U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

Revision: Original

Date: 08/14/2013

Gulfstream G-II (G-1159)

 

 

Thomas L. Witts

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

Federal Aviation Administration

Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group

3960 Paramount Blvd., Suite 100

Lakewood, CA 90712-4137

Telephone:

(562) 627-5317

FAX:

(562) 627-5210

 

 


RECORD OF REVISIONS

Revision Number

Section

Pages Affected

Date

Original

All

All

08/14/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE

This is the original G-II (G-1159) FSB Report.


 

CONTENTS

 

SECTION                                                                                                                PAGE  

 

       RECORD OF REVISIONS……………………………………………………….…1

 

       HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGE……………………………………………………......2

 

       CONTENTS…………………………………………………………………………3

 

1.    PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY…………………………………………………5

 

2.    PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENT…………………………………………...7

 

3.    MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR)…………………………….…7

 

4.    OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES……………….....7

 

5.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING…………………………………………7

 

6.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING………………………………………..8

 

7.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY…………………………………….….9

 

8.    FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENT EXPERIENCE…………………………....9  

 

9.    AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST………………….…… 9

 

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS……………….…...9

 

11.  APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT……………………………………………….....9

 

12.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE…………………………………….…..9

 

13.  MISCELLANEOUS………...…………………………………………………….…10

 

 


 

 

CONTENTS

 

APPENDIX 1   MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE……......11

                          [Reserved]

   

APPENDIX 2 SAMPLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

                         (ODR) TABLES [Reserved] ….……………….... …………………….12

 

APPENDIX 3   AIRCRAFT COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST............................................13

 

APPENDIX 4   HONEYWELL EPIC CONTROL DISPLAY SYSTEM ……………...14

                          RETROFIT (CDS/R)

 

APPENDIX 5   SAGEM AVIONICS INTEGRATED COCKPIT DISPLAY ……........21

                          [ICDS]

 

APPENDIX 6   UNIVERSAL AVIONICS EFI-890R FLIGHT DISPLAY

                          SYSTEM …………………………………………………………...….28

 

APPENDIX 7   HONEYWELL NZ-2000 FMS 6.1 SOFTWARE WITH

                          SBAS/LPV GPS……………………………………………………......35


 

1.  PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

 

1.1 This report specifies master training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to crews operating G-II (G-1159) aircraft under 14 CFR part 91, 125, and 135. Provisions of this report:

 

a)          Identify the pilot "type rating" assigned to the G-II (G-1159),

 

b)          Describe any unique requirement applicable to initial, differences or recurrent training,

 

c)          Describe Master Difference Requirements (MDR) for flight crews requiring differences qualification for mixed-fleet-flying or differences, if applicable,

 

d)          Provide examples of Operator Difference Requirements (ODR) tables, if applicable,

 

e)          Describe acceptable training program and training device characteristics when necessary to establish compliance with applicable regulations, and MDR tables, if applicable.

 

f)              Identify checking and currency standards to be applied by the FAA or operators and,

 

g)          Provide a listing of regulatory compliance status (compliance checklist) for 14 CFR part 91, 125, & 135, Advisory Circulars (AC), and other operationally related criteria.

 

1.2 This report addresses G-II (G-1159) aircraft as specified in FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) # A12EA.

 

1.3 The provisions of this Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent revisions to this report.

 

1.4 Determinations made in this report are based on the evaluations of a G-II (G-1159) aircraft equipped in a production configuration and in accordance with current regulations and guidance. Modifications and differences made to the model described herein, or introduction of new related aircraft, may require amendment of the findings in this report. The FSB reserves responsibility/authority to re-evaluate and modify sections of this report based on new or revised Advisory Circular material or revisions to 14 CFR part 91, 125, & 135, aircraft operating experience, or the testing of new or modified aircraft under the provisions of AC 120-53, Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations, as revised.


 

1.5 Terminology. The term "must" is used in this FSB report even though it is recognized that this report provides one acceptable means, but not necessarily the only means of compliance with 14 CFR part 91, 125, and 135 requirements. This terminology acknowledges the need for operators to fully comply with this FSB report and MDR and ODR provisions, if applicable, if AC 120-53 is to be used by the operator as the means of complying with 14 CFR part 91, 125 and 135 requirements.

 

1.6 This report includes:

 

a) Minimum training, checking, and currency requirements for FAA field offices to use for approving operator programs (e.g. MDRs, Type Rating designations, etc.);

 

b) General advisory information which may be approved for that operator (e.g. MDR, footnotes, ODR tables); and

 

c) Information which is used to facilitate FAA review of an aircraft type or related aircraft that is proposed for use by an operator (e.g. compliance checklist).

 

1.7 Acronyms are defined as follows:

 

AC                   Advisory Circular

ACO                Aircraft Certification Office

AFM                Airplane Flight Manual

AP                   Autopilot

CHDO             Certificate Holding District Office

CPT                 Cockpit Procedures Trainer

CFR                 Code of Federal Regulations

DC                  Display Controller

EFIS                Electronic Flight Instrument System

EGPWS           Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System

EICAS             Engine Indicating and Crew Alerting System

FADEC           Full Authority Digital Engine Control

FGS                 Flight Guidance System

FMA                Flight Mode Annunciator

FMS                Flight Management System

FSB                 Flight Standardization Board

FTD                 Flight Training Device

ICBI                Interactive Computer Based Instruction

IRS                  Inertial Reference System

ISDU               Inertial System Display Unit

MMEL Master Minimum Equipment List

MCDU            Multi-Function Control Display Units

MCR               Master Common Requirements

MDR               Master Differences Requirements

MFF                Mixed Fleet Flying

ND                  Navigation Display

ODR                Operator Differences Requirements

PFD                 Primary Flight Display

POI                  Principal Operations Inspector

QRH                Quick Reference Handbook

SG                   Symbol Generator

TAWS             Terrain Awareness and Warning System

TCAS              Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System

TCDS              Type Certificate Data Sheet

TCE                 Training Center Evaluator

TCPM             Training Center Program Manager

VNAV             Vertical Navigation

WOW              Weight on Wheels

 

