U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: Original

Date: 08/09/2013

 

 

 

 

Eurocopter France

EC 130 T2

G500H

 

Donald H. Wood Jr.(Chip)

Chair, Flight Standardization Board (FSB)

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

2601 Meacham Blvd

Fort Worth, Texas 76137

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone:

(817) 222-5270

FAX:

(817) 222-5295

 

 

RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

Original

All

All

08/09/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

Revision Original: All Sections

Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

Eurocopter France EC 130 T2 with a

Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS)

 

 

1.    Purpose and Applicability.

 

The purpose of this report is to ensure complete coverage and documentation of all Flight Standards responsibilities regarding the type design change certification of the Eurocopter France EC130 T2 with a Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System Installation (EFIS). The Eurocopter France EC 130 T2 aircraft is type certificated as a Part 27 Normal Category Rotorcraft, Day/Night VFR operation. The Garmin G500H is limited to Day/Night VFR operations in its present configuration. This system is an avionics suite that combines primary flight instrumentation, navigational information, and a moving map display on dual 6.5-inch color screens. This flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the original issuance of a Commercial Pilot Airline Transport Pilot and Instrument Pilot rating, Rotorcraft‑Helicopter. The addition of the Garmin G500H Avionics Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multi-Function Display (MFD) does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers. There is no coupling of the aircraft flight controls to navigation sources. Additionally, there are no Flight Director cues provided to the pilot.

 

2.    Pilot Type Rating Requirements.

 

The Eurocopter France EC 130 T2 Rotorcraft is certificated at a gross weight below 12,500 lbs. and exhibited no unusual characteristics or complexity that requires exceptional skill or knowledge to operate. Therefore an aircraft type rating is not required.

 

3.    Master Differences Requirements.

 

EC 130 T2 Initial Training Course: three days (18 hours) of ground instruction, plus 3 to 4 hours of flight instruction covering the following topics:

 

INTRODUCTION

OVERVIEW

FM & LIMITATIONS

STRUCTURE

MAIN ROTOR DRIVE

MAIN ROTOR

TAIL ROTOR DRIVE

TAIL ROTOR

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

SERVO ACTUATORS

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

ROTOR CONTROLS

FUEL SYSTEM

PITOT STATIC SYSTEM

INT & EXT LIGHTING

SEATING

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM

AV CONTROL SYSTEM

ENGINE

FIRE DETECTION

PERFORMANCE, W&B

 

EC 130 T2 Recurrent Training Course: 1.5 days (9 hours) of ground instruction, plus 1.5 hours of flight instruction covering the following topics:

 

INTRODUCTION

FM, LIMITATIONS & VEMD

PERFORMANCE, W&B

STRUCTURE & SEATS

COCKPIT AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM

AV CONTROL SYSTEM

FUEL SYSTEM

ENGINE

STARTING & CHECKS

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

 

4.    Acceptable Operator Differences.

 

EC 130 T2 Recurrent Class with prior AS350 model experience should include 8 hours ground school and 2 to 3 hours flight instruction of the topics covered in the initial EC 130 T2 class.

 

5.    FSB Specifications for Training.

 

The certificated operator must meet the training requirements of 14 CFR § 135.329 and be included in its initial and recurrent training program with sufficient instruction on the use and applicability of the Garmin G500H Avionics suite.

 

6.    FSB Specifications for Checking.

 

Flight checks are conducted in accordance with the instructional guidance and requirements contained in the Commercial and Airline Transport Pilot Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-16, Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards, FAA-S-8081-4E, as supplemented by guidance in FAA Order 8900.1 and 8900.2.

 

7.    FSB Specifications for Currency.

 

Currency shall be maintained in accordance with 14 CFR §§ 61.57, 135.293 and 135.247, as appropriate.

 

8.    Regulatory Compliance Checklist.

The Compliance Checklist documents applicable 14 CFR Part 91 and Part 135 regulatory requirements to assist the FAA Operations Inspectors in the expedited approval of that aircraft for a proposed operation. This list pertains specifically to the representative production aircraft N11EQ.

