U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Washington , D.C.

 

Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report

 

 

Revision: 2

Date: 08/25/2011

 

 

 

 

Learjet – 60XR

LR/60/60XR

 

Troy A. Zwicke

Chair, Flight Standardization Board

 

 

Federal Aviation Administration

Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group

901 Locust Street , Room 332

Kansas City , MO 64106

 

 

 

Telephone:

(816) 329-3233

FAX:

(816) 329-3241

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................................. 2

REVISION RECORD................................................................................................................. 3

1.   PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY..................................................................................... 4

2.   ACRONYMS......................................................................................................................... 4

3.   BACKGROUND................................................................................................................... 5

4.   PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION....................................................................... 8

5.   MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................... 8

6.   MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS...................................................................... 8

7.   OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS................................................................. 9

8.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING.......................................................................... 9

9.   FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING...................................................................... 10

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY.................................................................... 10

11.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS.................................... 11

12.  AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE................................................................. 11

13.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT.................................... 12

 

APPENDIX A - MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS table................................ 13

appendix B - operator difference requirements table........................... 14

appendix c - FSB board record................................................................................. 21

APPENDIX D - INTEGRATED FLIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM - 5000...................... 23

 


 

REVISION RECORD

 

 

NUMBER

 

SECTION

 

PAGE NUMBERS

 

DATE

Original

All

All

06/04/2007

1

1,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10,A,C,D

1,3,4,5, 9,10,11, A-1, C-1, D

05/07/2010

2

6, 8, 9, 10,12,  A, B, D

1, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, A-1, B-1, B-4, B-6, D-1,

D-2, D-5, D-6

08/25/2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Highlights of Change

 

Revision 1:            Entire Document                                 Updated flight crew and crew to 14 CFR Part 1 definition crewmember(s)

                                Appendix D                          Added Report for IFIS-5000 Class 3 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB).

 

Revision 2:            Entire Document                 Updated Revision number on all Headers and Revision Record

                                Section 6                               Updated Difference Level Terminology and Differences Table

                                Section 8                               Updated Training Specifications

                                Section 9                               Updated Checking Specifications                   

Section 10                             Updated Currency Specifications

                                Section 12                             Updated Guidance Documents                       

Appendix A                          Updated MDR Table

Appendix B                          Updated ODR Table and Navigation System

Appendix D                          Updated Paperless Requirements


 

 

1.  PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

 

The primary purpose of this Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report is to specify the minimum FAA master training, checking and currency requirements applicable to crewmembers operating the Bombardier Learjet Model 60XR airplane, hereinafter called the LR-60XR.  This Report can provide guidance to operators, who will be operating the LR-60XR under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 91, including Subpart K, and Part 135.

 

The guidelines in this Report apply to: Operations Inspectors, Principal Operations Inspectors (POIs), Training Center Program Managers (TCPMs), Aircrew Program Managers (APMs), Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors, Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air transportation service, Certificated Flight Instructors (CFIs), Aircrew Program Designees (APDs), Training Center Evaluators (TCEs) and other training providers.

 

The FSB will complete evaluations of future changes to the LR-60 and LR-60XR and derivative or variant models.  Future aircraft changes that the FSB may need to evaluate include, but are not limited to; engine changes, systems and instrumentation changes, and the installation of new systems.  The FSB will determine the impact of future installations on training, checking and currency and amend the FSB Report as needed.

 

The contents of this FSB Report are applicable on the effective date of its final approval and will remain effective unless amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent FSB determinations.

 

 

2.  ACRONYMS

 

Relevant acronyms used in this FSB Report are defined as follows:

 

14 CFR           Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations

AC                  Advisory Circular

ACO               Aircraft Certification Office

ACP                Autopilot Control Panel

AEG                Aircraft Evaluation Group

AFM               Airplane Flight Manual

AFS                 Autoflight System

APD                Aircrew Program Designee

APM               Aircrew Program Manager

ATP                 Airline Transport Pilot

CAS                Crew Alerting System

CFI                  Certificated Flight Instructor

CHDO                        Certificate Holding District Office

CPT                 Cockpit Procedures Trainer

CRT                Cathode Ray Tube

DME               Distance Measuring Equipment

EASA             European Aviation Safety Agency

EIS                  Engine Indication System

EFIS                Electronic Flight Information System

ESIS                Electronic Standby Instrument System

FAA                Federal Aviation Administration

FADEC           Full Authority Digital Engine Controller

FMS                Flight Management System

FSB                 Flight Standardization Board

FSDO              Flight Standards District Office

FTD                 Flight Training Device

ICAO              International Civil Aviation Organization

IFIS                 Integrated Flight Instrument System

ITT                  Interturbine Temperature

LCD                Liquid Crystal Display

LED                Light Emitting Diode

MCRs              Master Common Requirements

MDRs             Master Difference Requirements

MFD               Multifunction Display

MKC-AEG     Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group

NSP                 National Simulator Program

ODRs              Operator Difference Requirements

PFD                 Primary Flight Display

PIC                  Pilot in Command

POI                 Principal Operations Inspector
PTS                 Practical Test Standards

QRH               Quick Reference Handbook

RTU                Radio Tuning Unit

RVSM             Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum

SIC                  Second in Command

STC                 Supplemental Type Certificate

TCDS              Type Certificate Data Sheet

TCE                 Training Center Evaluator

 

 

3.  BACKGROUND

 

The LR-60 is certified in accordance with 14 CFR Part 25, with a minimum crew of two pilots.  The LR-60XR is a Model LR-60 with a Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 avionics suite and a new interior.  The LR-60XR project was completed through two separate supplemental type certificates (STCs) coordinated with the Wichita Aircraft Certification Office (ACO).


