED BY (POI):_________________________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

TRAINING

 

 

CHKG/CURR

 

SYSTEM

 

 

REMARKS

 

FLT

CHAR

 

PROC

CHNG

 

LVL

A

 

LVL

B

 

LVL

C

 

LVL

D

 

FLT

CHK

 

CURR

NORMAL TAKEOFF, CLIMB, CRUISE, DESCENT, INSTRUMENT, APPROACHES, LANDING

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

NON-NORMAL MANEUVERS

 

NO

YES

 

 

 

D

D

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

APPENDIX 3

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

CN235-200 RETROFITTED TO CN-235-300G “GLASS COCKPIT” AVIONICS

IAW STC 02887CH

 

1.                  HISTORY

 

The subject aircraft for this Appendix is the EADS CASA CN-235-200 (hereafter referred to as “CN-235-200”), which is retrofitted IAW STC 02887CH to replace the exiting EFIS-85/Non-IEDS avionics suite with a Universal Avionics EFI-890R, Electronic Flight Instrument System.   The airplane, as so modified, is re-designated the “CN 235-300G,” with G signifying “Glass Cockpit.”  

 

The retrofit includes the following installations:

 

a. 4 EFI-890R LCD Flight Displays (2 PFDs & 2 MFDs);

b.   2 Universal UNS-1EW Flight Management Systems (FMS);

c.   2 Universal Avionics Vision-1 Synthetic Vision Systems (SVS);

d.   1 WSI AV-301 Satellite Weather System;

e.   2 Universal Avionics Application Server Units (ASU) - supporting display of Terminal Charts, Satellite Weather, Electronic Checklists;

f.     Universal Avionics Class A Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS);

g.   1 LS GH-3100 Electronic Standby Instrument System (ESIS);

h.   Additional (#2) Collins APC-65 Flight Director/Autopilot System;

i.     Integrated Engine Display System (IEDS);

j.     2 RTU 4220 Remote Tuning Units (RTUs);

k.   2 Digital Attitude & Heading Reference Systems (AHRS);

l.     Digital Air Data Computer System;

m. Fuel Quantity Indicating (integrated into the Integrated Engine Display System (IEDS);

n.   Power Plant (Engine) Indications.

 

NOTE: The Universal Avionics Vision-1 Synthetic Vision Systems (SVS) installed on the CN-235-300G have been evaluated by the FSB as enhancements to information displayed to pilots, only. These systems have not been evaluated for credit in departure, enroute, or approach and landing operations.    

 

 

1.2 FSB COMPOSITION

 

Due to scarcity CASA-qualified FAA pilots, and other commitments by the FSB Chairman and Assistant FSB Chairman, on-site FSB participation in CN-235-200 to CN-235-300G Differences Training consisted one Board Member participant.   This individual was qualified in the CN-235-200, and also served as POI for the applicant operator.   FSB Differences Training took place on September 14, 2011 at the applicant’s facilities in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The FSB Board Member participant was in communication with the FSB Chairman, and Assistant FSB Chairman before, during, and after Differences Training.      

 


1.3 APPLICANT’S PROPOSAL

 

The applicant’s application was prepared IAW the provisions of AC 120-53A .   In it, the applicant suggested that STC 02887CH avionics retrofit from a CN-235-200 to a CN-235-300G primarily affected Flight Instruments presentations, Navigation Equipment, and Flight Director /Autopilot functions, and that Flight Characteristics, Normal/Abnormal or Emergency Procedures, and Aircraft Maneuvers remained identical between the two airplanes.     The FSB concurs with these assessments.

 

The applicant’s application included MCR and ODR Tables which proposed a combination of Level A (Hand-Out) Training for some systems, Level B Training in a CBT for other systems, and Level C Training in a Cockpit Systems Simulator (CSS) for the remaining systems.  