 

COLUMN DEFINITIONS:

14 CFR Part defines the specific regulation number that is to be considered.

 

Should the manufacturer find other 14 CFR Part 91 or 135 regulations that should be added to the list, they may do so.

 

Title represents the approximate title of the specific regulation cited under the 14 CFR Part.

 

Compliance - the only annotation choices for this column include the following:

a.    Compliant (means the aircraft complies fully with this regulatory requirement.)

b.    Not Compliant (means the aircraft does not comply with the regulatory requirement. A comment must be

included.)

c.    Optionally Compliant (means the equipment is optional and is not part of required equipment. A comment

should be included.)

d.    Not Applicable (means the regulatory requirement does not pertain to the aircraft.)

e.    Operator Responsibility (means that compliance with the regulation is exclusively Operator’s

responsibility; the manufacture must verify.)

 

Remark is used to explain the response in the Compliance Column, if warranted; otherwise it may be left blank.

 

FSB Finding: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory.

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

14

CFR

Section

Requirement

Compliance

Remark

FSB Finding

§ 91.9

(a)

Compliance with Flight Manual, Markings, and Placard Markings

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.9

(b)(1)

Availability of Current Rotorcraft Flight Manual in Aircraft

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.9

(c)

Identification of Aircraft in Accordance with FAR 45

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.203

(a)(b)

Valid Airworthiness Certificate, Flight Permit, Registration Certificate.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.205

(b) (1) thru (10)

Powered Civil Aircraft with Standard Category U.S. Airworthiness Certificates: Instrument and Equipment Requirements: General

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.205

(b) (12),

(13),(17)

Day VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205

(c)

Night VFR

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205

(d)

IFR (Instrument Flight Rules)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacture’s

instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.205

(h)

Night Vision Goggle Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

All cockpit instruments are not NVG compatible

 

§ 91.207

(a)(b)

 

 

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacture’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.209

(b)

Operate an aircraft equipped with an anti-collision light system.

 

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.213

Inoperative Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.215

(a)

ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.215

(b),(c) (d)

Transponder Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.221

(a)(b)

 

 

 

Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Equipment and Use

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.223

(a)

 

 

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

 

 

 

 

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.503

(a)(2)

 

 

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.503

(a)(3) (a)(4)

 

 

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.503

(b)(c)

 

 

Cockpit Checklist Contents

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.505

 

 

Familiarity with Operating Limitations and Emergency Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.507

 

 

Equipment Requirement: Over the Top, or Night VFR Operations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 91.517

 

 

Passenger information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.519

 

 

Passenger Briefing

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.521

 

Shoulder Harness

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.525

 

 

Carriage of Cargo

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 91.1115

(a)

Minimum Equipment List

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

Pending MMEL will reflect JASC System upon submittal from Eurocopter France

Satisfactory

§ 135.21

Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.81

(c)

Aircraft Equipment Manuals and Aircraft Flight Manual

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

135.83

(a)(1) & (b)

Cockpit Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.83

(a)(2) & (c)

Emergency Procedures Checklist

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.83

(a)(3)

Aeronautical Charts

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.99

(a)

Composition of Flight Crew – AFM Limitations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.117

Briefing of Passengers before Flight

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.123

Emergency and Emergency Evacuation Duties

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.127

Passenger Information

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.128

Safety Belts and Child Restraint Systems

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.143

(b)

Approved/Operable Instruments and Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.143

(c)

ATC Transponder

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.149

(a)

 

 

Altimeter Adjustable for Barometric Pressure

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.149

(b)

Heating or Deicing Equipment

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.157

(a)

Oxygen Equipment Requirements Unpressurized aircraft.

