U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

Revision: Original

Date: 03/22/1999

 

 

GRUMMAN ALBATROSS

HU16-RD

 

(G-64, UF-1, UF-1G, UF-2G, HU-16A, HU-16B, HU-16GR, HU-16C, HU-16D, HU-16E, SA-16, [GSA-16], SA-16A, SA-16B, LU/TU-16C, AND G-111.)

 

 

 

Michael A. Nash

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

Federal Aviation Administration

Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group

 

3960 Paramount Blvd.

 

Telephone:  (562) 627-5334

         FAX:  (562) 627-5281

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

TITLE PAGE

1

CONTENTS

2

REVISION RECORD

3

PART I

 

1.          PURPOSE

2.          FSB COMPOSITION

3.          BACKGROUND

4.          APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

5.          PILOT “TYPE RATING” REQUIREMENTS

6.          MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS

7.          MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDRs)

8.          ACCEPTABLE “OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS” (ODRs) TABLES

9.          FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

11.  FSB SPECIFICATION FOR CURRENCY

12.  AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

13.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

14.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

4

4

5

7

7

7

7

7

 

7

7

7

8

 

8

 

8

PART II

 

1.          SUPPLEMENTAL BOARD REPORT

9

 

REVISION RECORD

 

 

Revision No.

Section

Page #s

Date

Original

All

All

03/22/1999

 

 

PART I

 

1. PURPOSE:

No previous FSB reports exist for G-64, G-111, HU, SA or LU-16 models.

The primary purpose of this report is to specify FAA training, checking and currency requirements applicable to crews operating Grumman Albatross  HU-16RD, G-64, UF-1, UF-1G, UF-2G, HU-16A, HU-16B,  HU-16GR, HU-16C, HU-16D, HU-16E, SA-16, (GSA-16), SA-16A, SA-16B, HU/LU/TU-16C, AND  G-111.  Provisions of this report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent FSB determinations.

 

Relevant acronyms are defined as follows:

 

            AC                   Advisory Circular
ACO                Aircraft Certification Office
AFM                Airplane Flight Manual
AP                   Autopilot

            ATP                 Airline Transport Pilot
CHDO             Certificate Holding District Office
FSB                 Flight Standardization Board
FTD                 Flight Training Device
POI                  Principal Operations Inspector
PTS                Practical Test Standards

 

2.   FSB COMPOSITION :

 

 

Richard G. Hamm

Chairman

LGB-AEG

3960 Paramount Blvd.

Lakewood , CA 90712

(562) 627-5276

William E. Gamble

Operations

SAN FSDO

8525 Gibbs Dr .

San Diego , CA 92123

(619) 557-5281

Robert O’Haver

Washington D.C.

Representative

AFS-800

800 Independence Ave.

Washington D.C. 20591

(202) 267-7031

 

3.   BACKGROUND:

 

The Grumman Albatross is an all metal, high wing, twin engine, fixed wing tip float, air/sea rescue amphibian built by the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation.  It was originally powered by two Wright R1820-76A or-76B engines driving three-bladed, constant speed, full feathering, reversible pitch propellers, and equipped with single stage, two speed superchargers.  Provisions were made for the installation of JATO units on the hull doors. Oxygen systems are provided for the crew and passengers.

 

The flight deck and cabin are heated and ventilated.  The original crew compliment consisted of a pilot, co-pilot, navigator, radio operator and two observers.  Grumman built 464 Albatrosses during a production run from 1948 to 1961.  The aircraft was built for The USAF, Navy and Coast Guard, as models SA-16, HU-16 and LU-16C, and saw extensive service in foreign military applications.

