CHANGE

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ORDER 8900.2 CHG 2

 

 

National Policy

Effective Date: 7/24/13

 

SUBJ:

General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook

1.    Purpose of This Order. This change transmits new and revised portions of the order.

2.    Audience. The primary audience for this order is Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) aviation safety inspectors (ASI). The secondary audience includes Flight Standards branches and divisions in the regions and in headquarters.

3.    Where You Can Find This Order. This change may be accessed by Flight Standards personnel through the Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) at http://fsims.avs.faa.gov. Operators and the public can find this order at http://fsims.faa.gov.

4.    Explanation of Policy Changes. This change incorporates new information as follows:

·    Incorporates information in accordance with the publication of the Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations Final Rule.

·    Updates the guidance to designees on procedures for conducting certificate holder oral and practical tests and issuing Temporary Airman Certificates.

·    For the items listed below, the information has been updated in FAA Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) as a result of this rulemaking project. The corresponding information in this order has been removed and now points to Order 8900.1 for guidance. Some figures have been removed. A few additional notes were added concerning knowledge test validity and the inability to use Integrated Airman Certification and/or Rating Application (IACRA) for the restricted privileges Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certificate.

·    Verification of an Applicant’s Identity.

·    Illegal Substance Conviction.

·    Completion of FAA Form 8710-1.

·    Conduct an ATP Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the ATP Certification Level.

·    Procedures for Issuing a Second-in-Command (SIC) Pilot Type Rating.

5.    Disposition of Transmittal Paragraph. This change will remain in FSIMS until superseded by a revision to this order.

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ORIGINAL SIGNED by

/s/ Michael Zenkovich for

 

John M. Allen

Director, Flight Standards Service


FAA logo

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

National Policy

ORDER

8900.2

 

 

Effective Date:

8/16/10

SUBJ:

General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook

FOREWORD

1.    In 2006, Aviation Safety (AVS) published Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order VS 1100.2, Managing AVS Delegation Programs, current edition, which provided direction for the management and oversight of AVS delegation programs, including Flight Standards Service (AFS) designees. During the next 2 years, the AVS Delegation Steering Group, which includes representation from AFS, identified important goals including the integration of AFS designee policy. An AFS working group, including policy holders for each general aviation airman designee type, was formed to work on this consolidated order. This order contains integrated procedures for the selection, appointment, oversight, training, renewal, termination, and appeal of AFS general aviation airman designees in accordance with Order VS 1100.2.

2.    This order contains procedures for authorized general aviation airman designees and inspectors to conduct certificate holder oral and practical tests and issue temporary airman certificates.

3.    When differences in guidance appear between this order and FAA Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Volume 13, Flight Standards Designees, current edition, use the document with the most current revision date. This order also applies to all aviation safety inspectors (ASI) (referred to in this order as ASIs or inspectors) who review and approve airman application and testing files for general aviation airman designees.

Table of Contents

Paragraph                                                                                                                                         Page

Chapter 1. General Information

1.     Purpose of This Order .......................................................................................................... 1‑1

2.     Audience .............................................................................................................................. 1‑1

3.     Where You Can Find This Order .......................................................................................... 1‑1

4.     What This Order Cancels ...................................................................................................... 1‑1

5.     Explanation of Policy Changes ............................................................................................... 1‑2

6.     Delegation/Rescission of a Designee Authorization ................................................................. 1‑2

7.     Role of the Designee ............................................................................................................. 1‑2

8.     Definitions ............................................................................................................................. 1‑2

Chapter 2. Selection and Appointment

1.     Selection................................................................................................................................. 2-1

2.     Appointment........................................................................................................................... 2-3

3.     General Eligibility Requirements .............................................................................................. 2‑4

Chapter 3. Oversight, Training, and Renewal

1.      Oversight............................................................................................................................... 3-1

2.      Initial Training Seminar............................................................................................................ 3-1

3.      Orientation............................................................................................................................. 3-1

4.      Recurrent Training.................................................................................................................. 3-2

5.      Expiration............................................................................................................................... 3-2

6.      Renewal................................................................................................................................. 3-3

7.      Knowledge and Skill ............................................................................................................. 3‑4

Chapter 4. Termination and Appeal

1.       Termination........................................................................................................................... 4-1

2.       Types of Termination............................................................................................................. 4-1

3.       Termination Letter................................................................................................................. 4-1

4.       Appeal ................................................................................................................................. 4‑1

Chapter 5. Privileges, Limitations, and Responsibilities

1.       Privileges............................................................................................................................... 5-1

2.       Limitations............................................................................................................................. 5-2

3.       Responsibilities ..................................................................................................................... 5‑3

Chapter 6. Technical Personnel Examiner Program

Section 1.     General

1.        Additional Requirements for Appointment............................................................................. 6-1

2.        Aviation Mechanic Tests....................................................................................................... 6-2

3.        Parachute Rigger Tests......................................................................................................... 6-2

4.        FAA Certification Policy....................................................................................................... 6-3

Indicates new/changed information.

5.        Limitations............................................................................................................................ 6-3

6.        Designations Issued............................................................................................................... 6-3

Indicates new/changed information.

7.        Designee Materials............................................................................................................... 6-4

8.        Security ............................................................................................................................... 6‑4

Section 2.     Conducting and Grading Tests

9.       Preparation........................................................................................................................... 6-5

Indicates new/changed information.

10.     Applicant Eligibility ............................................................................................................... 6‑9

11.     Evaluating Applicant Performance........................................................................................ 6-12

Indicates new/changed information.

12.     Conducting the Tests........................................................................................................... 6-14

13.     Test Planning Sheets are Required for Each Oral and Practical Test Given............................ 6-16

Indicates new/changed information.

14.     Recording the Results of Tests............................................................................................. 6-17

15.     When the Applicant Passes.................................................................................................. 6-17

16.     Applicants Under 18 Years of Age...................................................................................... 6-19

17.     When the Applicant Fails..................................................................................................... 6-20

18.     Disposition of Files.............................................................................................................. 6-21

19.     Issuance of FAA Form 8060-4 by a TPE When Oral and Practical Tests are Not

          Administered....................................................................................................................... 6‑22

20.     Reconstruction of a Lost Certification File ........................................................................... 6‑23

 

Chapter 7. Designated Pilot Examiner Program

Section 1.     General

1.        Additional Qualifications...................................................................................................... 7-1

Indicates new/changed information.

2.        Specific Eligibility Requirements........................................................................................... 7-3

3.        Types of Designation........................................................................................................... 7-9

4.        Practical Test...................................................................................................................... 7-11

5.        Additional Designations....................................................................................................... 7-11

6.        Examiner COA Letters ...................................................................................................... 7‑12

Section 2.     Conduct Practical Test/Certification Functions

7.       General............................................................................................................................... 7-15

Indicates new/changed information.

8.       Testing Applicants Trained by the Examiner......................................................................... 7-19

9.       Examiner Limitations........................................................................................................... 7-19

10.     Status of Examiners During Practical Tests........................................................................... 7-20

11.     Carriage of Passengers During Practical Tests...................................................................... 7-23

12.     Aircraft Used for Practical Tests.......................................................................................... 7-23

13.     Aircraft Equipment.............................................................................................................. 7-26

Indicates new/changed information.

14.     Flight Simulators, Flight Training Devices, and Personal Computer-Based Aviation Training

          Devices ..............................................................................................................................7-26

15.     Engine Shutdown on Multiengine Airplanes During the Practical Test................................... 7-27

16.     Structure of the Practical Test............................................................................................. 7-27

17.     Practical Test Discontinuance............................................................................................. 7-29

Indicates new/changed information.

18.     Repeating Maneuvers on Practical Tests............................................................................. 7-29

19.     Practical Test Briefings....................................................................................................... 7-30

20.     Segmented Practical Tests (Planned).................................................................................. 7-30

Indicates new/changed information.

21.     Retest in Event of Failure.................................................................................................... 7-31

22.     Accidents and Incidents During Practical Tests.................................................................... 7-31

23.     Practical Test Standards .................................................................................................... 7-31

24.     Prerequisites for Practical Tests.......................................................................................... 7-32

25.     Verification of an Applicant’s Identity................................................................................. 7-36

Indicates new/changed information.

26.     Illegal Substance Conviction............................................................................................... 7-36

27.     Completion of FAA Form 8710‑1 ..................................................................................... 7-37

28.     Preparation of the Certification File..................................................................................... 7-37

29.     Review of an Examiner’s Decision...................................................................................... 7-38

30.     Issuance of FAA Form 8060-4 ......................................................................................... 7‑38

31.     Limitations......................................................................................................................... 7-39

32.     Issuance of FAA Form 8060-5.......................................................................................... 7-41

33.     Part 141 Stage Checks...................................................................................................... 7-41

34.     Blue Seal Certificates......................................................................................................... 7-42

35.     Flight and Duty Time as a DPE........................................................................................... 7-42

36.     Procedures ....................................................................................................................... 7‑42

Section 3.     Issue a Student Pilot Certificate

37.     General............................................................................................................................. 7-47

38.     Nonrenewable................................................................................................................... 7-47

39.     Procedures ....................................................................................................................... 7‑48

Section 4.     Special Emphasis Items

40.     Special Emphasis Items...................................................................................................... 7-50

41.     Dangers Associated with Simulation of Power Failure in Single-Engine Airplanes by the

          Interruption of Fuel Flow.................................................................................................... 7-50

42.     Pilot External Vigilance (Scan Program).............................................................................. 7-51

43.     Accurate Position Reporting and Collision Avoidance.......................................................... 7-51

44.     Instrument Flying Skills—Partial Panel ............................................................................... 7‑52

Section 5.     Flight Reviews and Competency Checks

45.     Flight Reviews and Competency Checks............................................................................ 7-52

46.     Examiner or Inspector Participation.................................................................................... 7-53

47.     Application for a Flight Review or Competency Check....................................................... 7-53

48.     Combining Flight Reviews and Competency Checks........................................................... 7-53

49.     Evaluating the Flight Review............................................................................................... 7-53

50.     Length of Review............................................................................................................... 7-53

51.     Logbook Endorsements..................................................................................................... 7-54

52.     Recent Instrument Experience, §  61.57 ............................................................................ 7-54

53.     High Performance Airplane Check, §  61.31(f) .................................................................. 7-55

54.     Complex Airplane Check, §  61.31(e) ............................................................................... 7-55

55.     Self-Launching or Powered Sailplane Flight Checks............................................................ 7-56

56.     Night Vision Goggles (NVG) Training, Endorsement, and Qualification for Pilots and

          Flight Instructors................................................................................................................. 7‑56

Section 6.     Conduct a Recreational Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class

                    Ratings at the Recreational Pilot Certification Level

57.     General.............................................................................................................................. 7-59

58.     Additional Category and Class Ratings................................................................................ 7-61

59.     Upgrading to a Private Pilot Certificate................................................................................ 7-61

60.     Procedures ........................................................................................................................ 7‑61

Section 7.     Conduct a Sport Pilot Certification

61.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-66

62.     Procedures ........................................................................................................................ 7‑67

Section 8.     Conduct a Private Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings

                     at the Private Pilot Certification Level

63.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-70

64.     Eligibility Requirements........................................................................................................ 7-70

65.     Limitations........................................................................................................................... 7-72

66.     Categories and Classes........................................................................................................ 7-73

67.     Recreational Pilot Upgrades ................................................................................................ 7‑73

Section 9.     Conduct a Commercial Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class

                     Ratings at the Commercial Pilot Certification Level

68.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-74

69.     Eligibility Requirements........................................................................................................ 7-74

70.     Categories and Classes........................................................................................................ 7-76

71.     Instructor Privileges in Lighter-Than-Air Aircraft................................................................... 7-77

72.     Complex Airplane Requirements.......................................................................................... 7-77

73.     Procedures ......................................................................................................................... 7‑77

Section 10.   Conduct an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certification, Including Additional

                    Category/Class Ratings at the ATP Certification Level

74.       General............................................................................................................................. 7-82

Section 11.   Conduct an Instrument Rating Certification

75.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-82

76.     Eligibility Requirements........................................................................................................ 7-83

77.     Types of Instrument Ratings Issued...................................................................................... 7-84

78.     Flight Controls.................................................................................................................... 7-84

79.     Use of Nonapproved Instrument Approach Procedures....................................................... 7-84

80.     Limitations.......................................................................................................................... 7-84

81.     Procedures ........................................................................................................................ 7‑85

Section 12. Conduct a Pilot Type Rating Certification

82.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-89

83.     Pilot Type Rating That May be Performed as Either a Single Pilot or With an SIC................ 7-91

84.     Procedures ....................................................................................................................... 7-102

Section 13. Procedure for Issuing a Second-in-Command Pilot Type Rating

85.     General............................................................................................................................. 7-105

Section 14. Conduct a Private Pilot Certification for Weight Shift Control and Powered Parachute,

                   Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the Private Pilot Certification Level

86.     General.............................................................................................................................. 7-106

87.     Eligibility Requirements....................................................................................................... 7-106

88.     Limitations......................................................................................................................... 7-108

89.     Categories and Classes...................................................................................................... 7-109

90.     Procedures ....................................................................................................................... 7-109

Section 15. Conduct a Flight Instructor with a Sport Pilot Rating Practical Test for an Initial,

                   Renewal, or Reinstatement

91.     General.............................................................................................................................. 7-113

92.     General Procedures Initial Certification............................................................................... 7-113

93.     General Procedures for Renewal or Reinstatement.............................................................. 7-115

94.     Denial of Renewal or Reinstatement.................................................................................... 7-116

95.     Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificates ............................................................................... 7-116

96.     Category and Class Privileges for a Flight Instructor Certificate with a Sport Pilot Rating...... 7-116

97.     Procedures ........................................................................................................................ 7-117

Section 16. Conduct a Flight Instructor Practical Test for an Initial, Renewal, Reinstatement

                  Certification, or an Additional Category/Class Rating to a Flight Instructor Certificate

98.     General............................................................................................................................... 7-121

99.     Knowledge Test................................................................................................................. 7-122

100.   Practical Test...................................................................................................................... 7-123

101.   Eligibility Requirements........................................................................................................ 7-123

102.   General Procedures for Renewal or Reinstatement............................................................... 7-126

103.   Denial of Renewal or Reinstatement..................................................................................... 7-126

104.   Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificates................................................................................. 7-126

105.   Category, Class, and Instrument Ratings Placed on a Flight Instructor Certificate.................. 7-127

106.   Limitations.......................................................................................................................... 7-128

107.   Procedures ........................................................................................................................ 7-128

Section 17. Conduct Pilot Proficiency Checks as a Pilot Proficiency Examiner

108.   General............................................................................................................................... 7-133

109.   Limitations.......................................................................................................................... 7-133

