U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington, D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: 3

Date: 03/13/2014

 

 

 

 

EMBRAER S.A .

EMB-500

 

Douglas L. Edwards

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group

901 Locust Street, Department of Transportation Building

Kansas City, Missouri 64106

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone:

(816) 329-3233

FAX:

(816) 329-3241

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................................... 2

RECORD of revision.............................................................................................................. 3

1.0 PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY......................................................................................... 4

2.0 ACRONYMS........................................................................................................................... 4

3.0 BACKGROUND...................................................................................................................... 6

4.0 PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION............................................................................ 9

5.0 emb-500 TRAINING PROGRAMS DESCRIPTION............................................................. 10

6.0 MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS................................................................................ 12

7.0 fSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING.............................................................................. 13

8.0 SPECIAL FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................19

9.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING............................................................................. 19

10.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY.......................................................................... 20

11.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS............................................ 20

12.0 MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS.......................................................................... 21

13.0 OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS..................................................................... 21

14.0 MISCELLANEOUS................................................................................................................ 22

15.0 AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE........................................................................ 24

16.0 ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT............................................24

17.0 appendices

APPENDIX A - AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKList................................25

APPENDIX B - mdr table …………………………………………………......……………...85

APPENDIX c - odr tables………………………………………………......……………......86

APPENDIX d - board record……………………………………………..........…………...95

 

 

Record of Revision

 

 

 

Revision                              

Number                                 Section                                                             Pages Affected                                                                           Date

 

Original

 

All

 

All

 

1/14/2009

1

All

All updated to include results of EMB-505 Flight Standardization Board

2/16/2010

 

2

Miscellaneous

33

09/15/2010

3

All

All

03/13/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

 

Revision 3: Separated EMB-500 from combined EMB-500 and EMB-505 report in order to have a separate report for each pilot type rated airplane. Added results of the FSB evaluation of EMB-505 with Garmin Prodigy G3000. Updated MDR and ODR Tables. Updated regulatory compliance checklists. Included results of EMB-500 and EMB‑505 Common Type Rating evaluation.

Revision 2: Updated with results of Class III Electronic Flight Bag Electronic Charts application.

Revision 1: Updated with results of EMB-505 FSB

Original: Original EMB-500 FSB report

 

 

1.0 PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

Note: All regulatory references in this report pertain to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) unless otherwise indicated.

The primary purpose of this Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report is to specify FAA training, checking and currency requirements applicable to flight crews operating the Embraer Model 500, Phenom 100 airplanes. This report provides guidance to operators who will be operating the EMB-500 under part 91 Subpart K and part 135.

 

The guidelines in this report apply to operations inspectors, principal operations inspectors (POIs), training center program managers (TCPM’s), and aircrew program managers (APM’s). This report also applies to part 135 air carrier check airmen and instructors, airline transport pilots instructing in air transportation service, certificated flight instructors, aircrew program designees, training center evaluators (TCE’s), and part 61, 135, 141 and 142 training providers.

 

This FSB report has been written in accordance with the requirements of Advisory Circular (AC) 120-53B, Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations. The contents of this FSB report are applicable on the effective date of its final approval and will remain effective unless amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent FSB determinations.

 

Note: The EMB-500 meets the minimum equipment and instrumentation requirements of part 135 for operations conducted with a single pilot.

 

2.0 ACRONYMS

 

Relevant acronyms used in this FSB report, the Embraer Airplane Flight Manual (AFM), Quick Reference Handbooks (QRH), Pilot Operating Handbooks, and other operational documents are described below.

 

14 CFR                               Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations

AC                                      Advisory Circular

ACO                                   Aircraft Certification Office

ACP                                    Autopilot Control Panel

ADC                                   Air Data Computer

ADS                                    Air Data System

AEG                                    Aircraft Evaluation Group

AEO                                    All Engines Operating

AFM                                   Airplane Flight Manual

AFS                                    Autoflight System

AGL                                    Above Ground Level

AHRS                                  Attitude Heading Reference System

A-I                                       Anti-Ice

AMS                                    Air Management System

ANAC                                 Agencia National de Aviacao Civil

AOA                                   Angle of Attack

AP or A/P                            Autopilot

 APM                               Aircrew Program Manager

ATP                                     Airline Transport Pilot

ATR                                     Automatic Thrust Reserve

CAS                                    Crew Alerting System

CFR                                    Code of Federal Regulations

CHDO                                Certificate Holding District Office

CPT                                    Cockpit Procedures Trainer

CRM                                   Crew Resource Management

DME                                    Distance Measuring Equipment

EASA                                  European Aviation Safety Agency\

EFB                                     Electronic Flight Bag

EFIS                                    Electronic Flight Information System

ELOS                                  Equivalent Level of Safety

FAA                                    Federal Aviation Administration

FADEC                               Full Authority Digital Engine Controller

FAR                                     Federal Aviation Regulation

FCSOV                               Flow Control Shutoff Valve

FMA                                    Flight Mode Annunciator

FMS                                     Flight Management System

FSB                                      Flight Standardization Board

FSDO                                   Flight Standards District Office

FTD                                      Flight Training Device

GIA                                      Garmin Integrated Avionics

GPS                                     Global Positioning System

GPU                                     Ground Power Unit

ICAO                                   International Civil Aviation Organization

IFR                                       Instrument Flight Rules

ILS                                       Instrument Landing System

ITT                                       Interturbine Temperature

IESI                                      Integrated Electronic Standby Instrument

KIAS                                    Knots Indicated Airspeed

KOEL                                   Kinds of Operation List

MCRs                                   Master Common Requirements

MCT                                     Maximum Continuous Thrust

MDRs                                   Master Difference Requirements

MFD                                     Multifunction Display

MKC-AEG                           Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group

NSP                                      National Simulator Program

OAT                                     Outside Air Temperature

ODRs                                   Operator Difference Requirements

OPERA                                Optimized Performance Analyzer

PRSOV                                Pressure Regulator Shutoff Valve

PFD                                      Primary Flight Display

PIC                                       Pilot in Command

PNF                                      Pilot Not Flying

POI                                       Principal Operations Inspector

 PTS                                   Practical Test Standards

QRH                                     Quick Reference Handbook

RAIM                                   Receiver Autonomous integrity Monitoring

RVSM                                  Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum

SIC                                       Second in Command

SPWS                                   Stall Protection and Warning system

TAS                                      Traffic Advisory System

TIS                                       Terrain Information System

TCDS                                   Type Certificate Data Sheet

TCE                                      Training Center Evaluator

TLA                                      Thrust Lever Angle

Vac                                       Approach Climb Speed

Vap                                       Approach Speed

Vfs                                        Final Segment Airspeed

Vfe                                        Maximum Flap Extended Airspeed

Vle                                        Maximum Landing Gear Extended Airspeed

Vlo                                        Maximum Landing Gear Operating Airspeed

Vmca                                    Minimum Control Airspeed in the Air

Vmcg                                    Minimum Control Airspeed on Ground

Vmcl                                     Minimum Control Airspeed During Landing

Vmo                                     Maximum Operating Airspeed

Va                                        Design Maneuvering Speed

Vr                                         Rotation Speed

Vref                                      Reference Landing Airspeed

Vs                                        Stall Speed

Vso                                      Stall Speed –Landing Configuration

Vyse                                     Single Engine Best Rate of Climb

V1                                        Critical Engine Failure Speed

YD                                       Yaw Damper

 

3.0 BACKGROUND

 

EMBRAER- EMPRESA BRASILEIRA de AERONAUTICA S.A., the Manufacturer, is headquartered in Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo state, Brazil.

 

3.1 EMB-500

 

The Embraer Model 500 (EMB-500), also called the PHENOM 100, is a low wing, T-tail and pressurized airplane, powered by two high by-pass ratio rear mounted turbofan engines. The tricycle landing gear is fully retractable, with single tire at each leg, to be operated on paved runways only. A glass cockpit panel has been developed with highly integrated onboard avionics. The standard passenger configuration consists of two seats abreast (one to each side of the aisle, aka: club seating) which allows carrying 5 passengers if the aircraft is operated single pilot and using the copilot seat as a passenger seat. There are also provisions for an optional belted seat in the lavatory and side facing divan, for a total occupancy of eight. See current AFM, Section 6, for currently approved passenger configurations. The Embraer Model 500 is a twin-engine turbofan airplane certified in accordance with part 23, in the normal category with Special Conditions requiring commuter category takeoff and landing performance. It is listed on Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) Number A59CE as the Model EMB-500. Embraer received their FAA type certificate on 12/12/2008.

 The airplane has 1160 NM range utilizing NBAA criteria with high speed cruise of .70 Mach. Takeoff field length is listed as 3,400 feet with a landing distance of 2,699 feet.

 

The minimum crew determination listed in the AFM and on the TCDS is one pilot in the left seat. AFM limitations authorize a single pilot provided there is an operative autopilot. The pilot must utilize an operative headset mounted microphone. If either the autopilot or microphone is not operative, the EMB-500 must have a crew comprised of one pilot and one copilot.

The EMB-500 is certified for Day, Night, VFR and IFR flight conditions to a maximum operating altitude of 41,000 feet, and is approved for flight into reduced vertical separation minimum (RVSM) airspace if the aircraft meets the minimum equipment requirements contains in the Aircraft Flight Manual, Supplement 1. The EMB-500 is also approved for flight into known icing conditions.

The EMB-500 base model has a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 10,472 pounds and a maximum landing weight of 9,766 pounds.

The aircraft is powered by two Pratt & Whitney, PW617F-E engines, each producing approximately 1, 700 pounds of thrust. Engines are controlled by two dual-channel, full authority digital engine controller (FADEC) units. Engines received type certification by Transport Canada and FAA on October 3, 2008.

The EMB-500 fuselage and major structural components are aluminum, and the aircraft employs conventional, mechanical flight controls. There are two ram’s horn controls mounted in the center at each pilot station.

The aircraft fuel system is a pressurized wet-wing design. Total fuel capacity is 2,850 pounds with 2,806 pounds usable.

The EMB-500 relies on dual Garmin Integrated Avionics (GIA) units and an electronic power distribution system to control, monitor, and power its systems and components. The two GIA’s and all electronic aircraft system buses and components, are interwoven and fully integrated.

The two GIA’s in the EMB-500 each have independent architecture for redundancy to ensure availability for several important aircraft support functions, including the autoflight system (AFS). The AFS consists of an autopilot and autotrim system, flight director, yaw damper, stall warning and stick pusher, the flight mode annunciation (FMA) and crew alerting system (CAS) message reporting.

A takeoff configuration system evaluates elevator trim position, parking brake, and flap status before activating a “TAKEOFF OK” aural alert.

The Prodigy Avionics System was developed by Embraer and Garmin Corporation for use in the EMB-500. It consists of two primary flight displays (PFD) and one multifunction display (MFD). Each PFD receives information from its Garmin Integrated Avionics unit.

A typical EMB-500 panel layout is shown below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.0 PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

 

 

In accordance with part 1 and 61 , a separate pilot type rating has been established for the EMB-500. The pilot type rating designation for the EMB-500 airplane is EMB-500”. An applicant who satisfactorily completes the practical test in this aircraft will receive an EMB-500 type rating on their airman certificate.

