FLIGHT STANDARDIZATION BOARD (FSB)

REPORT

 

POLSKIE ZAKLADY LOTNICZE (PZL) M28 SKY TRUCK

                                               

 

 

 

 

 

APPROVED:  ________________________________________   DATE:  ___05/17/2006_________________

 

 

ROMAN A. BUETTNER

CHAIRMAN, PZL-M28 FLIGHT STANDARDIZATION BOARD

 

 

 

FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

KANSAS CITY AIRCRAFT EVALUATION GROUP, MKC-AEG

901 LOCUST, ROOM 332

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI 64106

 

TELEPHONE:  (816) 329-3233

FAX:  (816) 329-3241


MANAGEMENT COORDINATION SHEET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                           

________________________________/S/____________________________03/09/2006__________________

Walter J. Hutchings                                                                                                       Date:

Manager,

Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group, MKC-AEG

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                           

________________________________/S/____________________________05/12/2006__________________

                                                                                                                        Date:

Manager,

General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800

 

 

 

                                                                                                           

_________________________________/S/_____________________________05/17/2006________________

Thomas K. Toula                                                                                                          Date:

Manager,

Air Transportation Division, AFS-200


 

 

CONTENTS

 

i

REVISION RECORD................................................................................................................................................................... 4

PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

ACRONYMS................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

BACKGROUND........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

FSB COMPOSITION.................................................................................................................................................................. 6

APPLICATION OF FSB REPORT........................................................................................................................................... 7

PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION............................................................................................................................. 7

MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS.................................................................................................................................. 8

MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................................................. 9

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODRs) TABLES................................................................................... 10

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING............................................................................................................................ 10

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING........................................................................................................................... 10

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY.......................................................................................................................... 10

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS........................................................................................ 11

MISCELLANEOUS.................................................................................................................................................................... 11

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE....................................................................................................................... 11

ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANCe........................................................................................................................... 12

APPENDIX 1 - AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST................................................................. A-1

 


 

REVISION RECORD

 

Revision No.                                         Section                                   Page No.                                                      Date

Original                                                  All                                           All                                                           03/09/2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The primary purpose of this flight standardization board (FSB) report is to specify FAA master training, checking and currency requirements applicable to flight crews operating the PZL-M28 Sky Truck airplane.  This report can provide guidance to operators, who will be operating the PZL-M28 under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 91 and 135, FAA Principal Operations Inspectors (POIs), Part 142 Training Centers, Part 141 Approved Schools and other training providers.  The content of this FSB report will remain effective unless amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent FSB determinations.

           

            ACRONYMS

 

Relevant acronyms are defined as follows:

           

            14 CFR            Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations

AC                   Advisory Circular

AEG                Aircraft Evaluation Group

AFM                Airplane Flight Manual
APM                Aircrew Program Manager

ATP                 Airline Transport Pilot
CFR                 Code of Federal Regulations

CHDO             Certificate Holding District Office
FSB                 Flight Standardization Board

FSDO              Flight Standards District Office
FTD                 Flight Training Device

ITT                  Interturbine Temperature

MKC-AEG      Kansas City Aircraft Evaluation Group
NSP                 National Simulator Program
Ng                   Gas Generator Speed

POI                  Principal Operations Inspector
PTS                 Practical Test Standards

PZL                 Polskie Zaklady Lotnicze

V1                   Takeoff Decision Speed

Vso                  Stall Speed –Landing Configuration

 

BACKGROUND

 

Polskie Zaklady Lotnicze (PZL), the manufacturer, originally applied for type certification in the United States in 1996.  The project was delayed for several years, but was reactivated in 2003.  Although the PZL-M28 has been operating in other countries, it was not type certificated in the United States until March 19, 2004.

 

The PZL-M28, also called the M28 Sky Truck, is a twin-engine turboprop airplane certified in accordance with 14 CFR Part 23, in the commuter category.  It is listed on FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet Number A56CE as Model PZL M28 05. 

 

The aircraft is an all-metal, high wing, monoplane with a double fin empennage and fixed tricycle landing gear.  It is equipped with flaps, slats and spoilers to give it an excellent short field capability.  The aircraft is powered by two Pratt & Whitney, PT6A-65B, engines rated at 1,100 shaft horsepower each and two Hartzell, HC-B5MP-3D, five-blade propellers with full feathering and reverse thrust capability.

 

The PZL-M28 has a maximum certificated takeoff and landing weight of 16,534 pounds and a maximum passenger capacity of 19.  It can be built in a passenger version, a cargo version or a mixed version.  The aircraft is not pressurized, but may operate to a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet if an oxygen system is installed.  The operating ambient temperature range is –85 degrees F to +122 degrees F.  Flight into known or forecast icing conditions is prohibited.

 

 

FSB COMPOSITION

 

The following FAA personnel served on the FSB for the PZL-M28 airplane.

 

Roman A. Buettner                               Chairman                                  MKC-AEG

Johnathon A. Vetter                              Operations Inspector                MKC-AEG

Jeffrey T. Weller                                   Operations Inspector                AFS-800

Brian A. Hancock                                 Test Pilot                                  Small Airplane Directorate

 

All FSB members hold Airline Transport Pilot Certificates (ATP) with multiple type ratings.  Ground and flight training was held in Naples, Florida, from January 26 to February 5, 2005.  Ground training was arranged and provided by representatives of PZL, the manufacturer from Mielec, Poland and Sky Truck U.S., the U.S. distributor for the PZL-M28.  All flight training was conducted in the airplane by Mr. Czeslaw Zywocki, the chief test pilot from PZL.

 

Board members completed the type rating practical test from February 2-5, 2005, in accordance with the Airline Transport Pilot and Aircraft Type Rating Practical Test Standards (PTS) for Airplane, Document No. FAA-S-8081-5D dated February 2001.  This method of evaluation used for an aircraft type entering service in the United States for the first time is referred to as the T-5 Test by Advisory Circular (AC) 120-53.    

 

 

The FSB performed an evaluation of all PTS maneuvers required for an airman to receive an ATP certificate with a PZL-M28 type rating.  The FSB evaluation was completed in the first

production model imported to the United States by the U.S. distributor, N305ST, Serial Number AJE00305.  The FSB completed approximately 30 hours of aircraft operations, including type rating practical tests, to determine if the PZL-M28 was suitable for operations in the United States under 14 CFR Parts 91 and 135.  Additionally, the FSB evaluated normal, abnormal, and emergency procedures recommended by PZL in the airplane flight manual (AFM).