110.   Experience Requirements for Designation as a PPE.............................................................. 7-133

111.   Practical Test...................................................................................................................... 7-134

112.   COA Letter........................................................................................................................ 7-134

113.   Additional Designations....................................................................................................... 7-135

114.   PIC Proficiency Check Procedures..................................................................................... 7-135

115.   Proficiency Check Records ................................................................................................ 7-135

Section 18. Accomplish Designation/Issue Certificates as an ACR, Limited to Examining Authority

                  under Part 141

116.   General............................................................................................................................... 7-136

117.   Selection of ACRs............................................................................................................... 7-136

118.   Certification of Graduates ................................................................................................... 7-137

Section 19. Accomplish Designation/Issue Certificates as an ACR Employed Solely by a FIRC

                  Sponsor

119.   General............................................................................................................................... 7-138

120.   Selection of ACRs............................................................................................................... 7-138

121.   Flight Instructor Certificate and Ratings Issued on the Basis of Military Competence by an

          MCE and MC/FPE.............................................................................................................. 7-140

122.   Certification of Graduates .................................................................................................... 7-142

Section 20. Accomplish Designation/Conduct Functions as an MCE, FPE, MC/FPE, GIE,

                  and FIRE

123.   Background......................................................................................................................... 7-143

124.   General Information for MCE, FPE, and MC/FPE Designations............................................ 7-144

125.   Issuance of a U.S. Private Pilot Certificate and Ratings Based on Foreign Pilot Licenses......... 7-146

126.   Pilot Certificates and Ratings Issued on the Basis of Military Competence by an MCE and

          MC/FPE.............................................................................................................................. 7-148

127.   Compliance with Other Provisions......................................................................................... 7-149

128.   Designation of an FIRE......................................................................................................... 7-149

129.   Designation of a GIE ............................................................................................................ 7-150

Section 21. Accomplish Issuance of a U.S. Pilot Certificate Based on a Foreign-Pilot

                   License

130.   General Information............................................................................................................... 7-151

131.   Procedures ........................................................................................................................... 7-165

Section 22. IACRA Process

132.   General.................................................................................................................................. 7-169

133.   Procedures ........................................................................................................................... 7-170

Chapter 8. Administrative Information

1.       Distribution................................................................................................................................ 8-1

2.       Deviations................................................................................................................................. 8-1

3.       Suggestions or Comments ......................................................................................................... 8‑1

Appendix A. Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................... A‑1

Indicates new/changed information.

Appendix B. Practical Test Standards Judgment Assessment Matrices ...................................................... B‑1

Appendix C. Directive Feedback Information .......................................................................................... C‑1

List of Figures

Figure                                                                                                                                                    Page

6‑1.    Instructions for Completing FAA Form 8610‑2 , Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application 6‑24

1.     Procedures for Completing FAA Form 8610‑2 .................................................................... 6‑24

2.     Privacy Act ......................................................................................................................... 6‑25

3.     Complete the Top Section ................................................................................................... 6‑25

4.     Block I—Applicant Information ........................................................................................... 6‑26

5.     Block II—Certificate or Rating Applied for on Basis of — ................................................... 6‑29

6.     Block III—Record of Experience. ....................................................................................... 6‑32

7.     Block IV—Applicant’s Certification .................................................................................... 6‑34

8.     Block V—I Find This Applicant Meets the Experience Requirements of
  14 CFR Part 65 and is Eligible to Take the Required Tests
................................................... 6‑35

9.     For FAA Use Only. ............................................................................................................ 6‑36

10.   Results of Oral and Practical Tests ....................................................................................... 6‑36

11.   Designated Examiner’s Report ............................................................................................. 6‑37

12.   Applicant’s Certification ....................................................................................................... 6‑37

13.   FAA Inspector’s Report. ..................................................................................................... 6‑38

6-2A. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application ................................................. 6‑39

6-2B.  FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application ................................................ 6‑40

6-2C. Attachment for FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating
Application.
................................................................................................................................. 6‑41

6-2D. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application. ................................................ 6‑42

6-2E.  FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application ................................................. 6‑43

6-2F.  FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑44

6-2G. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑45

6-2H. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑46

6-2I.   FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑47

6-2J.   FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑48

6-2K. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side).
............................................................................................................................ 6‑49

6-2L.  FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate ....................................................................... 6‑50

6-2M. FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate. ...................................................................... 6‑51

6-2N. Example Statement of Additional Instructions. ............................................................................... 6‑52

6-2O. Airman Computer Test Report for Aviation Mechanic Airframe (AMA). ....................................... 6‑53

6-3A. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side) .............................. 6‑54

6-3B. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side) .............................. 6‑55

6-3C. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side)
............................................................................................................................. 6‑56

6-3D. FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

          (Reverse Side) .............................................................................................................................. 6‑57

6-3E.  FAA Form 8610‑2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
(Reverse Side)
............................................................................................................................ 6‑58

6-3F.  Example Statement of Additional Instruction ................................................................................ 6‑59

6-3G. Airman Computer Test for Parachute Rigger. ............................................................................... 6‑60

6-3H. FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate. ..................................................................... 6‑61

6-3I.  FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate ...................................................................... 6‑62

6-3J.  FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate ...................................................................... 6‑63

6-4A. Airframe and Powerplant Mechanical Oral and Practical Planning Sheet
(Front Side).
............................................................................................................................... 6‑64

6-4B.  Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic Oral and Practical Planning Sheet
(Reverse Side).
........................................................................................................................... 6‑65

6-4C. Parachute Rigger Oral/Practical Test Planning Sheet. .................................................................... 6‑66

7‑1.    Specific Eligibility Requirements for Sport Pilot Examiners ............................................................. 7‑4

7‑2.    Specific Eligibility Requirements for Pilot Examiner Designees. ....................................................... 7‑6

7‑3.    Specific Eligibility Requirements for Commercial Pilot Examiner Designees ..................................... 7‑7

7‑4.    Specific Eligibility Requirements for Commercial and Instrument Rating
Examiner and Airline Transport Pilot Examiner Designees.
............................................................. 7‑8

7‑5.    Vintage Airplane Groups ............................................................................................................. 7‑14

Indicates new/changed information.

7‑6.    ICAO Level 4 English Language Proficiency Criteria. ................................................................. 7-171

7‑7.    Sample FAA Form 8410‑1, Airman Proficiency/Qualification Check ......................................... 7-172

7-8A. Pilot Examiner Test Guide (First Page) ........................................................................................ 7-173

7-8B.  Pilot Examiner Test Guide (Second Page) .................................................................................. 7-175

7-8C. Sport Pilot Examiner Test Guide (First Page) .............................................................................. 7-176

7-8D. Sport Pilot Examiner Test Guide (Second Page) ......................................................................... 7-177

7-8E.  Sport Pilot Examiner Test Guide (Third Page) ............................................................................ 7-178

7-8F.  Sport Pilot Examiner Test Guide (Fourth Page) .......................................................................... 7-179

7-8G. Sport Pilot Examiner Test Guide (Fifth Page) .............................................................................. 7-180

7-9A. Sample Letter of Discontinuance (Pilot) ...................................................................................... 7-181

7-9B.  Sample Letter of Discontinuance (Sport Pilot). ........................................................................... 7-182

7-10.  Sample Computer Test Report (Pilot). ........................................................................................ 7-183

7-10A. Sample of Computer Test Report (Sport Pilot). ......................................................................... 7-184

7-11.  Letter from Part 141 School with Knowledge Test Examining Authority ...................................... 7-185

7-12.  Sample of FAA Form 8710‑11, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application—
Sport Pilot (Front Side)
............................................................................................................. 7-186

7-12A. Sample of FAA Form 8710‑11, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application—
Sport Pilot (Reverse Side).
...................................................................................................... 7-187

7-13.  Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (Pilot) ............................................. 7-188

7-13A. Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (Sport Pilot). ................................. 7-189

7-14.  Center Thrust Limitation. ........................................................................................................... 7-190

7-15.  Sample FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application (Pilot) ................................... 7-191

7-15A. Sample FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application (Sport Pilot) ........................ 7-192

7-16.   Sample Application for a Part 141 Stage Check. ...................................................................... 7-193

7-17.   Sample FAA Form 8420-2, Medical Certificate____ Class and Student
 Pilot Certificate
....................................................................................................................... .7-194

7-18.   Sample Student Pilot Certificate ............................................................................................... 7-195

7-19.   Sample Recreational Pilot Certificate ........................................................................................ 7-196

7-20.   Sample Private Pilot Certificate with Recreational Pilot Category Privileges ............................... 7-197

7-21.   Sample Commercial Pilot Certificate. ....................................................................................... 7-198

7-22.   Sample ATP Certificate with Instrument Privileges Shown. ....................................................... 7-199

7-23.   Sample Second-in-Command Limitation. ................................................................................. 7-200

7-24.   Sample Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificate (Pilot). ............................................................... 7-201

7-24A. Sample Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificate with a Sport Pilot Rating. ................................... 7-202

7-25.   Verification of Authenticity Form and Instructions ..................................................................... 7-203

 

Chapter 1.    General Information

1.    Purpose of This Order. This order provides policy and mandatory standardized procedures for those who administer all aviation mechanic, parachute rigger, or pilot oral and practical tests and issue temporary airman certificates. This order does not apply to check airmen/check pilots and Aircrew Designated Examiners (ADE) serving in programs approved under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91 subpart K, 121, 125, and 135. It also does not apply to Training Center Evaluators (TCE) who serve at training centers certificated under 14 CFR part 142. Compliance with these standardized procedures ensures that airman applicants meet a satisfactory level of competence and workmanship required for certification. This order does not relieve Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) personnel from instructing and guiding designees.

a.    General Aviation Airman Designees. This order includes FAA policy emphasizing the general aviation airman designee’s (referred to in this order as designee or examiner) knowledge of oral and practical tests, as well as the administration of airman knowledge tests; it also concerns the administration of such tests and the issuance of airman certificates. For the purposes of this order, designee refers to Technical Personnel Examiners (TPE) and Designated Pilot Examiners (DPE). TPE will refer only to Designated Mechanic Examiners (DME) and Designated Parachute Rigger Examiners (DPRE). DPE will refer only to Private Pilot Examiners (PE), Commercial and Instrument Rating Examiners (CIRE), Commercial Pilot Examiners (CE), Airline Transport Pilot Examiners (ATPE), Flight Instructor Examiners (FIE), National Designated Pilot Examiner and Flight Engineer Examiners (NDPE/FEE), Sport Pilot Examiners (SPE), and Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Examiners (SFIE), and Pilot Proficiency Examiners (PPE), as well as pilot examiners with administrative privileges only including Airman Certification Representatives (ACR), Flight Instructor Renewal Examiners (FIRE), Foreign Pilot Examiners (FPE), Ground Instructor Examiners (GIE), Military Competency Examiners (MCE), and Military Competency/Foreign Pilot Examiners (MC/FPE).

b.    Guidance Questions. While the Flight Standards Service (AFS) Regulatory Support Division (AFS-600) coordinated this consolidated handbook, questions regarding the specific guidance relating to each type of designee should be directed to the policy division that owns the policy for that type of designee. Please refer to the chart below for any questions:

Designee Type

Policy Holder

TPE

AFS-300

DPE

AFS-810 or AFS-610 (SPE/SFIE)

2.    Audience. The primary audience is designees responsible for administering oral and practical tests and issuing temporary airman certificates.

3.    Where You Can Find This Order. Designees and inspectors can access this order through the Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) at http://fsims.avs.faa.gov.

4.    What This Order Cancels. This order cancels FAA Order 8610.12, Technical Personnel Examiner Handbook, dated July 14, 2008; FAA Order 8710.3E (and FAA Order 8710.3E CHG 1), Designated Pilot and Flight Engineer Examiner’s Handbook, dated April 21, 2006; and FAA Order 8710.7, Sport Pilot Examiner’s Handbook, dated October 14, 2004.

Indicates new/changed information.

5.    Explanation of Policy Changes. This change incorporates information updated in accordance with the publication of the Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations final rule. These changes include the following:

a.    Verification of an Applicant’s Identity. This change refers designees to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the verification of an applicant’s identity.

b.    Illegal Substance Conviction. This change refers designees to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the completion of FAA Form 8710-1.

c.    Completion of FAA Form 8710-1. This change refers designees to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the completion of FAA Form 8710-1.

d.    Conduct an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the ATP Certification Level. This change refers designees to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 18 for tasks associated with conducting an ATP certification, including additional category/class ratings at the ATP certificate level.

e.    Procedures for Issuing a Second-in-Command (SIC) Pilot Type Rating. This change refers designees to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5 for completing the certification function.

6.    Delegation/Rescission of a Designee Authorization. Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.) § 44702 empowers the FAA Administrator to delegate to private individuals any function relating to the examination, inspection, and testing of airman applicants.

7.    Role of the Designee. Designees have been an important part of the FAA’s support to the flying public for over 60 years. During that time, designees successfully completed thousands of certification activities on the FAA’s behalf. The designee function is vital to enhancing the FAA’s public service role and enhancing overall safety in the National Airspace System (NAS). The FAA and its designees are in a symbiotic relationship. The FAA appoints designees to leverage its workforce and provide certification services to the public, and the designee provides certification services to the public in accordance with FAA policy and guidance. One component of this relationship involves how the FAA views the designee, as well as how the designee views the FAA.

8.    Definitions. This paragraph contains definitions for FAA offices, FAA forms, and terms commonly used in this order. Appendix A contains a list of acronyms used in this order.

a.    Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760). AFS-760, which is part of the FAA Civil Aviation Registry, has final authority for the issuance of permanent airman certificates and maintenance of certification records. AFS-760 is located at the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center (MMAC) in Oklahoma City, OK.

b.    Airmen Medical Certificate. An airmen medical certificate is a valid certificate issued under 14 CFR part 67, Medical Standards and Certification.

c.    Aviation Maintenance Technician School (AMTS). An FAA-approved school for aviation mechanics. Graduation from the appropriate course of a certificated AMTS is one way for mechanic applicants to meet the experience requirement.

d.    Aviation Safety Inspector (ASI). An FAA employee with the necessary technical qualifications who is responsible for developing, administering, investigating and enforcing safety regulations for airmen, aircraft and aircraft operations. In most cases, ASIs are also responsible for the oversight of designees.

e.    Aviation Safety Technician (AST). An FAA employee who provides technical support and assistance to ASIs.

f.    Certification and General Aviation Operations Branch (AFS-810). AFS-810, which is part of the General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), is the principal office concerned with the certification and training of airmen (pilots, ground, and flight instructors). AFS-810 is responsible for DPE policy, with the exception of SPE policy.

g.    COA Letter. A COA letter is issued to each Flight Standards general aviation designee to specify their authority and appropriate limitations for a given appointment period.