 

4.1 FSB Evaluations

 

An FSB for the EMB-500 was convened in September 2008, first at CAE SimuFlite at DFW, Texas and then relocated to Araraquarra, S. P., Brazil at the Embraer flight test facility to evaluate the EMB-500 via the T-5 test process described in Advisory Circular 120-53B .

 

4.2 EMB-500

 

The EMB-500 type rating is approved for pilots who satisfactorily complete the type rating practical test in the EMB-500 as a single pilot. A pilot with the EMB-500 type rating may operate the aircraft as a single pilot, or operate as a pilot in command (PIC) with a second in command (SIC) on the aircraft.

 

A pilot with the EMB-500 type rating must have a SIC in the aircraft if it lacks an operative autopilot system, headset mounted microphone, or flight director. AFM Limitations require a SIC under these conditions. If this circumstance arises, the PIC must comply with the PIC proficiency check requirements specified by § 61.58 , and use a SIC that meets the qualification and training requirements of § 61.55 .

 

 

4.3 EMB-500, Second in Command Required

 

 

 

The EMB-500 type rating with a “Second in Command Required” limitation is approved for applicants who satisfactorily complete the type rating practical test in the EMB-500 while using a SIC. The limitation “Second in Command Required” will be placed on their airman certificate. A pilot with an EMB-500 type rating with the “Second in Command Required” limitation must operate the aircraft with a SIC who meets the minimum qualification and training requirements of section 61.55, or have another pilot as SIC, who holds an EMB-500 type rating.

 

In addition, the holder of an EMB-500 type rating with the Second In Command Required limitation, may not act as PIC of the EMB-500 unless, within the preceding 12 calendar months, he or she has satisfactorily completed an annual proficiency check in the EMB-500, or an aircraft requiring more than one crewmember, as required by section 61.58(a)(1) or (2).

The holder of an EMB-500 type rating with the Second in Command Required limitation may have the limitation removed in accordance with guidance contained in FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, paragraph 5-729. To remove the limitation, it is not necessary to complete the entire practical test as a single pilot. All areas of operations/tasks approved for a flight simulator may be accomplished in that flight simulator for the purpose of removing the “Second-in-Command Required” limitation.

 

Areas of operation include the following:

· Preflight Procedures Tasks: All.

· Takeoff and Departure Phase Tasks: All.

· In-flight Maneuvers Tasks: C, E, F.

· Instrument Procedures Tasks: All.

· Landings and Approaches to Landing Tasks: All.

· Normal and Abnormal Procedures.

· Emergency Procedures.

· Post flight Procedures Tasks: All.

Additional areas include:

Collision Avoidance· Communication Management.· Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Cross-Country Flight Plan Avionics Loading.

After satisfactorily completing this practical test, the airman is granted the EMB-500 type rating and the limitation “Second in Command Required” is removed in accordance with section 61.43 (b).

 

5.0 EMB-500 TRAINING PROGRAMS DESCRIPTION

 

Embraer developed their training program for EMB-500 pilots before any simulator was available, and all FSB and initial cadre and customer training was completed in the EMB-500 airplane.

 

SIC training is mandatory under section 61.55 for any airman, who will be serving as a SIC in the EMB-500 or, when the operation requires a SIC due to a Second in Command Required limitation on the airman certificate of the PIC, or when an autopilot is not installed in the EMB-500, or is not operative. However, SIC familiarization training, required by section 61.55, would not apply if the SIC holds a type rating in the EMB-500, or is a qualified SIC in the EMB-500 under part 91 Subpart K, or part 135.

 

The FSB is responsible for completing evaluations of future changes to the EMB-500 and derivative or variant models. Other aircraft changes that the FSB may need to evaluate include, but are not limited to, engine changes, systems and instrumentation changes, and the installation of new systems. The FSB will determine the impact of future installations on training, checking and currency and revise this FSB report as needed.

6.0 MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCR’s)

 

MCR’s are requirements applicable to crew qualification which pertain to all variants of the same type or related types. This section lists all MCR’s identified by the FSB for the EMB-500.

 

TAKEOFFS – All takeoffs should be made with maximum power to ensure the automatic thrust reserve (ATR) system automatically arms. The use of the ATR is limited to 10 minutes. The use of maximum takeoff power in the EMB-500 is restricted to five minutes.

 

Takeoffs should be made with flaps set at the takeoff setting, Flaps 1 or Flaps 2. Pilots should be aware of the performance differences between the two takeoff configurations.

 

 Climb, cruise and approach flight profiles, flap settings, and recommended or maximum airspeeds for the EMB-500 are accomplished in accordance with the following tables:

 

 

                                      CLIMB

AIRSPEED

Normal Climb

160 KIAS

At Transition Level

200 KIAS

 

CRUISE

MAXIMUM AIRSPEED

VMO

275 KIAS

MMO

.70 Mach

 

DESCENT/APPROACH VFR

MAXIMUM AIRSPEED

VFE – Flaps 1

200 KIAS

VFE – Flaps 2

180 KIAS

VFE Flaps 3 or Full

145 KIAS

VLO/VLE

250/275 KIAS

 

IFR APPROACH/LANDING MINIMA – In accordance with 14 CFR section 97.3, the aircraft approach category is based on 1.3 times the stall speed in the landing configuration (Vso) at maximum certificated landing weight. Based on this criterion, the EMB-500 has a reference landing speed (VREF) of 102 KIAS.

 

Straight in Approaches – At the maximum aircraft landing weight, with flaps in the landing position, is used in training by EMB and is recommended by the FSB as listed in the following table.

 

AIRCRAFT SPEED

FLAP POSITION

APPROACH CATEGORY

100 KIAS

Landing Flaps

Category B

 

Circling Approaches – A minimum of 120 KIAS for all circling approaches with flaps set in Flaps 2 position is used in training by Embraer and is recommended by the FSB during the circling maneuver. On the turn to final, the flaps should be set to landing Flaps Full position and the aircraft should be slowed to the recommended Vref speed. Single engine circling maneuvers may be trained and checked at the discretion of the training provider and/or examiner based on weight, altitude, temperature and conditions of flight.

 

However, when determining circling approach minima, all minimums are based on the highest airspeed used during the circling maneuver. This will ensure that the aircraft will have adequate obstacle clearance in the maneuvering area. The minimum visibility for the circling maneuver is listed in the following table and increases with airspeed due to the increase in circling approach radii.

 

SPEED/CATEGORY

VISIBILITY IN STATUTE MILES

Less than 91 KIAS/Cat A

1 Mile

91 to 120 KIAS/Cat B

1 Mile

121 to 140 KIAS/Cat C

1 and ½ Miles

141 to 165 IAS/Cat D

2 Miles

165 KIAS and Above/Cat E

3 Miles

 

LANDINGS – The FSB found no unusual landing characteristics in the EMB-500. The FSB agrees that all landings should be at a slow airspeed since there are no drag devices on the EMB-500 other than flaps and brakes. The brakes have anti-skid protection.

 

REJECTED LANDINGS – Rejected landings can be trained and checked with two engines operative, or one engine inoperative, following the procedures established by Embraer or other training provider.

 

NO FLAP APPROACHES – No Flap approaches and landings were evaluated by the FSB and can be safely accomplished during training and checking. It is important to note that the final approach speed with flaps in the UP position is Vref + 30, and additional runway length, approximately 1.9 times the Vref Full Flap landing distance is required. Bank angle in the EMB-500 is limited to 20 degrees. This results in a greater turn radius and as such it is improbable that a No Flap circling approach can be conducted without exceeding the protected obstruction area.

 

STEEP TURNS –Steep turns in the EMB-500 are recommended to be conducted at 180 KIAS with a power setting of 68 to 72 N1, depending on aircraft weight, altitude and atmospheric conditions

 

STALLS – The EMB-500 was found to have stall characteristics during flight testing which as a part 23 certification requirements, required a stick pusher system to be installed to mitigate these characteristics. The EMB-500 sick pusher must be tested before each flight but because it is electric it may be tested prior to or after engine start. The EMB-500 stick pusher activation was demonstrated to be effective and aggressive. The EMB-500 has no unusual flight characteristics if recovery is initiated at the first indication of a stall, which is well above an aerodynamic stall. The stall speed in the clean configuration, with 0 degrees angle of bank is 100 KIAS. In the landing configuration, with gear and flaps fully extended with 0 degrees of bank, the stalling speed is 77 KIAS. The FSB noted that at low altitudes stall recovery can be completed with minimal altitude loss if initiated at the first indication of impending stall, which is the aural stall warning and the stall warning visual indication on the PFDs.

 

An aerodynamic stall occurs at the same approximate airspeed as stick pusher activation. If the stick pusher activates, the loss of altitude during the stall recovery will be 300 to 500 feet. As a consequence, flight crews, training personnel and evaluators should be aware of the consequences of low altitude stalls. The FSB did not evaluate stalls at high altitudes. Stalls at high altitudes may require much greater loss of altitude than stalls at low altitude.

UNUSUAL ATTITUDES – Unusual attitudes may be trained and checked in the aircraft as long as the induced pitch and bank remain within the parameters for non-acrobatic flight.

 

EMERGENCY DESCENTS – – It is recommended that emergency descents during training and checking in the aircraft be done at a maximum descent speed of 170 KIAS in the EMB-500 rather than 275 KIAS, which is specified in the AFM emergency procedures, and is the aircraft VMO, due to gear operating and extension speeds.

 

ENGINE SHUTDOWNS IN FLIGHT – For an intentional engine shutdown in flight, the throttle of the selected engine should be at idle for 2 minutes prior to shut down and prior to selecting the engine Start/Stop knob to OFF. An airspeed allowing for a successful engine air start should be maintained for the weight/altitude/temperature condition as illustrated in the Engine Air Start Envelope in Section 3 of the AFM and the QRH. It is important to emphasize that the FADEC limiting protections are not available during an in-flight engine restart.

 

After shutdown, the engine ITT should be permitted to cool to 100 degrees C before attempting a restart. The engine should be operated at Idle for an additional 2 minutes prior to applying engine thrust.

 

SIMULATED ENGINE FAILURES – It is recommended that simulated engine failures be accomplished with the use of the throttle unless the aircraft is at least 3,000 feet above ground level (AGL) near a suitable airport.

 

7.1 EMB-500 Initial Training

An applicant for the EMB-500 type rating at the ATP certificate level must meet the training requirements of section 61.157 (b) or (c). For the addition of an EMB-500 type rating to a pilot certificate other than at the ATP level, an applicant must meet the training requirements of the applicable sections of section 61.63 (d) or (e).

 

EMB-500 INITIAL TYPE RATING

TRAINING HOURS

Aircraft Systems Ground Training

See FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 5 , Paragraph 3‑1200, table 3-52.

Systems Integration Training

12.0 Hours

Flight Training

See FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 6 , Paragraph 3-1230, tables 3-60 and 3-61.

 

 

Specific recommendations regarding training in the EMB-500 for ground training, cockpit integration, flight training and special emphasis training are listed below.