There has been no revision to Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) Number A10CE with approval of the LR-60XR designation.  The LR-60 presently shares a TCDS with the Learjet 20/30/50 Series models.  The TCDS was updated including the LR-60XR configuration changes.

 

The restyled interior, which includes redesigned cabin work areas with increased legroom, light emitting diode (LED) lighting and a new audio-visual system, was completed through STC Number ST01422WI-D.

 

The installation of the new avionics suite was completed through STC Number ST01402WI-D.  The avionics STC includes both the removal of existing equipment and installation of new equipment.  The primary changes to the LR-60XR avionics system and other cockpit displays are listed in the tables below:

 

 

Present Installed Equipment on Learjet LR-60

New Equipment Installed on

Learjet LR-60XR

Pro Line 4 Avionics System

Pro Line 21 Avionics System with IFIS

Universal Avionics UNS-1 FMS

Rockwell Collins FMS-5000

FCS-850 Flight Director/Autopilot

FCS-3000 Flight Director/Autopilot

Pro Line EFIS 6-inch X 7-inch CRTs

Pro Line EFIS 8-inch X 10-inch LCD Displays

Mechanical Engine Indicating Gauges

Digital/Analog Engine Indications on MFD

Electro-Mechanical Flt. Control Indications

EIS Flight Control Displays

Landing Gear Annunciator Lamps

EIS landing Gear Display

Electro-Mechanical Temp Control Valve

Position Indicators

EIS Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve Position Display

Electro-Pneumatic Standby Instruments

Electronic Standby Instrument System

 

 

Additional Avionics Changes on the

Learjet LR-60XR

Upgraded Dual AHRS and EFIS System

Upgraded and Repositioned RTU-4220s

Single or Dual File Server Unit & Approach Charts on MFD

Added Display Control Panels above PFD/MFD

Added Cursor Control Panels on Pedestal

Added a Heading, Speed, Altitude Panel

Integrated Avionics Processing System

Upgraded Mark V EGPWS

 

 

The LR-60XR also includes several other minor equipment changes and upgrades.  Pictorials of the LR-60 and the LR-60XR flight decks are illustrated on the following page.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR-60 FLIGHT DECK LAYOUT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR-60XR FLIGHT DECK LAYOUT


4.  PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

In accordance with 14 CFR Parts 1 and 61, the pilot type rating designation for the LR-60XR variant is LR-60, the same type rating assigned to the Learjet Model 60, which is the base aircraft.

 

 

5.  MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCRs)

 

MCRs are requirements applicable to crewmember qualification which pertain to all variants of the same type or related types.  The LR-60XR is a LR-60 with a new avionics suite and redesigned interior.  The FSB has determined that takeoff and landing performance, flight characteristics, and handling qualities are identical to the LR-60.

 

 

6. MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDRs)

 

MDRs are requirements applicable to crewmember qualification, which pertain to differences between variants of the same or related type and are listed in Appendix A for the LR-60 and LR-60XR.

 

MDRs apply when differences between a base aircraft and a variant, or differences between two variants, affect crewmember knowledge, skills, or abilities related to flight safety.  These differences are expressed in Difference Levels; A through E and require training with the use of minimum level training methods, devices, or equipment as listed in the Difference Level Table illustrated below.

 

 

Training Methods, Devices and Equipment

Difference Level

HO                  = Handout

A

ST                    = Slide / Tape presentations

TCBI               = Tutorial Computer Based Instruction

SU                   = Stand-Up Instruction

VT                   = Video Tapes

B

ICBI                = Interactive Computer Based Instruction

CSS                 = Cockpit System Simulators

CPT                 = Cockpit Procedures Trainers

PTT                 = Part Task Trainers

FTD 2-5          = Flight Training Devices (level 2-5)

C

FTD 6-7          = Flight Training Devices (level 6-7)

SIM A-B         = Simulators (level A or B)

D

SIM C-D         = Simulators (level C or D)

ACFT              = Aircraft

E

 


7.  OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODRs)

ODRs are operator specific requirements necessary to address differences between a base aircraft and one or more variants in a transition training program that list compliance methods relative to training, checking and currency.  ODR tables consist of design, maneuver and system difference tables.

 

ODR tables are an acceptable means to comply with MDRs based on the differences and the compliance methods shown.  For operators transitioning from the LR-60 to the LR-60XR, the ODR tables in this FSB Report are acceptable and may by approved by POIs for a specific operator.

 

The ODR tables, submitted by Bombardier Learjet, address proposed training, checking and currency differences when flight crews are qualified in the LR-60 and are transitioning to the LR-60XR.  ODR tables for crewmembers transitioning from the LR-60XR to the LR-60 were not available at the time the FSB was completed, but were considered by the FSB and have been appropriately addressed in this Report.