Note:  FAA Form 8430-9 and LOAs are no longer issued, but may remain in effect until expiration, unless surrendered or terminated before that time.

h.    Designated Mechanic Examiner (DME). A DME is an individual, appointed in accordance with 14 CFR part 183, § 183.25, who holds a valid aviation mechanic certificate, possesses technical knowledge and experience required for aviation mechanic certification, and meets the general qualification requirements set forth in chapter 2 and the TPE-specific qualifications set forth in chapter 6.

i.    Designated Parachute Rigger Examiner (DPRE). A DPRE is an individual, appointed in accordance with § 183.25, who has a high level of knowledge in the subject areas required for parachute rigger certification, holds a master parachute rigger certificate for the particular designation, and meets the general qualification requirements set forth in chapter 2 and the TPE-specific qualifications set forth in chapter 6.

j.    Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE). A DPE is an individual, appointed in accordance with § 183.23, who meets the general qualification requirements set forth in chapter 2 and the DPE-specific qualifications set forth in chapter 7. For the purposes of this order, a DPE is a PE, CIRE, CE, ATPE, FIE, PPE, NDPE/FEE, SPE, or SFIE. In addition, a DPE is an examiner with administrative privileges for which there are the ACR, FIRE, FPE, GIE, MCE, and MC/FPE.

k.    Designee. Designee is the general term used in this order to describe a representative of the FAA Administrator authorized by law and appointed in accordance with the applicable provisions of § 44702 or part 183, Representatives of the Administrator, to examine, test, and/or make inspections necessary to issue airman or aircraft certificates. For the purposes of this order, designee refers to individual examiner designations including TPEs, and DPEs.

l.    Designee Quality Assurance Branch (AFS-650). AFS-650, which is part of AFS-600, collects National Examiner Board (NEB) application materials from designee applicants.

m.    Designee Standardization Branch (AFS-640). AFS-640, which is part of AFS-600, develops and conducts a variety of standardization seminars both domestically and internationally that are used by designees, designee applicants, representatives of delegations, and FAA personnel for initial training and renewal purposes.

n.    Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA). EAA is an international organization of aviation enthusiasts interested in flying, building, and restoring recreational aircraft. EAA considers application materials submitted by NDPE/FEE applicants and recommends successful examiner candidates to AFS-800.

o.    FAA Form 8000-5, Certificate of Designation. FAA Form 8000-5 is a certificate issued to a designee by the FAA office manager authorizing the designee privileges.

p.    FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate. FAA Form 8060-4 is a temporary airman certificate issued to a successful airman applicant.

q.    FAA Form 8000-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application. FAA Form 8000-5 is issued by a DPE to an unsuccessful airman applicant.

r.    FAA Form 8110-28, Application and Statement of Qualification (DME/DPRE/DAR-T/ODAR-T). FAA Form 8110-28 is the application used by TPE applicants for appointment and renewal.

s.    FAA Form 8420-2, Medical Certificate _________ Class and Student Pilot Certificate. FAA Form 8420-2 is issued to an airman applicant who meets the requirements for a student pilot certificate by an Aviation Medical Examiner (AME) and serves as both a medical certificate and a student pilot certificate.

t.     FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application. FAA Form 8610-2 is used by mechanic and parachute rigger applicants when applying for an airman certificate and/or rating.

u.     FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application. FAA Form 8710-1 is used by pilot applicants (other than sport pilot applicants) when applying for an airman certificate and/or rating.

v.    FAA Form 8710-2, Student Pilot Certificate. FAA Form 8710-2 is issued to a qualified student pilot applicant.

w.     FAA Form 8710-10, National Examiner Board-Designated Pilot Examiner Candidate Application. FAA Form 8710-10 is the application used by DPE applicants (other than SPE/SFIE applicants) to submit to the NEB or managing Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) or International Field Office (IFO), as applicable.

x.     FAA Form 8710-11, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application – Sport Pilot. FAA Form 8710-11 is used by sport pilot applicants when applying for an airman certificate and/or rating.

y.     FAA Form 8710-12, Light-Sport Standardization Board-Designated Pilot Examiner Candidate Application. FAA Form 8710-12 is the application used by SPE/SFIE applicants to submit to the NEB.

z.    Flight Instructor Refresher Clinic (FIRC). FIRCs provide a method by which instructors can renew their instructor certificates.

aa.    Flight Standards District Office (FSDO). As used in this order, the FSDO is the office that has jurisdiction over the geographic area in which the designee is located.

bb.    General Aviation & Commercial Division (AFS-800). AFS-800 is the FAA AFS division responsible for developing national policies, standards, systems, procedures, and programs for general aviation and advising senior FAA management on general aviation matters. AFS-800 is also responsible for developing standards, policies, and procedures for appointing private individuals to represent the FAA Administrator for the certification of airmen.

cc.    Integrated Airman Certification and/or Rating Application (IACRA). The IACRA system is an Internet-based (paperless) method of processing airman applications.

dd.    International Field Office (IFO). As used in this order, the IFO is the office that has jurisdiction over the international geographic area in which the designee is located.

ee.    Light Sport Aviation Branch (AFS-610). AFS-610, which is part of AFS-600, manages and provides oversight of the SPE and the light sport aircraft repairman-training programs. AFS-610 is responsible for SPE/SFIE policy.

ff.    National Examiner Board (NEB). A board convened to oversee the designee application and screening process for AFS.

gg.    Regulatory Support Division (AFS-600). AFS-600 promotes safety by educating and advising users through the development, implementation, analysis and distribution of technical information including airmen testing, designee standardization, and management of aviation data systems.

hh.    Scenario-Based Training (SBT). A training system that uses a highly structured script of real-world experiences to address flight-training objectives in an operational environment.

ii.    Technical Personnel Examiner (TPE). For the purposes of this order, TPE will refer to only DMEs and DPREs.

Chapter 2. Selection and Appointment

1.    Selection.

a.    Application. The managing Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) office selects applicants for a designee appointment. When selecting approved candidates, the managing FAA office considers the recommendations from knowledgeable members of the aviation community. The National Examiner Board (NEB), or other evaluating entity, receives applications and will review designee applicants for the general eligibility requirements set forth in paragraph 3.

(1)    Designee applicants must complete an application package and submit it to the NEB for review and consideration. Address the application package to: FAA, National Examiner Board, Attn: Designee Quality Assurance Branch (AFS-650), P.O. Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125-0082. Applicants should retain a copy of all application documents submitted to the FAA.

Note:  Candidates for designation as an Airman Certification Representative (ACR), Flight Instructor Renewal Examiner (FIRE), Foreign Pilot Examiner (FPE), Ground Instructor Examiner (GIE), Military Competency Examiner (MCE), Military Competence/Foreign Pilot Examiner (MC/FPE), or Pilot Proficiency Examiner (PPE) must send their completed application forms directly to the managing Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) or International Field Office (IFO) for processing. Candidates holding ACR, FIRE, FPE, GIE, MCE, MC/FPE, or PPE designations who are applying for designation as any other type of Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE) must submit an application for examiner authorization to the NEB.

Note:  National Designated Pilot Examiner and Flight Engineer Examiner (NDPE/FEE) candidates must already possess an active DPE before submitting an NDPE/FEE application directly to the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) for consideration. The EAA will recommend successful examiner candidates to the FAA, General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), 800 Independence Avenue S.W., Washington, DC 20591 for selection and appointment.

Note:  Current FAA employees will not be appointed as designees until their employment with the FAA has ended. FAA employees may not apply to the NEB earlier than 120 calendar-days before their actual date of retirement or separation from the agency. A letter of recommendation must accompany the application from management of their last assigned office. Appointments will be limited to functions performed while employed by the FAA, or other experience within the aviation industry. If a former FAA employee submits an application beyond 3 years from the date of separation, all application requirements apply.

(a)    Technical Personnel Examiner (TPE). All TPE applicants must complete FAA Form 8110-28, Application and Statement of Qualification (DME/DPRE/DAR-T/ ODAR-T). The application package must also include legible copies of the applicable airman certificates held by the examiner candidate.
(b)    DPE. DPE applicants, other than Sport Pilot Examiner (SPE)/Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Examiner (SFIE) applicants, must complete FAA Form 8710-10, National Examiner Board-Designated Pilot Examiner Candidate Application. SPE/SFIE applicants must complete FAA Form 8710-12, Light-Sport Standardization Board‑Designated Pilot Examiner Candidate Application. The application package must include a legible copy of airman and flight instructor certificates held by the examiner candidate, and a copy of the examiner candidate’s valid medical certificate (at least third-class), if appropriate.
(2)    The NEB will review designee applicants (with the exception of ACR, FIRE, FPE, GIE, MCE, MC/FPE, NDPE/FEE, or PPE applicants) for the applicable criteria in this order and rank the applicants against the other applicants who meet those requirements. The NEB will notify the applicant (by letter) of the results.

Note:  If the NEB determines that a designee candidate is not qualified, the NEB Recorder will retain the candidate’s application file for 4 calendar-months from the month of the evaluation, pending an appeal or request for additional information. At the end of the 4th calendar-month, the NEB Recorder will transfer the designee candidate’s application file to the NEB’s electronic database and discard the paper copies of the application file.

(3)    The appointing FAA office will notify the NEB when it has determined a need for, and possesses the ability to manage a designee.
(4)    The appointing FAA office will notify the candidate, and the candidate will schedule himself or herself to attend an initial training seminar. After the candidate successfully completes the initial training seminar, the candidate will provide the appointing FAA office with the certificate of completion from the initial training seminar.

Note:  Candidates must successfully complete the initial training seminar before appointment as a designee. The initial training seminar is valid for up to 12 calendar-months prior to appointment. If the candidate is not appointed within the 12 calendar-month period, he or she must retake the initial training seminar. Once appointed, the recurrent training seminar is due on the established seminar interval for the designee type (24 or 36 months) from completion of the initial training seminar.

b.    Need for and Ability to Manage a Designee. Successfully meeting the eligibility requirements does not guarantee appointment as a designee. The managing FAA office, within its sole discretion, determines the need for and ability to manage a designee.

(1)    Determining Need. The managing FAA office considers several factors in determining the need for a designee including, but not limited to:
(a)    Activity level of designees performing similar work in managing FAA office’s geographical area.
(b)    Demand/convenience to the public as determined by the:

·    Ability to provide examinations within a reasonable period of time, and

·    Number of complaints from the public for lack of availability of certification.

(c)    Geographic dispersion as determined by the distance the applicant must travel to get to designee.

Note:  Need for a new designee is driven by the needs of the public and not by the impact on other existing designees or the desires of air operators/agencies.

(2)    Determining the Ability to Manage. The managing FAA office reviews several criteria to determine the ability to manage a designee including, but not limited to:
(a)    Effect of workload on inspectors,
(b)    Funding (e.g., travel allocation) needed to oversee the designee workforce, and
(c)    Availability of trained inspectors (specialists) and/or managers.

2.    Appointment. The appointing FAA office will complete FAA Form 8000-5, Certificate of Designation, and a certificate of authority (COA) letter for presentation to the designee.

Note:  The act of signing the designee application (see table below), is an acknowledgment that the designation is a privilege, not a right, and the FAA Administrator can terminate any designation at any time or for any reason he or she deems appropriate.

a.    Applying for Reinstatement. Reinstatement is used in instances where a former designee is applying for privileges, after the termination of his or her designation, to the last managing FAA office that previously had jurisdiction over the designee. Former designees wishing to apply for reinstatement must submit the completed application directly to the designating FAA office and are not required to apply to the NEB if they previously held the same type of designation. The FAA office, in its sole discretion, will determine if there remains a need for the examiner, and if it possesses the ability to manage the examiner as set forth in subparagraph 1b above. The former designee must meet the applicable training requirements set forth in this order.

b.    Applying for Relocation. Designees may relocate to a different geographical area, and the receiving FAA office agrees to the transfer, without applying to the NEB. The designee must submit a new application to the receiving FAA office.

c.    Serve Outside the United States. A designee may be appointed to serve outside the United States provided there is a demonstrated need that such designation will serve U.S. citizens abroad and an FAA office can properly supervise the designee’s activities. The designee is subject to limitations as provided by current FAA policy regarding the certification of airmen outside the United States.

Note:  Although the intent of the designee is to serve U.S. citizens abroad, this does not preclude the designee from serving non-U.S. citizens.

3.    General Eligibility Requirements. Inspectors must carefully consider all of the following issues before designating or renewing an examiner. Additional eligibility requirements for specific designee types are included in the applicable designee component chapter (chapter 6 (TPE), and chapter 7 (DPE)). The general requirements for appointment, which are reviewed by the NEB, are:

a.    Minimum Age. Minimum age of 23 years for all designees.

b.    Personality Traits. Have integrity, professionalism, and sound judgment.

c.    Training Requirement. Have satisfactorily completed the applicable training requirement before appointment/renewal as a designee.

d.    Knowledge of Guidance Materials. Have good knowledge of the pertinent regulations, directives, and related guidance material.

e.    Command of English Language. Have command of the English language—spoken and written.

f.    Objectivity. Have the ability to maintain the highest degree of objectivity while performing authorized functions.

g.    Good Record. Have a good record in the aviation industry.

h.    Technology Access. Have internet access, as well as access to a computer and printer with hardware/software sufficient to support the required activities.

Note:  An examiner is not required to be a U.S. citizen.

Note:  Applicants should provide enough detail in their application packages to allow the NEB to determine that they meet the general requirements of Chapter 3 as well as those requirements specific to the applicable designee type (Chapter 6 for TPEs or Chapter 7 for DPEs).

Chapter 3. Oversight, Training, and Renewal

1.    Oversight. Each designee operates under the direct supervision of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) office that holds the designation file, referred to as the managing FAA office. Supervision of designees includes the following functions:

a.    Resolve Questions. Inspectors or FAA personnel who supervise the activities of designees must always welcome the opportunity to discuss procedures and standards with designees upon request to resolve any questions. Designees should direct any questions to their managing FAA office.

b.    Observe and Provide Oversight. Technical Personnel Examiners (TPE) and Designated Pilot Examiners (DPE) should expect the FAA to observe them conducting their first complete tests. Thereafter, the examiner may be inspected or observed by FAA personnel at any time with or without prior notice.

c.    Document and Submit Certification Files. DPEs must submit certification files to the managing FAA office regardless of test results (pass or fail) within 7 calendar-days of the test date. TPEs must submit certification files to the managing FAA office regardless of test results (pass, fail, or incomplete) within 7 calendar-days of the test date.

d.    Check Knowledge and Accuracy of Certification Files. A critical component of the certification process is the accuracy of the certification files. The managing FAA office may check the designee’s aeronautical knowledge and certification procedures at any time.