 

7.1.1 Ground Training

 

The FSB evaluated the ground portion of the Embraer EMB-500 type rating program in the original FSB and recommends that approved ground training curriculums and guidance regarding deviations from National Norms conform to the National Norms contained in FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 5, paragraph 3‑1200, table 3-52. For the purposes of the tables, inspectors should use the part 135 Transport and Commuter Category Family of Aircraft. This category is appropriate due to the complexity of turbojet operations and the fact that although the EMB-500 is certificated as a part 23 Normal Category it was required to comply with the Commuter Category Takeoff and Landing Performance requirements of part 23.

 

7.1.1.1 Flightcrew Aircraft Ground Training Hours National Norms (Thresholds)

 

CATEGORY OF TRAINING

Family of Aircraft

Initial

New Hire

Initial Equipment

Transition

Upgrade

Recurrent

Part 135

Transport

and Commuter

Category

72(56)

64(48)

64(48)

(16)

16(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initial Ground training for the EMB-500 in the following subject areas is required:

 

a)       Single Pilot Crew Resource Management

b)       Risk Assessment

c)       AFM Review

d)       Aircraft Limitations

e)       Aircraft Performance, Performance Airspeeds and Flight Profiles

f)       Requirement for and use of OPERA

g)       Weight and Balance

h)       Aircraft Maintenance and use of MMEL

i)       Aircraft General Description

j)       Prodigy Integrated Avionics Suite

k)       Aircraft Computer System

l)       Air Data System and AHRS

m)       Aircraft Engines, FADEC and ATR

n)       Electronic Power Distribution System

o)       PFD Displays and Controls

p)       MFD Displays and Controls

q)       CAS Messaging System

r)       System Synoptic Pages

s)       Warning Systems and Takeoff Configuration Protection

t)       Flight Controls

u)       Auto Flight System

v)       Landing Gear and Brakes

w)       Fuel System

x)       Pneumatics

y)       Pressurization System

z)       Air Conditioning

aa)       Oxygen System

bb)       Ice and Rain Protection

cc)       Fire Protection System

dd)       Preflight Procedures

ee)       Normal Procedures

ff)       Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

gg)       Generator Failure

hh)       DME Systems

ii)       RVSM Equipment Requirements and Effects of their failure on RVSM Capability

jj)       Optional Systems Operation including Weather Radar, TAS and TAWS

 

 

7.1.2 Systems Integration Training (IPT, CPT, FTD, Simulator or Aircraft)

 

The FSB recommends a minimum of twelve (12.0) hours of systems integration training in an approved IPT, CPT, FTD, simulator, or aircraft for all pilots undergoing initial training. These modules may be integrated in the type rating program during ground training at the discretion of Embraer, or other training provider, and should include an emphasis on the following tasks:

 

a.                           PFD/MFD Preflight Setup

b.                           Cockpit Checklist Flow

c.                           Instrument Approach Tuning and Setup

d.                           Communication Tuning and Setup

e.                           Analysis of System Synoptic Pages

f.                            Use of Keyboard

g.                           CAS Messaging System

h.                           Setup of the Autopilot Control Panel (ACP)

i.                            PFD Flight Mode Annunciations

j.                            Programming of FMS

k.                           Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

l.                             Use of Composite Mode

m.                           Generator and Electrical Bus Failures

n.                            Prodigy Avionics System

o.                           Optional Systems Operation including Weather Radar, TAS, TAWS

 

7.1.3 Flight Training (Approved Simulators or Aircraft)

 

The FSB recommends that approved flight training curriculums and guidance regarding deviations from National Norms conform to the National Norms contained in FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 6, paragraph 3‑1230. Table 3-60 should be used when training two pilots and table 3-61 used when a single pilot is trained. For the purposes of these tables, inspectors should use the part 135 Transport and Commuter Category Family of Aircraft. This category is appropriate due to the complexity of turbojet operations and the fact that although the EMB-500 is certificated as a part 23 Normal Category it was required to comply with the Commuter Category Takeoff and Landing Performance requirements of part 23. The EMB-505 was certificated in the Commuter Category. Pertinent parts of these tables, and guidance regarding the crediting of training hours and crew pairing, current at the time of this report, are included below.

 

7.1.3.1 Flight Training Hours (National Norms) Two Pilots—Flight Training Device and/or Flight Simulator

Family of Aircraft

Initial New-Hire

Initial Equipment

Transition

Upgrade

Recurrent

Part 135 Transport and Commuter Category

PIC - 24 SIC - 24

PIC - 20 SIC - 20

PIC - 20 SIC - 20

SIC TO PIC 8

PIC - 4 SIC – 4

 

NOTE: When flight training is conducted in a flight simulator or training device, it is acceptable and preferable for the flight training curriculum segment to be developed so that two pilots can be trained during a single flight training session. This includes the training of a PIC and a SIC, two PICs, or two SICs at the same time. During this type of training, one pilot (pilot A) manipulates the controls of the aircraft while the other pilot (pilot B) performs the duties of the “pilot‑not‑flying” (PNF) the aircraft. During the same training session, the pilots reverse roles. Pilot B manipulates the controls, and pilot A performs the duties of the PNF. The duties of the PNF are typically included in the operator’s aircraft operating manuals and/or in the maneuvers and procedures document. These duties include normal, abnormal, and emergency duties (that are performed by the PNF) and the crew participation activities (crew resource management (CRM) concepts) used by the operator. Both pilots are receiving essential “crew-concept” training throughout the training session. Therefore, the total training hours accomplished during the training session can be credited to each of the participating pilots. For example, if a PIC and an SIC participated in a 4-hour flight simulator session, both pilots would receive 4 hours of training credit. This method of crediting training hours is valid only when both student pilots manipulate the controls for approximately equal amounts of time. This method of crediting training hours is not valid when the instructor is providing instruction and also is occupying one of the pilot seats of the flight simulator, flight training device.

 

7.1.3.2 Flight Training Hours (National Norms) One Pilot—Flight Training Device and/or Flight Simulator or When All Training is Conducted in an Aircraft

 

CATEGORY OF TRAINING

Family of Aircraft

Initial New-Hire

Initial Equipment

Transition

Upgrade

Recurrent

Part 135 Transport and Commuter Category

PIC - 12 SIC - 12

PIC - 10 SIC - 10

PIC - 8 SIC - 8

SIC TO PIC 6

PIC - 4 SIC - 4

 

Flight training for all pilots who complete the EMB-500 type rating course in the airplane or simulator and should include training in the following:

 

  1. Exterior Preflight Inspection

  2. Cockpit/Cabin Setup

  3. Aircraft Systems Tests and Checks

  4. Before Takeoff Procedures

  5. Pitch Attitude, Power Settings and Airspeed Combinations

  6. Basic and Advanced Flight Maneuvers Required for EMB-500 or EMB-505 Practical Test

  7. Aircraft Traffic Pattern Operations

  8. Departure and Arrival Procedures

  9. Instrument Approaches, Missed Approach Procedures and Holding

  10. Engine Failure on Takeoff (i.e. V1 Cut)

  11. Engine Shutdown and Restart

  12. Single Engine Approach and Landing from Precision/Non-Precision Approaches

  13. Circling Approach Procedures

  14. Single Engine Missed Approaches

  15. No Flap Circling Approach

  16. No Flap/Partial Flap Landings

  17. Enroute and High Altitude Operations

  18. Loss of Pressurization and Use of Oxygen

  19.  Emergency Descents

  20. Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

  21. Specific Avionics System Emergencies

  22. Loss of MFD/PFD

  23. Optional Systems Operations including Weather Radar, TAS and TAWS

 

7.2 Special Emphasis Training

 

Special emphasis training includes systems or procedures training elements that are unique to the aircraft and should be given a higher degree of emphasis than regular training. The FSB has identified the following training items that are either unique to the EMB-500, based on installed systems and equipment, or are important because of operational aspects associated with a single pilot crew, or flight crews with a low level of prior operating experience.

 

7.2.1 Special Emphasis Ground Training

 

  1. High Altitude Physiology

  2. Donning of Oxygen Masks

  3. Single Pilot Resource Management, Risk Assessment and Risk Management

  4. Abnormal and Emergency Procedures, focusing on Avionics and Electronic Power Distribution Systems

  5. Stick Pusher System

  6. Emergency Gear System

  7. Use of Backup Trim

  8. Operations in Icing Conditions including Handling Qualities

  9. OPERA

 

7.2.2 Special Emphasis Systems Integration Training (IPT, CPT, FTD, Simulator, or Aircraft)

 

a.                  Use of PFD, MFD and Composite Mode

b.                  Setup of the Flight Director and Autopilot Control Panel

c.                   Use of Keyboard

d.                  Prodigy System Integration Training

e.                   CAS Logic and Abnormal Procedures Training

f.                     Avionics System Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

g.                   Programming of FMS, (when installed)

h.                   Donning of Oxygen Masks

i.                     Use of Alternate Trim

 

7.2.3 Special Emphasis Flight Training (Approved Simulator or Aircraft)

 

a.                           Use of PFD, MFD and Composite Mode

b.                           Instrument Approaches with PFD/MFD in Composite Mode

c.                           Use of CAS Messaging System

d.                           High Altitude Single Pilot Operations

e.                           Loss of all DC Power and Effect on the Aircraft

f.                            Other Electrical System Malfunctions

g.                       Donning of Oxygen Masks

h.                           Use of Emergency Gear System

i.                            Stick Pusher System

j.                            Use of Alternate Trim

k.                           Operations in Icing Conditions including Handling Qualities

l.                            High Speed Approaches at Air Carrier Airports

 

7.3 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSITION TRAINING

 

7.3.1 EMB-505 to EMB-500 Transition

 

7.3.1.1 Prerequisites

For the purposes of training, the EMB-500 and EMB-505 are considered related aircraft per AC 120-53A , Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations. As related aircraft, reduced transition training programs may be approved. To be eligible for reduced training transition qualification programs, part 91 operators must meet the following:

HOLD AS A MINIMUM A PRIVATE PILOT CERTIFICATE WITH EMB-505 PILOT TYPE RATING

                          BE IFR CURRENT

                          EMB-505 RATED WITHIN LAST 12 MONTHS, OR

                          Sections 61.58, 135.293, or 91.1065 CURRENT IN EMB-505, OR

                          25 HOURS IN EMB-505 WITHIN LAST 6 MONTHS

 

7.3.1.2 Ground Training

8 hours is recommended as the minimum requirement. All system differences should be covered at Level B, assisted training. Special emphasis should be on the new systems, hydraulics, pneumatics, flight controls, and anti-ice systems normal, abnormal, and emergency procedures. System controls and operations should be emphasized. Additionally OPERA and flight planning differences should be emphasized. Dimensions, weights, speeds, limitations should be trained but may be at a Level A difference level.

 

POI’s of part 135 and part 91 Subpart K operators may approve reduced ground training in accordance with the ODR tables attached in Appendix C.

 

7.3.1.3 Flight Training

Part 91 operators may be eligible for reduced flight training provided the following E Level Maneuvers are trained to proficiency:

 

E Level Maneuvers

                          NORMAL TAKEOFF

                          STALLS

                          V1 CUT

                          SINGLE ENGINE ILS

                          SINGLE ENGINE MISSED APPROACH

                          TWO ENGINE MISSED APPROACH

                          LANDING OR BALKED LANDING FROM A CIRCLING APPROACH

                          NO FLAP BALKED LANDING

                          NO FLAP APPROACH

                          SINGLE ENGINE LANDING FROM AN ILS

 

The FSB recommends that at least a two hour flight be accomplished when transitioning from the EMB-505 to EMB‑500. POI’s of part 135 and part 91 Subpart K operators may approve reduced flight training hours in approved operator training programs provided the above E Level maneuvers are trained to proficiency.