 

The actual FSB Differences Course presented for evaluation by the designated FSB Board Member participant, consisted of the following:

 

  1. Four hours of classroom study of systems differences material, with company instructor(s) present to provide aiding/assisting in explaining or interpreting the material for pilot trainees.   Because the FSB Board Member participant was not afforded an opportunity to absorb material proposed for Level A Training by unaided “self-study,” the FSB determined that the ground school session was more-correctly Level B, Aided Instruction. The applicant concurred, and revised their ODR Table to denote Level B Training for all systems previously proposed for Level A Training.   FSB concurrence with this change is reflected in the ODR Table contained in this Appendix.      

 

  1. Four hours of CSS training, which included 2 hours of familiarization and practice in the systems identified in the proposed ODR Table as requiring Level B (CBT) and Level C (CSS) Training.   It should be noted that unavailability of a CBT-type device precluded the FSB Board Member participant from evaluating the applicant’s proposal that some systems training could be accomplished at Level B using CBT.   Instead, the applicant utilized the Level C CSS to accomplish what it had initially proposed as Level B Training in a CBT.   Accordingly, the FSB specified that the applicant’s ODR Table be revised to denote that all training previously proposed as Level B CBT, be changed to Level C CSS. Systems training originally proposed for Level C-CSS remained unchanged. The applicant agreed, and the ODR Table in this Appendix reflects this change.  

 

 

2.                  TESTS

Per applicant proposal, a T-1 Test was waived. The applicant also proposed that the T-2 Test be waived due to their assessment that the avionics retrofit of from the CN-235-200 to the CN-235-300G did not change flight handling qualities between the two airplanes.   The FSB concurred with the applicant’s assessment, and agreed with their request to waive the T-2 Test.

Based on concurrence with the applicant’s proposed Differences Training could be accomplished at no higher than Training Level C using a C Level Training Device, the FSB agreed to proceed with a T-3 Test following completion of Differences Training. Accordingly, the FSB Board Member participant, who was proficient in the CN-235-200, accomplished pertinent partial proficiency portion of the T-3 Test within two hours in the CSS. He then flew the CN-235-300G airplane for two hours, thus completing the Line Oriented Flying (LOF) portion of the T-3 Test.

3.                  TEST RESULTS

 

With the aforementioned minor changes the Levels of Training and Training Devices noted in the ODR Table, the outcome of the T-3 Test was considered successful   Accordingly, the FSB found that the applicant’s proposal that Level C Differences Training between the CN-235-200 and CN-235-300G was valid.

 

 

4.                  PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

 

The purpose of this report is to specify FAA differences training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to pilots qualified in the CN-235-200 aircraft, who engage in mixed-fleet flying with CN-235-300G aircraft.   This report is intended to assist Principal Operations Inspectors (POI) in the administration of 14 CFR Part 121 , or 135 training programs and to FAA inspectors, Designated Check Airmen, and Pilot Proficiency Examiners in the conduct of practical tests in the CN-235-300G. Advisory Circular 120-53A should be used as a reference for terms such as “T-3 Test” and “Level B and C Training, Checking and Currency Differences” which are used in this report.

 

 

5.                  PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENTS

 

FSB evaluation of applicant proposed Differences Training from a CN-235-200 “Base Aircraft,” to the CN-235-300G, verified that AC 12-53A “Level C Training” is appropriate for CN-235-200-qualified pilots to be trained to proficiently operate the CN-235-300G in 14 CFR Part 135 or 121 operations.   Accordingly, the FSB has determined that CN-235-300G falls under the “Same Pilot Type Rating” of C-295, which also applies to the CN-235-100, CN-235-200, CN-235-300, and C-295 aircraft.

