U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Foreign Terminal Instrument
1. Purpose of This Order. This
order provides guidance to Flight Standards Services (AFS) personnel for evaluating
and authorizing the use of Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures (FTIP) by
U.S. certificate holders/persons operating aircraft in foreign airports under
Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts
91 subpart K
125 (including part
125 Letter of Deviation Authority (LODA) operators), and
2. Audience. The primary audience for this order applies to aviation
safety inspectors (ASI) in the oversight of FTIPs, principal operations inspectors
(POI), Regional Next Generation Air Transportation System Branch (NextGen),
All Weather Operations (AWO) Specialists, and Flight Technologies and Procedures
Division (AFS-400) personnel responsible for the policy, implementation, and
oversight of flight procedures. The secondary audience includes AFS branches
and divisions in the regions and in headquarters (HQ).
3. Where You Can Find This Order. You can find this order on the
MyFAA employee Web site at
https://employees.faa.gov/tools_resources/orders_notices. Inspectors can
access this notice through the Flight Standards Information Management System
(FSIMS) at http://fsims.avs.faa.gov.
Air carriers (operators) can find this order on the Federal Aviation Administration’s
(FAA) Web site at
http://fsims.faa.gov. This order is available to the public at
4. Cancellation. This order cancels FAA Order
8260.31B, Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures, dated March 11, 1985.
5. Explanation of Policy Changes. This revision updates
guidance to POIs for authorizing, restricting, or denying the use of FTIPs by
certificate holders. This revision clarifies the responsibilities of the certificate
holder/operator to conduct a review and assessment of a procedure to determine
if it is suitable for use by the type of aircraft that will be using it and
the type of operation. The appendices that listed FTIP restrictions have been
removed. This information is now contained on the AFS-410 Web site. This order
includes the role of the Aeronautical Navigation Products Office (AeroNav Products)
as a source of technical support for FTIPs development and assessment. The revision
updates designations of the FAA organizational elements. Unless specific exceptions
or limitations are identified, FTIPs currently in use on the effective date
of this order are authorized for continued use.
6. Background. The majority of instrument procedure development
outside the United States and its territories use International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO) Document 8168, Volume II, Construction of Visual and Instrument
Flight Procedures, criteria for procedure development. However, variations in
application of and adherence to criteria by individual states may make it necessary
to restrict or deny use of certain procedures. A review of procedures individually
identifies denial or restrictions of certain FTIPs.
a. FTIP. FTIPs include instrument approach and departure procedures
developed and published for use in foreign nations.
b. ICAO Member State. A nation identified by ICAO as a “contracting
State.” ICAO contracting States are signatories who have agreed to comply with
the Chicago Convention, which applies only to civil aircraft. This information
is available from the ICAO Web site at: http://www.icao.int.
c. Criteria. Procedure development criteria and data must be
based in the current edition of Order 8260.3, United States Standard for Terminal
Instrument Procedures (TERPS), or the procedure may be constructed using criteria
prescribed by the ICAO Doc 8168, Procedures for Air Navigation Services, or
Military Instrument Procedures Standardization (MIPS), or other special criteria
approved by HQ AFS-400. The visibility, Runway Visual Range (RVR), or Converted
Meteorological Visibility (CMV) is based on Order 8260.3, or the applicable
European Union (EU) or European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) regulation or
ICAO Doc 9365, Manual of All-Weather Operations, and the decision altitude (DA)/decision
height (DH) or minimum descent altitude (MDA) must not be below 200 feet height
above threshold (HATh) unless authorized by operations specification (OpSpec)/management
specifications (MSpecs)/Letter of Authorization (LOA).
d. Controlling Region. An FAA regional Flight Standards division
(RFSD) office assigned international responsibility for the evaluation of foreign
airports and navigation systems from the standpoint of their adequacy for use
by U.S. carriers and other U.S. operators and associated FTIPs, including instrument
landing system (ILS) Category (CAT) II and III approaches, at those airports
used by U.S. certificate holders. The RFSD, NextGen Branch, is the program focal
point within the controlling region. When appropriate, the controlling region
NextGen Branch will notify AFS-400 and appropriate lines of business (LOB) for
evaluation of procedure criteria design and flight inspection. Specific region
(1) Alaskan Region (AAL-200) – The Yukon Territories; Northwest Territories;
British Columbia, north of 52 degrees north latitude; Nunavut west of 100 degrees
west longitude, and the Russian Federation and Commonwealth of Independent States.
(2) Northwest Mountain Region (ANM-200) – Alberta; Saskatchewan; and British
Columbia, south of 52 degrees north latitude.
(3) Eastern Region (AEA-200) – East of 100 degrees west longitude and Europe;
Africa; Middle East; and India, except for the Russian Federation and Commonwealth
of Independent States.