2.    Initial Training Seminar. Before designation, prospective examiners must satisfactorily complete the initial standardization seminar.

Designee Type

Initial Training Requirement

TPE

Initial TPE Standardization Seminar

DPE

Initial Pilot Examiner Standardization Seminar

Note:  Information regarding designee standardization training seminars is available on the Designee Registration System Web site at https://av-info.faa.gov/DsgReg/default.aspx.

Note:  Currently, initial training for certain designee types including Airman Certification Representative (ACR), Flight Instructor Renewal Examiner (FIRE), Foreign Pilot Examiner (FPE), Ground Instructor Examiner (GIE), Military Competency Examiner (MCE), Military Competency/Foreign Pilot Examiner (MC/FPE), or Pilot Proficiency Examiner (PPE) applicants is conducted by the managing FAA office.

3.    Orientation. Following the initial training seminar, personnel from the managing FAA office will coach the examiner in all procedures relevant to the designee’s duties before the designee conducts any tests. The assigned inspector or FAA personnel from the managing FAA office must be present during the first tests administered by the designee to provide guidance and training, and to inform the designee of the proper test procedures. Specific items of emphasis during the orientation are:

a.    Direction and Guidance. The designee is expected to call upon the managing FAA office for advice and guidance, as necessary, for the performance of assigned responsibilities in accordance with prescribed procedures.

b.    Reference Materials. The designee is expected to have ready access to the current rules, policy, and technical data appropriate to airman certification and/or the administration of airman knowledge tests, as applicable.

c.    Instruction. The designee must receive specific instructions from the managing FAA office in the proper conduct of his or her authorized functions.

d.    Non-Discrimination. The designee is expected to make his or her services available to all applicants on an equitable basis regardless of who trained the applicant or the applicant’s geographic area of residence.

e.    Eligibility Requirements. The designee is expected to understand the continuing general eligibility requirements as set forth in chapter 2, paragraph 3.

4.    Recurrent Training. Each designee is encouraged to attend safety meetings, aviation seminars, and other programs that contribute to the technical skills required for the designation. Designees must schedule themselves for a recurrent training seminar and notify the managing FAA office. Examiners must satisfactorily complete the initial training seminar prior to enrollment in the recurrent training seminar. Attendance at a recurrent training seminar is mandatory. The Certificate of Completion issued to those that successfully complete a recurrent training seminar will expire in the specified time period (see below) from the date shown on the certificate. The designee must forward a copy of the Certificate of Completion to the managing FAA office. The recurrent training requirements are set forth below:

Designee Type

Recurrent Training Requirement

TPE

24 calendar-months – Recurrent TPE Standardization Seminar

DPE with the exception of: ACR, FIRE, FPE, GIE, MCE, MC/FPE, or PPE

24 calendar-months – Recurrent Pilot Examiner Standardization Seminar

ACR, FIRE, FPE, GIE, MCE, or MC/FPE

36 calendar-months – Administrative Pilot Examiner Standardization Seminar

Note:  Examiners may complete the initial training seminar in lieu of the recurrent training seminar to meet the recurrent training requirement set forth in chapter 3, paragraph 4.

Note:  An examiner will not exercise his or her designation privileges unless his or her training is current and up-to-date.

5.    Expiration. Initial appointment is for a period of 1 year. After the initial appointment period, the managing FAA office will determine the duration of the designation. The duration of the designation cannot exceed 3 years. The expiration date appears on the certificate of authority (COA) letter, which each designee receives.

6.    Renewal. A designee may be renewed if the continuation of the designation is justified, and the designation is in the FAA’s interest. The designee is responsible for submitting a timely renewal package. The FAA office must notify the designee that renewal has occurred and issue a new COA letter. A designation will be renewed under the following conditions:

·    The managing FAA office determines that a need still exists;

·    The FAA office still has the ability to manage the designee; and

·    The designee continues to meet the eligibility requirements in chapter 2, paragraph 3 and the specific requirements listed in the applicable designee component chapter.

a.    Annual Meeting. The designee must attend an annual meeting held by the managing FAA office to discuss designee procedures, problems, and designation renewal.

Note:  Based on a program level risk analysis, the managing FAA office may exempt the following designee types from the annual meeting requirement: ACRs, FIREs, FPEs, GIEs, MCEs, MC/FPEs, and PPEs.

b.    Designee Maintains Designation. When conducting tests, each designee must maintain the applicable airman certificate(s), the general eligibility requirements listed in chapter 2, paragraph 3 and the specific eligibility requirements in the designee component chapter (chapter 6 (TPE), and chapter 7 (DPE)).

c.    Training Requirements. The recurrent training requirements in chapter 3, paragraph 4 must be completed.

d.    Renewal Application Package. The designee must apply for renewal to the managing FAA office at least 45 calendar-days before the expiration of the designation. It is the responsibility of the designee to complete the renewal application package. The package must include:

(1)    A copy of the designee’s current COA letter or previously issued FAA Form 8430-9, Certificate of Authority;
(2)    A record of all designee activity conducted since the issuance or last renewal of their designation;
(3)    A current certificate of training showing the designee has successfully completed an initial or recurrent training seminar; and
(4)    Additional application materials (as indicated below):

Designee Type

Renewal Application Requirements

TPE

FAA Form 8110-28 with blocks 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, and 23a completed. (The managing FSDO or IFO will approve the application for renewal by completing applicable blocks on the FAA application form.

DPE

A letter from the DPE requesting renewal and the designation(s) the examiner is requesting to be renewed. The letter must include this acknowledgment language: “THIS designation is a privilege, not a right, and the FAA Administrator can terminate any designation at any time or for any reason he or she deems appropriate.”

A copy of the DPE’s current pilot, flight instructor, and airman medical certificate, with the exception of a GIE applicant.

e.    COA Letter. After expiration of the designee’s COA letter, the designee may not exercise the privileges of the designation unless he or she has a current COA letter signed by the managing FAA office and the designee.

7.    Knowledge and Skill. The determination that the designee’s knowledge of and application of current procedures and standards are adequate for renewal of the designation may be based on oversight of the designee and the designee’s attendance at a meeting or seminar conducted for the purpose of standardization.

Chapter 4. Termination and Appeal

1.    Termination. Termination is the action by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to rescind a designation at any time for any reason the Administrator considers appropriate.

2.    Types of Termination.

a.    Termination for Cause. Termination for cause is a negative finding based on a designee’s performance.

b.    Termination Not-for-Cause. Termination not-for-cause can be for any reason not specific to a designee’s performance (e.g., lack of need for the designee or ability to manage the designee by the FAA office).

Note:  A designee may voluntarily surrender a designation at any time. This voluntary surrender should be made in writing, sent to the appointing FAA office manager and be accompanied by the designee’s certificate of authority (COA) letter or previously issued FAA Form 8430-9, Certificate of Authority.

3.    Termination Letter. Designations are terminated under the general conditions contained in Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.) § 44702. The appointing FAA office manager makes the decision to terminate a designee. The FAA office manager’s decision regarding the termination of a designation will be provided to the designee in writing, and the reasons cited will be as specific as possible. Upon receipt of a termination letter, the designee must immediately cease the exercise of his or her designee privileges.

4.    Appeal. The designee or designee applicant may request an appeal. (Reference: FAA Order 8900.1, Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Volume 13, Chapter 5, Section 3, Termination and Appeal.)

a.    Appeal of Non-Selection/Non-Appointment. The National Examiner Board (NEB) handles appeals of non‑selection. Contact the Designee Standardization Branch (AFS-650) with questions. Appeal of non-appointment initiates at the local office, which will handle the appeal in accordance with the appeal of termination process in Order 8900.1, Volume 13, Chapter 5, Section 3.

b.    Non-Appeal Termination. Termination based on the lack of need, the inability of the FAA office to manage the examiner, loss of a prerequisite certification, or failure to meet training requirements cannot be appealed.

c.    Written Termination Appeal. If the designee wishes to appeal his or her termination, the designee must make the request in writing within 14 calendar-days of receipt of the written notification of the FAA office manager’s decision to the regional appeal panel by sending a letter to the FAA office manager requesting an appeal.

d.    Written Notification. The designee will be notified in writing of the appeal panel’s decision within 60 calendar-days.

Note:  The regional appeal panel’s decision is final.

Chapter 5. Privileges, Limitations, and Responsibilities

1.    Privileges. A designee is authorized to:

a.    Accept Airman Certificate/Rating Application. Accept applicable airman certificate and/or rating applications for airman certificates and ratings.

Designee Type

FAA Form

Technical Personnel Examiner (TPE)

FAA Form 8610-2

Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE)

FAA Form 8710-1 or FAA Form 8710-11

b.    Conduct Tests. Conduct tests, in the English language, appropriate to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certificate of authority (COA) letter held by the designee, in accordance with the appropriate practical test standards (PTS).

c.    Applicant Fees. Charge each applicant a reasonable fee. The examiner should ensure the applicant understands all fees charged, including the fee for retesting after failure, before the designee accepts the airman certificate and/or rating application.

Note:  Use caution to ensure that the TPE is accepting payment from the applicant or on behalf of the applicant and that the designee remains a private person acting as a representative of the Administrator in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 183, subpart C.

d.    Issue Temporary Airman Certificates. Issue temporary airman certificates to applicants who have been tested and found qualified for the certificate or rating sought. The managing FAA office may retain this privilege. This authorization should be listed in the COA.

e.    Designated Pilot Examiners (DPE). DPEs may accept pilot applications for new pilot certificates and/or ratings (for which the DPE holds that designation and authority) and any pilot certificate action that is administrative in nature (i.e., second-in-command (SIC) type rating, English language endorsement, etc.), provided the DPE has received training from the supervising Flight Standards District Office (FSDO). DPEs are not authorized to accept medical Statement of Demonstrated Ability (SODA) requests.

(1)    If the applicant has a valid verification letter of authenticity and makes an appropriate application, DPEs may accept applications for 14 CFR part 61, § 61.75 pilot certification that are issued on the basis of a foreign pilot license for adding the “English Proficient” endorsement, paper to plastic pilot certificates, as well as replacement of the § 61.75 pilot certificate. Section 61.75 pilot certificate holders will not be able to apply via the web. This requires the applicant to apply in person so there will be positive identification at the time of application to an appropriately authorized DPE, Foreign Pilot Examiner (FPE), FAA aviation safety technician (AST), or FAA aviation safety inspector (ASI). DPEs and FPEs must comply with the guidance in chapter 7, sections 20 and 21.
(2)    DPEs may not accept an application for a name change, citizenship change, date of birth change, gender change, dual citizenship, any other changes to personal data, or removal of an English language limitation where the appropriate FAA order already covers a procedure. If the guidance in the appropriate FAA order specifically requires a FSDO to handle the applicant, then a DPE may not perform that function. Changes of a personal nature (name change, sex change, removal of the English language limitation, etc.) that specifically require the applicant to perform the certification action at the FSDO must be performed by FSDO personnel.

2.    Limitations.

a.    Locations. A TPE must not conduct tests at locations not listed as a base of operation on the current COA letter held by the designee, unless authorized by the managing FAA office. A DPE must not conduct tests at locations outside his or her geographically assigned area, unless authorized by the managing FAA office.

b.    Computer Knowledge Tests. A designee must not conduct or monitor any portion of computer knowledge tests.

c.    Expired Temporary Airman Certificate. A designee must not reissue or amend any expired temporary airman certificate.

d.    Permanent Airman Certificate. A designee must not endorse, amend, alter, or issue any permanent airman certificate.

e.    Applicable PTS. A designee must not exempt any applicant from the testing requirements in the applicable PTS.

f.    Teaching/Testing. A designee must not combine teaching with testing during the testing of an applicant.

g.    Proof of Eligibility. A designee must not conduct tests unless an applicant presents proof of eligibility as prescribed in the applicable 14 CFR part (as set forth below):

Designee Type

14 CFR

TPE

Part 65

DPE

Part 61

Note:  Additional limitations that are designee type specific are located within each component chapter.

h.    Airman Knowledge Test. A designee must not conduct oral and practical tests unless the applicant has passed the required airman knowledge test.

Note:  This does not apply to aviation mechanic applicants authorized to test in accordance with 14 CFR part 65, § 65.80 or master parachute rigger applicants that hold a senior certificate.

i.    Applicant Further Study. A designee must not temporarily suspend a test to allow the applicant further study, and then continue the same test later.

j.    Number of Applicants. A designee conducting an oral and/or practical test must not test more than one applicant at a time, unless authorized in his or her COA by the geographically responsible FSDO and in accordance with the procedures and limitations contained in Order 8900.1.

Note:  If you are a Designated Mechanic Examiner (DME) that has a valid need to test two applicants at a time, contact your managing FAA office for consideration.

k.    Geographical Area. A designee must not test an applicant outside the authorized geographical area. For a DPE, the test must start and conclude within the authorized geographical area. If a designee wants to administer tests outside the geographical area of the managing FSDO or International Field Office (IFO), the designee must:

(1)    Request authorization in writing from the managing FSDO or IFO.
(a)    Provide the date and address of the testing site in writing.
(b)    Make the request in writing at least 3 working days prior to the scheduled activity.

Note:  The FSDO or IFO with jurisdiction over the test site may evaluate the facilities, equipment, current publications, and test materials required to conduct a test for the certificate and/or rating(s) sought.

(2)    Receive approval in writing from the designee’s managing FSDO or IFO, as appropriate. The managing office will coordinate with the geographical office.
(3)    The designee submits the certification file to the designee’s managing office. The FSDO or IFO with jurisdiction over the test location may request copies of any files for tests conducted by the the designee in their area.

l.    Language Requirement. A designee must not conduct tests in any language other than English.

3.    Responsibilities. Each designee must represent the Administrator in a manner that reflects positively on the FAA.

a.    Honor Appointments. Designees should honor appointments made as promptly as possible.

b.    Undivided Attention. Designees must give undivided attention to the applicant during the testing period.

c.    Private/Confidential Discussion. Designees must assure that discussion following any test is private and is confidential.

d.    FAASTeam Seminars/Events. The FAA encourages designees to attend and take part in FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) seminars and events. The FAA values the participation of examiners as FAASTeam representatives in providing support for safety meetings.

e.    Knowledge and Skill. A designee must maintain a high degree of knowledge and skill in the subject areas required for airman certification, evaluation, and testing techniques.

Chapter 6. Technical Personnel Examiner Program

Section 1. General

1.    Additional Requirements for Appointment. The procedures contained in this order apply to inspectors and Technical Personnel Examiners (TPE) authorized to conduct aviation mechanic or parachute rigger oral and practical tests and issue temporary airman certificates. TPEs will conduct tests in accordance with the applicable practical test standards (PTS). Inspectors must carefully consider all of the following issues before designating or renewing an examiner. In addition to meeting the general designee eligibility requirements in chapter 2, an examiner candidate must meet the following additional requirements, which will be reviewed by the appointing Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) office:

a.    For Designated Mechanic Examiner (DME) Appointment.

