U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington, D.C.

 

Operational Suitability Report (OSR)

 

 

Revision: Original

Date: 11/15/2013

 

 

 

 

Eurocopter France

EC-155B1

GPS-400W

WAAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donald H. Wood Jr.

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

2601 Meacham Blvd

Fort Worth, Texas 76137

 

 

 

Telephone:

(817) 222-5270

FAX:

(817) 222-5295

 

 

 


RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

Original

All

All

11/15/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

Revision Original: All Sections


 

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

Operational Suitability Report (OSR)

Eurocopter France EC-155B1 with a

GARMIN GPS-400W SP/DPIFR GPS WAAS UPGRADE

1. Purpose and Applicability.  The purpose of this report is to ensure complete coverage and documentation of all Flight Standards responsibilities regarding the type design change certification of the Eurocopter France EC-155B1 Garmin GPS-400W SP/DPIFR GPS WAAS Upgrade.  The EC-155B1 aircraft is type certificated as a Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 29 Normal Category Rotorcraft, Day/Night visual flight rules (VFR)/instrument flight rules (IFR) operation.  This system is an avionics suite that combines primary flight instrumentation, navigational information, and a moving map.  This flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the evaluation of up to a 6° instrument landing system (ILS)/vertical navigation (VNAV)/localizer precision with vertical guidance (LPV) approach.  Navigation is based upon the global position system (GPS) receiver with the satellite based augmentation system (SBAS) enabled in each GPS that is approved for single pilot/dual pilot IFR (SP/DPIFR) instrument approach navigation with vertical guidance (ILS/VNAV and LPV).  Coupling of the aircraft flight controls are accomplished through the function of the automatic flight control system (AFCS) 4 -axis autopilot system to the navigation sources.

For the Rotorcraft-Helicopter, Airline Transport Pilot and Instrument Pilot rating, the addition of the Garmin GPS-400W WAAS Avionics flight control display system (FCDS) and navigation display (ND) does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers.

2. Pilot Type Rating Requirements.  The EC-155B1 rotorcraft is certificated at a gross weight below 12,500 pounds (lbs.) and exhibited no unusual characteristics or complexity that requires exceptional skill or knowledge to operate.  Therefore an aircraft type rating is not required.

3. Master Differences Requirements.  EC-155B1 Initial Training Course: ten (10) days of ground instruction, plus six (6) to eight (8) hours of flight instruction covering the following topics:

INTRDUCTION

OVERVIEW

FM & LIMITATIONS

STRUCTURE

MAIN ROTOR DRIVE

MAIN ROTOR

TAIL ROTOR DRIVE

TAIL ROTOR

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

SERVO ACTUATORS

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

ROTOR CONTROLS

 

FUEL SYSTEM

PITOT STATIC SYSTEM

INT & EXT LIGHTING

SEATING

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM

AV CONTROL SYSTEM

ENGINE

FIRE DETECTION

PERFORMANCE, WEIGHT & BALANCE

 

EC-155B1 Recurrent Training Course: two (2) days of ground instruction, plus four (4) hours of flight instruction covering the following topics:

INTRODUCTION

FM, LIMITATIONS & VEMD

PERFORMANCE, WEIGHT & BALANCE

STRUCTURE & SEATS

COCKPIT AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM

AV CONTROL SYSTEM

FUEL SYSTEM

ENGINE

STARTING & CHECKS

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

 

4. Acceptable Operator DifferencesRecurrent class with prior model experience should include eight (8) hours ground school and two (2) to three (3) hours flight instruction of the topics covered in the initial EC-155B1 class.

5. Flight Standardization Board ( FSB) Specifications for Training.  The certificated operator must meet the training requirements of §135.329 and be included in its initial and recurrent training program with sufficient instruction on the use and applicability of the Garmin GPS-400W Avionics Suite.

6. FSB Specifications for Checking.  Flight checks are conducted in accordance with the instructional guidance and requirements contained in the Airline Transport Pilot Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-16, Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards FAA-S-8081-4E, as supplemented by guidance in Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System, and FAA Order 8900.2, General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook .

7. FSB Specifications for Currency.  Currency shall be maintained in accordance with §§ 61.57, 135.293 and 135.247, as appropriate.

8. Regulatory Compliance Checklist.  The regulatory compliance requirements applicable part 91 and 135 are included to assist FAA aviation safety inspectors (ASI) in the expedited approval of the aircraft for a proposed operation.  This list pertains specifically to the representative production aircraft N155UM.


 

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

14CFR

Section

Requirement

Compliance

Remarks

FSB Finding

91.9(a)

Compliance with Flight Manual, Markings, and Placard Markings

This aircraft is certified under Type Certificate data sheet (TCDS) (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.9(b)(1)

Availability of Current Rotorcraft Flight Manual in Aircraft

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.9(c)

Identification of Aircraft in Accordance with part 45

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.203(a) & (b)

Valid Airworthiness Certificate, Flight Permit, Registration Certificate.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.205(b)(1) thru (10)

Powered Civil Aircraft with Standard Category U.S. Airworthiness Certificates: Instrument and Equipment Requirements: General

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.205(b)(12) & (13) & (17)

Day VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.205(c)

Night VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.205(d)

IFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.205(h)

Night Vision Goggle Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

All cockpit instruments are NVG compatible

The FSB did not evaluate the NVG cockpit for this OSR

91.207(a) & (b)

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.209(b)

Operate an aircraft equipped with an anti-collision light system.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.213

Inoperative Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.215(a)

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.215(b), (c) & (d)

Transponder Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.221(a)& (b)

Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.223(a)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.503(a)(2)

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.503(a)(3) & (a)(4)

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.503(b) & (c)

Cockpit Checklist Contents

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.505

Familiarity with Operating Limitations and Emergency Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.507

Equipment Requirement: Over the Top, or Night VFR Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

91.517

Passenger information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.519

Passenger Briefing

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.521

Shoulder Harness

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.525

Carriage of Cargo

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

91.1115(a)

Minimum Equipment List

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

Pending MMEL will reflect JASC System upon FAA Approval

Satisfactory

135.21

Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.81(c)

Aircraft Equipment Manuals and Aircraft Flight Manual

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.83(a)(1) & (b)

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.83 (a)(2) & (c)

Emergency Procedures Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.83(a)(3)

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.99(a)

Composition of Flight Crew – AFM Limitations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.117

Briefing of Passengers before Flight

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.123

Emergency and Emergency Evacuation Duties

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.127

Passenger Information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.128

Safety Belts and Child Restraint Systems

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.143(b)

Approved/Operable Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.143(c)

ATC Transponder

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.149(a)

Altimeter Adjustable for Barometric Pressure

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.149(b)

Heating or Deicing Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.157(a)

Oxygen Equipment Requirements Unpressurized aircraft.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.157(c)

Equipment requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.158(a)

Pitot Heat Indicating Systems Requirement and Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.159(a) thru (g)

Equipment Requirements: Carrying Passengers under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top Conditions

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.161

Radio and Navigational Equipment: Aircraft Carrying Passengers Under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

G400W WAAS functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.171(a)

Shoulder Harness Installation at Flight Crewmember Stations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.179(b)

Instruments and Equipment NOT included in Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory


135.180(b)

Flight Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.183(d)

Helicopter flotation devices

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

Operational Conditions will determine if required 

 

135.185(a)

Empty Weight and Center of Gravity: Currency Requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.185(b)

Aircraft Original Airworthiness Certificate

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

135.363(f)

AFM Performance Data

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H10EU) Operator Responsibility

 

Satisfactory

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. FSB Specifications for Training Devices and Simulators.  Part 60 - Flight Simulation Training Device Initial and Continuing Qualification and Use, outlines specifications for helicopter simulator.  At the t i me of this OSR, American Eurocopter is conducting part 142 training under an FAA-approved EC-155B1 training curriculum and syllabus utilizing a Level D simulator located at HeliSim in Marignane-Cedex France.