(4) Southern Region (ASO-200) – The Caribbean and South America.
(5) Southwest Region (ASW-200) – Mexico and Central America.
(6) Western-Pacific Region (AWP-200) – Asia; the Pacific Basin; Australia;
and New Zealand.
e. Certificate Management Office (CMO)/Certificate Management Unit
(CMU)/Certificate Management Team (CMT). The FAA Flight Standards office
responsible for issuing an air carrier’s certificate, approving OpSpec, and
regular inspection and surveillance of the certificate holder.
f. Certificate-Holding Region. The FAA region associated with
the CMO/CMU/CMT are responsible for a particular certificate.
Note: The CMO/CMU/CMT, for a certificate holder, may not be in the
same controlling region that has responsibility for the country in which the
certificate holder will operate it. Therefore, the applicable controlling region
(as defined above) is responsible for providing the status of a country’s FTIP
under their responsibility.
g. Certificate Holder/Operator. A U.S. air carrier or operator,
operating under part 91K,
135, who holds either an air carrier certificate or an operating certificate.
FTIP review actions performed by a contractor/consultant, while employed by
a certificate holder are considered to be actions of the certificate holder.
h. International Field Office (IFO)/International Field Unit (IFU).
An AFS office that authorizes operations to the United States by foreign
air carriers and conducts surveillance of foreign air carriers under 14 CFR part
i. Special Administrative Region (SAR). A location, which is
not a contracting state, with its own Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP),
that can receive the same accreditation status as an ICAO Member State. An example
of a SAR location is Hong Kong under their association with China.
j. OpSpec/MSpec/LOA. OpSpecs/MSpecs/LOAs are approvals issued
to persons operating aircraft that specify the authorizations, limitations,
and certain procedures under which those persons must conduct each type of operation
and under which they must operate each class and size of aircraft. OpSpecs/MSpecs/LOAs
issued to certificate holders/operators will reference FTIP authorizations for
the particular type of operation, e.g., OpSpecs C059/CAT II. The POI may issue
a separate OpSpec for specific airports with restricted procedures. (See Paragraph 10.)
8. Review and Authorization of Non-Precision, Approaches with
Vertical Guidance (APV), and Precision, CAT I ILS FTIP by ICAO Member States.
The certificate holder/operator has the ultimate responsibility to ensure FTIPs
they use meet approved criteria requirements. The certificate holder may use
the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC)
120-105, Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedure (FTIP) Acceptance/Review
Process, or equivalent to assist in the evaluation of non-precision, APV, and
precision instrument procedures at civil airfields contained in the AIPs of
ICAO Member States. Certificate holders OpSpecs will not list these procedures
individually. Paragraphs 11 and 15 cover the approval of CAT II/III and Required
Navigation Performance (RNP) Authorization Required (AR) procedures respectively,
and will be authorized by airport in the certificate holders OpSpecs/MSpecs/LOAs.
If the FSDO/CMO/CMU/CMT, the certificate holder or any other source detects
discrepancies in the application of criteria, it must notify the controlling
region NextGen Branch as soon as possible. When the controlling region NextGen
Branch becomes aware of a safety of flight problem, they will notify AFS Flight
Procedure Implementation and Oversight Branch (AFS-460). AFS-460 with the assistance
of other LOBs will fully evaluate the FTIP, using all available data. The controlling
region NextGen Branch in consultation with AFS-400 will make a determination
whether or not to permit continued use of the FTIP by U.S. certificate holders.
The NextGen Branch should first accomplish coordination with the POI(s) if there
are special concerns or conditions that require certificate holder/operator
input, informational bulletins, etc. If the NextGen Branch determines that any
ICAO member state’s procedure(s) should not be authorized for use or a special
restriction applied, they must perform notifications in accordance with paragraph
Note: The existence of a commercially produced chart is not an assurance
of compliance with criteria or suitability for use by an individual certificate
9. Review and Authorization of FTIP Developed by Non-ICAO Member States.
The certificate holder/operator must review an FTIP developed by non-ICAO
member states and submit it through their POI to the certificate holder region
NextGen Branch for review and recommendation. If the certificate-holding region
is not the controlling region responsible for that FTIP, the certificate holding
NextGen Branch will contact the controlling region NextGen Branch and provide
them with all necessary information to evaluate the FTIP. The controlling region
NextGen Branch may request the technical assistance of AFS-400. Areas for review
are located in AC
120-105. If the POI finds it necessary to deny the use or issue a special
restriction on a FTIP, he/she will issue OpSpec/MSpec/LOA C058, Special Restrictions
for Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures.
Note: The existence of a commercially produced chart is not an assurance
of compliance with criteria or suitability for use by an individual certificate
10. FTIP Deviations from Criteria. Even though a country is an
ICAO Member State, it may not fully comply with all ICAO technical manuals.
