FAA

FLIGHT STANDARDIZATION BOARD (FSB) REPORT

 

Lockheed Electra L-188A/C and Orion P-3A/B/C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                       APPROVED:     original signed by   DATE:  03/24/2004

 

 

John M. Lambie

Chairman, Lockheed L-188 Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Aircraft Evaluation Group (LGB AEG)

3960 Paramount Boulevard, Suite 100

Lakewood, CA 90712-4137

 

Telephone: (562) 627-5279

FAX (562) 627-5281

Internet: www.FAA.gov/FSDO/LGBAEG


MANAGEMENT COORDINATION SHEET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                           

Original signed by                                                                                            02/25/2004

Eugene F. Huettner                                                                                                       Date:

Manager,

Long Beach Aircraft Evaluation Group, LGB AEG

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original signed by T Toula for                                                                      03/10/2004

Matthew Schack                                                                                                          Date:

Manager,

Air Transportation Division AFS-200


 

 

CONTENTS

 

i

REVISION RECORD…………………………………………………………………………………………….4

1.  HISTORY…………………………………………………………………………………………………..….5

2.  PURPOSE and APPLICABILITY………………..………………………………………………………...5

3.  PILOT "TYPE RATING" REQUIREMENTS………………………………………………..…………... 5

4.  MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCR)………………………………………………………….6

5.  MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDR)……………………………………………………..6

6.  OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (ODR)……………………………………….………..6

7.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING………………………………………………………………….6

8.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING………………………………………………..……………….7

9.  fsb specifications for currency………………………………………………..……………... 7

10. ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT……………………………….…….…7

APPENDIX 1  MASTER DIFFERENCES TABLE (MDR)  ………………………………………..………...8

APPENDIX 2 OPERATOR DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS TABLE (ODR)………………………..10


 

REVISION RECORD

 

Revision No.                                         Section                                                   Page #s                                                    Date 
Original                                                  All                                                           All                                                      

1.  HISTORY

 

The Lockheed L-188 Electra has been in service for decades as a short/medium range four-engine turboprop airliner. There are two commercial models of the L-188, the L-188A model and the L-188C model, which has additional fuel.  There is also a military version, designated as the P-3A Orion.  Other military variants include the P-3B, and P-3C.  The minimum crew compliment for the L-188 and P-3 requires a Pilot, Copilot, and Flight Engineer. The designated pilot type rating for the L-188 and the P-3 is L-188.

 

In recent years the FAA has issued a number of type certificates in the Restricted Category for P-3 airplanes that allow for two-pilot crew operations, for aerial tanker purposes, in support of U.S. Forest Service fire fighting operations. 

 

In 2003, Transport Canada issued Supplemental Type Certificate SA98-11 in the Standard Category for an L-188 two-pilot conversion.  The FAA in turn issued Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) ST01836NY in the Standard Category for L-188 two-pilot operation.  As a result, a Flight Standardization Board (FSB) evaluation was conducted to compare the        flight deck configuration of the L-188 Standard Category STC with the flight deck configuration of the P-3 Restricted Type Certificate.  The flight deck configurations, for all practical piloting purposes, are identical. This FSB Report is based on evaluation of the three-crew to two-crew information accumulated between the L-188 and the P-3 models. The L-188 and P-3 two pilot conversion, will hereafter be referred to in this report as the L-188/2 and P3/2.

 

 

2.  PURPOSE AND APLICABILITY

 

The purpose of this report is to specify FAA training, checking, and currency requirements applicable to crews operating Lockheed L-188/2 This report is intended to assist Principal Operations Inspectors (POI) in the administration of FAR 121 Training programs and to FAA inspectors. Designated Check Airmen, and Pilot Proficiency Examiners in the conduct of practical tests in the L-188/2.

 

Relevant parts of this report (i.e., Type Rating Designation, training and checking, etc.) are effective when this report is approved by the FAA.  Compliance with the Master Difference Requirements MDRs and other sections dealing with differences is required unless otherwise approved by AFS-200.

 

3.  PILOT TYPE RATING REQUIREMENTS

 

In accordance with FAR Parts 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the L-188/2 and P-3/2 is designated at the L-188.

 

 

 

 

4.  MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCR’s)

 

All L-188s and P-3s are considered Category “C” aircraft for the purpose of determining

“Straight-in landing” weather minimums.  For “Circling Approaches”, the minima to be

used are as specified in the Operations Specifications for each operator. Training and checking applicable to L-188 aircraft requires demonstration of a “no flap” approach.  Completion of a demonstration in any L-188 variant suffices for any other variant.

 

5.  MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR’s)

 

The MDR’s are depicted in the MDR table in Appendix 1.

 

6.  OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR’s)

 

The ODR table is depicted in Appendix 2.