10 . Applications The guidelines set forth in the OSR report apply to :

a)          Certified Flight Instructors

b)          Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air transportation service

c)          Certificated Ground Instructors associated with a training center

d)        FAA ASIs

e)          Designated Pilot Examiners

f)            Pilot Proficiency Examiners

g)          Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors

11. Alternate Means of Compliance.  N/A

12. Regulatory Coordination and Approval.  See Section 8 Information

 


 

PART II (Board Report)

1.0 Background :

On July 26, 2013, Donald H. Wood Jr. and Steven M. Sorich, FAA ASIs assigned to the Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG), conducted an operational evaluation in the EC-155B1 (N155UM) helicopter for an evaluation of the aircraft handling qualities as equipped with the Garmin GPS- 400W SP/DPIFR GPS WAAS UPGRADE.  The EC-155B1 is included in the H10EU type certificate data sheet.

The flight evaluation consisted of maneuvers required for the issuance of an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate or Rotorcraft-Helicopter Instrument rating The system provides a FCDS depicting attitude, altitude, barometric altimeter setting , airspeed, instantaneous vertical speed, magnetic heading and course deviation indicator, and outside air temperature.  The ND can be combined with a moving map, XM satellite weather, and traffic overlays.

Additionally , there are numerous optional avionics components available which integrate with the basic G-400W Display System .   The Garmin GPS-400W Avionics Display System does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers .   Approaches with greater than 3° glide path angle or less than 70 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS) must be flown with the AFCS 4-axis upper modes engaged.  The Minimum approach speed is 50 KIAS.  The Garmin GPS-400W GPS/WAAS installation allows LPV and L/VNAV coupled approach capability in the EC-155B1 helicopter.

The flight display system of the evaluated aircraft was comprised of :

1)          Dual Garmin GPS-400W GPS/WAAS receivers with modified software enabling the GLS  mode (GLS=GPS Landing System), which is an ILS Look-A-Like signal.  An ILS/GPS Landing system (GLS) selector switch to allow display of the GLS signal on the plot flying displays (PFD) and NDs.   A navigation management system (NMS) 1/MS 2 switch to select the GPSNAV unit to be displayed on ND #1 and #2 f or navigation approach mode annunciation repeaters located next to the PFD. Thales SMD 45 displays modified to indicate the GLS mode.

2)          A GPS/ILS Selector switch must be installed.

3)         Both Garmin GPS-400W receivers shall be configured to AUTOMATIC CROSS FILL

Garmin avionics documents are available in the Manufacturers Data section of the Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM).  Additionally, these referenced documents are available online from Garmin .

2 . 0 There are no outstanding AEG issue papers All issues were closed prior to the evaluation.

3 . 0 Type Ratings and Crew Qualification Tests.  With the addition of the Garmin GPS-400W SP/DPIFR GPS WAAS Upgrade, pilots qualifying in an ai r craft that have this equipment installed should experience little difficulties in the transition and require minimal training .

Summary and Conclusions : Flight checks are to be conducted in accordance with the instruction , guidance , and requirements contained in Practical Test Standards and supplemented by guidance in FAA Orders 8900.1 and/or 8900.2.

 

 

       Acronym                        Definition

 

            14 CFR                      Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations

            AFCS                       Automati Flight Control System

              ATC                           Air Traffic Control

              ASI                            Aviation Safety Inspector

              ELT                           Emergency Locator Transmitter

              FAA                          Federal Aviation Administration

              FCDS                        Flight Control Display System

              FSB                           Flight Standardization Board

              GPS                          Global Positioning System

              LBS                           Pounds

              IFR                            Instrument Flight Rules

              ILS                            Instrument Landing System

              KIAS                         Knots Indicated Airspeed

              LPV                           Localizer Precision with Vertical Guidance

              MMEL                       Master Minimum Equipment List

              ND                             Navigation Display

              OSR                           Operational Suitability Report

              PFD                           Pilot Flying Display

              RFM                          Rotorcraft Flight Manual

              SBAS                       Satellite Based Augmentation System

              SP/DPIFR                 Single Pilot/Dual Pilot Instrument Flight Rules

              TCDS                        Type Certification Data Sheet

              VFR                           Visual Flight Rules

              VNAV                       Vertical Navigation