ICAO, Annex 15, directs ICAO member states to identify in their AIP all exceptions
to ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). The absence of an exception
in a state’s AIP does not always indicate the state is fully compliant with
ICAO standards. If the certificate holder or any other source detects or receives
information of discrepancies in the application of criteria that are not already
advertised in the international Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) system, the certificate
holder must notify the POI, and he/she will then contact the controlling region
NextGen Branch. The controlling region NextGen Branch must coordinate with other
LOBs as necessary to assure the following action:
a. Evaluation of Alleged Discrepancies/Deviations. With the assistance of AFS-400 as necessary,
evaluate the alleged discrepancy or deviation with all available data and determine what procedural
restrictions or special provisions (if any) are necessary to achieve an equivalent level of safety (ELOS)
or to comply with criteria. Examples of restrictions to achieve an ELOS include increasing minima, publishing
a missed approach climb gradient, or publishing airspeed restrictions. Making procedural changes to the FTIP
like mandatory altitude changes or segment length changes are not possible without the host nation concurrence.
The controlling region NextGen Branch must contact the International Programs and Policy Division (AFS-50) who
will use appropriate diplomatic channels to notify the host nation Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of the discrepancy
and corrective action. AFS-50 must inform the controlling region NextGen branch if the host nation takes the appropriate
corrective action to achieve an ELOS or to comply with criteria.
b. Notification Procedure. If the host nation does not correct
the discrepancy or deviation, the controlling region NextGen Branch must notify
all stakeholders of the discrepancy and any applicable restrictions. The notification
procedure is as follows: http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs400/afs410/ftip/.
(1) The controlling region in coordination with Flight Operations Branch
(AFS-410) will draft and send a broadcast email to all applicable AFS personnel. The broadcast email must
include the name and identifier of the airport, the discrepancy or deviation
with criteria, and the restrictions necessary to achieve an ELOS. POIs will
ensure that their certificate holder/operator receives information of the contents
of the email. The email notification must also include a reference to the AFS-410
Web site where AFS-410 will maintain current procedural restrictions
(2) Notify commercial charting service providers (Jeppesen and Lido) of the
discrepancy and applicable restrictions.
(3) The POI will issue OpSpec/MSpec/LOA C058, if it is necessary to place
a restriction on a certificate holder/operator’s use of an FTIP.
Note: If procedural restrictions are not practical, or if an ELOS
(in accordance with criteria) are not obtainable through restrictions or special
provisions such as aircrew training, the controlling region NextGen Branch must
use the previous notification procedure to inform stakeholders that the FTIP
is not authorized by for use by U.S. certificate holders. In these cases, the
controlling region NextGen Branch will specifically state in the email notification
the reasons why the procedure does not meet U.S. or ICAO criteria and why ELOS
are not obtainable through restrictions or special provisions. The POI will
issue OpSpec/LOA C058, if it is necessary to deny a certificate holder’s use
of an FTIP.
(4) The POI will ensure that the certificate holder/operator is conducting
periodic reviews of all FTIP’s that they fly with procedural restrictions. The
certificate holder/operator should initiate a review at any time they discover
or suspect additional discrepancies with criteria or if there have been any
procedural changes to the FTIP. The certificate holder/operator may contact
their POI if they have questions or to request assistance with a review.
11. CAT II/III FTIP Approval. AFS-410 will list the CAT II and III
authorizations on the “Foreign Facilities Approved for Category II and Category
III Operations” Web site:
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs400/afs410/status_lists/media/Foreign_CAT_II_III_Pub.xls. If a certificate holder requests approval for a CAT II/III FTIP that the AFS-410
Web site does not list, the following process applies:
a. Document Support Request. The POI forwards the request with
supporting documentation to the controlling region NextGen Branch.
b. Foreign CAT II/III Operations Evaluation. The controlling
region NextGen Branch evaluates foreign CAT II and III operations through available
host nation data. A sample checklist is included in Appendix A.
c. CAT II/ III Operations Authorization. If CAT II or III operations
are authorized, the controlling region NextGen Branch will notify the certificate
holder and provide AFS-410 information that includes the airport name/location,
ICAO identifier, runway number, and effective date.
e. Monitoring the Status. Once CAT II and III operations are
authorized, the certificate holder must monitor the status during routine operations
to determine if there have been any significant changes to the procedure not
posted in a host nation international NOTAM.
12. FTIP Development by the Certificate Holder. Certificate holders are not authorized to develop a FTIP
based on conventional Navigational Aids (NAVAID). Paragraph 15 covers RNP
AR instrument procedure development to include a proponent developed special
13. Aviation System Standards FTIP and Flight Inspection Services.
Missions Support Services, Aeronautical Products (AJV-3), may perform FTIP development
and flight inspection services under a reimbursable agreement with the host
nation. The host nation must contact the FAA Office of International Aviation
(AIA-1), to determine the level of support available and the financial arrangements.