 

 

6.                  MASTER DIFFERNCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

Master Differences Requirements (MDRs) are as depicted in the MDR Table in this Appendix. The “From Airplane” (aka: “Base Aircraft”) depicted in the MDR Table is the CN-235-200. The “To Airplane” represented in the MDR Table is the CN-235-300G. (see below)

 

In summary, the FSB concurred with the applicant’s proposed MDR Table which set Level C Training, Checking, and Currency for CN-235-200 pilots transitioning to the CN-235-300G.       The Note in the MDR Table indicates that the Cockpit Systems Simulator (CSS) utilized by the applicant during FSB Differences Training met the definition of a C Level Training Device, and was found adequate for use in accomplishing C Level Training for CN-235-200 pilots transitioning to the CN-235-300G. If a Cockpit Systems Simulator is unavailable for Differences Training, an electrically-powered, static CN-235-300G airplane can would be acceptable in lieu of a dedicated Level C Training Device.  




 

7.                  ACCEPTABLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR’s)

 

ODR Tables for Differences Training for pilots transitioning from the CN-235-200 to the CN-235-300G are included in this Appendix. They consist of Design, Maneuver, and System Difference Tables. (see below)

 

 

8.                  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Operators Differences Training programs should emphasize the differences in ATA Chapter 22, 23, 28 and 34 and the methods prescribed in the System Difference Table. Where Level C Training is indicated in the ODR Table, a C Level Training Device, such as a Cockpit Systems Simulator (CSS), or if unavailable, an electrically-powered, static CN-235-300G airplane, is the minimum medium for training. System Training for all systems identified in the ODR Table should include, at a minimum, pilot review of the CN-235-200 and CN-235-300G Differences Section of the Pilot’s Operating Manual, aided by Instructor input as necessary.

 

 

9.                  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

The FSB concurs with the applicant’s proposal that Level C “partial proficiency” Checking, utilizing a Level C, or higher, Training Device, is appropriate for CN-235-200 pilots who have completed CN-235-200 to CN-235-300G transition or recurrent Differences Training.

 

 

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

The FSB finds that pilots cross-qualified in both the CN-235-200 and CN 235-300G, should operate the CN-325-300G in line operations at least once each 180 days. Failing that, CN-235-300G currency should be re-established by completing the minimum requirements outlined in the FSB Specifications for Training referenced in this report.

 

 

11.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

System training designated as Level C in the ODR Table, and Level C partial proficiency checking, should be accomplished in a Cockpit Systems Simulator (CSS) meeting at least C Level Training Device standards.   If a CSS the unavailable, an electrically-powered, static CN-235-300G airplane would suffice.

 

 

13. ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

Approval Level and Criteria - Alternate means of compliance to differences requirements of 14 CFR Part 135 , or Part 121 , other than as specified in this report, must be approved by AFS-200. If alternate compliance is sought, operators will be required to establish that any proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53A and this FSB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

 

12. COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Review of the Compliance Checklist found in Appendix 4 was not considered necessary in conjunction with FSB review of the retrofit of the CN-235-200 to the CN-235-300G.   It can be considered that the existing Appendix 4 Compliance Checklist applies equally to the CN-235-300G aircraft.


12.  ACCEPTABLE MDR AND ODR TABLES FOR MIXED FLEET OPERATIONS OF CN-235-200 AND CN-235-300G AIRCRAFT:

 

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE FOR DIFFERENCES TRAINING BETWEEN CN-235-200 AND CN-235-300G AIRCRAFT

AIRPLANE TYPE RATING: CN-235

FROM AIRPLANE

 

CN-235-200

CN-235-300G

T

O

 

A

I

R

P

L

A

N

E

CN-235-200

A/A/A

 

C/C/C

 

 

CN-235-300G

C/C/C

(1)

A/A/A

 

Notes:

(1)              A Cockpit System Simulator (CSS) using actual avionics and associated controls may be used in lieu of the aircraft (if unavailable).