 

The ODR tables in this Report are not the only acceptable means of compliance.  Operators who wish to establish a different means of compliance, must request FAA approval through their assigned POI for ODR tables unique to their fleet.  The POI should coordinate this action with the FSB chairman and AFS-200.

 

ODR tables are included in Appendix B. 

 

 

8.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Operator training in the LR-60XR must emphasize the differences between the Pro Line 4 system and the Pro Line 21 system.  Operator differences training should be accomplished in accordance with the MDR table in Appendix A of this Report.

 

The FSB recommendation for the minimum amount of differences ground training and systems integration training when transitioning from the LR-60 to the LR-60XR is:

 

Day 1

8 Hours Ground Training

Day 2

4 Hours Systems Integration

 

2 Hours Line Operational Evaluation

 

The FSB recommends that systems integrations training be set at Level C using the minimum devices that meet the Level C requirements specified by the Difference Level Table on Page 9.  Programming the Rockwell Collins FMS-5000 must be mastered before a crewmember advances to the line operational evaluation.


Crewmembers trained in the LR-60XR and transitioning to the LR-60, the minimum training level is set at Level C.  No minimum amount of time has been recommended.

 

SIC training is mandatory in accordance with 14 CFR Section 61.55 for airmen, who will be serving as a SIC on the LR-60XR in U.S. operations.

 

SIC training that will lead to a Second-in-Command pilot type rating in the LR-60XR will also have to be completed for pilots assigned SIC duties, unless they hold the LR-60 type rating.  A Second-in- Command type rating and training is required by 14 CFR Section 61.55 (a)(3), (d), and (e), for international operations in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.

 

 

9.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

The minimum checking level for the LR-60XR is set at Level C.  During checking, crewmember knowledge of the Pro Line 21 System, as well as proficiency in programming the FMS-5000 System, must be evaluated.

 

For crewmembers trained in the LR-60XR and transitioning to the LR-60, the checking level is set at Level B.

 

 

10.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

The currency level for the LR-60XR is set at Level C or Level A when meeting listed requirements in next paragraph.  If crewmembers have not operated the LR-60XR within the preceding 6 calendar months, operators should re-establish currency for their crewmembers by providing training that meets the minimum requirements in the FSB Specifications for Training (Section 8). Any FAA approved LR60XR Initial / Upgrade / Re-Qualification or Recurrent training course and the satisfactory completion of a Proficiency / Competency check will satisfy the requirements for re-establishing currency.

 

If crewmembers have operated the LR-60XR in the past 6 calendar months and retained system knowledge and proficiency, the currency level is set at Level A. If a Proficiency / Competency check is satisfactorily completed in the month after the crewmembers due month (grace month late), the currency at will continue at Level A.

 

For crewmembers trained in the LR-60XR and transitioning to the LR-60, the currency level is set at Level A.

 

14 CFR Part 142 Training Center Instructors and Evaluators actively conducting LR-60XR training need only meet the requirements of 14 CFR Part 142. When conducting flight training in an actual aircraft, crewmember currency requirements listed above are applicable.  


11.  FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

All requests for the use of training devices or flight simulators in an operator’s training program, or at a Part 142 approved training center or other training provider should be addressed to the appropriate FSDO.  Requests for device or simulator approval should be made through the POI.  Guidance is

available in 14 CFR Part 61, FAA Order 8900.1 and AC 120-40B.  POIs should seek additional assistance through the FAA’s National Simulator Program (NSP) Office.

 

The training and checking requirements of 14 CFR Part 61, Part 91 Subpart K and Part 135, as well as the ATP and Aircraft Type Rating PTS, allow partial or full credit in approved training devices and simulators. 

 

The FSB recommends that systems integration training be accomplished in a simulator, or the aircraft with ground power available.

 

Bombardier Training center at DFW Airport has both a LR-60 and a LR-60XR Level D Simulator available for training.

 

 

12.  AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE

 

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST – The Aircraft Regulatory Compliance Checklist is beneficial to the FAA Certificate Holding District Office (CHDO) and assigned principal inspectors because it identifies regulatory and operational requirements for which compliance has already been demonstrated to the FAA for a particular type aircraft or variant model.  The LR-60 has been in service since 1993 and has met all regulatory operational requirements.  The LR-60XR FSB did not complete a new regulatory compliance checklist for the LR-60XR, nor did it update an existing compliance checklist.

 

It is the responsibility of the CHDO to review compliance with FAA rules, policies and processes before the LR-60XR is approved for entry into commercial service.

 

PROVING AND VALIDATION TESTS – Proving and validation tests, which may be required by an operator to comply with the requirements of 14 CFR 135.145, should be conducted in accordance with FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 29.  For mixed fleet operators, a representative amount of proving flights should be completed in the LR-60XR.

 

FORWARD OBSERVER SEAT – A forward observer seat on or near the flight deck, equipped with a headset or speaker, seat belt, oxygen, ventilation and lighting, is required.  This seat is provided for use during enroute inspections as required by 14 CFR 135.75 and for the administration of flight tests leading to pilot certification or operating privileges.  The most forward cabin seat in the LR-60 and LR-60XR is used for this purpose.