2.  PILOT "TYPE RATING" REQUIREMENTS

 

2.1  In accordance with the provisions of the 14 CFR part 61, FAA Order 8900.1, and AC 120-53, a new pilot type rating is assigned to the G-II (G-1159) aircraft and is designated “G-1159”

 

2.2 In that this is a new pilot type rating, the FSB did not evaluate, and does not allow for any training credits, checking credits, currency credits, landing currency credits, or proving test credits (except that which is permitted by 14 CFR §135.145) between the G-II (G-1159) and any other similar type aircraft from Gulfstream.

 

3.  "MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS" (MDR)

 

3.1 Reserved for future aircraft.

 

4.  OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

 

4.1 Reserved for future aircraft.

 

5.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

5.1 General

 

5.1.1 The provisions of this section apply to programs for airmen who have experience in multi-engine transport turbojet aircraft, EFIS, and FMS. Additional requirements may be appropriate for airmen not having this experience.

 

5.1.2 Reserved.

 

5.2 Pilots Initial Training.


5.2.1 G-II (G-1159) ground training is accomplished as specified by 14 CFR §135.345 and any Areas of Emphasis identified in paragraph 5.5 if applicable

 

5.2.2 G-II (G-1159) flight training is accomplished as specified by 14 CFR §135.347

and any Areas of Emphasis identified in paragraph 5.5 if applicable.

 

5.2.3 Emergency training is accomplished as specified by 14 CFR §135.331. 

 

5.2.4 Seat Dependent Tasks training.

 

The FSB has not found any seat dependent tasks for the G-II (G-1159).

 

5.3 Differences Training (14 CFR §135.347).

 

Reserved for future related aircraft.

 

5.4 Recurrent Training:

 

5.4.1 Recurrent Ground Training must include appropriate training in accordance with 14 CFR §135.351 and any Areas of Emphasis in paragraph 5.5 if applicable.

 

5.4.2 Recurrent Flight Training must include appropriate training in accordance with 14 CFR §135.351 and any Areas of Emphasis in paragraph 5.5 if applicable.

 

5.5   Areas of Emphasis. 

 

5.5.1 No ground training areas of emphasis were found.

 

5.5.2 No flight training areas of emphasis were found.

 

5.6 Specific Flight Characteristics for training.  (See Section 6.2 for checking requirements)

 

·              All items listed in paragraph 5.5.2

 

6.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

6.1 General

 

6.1.1  Checking must be conducted in accordance with 14 CFR part 61, Practical Test Standards and 14 CFR part 135, as applicable and Specific Flight Characteristics in paragraph 6.2 if applicable.

6.2 Specific Flight Characteristics (Ref.  FAA Practical Test Standards)

 

Landing From a No Flap or Non Standard Flap Approach - The FSB has determined that the probability of flap extension failure on the G-II (G-1159) is not extremely remote due to system design. Therefore, demonstration of a no flap approach and landing during pilot certification on a 14 CFR part 135 proficiency check is required.  In accordance with Order 8900.10, when the practical test is conducted in an airplane, verses a simulator, touchdown from a no flap approach is not required and shall not be attempted. The approach should be flown to the point where the inspector or examiner can determine whether a touchdown at an acceptable point on the runway and a safe landing to a full-stop could be made.

 

7.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

The FSB has found no additional currency requirements for the G-II (G-1159), other than those already specified in 14 CFR parts 61 and 135.

 

8.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECENT EXPERIENCE

 

The FSB has found no additional recent experience requirements for the G-II (G-1159), other than those already specified in 14 CFR parts 61 and 135.

 

9.  AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

9.1 Regulatory Compliance Checklist (see Appendix 3).

 

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

The FSB has found no unique or specific device or simulator requirements for the G-II (G-1159).

 

11.  APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

 

11.1 All G-II (G-1159) operators are subject to the provisions of this report.  This report becomes effective on the date of approval (see Cover Sheet or Record of Revisions page).

 

11.2 All FAA Approved Training Programs must incorporate the latest FAA Approved AFM Procedures, AFM checklists, manufacturer’s recommendations for training maneuvers and all provisions of this report.

12.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

12.1 Alternate means of compliance to the requirements of this report must be approved by the FSB. If alternate compliance is sought, operators must show that the proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 (as amended) and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation or other evidence may be required.

 

12.2 Equivalent Safety - Significant restrictions may apply in the event alternate compliance is sought, and the reporting requirements may be increased to ensure equivalent safety.  FAA will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance

unless sufficient lead-time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

 

12.3 Interim Programs - In the event of clearly unforeseen circumstances in which it is not possible for an operator to comply with provisions of this report, the operator may seek an interim program approval rather than a permanent alternate compliance method.  Financial arrangements, scheduling adjustments and other such reasons are not considered “unforeseen circumstances” for the purposes of this provision. Interim program approvals must be approved by the FSB Chairman.

 

13.  MISCELLANEOUS

 

13.1 Landing Minima Categories, ref 14 CFR § 97.3.  The G-II (G-1159) is considered Category D aircraft for the purposes of determining "straight-in landing weather minima.

