U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: Original

Date: 04/13/1993

 

 

 

 

Learjet - 60

LR/60/60

 

Richard McCleish

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group

901 Locust Street, Room 332

Kansas City, MO 64106

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone:

(816) 329-3233

FAX:

(816) 329-3241

 

 

 

 

                       LEARJET LR-60

 

 

                         CONTENTS

 

 

APPROVAL PAGE

 

CONTENTS

 

PURPOSE

 

FSB COMPOSITION

 

BACKGROUND

 

APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

 

TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

 

 

                             PURPOSE

 

The LEARJET LR-60 Flight Standardization Board (FSB) convened in

Wichita, Kansas on January 18, 1993 to evaluate LEARJET INC

proposed training, checking and currency requirements for pilots

qualifying in the LR-60 aircraft.  In their letter to the FAA

dated November 25, 1992, LearJet, Inc. requested that a type

rating separate from the LR-JET rating be required for the Model

60.  Based on this request, no other models of the LearJet family

were evaluated.

 

 

 

 

                          FSB COMPOSITION

 

Richard T. McCleish,      Chairman           MKC-AEG

John Lynch                Operations         AFS-850

Warren Kurtze             Operations         MKC-AEG

Bruce Allred              Operations         ICT-FSDO

 

One inspector had previous LEAR JET experience as second-in-

command primarily on a LR-31A.  The other three inspectors had no

previous experience in any model LEAR JET.

 

 

 

 

                             BACKGROUND

 

The Lear 60 is basically a stretched version of the model 55

although many of the same systems are found on other LearJet

models.

 

The major changes include:  48 in. cabin and fuselage stretch,

installation of Pratt & Whitney engines with Full Authority

Engine Digital Control (FADEC), maximum takeoff weight increase

to 22,750 lbs., usable fuel increase of 1160 lbs., Collins

Proline 4 avionics package and main door relocation.

 

 

 

                      APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT

 

The guidelines set forth in the FSB report apply to:

    a)  Certified Flight Instructors

    b)  Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air

transportation service

    c)  Certificated Ground Instructors associated with a

training

        center that holds exemption authority

    d)  Aviation Safety Inspectors

    e)  Designated Pilot Examiners

    f)  Pilot Proficiency Examiners

    g)  FAR Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors

 

 

 

 

                      TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

The evaluation was accomplished by attending an Initial ground

school on the Learjet model 55 and a Differences ground school on

the Learjet model 60 conducted by Flight Safety International in

Wichita, Kansas.  All FAR 61 Appendix A maneuvers were evaluated

with no significant findings made which would preclude an average

pilot with average skills obtaining a type rating in this

aircraft.

 

Airmen who successfully complete a practical examination in the

Model 60 LearJet will receive a LR-60 type rating on his/her

pilot certificate.

 

 

 

 

                   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

ADDITIONAL RATING

 

The applicant must meet the training requirements of FAR

61.157(f)(1) or (2) for addition of the LR-60 type rating to an

ATP certificate or the training required by FAR 61.63(d)(6)(i) or

(ii) for addition of the LR-60 type rating to any other grade of

certificate.

 

INITIAL CHECK

 

When a flight check is conducted for an ATP certificate or for an

additional type rating to an ATP certificate, the certification

flight check may simultaneously be credited for a FAR 135

competency check (FAR 135.293).  Ref:  8400.10 HB, para 543,

pg 3-310.

 

 

 

                   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

DIFFERENCES CHECKING

 

There are no variants to the basic model LR-60.  Therefore all

checks required by FAR 135 and\or FAR 61 must be accomplished in

make and model.

 

 

                   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

CURRENCY CHECKING

 

All currency requirements for the Lear 60 are Level E which

require separate experience in the Lear 60.  No other models of

the LearJet series were evaluated by the FSB for common flight

characteristics, therefore no credit is allowed for any recency

of experience requirements from another model LearJet to the Lear

60.

 

 

              AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Compliance checklists are provided as an aid to FAA Certificate

Holding District Offices (CHDOs) in identifying those specific

rules or policies for which compliance has already been

demonstrated to the FAA for a particular aircraft type, variant

or variant group.  The checklist also notes rules or policies

which remain to be demonstrated to CHDOs by operators.

 

Due to prior FAR 91\135 operating experience of the LearJet fleet

of aircraft, a Compliance Checklist for the LearJet model 60 has

not been included in this report.

 

PROVING RUNS:  Proving tests to satisy 135.145 should be

conducted in accordance with FAA Order 8400.10, Volume 3, Chapter

9.  Operators who have previously satisfactorily conducted

proving tests in any model LearJet would be eligible for a

significant reduction of flight time towards completion of

proving tests.

 

FORWARD OBSERVER'S SEAT:  FAR 135.75 (b) requires a forward

observer's seat on the flight deck be provided for use by the

Administrator while conducting enroute inspections.  The Board

determined that the Lear 60 cabin interior, in the standard

configuration, would not meet the requirement of providing a

forward observer's seat for FAR 135 operations.  The standard

configuration includes using cabinet assembly HL-60009-1 in the

Right-Hand Forward position as shown on the attached diagram.

Also, there were no provisons made for an audio panel in this

configuration.

 

 

 

SEAT DEPENDENT TRAINING:  The Lear 60 was designed to allow a

pilot sitting in either seat to effectively accomplish any

normal, abnormal or emergency maneuver providing that person has

received enough training and practice from the left and right

pilot seats to ensure that person's competence in conducting

those maneuvers.

 

 

            FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR SIMULATORS AND DEVICES

 

Requests for device approval should be made to the POI.  Section

61.157(d)(1) and (2) allows an approved simulator to be used

instead of the airplane to satisfy the inflight requirements of

Appendix A of Part 61, provided the simulator is approved under

FAR 121.407 and Appendix H of FAR 121, and the training program

meets the requirements of FAR 121.424(a) and (c) and Appendix H

of FAR 121.  Various exemptions have been granted to allow FAR 61

training, checking and testing in Level A, B, C, or D simulators.

Currently, there are no approved simulators which may be used to

satisfy these requirements in the Lear 60.

 

As part of the FSB, LearJet Inc. requested the Board evaluate the

Lear 55 level C simulator located at Flight Safety Int'l,

Wichita, Ks to determine if this simulator could be used as part

of the training program for the Lear 60.  Four specific areas

were addressed:  Rejected Takeoff

                 Engine Failure after V1

                 Emergency Descent

                 No Flap Landings

The Board determined that credit could be given for these areas

using a LearJet 55 level C simulator.  However, both LearJet Inc.

and Flight Safety Int'l were advised that this evaluation did not

constitute authority in any way to begin using this simulator as

part of it's training program for the Lear 60.  Before this

authorization could be given, further evaluation would be

required by members of the National Simulator team.

 

 

                  DESIGNATED EXAMINERS

 

Based on the similarity of systems, flight characteristics, and

aircraft design, the Board determined that at the discretion of

the POI and concurrence by the appropriate Flight Standards

division manager, (Re: HB 8700.1, Vol 2, Chapter 15, Paragraph 7)

a designated pilot examiner could be considered eligible for

the addition of the Lear 60 to his Letter of Authorization

provided that person met the following requirements:

         1)  25 hours PIC experience in the Lear 60.

         2)  Currently has Lear Jet authorization on his Letter

of Authority.

 

The above requirements are not meant to preclude a DPE from

requesting Lear 60 authorization if that person meets all of the

qualifications as listed in HB 8700.1.