8.0 SPECIAL FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS

 

The FSB has identified a special flight characteristic in the EMB-500 that all training providers and flight crews should be aware of.

 

That special characteristic is the stick pusher system. The FSB recommends that all pilots in EMB-500 training programs practice and demonstrate this system in flight, or in a simulator, and understand that an altitude loss in a stall can be significant if the stick pusher activates.

In aircraft training, the FSB recommends that this training be conducted during the clean configuration stall maneuver. Be advised an altitude loss of 400-500 feet can be expected at low altitude and a secondary stall is routine on the first attempt

 

9.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR INITIAL CHECKING

 

All checking required by § 61.58, part 91 Subpart K , and part 135 is at Level E. All type rating checks required by sections 61.63 or 61.157 and pilot proficiency checks required by § 61.58 will be administered in accordance with the ATP and Type Rating Practical Test Standard (PTS).

Satisfactory completion of an ATP practical test in the EMB-500, or the addition of a EMB-500 type rating to an existing ATP certificate, may be simultaneously credited for a competency check or instrument-proficiency check, as applicable, in accordance with part 135 or part 91 Subpart K, for pilots who have completed the air carrier’s, or fractional ownership company’s approved training program.

 

9.1 Transition Checking Credit

 

Part 91 applicants for an EMB-500 pilot type rating conducted in accordance with 14 CFR sections 61.63 or 61.157 should receive no credit for maneuvers previously checked in the EMB-505 pilot type rating practical test. part 91 applicants must accomplish a complete practical test in all Areas of Operation required by the PTS for a pilot type rating.

 

POI’s of part 135 and part 91 Subpart K applicants may approve qualification programs that allow checking credits to applicants that have successfully completed the EMB-500 or EMB-505 practical test when transitioning to the other model. At a minimum an applicant for an EMB-505 or EMB-500 pilot type rating that already holds the EMB-500 or EMB-505 pilot type rating should be current and qualified in the operator’s approved program to act as Pilot in Command of the base model and demonstrate competence in the following maneuvers during the practical test for the additional pilot type rating being added:

 

                          NORMAL TAKEOFF

                          STALLS

                          V1 CUT

                          SINGLE ENGINE ILS

                          SINGLE ENGINE MISSED APPROACH

                          TWO ENGINE MISSED APPROACH

                           LANDING OR BALKED LANDING FROM A CIRCLING APPROACH

                          NO FLAP BALKED LANDING

                          NO FLAP APPROACH

                           

 

9.2 Considerations for Checking in the Aircraft

 

The FSB has identified special considerations connected with the administration of a type rating practical test in the EMB-500 airplane.

 

  1. As a general practice, the FSB recommends that examiners not pull CBs during the administration of a practical test since pulling certain CBs may induce the unwanted loss of other equipment due to the complexity of systems integration.

  2. Activation of the emergency gear system should not be accomplished in the aircraft during checking. If the emergency gear system is activated the aircraft must be landed and inspected in accordance with the EMB-500 Airplane Maintenance Manual.

  3. Due to Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR) functions, when closing one or both throttles during takeoff and immediately resuming takeoff with full power, the ATR is ON.

  4. Completing an actual engine shutdown and restart in flight disables the FADEC automatic protection feature. For practice engine restarts, examiners must monitor all engine restart indications and must be prepared to manually shut down the engine before any limitations are exceeded. Additionally, after shutdown the engine ITT should be permitted to cool to 100 degrees C before attempting a restart. The engine should be operated at Idle for an additional 2 minutes prior to applying engine thrust above idle.

  5. No-Flap landings may be evaluated in the aircraft and are required by FAA Order 8900.1 for part 135 PIC checks. Partial or no-flap landings are also required by the Airline Transport Pilot/Type Rating Practical Test Standard. If checked in the aircraft, the examiner or FAA Inspector must be attentive to the flight crew’s airspeed control and available runway length and surface condition. FAA Order 8900.1 allows the examiner or inspector to accept a no-flap landing without an actual touchdown for part 135 PIC checks if, in their opinion, a safe touchdown and landing to a full stop could be made.

 

 10.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Aircraft currency will be maintained or reestablished in accordance with the requirements of sections 61.55, 61.56, 61.57, 61.58 or 135.247, as applicable. Currency requirements between the EMB-500 and EMB-505 are at Level E, which mandates that currency be accomplished in the EMB-500 or EMB-505 model or an approved EMB-500 or EMB-505 Level C or Level D simulator. Because the EMB-500 and the EMB-505 are different and separate pilot type ratings, currency is specific to each model. No credit is allowed for takeoffs or landing accomplished between the two aircraft.

 

PIC currency will apply equally whether the pilot holds an EMB-500 type rating or EMB-500 type rating with the Second in Command required limitation.

 

11.0 FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

 All requests for the use of training devices or flight simulators in an operator’s training program, or at a part 142 approved training center, part 141 approved school, or other training provider, should be addressed to the appropriate FSDO. Requests for device or simulator approval should be made through the POI. Guidance is available in AC 120‑40B, AC 120-45A and FAA Order 8900.1. POI’s should seek additional assistance through the FAA’s National Simulator Program (NSP) Office.

 

The training, checking, and currency requirements of part 61, 135, and part 91 Subpart, as well as the ATP/Type Rating Practical Test Standard, allow partial or full credit in approved training devices and flight simulators. Embraer has partnered with a part 142 training provider for type rating training.

 

Level C training devices have characteristics that are typically part task trainers or FTD Level 2-5 per the following table listed in the section of Operator Difference Requirements (ODR) Tables.

 

12.0 MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDRs)

 

MDR’s are requirements applicable to crew qualification, which pertain to differences between variants of the same or related type. MDR requirements apply when differences between a base aircraft and a variant, or differences between two variants, affect flight crew knowledge, skills, or abilities related to flight safety at differences levels of Level A or greater.

 

MDR Tables for the EMB-505 and EMB-500 are contained in Appendix B.

 

13.0 OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODRs) TABLES

 

ODR’s are operator specific requirements necessary to address differences between a base aircraft and one or more variants in a transition or differences training program that lists compliance methods relative to training, checking and currency. ODR tables consist of design, maneuver and system difference tables.

 

 Difference Levels A through E in the ODR tables using the minimum training methods devices and equipment are described in the table below:

 

 

 

 

 

A

Self-Instruction

“HO” = Handout, Bulletins, Manual Revisions

B

Aided Instruction

“S/T” = Slide/Tape presentations

“CBT” = Computer Based Training

“SU” = Stand-up Lectures

“VT” = Video Tapes

C

System Devices

“ICBT” = Interactive Computer Based Training

“CSS” = Cockpit System Simulators

“CPT” = Cockpit Procedures Trainers

“PTT” = Part Task Trainers

“FTD 2-5” = Flight Training Devices (level 2-5)

D

Maneuver Devices

“FTD 6-7” = Flight training devices (level 6-7)

“FFS A-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level D or lower )

E

Simulator C or D, or Aircraft

“FFS C-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level C or D)

“ACFT” = Aircraft

NOTE: An “X” in an ODR table column indicates that any of the training methods for that level are acceptable. If a specific instruction method is specified in an ODR table column, it must be used. ODR checking and currency level definitions may be found in AC 120-53.

 

 

ODR tables are an acceptable means to comply with MDR requirements based on those differences and the compliance methods shown. FSB recommended ODR tables are described in Appendix C.

 

14.0 MISCELLANEOUS

 

14.1 Proving Tests

 

Proving tests, which may be required by an operator to comply with the requirements of section 135.145, should be conducted in accordance with FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 29.

14.2 Forward Observer Seat

 

A forward observer seat on or near the flight deck, equipped with a headset or speaker, is required to be provided for use by the Administrator during en route inspections by section 135.75 (b) and for the administration of flight tests leading to pilot certification or operating privileges. On small jet aircraft type certificated in accordance with part 23, there generally is no available space for the installation of a jump seat that will meet the intent of the applicable regulations.

 

 The right cockpit seat is the primary seat in the EMB-500 that will substitute as a jump seat for the purposes of the 14 CFR cited above. If the right pilot seat is occupied, an inspector will be required to sit in the nearest available seat in the cabin to perform en route inspections or to administer a flight check if communications, oxygen, adequate lighting and ventilation are available. The aft facing passenger seat behind the passenger entry door on the aircraft left side was evaluated and considered acceptable by the FSB team.

 

14.3 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB)

 

14.3.1 Electronic Checklist

 

An Electronic Checklist (ECL) was retrofitted in the EMB-500 via a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC). The checklist is viewable on the Multifunction Display. It is of the open loop type as the pilot or crewmember must acknowledge the accomplishment of all checklist items. All Normal, Abnormal, and Emergency Procedures contained in the QRH are included. There are some variations of format but the information is functionally identical. The ECL was evaluated in accordance with guidance contained in AC 120-64, Operational Use and Modification of Electronic Checklists, and found to be compliant. The information contained in the ECL cannot be modified by the operator. It is not integrated into any aircraft systems or the CAS. Operators must continue to have the paper back up checklist available. POI’s should review AC 120-64 for Training, Checking, and Currency requirements prior to issuing operational approval for the use of the ECL by the operator’s crews. part 91 operators may develop training, checking, and currency requirements and ECL procedures without any additional FAA involvement.

 

14.3.2 Electronic Charts

 

Three electronic chart applications have been evaluated: SafeTaxi, FliteCharts, and ChartView.

 

14.3.2.1 SafeTaxi is provided by Garmin as standard equipment on the Phenom 100. SafeTaxi may be viewed on the MFD or on the inset screen of either PFD. The scale is changed using the range control knob. Safe Taxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail as the map range is adjusted on the airport.

When zoomed in (using the range and pan control knob) close enough, the airport runways (with numbers), taxiways (with identifying letters), and in some cases buildings, hot spots are displayed. The aircraft symbol moves over the airport diagram as the airplane is taxied.

The SafeTaxi database covers over 700 US airports. It is updated on a 56-day cycle and always available after the expiration date. Garmin intends on having every airport in the US with a control tower in the SafeTaxi database

 

14.3.2.2 FliteCharts are a paper version of the National Aeronautical Charting Office procedure charts and provided by Garmin. FliteCharts are:

}  Displayed on MFD.

}  Have a 28 day revision cycle.

}  Inoperative 180 days after chart expiration date.

}  Not available outside the US.

}  Subscription to the FliteChart service is required.

}  FliteCharts do not have a moving display. It is an electronic display of the paper chart.

 

14.3.2.3 ChartView is the electronic version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts. ChartView is:

}   Displayed on MFD as moving map.

}  Has a 14 day revision cycle.

}  Inoperative 70 days after chart expiration date.

}  Chart databases are available by subscription from Jeppesen, Inc. Included charts are:

• Arrivals (STAR)

• Departure Procedures (DP)

• Approaches

• Airport Diagrams

• NOTAMs

 

14.3.2.4 The FSB recommends the following training:

 

As an Interim Solution (until Web Based Training is developed) - Differences Training Module:

Ground school                     1 hour

Desktop trainer                    1/2 hour

Simulator                             1 hour

Final Solution - Differences Training Module:

Web Based Training + Simulator (All sessions)

No specific checking or currency is required.