 

13.2 Forward Observer Seat - The G-II (G-1159) forward observer seat is part of the type certificated design. The FSB evaluated the Forward Observer Seat using the criteria in AC 120-83, Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment, and found that it is operationally suitable for 14 CFR §§ 125.317(b) and 135.75(b).


 

 

APPENDIX 1

 

 

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

 

 

 

This section reserved for future related aircraft.


 

 

 

APPENDIX 2

 

 

SAMPLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

 

 

This section is reserved for future related aircraft.


 

 

 

APPENDIX 3

 

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

 

Not Accomplished.


 

APPENDIX 4 – HONEYWELL EPIC CONTROL DISPLAY SYSTEM     

                            RETROFIT (CDS/R)

 

The subject aircraft for this report is a G-II (G-1159) model equipped with the Honeywell Epic Control Display System Retrofit (CDS/R) avionics system. See Part II of this report for details of the installation.

 

PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENTS

 

In accordance with 14 CFR part 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the G-II (G-1159) CDS/R is designated as “G-1159”.

 

MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCR’S)

 

The G-II (G-1159) CDS/R is a G-II (G-1159) with a different avionics suite. As such, takeoff and landing performance and flight characteristics are identical.

 

MASTER DIFFERNCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

MDR’S are as depicted in the MDR table in Appendix 1. The base aircraft (from airplane) is the G-1159. The variant (to airplane) is the G-II (G-1159) CDS/R.  In summary, the MDR for the G-II (G-1159) CDS/R is C/B/C. This denotes C level training requiring training in a Systems Device, B Level checking requiring a demonstration of proficiency in the use of the CDS/R system, and C level currency requiring operation of the FMS system every 180 days.

 

ACCEPTABLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR)

 

ODR tables are included in Appendix 2. They consist of Design, Maneuver, and System Difference Tables.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Operators training programs should emphasize the differences in ATA Chapter 34 and the methods prescribed in the System Difference Table. In some cases Interactive Computer Based Instruction (ICBI) or a Cockpit Procedures Trainer (CPT) is the minimum medium for training. Training should consist of, as a minimum, a review of the AFM Supplement, the CDS/R Pilot’s Manual, and completion of the System Review Exercises of the Pilot’s Manual.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Checking level is set at Level B. Level B requires some demonstration of proficiency


 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency level is set at C. Operators should schedule crews to operate CDS/R aircraft at least every 180 days, or re-establish currency by completing the minimum requirements outlined in the Specifications For Training referenced in this report.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

Some training and checking should be accomplished in a CPT that replicates the layout and functions of the CDS/R. Use of the airplane cockpit, with ground power operative, is acceptable as a CPT.

 

ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

Approval Level and Criteria - Alternate means of compliance to differences requirements of 14 CFR part 135 Subpart H for the G-II (G-1159), other than as specified in this report, must be approved by AFS-200.  If alternate compliance is sought, operators will be required to establish that any proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Not Accomplished.

 

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

 Airplane Type Rating: G-1159

FROM AIRPLANE

 

G-II (G-1159)

G-II (G-1159) CDS/R

to airplane

 

G-II (G-1159)

Not applicable

 

 

Not Evaluated

 

 

 

 

G-II (G-1159) CDS/R

C*/B/C

Not applicable


 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS TABLES

 

Definitions

X         = Pilot’s Operating Handbook and/or Flight Manual Supplement

TCBI   = Tutorial Computer Based Instruction (scripted non-interactive type lessons)

ICBI    = Interactive Computer Based Instruction (allows pilot interaction and “free play”)

CPT       = Cockpit Procedures Trainer

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159) with CDS/R BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

 CHKG/CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

None

Not Applicable

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159) with CDS/R BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

None

Not Applicable

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159) with CDS/R BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

22

Autopilot

Autopilot engage annunciation is displayed on EFIS, in addition to existing separate lamps.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

22

Autopilot

Autopilot Flight Director Couple 1 or 2 is also displayed on EFIS

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A


 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159) with CDS/R BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-II (G-1159)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

34

Air Data

Altitude Pre-selector controller is new and displayed on EFIS.  (RI-551)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Baro Set is provided on the EFIS Display Controller (DC-550).

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

A

A

34

Flight Director

Flight Director Mode Selection is controlled from a new control panel (MS-560).

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Director

Flight Director Mode annunciation is displayed on EFIS, not on a separate Mode Status Panel.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Instruments

Analog instruments replaced with EFIS:

-                  Airspeed / Mach

-                  Altimeter

-                  Vertical Speed

-                  Attitude Indicator

-                  Horizontal Indicator

-                  Radio Magnetic Ind.

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

A

A

34

FMS

INS system is replaced with Flight Management System (FMS)

No

Minor

 

 

ICBI

 

B

C

180 days

34

Navigation

Display of various navigation sources are centralized on the EFIS Display Controllers (DC-550) and MFD Controller (MC-850).

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

A

A

34

Navigation

Comparator Monitoring is an internal function of EFIS.  Existing Control Panel and associated computer is removed.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

TCAS

Added TCAS System, integrated with EFIS Display Control Panel and Primus II Digital Radio Controller.

No

Minor

 

TCBI

 

 

B

B

34

EGPWS

Added EGPWS, EGPWS control panel, and integrated to EFIS Display Control Panel.