 


13.  ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE TO THIS REPORT

The FSB chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed.  The FAA General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800, or the FAA Air Transportation Division, AFS-200, must approve alternate means of compliance.  If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB Report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

 

 


 

 

APPENDIX A – MDR TABLE

 

 

 

AIRPLANE TYPE RATING:

LR-60

 

 

FROM AIRPLANE

 

 

 

 

TO AIRPLANE

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR-60

 

 

LR-60XR

 

 

LR-60

 

 

N/A

 

C/B/A

 

LR-60XR

 

C/C/C*

 

N/A

 

 

Level C differences training is the highest training level required for the LR-60 and the LR-60XR.  When crewmembers are assigned from one aircraft to the other, operators and training providers must ensure that the level of training given is adequate for crewmembers to fully understand the differences between the flight deck layouts and avionics system controls in the LR-60 and the LR-60XR.

 

Interactive computer based instruction is suitable to instill the necessary knowledge.  Operators and training providers are responsible for the availability of equipment or devices, with simulated panel and instrument indications which allows the manipulation of system controls and switches by all crewmembers during training.  Acceptable equipment or devices are those that replicate the installation, functionality and operation of the Rockwell Collins Pro Line 4 and Pro Line 21 Avionics Systems, as appropriate, in the LR-60 and the LR-60XR airplanes.  Examples of suitable equipment or devices that meet this intent are CPTs, FTDs, simulators and the aircraft.

 

* The currency level for crewmembers, who are trained and qualified in both the LR-60XR and the LR-60, or who are engaged in mixed fleet flying, is Level C if they have not operated the LR-60XR in the preceding 6 calendar months.  If crewmembers have not operated the LR-60XR, operators and training providers must ensure they receive the minimum training required by this report to reestablish currency in the LR-60XR.  If crewmembers have operated the LR-60XR in the past 6 calendar months and retained system knowledge and proficiency, the currency level is set at Level A.


APPENDIX B – ODR TABLES

 

 

Operator Differences Requirements

 

 

 

Definitions

ODR Training Level

HO                  = Handout

A

ST                   = Slide / Tape Presentation

TCBI              = Tutorial Computer Based Instruction

SU                  = Stand-Up Instruction

VT                   = Video Tape

 

 

B

ICBI                = Interactive Computer Based Instruction

CSS                = Cockpit System Simulator

CPT                = Cockpit Procedures Trainer

PTT                = Part Task Trainer

FTD 2-5         = Flight Training Device (level 2-5)

 

 

C

FTD 6-7         = Flight Training Device (level 6-7)

SIM A-B         = Simulator (level A or B)

 

D

SIM C-D         = Simulator (level C or D)

ACFT                         = Aircraft

 

E

NOTES

 

An “X” in an ODR table column indicates that any of the training methods listed for that level are the minimum acceptable level. If a specific instruction method is specified in an ODR table column, it must be used.



“ C* ” in the Checking column (CHKG) of the ODR Tables requires use of training devices specified in “TRAINING LVL C” column of ODR table

 

More ODR Checking and Currency level definitions may be found in AC 120.53.

 

 

 


 

1. ODR Tables – Learjet 60 to Learjet 60XR

 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 

  APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

CHKG / CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

Weights

Max Ramp Weight- Unchanged

Max Take-off Weight- Unchanged

Max Zero Fuel Weight- Unchanged

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

Dimensions

No Change

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

 

 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 

  APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

CHKG / CURR

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

PTS

Maneuvers

No Changes

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

 


 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 

 APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________                  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

CHKG / CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

21 Air Conditioning

EIS Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve Position Display replaces electromechanical Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve Position Indicators

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

22 Auto Flight

Pro Line 21 Coupled Autopilot replaces Pro Line 4 Independent Autopilot

No

Minor

 

 

X

 

B

A

22 Auto Flight

Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS and LVL CHG modes removed and SPD mode changed to FLC replaces  Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS, LVL CHG and SPD modes

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

23 Communications

RTU 4220 Radio Tuning Units replace RTU 870 Radio Tuning Units.

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

23 Communications

EIS SELCAL Display replaces SELCAL Annunciator panel

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

24 Electrical Power

EIS Electrical Display replaces Power Monitor

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

27 Flight Controls

EIS Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim Display replaces Electromechanical Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim Indicators

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

27 Flight Controls

EIS Flaps and Spoilers Display replaces electromechanical Flaps and Spoilers indicator

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

32 Landing Gear

EIS Gear Display replaces Gear Annunciator Lamps

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

33 Lights

Circuit Breaker and Integral cockpit panel lighting and some switch/lights changed to LEDs

No

No

 

X

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Pro Line 21 EFIS 8x10 displays replace Pro Line 4 EFIS 6x7 displays.

Air Data Reference Panel (ARP), Attitude Awareness Panel (AAP), Course Heading Panel (CHP) removed, replaced by Display Control Panel (DCP) (On-Side PFD), Cursor Control Panel (On-Side MFD), Heading Speed Altitude Panel (HSA) and Course Panel

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

A

34 Navigation

Pro Line 21 Attitude Heading System (AHS) replaces Pro Line 4 Attitude Heading System (AHS)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

B

A

34 Navigation

Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 FMS replaces Universal FMS

No

Major

 

 

X

 

C

C / A

34 Navigation

Pilot/Copilot EFIS Control Panel modified

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Standby instruments, Electro-pneumatic standby Altitude/Airspeed and Attitude instruments replaced by an Electronic Standby Instrument System (ESIS)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Backup RTU HSI display replaces Sensor Display Unit  (SDU) and Sensor Display Driver (SDD)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Integrated Flight Information System:

IFIS-5000  

No

Major

 

 

X

 

C

C

34 Navigation

Capable of supporting optional:  Enhanced map displays, XM/Universal weather display, etc. 