 

The Grumman Albatross started out as a G-64 model, which was the prototype designation from the Grumman factory.  UF-1 was the first Navy designation  and has short wings.  UF-1G & 2G’s were modified UF-1’s, which included electronic updates current for their time.  HU-16 A’s,  & C’s are Navy short wing models.  HU-16 B’s, D’s, and E’s are Navy long wing models.  HU-16 GR’s are the factory first models of the Navy HU-16 production.  SA-16’s are USAF designations.  GSA-16’s are the factory first models of the USAF Albatross production.  SA-16A’s are short wing models of the USAF Albatross.  SA-16B’s are the long wing models of the USAF Albatross.  LU-16-C’s are Coast Guard trainer designations of the Albatross . TU-16’s are USAF and Navy trainer designations of the Albatross.   G-111 is the Transport Certified model of the Albatross.  HU-16RD, the focal point of this FSB report, is a highly modified HU-16, certified in the Restricted Category.

 

The last of these aircraft retired from United States military service in 1983.  Most of the models currently flying are in the Experimental Category, including the Conroy Turbo Albatross (USA),

a turboprop conversion of the HU-16, powered by two 1,297 kW (1,740 shp) Rolls-Royce Dart Rda.6 MK 510 engines.  Those aircraft certificated as Standard Transport or in Restricted Categories  are listed herein. At this time, there are 6 Type Certificate Data Sheets (TCDS) that have been issued for the Grumman Albatross, including HU-16RD, N44RD:

 

1.  TCDS # A2GL, HU-16B, Restricted Category, dated June 20, 1978, held by

                             Trans American Air Transport, Chicago, IL.       

 

2.       TCDS # A22SO, Revision 5, G-111, Transport Category, dated April 15, 1984, held by  Flying Boat, Inc., North Miami, FL.

 

3.       TCDS # A20NM, HU-16D, Restricted Category, dated October 3, 1986,

       held  by Viking Air Limited, Sidney, B.C., Canada.

 

                        4.   TCDS # A33SO, Revision 4, HU-16A, HU-16B, HU-16C, HU-16D, HU-16E,

                                    Restricted Category, dated January 23, 1995, held by Air Crane, Inc., Opa

                              Locka, FL.

 

5.  TCDS # A23NM, Revision 3,  HU-16C, TU-16C, Restricted Category, dated

                             August 27,1997, held by Dennis G. Buehn, Reno, NV.                   

 

                        6.  TCDS #  T000003LA, HU-16RD, Restricted Category, dated December 3,

                                      1998, held by Reid Dennis, Menlo Park, CA.

 

 

The subject of this FSB report, Grumman Albatross HU-16RD, N44RD, Serial # 137932, is powered by 2 Wright 982C9HE3 (Military Designation R-1820-82C) engines, has a modified wing that includes internal  auxiliary fuel tanks with fuel-dumping, a modified, later series rudder, and extensive modifications to the flight deck instrumentation and systems including a UNS1-B+ FMS, Master Caution and Annunciator  panels, and a Honeywell Analog Flight Control System, including a single AP-200 Autopilot, installed and approved under STC # ST00707LA.

 

Because of the extensive modifications to HU-16RD, N44RD, and the issuance of Restricted TCDS # T00003LA,  the Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group (LGB-AEG) convened a Flight Standards Evaluation Board  (FSB) on October 19, 1998 to determine if the G-111 Type Rating, which applies to those TCDS’s listed in this report, would also apply to HU-16RD. 

 It should be noted that prior to the establishment of the G-111 type rating, HU-16 (Navy designation) and SA-16 (USAF designation)  were issued as the type rating for the Grumman Albatross.

 