 


DESIGN OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300G

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-200

APPROVED BY (POI):________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

CHECK/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT
CHAR

PROC CHNG

LVL
A

LVL
B

LVL
C

LVL
D

FLIGHT CHECK

CURR

22

Autopilot

Flight Director #2 added:

- Coupled to autopilot

- Status displayed on EFI-890 (PFD)

NO

YES

 

YES

 

 

A

A

23

Communications

Collins control panels replaced with Collins Remote Tuning Unit (RTU 4220):

- VHF Comm

- VHF Nav

- ADF

- Transponder

- TCAS

NO

YES

 

YES

 

 

A

A

28

Fuel

Fuel Quantity Indicating integrated in Integrated Engine Display System (IEDS)

NO

YES

 

YES

 

 

A

A

31

Indicating/Recording

Analog engine indicators integrated in the IEDS

NO

YES

 

YES

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Instruments

Analog instruments replaced with EFI-890:

- Airspeed

- Altimeter

- Vertical Speed

- Attitude Indicator

- Horizontal Situation Ind

- Radio Magnetic Indicator

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

 

A

A

 


 

DESIGN OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300G

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-200

APPROVED BY (POI):________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

CHECK/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT
CHAR

PROC CHNG

LVL
A

LVL
B

LVL
C

LVL
D

FLIGHT CHECK

CURR

34

Flight Instruments

Standby instruments replaced with Emergency Standby Instrument System (ESIS)

- Airspeed

- Altimeter

- Attitude Indicator

- Radio Magnetic Indicator

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

34

FMS

Flight Management System (FMS) upgraded to SBAS

- LPV approach capable

- FMS synchronized

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

C

C

34

Flight Director

Flight Director #2 added as additional input to Autopilot

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Select control replaced and indication displayed on EFI-890 (PFD).

NO

NO

 

YES

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Baro setting control integrated in Primary Display Control Panel (PDCP)

NO

NO

 

YES

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Airspeed select added and indication displayed on EFI -890 (PFD)

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

34

Attitude/Heading

Analog Directional/Vertical Gyros replaced with Digital Attitude Heading & Reference System (AHRS)

NO

NO

 

YES

 

 

A

A

34

TCAS

Integrated with EFI-890 (PFD/ND)

- Control via RTU

NO

NO

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

34

EGPWS/TAWS

Honeywell EGPWS replaced with Universal TAWS:

- Control Panels replaced

NO

NO

 

YES

 

 

A

A

34

Synthetic Vision System (SVS)

Universal SVS added for display on EFI-890

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

34

Application Server

Universal ASU added for display on EFI-890:

- Checklist

- Terminal Charts

- Satellite Weather

- Electronic Docs

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

A

A

DESIGN OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-300G

BASE AIRCRAFT: CN-235-200

APPROVED BY (POI):________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

CHECK/CURR

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT
CHAR

PROC CHNG

LVL
A

LVL
B

LVL
C

LVL
D

FLIGHT CHECK

CURR

NORMAL PROCEDURES

 

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

 

 

NON-NORMAL MANEUVERS

 

NO

YES

 

 

YES (css)

 

 

 


 

APPENDIX 4

 

AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

This checklist applies to the CN-235-variant and C-295 aircraft. Compliance with the following Federal Aviation Regulations and FAA policies has been established where possible as indicated, based on an examination of a CN-235-variant and C-295 aircraft. Items that are identified as "CHDO" need to be evaluated by Principal Inspectors at the Certificate Holding District Office prior to the CN-235 or C-295 aircraft being used in CFR 121 or 135 revenue service. Items marked "complies" have either been found to directly comply with the applicable rule, or the necessary data or procedures are available to permit assessment of compliance of a CN-235 or C-295 aircraft for a particular operation (e.g. as for takeoff obstacle clearance assessment pertinent to CFR 121.189 ). Items marked NA are not applicable to the CN-235 and C-295 aircraft.

 

 

FAR 91

 

 

 

91.9             Civil aircraft flight manual, marking, and placard requirements.

Type design complies.

91.21         Portable electronic devices.

CHDO.

91.117     Aircraft speed.

Type design complies.

91.191     Category II Manual. Under FAR Part 91.

CHDO if operated.

91.203     Civil aircraft: Certifications Required. Except (a)(2) and (b)

Type design complies, CHDO

91.205     Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. except (b)(11) airworthiness certificates; instruments and equipment requirements.

Type design complies, CHDO

91.207     Emergency locator transmitters.

Type design complies.