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

77 Engine Indicating

EIS Engine Display replaces electromechanical engine indicators (N1, N2, ITT, OP, OT and FF)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

77 Engine Indicating

Backup Engine Indications on the RTU

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

78 Engine Control

EIS Thrust Reverser (TR), Engine SYNC and APR annunciations replace TR, SYNC and APR annunciator Lamps in glare shield Warning Panel

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

 


 

2.      ODR Tables – Learjet 60XR to Learjet 60

 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 

  APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

      CHKG / CURR

DESIGN

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

Weights

Max Ramp Weight- Unchanged

Max Take-off Weight- Unchanged

Max Zero Fuel Weight- Unchanged

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

Dimensions

No Change

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

 

 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 

 APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________

 

COMPLIANCE METHOD

TRAINING

       CHKG / CURR

MANEUVER

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

PTS

Maneuvers

No Changes

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

 


 

 

 BASE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60XR

 DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT:  Learjet 60

 

 APPROVED BY

  (POI)____________________________                  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TRAINING

CHKG / CURR

SYSTEM

REMARKS

FLT

CHAR

PROC

CHNG

LVL

A

LVL

B

LVL

C

LVL

D

CHKG

CURR

21 Air Conditioning

Electromechanical Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve Position Display replaces EIS Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve Position Indicators

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

22 Auto Flight

Pro Line 4 Coupled Autopilot replaces Pro Line 21 Independent Autopilot

No

Minor

 

 

X

 

B

A

22 Auto Flight

Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS and LVL CHG modes added and FLC mode changed to SPD replaces  Flight Control Panel (FCP) with FLC  modes

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

23 Communications

RTU 870 Radio Tuning Units replaces RTU 4220 Radio Tuning Units.

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

23 Communications

SELCAL Annunciator panel replaces EIS SELCAL Display

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

24 Electrical Power

Electrical Power Monitor replaces EIS Electrical Display

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

27 Flight Controls

Electromechanical Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim Indicators replaces EIS Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim Display

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

27 Flight Controls

Electromechanical Flaps and Spoilers indicator replaces EIS Flaps and Spoilers Display

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

32 Landing Gear

 Gear Annunciator Lamps replaces     EIS Gear Display

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

33 Lights

Circuit Breaker and Integral cockpit panel lighting and some switch/lights changed to bulbs and

electroluminescent lighting.

No

No

 

X

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Pro Line 4 EFIS 8x10 displays replaces Pro Line 21 EFIS, 4 6x7 displays.

Air Data Reference Panel (ARP), Attitude Awareness Panel (AAP), Course Heading Panel (CHP) replaces, Display Control Panel (DCP) (On-Side PFD), Cursor Control Panel (On-Side MFD), Heading Speed Altitude Panel (HSA) and Course Panel

No

Major

 

 

X

 

B

A

34 Navigation

Pro Line 4 Attitude Heading System (AHS) replaces Pro Line 21 Attitude Heading System (AHS)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

B

A

34 Navigation

Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 FMS replaced by Universal FMS

No

Major

 

 

 

X

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Pilot/Copilot EFIS Control Panel modified

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Standby instruments, Electro-pneumatic standby Altitude/Airspeed and Attitude instruments replaces  Electronic Standby Instrument System (ESIS)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Backup RTU HSI display replaced by Sensor Display Unit  (SDU) and Sensor Display Driver (SDD)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

34 Navigation

Optional:  Enhanced map displays, XM/Universal weather display, etc. not available 

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

77 Engine Indicating

EIS Engine Display replaced by electromechanical engine indicators (N1, N2, ITT, OP, OT and FF)

No

Minor

X

 

 

 

A

A

77 Engine Indicating

Backup Engine Indications on the RTU not available.

No

No

X

 

 

 

A

A

78 Engine Control

EIS Thrust Reverser (TR), Engine SYNC and APR annunciations replaced by TR, SYNC and APR annunciator Lamps in glare shield Warning Panel

No

Minor

 

X

 

 

A

A

 


APPENDIX C – BOARD RECORD

 

BOARD COMPOSITION – The Initial FSB for the LR-60XR consisted of two FAA operations inspectors, and the FSB chairman.  Both operations inspectors and the FSB chairman are rated in the LR-60 and were current at the time the FSB was completed.  One inspector is a FAA national resource inspector in the LR-60.

 

APPLICANT’S PROPOSAL – The applicant, Bombardier Learjet, submitted ODR tables that proposed Level C training, Level B checking and Level A currency.

 

TESTS – The LR-60XR FSB met in Wichita, Kansas, from January 31 to February 2, 2007.  Both FAA inspectors, who were the test subjects and the FSB Chairman, underwent systems ground training and systems integration training.