 

No

Minor

 

TCBI

 

 

B

A


 

PART II- SUPPLEMENTAL BOARD REPORT

 

In addition to the information contained in this report the following information is kept on file at the Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group, (LGB-AEG) 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Suite 100, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137:

 

G-II (G-1159) FAA FSB Order (FSB member list)

G-II (G-1159) training syllabus of FSB members

Primus Epic CDS/Retrofit (CDS/R) Pilots Manual

Honeywell PC-FMS training program

Honeywell FMZ Flight Management System Pilots Manual

 

1. BACKGROUND OF THE INSTALLATION

 

The CDS/R consists of the following modifications to the G-II (G-1159):

 

The Honeywell Primus II Integrated Radio System has replaced all radios. This system consists of dual Comm/ Transponder Units, dual Nav Units (with internal VHF NAV, DME, ADF, Marker Beacon), and dual Radio Management Units (RMU).

                                                           

In the Primus II system the RMU controls all of the Radio operation functions (except

Audio). Each RMU can control both #1 and #2 radio systems, the Mode “S” Transponder system, and TCAS. The TCAS system consists of a TCAS processor, dual VSI/ TRA Indicators a Top Directional Antenna, and a bottom Omni-Directional Antenna. The TCAS system also works in conjunction with both Mode “S” Transponders and the RMUs. Each VSI/ TRA Indicator provides visual TCAS indications and warnings in addition to being a Vertical Speed Indicator.

 

The Air Data system consists of dual Air Data Computers (ADC), dual

digital Altimeters, dual VSI/ TRA Indicators, and dual Airspeed Indicators.

 

Each Altimeter is fed digital information from its prospective ADC. Baro-setting information is fed from each altimeter to its prospective ADC. Each VSI/ TRA is fed digital information from its prospective ADC and from the TCAS Computer. ADC digital information interfaces with the following additional systems: FMS, EGPWS, Transponders, IRS, and Radar.

 

Air Data Instrumentation is standard and familiarization requirements negligible.

 

The Weather Radar System is a Honeywell Primus 880, and is also capable of displaying EGPWS Terrain Maps from the EGPWS Computer.

 

Honeywell FMZ2000 Flight Management System (FMS) consists of dual NZ-2000 Nav

 

Computers, dual CD820 Control Display Units (CDU), and dual Analog Interface Units are installed. The FMS CDUs replace the existing Inertial Navigation System (INS). Supplying the FMS with short-range navigation information is the Primus II Radio System. This includes VOR and DME information, when autotune is enabled. Manual Nav/ Comm and DME tuning is optional with the FMS CDU’s. These tune options work through the Primus II RMUs.

 

The FMS instrumentation is similar to the previous INS interface. The FMS is switchable between VHF Nav/ ILS and FMS mode to the primary flight instruments, Flight Director and Autopilot. The main difference is that the FMS is capable of non-precision approaches (lateral coupled only, with advisory VNAV needle), with additional approach mode annunciators.

 

One significant difference is the use of the “joystick’ as a cursor control device on the Primary Flight Display and Multifunction Display. The joystick is used to activate and select drop down menus and for the setting of V speeds

 

2. FSB COMPOSITION

 

The Board consisted of two FAA inspectors rated in the G-1159, the FSB chairman, and a FAA flight test pilot as an advisor.

 

3. APPLICANT’S PROPOSAL

 

The applicant submitted MCR and ODR tables that proposed level C training, level B checking, and level C currency.

 

4. TESTS

 

The T-1 test was waived, per the applicant’s proposal. The T-2 test was waived because the flight handling qualities were proposed as identical and the Board agreed. As a result, Advisory Circular 120-53 dictates a T-3 test.  Both Board members first flew a G-II (G-1159) simulator at Simuflite in Dallas, TX. They completed a flight profile that included all the maneuvers required by the Practical Test Standard for a G-II (G-1159) type rating. The FSB Chairman rated each maneuver on a 1-10 scale in order to establish a benchmark for each Board member’s performance. One member was disqualified due to lack of proficiency. The remaining Board member then completed the training as proposed by the applicant. He then completed another type rating profile in the CDS/R airplane with the Chairman observing and rating each maneuver on the 1-10 scale.

5. TEST RESULTS

 

The subject Board member noted no significant differences in the conduct of the maneuvers. As such the Board accepted the applicant’s proposal with a few minor exceptions.

 

APPENDIX 5 –G-1159/ G-1159B SAGEM Avionics Integrated Cockpit Display System [ICDS]

 

The SAGEM Avionics Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) as installed in a Gulfstream G-1159 or G-1159B is comprised of four (4) Integrated Cockpit Display System (ICDS) displays (See Appendix 1). Each ICDS display is a 10.4 diagonal Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD) built into a one-piece Control Display Unit (CDU). The ICDS is configured to display in portrait orientation. The ICDS interfaces with other systems on the aircraft to provide a centralized display for integration, computation, and centralized control. The ICDS presents information in text, numeric, and graphic formats and features a screen, automatic brightness controls with user adjustment options, 11 Line Select Keys (LSK), and a program/data card.

 

The pilot’s display system consists of the #1 Pilot Flight Display (PFD) and #2 Multi-Function Display (MFD). The copilot’s display system consists of the #4 PFD and #3 Multi-Function Display (MFD). Each PFD is automatically sourced from its on-side Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS), Air Data Computer (ADC), and Short Range Navigation (SRN) and displays its primary LSK menu.  All primary flight data is provided to all displays in dual path architecture. The PFD information is also backed up by standby instruments in the case of an electrical failure for heading, attitude, altitude, and airspeed.

 

Primary Flight Displays (PFD) Two outboard ICDS displays are normally configured as PFD’s. In normal configuration, each pilot’s PFD displays on-side Air Data System (ADS), Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) and on-side navigation source(s). On-screen annunciation is provided for Autopilot, Flight Director and selected navigation source(s). The PFD displays an Electronic Attitude Direction Indicator (EADI) and Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator (EHSI) format.