 

7.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Initial, Upgrade, and Transition Training is accomplished in accordance with FAR 121.419, and 424, and must be completed on a L-188 (P-3)  prior to Differences Training for the L-188/2

(P-3)/2 variant, if applicable. The provisions of this report apply to programs for airmen who are experienced in FAR 121 air carrier or military operations and have experience in multi-engine transport category turboprop aircraft.  For airmen not having this experience, additional requirements may be appropriate as determined by the POI, FSB and AFS-200.

 

Numerous training programs for the L-188 are already FAA approved.  Principal Inspectors of operators initially introducing an L-188 type, and where differences are not a factor, may approve such programs consistent with other programs previously approved by FAA for L-188 aircraft.  For information regarding previously approved programs, FAA Principal Inspectors of other existing L-188 operators or training organizations may be consulted.

 

Crew training for the L-188 and L-188/2 should address the unique operation of each type.  Some examples are:  in the case of the L-188/2, familiarity with FAR 91.211 (Supplemental Oxygen), FAR 91.313 (Restricted category operations), and systems training of flight operations for special purpose aircraft (forest fire fighting, anti-pollution dispersant spraying).  L-188 crew transitioning to the L-188/2 should address the differences in normal and emergency procedures.  In particular, control de-boost and smoke related emergencies should be addressed.

 

The manual reversion/control de-boost procedure in the two crew cockpit configuration

(L-188/2), was demonstrated to the FSB during certification flights.  The demonstration pointed out the importance of crew coordination during this maneuver.  The only procedure used in the demonstrations caused the captain to turn control of the aircraft over to the first officer, move the seat to the full rearward position, and pull the appropriate “T” handle (s).  Criticality of legible labels on the “T” handles for day and night operations was noted.

 

8.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

An oral or written portion of a type rating practical test need only address the L-188

(P-3) variant to be used for the conduct of the test.  For the Practical Test, airmen must complete the necessary type rating practical test of FAR Part  61/121 in any variant of the L-188 (P-3) for issuance of an L-188 pilot type rating.  Checks or Evaluations in the L-188/2 (P-3/2) are applied upon completion of the required training in the MDR table. For the purposes of airman certification, authorized FAA Inspectors are those having completed appropriate qualification (e.g. L-188 Type Rating). Proficiency checks are administered as designated in FARs 61/121 for the  L-188 or L-188/2.  Separate proficiency checks are administered for

L-188 variants and L-188/2 variants.

 

9.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Differences currency is established at Level B. Operators should schedule crews to operate

L-188/2, P-3/2 aircraft every 90 days, or re-establish currency by a crewmember review of pertinent differences training material per operator’s guidelines.

 

10.   ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

Alternate means of compliance to differences requirements of FAR 121, Subpart N

and O for the L-188, other than specified in the provisions of this report, must be

approved by AFS-200.  If alternate compliance is sought, operators must show that

the proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions

of AC 120-53 and this FSB report.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX 1

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS (MDR) TABLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 1

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS

L-188 (P-3) AND L-188/2, (P-3/2)

 

MASTER DIFFERENCES REQUIREMENTS

From Base Airplane

To Variant Airplane

L-188 (P-3)

L-188/2 (P-3/2)

not evaluated

C/C/B

 

                                          

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

DIFFERENCE LEVEL DEFINITIONS

 

Difference

   Level                         TRAINING                     CHECKING                          CURRENCY

 
Self Instruction

 

Not Applicable

(or integrated with

next PC)

 

 

Not Applicable

 

Aided Instruction

 

 

Task or System Check

 

Self Review

 

Systems Device

 

Partial Check Using Device

 

Designated System

 

 

Maneuver Device

 

 

Full PC Using Device*

 

Designated Maneuver

 

Simulator C/D or Aircraft #

 

 

Full PC using Simulator C/D or Aircraft *

Per FARs (Takeoffs & Landings in Simulator C/D or the Aircraft)

 

      A

 

 

 

      B

 

 

      C

 

 

       D

 

 

       E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX 2

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR)TABLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: L-188/2, (P-3/2)

BASE AIRCRAFT:  L-188, (P-3)

APPROVED BY

(POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

     CHKG/CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHK

CURR

21

Air

Conditioning

Removal of:

Freon Air Conditioning System

Radiant Heating System

Cabin Duct Heater

No

Yes

 

AVT

LEC

CBT

 

 

 

 

24

Electrical

Relocation of Circuit Breakers:

Generator Power

Propeller Sync.

Hydraulic Pump

Oil shut off valve

No

Yes

 

 

FTD

 

FTD

B

 

 

 

 

Note: The following abbreviations are used on this table:

 

AVT*  Audio Visual Tape presentation

LEC*   Lecture

CBT*   Computer Based Training

FTD     Flight Training Device

 

* Any one form of presentation or any combination may be acceptable