 

The FSB is responsible for completing evaluations of future changes to the PZL-M28 and derivative models.  Other aircraft changes that the FSB may need to evaluate include, but are not limited to, engine changes, systems and instrumentation changes, and the installation of new systems.  The FSB will determine the impact of future installations on training, checking and currency and amend the FSB report as needed. 

 

The airplane used during the FSB was configured as a “Green” aircraft in accordance with AFM Supplement No. 9.80 for the ferry flight to the United States from Poland.  It was equipped with the King “Silver Crown” series radio/navigation equipment rather than the standard “Gold Crown” equipment.  There was no flight director or autopilot system installed in the airplane evaluated by the FSB.

 

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The guidelines in this report apply to: Operations Aviation Safety Inspectors, Principal Operations Inspectors (POIs), Training Center Program Managers (TCPMs), Aircrew Program Managers (APMs), 14 CFR Part 135 Air Carrier Check Airmen and Instructors, Airline Transport Pilots instructing in air transportation service, Certificated Flight Instructors,

Aircrew Program Designees, and Training Center Evaluators.

 

PILOT TYPE RATING DETERMINATION

 

In accordance with 14 CFR Parts 1 and 61, the pilot type rating for the PZL-M28 05 (Sky

Truck) is designated as PZL-M28.  All maneuvers required by the Airline Transport Pilot

and Aircraft Type Rating Practical Test Standards were performed and evaluated by FSB members.  Airmen who satisfactorily complete the practical test in this aircraft will receive a PZL-M28 type rating on their airman certificate. 

 

FSB did not conduct a comparison between the PZL-M28 05 and any other PZL models since this aircraft is the only model presently type certificated in the United States.  No credit may be given for training, checking, or currency between the PZL-M28 and any other variant aircraft or aircraft built by another manufacturer.

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MASTER COMMON REQUIREMENTS (MCRs)

TAKEOFFS.  All takeoffs should be made with power at 91+1% Ng minimum to ensure the propeller auto feather system operates automatically in the event of an engine failure after V1.  All takeoffs should also be made with a power setting of 91+1% Ng and a flap setting of at least 5 degrees (normal takeoff flap setting is 15 degrees) in the event of an engine failure after V1 to ensure the spoilers automatically deploy on the opposite engine wing to counteract control wheel forces and rolling tendencies.

 

STEEP TURNS.  It is recommended that steep turns are trained and checked at 130 knots or less depending on the aircraft weight.

 

STALLS.  The PZL-M28 has no unusual stall characteristics and includes an automatic slat extension system for added stability.  The stall speed in the clean configuration is 78 knots and in the landing configuration is 68 knots.  The FSB noted that a minimal power setting should be used for all stalls depending on aircraft configuration.  With no power, the onset of a stall can occur quickly and recovery can be impeded due to a delay in engine spool-up.

 

EMERGENCY DESCENTS.  It is recommended that emergency descents during training and checking be done with propeller levers in a range of 1450 to 1700 RPM as listed in the AFM.  The FSB also recommends an emergency descent speed of 180 knots during training rather than 192 knots as specified in the AFM emergency procedures.

 

ENGINE SHUTDOWNS AND PROPELLER FEATHERING IN FLIGHT.  For an intentional engine shutdown and feathering of the affected propeller, the aircraft should be configured as follows: flap setting at least 5 degrees; both engines 91+1% Ng; propellers full forward and airspeed 92 knots.  Engine shutdown is initiated by retarding the condition lever to cutoff.  This procedure will ensure that the spoilers will deploy on the good engine side.  The airspeed, as specified in Section 3 of the AFM, should be maintained for the weight/altitude/temperature condition. 

 

The spoilers will automatically retract if the power is reduced below 91% Ng on the operating engine and the power lever on the inoperative engine is moved to the Idle position.  An engine restart can begin after the interturbine temperature (ITT) on the inoperative engine side is less than 150 degrees.  

 

SIMULATED ENGINE FAILURES.  It is recommended that simulated engine failures prior to V1 be performed with one power lever at Idle and the propeller control full forward.  All simulated engine failures after V1 can be done with the power lever at Idle and the propeller control set to the Feather position.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LANDING MINIMA.  The aircraft approach category is normally based on 1.3 times the stall speed in the landing configuration (Vso) at maximum certificated landing weight. In accordance with 14 CFR Part 97.3, the PZL-M28 would have an approach speed of 88 knots.  However, PZL and the certificating authority of Poland have determined that the aircraft approach speed should be as follows:

 

Straight in approaches – A minimum of 103 knots with flaps at 15 degrees until the final approach fix for a non-precision approach or glide slope intercept for a precision approach; then 97 knots with flaps 40 degrees for the final approach segment. 

 

Circling approaches – A minimum of 103 knots with flaps at 15 degrees until the final Approach Fix or glide slope intercept; then 97 knots with flaps at 40 degrees for the final approach segment and circling maneuver.

 

The FSB concurs with PZL.  The PZL-M28 will use Category B for both straight in and circling approaches.

 

LANDINGS.  All approaches to landings should be made at 92 knots with some power until the aircraft is near the end of its flare to preclude the possibility of a stall prior to landing.  With the propellers forward and flaps at 40 degrees, elevator authority diminishes rapidly without power.

 

FLAP OPERATING RANGE.  The PZL-M28 has flap extended speed limitations of 116 knots with flaps at 15 degrees and 108 knots with a flap setting of 40 degrees.  These limitations can be exceeded very easily in flight.  

 

NO FLAP APPROACHES.  Approaches and landings with a 0 degree flap setting are not waived and should be trained and evaluated.  The ATP and Type Rating PTS require an evaluation of an approach and landing with flaps at 0 degrees.

 

SPECIAL EMPHASIS TRAINING.  It is recommended that all flight crewmembers receive training on the operation of the rear entrance door.  For aircraft configured for cargo operations, training should be provided for operation of the cargo hoist and other equipment.  If the aircraft has approval for parachuting operations, training should be provided on system control, special equipment and normal and emergency procedures.  If the aircraft will be operated on unimproved landing areas, the flight crew should receive additional training appropriate to that environment.  

 

span style='font-size:12.0pt' MASTER DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (MDRs)

This section is reserved for future variants of the PZL-M28.