 

Multi-Function Displays (MFD) Inboard of the PFD’s, two CDU’s are configured as Multi-Function Displays (MFD).  Normally the #2 MFD displays Engine Monitoring System/Crew Alerting System (EMS/CAS) information for the pilot; however other pages, as listed below are available through LSK selection.

 

•           Moving map with Terrain Obstruction Proximity System (TOPS)

•           WX (Weather Radar)

•           TAWS (Terrain Avoidance Warning System)

•           TCAS (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System)

•           Map/Utilities Video

•           Maintenance Mode Diagnostics

 

Positioned within the pedestal or on the pilots console are the EFIS Display Control Panels, EFIS Course – Heading – Master Control Panel, AHRS and ADC Reversionary Select Panel, and Terrain Select Control Panel.

 

PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

In accordance with 14 CFR part 1 and 61, the FSB has determined that the pilot type rating for the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft remains as “G-1159”.

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

Master Differences Requirements. (MDR’s) are as depicted in the MDR table in Appendix 1. The base aircraft (from airplane) is the G-1159 or G-1159B. The variant (to airplane) is the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS. 

 

In summary, the MDR for the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS is C/B/C. This denotes a minimum of Level C Training.  Level C training requires training in a device which provides for manipulation of avionics system related controls and switches, and emulates panel and instrument indications. An acceptable "device" as described in this paragraph is one that replicates the functionality, operation, and installation of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS in the G‑1159 or G-1159B aircraft, and may include but is not limited to, an FTD, aircraft simulator, or G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft with ground power applied.

 

 Level B Checking requires a demonstration of knowledge and proficiency in the use of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS system, and Level C Currency requires operation of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS avionics system at least every 180 days.

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR’s)

 

ODR tables for Design, Maneuver, and System Differences are included in Appendix 2.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Operators training programs should emphasize system differences utilizing the methods prescribed in the System Difference Table in Appendix 2.  As a minimum, training curriculums should include ground instruction on the AFM Supplement and SAGEM Avionics ICDS Pilot’s Operating Handbook, supplemented by the use of a device which provides for manipulation of avionics system related controls and switches, and emulates panel and instrument indications of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS. A G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS equipped aircraft with ground power applied may be used in lieu of other training devices.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Checking level is set at Level B.  Level B requires some demonstration of knowledge and

proficiency in the use of the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS. This check may include oral questioning, written testing, or demonstration of ability using a G-1159 SAGEM

 

Avionics ICDS FTD, aircraft simulator, or aircraft flight deck with ground power applied.  Proficiency checking in flight is not required

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency level is set at Level C.  Operators should schedule crews to operate a G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS equipped aircraft at least every 180 days or less, or re-establish currency by completing the minimum requirements outlined in FSB Specifications for Training referenced in this report.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

Some training and checking could be accomplished in an FTD or simulator that replicates the layout and functions of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS. Use of the airplane flight deck, with ground power operative, is acceptable as an alternative to using FTD’s or simulators.

 

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

AIRPLANE TYPE

RATING: G-1159

FROM AIRPLANE

G-1159/G-1159B

G-1159 SAGEM AVIONICS ICDS

To airplane

 

G-1159/G-1159B

Not applicable

Not Evaluated

G-1159       SAGEM AVIONICS ICDS

C*/B/C

Not applicable

 

Level C differences training is the highest training level required for G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS equipped aircraft. When flight crews are assigned to the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft from the G-1159 (or G-1159B), operators and training providers must ensure that the level of training given is adequate for f1ight crews to fully understand the differences between the avionics systems of these aircraft.

 

Interactive computer based training (ICBT) is suitable to impart the necessary knowledge.  However, the operator is responsible to ensure the training is supplemented through the use of a device which provides for manipulation of avionics system related controls and switches, and emulates panel and instrument indications. An acceptable "device" as described in this paragraph is one that replicates the functionality, operation, and installation of the SAGEM Avionics ICDS in the G-1159 or G-1159B aircraft, and may include, but is not limited to an FTD, aircraft simulator, or G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft with ground power applied.

 

The currency level is Level C for f1ight crews, who are trained and qualified in G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft but who have not operated the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft in the preceding 180 days. If flight crews have not operated G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS aircraft, operators and training providers must ensure they receive the minimum training required by this FSB Report to reestablish currency in the G-1159 SAGEM ICDS avionics system.

           

It should be noted that this report only addresses training, checking and currency for G-1159 or G-1159B qualified pilots that are transitioning to the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS equipped aircraft. No training, checking, or currency determinations have been made for pilots transitioning from the G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS equipped aircraft to the G-1159 or G-1159B aircraft.

 

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS [ODR] TABLES

 

Level A Training

Self- Instruction (i.e. handouts, bulletins, written information)

Level C Training

                                              Flight Training Devices (Level 4-5)  with SAGEM Avionics ICDS              

                                              G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS Aircraft Simulator                                               

G-1159 SAGEM Avionics ICDS Aircraft with Ground Power

 

Level B Checking

Task or Systems Check (Practical Test Oral or Written)

Level A Currency

No currency requirement applies

Level C Currency

Fly G-1159 SAGEM ICDS aircraft every 180 Days or less or retrain at Level C

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with SAGEM                                                         Avionics ICDS

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/G-1159B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

Inst Panel Layout

Replaced analog gauges or Primary Flight Displays with Flat Panel Primary Flight Displays [PFD] and Multi-Function displays [MFD]

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

 

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

None

Not Applicable

No

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with SAGEM                                                           Avionics  ICDS

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/G-1159B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

22

Autopilot

Autopilot engage annunciation is displayed on EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

28

Fuel

Fuel Tank Temperature Gauge replaced with EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

31

Indicating and Recording

EICAS – CAS messages displayed on EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Instruments

Analog instruments replaced with EFIS:

- Mach Airspeed Indicator

- Radio/Barometric Altimeter

- TCAS/Vertical Speed Ind.