15.0 AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE

 

The Aircraft Regulatory Compliance Checklist is of benefit to the FAA Certificate Holding District Office (CHDO) and assigned principal inspectors, because it identifies regulatory and operational requirements for which compliance has already been demonstrated to the FAA for a particular type aircraft or variant model. It is the responsibility of the CHDO to review compliance with FAA rules, policies and processes not covered by the Regulatory Compliance Checklist before the EMB-500 is introduced into commercial service.

The FSB chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed. The FAA General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800, or the FAA Air Transportation Division, AFS-200, must approve alternate means of compliance. If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53B and this FSB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

APPENDIX A - AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST, EMBRAER EMB-500

 DEFINITIONS

Compliant: The compliance with referred item is OPERATOR’s responsibility and EMBRAER provides necessary equipment / feature / manual / information in order to support the OPERATOR to comply with referred statement.

 

Not Compliant: The compliance with referred item is OPERATOR’s responsibility and EMBRAER does not provide necessary equipment / feature / manual / information to support the OPERATOR to perform the referred operation.

 

Optionally Compliant: The compliance with referred item is OPERATOR’s responsibility and EMBRAER provides necessary equipment / feature / manual / information as optional item(s) under OPERATOR’s request to support the OPERATOR to perform the referred operation.

 

Not Applicable: The item is not applicable to this EMBRAER aircraft model.

 

Operator’s Responsibility: The compliance with referred item is exclusively OPERATOR’s responsibility and there are no EMBRAER actions.

 

Definition: The item is a definition statement, no actions are required.

 

Title Only: The item is subdivided and individual sub-items analyses are presented subsequently.

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Amendment 91-327, effective December 6, 2012

Subpart A - General

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

91.1

Applicability.

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

91.3

Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

91.5

Pilot in command of aircraft requiring more than one required pilot.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.7

Civil aircraft airworthiness.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.9

Civil aircraft flight manual, marking, and placard requirements.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.9(a)

Requires operation according to AFM and Marking & Placards

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

 

 91.9(b)

Requires an AFM (or Operation Manual) on board

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with an approved AFM.

 

Agree

 91.9(c)

Compliance with aircraft identification requirements of part 45

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided with all markings required by 14 CFR part 45 .

 

Agree

 91.9(d)

Helicopter operation

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Helicopters.

 

Agree

 91.11

Prohibition on interference with crewmembers.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.13

Careless or reckless operation.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.15

Dropping objects.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.17

Alcohol or drugs.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

-

 

Agree

 91.19

Carriage of narcotic drugs, marihuana, and depressant or stimulant drugs or substances.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.21

Portable electronic devices.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree. PED light provided in Cabin.

 91.23

Truth-in-leasing clause requirement in leases and conditional sales contracts.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.25

Aviation Safety Reporting Program: Prohibition against use of reports for enforcement purposes.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart B - Flight Rules

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.101

Applicability.

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

 91.103

Preflight action.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.105

Flight crewmembers at stations.

Compliant

 

 

 

Agree

 91.107

Use of safety belts, shoulder harnesses, and child restraint systems.

Not Compliant

 

 

Pilot and co-pilot seats are provided with 5‑points restraint system, and passenger seats inside the cabin area are provided with 3‑points restraint system.

The airplane is not provided with child restraint system.

Agree

 91.109

Flight instruction; Simulated instrument flight and certain flight tests.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.111

Operating near other aircraft.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.113

Right-of-way rules: Except water operations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.115

Right-of-way rules: Water operations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to seaplanes.

 

Agree

 91.117

Aircraft speed.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.119

Minimum safe altitudes: General.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.121

Altimeter settings.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.123

Compliance with ATC clearances and instructions.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.125

ATC light signals.

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

 91.126

Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class G airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.127

Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class E airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.129

Operations in Class D airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.130

Operations in Class C airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.131

Operations in Class B airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.133

Restricted and prohibited areas.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.135

Operations in Class A airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.137

Temporary flight restrictions in the vicinity of disaster/hazard areas.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.138

Temporary flight restrictions in national disaster areas in the State of Hawaii.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.139

Emergency air traffic rules.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.141

Flight restrictions in the proximity of the Presidential and other parties.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.143

Flight limitation in the proximity of space flight operations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.144

Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.145

Management of aircraft operations in the vicinity of aerial demonstrations and major sporting events.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.146

Passenger-carrying flights for the benefit of a charitable, nonprofit, or community event.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.147

Passenger carrying flights for compensation or hire.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.151

Fuel requirements for flight in VFR conditions.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.153

VFR flight plan: Information required.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.155

Basic VFR weather minimums.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.157

Special VFR weather minimums.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.159

VFR cruising altitude or flight level.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.167

Fuel requirements for flight in IFR conditions.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.169

IFR flight plan: Information required.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.171

VOR equipment check for IFR operations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.173

ATC clearance and flight plan required.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.175

Takeoff and landing under IFR.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.177

Minimum altitudes for IFR operations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.179

IFR cruising altitude or flight level.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.180

Operations within airspace designated as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.181

Course to be flown.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.183

IFR radio communications.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.185

IFR operations: Two-way radio communications failure.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.187

Operation under IFR in controlled airspace: Malfunction reports.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.189

Category II and III operations: General operating rules.

Not Compliant

 

 

Aircraft is not certificated for Cat II or Cat III operations.

Agree

 91.191

Category II and Category III manual.

Not compliant.

 

 

Aircraft is not certificated for Cat II or Cat III operations.

 

Agree

 91.193

Certificate of authorization for certain Category II operations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Aircraft is not certificated for Cat II or Cat III operations.

 

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart C - Equipment, Instrument, and Certificate Requirements

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.201

[Reserved]

Not Applicable

 

Item is Reserved - no requirement

 

Agree

 91.203

Civil aircraft: Certifications required.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.203(a)

Civil aircraft: Certification documents required.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.203(b)

Civil aircraft: Experimental operation

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.203(c)

Fuel tanks installed inside PAX or baggage compartments

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.203(d)

Compliance with Part 34 required

Compliant

 

 

The PW617F-E engine is certified to part 34 (Engine Type Certificate) Amendment 20 and the emission requirements are specified in AWM 516 (change 516-7. This is equivalent to Part 34 up to and including Amendment 3), which points to the ICAO annex 16 standards.

 

Agree

 91.205

Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. airworthiness certificates: Instrument and equipment requirements.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.205(a)

General: Instruments and equipment must be adequate for each type of operation.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.205(b)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(1)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Airspeed indicator

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is through one Primary Flight Display and one Air Data System.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(2)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Altimeter

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is through one Primary Flight Display and one Air Data System.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(3)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Magnetic direction indicator

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is through one Primary Flight Display and one AHRS.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(4)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR:Tachometer for each engine

Compliant

 

 

There is engine parameters indication (N1 and N2) on MFD.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(5)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Oil pressure gauge for each engine using pressure system

Compliant

 

There is an oil pressure indication on MFD.

 

 

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(6)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Temperature gauge for each liquid-cooled engine

Not Applicable

 

 

EMB-500 does not have a liquid-cooled engine.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(7)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Oil temperature gauge for each air-cooled engine

Compliant

 

 

There is an oil temperature indication on EICAS..

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(8)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Manifold pressure gauge for each altitude engine

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only for aircraft equipped with an altitude engine.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(9)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Fuel gauge indicating the quantity of fuel in each tank

Compliant

 

 

 

EMB-500 fuel system provides fuel quantity indication for each tank show in the Multifunction Display (MFD) - EIS

Agree

 91.205(b)(10)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Landing gear position indicator

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is in the Multifunction Display (MFD) - EIS screen using the data sent by the Landing Gear System.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(11)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Anti-collision light system for small aircraft certified according to part 23 .

Not Compliant

 

 

The EMB-500 aircraft is equipped with approved Anti-collision lights.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(12)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Approved flotation gear readily available to each occupant.

Not Compliant

 

Not compliant

Life jacket pouches are provided under each seat as provisions for life jacket installation.

The airplane may optionally be equipped with life jacket with survival locator light, under operator’s request.

However, the pyrotechnic signaling is not provided.

Agree

 91.205(b)(13)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: An approved safety belt with an approved metal-to-metal latching device for each occupant 2 years of age or older.

Compliant

 

 

Pilot and co-pilot seats are provided with 5‑points restraint system, and passenger seats inside the cabin area are provided with 3‑points restraint system.

Agree

 91.205(b)(14)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Shoulder harness for small aircraft certified according to part 23 .

Compliant

 

 

Cockpit seats are provided with 5-point restraint system, with a fuselage-mounted shoulder harness, designed to protect the occupant from serious head injury when the occupant experiences the ultimate inertia forces specified in Sec. 23.561(b)(2).

According to requirement 23.785(e), each crewmember seated with restraint system fastened is able to perform all functions necessary for flight operations.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(15)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: An emergency locator transmitter, if required by 91.207.

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 has an automatic fixed ELT installed.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(16)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: (day): Shoulder harness.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided with pilot and co-pilot seats, inside the cockpit area, with 5‑points restraint system and passenger seats, inside the cabin area, provided with 3‑points restraint system.

 

Agree

 91.205(b)(17)

Visual flight rules (day) - VFR: Shoulder harness - Rotorcraft

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only for rotorcraft manufactured after September 16, 1992.

 

Agree

 91.205(c)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.205(c)(1)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: Instruments and equipment specified in paragraph (b) of this section.

Compliant

 

 

Item  91.205(b) compliance checked by certification

 

Agree

 91.205(c)(2)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: Approved position lights.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with approved navigation/position lighting system. The locations of these lights are coordinated to provide the required coverage for the airplane.

 

Agree

 91.205(c)(3)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: An approved aviation red or aviation white anti-collision light system.

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 is equipped with approved Anti-collision lights.

 

Agree

 91.205(c)(4)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: Electric landing light.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with two landing lights installed in the belly fairing

Agree

 91.205(c)(5)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: Adequate source of electrical energy.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with adequate source of electrical energy for instruments and equipment

Agree

 91.205(c)(6)

Visual flight rules (night) - VFR: One spare set of fuses.

Not Applicable

 

 

There are no fuses accessible to the flight crew in flight.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)

Instrument flight rules - IFR

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(1)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Instruments and equipment specified.

Compliant

 

 

Compliance with §§ 91.205(b) and 91.205(c) checked by Certification.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(2)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Two-way radio communications system and navigational equipment.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with two integrated units containing navigation (including a VOR/LOC/GS receiver and GPS) and communication (VHF COM) radios.

A single or dual DME, as well as a single ADF may optionally be installed in the airplane, under operator’s request.

Agree

 91.205(d)(3)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Gyroscopic rate-of-turn indicator.

Compliant

 

 

Gyroscopic rate-of-turn indicator may be replaced by a third attitude instrument system usable through flight attitudes of 360 degrees of pitch and roll.

The airplane is equipped with a third attitude instrument.