 

OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODRs) TABLE S

This section is reserved for future variants of the PZL-M28.

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAINING

An applicant for a type rating at the ATP certificate level must meet the training requirements of 14 CFR 61.157 (b) or (c).  For the addition of a PZL-M28 type rating to a pilot certificate

other than at the ATP level, an applicant must meet the training requirements of the applicable sections of 14 CFR 61.63 (d) or (e).

 

All training is at Level E since there are no approved variants of the PZL-M28 operating in the United States.

 

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CHECKING

 

There are no special or unusual requirements connected with the administration of a type rating practical test to be administered in the PZL-M28. 

 

Satisfactory completion of an ATP practical test in the PZL-M28, or the addition of a PZL-M28 type rating to an existing ATP certificate, may be simultaneously credited for a competency check or instrument-proficiency check, as applicable, under 14 CFR Part 135 or Subpart K of Part 91 for pilots who have completed the air carrier’s or fractional ownership company’s approved training program.

 

All checking required by 14 CFR Part 61.58, Subpart K of Part 91 and Part 135 is at Level E since there are no variants of this make and model operating in the United States.  All type rating checks and pilot proficiency checks required by 14 CFR 61.58 will be administered in accordance with the ATP and Type Rating Practical Test Standards.

 

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURRENCY

 

Currency will be maintained or reestablished in accordance with the requirements of 14 CFR Part 61.55, 61.56, 61.57, or 135.247 as applicable.  All currency requirements are also at Level E, which mandates that currency be accomplished in the PZL-M28 model.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FSB SPECIFICATIONS FOR DEVICES AND SIMULATORS

 

All requests for the use of training devices or flight simulators in an operator’s training program, or at a Part 142 approved training center or other training provider should be addressed to the appropriate FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO).  Requests for device or simulator approval should be made through the POI.  Guidance is available in AC 120-40B, AC 120-45A and FAA Order 8400.10.  POIs should seek additional assistance through the FAA’s National Simulator Program (NSP) Office.

 

The training and checking requirements of 14 CFR Part 61, Subpart K of Part 91 and Part 135, as well as the PTS, allow partial or full credit in approved training devices and flight simulators.  However, at the present time, there are no approved flight simulators or flight training devices available for the PZL-M28 in the United States.

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

PROVING TESTS.  Proving tests, which may be required by an operator to comply with the requirements of 14 CFR 135.145, should be conducted in accordance with FAA Order 8400.10, Volume III, Chapter 9.

 

FORWARD OBSERVER SEAT.   A forward observer seat on or near the flight deck, equipped with a headset or speaker, is required to be provided for use by the Administrator during enroute inspections by 14 CFR 135.75 (b) and for the administration of flight tests leading to pilot certification or operating privileges.  The PZL-M28 has a jump seat installed at the front of the cabin, which folds out and forward and locks into position behind the flight crew.

 

    

AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE

 

The aircraft regulatory compliance checklist is of benefit to the FAA Certificate Holding District Office (CHDO) and assigned principal inspectors because it identifies regulatory and operational requirements for which compliance has already been demonstrated to the FAA for a particular type aircraft or variant model.

 

The FSB completed an evaluation of N305ST, Serial Number AJE00305, to determine operational compliance with the appropriate sections of 14 CFR Parts 91 and 135.  The attached checklist, Appendix 1, provides the FSB findings.

 

NOTE:  The PZL-M28 model evaluated by the FSB was not equipped in the manner that future models will be since it was specifically configured for the ferry flight to the United States.  Although the FSB finding may state that equipment was “not installed on the subject aircraft,” it is, in most cases, available for installation.  The FSB recommends that those items of equipment be checked more closely.

 

ALTERNATE MEANS OF COMPLIANC E TO THIS REPORT

The FSB chairman should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed.  The FAA General Aviation and Commercial Division, AFS-800, or the FAA Air Transportation Division, AFS-200, must approve alternate

means of compliance.  If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to

the provisions of AC 120-53 and this FSB report.  Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.



 

APPENDIX 1 - AIRCRAFT REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST

 

 

FAR

Sub

Req.

Requirement

Compliance

Remark

FSB Finding

 91. 9

(a)

Compliance with Flight Manual, Markings, and Placard Markings

The airplane meets the 14CFR 23.1545 through 23.1567 and 23.1583 through 23.1589 regulations.

Operating limitations are included in:

1. AFM ref No. M28/10/2002.

2. Markings and Placard Markings: AFM Sec. 2.39

 

Aircraft in compliance.

 91. 9

(b)(1)

Availability of Current Airplane Flight Manual in Aircraft

The airplane meets the 14CFR 23.1581 regulations. A current, approved Airplane Flight Manual and revisions of AFM are distributed to the operator.

Current AFM is furnished with each airplane. Actual and approved revisions of AFM are distributed to the operator and operator’s National Authorities with the service letters. AFM is placed in special pocket on frame No 9.

 

Copy of original AFM with matching Serial No. was on the aircraft.

 91. 9

(c)

Identification of Aircraft in

Accordance with FAR 45

The airplane is identified in accordance with 14CFR part 45 regulations .

 

Fireproof identification placard with all information required by FAR 45 is mounted on the rear, outside part of fuselage below horizontal stabilizer. Appropriate registrations marks are painted on aircraft skin according to the FAR 45 regulations.

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.191

 

Category II and Category III Manual

The required instruments and equipment listed in 14CFR 91 App. A are installed in the airplane for Category II operation.

(14 CFR 91.191 does not apply to operations conducted by a certificate holder operating under 14 CFR part 121 or 135 - Commuter and on-demand operations)

 

Required instruments and equipment for Category II and III operations were not installed in the subject aircraft.

Category II and III Manuals are an operator responsibility.

 91.203

(a) (b)

Valid Airworthiness Certificate, Flight Permit, Registration Certificate.

The airplane has an appropriate and current airworthiness certificate, as required by 14 CFR 91.203.

Operator has all required certificates displayed at the cockpit entrance.

 

Required documents were on the aircraft.

Operator responsibility.

 91.203

(c)

Fuel Tanks in the Passenger/Baggage Compartment

The airplane meets the 14CFR 23.967(d) regulation.

No fuel tanks installed in the Passenger/Baggage Compartment

Dwg. No.