(1)    Evidence of a high level of knowledge in the Subject Areas required for aviation mechanic certification in both reciprocating and turbine-engine aircraft.
(2)    Held a valid aviation mechanic certificate for 5 years with the rating(s) for which a designation is to be issued. When qualified persons are not available, the managing FAA office manager may reduce the 5-year requirement to 3 years if the prospective designee meets all other requirements, and possesses the required technical qualifications.
(3)    Actively exercised the privileges of a valid aviation mechanic certificate for 3 years on U.S.-registered civil aircraft immediately before designation or other aircraft maintenance governed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 43.
(4)    Have a fixed base of operation adequately equipped to support testing in each Subject Area in a required Section for the designation held, and be adequately equipped to support testing of all of the Core Competency elements listed in the PTS under Objective 2 of a Subject Area for the designation sought. This includes both reciprocating and turbine engine aircraft.
(a)    The fixed base of operation, equipment, and materials must be adequate for an applicant to demonstrate the basic skills for the certificate and rating sought. The managing FAA office will monitor the status of equipment periodically to ensure compliance.
(b)    Use airworthy aircraft, other aircraft, aircraft subassemblies, operational mockups, or other aids for testing airman applicants.
(c)    Tools, equipment, current publications, materials, etc., required to complete a project assignment must be the type recommended by aircraft manufacturers or accepted in the aviation industry.

Note:  The DME will be required by the managing field office to report any significant change in the equipment or materials available to test applicants.

b.    For Designated Parachute Rigger Examiner (DPRE) Appointment.

(1)    Evidence of a high level of knowledge in the Areas of Operation required for parachute rigger certification.
(2)    Held a valid master parachute rigger certificate for 2 years with the rating(s) for which the managing FAA office will issue a designation.
(3)    Actively exercised the privileges of a valid master parachute rigger certificate for 2 years immediately before the designation.
(4)    Have a fixed base of operation adequately equipped to support testing in each required Area of Operation for the designation held.
(a)    The fixed base of operation, equipment, and materials must be adequate for an applicant to demonstrate the basic skills for the certificate and rating sought. The managing FAA office will periodically monitor the status of equipment to ensure compliance.
(b)    Tools, equipment, current publications, materials, etc., required to complete a project assignment must be the type parachute manufacturers recommend or accept in the industry.
(c)    The fixed base of operation must, as a minimum, have tools and equipment necessary to perform, in each required Area of Operation, the Tasks the DPRE will assign as part of his or her developed test.

Note:  The DPRE will be required by the managing field office to report any significant change in the equipment or materials available to test applicants.

2.    Aviation Mechanic Tests. The test standards are contained in three separate booklets, which consist of knowledge (oral question) elements and skill (practical project) elements in each of the five sections. Each section has from 3 to 12 Subject Areas. Section I, General, is required for either the airframe or powerplant rating and applies to both. Sections I, II, and III are required for the airframe rating. Sections I, IV, and V are required for the powerplant rating. See chapter 6, section 2, paragraph 9 for information concerning previously passed section I. These test sections include:

·    I—General.

·    II—Airframe Structures.

·    III—Airframe Systems and Components.

·    IV—Powerplant Theory and Maintenance.

·    V—Powerplant Systems and Components.

3.    Parachute Rigger Tests. The test standards consist of knowledge/oral question elements and skill/practical project elements in each of the seven Areas of Operation. Each Area of Operation has from 5 to 14 Tasks. The Tasks are broken down by elements. All elements of a selected Task must be accomplished to successfully complete the Task. These Areas of Operation include:

·    I—Certification.

·    II—Privileges, Limitations, and Operating Rules.

·    III—Packing Parachutes.

·    IV—Parachute Operation and Care.

·    V—Parachute Construction Details.

·    VI—Parachute Repair.

·    VII—Parachute Alteration.

4.    FAA Certification Policy. TPEs must evaluate the oral and practical tests to determine if an applicant’s performance is acceptable or unacceptable. The primary discriminator in the airman certification process is the oral and practical test. Standard grading criteria and objective examination ensure a level of basic knowledge and skills in all subjects required for the rating sought.

5.    Limitations. In addition to the general limitations in chapter 5, TPEs must not:

a.    Conduct oral and practical tests at the base of operation that appears on the TPE’s certificate of authority (COA) letter unless it is adequately equipped with available equipment and material necessary for conducting the tests.

b.    Conduct oral and practical tests for applicants that have been authorized to test on the applicable airman certificate and/or rating application by an inspector in a Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) or International Field Office (IFO) other than the TPE’s responsible FSDO or IFO, unless:

(1)    The TPE reports the request for testing to the FSDO or IFO responsible for his or her designee authorization.
(2)    The TPE receives written permission before conducting the test. The TPE may be issued continuing authorization to perform these tests. This authorization does not relieve the TPE from the notification requirements of chapter 6, section 2, paragraph 9 before performing the test. The continuing authorization should be listed on the COA, but may be amended or rescinded any time the TPE’s responsible FSDO or IFO finds necessary.

Note:  This paragraph is intended as a limitation for the TPE. An applicant is not required to present his or her application to the local FSDO or IFO for reauthorization unless there is evidence that his or her original authorization is in question.

c.    Conduct an oral or practical test in any language other than the English language.

6.    Designations Issued.

a.    DME Designations. The DME can be issued the following designations:

(1)    Airframe (A). Conducts aviation mechanic airframe rating oral and practical tests and the general oral and practical test, when required.
(2)    Powerplant (P). Conducts aviation mechanic powerplant rating oral and practical tests and the general oral and practical test, when required.
(3)    Airframe and Powerplant (A&P). Conducts aviation mechanic airframe and powerplant ratings, oral and practical tests, and the general oral and practical test, when required.

b.    DPRE Designations. The DPRE will be issued one designation, Parachute Rigger Examiner. The DPRE conducts senior and master parachute rigger oral and practical tests for the parachute types for which the DPRE is rated.

7.    Designee Materials. The managing FAA office should provide each designee with supplies appropriate to the designation. The following supplies are necessary for the performance of TPE duties. The managing FAA office may issue some or all of the designee materials at the time of selection. With the exception of the FAA Form 8060-4, the material can be found on the Internet, or through common sources such as the Government Printing Office (GPO).

a.    FAA Order 8900.2. FAA Order 8900.2, General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook.

b.     FAA Form 8610-2. FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Stock No. 0052‑00‑026‑8004).

c.    FAA Form 8060-4. FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (Stock No. 0052-00-049-5001).

d.    FAA Form 337. FAA Form 337, Major Repair and Alteration (Stock No. 0052-00-025-8000).

e.    Title 14 CFR Part 65. Title 14 CFR Part 65, Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers.

f.    Title 14 CFR Part 183. Title 14 CFR Part 183, Representatives of the Administrator.

g.    FAA-S-8081-25. Parachute Rigger Practical Test Standards (PTS), FAA-S-8081-25.

h.    FAA-S-8081-26. Aviation Mechanic General Practical Test Standards (PTS) FAA-S-8081-26.

i.    FAA-8081-27. Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test Standards (PTS) FAA-8081-27.

j.    FAA-8081-28. Aviation Mechanic Powerplant Practical Test Standards (PTS) FAA-8081-28.

Note:  Items listed in paragraphs 7d, h, i, and j, are not required for DPREs; the item listed in paragraph 7g is not required for DMEs.

8.    Security. Each TPE is responsible for establishing and carrying out appropriate security procedures. The security of the controlled material is important to prevent compromise, and to ensure the applicants meet the aeronautical skill standards for aviation mechanic certificates and ratings.

a.    Materials. The TPE must ensure adequate security of:

(1)    All knowledge element questions developed for the tests.
(2)    All skill element projects developed for the tests.

b.    Access. The TPE must secure the aforementioned material in a manner that will not allow unauthorized access (e.g., a locked drawer, cabinet, or closet). Only authorized representatives of the FAA Administrator will receive access to secured material. The TPE should refer any public request for the secured material to the managing FAA office.

Section 2. Conducting and Grading Tests

9.    Preparation. TPEs must notify the managing FAA office before conducting all oral and practical tests. The managing FAA office may establish specific procedures for this notification. Because applicants may have widely differing backgrounds, it will be necessary to review the applicant’s experience in order to select appropriate oral questions and practical projects. The TPE must ask questions and assigns projects that will be fair, and yet cover all subject areas/Areas of Operation necessary for certification.

a.    Charge a Reasonable Fee. The TPE may charge a reasonable fee to each applicant for handling the forms and reports incident to the issuance of an aviation mechanic certificate, and for the use of the TPE’s facilities, equipment, and materials, service in administering the oral and practical tests. The TPE and the applicant should reach a mutual understanding and agreement of the total fee for the TPE’s services before beginning the tests. An agreement in writing may be to the advantage of both the TPE and the applicant.

b.    Knowledge and Skill Elements. Use the knowledge (oral) and skill (practical) elements listed in the PTS to administer the oral and practical tests. It is essential to forward a copy of all knowledge element questions and skill element test projects developed by the TPE to the managing FAA office. Unless otherwise authorized by the managing FAA office, the TPE must forward the questions and/or projects to the FAA at least 30 calendar-days before their use in an oral and practical test.

Note:  This does not include questions downloaded from the Internet-based Oral Question Generator.

(1)    For the DME: Subject Area. Test in each Subject Area of each section required for the rating sought; one-third of the section must be Level 1 or higher, one-third must be Level 2 or higher, and one-third must be Level 3, even though the applicant may not have used some of the skills in past or present jobs. The DME is not required to test every element in each Subject Area. An applicant must be able to demonstrate satisfactory knowledge and skill in the assigned elements in each Subject Area to the required standard.
(2)    For the DPRE: Area of Operation. Test in each Area of Operation required for certificate/rating sought. An applicant must perform satisfactorily in each selected Task in each required Area of Operation.

c.    Developing Knowledge (Oral) Element Tests. This type of questioning intends to measure an applicant’s basic knowledge of a Subject Area/Area of Operation. The design of the knowledge question is directly relational to the accuracy of this measurement.

(1)    For the DME: The DME may continue to develop and use knowledge element questions. Use the guidelines from subparagraph (2) below, to assist in the development of questions. The DME may also use questions obtained from the Internet-based Oral Question Generator at: https://av-info.faa.gov/DsgReg/Login.aspx. Select developed and/or downloaded questions applicable to the type of test to be administered. Do not select more than 10 questions for each Subject Area to be tested. Do not use the same questions for three consecutive tests. Do not allow an applicant to select questions.
(2)    The TPE should use the following basic guidelines to assist in developing knowledge questions.
(a)    The knowledge questions should be:

1.    Clear. Content should establish the conditions or significant circumstances so the examiner and the applicant will have the same mental picture.

2.    Grammatically correct.

3.    Concise. Long questions can be complex and ambiguous.

4.    Pertinent to the skill element when combining knowledge (oral) and skill elements.

5.    Have only one correct answer.

(b)    The questions should not:

1.    Be open-ended or multiple-choice questions.

2.    Require any further information or clarification.

3.    Be manufacturer specific.

4.    Contain double negatives.

5.    Have two parts.

6.    Contain clues to the answer.

(c)    Knowledge questions should be limited only to who, what, when, where, how, or why, not a combination. The questions should challenge the applicant enough so the examiner can properly evaluate the applicant’s basic knowledge. Answers to the knowledge questions must be found within FAA-approved or accepted information sources (e.g., 14 CFR parts, FAA orders, or advisory circulars (AC)).

d.    Develop Skill (Practical) Element Projects. The objective of this type of test is to measure an applicant’s basic skills in a Subject Area/Area of Operation. The design of the skill element is directly relational to its assigned level and to the accuracy of this measurement. Use the following basic guidelines to assist in the development of skill projects.

(1)    Include any givens (e.g., specific tools, equipment, mock ups, technical data) that will be required for the project.
(2)    Be clear and concise with the level, if applicable, clearly identified.
(3)    Refer to the standard(s) by which the project will be graded. The examiner must develop a performance standard for each project and include:
(a)    What the applicant must do. As an example: (for mechanic applicants) install an assigned control surface; (for parachute rigger applicants) inspect a pilot chute.
(b)    How it must be done. As an example: use of proper information (e.g., manufacturer’s data, Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS)) proper tooling, and observance of all applicable safety precautions.

e.    Assign Unique Identifier. The examiner must assign a unique identifier to each knowledge element question and skill element project developed.

f.    Prescribed Length of Time. There is no standard length of time prescribed for oral and practical tests. The testing period must, however, be long enough to make a valid determination in each Subject Area or Area of Operation for the rating sought. Take appropriate time to ensure that all required knowledge element questions and skill element practical projects have been completed for the rating sought.

g.    Two Originals. The applicant submits two originals of FAA Form 8610-2 before testing begins. The applicant must complete FAA Form 8610-2 in accordance with Figure 6-1, which includes the instructions for completing FAA Form 8610-2. The TPE or inspector should provide FAA Form 8610-2 and give detailed instructions for completing it correctly. (The inspector or TPE must copy Figure 6-1 and provide it to the applicant until FAA Form 8610-2 is revised with written instructions attached.) Advise the applicant to read the supplemental information attached to FAA Form 8610-2. (See Figure 6-1.)

Note:  All signatures must be original, in dark ink, with the name printed or typed below or next to the signature.

h.    Conduct a Pretest Interview. The TPE should accomplish the pretest interview face to face, by telephone/fax, through e-mail, or other methods that will allow the TPE to:

(1)    Discuss fees, testing procedures, projects, and type of equipment to be used and what the applicant should expect if they pass, fail, or do not complete the test.
(2)    Advise the applicant when the day’s activities terminate, and when testing resumes if more than 1 day is needed.
(3)    Ensure the applicant’s eligibility. (See paragraph 10).
(a)    Review the applicant’s FAA Form 8610-2 for completeness and correctness. The TPE must have the applicant correct any errors. This may require the applicant to return to the FSDO or IFO where authorization was obtained.
(b)    Review the applicant’s current written test results that are applicable to the rating(s) sought.
(c)    Have the applicant indicate, in the event that he or she passes all of the required tests, how he or she will respond to the two questions listed in block IV, “Applicant’s Certification ”, located on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2. There may be a need to have managing FAA field office involvement if the applicant would be required to answer “Yes ” to either of the questions.
(4)    Advise applicant of part 65, § 65.19 retesting after failure provisions and restrictions.

i.    Progressive Tests Must Not Be Given. Although it may be necessary to continue a test for more than 1 day, tests must not be allowed to continue for long periods. Progressive testing is defined as testing which continues for more than four sessions in a 4-day period. Suspending the test to allow the applicant further study is not allowed. Both the applicant and the examiner should plan the testing times so the applicant completes most of the test once it commences.

j.    Incomplete Test. Should the test not be completed in the allotted timeframe, the examiner will correctly mark both FAA Forms 8610-2 (two originals) on the reverse side. Forward this incomplete test file to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days. When practical, schedule a retest for the areas not completed at the time the test is discontinued. Treat this retest as if the applicant had failed those portions not tested. (See paragraphs 10d and 10e.)