The third attitude instrument is powered by emergency bus that includes batteries, operates independently of any other attitude indicating system, is located on the instrument panel in a position usable by each pilot at his or her station and is appropriately lighted during all phases of operation.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(4)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Slip-skid indicator.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with a slip-skid indicator at each pilot station.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(5)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure

Agree

 91.205(d)(6)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: A clock.

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is on bottom right of Primary Flight Display screen.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(7)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Generator or alternator.

Compliant

 

 

Compliance with § 23.1351 (a)

Compliance with § 23.1351 (c)

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(8)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Gyroscopic pitch and bank indicator.

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is through one Primary Flight Display and one Attitude and Heading Reference System.

 

Agree

 91.205(d)(9)

Instrument flight rules - IFR: Gyroscopic direction indicator (directional gyro or equivalent).

Compliant

 

 

Compliance is through one Primary Flight Display and one Attitude and Heading Reference System.

 

Agree

 91.205(e)

Flight at and above 24,000 ft MSL (FL 240).

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 is equipped with suitable RNAV system (Global Positioning System - GPS)

 

Agree

 91.205(f)

Category II operations

Not compliant.

 

 

Aircraft is not certified for Cat II capabilities

 

Agree

 91.205(g)

Category III operations

Not compliant.

 

 

Aircraft is not certified for Cat III capabilities

 

Agree

 91.205(h)

Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. airworthiness certificates: Instrument and equipment requirements: Night vision goggle operations.

 

Not compliant.

 

 

The airplane is not approved for night vision goggle operations.

 

 

Agree

 91.207

Emergency locator transmitters.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.207(a)

Emergency locator transmitter.

 

Compliant

EMB-500 has an ELT installed.

Agree

 91.207(b)

Emergency locator transmitter installation.

Compliant

 

 

The automatic fixed ELT is located on the rear fuselage and is attached to the primary structure in such a manner that the probability of damage to the transmitter in the event of crash impact is minimized.

 

Agree

 91.207(c)

Emergency locator transmitter - maintenance and operation - Batteries.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

The ELT battery is inspected and assembled according to manufacturer's Installation Procedure and recorded at FS1 Document (life time control).

However, it is an operator's responsibility to maintain it in operative condition.

 

 

Agree

 91.207(d)

Emergency locator transmitter - maintenance and operation - inspections.

Compliant

 

 

 

Agree

 91.207(e)

Emergency locator transmitter - maintenance and operation - exemption - ferry flights.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.207(f)

Emergency locator transmitter - maintenance and operation - exemptions.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.209

Aircraft Lighting System - installation and operation.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with approved navigation/position lighting system. The locations of these lights are coordinated to provide the required coverage for the airplane

Agree

 91.211

Supplemental oxygen: pressurized cabin Operational altitudes and technical requirements

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.211(a)

General

Compliant

 

The airplane operates with cabin pressure altitudes up to 8,000 feet equivalent pressure. In the event of a decompression, emergency oxygen is provided to all occupants. Two hours for crew and 30 minutes for passengers for the descent to 10,000 feet in less than 30 minutes.

The oxygen system includes a cockpit pressure display for monitoring the system status, as well as pressure sensors in the low pressure supply line.

Each crew mask stowage box includes a flow indicator to show when oxygen flow is supplied to the mask. The indicator is a pneumatic "star burst" attached to the valve and visible through the door. Each passenger mask includes a flow indicator to show when oxygen is flowing to the mask.

The crew mask has a 100% setting to supply undiluted oxygen at all altitudes, including those above 25,000 feet.

 

Agree

 91.211(b)

Pressurized cabin aircraft.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane operates with cabin pressure altitudes up to 8,000 feet equivalent pressure. In the event of a decompression, emergency oxygen is provided to all occupants. Two hours for crew and 30 minutes for passengers for the descent to 10,000 feet in less than 30 minutes.

The oxygen system includes a cockpit pressure display for monitoring the system status, as well as pressure sensors in the low pressure supply line.

Each crew mask stowage box includes a flow indicator to show when oxygen flow is supplied to the mask. The indicator is a pneumatic "star burst" attached to the valve and visible through the door. Each passenger mask includes a flow indicator to show when oxygen is flowing to the mask.

The crew mask has a 100% setting to supply undiluted oxygen at all altitudes, including those above 25,000 feet.

 

Agree

 91.213

Inoperative instruments and equipment.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.213(a)

Inoperative instruments and equipment - Approved Minimum Equipment List

Compliant

 

 

The MMEL is provided to the operator to support the MEL elaboration. The MEL approval is operator’s responsibility.

 

Agree

 91.213(b)

Inoperative instruments and equipment - Use of MEL.

Compliant

 

 

The MMEL is provided to the operator to support the MEL elaboration. The MEL approval is operator’s responsibility

Agree

 91.213(c)

Inoperative instruments and equipment - Use of MEL.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.213(d)

Inoperative instruments and equipment - Use of MEL.

Not applicable

 

 

Applicable only to small rotorcraft, nonturbine-powered small airplane, glider, or lighter-than-air airplane for which a Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) has or has not been developed

 

Agree

 91.213(e)

Inoperative instruments and equipment - Use of MEL.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.215

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use.

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with transponder which is approved according to TSO-C112 (Mode S) requirements.

 

 

Agree

 91.215(a)

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use. All airspace [operations NOT conducted under part 121 or 135]

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 is equipped with a Mode S Transponder

 

Agree

 91.215(b)

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use. All airspace - operations conducted under part 121 or 135.

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 is equipped with a Mode S Transponder.

 

Agree

 91.215(c)

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use. All airspace - operations conducted under part 121 or 135.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.215(d)

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use. All airspace - operations conducted under part 121 or 135.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.217

Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot's altitude reference.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.217(a)

Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot's altitude reference: Operation of any automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment associated with a radar beacon transponder.

 

Title Only

 

-

 

 

 91.217(a)(1)

Operation of any automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment associated with a radar beacon transponder: Deactivation of that equipment is directed by ATC.

 

Operator’s Responsibility

 

-

 

 

 91.217(a)(2)

Operation of any automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment associated with a radar beacon transponder: Equipment tested and calibrated to transmit altitude data corresponding within 125 feet (on a 95 percent probability basis) of the indicated or calibrated datum of the altimeter.

 

Compliant

 

The airplane is equipped with Mode S Transponder that is installed and calibrated to report altitude data within 125 ft of the data being presented to the left-seating pilot and/or being used by the auto-pilot, when the latter is active.

 

 

 91.217(a)(3)

Operation of any automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment associated with a radar beacon transponder: The altimeters and digitizers in that equipment meet the standards of TSO-C10b and TSO-C88, respectively.

 

Compliant

 

The Air Data System is approved according to TSO-C106 requirements.

 

 

 91.217(b)

Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot's altitude reference: Aircraft equipped with both a transponder and ADS-B Out.

 

Not Compliant

 

The airplane is not equipped with ADS-B Out.

 

 

 91.217(c)

Altimeters and digitizers standards.

Not Applicable

 

 

Compliance on item (b)

 

Agree

 91.219

Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-powered civil airplanes.

 

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.219(a)

Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-powered civil airplane

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with altitude alerting system which provides adequate aural and visual alerting signals to the pilot.

 

Agree

 91.219(b)

Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-powered civil airplane

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with altitude alerting system which provides adequate aural and visual alerting signals to the pilot

Agree

 91.219(c)

Altitude alerting system or device operation.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.219(d)

Altitude alerting system or device operation.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.221

Traffic alert and collision avoidance system equipment and use.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.221(a)

Traffic alert and collision avoidance system equipment and use.

Optionally Compliant

 

 

The airplane, in its basic configuration, is not equipped with TCAS.

The airplane may optionally be equipped with TCAS I or TCAS II (Change 7.0 or 7.1) and is compatible with RVSM operations, under operator’s request.

Agree

 91.221(b)

Traffic alert and collision avoidance system equipment and use.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.223

Terrain awareness and warning system.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.223(a)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 has a TAWS class B as baseline.

 

Agree

 91.223(b)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

Not Applicable

 

 

Aircraft manufactured after March 29,2002

 

Agree

 91.223(c)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System - operation

Compliant

 

 

The AFM will contain appropriate procedures for the use of the terrain awareness and warning system; and proper flight crew reaction in response to the terrain awareness and warning system audio and visual warning.

 

Agree

 91.223(d)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System - operation

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.225

 

Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out equipment and use.

 

Not Compliant

 

The airplane is not equipped with ADS-B Out.

This section requires the airplane be equipped with ADS-B Out qualified as TSO-C166b from January 1, 2020.

 

Agree

 91.227

 

Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out equipment performance requirements.

Concur, Incorporated

Not Compliant

 

The airplane is not equipped with ADS-B Out.

This section requires the airplane be equipped with ADS-B Out qualified as TSO-C166b from January 1, 2020.

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart D - Special Flight Operations

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.301

Reserved

Not Applicable

 

Reserved

 

Agree

 91.303

Aerobatic flight.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.305

Flight test areas.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.307

Parachutes and parachuting.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.309

Towing: Gliders and unpowered ultralight vehicles.

 

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.311

Towing: Other than under &  91.309.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.313

Restricted category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.315

Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.317

Provisionally certificated civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.319

Aircraft having experimental certificates: Operating limitations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.321

Carriage of candidates in elections.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.323

Increased maximum certificated weights for certain airplanes operated in Alaska.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplane type certificated under Aeronautics Bulletin No. 7-A of the U.S. Department of Commerce dated January 1, 1931, as amended, or under the normal category of part 4a of the former Civil Air Regulations

 

Agree

 91.325

Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations.

 

 

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to primary category aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.327

Aircraft having a special airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category: Operating limitations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category.

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart E - Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.401

Applicability.

Not Applicable

 

Administrative Item.

 

Agree

 91.403

General.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.405

Maintenance required.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.407

Operation after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.409

Inspections.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.409(a)

Annual Inspection

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 is delivered with airworthiness certificate released.

 

Agree

 91.409(b)

Annual or 100-hour inspection

Compliant

 

 

While the airplane is under EMBRAER responsibility, it is not operated by any person for hire, and no person give flight instruction for hire.

 

Agree

 91.409(c)

Inspections program.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.409(d)

Progressive inspection program

Compliant

 

 

The EMBRAER Recommended Scheduled Maintenance Program will be included in the Aircraft Maintenance Manual

 

Agree

 91.409(e)

Replacement times for life-limited parts

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.409(f)

Inspections program - definition and selection.

Compliant

 

 

EMBRAER recommends a Scheduled Maintenance Program included in AMM.

 

TBD

 91.409(g)

Inspections program - approval and change.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.409(h)

Inspections program - approval and change.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.410

Reserved

Not Applicable

 

 

Reserved

 

Agree

 91.411

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.411(a)

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

The anemometric system is tested on production process.

.

 

Agree

 91.411(b)

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

The anemometric system is tested on production process.

 

Agree

 91.411(c)

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

Altimeter and altitude reporting equipment are approved under Technical Standard Orders.

 

Agree

 91.411(d)

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

The anemometric system is tested at an altitude of 41,000 feet.

 

 

Agree

 91.413

ATC transponder tests and inspections.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.413(a)

ATC transponder tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

The transponder is tested on production process.

 

Agree

 91.413(b)

ATC transponder tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

EMBRAER perform the tests and inspections on the ATC transponder installed.