No initial training in the Variant aircraft, HU-16RD was demonstrated. Therefore, the methodology for this FSB was to start the evaluation with a pilot rated and current in a “Baseline” HU-16, and conduct test T-5 of Advisory Circular AC 120-53, which is essentially an evaluation of all the FAA Practical Test Standards maneuvers required for a person not previously qualified in a Grumman Albatross.   T-5 testing was conducted in Grumman Albatross, HU-16A, N9722B which was determined by the board to be “typical” of the existing Grumman Aircraft Fleet. The Board then  conducted  “Differences”  ground training with the HU-16RD to determine proficiency to the same T-5 test called for by the Advisory Circular, AC 120-53 in the “Variant” aircraft.  The FSB received a Differences Pilot Training Syllabus from the owner of HU-16RD. The training program was administered and the FSB proceeded to administer the T-5 test to the test subject.  After verifying that the test subject was current and competent in the baseline aircraft and had passed a T-5 flight check in the baseline aircraft, it was determined that the common type rating, G-111, would also apply to HU-16RD.  It should be noted that testing was not conducted between the Variant aircraft to any other Grumman Albatross aircraft.  The FSB did not conduct a comparison between the Variant Aircraft, Grumman Albatross HU-16RD, N44RD, and any other Grumman Albatross.  Therefore, no credit may be given to HU-16RD, N44RD for initial training.  As a result, it is required that for pilots to be rated in the Variant aircraft, HU-16RD, they must already be type rated in G-111 aircraft.

 

4.   APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT:

 

The guidelines of this report apply to Aviation Safety Inspectors,  14 CFR Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors, Airline Transport Pilots instructing in Air Transportation Service,

Designated Pilot Examiners, Certificated Flight Instructors, Certified Ground Instructors, Training Center Evaluators and Pilot Proficiency Examiners.

 

 

5.   PILOT “TYPE RATING” REQUIREMENTS:

 

In accordance with 14 CFR, Parts 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the HU-16RD is designated as “G-111”.  See FAA Handbook Order 8700.10, and  AC 61-89D, Pilot Certificates:  Aircraft Type Ratings.

 

6.  MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS:

 

Not applicable.

 

7.   “MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS” (MDR’S):

 

At this time, there are no MDR’s for the existing fleet of Grumman Albatross Aircraft. This section is reserved for variants as they are documented.

 

8.   ACCEPTABLE “OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS” (ODRS) TABLES:

 

This section is reserved for variants of the Grumman Albatross HU-16RD, N44RD.

 

9.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING:

 

The applicant must meet the requirements of 14 CFR Part 61.57 and 61.58.

 

10. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING:

 

Testing, Checking and Evaluations specified by 14 CFR Part 61.57 and 61.58, and FAA Practical Test Standards apply.

 

11. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY:

 

Currency will be maintained, or re-established, in accordance with 14 CFR Parts 61.57 and 61.58.

 

12. AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST:

 

The Owner of Grumman Albatross HU-16RD, N44RD, or any of the other models  did not provide the FSB with an Operating Rules Compliance Checklist to evaluate, therefore  it is the responsibility of the Certificate Holding District Office (CHDO) to review the operators’ compliance with pertinent rules and policies.

 

13. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS:

 

There are no simulators or devices for the Grumman Albatross at this time.  The acceptability of such simulators and devices, should they be produced at a later time, must be addressed by the Principal Operations Inspector (POI).  Requests for simulator or device approval should be made to the POI, with coordination of the FSB.  The POI may approve those simulators or devices for that operator if their characteristics  meet the established FAA criteria and have been approved by the National Simulator Program (NSP).

 

14. ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE:

 

The FSB chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed.  Alternate means of compliance must be approved by the FAA General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800, Washington Headquarters.

 

 If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

In the event that alternate compliance is sought, training program hour reductions, simulator approvals, and device approvals may be significantly limited and reporting requirements may be increased to ensure an equivalent level of training, checking, and currency.  FAA will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance means unless sufficient lead time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

 

 PART II

 

 SUPPLEMENTAL BOARD REPORT

 

Part II of the FSB report contains historical information used to develop Part I.  This information is kept on file at the Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group, (LGB-AEG), 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137.

 

Documents kept on file are as follows:

 

HU-16RD Operational Manuals

HU-16 Baseline Aircraft Initial Training Syllabus

HU-16RD Differences Training Syllabus of FSB members

HU-16RD Aircraft Flight manuals

HU-16RD FAA FSB Order (FSB member list)