28.15.0100.300.000

28.15.1500.000.000 Issue.1. Auxiliary fuel tank inside the fuselage is installed for ferry flights only. No passengers and no cargo are allowable on the board during ferry flight.

 

No fuel tanks in the passenger or baggage compartment.

Aircraft in compliance.

 91.203

(d)

Fuel Venting and Exhaust Emissions Requirements

The airplane meets the 14CFR 34 as amended through Amendment 34-3, eff. Feb. 3, 1999

PZL M28 05 meets the 14 CFR Part 34 Amdt. 34-3 Fuel Venting and Exhaust Emissions Requirements

(See TCDS No. A56CE, Certification Basis).

 

Aircraft in compliance.

 91.205

(a)

Powered Civil Aircraft with Standard Category U.S. Airworthiness Certificates: Instrument and Equipment Requirements: General

The airplane may operate in any operation described in regulations 14CFR 91.205 (b) through (f).

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations” Kinds of Operation List.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

 91.205

(b)

Day VFR

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (b) - Visual-flight rules (day).

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations”, Kinds of Operation List.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

 91.205

(c)

Night VFR

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (c) - Visual-flight rules (night).

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations”, Kinds of Operation List.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.205

(d)

IFR

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (d) - Instrument flight rules.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations”, Kinds of Operation List.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.205

(e)

Flight at and Above FL240

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (e) - see remark.

Max. approved operating altitude is FL250. DME is installed. See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations”, Kinds of Operation List.

 

DME was not installed in the subject aircraft.

91.205

(f)

Category II Operations

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (f) - Category II operations.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2 „Limitations”, Kinds of Operation List and

MMEL Ref. No. M28/PRG/Z/1/2004.

 

Aircraft was not equipped for Category II operations.

91.205

(g)

Category III Operations

The airplane is equipped as required in 14CFR 91.205 (g) - Category III operations (i.e. as required in 14CFR 91.205 (d))

 

 

Aircraft was not equipped for Category III operations.

91.207

(a) (b)

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

The airplane is equipped as required by 14CFR 91.207 (a).

For operations in the United States, an approved transmitter will be installed.

 

Aircraft in compliance.

 

91.207

(c) (d)

Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

Batteries and Maintenance

The airplane has the approved transmitting equipment installed.

The aircraft operator is responsible for batteries and ELT maintenance.

 

Concur.  Operator responsibility. 

91.211

(a)

Supplemental Oxygen: General

The airplane meets the 14CFR 23.1441 through 23.1449 regulations (23.1447(b)(2),(d),(e) – not applicable).

The required minimum flight crew is provided with and uses supplemental oxygen during flight at altitude up to 25000 ft

Supplemental oxygen equipment for passengers - not installed

 

Supplemental oxygen system was not installed on aircraft.

 

Operator responsibility to comply with 14 CFR.

91.213

 

Inoperative Instruments and Equipment

The airplane has an approved Minimum Equipment List as required by 14CFR 91.213 regulations.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec.2 Limitations, Kinds of Operation Equipment List

 

A master minimum equipment list (MMEL) has been developed and approved for the PZL-M28.

91.215

(a)

ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and Use

The airplane transponder and altitude reporting equipment meets the 14CFR 91.215(a) regulations.

MTS 67A transponder equipment installed meets the performance and environmental requirements of TSO-C112.

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.215

(b) (c) (d)

Transponder Operation

The airplane transponder and altitude reporting equipment meets the 14CFR 91.215(b), (c), (d) regulations.

See above; the airplane is equipped with automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment (KDC 481 Air Data Computer) transmitting pressure altitude information in 100-foot increments.

 

Aircraft in compliance.

Transponder “ON” in flight and deviations are an operator responsibility.

91.217

(a)

Data Correspondence Between Automatically Reported Pressure Altitude Data and the Pilot’s Altitude Reference: ATC Directed Deviation

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.217(a) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment (KDC 481 Air Data Computer)

 

Operator is responsible for compliance.

91.217

(b)

Encoded Altitude Accuracy

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.217(b) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment (KDC 481 Air Data Computer)

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.217

(c)

Altimeter-Encoding Equipment Specifications

 

 

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.217(c) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with automatic pressure altitude reporting equipment (KDC 481 Air Data Computer)

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.221

 

 

 

(a)(b)

Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) Equipment and Use

The airplane is not equipped with

traffic alert and collision avoidance system

 

 

Agree, TCAS system not installed on subject aircraft.

91.223

(a)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.223(a) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with EGPWS Mk.VI system (TAWS system).

EGPWS meets the requirements for Class A of TSO C151a.

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Only 5 passenger seats were installed.  AFM Supplement for EGPWS was available.

91.223

(b)

Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.223(b) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with EGPWS Mk.VI system.

EGPWS meets the requirements for Class A TSO C151a.

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Only 5 passenger seats were installed.  AFM Supplement for EGPWS was available.

91.223

(c)

AFM Procedures for TAWS

 

 

 

The airplane meets the 14CFR 91.223 (c) regulations.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section „Supplements” - Supplement 9.60

 

Agree, there is an EGPWS Supplement in the AFM.

91.223

(d)

 

 

Exceptions to TAWS

Exceptions

Airplane is designated to parachute operations (sky diving) too.

 

It is an operator responsibility to determine if TAWS equipment is required.

91.409

 

Inspections

The airplane was inspected as required by 14CFR 91.409 regulations.

The airplane was inspected for the issuance of an airworthiness certificate in acc. with 14CFR part 21.

 

PZL has prepared instructions for continued airworthiness and maintenance manuals for the conduct of inspections.

91.411

 

Altimeter System and Altitude Reporting Equipment Tests and Inspections

The equipment was tested as required by 14CFR 91.411 regulations.

The manufacturer of the airplane conducted the tests required by paragraph 91.411.

 

Aircraft is in compliance.

Operator responsibility.

91.413

 

ATC Transponder Tests and Inspections

The equipment was tested as required by 14CFR 91.413 regulations.

The tests required by paragraph 91.413 were conducted by the manufacturer of the airplane; if the transponder was installed by the manufacturer

 

 

Aircraft is in compliance.

Operator responsibility.

 

 91.503

(a)(1)

Flying Equipment and Operating Information: Flashlights

Airplane flashlights meet the 14CFR 91.503(a)(1) regulations.

 

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

 91.503

(a) (2)

Cockpit Checklist

The Cockpit Checklist is furnished with each airplane as required by 14CFR 91.503(a)(2) regulation.