 

The instruction, which was provided by Bombardier Training Center instructors, included 12 hours of ground training and seven hours of systems integration training.  Four hours of systems integration training was completed through the use of a computer interactive system and the remaining three hours was completed in the aircraft with a ground power unit operating.

 

Following a review of the ODR tables and the manufacturer’s proposal, which were submitted by Bombardier Learjet, it was decided that the T-1 test could not be administered.  Since the handling qualities of the LR-60 base aircraft and the LR-60XR variant are identical, the T-2 test was not applicable.  Following training, the T-3 test, as specified by AC120-53, was administered.

 

The two test subjects each flew selected maneuvers from the ATP/Type Rating PTS and completed a line-oriented flying segment.  The FSB Chairman graded each of the tasks and maneuvers on a 1 to 5 scale to establish a basis for the final evaluation of the differences training proposal.

 

Bombardier Learjet did not submit ODR tables for differences training when crewmembers are trained initially in the LR-60XR and then transition to the LR-60 until after the FSB was completed.  Based on previous operating experience in the LR-60 and the training completed in the LR-60XR by FSB Board members, differences levels for training, checking and currency were evaluated and included in the MDR table in Appendix 1.  The FSB agreed with the manufacturer’s proposed training differences as submitted.

 

TEST RESULTS – During the conduct of maneuvers, the FSB noted no significant differences and accepted Bombardier Learjet’s proposal with only two exceptions.

 

First, the Board recommended an additional four-hour block of systems integration training be added and a four-hour block of ground instruction be deleted for crewmembers transitioning from the LR-60 to the LR-60XR. The aggregate number of hours of differences training remains 24, but the last four hours may be waived if the pilot reaches proficiency with the FMS and Pro Line 21 System.


Second, the Board recommended that the differences level for crewmember currency in the LR-60XR be Level C.  However, it may be adjusted to Level A depending on crewmembers currency with the FMS and Pro Line 21 Systems.

 

In late 2009, a LR-60XR 14 CFR Part 135 operator requested an FSB concerning the IFIS-5000 and the possibility of utilizing the paperless concept in air carrier operations. The board consisted of the FSB chairman evaluating the system and reviewing all certification documents. An electrical load analysis was requested but never produced. Revision 1 to this FSB Report was initiated and published.

 

In late 2010, Bombardier Learjet requested an update to the FSB report and provided an electrical load analysis package. The Bombardier Training Center also requested an update to the FSB generated from customer / industry feedback requesting additional simulator system integration experience and less classroom ground training .The Training Center also requested a Line Operational Evaluation to critique and evaluate each student’s level of knowledge and proficiency. The electrical load analysis and LR-60 and LR60XR Differences Curriculum provided by the Bombardier Training Center was reviewed and evaluated. Revision 2 to this FSB Report was initiated and published.

 


APPENDIX D

 

ROCKWELL COLLINS PROLINE 21

INTEGRATED FLIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM - 5000

 

CLASS 3 ELECTRONIC FLIGHT BAG OPERATIONAL EVALUATION

 

 

Table of Contents

 

1.   Purpose and Applicability

2.   EFB Description

3.   EFB Mounting

4.   EFB Display and Reflectivity

5.   EFB Procedures and Database Revisions

6.   FSB Specifications for Training

7.   FSB Specifications for Checking

8.   FSB Specifications for Currency

9.   FSB Specifications for Devices and Simulators

10. Environmental Testing

11. Instructions for Continued Airworthiness

12. Compliance Checklist

13. List of EFB Affected Documents

14. Alternate Means of Compliance

 

1. PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

 

The following is provided for the benefit of FAA Principal Inspectors and aircraft operators for their use in determining the acceptance of EFB applications.  As described in AC 120-76A, Guidelines for the Certification, Airworthiness, and Operational Approval of Electronic Flight Bags Computing Devices, the Collins IFIS-5000 is certified Class 3 EFB Hardware and Type C applications. Class 3 EFB hardware is installed equipment and requires AIR, AEG and POI involvement.  The applications are classified as Type C due to the functionality and interaction of the Electronic Charts.  The charts can be manipulated (i.e. zoomed, scrolled, etc.) as Type B, but are classified Type C because aircraft “own ship position” is provided on the installed display on the airport depictions and charts.  Referencing the Electronic Charts section, this function has been certified as a situational awareness tool and is not intended to alleviate the crewmember from carrying primary navigational reference materials, i.e. paper charts. 

 

Per AC 120-53A, the EFB functions are classified as Training Level C, Checking Level C, and Currency Level C.

This Appendix is applicable for operational approval of the IFIS-5000 system as an Electronic Flight Bag in the following aircraft:

 

 

As previously noted, the Electronic Charts section has been certified as a situational awareness tool and is not intended to alleviate the crewmember from carrying primary navigational reference materials. The IFIS-5000 integration is approved “paperless” for a time limit of 0.5 hours (30 minutes) due to the main battery emergency capacity and no electronic chart backup. The aircraft must be able to descend and land at a suitable airport within this time period. The paperless time limit may be increased based on the individual aircraft’s approved electrical load analysis referencing Main Battery Capacity Analysis (Table 15 – Total Time Available in Hours). The FSB recommendation for unlimited (no time limit) paperless approval would require implementing at least one (1) of the following contingency recommendations:

 

a) Redundant EFB application hosted on different / secondary EFB platform

b) Primary paper products carried by selected crewmember, (i.e. Trip Kit)

c) Complete set of sealed paper backups in the aircraft accessible to flight crew

d) Procedural means to allow flight crew access to charts in event of dual generator failure.