(1)    For the DME: Correctly mark for the subject areas completed. Incomplete subject areas will not be marked as a failure on the FAA Form 8610-2 (two originals). In addition, place a statement in the “REMARKS ” area indicating why the test was not completed. Some examples are located in the figures at the end of this chapter.
(2)    For the DPRE: Do not mark as a failure. Place a statement in the “REMARKS ” area indicating why the test was not completed on both FAA Form 8610-2. Some examples are located in the figures at the end of this chapter.

Note:  Do not start any test without the intent to complete the testing for the issuance of a certificate and at least one rating or an added rating.

k.    For the DME: The General Section of the Tests. The DME should not begin a test with the intent of testing the General section only. Applicants for an airframe rating must take sections I, II, and III. Applicants for a powerplant rating must take sections I, IV, and V.

(1)    An applicant is not required to take section I, General, of a knowledge or skill test for a mechanic rating if it was previously passed. Proof of passing may be in the following forms:
(2)    A mechanic certificate with the alternate rating; or
(3)     FAA Form 8610-2 that shows section I, General, has been passed within the preceding 24 calendar‑months (although other sections may not have been passed).

10.    Applicant Eligibility.

a.    Furnish Current, Government-Issued Identification. Applicants must furnish current, valid, government-issued identification with a photograph and signature. If FAA Form 8610-2 is completed at a FSDO or IFO, the approving inspector will record the method of identification (e.g., passport, U.S. military identification, U.S. driver’s license), number, and expiration date in the “REMARKS” area of FAA Form 8610-2. The TPE will verify the applicant’s identification before testing. If the means of identification was provided in the “REMARKS ” area, the TPE will verify the identification and initial the inspector’s entry. (Sample entry: Oklahoma Driver’s License #123456789 exp. 01/31/2010.) If the means of identification was not previously entered in the “REMARKS” area or the means of identification provided by the applicant is different from the one listed in the “REMARKS” area, the TPE will make the entry in the “REMARKS” area and initial the entry. (See Figures 6-2F to 6-2K (mechanic applicants) and Figures 6‑3C to 6-3E (parachute rigger applicants).)

b.    Meet English Language Requirements. The designated examiners and aviation safety inspectors (ASI) share the responsibility for ensuring applicants meet the English language requirements. (Before accepting the application and beginning the practical test for certificate or rating, the TPE/ASI must evaluate the applicant’s English fluency using the appropriate guidance.) The current edition of AC 60-28, English Language Skill Standards Required by 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, and 65, provides guidance for airman applicants, TPEs, and ASIs in determining English language skills required for airman certification.

c.    Original FAA Form 8610-2.

(1)    All applicants claiming civilian and/or military experience as a basis for qualification must have the experience evaluated and verified by an inspector before taking the required test. The inspector may, as a matter of office procedures, reproduce and retain copies of FAA Form 8610-2 and documented evidence presented by the applicant. The inspector will:
(a)    Evaluate the experience documents and verify them, if necessary.
(b)    Have the applicant complete FAA Form 8610-2 (two originals). (See Figures 6-2A, 6-2B, 6-2D, 6‑2E, 6-3A, and 6-3B.) Provide a copy of Figure 6-1 to the applicant. Instruct the applicant to detach, if necessary, and read the “Privacy Act” area of FAA Form 8610-2.
(c)    Review FAA Form 8610-2 for completeness, sign and complete block V of FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals), and return them if the applicant meets the experience requirements. Return all experience documents to the applicant. Both original FAA Form 8610-2 applications must be retained by the applicant to present to a TPE or inspector for the oral and practical tests.

Note:  The block V endorsement must not be restricted to a specific field office or region.

(d)    Only Maintenance or Avionics inspectors who hold the mechanic certificate with airframe and/or powerplant ratings are authorized to review and endorse block V of FAA Form 8610-2.
(2)    For the DME: Applicants attending or graduating from an approved Aviation Maintenance Technician School (AMTS).
(a)    Graduates from AMTSs Having Affiliated DMEs. These individuals need not present the graduation certificate or certificate of completion appropriate to rating sought to the local inspector before taking the computer knowledge test and oral and practical tests provided:

1.    The AMTS has an affiliated computerized testing center and an affiliated DME, and the affiliated examiners give the tests.

2.    The AMTS has established a procedure acceptable to the managing FSDO having jurisdiction over the AMTS. This procedure will require the AMTS to provide a certified list of graduates to the FSDO and to each of the AMTS’s affiliated computerized testing centers, and DMEs. The list must be available before the computerized testing center or DMEs administering the appropriate test(s). The AMTS will maintain and provide a current list of affiliated computerized testing centers and DMEs to the FSDO.

3.    The AMTS’s certified list must contain the names and addresses of graduates, graduation dates, and the curriculum from which the applicant graduated (e.g., airframe, powerplant, or airframe and powerplant combined). The list will reflect a statement certifying these graduates and will be signed and dated by an authorized AMTS official.

Note:  Graduates taking the written or oral and practical tests from examiners, other than those affiliated with the AMTS, must present a graduation certificate or certificate of completion to the managing FAA office. This also applies to nonaffiliated computerized testing centers. (The inspector must review the documents, complete block V and sign it. This authorizes the AMTS graduate to be tested by an examiner other than an AMTS affiliated examiner.)

4.    Affiliated AMTS DMEs may administer oral and practical tests to graduates/applicants, without an FAA signature in block V of FAA Form 8610-2 only when a graduation certificate or certificate of completion is presented and the AMTS provides the DME with the certified list of graduates.

5.    Applicants must complete FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals).

6.    Affiliated DMEs are required to review FAA Form 8610-2 to determine and assure that it is complete and correct, and should verify the applicant meets the requirements of part 65, §§ 65.11, 65.12, and 65.71, before issuing FAA Form 8060-4. The applicant will present appropriate computerized test report(s). All sections of the computer knowledge test must have been passed within the previous 24 calendar-months.

(b)    Taking Oral and Practical Tests Before Computer Knowledge Tests. AMTS students may be authorized by the managing FSDO to take the oral and practical tests before the computer knowledge test in accordance with § 65.80.

1.    Each student must complete the front of FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals). FAA Form 8610-2 must show the AMTS’s name and location (block II, item D1), AMTS’s certificate number (block II, item D2), curriculum in which student is enrolled (block II, item D3), and graduation date (block II, item D4). Applicants should not check block II, item D, “GRADUATE OF APPROVED COURSE.

2.    AMTSs must show that each student is in the final phase of training and has maintained satisfactory progress at the school.

Note:  The student must be within 45 calendar-days of completing that phase of the curriculum. If enrolled in the Airframe only or Powerplant only, must have completed the General and be within 45 calendar-days of completion for the Airframe or Powerplant. If the applicant is enrolled in the Powerplant, and has completed the General and Airframe, he or she must be within 45 calendar-days of completion of the Powerplant curriculum. If the student is enrolled in the combined Airframe and Powerplant, he or she must be within 45 calendar-days of completion of the complete curriculum for the combined Airframe and Powerplant, has made satisfactory progress, and is prepared for the test. The proper AMTS official must complete block II, item E, (1) and (2).

3.    Inspectors must complete block II, item F, (1), (2), (3), and (4). The FAA authorization expiration date must not be later than the anticipated graduation date. Process the completed file through the managing FSDO. (The managing FSDO has authorized testing of any student by a nonaffiliated DME by completing block II, item F, (1), (2), (3), and (4).)

(3)    For the DPRE: Senior, Master, Added ratings and Military.
(a)    Senior parachute rigger applicants for an original certificate must show proof to an inspector or a DPRE of having passed the parachute rigger computer knowledge test (RIG) by presenting a computerized test report. (See Figure 6-3G.)
(b)    Master parachute rigger applicants for an original certificate:

1.    An applicant who does not hold a senior certificate must show proof to an inspector or a DPRE of having passed the RIG by presenting a computerized test report.

2.    An applicant who holds a senior certificate must present the airman certificate to the examiner. No knowledge test is required.

(c)    Adding a Rating. An applicant must present his or her senior or master certificate to the examiner. No knowledge test is required.
(d)    Military Parachute Riggers. Current and former military parachute riggers may be tested in accordance with § 65.117 at a computer testing center.

d.    Retests. When application is made for a retest after failure of a previous test or incomplete test, the applicant must:

(1)    Complete FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals) in accordance with the instructions furnished by the TPE or inspector.

Note:   FAA Form 8610-2, block V does not need to be signed by an inspector if a copy of the original FAA Form 8610-2 (with authorizing signature) is attached to the file.

(2)    Present an appropriate computerized test report. All sections of the computer knowledge tests must have been passed within the previous 24 calendar-months.
(3)    Present his or her original of FAA Form 8610-2 from the previous oral and practical tests showing the sections or Areas of Operation failed, not completed, or for which passing credit has expired (mechanic applicants only).
(4)    If the retest is within 30 calendar-days of the previous test, present a statement by a person authorized in § 65.19 that the applicant received additional instruction for each subject failed and the applicant is ready for retesting. This statement of training is required only when the applicant failed portions of the test. This statement of training is not required for Subject Areas not completed on the previous test. (See Figures 6-2N and 6-3G.)

e.    Test in All Required Areas. Test applicants for retest in all areas of the oral and/or practical tests in the section(s) or Area(s) of Operation listed as failed, that was/were not taken, or that has/have expired.

(1)    For the DME: Applicants who apply for retesting within 60 calendar-days to the same DME who gave the failed test may, at the option of the DME, be tested in only the Subject Areas failed on the previous test provided applicant has successfully passed all other Subject Areas within that section. (New questions and practical projects may be included in the retest.) Retest practical projects must be at the same level as failed.
(2)    For the DPRE: Applicants who apply for retesting within 60 calendar-days to the same DPRE who administered the failed test may, at the option of the DPRE, be tested in only the Task(s) failed or that were not taken on the previous test, provided the applicant has successfully passed all other tasks.

Note:  During a retest and at the discretion of the DPRE, any Task may be re-evaluated, including those previously passed.

11.    Evaluating Applicant Performance. Do not expect an applicant to be competent in all phases of overhaul, maintenance, alteration, and repair, or be highly skillful in performing complex manipulative operations. However, expect the applicant to have developed basic skills and be able to demonstrate them during the practical test. Inform the applicant of the level of performance expected before beginning each project. DMEs can find the required performance levels in the PTS. DPREs should inform their applicants that they must demonstrate an approval for return to service proficiency on the assigned tasks.

a.    For the DME. When it becomes obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform at an acceptable level and has already failed:

(1)    Section. When it becomes obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform at an acceptable level and has already failed several Subject Areas in a section, the DME may discontinue testing in that section and go on to the next section. In some cases, however, it may be advantageous to continue to the end of the section so the applicant will know his/her strengths and weaknesses when preparing for retest. After terminating testing in a section, the DME will make an appropriate note in the “REMARKS” area on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2.
(2)  : : Subject Area. When it becomes obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform at an acceptable level and has failed a Subject Area, the DME may discontinue testing in that Subject Area and go on to the next Subject Area. The DME or the applicant may discontinue the testing any time after the failure of a Subject Area. Several Subject Areas may be evaluated during an assigned practical project. In any case, the applicant is entitled to credit for only those Subject Areas satisfactorily completed.

Note:  After terminating testing in a Subject Area, the DME will correctly score the Subject Area and make an appropriate note in the “REMARKS” area on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2. Some examples are located in the figures at the end of this chapter.

b.    For the DPRE. When it becomes obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform at an acceptable level and has already failed:

(1)    Area of Operation. When it is obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform acceptably and has already failed an Area of Operation, the DPRE may discontinue testing in that Area of Operation and go to the next. There is no maximum number of projects the DPRE may evaluate in an Area of Operation. In some cases it may be advantageous to complete an already failed test so the applicant will know his or her strengths and weaknesses when preparing for a retest.
(2)    Tasks. When evaluating an Area of Operation with more than one Task assigned and it becomes obvious during the test that an applicant cannot perform at an acceptable level and has already failed one of the assigned Tasks, the DPRE may discontinue testing in that Area of Operation or go on with the next Task. The DPRE or the applicant may discontinue the testing any time after the failure of a Task. In any case, the applicant is entitled to credit for only those Tasks satisfactorily completed.

Note:  If testing for a certificate/rating was terminated, the DPRE will make an appropriate note listing the Area(s) of Operation and associated Task(s) failed, or not completed, in the “REMARKS” area on the reverse side of the Form 8610-2. Some examples are located in the figures at the end of this chapter.

c.    Standards. Include the following standards in TPE observations for evaluating applicant performance:

(1)    Approach to the project; proper information and tools; preparation of the equipment; and observation of safety precautions;
(2)    Cleaning, preparing, and protecting parts; skill in handling tools; thoroughness and cleanliness;
(3)    The functions of the units or systems of the assigned project; use of current maintenance and/or overhaul procedures;
(4)    Final inspection for safety and operation;
(5)    Completion of required forms and records;
(6)    Application of appropriate rules; and
(7)    Attitude toward safety, manufacturer’s recommendations, and acceptable industry practices.

12.    Conducting the Tests.

a.    Conducting the Oral Test.

(1)    Oral questioning may be used at any time during the practical test.
(a)    For the DME: Ask at least four questions in each Subject Area. These questions should be from more than one element listed under Objective 1 in the PTS for that Subject Area. The applicant must be able to answer successfully 70 percent of the oral questions asked in each Subject Area. Each Subject Area must be passed in order to pass a section.

Note:  Use no more than 10 questions to evaluate a Subject Area.

(b)    For the DPRE: At minimum, quiz the applicant on each knowledge element for each objective in a selected Task. The minimum passing grade is 70 percent of the number of knowledge questions asked in each selected Task. Applicants must pass each Task to pass the Area of Operation. The DPRE is not required to use oral questions for skill-only tasks.
(2)    An applicant’s answers to oral questions must show an understanding of the subject and ability to apply knowledge. Do not allow an applicant’s skill of oral expression or ability to memorize details affect oral test evaluation. If necessary, additional exploratory questions may be used to verify the applicant’s understanding of the subject area, but will not be considered as part of the test.
(3)    To determine if the oral questions are answered correctly, the TPE must be able to reference information (e.g., manufacturer’s data, ACs, CFR). The TPE must be objective in making the determination.
(4)    Although the answers to the oral questions should be available in the CFRs, manufacturer’s maintenance data, or other aviation related data, the applicant must be able to answer successfully all oral questions without the use of any reference materials.

b.    Conducting the Practical Test.