The document „Checklist for airplane M28 „SKYTRUCK” - normal procedures and emergency procedures” is furnished with each airplane.

 

Checklist was available on the subject aircraft.

Operator responsibility.

91.503

(a) (3)  (a) (4)

Aeronautical Charts

Pertinent aeronautical charts are accessible for each flight so the 14CFR 91.503(a)(3) and (a)(4) are met.

 

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.503

(a) (5)

One Engine Inoperative Climb Performance Data

The airplane documentation contains information as required by 14CFR 91.503(a)(5) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 5 „Performance”

 

Performance data is available in the AFM.

91.503

(b) (c)

Cockpit Checklist Contents

The airplane Cockpit Checklist contains information as required by 14CFR 91.503(b) and (c) regulations.

See  „Checklist for airplane M28 „SKYTRUCK” - normal procedures and emergency procedures”.

 

Checklist in aircraft complies.

91.503

(d)

Use of Data by Crew

The equipment, charts, and data are accessible for the pilot in command and other members of the flight crew as required by 14CFR 91.503(d) regulation.

 

 

Flight crew responsibility.

91.507

 

Equipment Requirement: Over the Top, or Night VFR Operations

The airplane equipment meets the 14CFR 91.507 regulations for over-the-top or at night VFR operations.

Landing lights meets 14CFR23.1383 regulations.

The airplane is equipped for IFR operations under 14CFR 91.205(d) and landing lights are installed.

 

 

Installed in the subject aircraft.

91.511

 

Radio Equipment for Overwater Operations

The airplane radio equipment meets 14CFR 91.511 regulations for overwater operations, more than 30 minutes flying time

See list of airplane operable equipment.

 

 

Required equipment is installed in this aircraft.

91.513

 

Emergency Equipment

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR23.851 and 23.1561 regulations.

Appropriate First-Aid-Kit and Fire-Extinguishers are installed, see Dwg. Nos. 28.14.7552.550.000 28.14.7552.155.000

 

Required equipment is installed in this aircraft.

91.517

 

Passenger information

The airplane signs meet 14CFR91.517 regulations.

“Fasten Belts, No smoking”, “EXIT” etc. Lights are installed, see MM Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Chapter 33 Lights. Sign switch - on horizontal control panel, see AFM Sec. 7

 

Appropriate passenger information signs are installed.

91.519

 

Passenger Briefing

Before each takeoff all passengers are orally briefed so the14 CFR 91.519 regulations are met

Appropriate procedures are included in AFM Sec. 4.7.

 

An oral passenger briefing is a flight crew responsibility.

91.521

 

Shoulder Harness

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR91.521 regulations..

PZL M28 safety belt and shoulder harness restraint system meets 14 CFR 23.785 regulations.

 

A shoulder harness restraint system is installed at each pilot station.

91.525

 

Carriage of Cargo

Carriage of cargo meets 14CFR23.787 regulations

 

 

Carriage of cargo is an operator/flight crew responsibility.

91.527

 

Operating in Icing Conditions

Operating into known or forecast icing conditions is prohibited.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002 Sec. 2.23 Kinds of Operations.

The airplane is equipped with icing protection (propeller blades, cockpit windshields, pressure probes, engine air intakes)

 

Flight into icing conditions is prohibited in the United States.  The subject aircraft was not equipped with anti/deicing equipment.

91.603

 

Aural Speed Warning Device

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR 91.603 regulations.

 

14CFR91.601 regulation does apply to the transport category airplane but PZL M28 05 airplane is equipped with such device.

 

Not applicable.  Required by airplanes certificated under 14 CFR Part 25.

91.605

 

Transport Category Civil Airplane Weight Limitations

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR 91.605 regulations

14CFR91.605 regulation does apply to the transport category airplanes but appropriate data are included in AFM of the PZL M28 05 airplane.

 

Not applicable.  Required by airplanes certificated under 14 CFR Part 25.

91.609

 

Flight Recorders and Cockpit Voice Recorders

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR91.609 regulations.

SSFDR Flight Data Recorder and FA 2100 Cockpit Voice Recorder are installed.  See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.56 and 9.57 and MM Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Chapter 31

 

Flight data recorder installed.

Cockpit voice recorder not installed in the subject aircraft.

91.609

(a)

Operation with Inactive Flight Data Recorder or Cockpit Voice Recorder

The 14CFR 91.609(a) are met.

See MMEL.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.609

(b)

Operation by Other than Holder of Air Carrier or Commercial Certificate

The 14CFR 91.609(b) are met

See MMEL.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.609

(c)

Requirements for Flight Data Recorder - 10+ passengers

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR91.609(c) regulation.

SSFDR approved flight recorder is capable of recording the data specified in appendix E to 14 CFR91 and retain 50 hours of aircraft operation.

 

Aircraft complies with requirement.

91.609

(d)

FDR Operations

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR91.609(d) regulation.

The airplane SSFDR operate continuously as required by 14CFR91.609(d) regulation.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.609

(e)(f)

Requirement for Cockpit Voice Recorder

The airplane cockpit voice recorder meets 14CFR23.1457 regulations and may operate as required by 14CFR91.609(e),(f) regulations.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.56.

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Five passenger seats installed.  AFM Supplement is available for installation.

91.609

(g)

Accident Reporting

14CFR 91.609(g) regulations are met

Appropriate FDR is installed

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.613

 

Materials for Compartment Interiors

The airplane meets the compartment interior requirements of 14CFR23.853 regulations.

 

 

The PZL-M28 is a commuter category airplane, which meets the requirements of 14 CFR 23.853.  The subject airplane’s interior was not complete and could not be evaluated.

91.1033

(a)(1) & (b)

Cockpit Checklist

14CFR 91.1033 (a)(1)&(b) regulations are met

For the airplane cockpit checklist required by 14CFR91.1033(a)(1) is submitted and contain the required by 14CFR91.1033(b) procedures.

 

Cockpit checklist available.

91.1033

(a)(2) & (c)

Emergency Cockpit Checklist

14CFR 91.1033 (a)(2)&(c) regulations are met

For the airplane emergency cockpit checklist required by 14CFR91.1033(a)(2) is submitted and contain the required by 14CFR91.1033(c) procedures.

 

Cockpit checklist with emergency procedures available.