AJV-3 offers the following services:
· FTIP development, design, and maintenance in accordance with Order
· Assistance to the POI through the controlling region NextGen Branch
as a technical source providing guidance and interpretation of TERPS criteria
Note: Technical Operations, Aviation System Standards (AJW-3) may
perform flight inspection services under a reimbursable agreement with the host
nation. Flight Inspection Services, which include initial commissioning of the
procedure and periodic flight inspections as required by the host nation or
in the current edition of FAA Order 8200.1, United States Standard Flight Inspection Manual.
14. Surveillance and Feedback. The certificate holder, ASIs, and
AFS personnel making in-flight observations during operations into foreign airports
used by U.S. certificate holders/operators are in a position to observe the
airport’s approach and departure environment. They can provide feedback for
deviations from safe operating procedures. Additionally, when the certificate holder detects or receives
information of discrepancies affecting safe use of an FTIP, it must take immediate
steps to mitigate any safety of flight issues, and it must notify the POI. The POI will contact the controlling region NextGen Branch to initiate a
15. RNP AR Instrument Procedures. Prior to issuance to an certificate
holder/operator, AFS-400 must review and approve all RNP AR FTIPs.
See the current edition of AC
90-101, Approval Guidance for RNP Procedures with AR, for additional
information. Performance Based Flight System Branch (AFS-470) maintains a list
of approved RNP AR approaches at
16. Directive Feedback. Direct questions or comments to AFS-400 at
202-385-4586. For your convenience, FAA Form 1320-19, Directive Feedback Information,
is the last page of this order. Note any deficiencies found, clarifications
needed, or suggested improvements regarding the contents of this order on FAA
ORIGINAL SIGNED by
/s/ John S. Duncan for
John M. Allen
Director, Flight Standards Service
Facility Checklist for Category II/III
(For Non-U.S. Facilities)
(ICAO ID): ____________ COUNTRY: ___________ DATE: __________
Length: __________ Width: Airport
(deg): _______ Runway TCH: _________ RVR (Y/N): ______ TDZ: _______
________ Rollout: __________ Lowest Minima/Source: __________
Carrier Intends to Use/Source: _________
type aircraft currently operate (Y/N): ____________
Limitations (if any): _________________________________________________
(Minimum is ALSF-2 or Equivalent): _________________________________
Runway Centerline: ___________ HIRL: _______
PAPI ANGLE: _____________
Taxiway Centerline: _____________ Stopbars: _____________
Taxi Chart Provided: _________________
_______ Taxiway: _________ ILS Sensitive Area: ____________
FREQUENCY ASSOCIATED WITH APPROACH:
ILS: ________ NDB: _______ VTAC: _______ ILS DME
Category: ________ Where Monitored: ____________
Monitoring (Y/N): _____________
Facility Checklist for Category II/III
(For Non-U.S. Facilities) (Continued)
CLEARANCE ASSESSMENT COMPLETION DATE:
by certificate holder (Y/N): ______________ Criteria used: __________________
Irregular terrain a factor (Y/N): ________
CONTRACTING STATE (Y/N): ___ Notification of Differences Filed (Y/N): __
SOURCE POINT OF CONTACT: _____________________________________
CONDITIONS SOURCE POINT OF/CONTACT: _________________________
IN ENGLISH (Y/N): _____________________________
OF LATEST REVISION: ___________________
If AIP not in English, we require an English translation, along with the AIP
in the language of the country of origin.
WHAT PROCEDURE(S) ARE REQUESTED: ________________________
copies of each CAT II/III procedure requested in native language and English.
procedure has been developed in accordance with:
8260.3B (TERPS): ___ ICAO PANS OPS Doc. 8168-OPS/611, Vol. 11:___
Accepted by FAA: ______________ Indicate criteria: _____________
reviewed in accordance with ICAO Manual of All Weather Operations, as revised
(DOC 9365/AN910, chapters 3, 5, and 6: ____________________
FOR THE AIR CARRIER (REQUIRED):
FAA Form 1320-19, Directive Feedback
Please submit any written comments or recommendations for improving
this directive, or suggest new items or subjects to be added to it. Also, if
you find an error, please tell us about it.
Subject: Order 8260.31C, Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures (FTIP)
To: Directive Management Officer, _________________________________
(Please check all appropriate line items)
An error (procedural or typographical) has been noted in paragraph
page _________ .
Recommend paragraph _______ on page ___________ be changed as
follows: (attach separate sheet if necessary)
In a future change to this
directive, please include coverage on the following subject (briefly describe
what you want added):
I would like to discuss the above. Please contact me.
Submitted by: ____________________________________________ Date:
FTS Telephone Number: _______________________ Routing Symbol:
FAA Form 1320-19 (8-89)