 

2. EFB DESCRIPTION

 

IFIS-5000 System

The Integrated Flight Information System (IFIS) provides supplemental information, such as weather and electronic charts, in the cockpit via Adaptive Flight Displays (AFD).  The IFIS functions are intended to provide situational awareness only and do not provide alerts or warnings.  The three major functions provided by the IFIS-5000 are; support for navigational charts, enhanced map overlays, and graphical weather images.  The charts function allows the viewing of selected Jeppesen aeronautical charts.  The Enhanced Maps function is split into an application and a server that together provide map overlays of geopolitical, airspace, airway data and visual navigation information.  The Graphical Weather function option provides various weather images. The Graphical Weather System is operator selected as either XM or Universal however, only a single graphical weather system is approved for installation at a time.

 

The following Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 IFIS-5000 components are required as a minimum for “paperless” operational approval.

 

Quantity

Description

Hardware / Software

Part Number

2

FSU-5010

Hardware

822-1543-XXX

2

ECU-3000

Hardware

822-1200-XXX

2

AFD-3010E

Hardware

822-1753-XXX

2

CCP-3000

Hardware

822-1746-XXX

2

MMT-5000

Hardware

822-1811-XXX

2

FSA-5000

Software

822-0001-XXX

2

ECH-5000

Software

810-0002-XXX


FSU-5010

The File Server Unit (FSU-5010) is a dedicated LRU with three major functions that provide the processing platform for the IFIS:  Solid-state memory; a processor capable of running one or more applications, and high-speed ethernet communications with other avionics.  The FSU provides the mass data storage within its mass storage hardware, necessary for up-linked graphical weather, enhanced map overlays and electronic charts displayed on the MFD.  Ethernet bussing provides the high-speed connection to the MFD.  The high speed ethernet connection minimizes the time taken to respond to a display request from the pilot, while providing a level of integrity to the data being transmitted.

 

CCP-3000

The Cursor Control Panel (CCP-3000) is mounted in the flight deck to provide additional pilot controls necessary for the chart function. These functions include:

 

 

IFIS-5000 Functions

Electronic Charts, Graphical Weather and Enhanced Map Overlays functions each require an active subscription. Rockwell Collins Integrated Flight Information System IFIS-5000 Operator’s Guide must be immediately available to the flight crew.

 

Electronic Charts

The Electronic Aeronautical Charts and Approach Plates are intended to provide ease of chart access and improved situational awareness by allowing the display of aircraft present position on Geo-referenced charts.  The Electronic Charts function is NOT intended to alleviate the crew from carrying primary material in the form of paper charts.  Operational Ap proval for EFBs is required to substitute Electronic Charts for Paper Charts.

 

The Electronic Charts feature will typically provide information to include (but is not necessary restricted to): the display of charts for arrival, approach, departure, airport and NOTAMS.  Access to the Electronic Charts format is via a CCP chart button.  Integration with the Rockwell Collins FMS flight plan data provides easy access to all charts pertinent to the flight plan.  Pilot entered station IDs are allowed.  The Electronic Chart function provides aircraft position on all geo–referenced charts. The FMS transmits flight plan information (origin airport, destination airport, destination arrival, destination approach, and alternate airport) used by the electronic chart function.  Charts associated with each flight plan element are listed on the MFD chart selection menu.  A single action selects any of these charts for immediate display.


IFIS-5000 electronic chart feature includes:

 

 

If airport diagrams are referenced to geographical coordinates, an aircraft symbol is superimposed on the airport diagram to enhance position awareness.  Approach charts referenced to geographical coordinates also have an aircraft symbol superimposed on the chart to enhance situational awareness.

 

Enhanced Map Overlays

The File Server Unit (FSU) provides several map databases that contain additional data that can be overlaid on the MFD PPOS & Plan Maps.  The additional map databases include:

 

 

The Enhanced Map application does NOT serve as the primary means for positional information in the cockpit. The features provided by the Enhanced Map application are only considered to provide Minor Hazards in cruise. Enhanced Map overlays are advisory and not to be used for navigation.  Navigation data related to approach is provided by the charts application.

 

Graphical Weather Function

The IFIS-5000 system will support several graphical weather functions. The weather radar is the primary means for aiding “tactical” short-range navigation decisions, while the strategic planning can be performed using the longer-range graphical weather data.  Graphical Weather may NOT be substituted for weather radar. Weather Radar provides thunderstorm detection and avoidance information in compliance with 14 CFR requirements.

 

The Graphical Weather function provides weather information to pilots to enhance awareness of the flight situation by providing a strategic meteorological overview.  The intention is to improve operational safety and efficiency.  The graphical weather feature provides the display of stored graphical weather images.  A menu allows the pilot to select available graphical weather images that are stored in the FSU.  Stored images are down linked through the XM or Universal CMU receiver to the FSU.  The data received is broadcast from a ground weather service provider.  The graphical information can be panned and zoomed using the Cursor Control Panel Joystick and Zoom buttons.  The information provided is:

3. EFB MOUNTING

 

EFB applications can be displayed on either pilot or copilot MFD and have been certified as part of the type design.