91.1033

(a)(3)

Aeronautical Charts

14CFR 91.1033 (a)(3) regulations are met

Aeronautical charts are accessible to the pilot at the pilot station.

 

Operator flight crew responsibility.

91.1033

(a)(4)

IFR Navigation/Approach Charts

14CFR 91.1033 (a)(4) regulations are met

IFR Navigation/Approach Charts are accessible to the pilot at the pilot station.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

91.1035

(f)

Passenger Briefing Cards

14CFR 91.1035 (f) regulations are met

Appropriate Passenger Briefing Cards are accessible to the each passenger.

 

Operator responsibility.

91.1045

(b)(1)

Cockpit Voice Recorder

The airplane is equipped with the cockpit voice recorder, and meets 14CFR91.1045(b)(1) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.56

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.

91.1045

(b)(2)

Flight Recorder

The airplane is equipped with the flight data recorder, and meets 14CFR91.1045(b)(2) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.57

 

Aircraft in compliance.

91.1045

(b)(3)

TAWS System

The airplane is equipped with the EGPWS system, and meets 14CFR91.1045(b)(3) regulation.

EGPWS (TAWS system) meets the requirements for Class A TSO C151a.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.90

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Only 5 passenger seats were installed.  AFM Supplement for EGPWS was available.

91.1045

(b)(4)

TCAS System

The airplane is not equipped with the TCAS system

 

 

TCAS system not installed on subject aircraft.

91.1045

(b)(5)

Airborne Weather Radar Equip.

The airplane is equipped with the RDR 2000 weather radar, and meets 14CFR91.1045(b)(5) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.59

 

This equipment is available, but not installed on the subject aircraft.

91.1115

(a)

Minimum Equipment List

An approved Minimum Equipment List exists for that aircraft, and meets 14CFR91.1115(a) regulation.

 

See MMEL Ref. No. M28/PRG/Z/1/2004.

14CFR 91.1015(a) regulation also apply to program manager, to issue management specifications authorizing operations

 

A MMEL has been developed and approved for use by operators of the PZL-M28.

91.1411

 

Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program

Maintenance Program complied with the 14CFR 91.1413 through 91.1443

 

 

Aircraft would qualify to be maintained under a CAMP.  This is an operator decision.

91.App A

 

Category II Operations

The airplane has the equipment as required by 14CFR 91.App.A.

The required instruments and equipment listed in 14CFR 91 App. A are installed in the airplane, for Category II operation.

 

Equipment was not installed in the subject aircraft.  Other aircraft may be equipped for Category II operations.

91.App C

 

Operations in the North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (MNPS) Airspace

Not applicable.

Maximum operating altitude is FL 250.

 

 

This Appendix does not apply.  The maximum operating altitude of the PZL-M28 is 25,000 feet.

 91 App G

 

Operations in Reduced Vertical Separation (RVSM) Airspace

Not applicable.

Maximum operating altitude is FL 250.

 

This Appendix does not apply.  The maximum operating altitude of the PZL-M28 is 25,000 feet.

135. 21

 

Manual Requirements

The airplane manuals (and changes) meet 14CFR 135.21 regulations.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002 and MM Ref. No M28/11/2002. They are distributed as required in 14CFR 135.21 regulations.

 

Company manual is an operator responsibility.

135.75

(b)

Inspector’s Credential: Admission to pilot’s compartment: Forward observer’s seat.

The airplane forward observer’s seat meets 14CFR135.75(b) regulation.

See Forward Observer Seat, Dwg. No 28.14.7503.100.000

(with access to headphones socket)

 

A forward observer seat is installed on the aircraft.

135.76

(b)

DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator’s Credentials: Admission to Pilots Compartment: Forward Observer’s Seat

The airplane forward observer’s seat meets 14CFR135.76(b) regulation.

See Forward Observer Seat, Dwg. No 28.14.7503.100.000

(with access to headphones socket)

 

A forward observer seat is installed on the aircraft.

135.83

(a) (1) & (b)

Cockpit Checklist

The appropriate Cockpit Checklist is furnished with each airplane and meets 14CFR 135.83 (a)(1) & (b) regulations.

See  „Checklist for airplane M28 „SKYTRUCK” - normal procedures and emergency procedures”.

 

A cockpit checklist provided by the manufacturer was available.

135.83

(a) (2) & (c)

Emergency Procedures Checklist

The appropriate Cockpit Checklist is furnished with each airplane and meets 14CFR 135.83 (a)(2) & (c) regulations.

See  „Checklist for airplane M28 „SKYTRUCK” - normal procedures and emergency procedures”.

 

A cockpit checklist containing emergency procedures provided by the manufacturer was available.

135.83

(a) (3)

Aeronautical Charts

14CFR 135.83 (a)(3) regulations are met

Aeronautical charts are accessible to the pilot at the pilot station.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

135.83

(a) (4)

IFR Navigation/Approach Charts

14CFR 135.83 (a)(4) regulations are met

IFR Navigation/Approach Charts are accessible to the pilot at the pilot station.

 

Operator or flight crew responsibility.

135.83

(a) (5)

Multiengine Aircraft One-Engine Climb Data

The airplane documentation contains information required by14 CFR 135.83 (a)  (5) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 5 „Performance”

 

The AFM includes multiengine aircraft one-engine climb data. 

135.93

 

Autopilot: Minimum Altitudes for Use

The airplane KFC Digital Flight Control System meets 14CFR135.93 (a) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.32 „KFC 325 Digital Flight Control System” (Minimum altitude for use is 600 feet)

 

An autopilot system was not installed on the subject aircraft. 

An AFM Supplement was available for this installation.

135.127

 

Passenger Information

The airplane passenger information meets 14CFR135.127 regulations.

“Fasten Belts, No smoking” light is installed.  See MM Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Chapter 33 Lights. Sign switch - on horizontal control panel, see AFM Sec. 7

 

“No Smoking” signs/lights are installed.

135.128

 

Safety Belts and Child Restraint Systems

 

Actually the airplane is not equipped with child restraint system.

 

Safety belts are installed on all seats.

Child restraint systems were not available.  Operator may provide.

135.129

(d) (e)

Exit Seating Passenger Information Cards

Operator comply with the 14CFR135.129(d)(e) regulations

Appropriate cards are accessible to the each passenger.

 

PZL may provide, but operator is responsible for passenger information cards.

135.143

(b)

Approved/Operable Instruments and Equipment

The airplane instruments and equipment meets 14 CFR 135.143 (b).