 

Agree

 91.413(c)

ATC transponder tests and inspections.

Compliant

 

 

EMBRAER perform the tests and inspections on the ATC transponder installed.

 

Agree

 91.415

Changes to aircraft inspection programs.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.417

Maintenance records.

Compliant

 

 

For each new airplane delivered, maintenance recording are issued to demonstrate that all requirements for issuance of airworthiness were complied. The total time in service of the engine, propeller, and rotor are registered in the log book.

 

Agree

 91.419

Transfer of maintenance records.

Compliant

 

 

All maintenance records are transferred to the customer, at the time of the sale.

 

Agree

 91.421

Rebuilt engine maintenance records.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart F - Large and Turbine-Powered Multiengine Airplanes and Fractional Ownership Program Aircraft

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.501

Additional operating rules governing operation of large and turbojet-powered airplanes.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

-

 

Agree

 91.503

Flying equipment and operating information.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.503(a)

Flying equipment and operating information.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.503(a)(1)

Accessible flying equipment and aeronautical charts and data: Flashlight.

 

Compliant

 

 

Flashlights are provided on the cockpit, installed behind each pilot seat.

 

Agree

 91.503(a)(2)

Accessible flying equipment and aeronautical charts and data: Cockpit checklist.

 

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures.

 

Agree

 91.503(a)(3)

Accessible flying equipment and aeronautical charts and data: Aeronautical charts

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.503(a)(4)

Accessible flying equipment and aeronautical charts and data: Pertinent chart.

 

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.503(a)(5)

Accessible flying equipment and aeronautical charts and data: Performance data.

 

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the required performance data.

 

Agree

 91.503(b)

Flying equipment and operating information

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures

TBD

 91.503(c)

Flying equipment and operating information

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures.

TBD

 91.503(d)

Various operational requirements

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.505

Familiarity with operating limitations and emergency equipment.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.507

Equipment requirements: Over-the-top or night VFR operations.

Compliant

 

 

Compliance with  91.205(d).

EMB-500 is equipped with two wing root Landing Lights.

 

Agree

 91.509

Survival equipment for overwater operations.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.509(a)

Survival equipment for over water operations (50 nautical miles from the nearest shore).

Optionally Compliant

 

 

Life jacket pouches are provided under each seat as provisions for life jacket installation.

The airplane may optionally be equipped with life jacket with survival locator light, under operator’s request.

Provided in order to allow its installation whenever required.

 

Agree

 91.509(b)

Survival equipment for overwater operations (30 minutes flying or 100 nautical miles from the nearest shore).

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.509(b)(1)

Survival equipment for overwater operations: life preserver

Optionally Compliant

 

 

Life jacket pouches are provided under each seat as provisions for life jacket installation.

The airplane may optionally be equipped with life jacket with survival locator light, under operator’s request.

 

Agree

 91.509(b)(2)

Survival equipment for overwater operations: life rafts

Not Compliant

 

 

The airplane is not provided with life raft

Agree

 91.509(b)(3)

Survival equipment for overwater operations: pyrotechnic signaling device

Not compliant

 

 

The airplane is not provided with pyrotechnic signaling device.

 

Agree

 91.509(b)(4)

Survival equipment for overwater operations: portable emergency radio signaling device

Not Compliant

 

 

The airplane is not provided with survival ELT.

 

Agree

 91.509(b)(5)

Survival equipment for overwater operations: lifeline

Not Compliant

 

 

The airplane is not provided with lifeline.

 

Agree

 91.509(c)

Survival equipment for overwater operations (30 minutes flying or 100 nautical miles from the nearest shore).

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.509(d)

Devices must be installed in conspicuously marked locations and easily accessible

Optionally Compliant

 

 

Life vests are offered as optional items, and if installed, are conspicuously marked.

 

Agree

 91.509(e)

Survival kit, appropriately equipped for the route to be flown

Not Compliant

 

 

 

The airplane is not provided with survival kit.

 

Agree

 91.509(f)

Definition of Shore

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511

Radio equipment for overwater operations.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(a)

Radio equipment for over water operations

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(a)(1)

Radio equipment for overwater operations: Radio communication equipment

Optionally Compliant

 

 

 

The airplane is equipped with two integrated units containing communication (VHF COM) radios.

Both communication radios have two-way voice communication capability.

The airplane may optionally be equipped with single HF, under operator’s request.

 

Agree

 91.511(a)(2)

Radio equipment for overwater operations: electronic navigational equipment

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with two integrated units containing navigation radios (including a VOR/LOC/GS receiver and GPS).

A single or dual DME, as well as a single ADF may optionally be installed in the airplane, under operator’s request.

 

Agree

 91.511(b)

Definition of independent receiver or electronic navigation unit as required in  91.511 (a)

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(c)

Various operational requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(d)

Various operational requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(e)

Definition of Shore.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.511(f)

Authorized routes to operate with an operational single long-range navigation system.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.513

Emergency equipment.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.513(a)

Emergency equipment definition and installation

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.513(b)

Emergency equipment.

Introduction

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.513(b)(1)

Emergency equipment inspection

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.513(b)(2)

Emergency equipment definition and installation

Compliant

 

 

Each required item of equipment is readily accessible to the flight crew.

 

Agree

 91.513(b)(3)

Emergency equipment definition and installation

Compliant

 

 

All equipment possesses a clear indication of its method of operation, by means of an inscription of the equipment itself, or a placard.

 

Agree

 91.513(b)(4)

Emergency equipment definition and installation

Compliant

 

All compartments which have emergency equipment installed on its interior are marked for its content identification. The date of last inspection is informed on the airplane documentation.

 

 

Agree

 91.513(c)

Hand fire extinguishers

Compliant

One fire extinguisher is provided in the cockpit area, behind the copilot seat, filled with Halon 1211/1301 blend rated for classes B and C types of fire. For airplanes with seats configuration of 8 occupants, one hand fire extinguisher is installed in the passenger cabin, under operator’s request.

 

 

Agree

 91.513(d)

First Aid kits

Compliant

 

 

A first aid kit is provided inside the passenger cabin.

 

Agree

 91.513(e)

Crash Axe

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with a capacity for more than 19 passengers.

 

Agree

 91.513(f)

Megaphone

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplanes with a seating capacity of more than 60.

 

Agree

 91.515

Flight altitude rules.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.517

Passenger information.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.517(a)

Passenger information

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided with pictorial type "No Smoking" placard and illuminated "Fasten Seat Belt" signal at visible location to all occupants.

The "Fasten Seat Belt" signal is turned on and off by flight crewmembers in the cockpit

Agree

 91.517(b)

Crew and PAX requirements

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplane which is not required to be equipped with "Fasten Seat Belt" and "No Smoking" signals

Agree

 91.517(c)

Crew and PAX requirements

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.517(d)

Crew and PAX requirements

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.517(e)

Crew and PAX requirements

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.519

Passenger briefing.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.519(a)

Passenger briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.519(b)

Passenger briefing

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.519(b)(1)

Passenger briefing: PAX cards

Compliant

 

 

Briefing cards containing the method of operation of the emergency exits are provided for all passengers.

 

TBD

 91.519(b)(2)

Passenger briefing

Compliant

 

 

For all equipment installed by EMBRAER:

a)instructions are provided on the equipment itself describing its operation, or

b)there is a placard near the equipment installing position describing its operation, or

c) Instructions are provided on the briefing card.

 

TBD

91.519(c)

Passenger briefing: Location for PAX cards

Compliant

 

 

Briefing cards are related only to the specific characteristics of the EMB-500.

Briefing cards are installed on the magazine holders, adjacent to each passenger seat.

 

TBD

 91.519(d)

Passenger briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.521

Shoulder harness.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to transport category airplane.

 

Agree

 91.523

Carry-on baggage.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only for aircraft with a seating capacity for more than 19 passengers

 

Agree

 91.525

Carriage of cargo.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.525(a)

Carriage of cargo:

Requirements

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

.

 

Agree

 91.525(b)

Carriage of cargo - Cargo compartments that require physical entry.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplane with cargo compartments that are designed to require the physical entry of a crewmember to extinguish any fire that may occur during flight -

 

Agree

 91.527

Operating in icing conditions.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.527(a)

Operating in icing conditions

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.527(b)

Operating in icing conditions: flight under IFR, VFR or severe icing conditions

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is approved to operate in know icing conditions. EMB-500 have ice protection system installed on the following regions:

Wing Leading edges; Horizontal Stabilizer Leading edges; Nacelle inlet; Windshield; Air probes. The AFM states all procedures and limitations of operation in icing conditions

 

Agree

 91.527(c)

Operating in icing conditions: flight under IFR, VFR or severe icing conditions

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 have ice protection system installed on the following regions:

Wing Leading edges; Horizontal Stabilizer Leading edges; Nacelle inlet; Windshield; Air probes.

 

Agree

 91.527(d)

Operating in icing conditions - non-icing forecast.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.529

Flight engineer requirements.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only for aircraft type certificated with a flight engineer.

 

Agree

 91.531

Second in command requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.533

Flight attendant requirements.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with more than 19 passengers on board.

 

Agree

 91.535

Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart G - Additional Equipment and Operating Requirements for Large and Transport Category Aircraft

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.601

Applicability.

Not Applicable

 

Applicable only to Large and Transport Category Aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.603

Aural speed warning device.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Transport Category Airplanes

 

Agree

 91.605

Transport category civil airplane weight limitations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Transport Category Airplanes

 

Agree

 91.607

Emergency exits for airplanes carrying passengers for hire.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to large aircraft type certificated under the Civil Air Regulations effective before April 9, 1957.

 

Agree

 91.609

Flight recorders and cockpit voice recorders.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.609(a)

Authorized flights without equipment installed or inoperative - holder of an air carrier operating certificate or an operating certificate.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.609(b)

Authorized flights without equipment installed or inoperative - operator other than the holder of an air carrier or a commercial operator certificate.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.609(c)

Flight data and cockpit voice recorders - features.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft having a passenger seating configuration, excluding any pilot seats, of 10 or more

 

Agree

 91.609(d)

Flight data and cockpit voice recorders - operation.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicability related to item  91.609(c)

 

Agree

 91.609(e)

Flight data and cockpit voice recorders:

CVR features and operation

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is equipped with one CVDR which is compliant with § 23.1457(a)(1) and(2),(b),(c),(d),(e),(f),and (g),that operates continuously from the use of checklist before flight to completion of the final checklist at the end of flight.

 

Agree

 91.609(f)

Cockpit voice recorder - recording and erasing features.

Compliant

 

 

 

Agree

 91.609(g)

Flight data and cockpit voice recorders - operator’s obligations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.609(h)

Cockpit voice recorder - data required

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplane required by this section to have a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data recorder, that is manufactured before April 7, 2010.

.

Agree

 91.609(i)

Cockpit voice recorder - data required

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to airplane required by this section to have a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data recorder, that is manufactured before April 7, 2010.

 

Agree

 91.609(j)

Cockpit voice recorder - data link communication

Not Applicable

 

 

.Applicable only to airplane required by this section to have a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data recorder that installs datalink communication equipment on or after April 6, 2012.

 

 

Agree

 91.611

Authorization for ferry flight with one engine inoperative.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with three or four engines.