(1)    For the DME: All Subject Areas required for the rating sought must be tested; however, the examiner is not required to test every element in each Subject Area.
(a)    In Subject Areas where core competency is identified (Objective 2 of the Subject Area), the examiner must test the applicant on the core competency element and at least one other skill element selected from Objective 3 of the Subject Area. The applicant must pass each Subject Area to pass a section. The DME may combine two or more Subject Areas within a practical project as needed to facilitate testing. However, the DME must be able to make an objective determination of an applicant’s performance in each Subject Area tested.
(b)    The DME must personally observe all practical projects performed by the applicant.
(c)    The DME must determine if the applicant’s project is acceptable. Be objective in making this determination. The applicant must be able to demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency using basic aircraft mechanic skills. The applicant must demonstrate an approval for return to service standard, where applicable, and demonstrate the ability to locate and apply the required reference materials, where applicable. For instances where an approval for return to service standard cannot be achieved, the applicant must be able to explain why the return to service standard cannot be met (e.g., when tolerances are outside of a product’s limitations).
(d)    The DME must provide all tools, equipment, and reference materials for the Subject Area elements selected. These materials must include, but are not limited to: 14 CFR, TCDSs, Airworthiness Directives (AD), ACs, manufacturer’s technical and parts manuals, service information, and any other instructions and/or reference materials that are necessary for the objective accomplishment of the assigned Subject Area element(s). All reference material must be unmarked and in good condition. The applicant’s use of other reference material, not provided by the DME, is prohibited. Use of non-programmable calculators is permitted where appropriate. Applicants may use personal tools and equipment at the discretion of the DME.
(2)    For the DPRE: The DPRE must test the applicant in each Area of Operation that corresponds with each certificate and/or rating the applicant seeks.
(a)    In areas where a selected Task is identified, the examiner must test the applicant on that Task and may select additional Tasks, if necessary. DPREs must evaluate all selected Tasks in their entirety. The applicant must pass each Area of Operation required for the rating(s) sought.
(b)    The DPRE may combine Areas of Operation and/or Tasks, as needed, to facilitate the applicant in taking the test.
(c)    The DPRE must physically observe all Tasks the applicant performs.
(d)    The DPRE must objectively determine if the applicant’s project is acceptable. The applicant must demonstrate proficiency and competence using basic skills. Where applicable, the applicant must demonstrate an approval for return to service standard, and the ability to locate and apply the required reference materials. For instances where an approval for return to service standard is not achievable, the applicant must explain why the standard cannot be met (e.g., tolerances that are outside the manufacturer’s limitations).
(e)    The DPRE must provide all tools, equipment, and reference materials to support the test. These materials must include, but are not limited to, 14 CFR, ADs, ACs, manufacturer’s technical and parts manuals, service information, and any other instructions and/or reference material that are necessary for the objective accomplishment of the assigned Task(s). All reference material must be unmarked and in good condition. The applicant may not use reference material the DPRE has not provided. The applicant may use nonprogrammable calculators where appropriate. Applicants may use personal tools and equipment at the discretion of the DPRE.
(f)        Examiners must conduct the oral and practical test as follows:

1.    Original Issuance of a Senior Rigger Certificate. The DPRE must select at least one Task from each Area of Operation, except Area VII. In Area III, the DPRE will select the corresponding packing Task for each rating the applicant requests.

2.    Original Issuance of a Master Rigger Certificate to a Noncertificated Applicant (Applicant Not Holding a Senior Certificate). The DPRE must select at least two type rating Tasks (appropriate to the rating sought) from Area of Operation III, two Tasks from Area VII, and at least one Task from each of the other Areas.

3.    Original Issuance of a Master Rigger Certificate to the Holder of a Senior Certificate. If the senior applicant holds two or more ratings and is not requesting any additional rating(s), the DPRE must select one Task from each Area of Operation, except in Area VII where two Tasks are required. In Area III, the DPRE should select one of the alternate packing Tasks, item E, F, or G. The DPRE may, at his/her discretion, require the applicant to demonstrate the packing of any type rating the applicant currently holds. If the senior applicant holds one rating, the DPRE must select one Task from each of the Areas of Operation, except in Area VII where two Tasks are required. From Area III the examiner must select the Task for the type rating the applicant is seeking.

4.    Additional Ratings. For an added rating to either a senior or master certificate, the DPRE must test the applicant from Area of Operation III on the added rating sought. The DPRE may, at his/her discretion, require the applicant to demonstrate any additional Task(s) appropriate to the added rating sought.

13.    Test Planning Sheets Are Required for Each Oral and Practical Test Given. Forward test planning sheets to the managing FAA office with the certification file. Retention of test planning sheets by the managing FAA office is in accordance with FAA Order 1350.15, Records Organization, Transfer, and Destruction Standards. An example of a planning sheet is included in Figure 6-4. Planning sheets developed by the examiner, must contain the information included in the Figure 6-4 example (both sides). The managing FAA office may also require additional information on the planning sheets. Mark the planning sheets for each knowledge (oral) element question and skill (practical) element project that will be assigned. If the planning sheet in Figure 6-4 is used, the TPE must make copies of both sides.

Note:  The applicant’s signature on the planning sheet only verifies the test was given to the applicant and the test times and dates listed are accurate, and the TPE should explain the significance of the signature on the planning sheet.

14.    Recording the Results of Tests. Record the results of oral and practical tests on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2.

a.    For the DME.

(1)    When the applicant has demonstrated an acceptable level of competence, workmanship, and safety in each subject area, check the “PASS” box for that portion of the section (oral or practical test) and enter the expiration date. If the applicant fails, check the “FAIL” box, but do not enter an expiration date when the applicant fails the section. Make all entries in permanent dark ink. See paragraph 17 for procedures to follow if an applicant fails.
(2)    The expiration date for each oral and practical test section is 24 calendar-months after the section is passed. (Example: A test section passed on any day in August 2007 will expire on 08/31/2009.)

b.    For the DPRE. Record the final results of oral and practical tests on the reverse side of Form 8610-2. When the applicant has demonstrated an acceptable level of competence, workmanship, and safety, check the “PASS ” box for that rating, or check the “FAIL” box if the applicant has not demonstrated an acceptable level of competence. Make all entries in permanent ink. See paragraph 17 for procedures to follow if an applicant fails.

Note:  For an incomplete test with no failed task(s), do not check “PASS ” or “FAIL .”

15.    When the Applicant Passes. When the applicant has passed all the required sections of both the oral and practical tests, the TPE who administered the test must:

a.    Complete Reverse Side of FAA Form 8610-2, as follows:

(1)    Date. Enter the date the test was completed, sign the form, and enter his/her designation number in the spaces provided on the reverse of FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals).
(2)    Applicant’s Certification. At the time the temporary airman certificate is issued, require the applicant to complete the “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION ” area on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2 (both originals), following the Designated Examiners Report. Use the “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION ” area to verify the applicant still meets the conditions and requirements of §§ 65.11 and 65.12.

Note:  At the time of issuance of FAA Form 8060-4, the inspector and/or the TPE must request a telephone number where the applicant may be reached during the next 120 calendar-days in the event of application problems. The telephone number must be recorded in the “Remarks ” area on the back of the application. If a telephone number is not available, write “No Telephone .”

b.    Original. Give one original of FAA Form 8610-2 to the applicant.

c.    Temporary Airman Certificate. Prepare FAA Form 8060-4 unless otherwise directed by the managing FAA office. (See Figures 6-2L to 6-2M and Figures 6-3H to 6-3J.) Issue the duplicate copy to the applicant. Forward the original typed copy with the certification file to the managing FAA office. Ensure FAA Form 8060-4 reflects the applicant’s current information. Changes involving the applicant’s name, gender, nationality (including dual citizenship), and/or date of birth must be referred to the managing FAA office.

(1)    Entries for the applicant’s copy may be printed in ink; however, a typed original, signed by the issuing TPE, must accompany the certification file, which must be forwarded to the managing FAA office. The applicant need not sign the copy sent to the managing FAA office.
(2)    The Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760) will issue all original airman certificates with a unique certificate number during the processing of the airman file. The airman’s Social Security Number (SSN) can still be collected on FAA Form 8610-2, but the word “PENDING” must be placed in the certificate number block III of FAA Form 8060-4. If the airman does not wish to provide his or her SSN to the FAA, the applicant must place the words “DO NOT USE ” in the SSN block of the application. Airman certificates presently using the SSN as a certificate number will continue to be issued with that number unless the applicant requests a unique number. If the airman requests a unique number when applying for an added rating, the word “PENDING ” must be placed in the certificate number block of FAA Form 8060-4.

d.    Authorized under § 65.80 (Mechanic Applicants Only). If the applicant has been authorized under § 65.80 to take the oral and practical tests before the computer knowledge tests and passes them:

(1)    Give the applicant a completed and signed original of FAA Form 8610-2. This original will be needed when the applicant applies for a certificate after passing the computer knowledge tests.
(2)    Send the applicant’s other signed original of FAA Form 8610-2 to the managing FSDO within 7 calendar-days. The FSDO will forward the file to AFS-760.
(3)    Do not issue FAA Form 8060-4.
(4)    When the applicant passes the airman knowledge tests, the applicant may present the computerized test report(s) along with an original of FAA Form 8610-2 to the nearest FSDO or an appropriately rated DME. At that time, an FAA Form 8060-4 will be issued with the appropriate ratings. The applicant must complete and sign the “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION” area. The “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION” area and the “FAA INSPECTOR’S REPORT” area are the only entries required. AFS-760 is aware of testing procedures for applicants under § 65.80. Give the applicant a machine copy of the original FAA Form 8610-2 (for use in case the certification file is lost).
(5)    The typed original FAA Form 8060-4, the computerized test report(s), and the original of FAA Form 8610-2 will be forwarded to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days after completion of the file.

e.    Assignment of Seal Symbol – DPRE Only. At the time of initial certification, each parachute rigger will be assigned an identification seal symbol. A FSDO in need of seal symbols will contact AFS-760 and request seal symbols. AFS-760 will send them a list of seal symbols that can be assigned.

Note:  When the current supply of FAA Form 3318, Parachute Rigger Seal Symbol Assignment Card, has been used, FAA Form 3318 will be discontinued.

16.    Applicants Under 18 Years of Age. An applicant who meets the requirements of part 65, except for § 65.71(a)(1) or 65.113, may take the oral and practical tests. For applicants under 18 years of age who have been authorized to take the oral and practical tests and passes them, the temporary certificate will not be issued until the applicant’s 18th birthday. For applicants under 18 years of age:

a.    FAA Form 8060-4. Do not issue FAA Form 8060-4.

b.     FAA Form 8610-2. On the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2, under the “REMARKS ” area put the following statement: The applicant is under 18 years of age. Temporary certificate was not issued. (See Figures 6-2J and 6-3E.)

c.     FAA Form 8610-2 FAA Office Original. Send one original of FAA Form 8610-2 to the managing FAA office.

d.     FAA Form 8610-2 Applicant Original. Give the applicant one original (completed and signed) of FAA Form 8610-2 and the computerized test report(s).

e.    Issuance of FAA Form 8060-4. Instruct the applicant that upon reaching 18 years of age, the applicant may present their original of FAA Form 8610-2 and the computerized test reports(s), to the nearest FAA office or appropriately rated TPE, whereupon an FAA Form 8060-4 will be issued with appropriate ratings. At this time, the applicant certification on the FAA Form 8610-2 must be completed.

f.    Applicant Certification Area. When the applicant reaches 18 years of age and presents the appropriate documents, the inspector or TPE must forward the typed original FAA Form 8060-4; FAA Form 8610-2 after the applicant signs the “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION ” area (this is the original that was returned to the applicant at the time certification testing was completed); and the computerized test report(s), to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days after completion of the file. The “APPLICANT’S CERTIFICATION ” area and the “FAA INSPECTOR’S REPORT ” area are the only entries allowed. AFS-760 is aware of testing procedures for applicants less than 18 years of age. The inspector or TPE must make a copy of the completed FAA Form 8610-2 for the applicant’s records.

17.    When the Applicant Fails. When the applicant has failed all or any part of the oral and practical tests:

a.    Give a Completed and Signed Original of FAA Form 8610-2 to the Applicant. The form will serve as notification of the areas passed, failed, or not completed, and the form must be presented to a TPE for retest. Identify the Subject Area(s)/section(s) or Task(s)/Area(s) of Operation failed and record them in the “REMARKS ” block on the reverse side of the FAA Form 8610-2. Use these subject areas/sections or tasks/Areas of Operation for reference when receiving additional instruction and when the FAA Form 8610-2 is presented for a retest.

Note:  For retest procedures, see paragraph 10d.

b.    Return to the Applicant:

(1)    The computerized test report(s).
(2)     FAA Form 8610-2 (original) from all previously failed oral and practical tests.

c.    Send the Certification File to the Managing FAA Office.

Note:  Do not hold the file until retesting.

18.    Disposition of Files. TPEs must carefully check the FAA Form 8610-2 to ensure that all entries have been properly made. Have the applicant sign their copy of the FAA Form 8060-4. Check the complete certification file before the applicant departs from the testing area.

a.    Attachments. Check the boxes for each required attachment on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2. Record the number of documents in parenthesis following the attachment’s name. (See Figures 6-2F to 6-2K and Figures 6-3C to 6-3F.) The FAA cannot issue a permanent airman certificate unless all required documents are completed and on file to support the issuance of the certificate. AFS-760 will return files without supporting information or required documents.

b.    Files. Files must be forwarded to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days. The managing FAA office will forward the files to Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760), P.O. Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125-4940. On two-page electronic applications not printed on a duplex printer, ensure that the applicant’s full name and date of birth are annotated on the second page, either in the “REMARKS” section or in the top border of the FAA Form 8610-2. This information is required for identification purposes.

c.    Retain Copy. The TPE is encouraged to keep a copy of the FAA Form 8610-2 for a record of oral and practical tests administered.

d.    Applicant Passes. If the applicant passes, the TPE must provide the following:

(1)    To the managing FAA office:
(a)    One original FAA Form 8610-2;
(b)    Computerized test report(s);
(c)    FAA Form 8060-4 (typed original);
(d)    Superseded certificate;
(e)    If retest, statement complying with § 65.19(b), if retest is within 30 calendar-days of previous test;
(f)        Test Planning sheets; and
(g)    If applicable, any attachments (e.g., a statement of additional instruction, directions to the applicants place of residence, or any of attachments required by paragraph 14).
(2)    To the applicant:
(a)    FAA Form 8060-4 (duplicate) if the managing FAA office has authorized the DME to issue FAA Form 8060-4; and
(b)    Original FAA Form 8610-2 (second copy).

e.    Applicant Fails. If the applicant fails, the TPE must provide the following:

(1)    To the managing FAA office:
(a)    One original FAA Form 8610-2;
(b)    If retest, statement complying with § 65.19(b), if retest is within 30 calendar-days of previous test; and
(c)    Test planning sheet.
(2)    To the applicant:
(a)    One original FAA Form 8610-2;
(b)    Computerized test report(s); and
(c)    If retest, FAA Form 8610-2 (original) from previously failed test(s).

f.    Files. See the appropriate paragraphs of this order for handling of files for applicants who are under 18 years of age (paragraph 16) or who take the oral and practical tests before the computer knowledge tests under the provisions of § 65.80. (See paragraph 15.)