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.157

(c)

Equipment requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.158

(a)

 

 

Pitot Heat Indicating Systems Requirement and Operation

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.159

(a) - (g)

Equipment Requirements: Carrying Passengers under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top Conditions

 

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

§ 135.161

Radio and Navigational Equipment: Aircraft Carrying Passengers Under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

G500H (EFIS) functioned in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions

Satisfactory

135.170

Materials for Compartment Interiors

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

This aircraft is not NVG compatible

 

§ 135.171

(a)

Shoulder Harness Installation at Flight Crewmember Stations

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.179

(b)

Instruments and Equipment NOT included in MEL

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.180

(b)

 

 

Flight Manual Requirements

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.183

(d)

Helicopter inflation devices

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.185

(a)

Empty Weight and Center of Gravity: Currency Requirement

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.185

(b)

Aircraft Original Airworthiness Certificate

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

§ 135.363

(f)

AFM Performance Data

This aircraft is certified under TCDS (H9EU)

 

Satisfactory

9.    FSB Specifications for Training Devices and Simulators.

 

14 CFR Part 60 - Flight Simulation Training Device Initial and Continuing Qualification and Use, outlines specifications for helicopter simulator and Flight Training Devices (FTD). At the time of this FSB neither a full motion simulator, nor FTD existed. The manufacturer indicated that an FTD certificated by the National Simulator Program, will not be used in the training program.

10.    Applications.

 

The guidelines set forth in the FSB report apply to:

 

a)         Certified Flight Instructors

b)         Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air transportation service

c)         Certificated Ground Instructors associated with a training center

d)        Aviation Safety Inspectors

e)         Designated Pilot Examiners

f)           Pilot Proficiency Examiners

g)         14 CFR Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors

 

11.    Alternate Means of Compliance.

 

N/A

 

12.    Regulatory Coordination and Approval.

 

See Section 8.

PART II (Board Report)

 

1.0    Background:

 

On March 1, 2013, Donald H. Wood Jr. (Chip), Operations Inspector, Fort Worth Aircraft Evaluation Group, conducted an operational evaluation in a Eurocopter France EC 130 T2 (N11EQ) helicopter for an evaluation of the aircraft handling qualities as equipped with the Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS). The EC 130 T2 is included in the H9EU type certificate data sheet.

 

The flight display system of the evaluated aircraft was comprised of:

 

1.         GDU 620 Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multi-Function Display (MFD)

2.         GNS 430W GPS/NAV/COM

3.         GNC 420W GPS/COM

4.         GMU 44 Magnetometer

5.         GRS 77H Attitude Heading and Reference System (AHRS)

6.         GDC 74H Air Data Computer

7.         GPT 59 Outside Air emperature (OAT) Probe

8.         GTX 330 Mode S Transponder

9.         GMA 347 Audio Control Panel

 

The flight evaluation consisted of the maneuvers required for the issuance of a Commercial, Airline Transport Pilot Certificate or Rotorcraft-Helicopter Instrument rating. The system provides a Primary Flight Display depicting attitude, altitude, barometric altimeter setting, airspeed, instantaneous vertical speed, magnetic heading and course deviation indicator, and outside air temperature. The Multi-Function Display can be combined with a moving map, XM satellite weather, and traffic overlays. Additionally, there are numerous optional avionics components available which integrate with the basic G500H Display System. The Garmin G500H Avionics Display System does not affect the maneuvering of the aircraft through any of the required Practical Test Standard maneuvers. There is no coupling of the aircraft flight controls to navigation sources. Additionally, there are no Flight Director cues provided to the pilot.

 

The following vendor avionics documents are available in the Manufacturers Data section of the Rotorcraft Flight Manual:

 

1.          G500H Cockpit Reference Guide 190-01150-03, Rev. B or later

2.          G500H Pilots Guide 190-01150-02, Rev. B or later

3.          GMA 347 Audio Panel Pilot Guide

4.          GNS 430W Pilot Guide and Reference

5.          GNC 420W Pilot Guide and Reference

6.          GTX 330 Transponder Pilot Guide

 

Additionally, these referenced documents are available online from Garmin.

 

2.0    There are no outstanding Aircraft Evaluation Group issue papers.

 

All issues were closed prior to the evaluation.

 

3.0    Type Ratings and Crew Qualification Tests.

 

With the addition of the Garmin G500H Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) pilots qualifying in an aircraft that have this equipment installed should experience little difficulties in the transition and require minimal training.

 

Summary and Conclusions: Flight checks are to be conducted in accordance with the instruction, guidance, and requirements contained in Practical Test Standards and supplemented by guidance in FAA Orders 8900.1 and/or 8900.2.