 

4. EFB DISPLAY AND REFLECTIVITY

 

The EFB has been evaluated in both low light and full sunlight. The display is readable under the full range of lighting without distraction.

 

5. EFB PROCEDURES AND DATABASE REVISIONS

 

The database effectivity format that is displayed on the MFD is designed to allow the flight crew (or maintenance personnel) to ascertain the currency of the installed databases.  The databases listed on this page include:

 

 

The database effectivity format provides information regarding the begin date, end date, and currency status of each of the installed databases.  When databases are selected on the page, the format also provides detailed information regarding the database regions of coverage.  When an installed database is out of date, the flight crew is provided a “CHECK DATBASE STATUS” annunciation (only when on the ground) in the Lower Format Window.  When this annunciation is displayed, the operator can select the Database Effectivity page and a “NOT CURRENT” annunciation (in yellow) is displayed in the status column.

 

6. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

 

Training level is set at Level C. Level C training requires mastering the FMS and EFB functions. As a minimum, the crew should use the FMS to flight plan and the EFB electronic chart functions to pull up the airport depiction charts, SIDs, Arrival Procedures, and approach charts. Pilots should master the graphic weather depiction functions to obtain METARS and TAFs for origin, destination, and alternate airports.


7. FSB SPECIFCATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

Checking level is set at Level C. Level C checking requires a demonstration of proficiency in a task or system. A check is required for Initial, Transition or Initial Differences training. The check may be administered by a company chief pilot, company check airman, company instructor, a Designated Pilot Examiner, Training Center Evaluator, or other FAA representative.  Recommended tasks include demonstrating competency in using the FMS to integrate use of the electronic chart functions to display departures, arrivals, approaches, and utilization of the graphical weather text functions.

 

8. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency level is set at Level C. Currency is required in using the FMS and EFB electronic charts and weather depictions. The crewmember must utilize the IFIS 5000 in flight or an approved simulator within 3 calendar months or reestablish currency in the system by re-accomplishing the Level B Checking requirements specified by this report.  For Part 91 operations only, the Level B Checking requirements of this report may be accomplished under the supervision of an appropriately current and qualified Pilot-in-Command for the purpose of reestablishing IFIS-5000 System currency.

 

9. FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES OR SIMULATORS

 

The Level C training specified above may be conducted in a LR-60XR simulator or aircraft that is equipped with the IFIS-5000 system. The Level C checking specified above (i.e. FMS, EFB) may be conducted in a simulator or aircraft that is equipped with the IFIS-5000 system. There have been no stand alone FMS/IFIS trainers evaluated.

 

10. ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING (HIRF, EMI, Decompression)

 

High Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) and Indirect Effects of Lightning (IEL) for the IFIS-5000 system were tested per High Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) And Lightning Indirect Effects Test Procedure.  The system meets Certification Basis requirements and special conditions for High Intensity Radiated Fields and Indirect Effects of Lightning Compliance Reports 60D1927 and 60D1928.

 

11. INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONTINUED AIRWORTHINESS

 

Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) for the IFIS-5000 system are addressed in accordance with aircraft certification requirements and available through normal ICA distribution processes.

 

12. COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

Compliance checklists are provided as an aid to identify those specific rules or policies for which compliance has been demonstrated to the FAA regarding the IFIS-5000.  The checklist includes rules or policies for which compliance must be demonstrated by individual operators.  Not all rules, policies or variants are necessarily listed or addressed.


The provisions of this report have shown compliance with the following regulations:

 

(1) Title 14 CFR §§ 91.9, 91.21, 91.103, 91.167, 91.169, 91.503, 91.605, 91.1023, 91.1025, 91.1063, 91.1065, 91.1067, 91.1069, 91.1073, 91.1075, 91.1077, 91.1079, 91.1081

(2) Title 14 CFR §§ 135.21, 135.23, 135.63, 135.81, 135.83, 135.144, 135.179, 135.213, 135.293, 135.297, 135.299, 135.323, 135.325, 135.327, 135.329.

 

13. LIST OF EFB AFFECTED DOCUMENTS

 

The following is a list of Procedures, Documents and Affected Manuals concerning Operational Approval of the IFIS -5000 for use as an Electronic Flight Bag:

 

14. ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE

 

Approval Level and Approval Criteria 

Alternate means of compliance to the provisions of this report, must be approved by MKC-AEG.  If alternate compliance is sought, operators will be required to establish that any proposed alternate means provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of AC 120-76A and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, or other evidence may be required.

 

Requires Equivalent Safety 

In the event alternate compliance is sought, training program hour reductions, simulator approvals, and device approvals, may be significantly limited and reporting requirements may be increased to assure equivalent safety.  The FAA will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance means, unless sufficient lead time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

 

Unforeseen Circumstances 

In the event of clearly unforeseen circumstances in which it is not possible for an operator to comply with the report provisions, the operators may seek an interim equivalent program rather than a permanent alternate compliance method.  Financial arrangements, schedule adjustments, and any other unjustifiable reasons are not considered “unforeseen circumstances” for the purposes of this provisio n.