See MMEL Ref. No. M28/PRG/Z/1/2004.

 

Equipment and instruments must be operable except in accordance with an approved MEL.  Operator responsibility.

135.143

(c)

ATC Transponder

The airplane transponder meets 14 CFR 135.143 (c).

MTS 67A transponder equipment installed meets the performance and environmental requirements of TSO-C112.

 

Installed on the aircraft.

135.147

 

Dual Controls Required

The airplane is equipped with dual controls, and meets 14CFR135.147 regulation

The airplane is equipped with dual controls of primary flight surfaces - see AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec.7 „Description of the airplane and its systems”

 

Aircraft complies with this requirement.

 

135.149

(a)

Altimeter Adjustable for Barometric Pressure

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR23.1303(b) regulation.

Sensitive pressure altimeter Series 5934 (5934AD-3A.131) is installed. See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec.7 „Description of the airplane and its systems”

 

Aircraft complies with this requirement.

135.149

(b) (e)

Additional Equipment

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR 23.1323(e), 23.1303, 23.1305 regulations.

 

 

Subparagraph (b) is not applicable to the PZL-M28.

Subparagraph (e) cannot be determined.

135.151

(a)

Requirement and Installation of CVR

The airplane cockpit voice recorder meets 14CFR23.1457 (a) (1) and (2), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g); regulations and may operate as required by 14CFR135.151(a) regulation.

FA 2100 Cockpit Voice Recorder is installed.   See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.56 and MM Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Ch. 31

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Aircraft had 5 passenger seats.  AFM Supplement is available for installation.

135.151

(d)

Boom and Mask Microphone

The airplane cockpit voice recorder meets 14CFR23.1457(c)(5)

 

 

Aircraft not equipped.  CVR is available.

135.151

(e)

CVR - Recorded Data

The airplane cockpit voice recorder meets 14CFR23.1457 regulations and may operate as required by 14CFR135.151(e) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.56.

 

Aircraft not equipped.  CVR is available.

135.152

 

Flight Recorders

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR135.152 regulations.

SSFDR Flight Data Recorder is installed. See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.57 and MM Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Ch. 31

 

Flight data recorder was installed.

135.152

(a)

Requirement for FDR

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR135.152(a) regulation.

SSFDR approved flight recorder is capable of recording the data specified in appendix B to 14 CFR135 and retain 50 hours of aircraft operation.

 

Flight data recorder was installed.

135.152

(c)

Operations

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR135.152(c) regulation.

The airplane SSFDR operate continuously as required by 14CFR135.152(c) regulation.

 

Equipment complies with this requirement.

135.152

(f)

Installation Requirements

The airplane SSFDR system installation meets 14CFR135.152(f) 

SSFDR is installed in accordance with the 14 CFR 23.1459 requirements.

 

Equipment complies with this requirement.

135.152

(g)

Underwater Locator Device

The airplane SSFDR meets 14CFR23.1459(d) regulation.

 

 

Information was not available to determine compliance.

135.153

(a)

Requirement for GPWS

The airplane EGPWS Mk.VI system meets 14CFR135.153(a) regulation.

The airplane is equipped with an approved ground proximity warning system. See AFM, Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.60

 

GPWS equipment was not installed on the subject aircraft.  It is required under 14 CFR 135 and is available from PZL. 

135.153

(c)

Airplane Flight Manual

The airplane AFM, Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Section 9.60 „EGPWS” meets 14CFR135.153(c) regulation.

 

 

AFM Supplement 9.60, pertaining to an EGPWS system is posted in the AFM.

135.154

 

Terrain Awareness and Warning System

The airplane EGPWS Mk.VI system meets 14CFR135.154 regulations.

EGPWS Mk.VI meets the requirements for Class A TSO C151a. The airplane also includes an approved KMD 540 multifunction display.

 

Not installed on the subject aircraft.  Five passenger seats were installed.  AFM Supplement for EGPWS was available.

135.155

(a)

Fire Extinguishers: Type and Suitability of Agent

The airplane fire extinguishers meet 14CFR23.851 regulations.

One TOTAL HAL 1.2 in cockpit and

one TOTAL HAL 2.5 in passenger cabin hand fire extinguishes are installed.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

135.155

(b)

Fire Extinguisher on Flight Deck

The airplane fire extinguisher in cockpit meets 14CFR23.851(a) regulation.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

135.155

(c)

Fire Extinguisher in Passenger Compartment

The airplane fire extinguisher in passenger compartment meets 14CFR23.851(b) regulation.

 

 

Aircraft in compliance.

135.157

(a)

Oxygen Equipment Requirements Unpressurized aircraft.

The airplane oxygen equipment meets 135.157(a) regulation.

Oxygen system for flight crewmembers at altitudes above 3000 m (9842 ft) is installed. Max. cruise altitude for airplane passenger version is 3000 m (see AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 2.27)

 

System not installed on the aircraft.

Aircraft is restricted to 10,000 feet for passenger operations.

135.157

(c)

Equipment requirement

The airplane oxygen equipment meets the 14CFR 23.1441 regulations.

 

Max. approved operating altitude is FL250 - 14CFR135.157(c) not apply.

 

Oxygen system not installed on the aircraft.  A supplemental oxygen system is available for flight crewmembers for use to 25,000 feet.

 

135.158

(a)

Pitot Heat Indicating Systems Requirement and Operation

Airplane pitot heat indication system meets the 14CFR135.158(a) regulations.

System meets the 14CFR 23.1323 (e) Amdt 42 and has the appropriate indication light

 

 

Equipment was installed on the aircraft.

 

135.159

(a)-(g)

Equipment Requirements: Carrying Passengers under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top Conditions

The airplane flight/navigational equipment provides for VFR and IFR flying capability, day and night.

The airplane installation of instruments, electrical supply system and lights meets the 14CFR 23.1331, 23.1351, 23.1381, 23.1401 regulations.

See Kinds of Operations List included to the AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002

 

Aircraft was equipped with the minimum required items of equipment.

135.161

 

Radio and Navigational Equipment: Aircraft Carrying Passengers Under VFR at Night or under VFR Over The Top

The airplane radio/navigational equipment meets the 14CFR135.161 regulations.

See description of particular radio/navigational equipment, contained in AFM Ref. No. 28/10/2002 Sec. 9.