- Attitude Direction Indicator

- Horizontal Situation Ind.

- Radio Magnetic Ind.

- SAT/TAS Indicator

 

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

C

180 days

34

EFIS Control Display Units with Line Select Keys

Line Select Keys [LSK] selects Primary and Nav menus on PFD and EPR, Moving Map, WX or TAWS, etc on EMS/CAS display.

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

C

180 days

34

EFIS Display Control Panels

Powers the display units, and selects normal and reversionary modes for display units.

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

C

180 days

34

EFIS Course, Heading, and Master Control Panel

Duplicates course and heading functions of LSK’s.  Master knob allows for value change of selected LSK.  Provides for sync function also.

No

Minor

 

 

 

 

A

A

34

AHRS and ADC Reversionary Select Panel

Provides for reversionary modes in the event of an air data computer failure or AHRS failure.

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

C

180 days

34

Terrain Select Control Panel

Terrain Select key displays TAWS info on desired MFD.

No

Minor

 

 

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Baro set is accomplished on the pilot/copilot instrument panel

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with SAGEM                                                           Avionics  ICDS

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/G-1159B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

34

Radio Altimeter

Decision height is set with the MASTER Knob on the EFIS Course, Heading, and Master Control Panel

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34                 

Flight Director

Flight Director Mode annunciation is displayed on EFIS, not on remote Mode Status annunciators.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Marker Beacon

Marker Beacon annunciation is displayed on EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Weather Radar

Weather Radar data is displayed on EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Navigation

Provides for moving map with Terrain Obstruction Proximity System on MFD

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

C

180 days

34

DME

DME data is displayed on EFIS.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

73

Engine Fuel and Control

Indicators replaced with EFIS:

-  Fuel Flow Gauge

-  Fuel Temperature Gauge

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

77

Engine Indicating

Indicator replaced by EFIS:

-  LP RPM Gauge

-  HP RPM Gauge

-  Engine Pressure Ratio Gauge

Turbine Gas Temperature Gauge

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

79

Oil

Oil Temperature/Pressure Gauge replaced with EFIS

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

 

 

APPENDIX 6 – UNIVERSAL AVIONICS EFI-890R FLIGHT DISPLAY SYSTEM


1. BACKGROUND

 

The Universal EFI-890R electronic flight instrument displays, installed under STC ST02018LA consists of the following modifications to the G-1159 (also applies to the G-1159A and G-1159B):

 

The 4-display Universal Avionics EFI-890R Flight Display System replaces the standard analog ADI, HSI, Airspeed, Altitude, Vertical Speed and RMI instruments on pilot’s and copilot’s sides. The EFI-890R provides for alternate display of EGPWS/TAWS, TCAS and weather radar.  Other optional units which can be interfaced include Universal Avionics Vision One and Application Server Unit to display charts and other advisory data on the NDs. Separate control panels for PFD control, ND control, Reference Set Panel, and Course/Heading control are installed in the center pedestal within easy reach of each pilot.

 

The EFI-890R can be installed and interfaced to existing Flight Management Systems, INS/IRS, weather radar, Air Data Computers, AHRS/VG/DG, TCAS, EGPWS/TAWS and radios. The effects of display of these data are not significant and are explained in the Universal EFI-890R Pilot’s Operating Manual.

 

T-1 and T-2 tests were waived because the flight handling qualities between a generic G-1159 and the G-1159 EFI-890R were determined to be identical.  T-3 testing entailed flying selected maneuvers from the ATP Practical Test Standard, with the FSB Chairman being evaluated in each maneuver.

 

Ground training and flight evaluation of the Universal Avionics EFI-890R Flight Display System took place on 04 June 2007 at IFR Avionics, Inc. facility in Van Nuys, CA.  The aircraft used in the flight evaluation was a Gulfstream G-III, S/N 321, N9GL.

 

The FSB Chairman received two-hours of ground training on the G-1159 EFI-890R avionics display system.  This training included instruction on the functionality of displays, display symbology, and interactivity between the Reference Select Panel, PFD Control Panel, ND Control Panel, and Course/Heading Panel with each of the electronic displays.  The cockpit of the aircraft, and the EFI-890R avionics systems, was powered using ground power. 

 

At the completion of training, a verbal examination and practical exercise in the cockpit was administered. 

 

The flight evaluation consisted of a flight in the local southern California area. During the flight the FSB Chairman conducted various maneuvers in accordance with the ATP Practical Test Standards.  Those maneuvers included, Steep Turns, Unusual Attitudes, and Stalls. Other tasks accomplished consisted of area departures and arrivals, precision approaches (ILS), non-precision approaches (GPS), and missed approach procedures.

 

All operating modes of the Universal Avionics EFI-890R Flight Display System were exercised and demonstrated.

 

The FSB Chairman noted no significant difference in the conduct of maneuvers between the G-1159/A/B and the G-1150 EFI-890R. As such, the training, checking, and currency requirements as proposed by the applicant is accepted with a few minor exceptions. 

 

It should be noted that this report only addresses training, checking and currency for G-1159/A/B qualified pilots that are transitioning to the G-1159 EFI-890R equipped aircraft.  No training, checking, or currency determination have been made for pilots transitioning from the G-1159 EFI-890R equipped aircraft to the G-1159/A/B or its variant.

 

2. PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENTS

 

In accordance with 14 CFR part 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the G-1159 EFI-890R is designated as “G-1159”.