 

Agree

 91.613

Materials for compartment interiors.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Large Aircraft

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart H - Foreign Aircraft Operations and Operations of U.S.-Registered Civil Aircraft Outside of the United States; and Rules Governing Persons on Board Such Aircraft

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.701

Applicability.

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

 91.702

Persons on board.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.703

Operations of civil aircraft of U.S. registry outside of the United States.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.705

Operations within airspace designated as Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.706

Operations within airspace designed as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Airspace.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.707

Flights between Mexico or Canada and the United States.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.709

Operations to Cuba.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.711

Special rules for foreign civil aircraft.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to foreign civil airplane when operating within the United States.

 

Agree

 91.713

Operation of civil aircraft of Cuban registry.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Cuban registered aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.715

Special flight authorizations for foreign civil aircraft.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft not registered in USA.

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart I - Operating Noise Limits

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.801

Applicability: Relation to part 36 .

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

 91.803

Part 125 operators: Designation of applicable regulations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to Part 125 eligible aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.805

Final compliance: Subsonic airplanes.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with MTOW of more than 75,000 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.815

Agricultural and fire fighting airplanes: Noise operating limitations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to propeller-driven, small airplanes having standard airworthiness certificates that are designed for "agricultural aircraft operations" or for dispensing fire fighting materials.

 

Agree

 91.817

Civil aircraft sonic boom.

Not Applicable

 

Applicable only to supersonic aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.819

Civil supersonic airplanes that do not comply with part 36 .

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to supersonic aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.821

Civil supersonic airplanes: Noise limits.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to supersonic aircraft.

 

Agree

 91.851

Definitions.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.853

Final compliance: Civil subsonic airplanes.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with MTOW superior to 75,000 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.855

Entry and nonaddition rule.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with MTOW superior to 75,000 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.857

Stage 2 operations outside of the 48 contiguous United States.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.858

Special flight authorizations for non-revenue Stage 2 operations.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with MTOW superior to 75,000 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.859

Modification to meet Stage 3 or Stage 4 noise levels.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with MTOW superior to 75,000 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.861

Base level.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.863

Transfers of Stage 2 airplanes with base level.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.865

Phased compliance for operators with base level.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.867

Phased compliance for new entrants.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.869

Carry-forward compliance.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.871

Waivers from interim compliance requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.873

Waivers from final compliance.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.875

Annual progress reports.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.877

Annual reporting of Hawaiian operations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart J - Waivers

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.901

Reserved

Not Applicable

 

Reserved.

 

Agree

 91.903

Policy and procedures.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.905

List of rules subject to waivers.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart K - Fractional Ownership Operations

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.1001

Applicability.

Definition

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1002

Compliance date.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1003

Management contract between owner and program manager.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1005

Prohibitions and limitations.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1007

Flights conducted under part 121 or part 135 of this chapter.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1009

Clarification of operational control.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1011

Operational control responsibilities and delegation.

 

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1013

Operational control briefing and acknowledgment.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1014

Issuing or denying management specifications.

Not Applicable

 

 

Administrative Instructions.

 

Agree

 91.1015

Management specifications.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1017

Amending program manager's management specifications.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1019

Conducting tests and inspections.

Not Applicable

 

 

Administrative.

 

Agree

 91.1021

Internal safety reporting and incident/accident response.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1023

Program operating manual requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1025

Program operating manual contents.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1027

Recordkeeping.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1029

Flight scheduling and locating requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1031

Pilot in command or second in command: Designation required.

 

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1033

Operating information required.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1033(a)

Operating information required

Introduction

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1033(a)(1)

Operating information required: cockpit checklist

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures.

 

Agree

 91.1033(a)(2)

Operating information required: emergency cockpit checklist

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures.

 

Agree

 91.1033(a)(3)

Operating information required: aeronautical charts

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1033(a)(4)

Operating information required: navigational en route, terminal area, and instrument approach procedure charts

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1033(b)

Operating information required: cockpit checklist

Compliant

 

 

EMBRAER will prepare and furnish the operation manuals, with the cockpit checklist included, inside each factory delivered airplane.

 

Agree

 91.1033(c)

Operating information required: emergency cockpit checklist

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided to the operator with a set of operations manuals which contain the cockpit checklist with Normal, Abnormal and Emergency Procedures.

 

Agree

 91.1035

Passenger awareness.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1035(a)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1035(b)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1035(c)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1035(d)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1035(e)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

The use of a recording playback device to deliver the oral briefing to passengers is operator's responsibility.

The basic IFE system, which is not intended to perform oral briefings, could be used for a CD playback but it is operator's responsibility to guarantee the minimum audibility level for all the passengers. Since the IFE system is not an essential system for the airplane operation, it is also operator's responsibility to guarantee that all passengers have heard the briefings.

 

Agree

 91.1035(f)

Passenger awareness: Passenger Briefing Printed Cards

Compliant

 

 

The airplane is provided with briefing cards which contain the method of operation of the emergency exits and instructions for use of all emergency equipment.

The briefing cards are installed on the magazine holders, adjacent to each passenger seat, and contain specific characteristics of the airplane.

 

Agree

 91.1037

Large transport category airplanes: Turbine engine powered; Limitations; Destination and alternate airports.

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to turbine engine powered large transport category airplane.

 

Agree

 91.1039

IFR takeoff, approach and landing minimums.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1041

Aircraft proving and validation tests.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1043

Reserved

Not Applicable

 

 

Reserved

 

Agree

91.1045

Additional equipment requirements.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1045(a)

Additional equipment requirements

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with a passenger-seat configuration of more than 30 seats or a payload capacity of more than 7,500 pounds.

 

Agree

 91.1045(b)

Additional equipment requirements

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1045(b)(1)

Additional equipment requirements: cockpit voice recorder

Not Applicable

 

 

The airplane is equipped with a CVDR which is compliant with § 23.1457 (a)(1) and (2), (b), (c), (d)(1)(i), (2) and (3), (e), (f) and (g), and operates continuously from the use of checklist before flight to completion of the final checklist at the end of flight.

 

Agree

 91.1045(b)(2)

Additional equipment requirements: flight recorder

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to multi-engine, turbine-engine powered airplane or rotorcraft having a passenger seating configuration, excluding any required crewmember seat, of 10 to 19 seats.

 

Agree

 91.1045(b(3)

Additional equipment requirements: terrain awareness and warning system

Compliant

 

 

EMB-500 has a TAWS B as baseline.

 

Agree

 91.1045(b)(4)

Additional equipment requirements: traffic alert and collision avoidance system

 

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to turbine powered airplane that has a passenger seat configuration, excluding any pilot seat, of 10 to 30 seats.

 

Agree

 91.1045(b)(5)

Additional equipment requirements: Airborne weather radar

Not Applicable

 

 

Applicable only to aircraft with a passenger seating configuration, excluding any pilot seat, of 10 seats or more.

 

Agree

 91.1047

Drug and alcohol misuse education program.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1049

Personnel.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1051

Pilot safety background check.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1053

Crewmember experience.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1055

Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1057

Flight, duty and rest time requirements: All crewmembers.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1059

Flight time limitations and rest requirements: One or two pilot crews.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1061

Augmented flight crews.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1062

Duty periods and rest requirements: Flight attendants.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1063

Testing and training: Applicability and terms used.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1065

Initial and recurrent pilot testing requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1067

Initial and recurrent flight attendant crewmember testing requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1069

Flight crew: Instrument proficiency check requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1071

Crewmember: Tests and checks, grace provisions, training to accepted standards.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1073

Training program: General.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1075

Training program: Special rules.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1077

Training program and revision: Initial and final approval.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1079

Training program: Curriculum.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1081

Crewmember training requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1083

Crewmember emergency training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1085

Hazardous materials recognition training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1087

Approval of aircraft simulators and other training devices.

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1089

Qualifications: Check pilots (aircraft) and check pilots (simulator).

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1091

Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator).

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1093

Initial and transition training and checking: Check pilots (aircraft), check pilots (simulator).

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1095

Initial and transition training and checking: Flight instructors (aircraft), flight instructors (simulator).

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1097

Pilot and flight attendant crewmember training programs.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1099

Crewmember initial and recurrent training requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1101

Pilots: Initial, transition, and upgrade ground training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1103

Pilots: Initial, transition, upgrade, requalification, and differences flight training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1105

Flight attendants: Initial and transition ground training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1107

Recurrent training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1109

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1109(a)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1109(a)(1)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program - Instructions and procedures for the conduct of inspections

 

Compliant

 

 

Embraer Recommended Scheduled Maintenance Program is included in the AMM.

The instructions and procedures required to execute the airplane inspections is provided in the AMM, and for correction of discrepancies found is provided in the Fault Isolation Manual.

 

Agree

 91.1109(a)(2)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program - schedule for performing the inspections

 

Compliant

 

 

Embraer Recommended Scheduled Maintenance Program is included in the AMM.

 

TBD

 91.1109(a)(3)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program - person responsible for scheduling the inspections

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1109(b)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program

Compliant

 

 

Embraer Recommended Scheduled Maintenance Program is included in the AMM.

The instructions and procedures required to execute the airplane inspections is provided in the AMM, and for correction of discrepancies found is provided in the Fault Isolation Manual.

.

 

Agree

 91.1109(c)

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1111

Maintenance training.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1113

Maintenance recordkeeping.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115

Inoperable instruments and equipment.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(a)

Inoperable instruments and equipment.

Title Only

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(a)(1)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: Minimum Equipment List

Compliant

 

 

The MMEL is provided to the operator to support the MEL elaboration. The MEL approval is operator’s responsibility.

Agree

 91.1115(a)(2)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: management specifications

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(a)(3)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: MEL

Compliant

 

 

The MMEL is provided to the operator to support the MEL elaboration. The MEL approval is operator’s responsibility.

Agree

 91.1115(a)(4)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: records

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(a)(5)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: operations

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(b)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: MEL limitations

Compliant

 

 

The MMEL is provided to the operator to support the MEL elaboration. The MEL approval is operator’s responsibility.

Agree

 91.1115(c)

Inoperable instruments and equipment: special flight permit

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1115(d)

Inoperable instruments and equipment

Definition

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1411

Continuous airworthiness maintenance program use by fractional ownership program manager.

Compliant

 

 

The EMBRAER Recommended Scheduled Maintenance Program will be included in the Aircraft Maintenance Manual

 

TBD

 91.1413

CAMP: Responsibility for airworthiness.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1415

CAMP: Mechanical reliability reports.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1417

CAMP: Mechanical interruption summary report.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1423

CAMP: Maintenance organization.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1425

CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1427

CAMP: Manual requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

-

 

Agree

 91.1429

CAMP: Required inspection personnel.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1431

CAMP: Continuing analysis and surveillance.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1433

CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1435

CAMP: Certificate requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1437

CAMP: Authority to perform and approve maintenance.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1439

CAMP: Maintenance recording requirements.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1441

CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 91.1443

CAMP: Airworthiness release or aircraft maintenance log entry.

Operator’s Responsibility

 

 

-

 

Agree

 

 

EMB-500, Part 91 Compliance

Subpart L - Continued Airworthiness and Safety Improvements

 

 

SECTION

TITLE

COMPLIANCE

REMARKS

FSB FINDING

 91.1501

Purpose and definition

Definition