91.209     Aircraft lights.

Type design complies.

91.211     Supplemental Oxygen.

Type design complies.

91.213     Inoperative instruments and equipment.

Type design complies, MMEL available.

91.215     ATC Transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use.

Type design complies.

91.217     Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot’s altitude reference.

Type design complies.

91.219     Altitude alerting system or device, turbojet powered civil airplanes.

Type design complies.

91.221     TCAS

CHDO

91.409     Inspections.

CHDO

91.411     Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

CHDO

91.413     ATC transponder tests and inspections.

CHDO

91.415     Changes to aircraft inspection programs.

CHDO

91.503     Flying equipment and operating information and procedures comply

Type design checklists

91.511     Radio equipment for overwater operations.

Type design complies, CHDO

91.513     Emergency equipment.

CHDO

91.517     Smoking and safety belt signs.

Type design complies.

91.519     Passenger briefing.

CHDO

91.521     Shoulder harness.

Type design complies.

91.525     Carriage of cargo.

Type design complies.

91.527     Operating in icing conditions.

Type design complies.

91.603     Aural speed warning device

Type design complies.

91.605     Transport category civil airplane weight limitations.

Weight, balance, and performance information is available for compliance CHDO

91.607     Emergency exits for airplane carrying passengers for hire.

Type design complies.

91.609     Flight recorders and cockpit voice recorders.

Type design complies.

91.805     Final compliance: Subsonic airplanes. (Stage 3)

Type design complies.

 

 

FAR 121

 

 

 

121.141       Airplane or rotorcraft flight manual.

Type design AFM complies. CHDO

121.153       Aircraft requirements: general

CHDO

121.157       Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.

Type design complies with (b).

121.173       General

Type design complies with (b) and (d).

121.189       Transport category airplanes: turbine engine powered; takeoff limitations.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.191       Transport category airplanes: turbine engine powered: enroute limitations: one engine inoperative.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.195       Transport category airplanes: turbine engine powered: landing limitations: destination airports.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.197       Transport category airplanes: turbine engine powered: landing limitations: alternate airports.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.215       Cabin interiors.

Type design complies.

121.217       Internal doors.

Type design complies.

121.219       Ventilation.

Type design complies.

121.221       Fire precautions.

Type design complies.

121.223       Proof of compliance with 121.221

Complies.

121.231       Fuel system lines and fittings.

Type design complies.

121.233       Fuel lines and fittings in designated fire zones.

Type design complies.

121.235       Fuel valves.

Type design complies.

121.237       Oil lines and fittings in designated fore zones.

Type design complies.

121.241       Oil system drains.

Type design complies.

121.243       Engine breather lines.

Type design complies.

121.245       Fire walls.

Type design complies.

121.247       Fire wall construction.

Type design complies.

121.249       Cowling.

Type design complies.

121.251       Engine accessory section diaphragm.

Type design complies.

121.253       Powerplant fire protection.

Type design complies.

121.255       Flammable fluids.

Type design complies.

121.257       Shutoff means.

Type design complies.

121.259       Lines and fittings.

Type design complies.

121.261       Vent and drain lines.

Type design complies.

121.263       Fire-extinguishing agents.

Type design complies.

121.265       Fire-extinguishing agents.

Type design complies.

121.267       Extinguishing agent container pressure relief.

Type design complies.

121.269       Extinguishing agent container compartment temperature.

Type design complies.

121.273       Fire-detector systems.

Type design complies.

121.275       Fire detectors.

Type design complies.

121.277       Protection of other airplane components against fire.

Type design complies.

121.279       Control of engine rotation.

Type design complies.

121.281       Fuel system independence.

Type design complies.

121.283       Induction system ice prevention.

Type design complies.

121.285       Carriage of cargo in passenger compartments.

CHDO

121.287       carriage of cargo in cargo compartments.

CHDO

121.289       Landing gear: aural warning device.

Type design complies.