 

3. MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCR’S)

 

The G-1159 EFI-890R is a G-1159/A/B with a Universal Avionics electronic flight displays, and associated control panels installed on the flight deck. As such, takeoff and landing performance and flight characteristics are identical.

 

4. MASTER DIFFERNCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

Master Differences Requirements. (MDR’s) are as depicted in the MDR table in Appendix 1. The base aircraft (from airplane) is the G-1159. The variant (to airplane) is the G-1159 EFI-890R.  In summary, the MDR for the G-1159 EFI-890R is C/B/C. This denotes C level training requiring training in a Systems Device or Cockpit Procedures Trainer (or the aircraft cockpit itself powered with ground power), B Level checking requiring a demonstration of knowledge and proficiency in the use of the EFI-890R system, and C level currency requiring operation of the G-1159 EFI-890R avionics system every 180 days.

 

5. ACCEPTABLE OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR’s)

 

ODR tables are included in Appendix 2. They consist of Design, Maneuver, and System Difference Tables.

 

6. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Operators training programs should emphasize system differences utilizing the methods prescribed in the System Difference Table in Appendix 2. Training curriculums should include the use of Interactive Computer Based Instruction (ICBI) or a Cockpit Procedures Trainer (CPT) as the minimum medium for pilot training, supplemented by a review of

the AFM Supplement and the EFI-890R Pilot’s Manual. In addition, training using the G-1159 EFI-890R aircraft flight deck with the EFI-890R system properly powered on the ground may be substituted for ICBI or CPT training.

 

7. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Checking level is set at Level B.  Level B requires some demonstration of knowledge and proficiency in the use of the G-1159 EFI-890R system. This check may include oral questioning, written testing, or demonstration of ability using a CPT or aircraft flight deck with ground power applied.

 

8. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency level is set at Level C. Operators should schedule crews to operate G-1159 EFI-890R system at least every 180 days, or re-establish currency by completing the minimum requirements outlined in FSB Specifications for Training referenced in this report.

 

9. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

Some training and checking should be accomplished in a Cockpit Procedures Trainer (CPT) that replicates the layout and functions of the EFI-890R. Use of the airplane flight deck, with ground power operative, is acceptable as a CPT.

 

11. ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

Approval Level and Criteria - Alternate means of compliance to differences requirements of 14 CFR part 135 Subpart H for the G-1159 EFI-890R, other than as specified in this report, must be approved by AFS-200.  If alternate compliance is sought, operators will be required to establish that any proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

12.  SUPPLEMENTAL BOARD REPORT

 

Historical development information used to develop this FSB report is kept on file at the Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group, (LGB AEG), 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Suite 100, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137.

 

13.  COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Not Accomplished.

 

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

AIRPLANE TYPE

RATING: G-1159

FROM AIRPLANE

G-1159/A/B

G-1159 EFI-890R

 

 

 

 

 

 

to airplane

 

G-1159/A/B

Not applicable

Not Evaluated

 

G-1159 EFI-890R

C/B/C

Not applicable

 


 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

 

Definitions

ODR Training Level

“HO”  = Handout

A

“S/T”  = Slide/Tape presentations

“TCBT”  = Tutorial Computer Based Training

“SU”  = Stand-up lectures

“VT”  = Video Tapes

B

“ICBT”  = Interactive Computer Based Training

“CSS”  = Cockpit System Simulators

“CPT”  = Cockpit Procedures Trainers

“PTT”  = Part Task Trainers

“FTD 4-5”  = Flight Training Devices (level 4-5)

C

“FTD 6-7”  = Flight training devices (level 6-7)

“FFS A-D”  = Full  Flight  Simulators (level D or lower)

D

“FFS C-D”  = Full Flight Simulators (level C or D)

“ACFT”  = Aircraft

E

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with EFI-890R

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/A/B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

Inst Panel Layout

Replaced analog gauges or Primary Flight Displays with Flat Panel Primary Flight Displays and Navigation Displays

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with EFI-890R

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/A/B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

None

Not Applicable

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with EFI-890R

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/A/B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

22

Autopilot

Autopilot engage annunciation is displayed on EFIS, in addition to existing separate lamps.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

22

Autopilot

Autopilot Flight Director Couple 1 or 2 is also displayed on EFIS

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Pre-selector controller is new and displayed on EFIS. 

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Air Data

Altitude Baro Set is provided on the PFD Display Controller.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Director

Flight Director Mode annunciation is displayed on EFIS, in addition to the existing Mode Status Panel.

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

Flight Instruments

Analog instruments replaced with EFIS:

-                Airspeed / Mach

-                Altimeter

-                Vertical Speed

-                Attitude Indicator

-                Horizontal Indicator

-                Radio Magnetic Ind.

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

A

A

34

Navigation

Display of various navigation sources are centralized on the EFIS Display Controllers and ND Controller.

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

B

C

180 days

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 with EFI-890R

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159/A/B

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

34

Navigation

Comparator Monitoring is an internal function of EFIS. 

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34

TCAS

Added TCAS System, integrated with EFIS Display Control Panel

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

B

C

180 days

34

EGPWS

Added EGPWS, EGPWS control panel, and integrated to EFIS Display Control Panel.

 

No

Minor

 

 

CPT

 

B

C

180 days

 

APPENDIX 7 – ROGERSON KRATOS (RK) ELECTRONIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENT
SYSTEM (EFIS) 520

 

The primary purpose of this report is to document the Flight Standardization Board (FSB) evaluation of, and the pilot training/checking/currency requirements for, the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification to the G‑1159 (GII). This modification includes: the Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 System with two Electronic Attitude Direction Indicators (EADI's), (one EADI installed on the pilot side and one EADI installed on the co-pilot side; and two Electronic  Horizontal Situation Indicators (EHSI's), one installed on the pilot side and one installed on the co-pilot side. The G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 System and associated functions, as well as the associated AFM change, were found to be operationally suitable.