 

Aircraft was equipped with the minimum required items of equipment.

135.163

(a) -(e)(g)(h) & (i)

Equipment Requirements: Aircraft Carrying Passengers Under IFR

The airplane has the navigation equipment installed as required by 14 CFR 135.163 for carrying passengers under IFR. The airplane installation of instruments, electrical supply system meets the 14CFR 23.1331, 23.1351

See Kinds of Operations List included to the AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002

 

Aircraft was equipped with the minimum required items of equipment.

135.165

(a) (b) (c) & (d)

Radio and Navigational Equipment: Extended Overwater or IFR Operations

The airplane radio/navigational equipment meets the 14CFR135.165(b),(c) & (d) regulations.

See MMEL Ref. No. M28/PRG/Z/1/2004.

Description of particular radio/navigational equipment contained in AFM Ref. No. 28/10/2002 Sec. 9.

 

Aircraft was equipped with the minimum required items of equipment.

135.167

 

Emergency Equipment: Extended Overwater Operations

The airplane safety equipment meets 14CFR23.1411 and 23.1415 regulations.

 

 

Aircraft was not equipped for extended over water operations.

This type of operation is optional and is an operator responsibility.

135.170

 

Materials for Compartment Interiors

The airplane meets the compartment interior requirements set forth in 14CFR23.853 regulations.

 

14CFR135.170 (b) - apply except for commuter category airplanes.

14CFR135.170 (c) - apply for transport category airplanes.

 

The PZL-M28 is a commuter category airplane, which meets the requirements of 14 CFR 23.853.  The subject airplane’s interior was not complete and could not be evaluated.

135.171

(a)

Shoulder Harness Installation at Flight Crewmember Stations

The airplane shoulder harness restraint system at flight crewmember stations meets 14CFR 23.785 regulations.

 

 

Shoulder harness was installed in the aircraft.

135.173

(a)

Airborne Thunderstorm Detection Equipment

The airplane is equipped with the airborne RDR 2000 weather radar, and meets 14CFR135.173(a) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.59

 

This equipment was not installed in the subject aircraft.  It is available as optional equipment.  There is an AFM Supplement available.

135.173

(f)

Power Supply

The 14CFR135.173(f) regulation applies to airborne thunderstorm detection equipment supply.

The airplane is equipped with the airborne weather radar equipment. RDR 2000 radar is not supply with an alternate/emergency electrical power source.

 

Compliance not determined.

135.175

(a)

Airborne Weather Radar Equipment

The airplane is equipped with the airborne RDR 2000 weather radar, and meets 14CFR135.173(a) regulation.

See AFM Ref. No M28/10/2002, Sec. 9.59

 

This equipment was not installed in the subject aircraft.  It is available as optional equipment.  There is an AFM Supplement available.

135.175

(e)

Power Supply

RDR 2000 weather radar is not supply with an alternate/emergency electrical power source.

 

 

Compliance not determined.

135.179

(a)

Inoperable Instruments and Equipment

The airplane equipment meets 14CFR135.179(a) regulation.

An approved Minimum Equipment List exists for that aircraft, see MMEL Ref. No. M28/PRG/Z/1/2004.

 

 

An approved MMEL had been developed and approved for the PZL-M28.

135.180

(a)

Requirement for an Approved TCAS

The airplane is not equipped with the TCAS system

 

 

Aircraft was not in compliance.  No TCAS system installed.

10 or more seats.

135.180

(b)

Flight Manual Requirements

The airplane is not equipped with the TCAS system

 

 

Aircraft was not in compliance.

No TCAS system installed.

10 or more seats.

135.181

(a)(2)

Performance Requirements: Aircraft Operated Over The Top or in IFR Conditions

The airplane meets 14CFR23.67 regulations.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 5.3 Climb performance

 

AFM performance data is available. 

135.183

(c)

Performance Requirements: Land Aircraft Operated Over Water

The airplane meets 14CFR23.67 regulations.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 5.3 Climb performance

 

AFM performance data is available. 

135.185

(a)

Empty Weight and Center of Gravity: Currency Requirement

Airplane empty weight and center of gravity data are accessible to the crew so the 14CFR 135.185(a) requirements are met.

Airplane has current empty weight and center of gravity recorded in airplane log book.

 

Subject aircraft was weighed 6 months prior to the FSB.  This determination to be made by the assigned principal inspectors.

135.185

(b)

Aircraft Original Airworthiness Certificate

The airplane weighing form (provide with new airplane) meets 14CFR135.185(b) regulation.

See „M28 empty airplane weighing form”, AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002, Sec. 6 „Weight and balance”.

 

Aircraft in compliance.  Airworthiness certificate was issued within preceding 36 months.

135.227

(a),(b) (c),(e) & (f)

Icing Conditions: Operating Limitations

Operating into known or forecast icing conditions is prohibited.

See AFM Ref. No. M28/10/2002 Sec. 2.23 Kinds of Operations.

The airplane is equipped with icing protection (propeller blades, cockpit windshields, pressure probes, engine air intakes)

 

The PZL-M28 is currently not approved for flight into icing conditions.

Compliance with this regulation is an operator/flight crew responsibility.

135.398

(a) (b) (c) & (d)

Commuter Category Airplanes Performance Operating Limitations

Airplane performance data are accessible to the crew so the 14CFR 135.398(a), (b), (c ), &(d) requirements are met.

Approved AFM meets the 14CFR 23.1589, 23.1585 regulations

 

Performance data in the AFM was reviewed.  The manufacturer made revision to performance data as recommended by the FSB.

135.419

 

Approved Aircraft Inspection Program

The approved airplane Maintenance Manual, Ref. No. M28/11/2002, Chapter 5 „Time Limits/Maintenance Checks” meets 135.419 regulations.

 

 

ICA/Maintenance Manuals submitted by PZL have been approved.

However, maintenance is an operator responsibility.

135.425

 

Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance and Alteration Programs

The approved airplane Maintenance Manual, Ref. No. M28/11/2002 meets 135.425 regulations.

 

 

ICA/Maintenance Manuals submitted by PZL have been approved.

However, maintenance is an operator responsibility.

135.427

(b)

Manual for Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance and Alterations

The approved airplane Maintenance Manual, Ref. No. M28/11/2002 meets 135.427(b) regulations.

 

 

ICA/Maintenance Manuals submitted by PZL have been approved.

However, maintenance is an operator responsibility.