121.291       Demonstration of emergency evacuation procedures.

Complies, except (b) through (e). CHDO

121.303       Airplane instruments and equipment.

Type design complies.

121.305       Flight and navigational equipment.

Type design complies.

121.307       Engine instruments.

Type design complies.

121.308       Lavatory fire protection.

Type design complies.

121.309       Emergency equipment.

Type design complies, except (b)(1), CHDO

121.310       Additional emergency equipment.

Type design complies, CHDO responsible for (b), (c), (d), (f), (g), (h) and (l). NA for (j) and (k).

121.311       Seats, safety belts, and shoulder harnesses.

Type design complies, CHDO

121.312       Materials for compartment interiors.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.313       Miscellaneous equipment.

Type design complies with (a) through (f), CHDO responsible for (g) through (i).

121.315       Cockpit check procedure.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.316       Fuel tanks.

Type design complies.

121.317       Passenger information.

Type design complies, (f), (g), and (h). CHDO.

121.318       Public address systems.

Type design complies.

121.319       Crewmember interphone system

Type design complies.

121.323       Instruments and equipment for operations at night.

Type design complies.

121.325       Instruments and equipment for operations under IFR or over-the-top.

Type design complies.

121.329       Supplemental oxygen for sustenance: turbine engine powered airplanes.

Type design complies, except (b)(3), (c)(2), and (3). CHDO

121.333       Supplemental oxygen for emergency descent and for first aid: turbine engine powered airplanes with pressurized cabins.

Type design complies, except (c)(2), (3), (4), (d), and (f). CHDO.

121.335       Equipment standards.

Type design complies.

121.337       Protective breathing equipment.

Equipment is in compliance; procedures for use in (b) and (c) to be reviewed by CHDO.

121.339       Emergency equipment for extended overwater operations.

CHDO

121.340       Emergency flotation means.

CHDO

121.341       Equipment for operations in icing conditions.

Type design complies.

121.342       Pitot heat indication systems.

Type design complies.

121.343       Flight recorders.

Type design complies.

121.345       Radio equipment.

Type design complies.

121.347       Radio equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

Type design complies.

121.349       Radio equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over-the-top.

Type design complies, except procedures for (d) are responsibility of CHDO.

121.351       Radio equipment for extended overwater operations and for certain other operations.

Type design complies, except (b). CHDO.

121.353       Emergency equipment for operations over uninhabited terrain areas: flag and supplemental air carriers and commercial operators.

CHDO

121.355       Equipment for operations on which specialized means of navigation are used.

CHDO

121.357       Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

Type design complies, (c) responsibility of CHDO.

121.359       Cockpit voice recorders.

Type design complies.

121.360       Ground proximity warning-glide slope deviation alerting system.

Type design complies, except (d) and (e). CHDO.

121.369       Manual requirements.

Type design related data and manuals comply, otherwise CHDO.

121.397       Emergency and emergency evacuation duties.

Type design complies. Operator specific functions, CHDO.

121.576       Retention of items of mass in passenger and crew compartments.

Type design complies, otherwise CHDO.

  121.579     Minimum altitudes for use of autopilot.

Compliance based on AFM procedures and limitations. CHDO.

121.581       Forward observer’s seat; enroute inspections.

Type design complies.

121.587       Closing and locking of flight crew compartment door.

Type design complies; operator procedures CHDO.

121.589       Carry-on baggage.

Type design complies; operator procedures CHDO.

121.629       Operation in icing conditions.

Operator procedures, CHDO.

121.652       Landing weather minimums: IFR: All certificate holders.

CHDO

121.397       Emergency and emergency evacuation duties.

Type design complies. Operator specific functions, CHDO.

121.576       Retention of items of mass in passenger and crew compartments.

Type design complies, CHDO.

121.579       Minimum altitudes for use of autopilot.

Compliance based on AFM procedures and limitations. CHDO.

121.581       Forward observer’s seat; enroute inspections.

Type design complies.

121.587       Closing and locking of flight crew compartment door.

Type design complies; operator procedures CHDO.