 

The G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification changes the G-1159 (G-II) as follows:

 

1) Replaces mechanical instruments with Rogerson Kratos (RK) 520 Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS). The Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS-520 System has two Electronic Attitude Direction Indicators (EADI's), (one EADI installed on the pilot side and one EADI installed on the co-pilot side); and two Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicators (EHSI's) (one installed on the pilot side and one installed on the co-pilot side. The EFIS-520 system provides basic HSI / ADI instruments functionality. In addition, Flight Management System (FMS) such as waypoint and route, north up, moving map, wind vector, distance-to-go (DTG), and other parameters are selectable for display.

 

2) As installed, the EFIS-520 displays Attitude (ATT), Heading (HDG), Navigation (NAV), Flight Director (FD), and Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS II) information.  Navigation data selected on the Pilot EFIS is provided to the Flight Director and to the Autopilot for coupled navigation to the selected Primary NAV source. TCAS II information such as traffic in standard ARINC 735 display format with resolution advisory capability is displayed in a vertical speed fly-to-green format, in addition to the standard ADI, HSI, bearing pointers, course deviation, autopilot annunciation, flight director single cue commands and warning and caution flags.

 

3) The EFIS-520 system includes an automatic and crew selectable composite mode that presents all required EADI and EHSI data on a single display format for a combined Attitude & Heading display.  The EADI enters the Forced (automatic) Composite mode upon failure of the companion EHSI; or the EHSI enters Composite mode upon failure of the companion EADI. This automatic mode cannot be cleared until the display is operational.

 

4) The EFIS-520 interfaces with the following aircraft systems:

Attitude System #1 and #2

Heading System #1 and #2

FMS#1 and #2 (and 3rd FMS/GPS - Garmin 530)

 

Navigation System #1 and #2 (VOR/LOC)

Air Data Computer #1 and #2

DME #1 and #2

TCAS II System

External Course / Heading Select Panel

Flight Director

Autopilot

 

Pilots transitioning from the G-1159 (G-II) to the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification should be trained on the differences using any one of the following level “C” differences training devices: interactive computer based instruction, cockpit system simulators, cockpit procedures trainers, part task trainers, or level 2-5 flight training devices. There are no checking or currency requirements for this transition.

 

PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

In accordance with 14 CFR part 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the Gulfstream G-1159 (G-II) with the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification is designated as G-1159.

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

Master Differences Requirements. (MDR’s) are as depicted in the MDR table in Appendix 1. The base aircraft (from airplane) is the G-II. The variant (to airplane) is the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification. 

 

In summary, the MDR for the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification is C/A/A. This denotes a minimum of Level C Training.  Level C training requires training in a device which provides for manipulation of related controls and switches, and emulates panel and instrument indications. An acceptable "device" as described in this paragraph is one that replicates the functionality, operation, and installation of the G-II with G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification in the G-II aircraft, and may include but is not limited to, an FTD, aircraft simulator, or G-II with G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification aircraft with ground power applied.

 

Level A Checking requires the crewmember to be responsible for knowledge of differences, and Level A Currency is considered common to each variant.

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR’s)

 

ODR tables for Design, Maneuver, and System Differences are included in Appendix 2.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

Pilots transitioning from the G-1159 (G-II) to the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification should be trained on the differences using any one of the following level “C” differences training devices: interactive computer based instruction, cockpit system simulators, cockpit procedures trainers, part task trainers, or level 2-5 flight training devices.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Level A Checking requires the crewmember to be responsible for knowledge of differences.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

Level A Currency is considered common to each variant.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

Some training could be accomplished in an FTD or simulator that replicates the layout and functions of the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification. Use of the airplane flight deck, with ground power operative, is acceptable as an alternative to using FTD’s or simulators.

 

ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

The FSB Chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed.  The FAA General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800, or the FAA Air Transportation Division, AFS-200, must approve alternate means of compliance. If alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53A and this FSB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Not Accomplished.

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

AIRPLANE TYPE

RATING: G-1159 (G-II)

FROM AIRPLANE

G-1159 (G-II)

G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520

 

To airplane

 

G-1159 (G-II)

Not applicable

Not Evaluated

G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520

C*/A/A

Not applicable

 

 

Level C differences* training is the minimum training level required for the G-1159 (G-II) with G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification equipped aircraft. When flight crews are assigned to the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification aircraft from the G-1159 (G-II), operators and training providers must ensure that the level of training given is adequate for f1ight crews to fully understand the differences between these aircraft.

           

It should be noted that this report only addresses training, checking and currency for G-1159 (G-II) qualified pilots that are transitioning to the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification equipped aircraft. No training, checking, or currency determinations have been made for pilots transitioning from the G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 modification equipped aircraft to the G-1159 (G-II) aircraft.

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR) TABLES

 

Level C Training

Flight Training Devices (Level 2-5)

G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 Modification

G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520 Modification Aircraft with Ground Power

 

Level A Checking

Level A Checking requires the crewmember to be responsible for knowledge of differences.

Level A Currency

Level A Currency is considered common to each variant.

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: G-1159 (GII) Rogerson Kratos (RK) EFIS 520

BASE AIRCRAFT: Gulfstream G-1159 (G-II)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

Flight Instruments

Analog Instruments replaced with EFIS:

   -Attitude Direction Indicator

   -Horizontal Situation Indicator

   -TCAS Indicator

No

Major

 

 

X

 

A

A