19.    Issuance of FAA Form 8060-4 by a TPE When Oral and Practical Tests are Not Administered.

a.    New FAA Form 8610-2. A new FAA Form 8610-2 is not required in the following instance:

(1)    The applicant was under 18 years of age when the required tests were passed. (See § 65.71(a)(1) or 65.113.)
(2)    The applicant passed the oral and practical tests before taking the computer knowledge tests. (See § 65.80.)

b.    Determine the Required Tests Were Passed. When an applicant requests an airman certificate based on passing the tests under any of the conditions listed in paragraph 15, carefully determine the required tests were passed during a 24 calendar-month period. (See § 65.71(a)(3).)

c.    Complete Reverse Side of FAA Form 8610-2. Require the applicant to complete the “Applicant’s Certification ” area on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2 following the “Designated Examiner’s Report .” The “Applicant’s Certification ” area is used to verify the applicant still meets the conditions and requirements of §§ 65.11 and 65.12.

d.    Entries Above the Examiner’s Signature on FAA Form 8610-2. The inspector or TPE issuing FAA Form 8060-4 and submitting the file must not make any entries above the examiner’s signature on the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2 (with the exception of the “Remarks” area). At this time, make the applicant a machine copy (for use in case the certification file is lost).

e.    Applicant Meets §§ 65.71 or 65.113. If the applicant meets § 65.71 or 65.113 for the certificate requested, the TPE must provide the following:

(1)    To the managing FAA office:
(a)     FAA Form 8610-2;
(b)    Computerized test report(s); and
(c)    FAA Form 8060-4 (typed original).
(2)    To the applicant:
(a)    FAA Form 8060-4 (duplicate); and
(b)    A machine copy of the original FAA Form 8610-2 (for use in case the certification file is lost).

20.    Reconstruction of a Lost Certification File.

a.    Copy of FAA Form 8610-2 and FAA Form 8060-4. A copy of the original FAA Form 8610-2 and FAA Form 8060-4 complete with all signatures and dates on both forms is required. If no copy exists, the information that appeared on the original application must be provided on a new FAA Form 8610-2 and FAA Form 8060-4 complete with all signatures and dates (applicant, examiner, and inspector). Ensure that the dates shown on the new application are the original dates of the practice test, etc.

b.    Duplicate Reports. AFS-760 will furnish the duplicate test report(s) provided they are furnished with the approximate date(s) and location(s) of the computer knowledge test(s).

c.    Reconstructed File. In the upper right hand block of FAA Form 8610-2 the wording “Reconstructed File” must appear in RED ink.

d.    Forward Certification File. All information regarding the certification file must be forwarded through the FSDO or IFO to: FAA, Attn: Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760), P.O. Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125‑4940.

Figure 6-1, Instructions for Completing FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

1.    Procedures for Completing FAA Form 8610-2. This figure explains the procedures to be followed when applicants, TPEs, and inspectors complete FAA Form 8610-2.

a.     FAA Form 8610-2. The TPE or inspector must provide FAA Form 8610-2 to the applicant.

b.    Two Originals. The applicant must complete two originals of FAA Form 8610-2 before testing begins.

c.    Detailed Instructions. The TPE or inspector must give detailed instruction(s) for correctly completing FAA Form 8610-2.

Note:  The inspector or TPE must copy Figure 6-1 and provide it to the applicant until FAA Form 8610-2 is revised with written instructions attached.

d.    Use Permanent Dark Ink or Use a Typewriter. All entries on FAA Form 8610-2 must be made with permanent dark ink or typewritten.

Note:  When you make a correction, cross out and initial the mistake. Do not use correction fluid (white out) or correction tape.

e.    Signatures. All signatures must be original, in dark ink, with name printed in dark ink or typewritten below or beside the signature.

f.    Eight-Digit Numeric Characters. All dates must be entered using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 05/05/2002). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as May 5, 2002 or 05/05/02.)

Figure A-1. Privacy Act

2.    Privacy Act. The TPE or inspector must advise the applicant to read the “Privacy Act ” on FAA Form 8610-2. The Privacy Act must be removed before FAA Form 8610-2 is used. (See box above.) On two‑page electronic applications not printed on a duplex printer, ensure that the applicant’s full name and date of birth are annotated on the second page, either in the “REMARKS” section or in the top border of the FAA Form 8610-2. This information is required for identification purposes.

Figure A-2. Top Section

3.    Complete the Top Section. The applicant must complete the top section of FAA Form 8610-2. (See box above.)

a.    “Mechanic ” and “Parachute Rigger ” Boxes. The applicant must check the appropriate box.

b.    Ratings Box(es). The applicant must check the appropriate box(es) for the rating(s) sought (e.g., Airframe and/or Powerplant or Senior/Master, Seat, Back, Chest, and/or Lap).

c.    Check Original Issuance or Added Rating Box. The applicant must check either the “ORIGINAL ISSUANCE” or the “ADDED RATING” box. The “ADDED RATING” box will only be checked when the applicant has an airman certificate and is actually adding a rating to that certificate.

Note:  Line through the rating(s) not applied for unless it is currently held by the applicant. (For an example, see Figures 6-2A and 6-3A.)

Figure A-3. Applicant Information

4.    Block I—Applicant Information. The TPE or inspector must warn the applicant to read the fine print. (See box above.)

a.    Item A—Name (First, Middle, Last).

(1)    The applicant must enter his or her legal name. The applicant’s name must not be changed on the subsequent FAA Form 8610-2 unless it is done in accordance with 14 CFR part 65, § 65.16. If the applicant’s name exceeds the number of characters allowed (50, including spaces), AFS-760 will make necessary changes to allow for computer acceptance.
(2)    If the applicant has no middle name, the applicant must enter “NMI” (no middle initial) or “NMN” (no middle name).
(3)    If the applicant has initial(s) only, the applicant must enter those initials and then enter “Initial Only .”
(4)    If the applicant is a junior, III, IV, etc., the applicant will so indicate.

Note:  If the applicant already has an FAA airman certificate, the name on FAA Form 8610-2 must be the same as the name on the FAA airman certificate unless it is changed in accordance with § 65.16.

b.    Item B—SSN.

(1)    Disclosure of the SSN is optional (see “Privacy Act ”). However, item B cannot be left blank.
(2)    The applicant must either enter his or her SSN or enter one of the following notations: “Do Not Use .” or “None .”

c.    Item C—D.O.B. (Mo., Day, Yr.).

(1)    The applicant must enter all dates using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 07/09/1965). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as July 9, 1965 or 07/09/65.)
(2)    The TPE or inspector must verify the date of birth (D.O.B.). The D.O.B is a problem area.
(3)    If the applicant has other FAA certificate(s), the TPE or inspector must verify that the “D.O.B.” is the same as that entered on the FAA Form 8610-2.

d.    Item D—Height.

(1)    The applicant must enter his or her height in inches. (Example: If the applicant were 5’ 9,” the applicant would enter “69.”
(2)    The applicant will use whole inches only. (Use no fractions.)

e.    Item E—Weight.

(1)    The applicant must enter his or her weight in pounds.
(2)    The applicant will use whole pounds only. (Use no fractions.)

f.    Item F—Hair.

(1)    The applicant must spell out the color of his or her hair or use an abbreviation that cannot be confused with another color.
(2)    Acceptable hair colors are brown, black, blonde, gray, and red.
(3)    If the applicant is bald, enter “Bald .”
(4)    If the applicant is wearing a wig or toupee, enter the color of hair under the wig or toupee.

g.    Item G—Eyes.

(1)    The applicant must spell out the color of his/her eyes or use an abbreviation that cannot be confused with another color.
(2)    Acceptable eye colors are brown, black, blue, hazel, gray, and green.

h.    Item H—Sex.

(1)    If the applicant is a male, he will enter “M.”
(2)    If the applicant is a female, she will enter “F.”

i.    Item I—Nationality (Citizenship).

(1)    The applicant must enter the country in which he or she maintains citizenship. Applicants other than United States citizens will be required to provide proof of nationality (e.g., a current passport) to the FAA.
(2)    Dual citizenship will be accepted. Because of limited space on the permanent certificate, only show one citizenship reference under “Nationality .” Annotate dual citizenship in the “REMARKS” area. (Example: Citizenship: U.S.A./Canada.) The other will be shown as a limitation on the certificate (e.g., dual citizenship includes Canada). Applicants will be required to show proof of dual citizenship to the FAA.

j.    Item J—Place of Birth.

(1)    If the applicant was born in the United States, the applicant must enter the city and state.
(2)    If the city is unknown, enter the county and state.
(3)    If the applicant was born outside of the United States, the applicant must enter the name of the city and country, or province and country. If the applicant was not born in a city and country or a province and country, (e.g., Middle of Atlantic Ocean on the HMS Queen Victoria), that information must be entered in the “Remarks” area.

k.    Item K—Permanent Mailing Address.

(1)    Number And Street, P.O. Box, Etc.—The applicant must enter this information above the first dotted line. This information must not exceed 33 characters, including spaces.
(2)    City—The applicant must enter this information above the second dotted line. The city name must not exceed 17 characters, including spaces. When necessary, the applicant must abbreviate the address (not to exceed 17 characters, including spaces).
(3)    State—The applicant must enter this information above the third dotted line.
(4)    Zip Code—The applicant must enter this information above the third dotted line.

Note:  These directions are not required for APO/FPO type addresses. A post office address is not acceptable for the purpose of applying for an airman certificate, unless the applicant resides on a rural route, a boat, or in some other manner that requires the use of a post office box or rural route for an address. This also includes business addresses, flight school addresses, a personal mail box (PMB), commercial addresses, or other mail drops. The airman may use these addresses as their preferred mailing address; however, the applicant must also include their residence address, map, or written directions to their physical address.

l.    Item L—Have You Ever Had an Airman Certificate Suspended or Revoked?

(1)    The applicant must check either the “Yes ” box or the “No ” box. (A student pilot certificate is a pilot certificate.)
(2)    If the “Yes ” box is checked, refer to §§ 65.11(c), 65.11(d)(2), and 65.12.
(3)    If the TPE or applicant does not understand the requirements of part 65 as it applies to a particular situation, contact the managing FSDO or IFO for clarification and assistance.

m.    Item M—Do You Now or Have You Ever Held an FAA Airman Certificate?

(1)    The applicant must check either the “Yes” box or the “No” box.
(2)    If the applicant checks the “Yes” box, the applicant must make an entry by the “Specify Type” area.
(3)    The types of certificates that must be entered in the “Specify Type ” area are: pilot, mechanic, repairman, etc. (A student pilot certificate is a pilot certificate.)

Note:  An Inspection Authorization (IA), DME, DPRE, etc., are not FAA certificates.

n.    Item N—Have You Ever Been Convicted for Violation of Any Federal or State Statutes Pertaining to Narcotic Drugs, Marijuana, and Depressant or Stimulant Drugs or Substances?

(1)    The applicant must check either the “Yes” box or the “No” box.
(2)    If the applicant checks the “Yes” box, the applicant must make an entry by the “Date of Final Conviction” area. (See § 65.12.)
(3)    If the DME or applicant does not understand the requirements of part 65 as it applies to a particular situation, contact the managing FSDO or IFO for clarification and assistance.

Figure A-4. Certificate or Rating Applied on the Basis of-

5.    Block II—Certificate or Rating Applied for On Basis of — . (See box above.)

a.    Graduate of AMTS. When the applicant is a graduate of an approved AMTS, the applicant must complete block II as follows:

(1)    Item D—Graduate of Approved Course. The applicant will check item D, if he or she is a graduate of an AMTS.
(2)    Item D(1)—Name and Location of School. The applicant will enter the name and location of the AMTS, as shown on the graduation certificate.
(3)    Item D(2)—School No. The applicant will enter the AMTS certificate number.
(4)    Item D(3)—Curriculum From Which Graduated. The applicant will enter the approved curriculum from which he or she graduated, as shown on the graduation certificate.

Note:  To accommodate those students attending an AMTS having separate curriculums who choose to complete the Airframe curriculum and the Powerplant curriculum before testing. Example: The student completes Airframe on 01/15/2002, completes Powerplant on 10/15/2002, and requests to be tested on 10/20/2002. Item D(3) of the FAA Form 8610-2 shows, curriculum completed as “Airframe ,” “Powerplant .” The inspector or DME will attach a copy of all certificates of completion, or make a statement in the “REMARKS” area indicating the date of completion for all certificates.

(5)    Item D(4)—Date. The applicant will enter the date of graduation or the date on the certificate of completion.

Note:  If copies of applicant’s certificates are attached, enter “see attached ” in item D(4). If dates of completion/graduation are used in the “REMARKS” area, enter “see remarks ” in item D(4).

b.    Authorization to Take the Oral and Practical Tests. When the applicant wishes to receive authorization to take the oral and practical tests before taking the computer knowledge test, the following items must be completed:

(1)    Item D—Graduate of Approved Course. The applicant must not check item D. (The applicant has not graduated from an AMTS.)
(2)    Item D(1)—Name and Location of School. The applicant must enter the name and location of the AMTS.
(3)    Item D(2)—School No. The applicant will enter the AMTS certificate number.
(4)    Item D(3)—Curriculum From Which Graduated. The applicant must enter the approved curriculum from which he or she will graduate.
(5)    Item D(4)—Date. The applicant must enter the date he or she will graduate or when the certificate of completion will be issued. The applicant must enter all dates using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 04/20/2002). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as April 20, 2002 or 04/20/02.)
(6)    Item E—Student Has Made Satisfactory Progress and is Recommended to Take the Oral/Practical Test (§ 65.80.) An authorized AMTS official must indicate that the student meets the requirements of § 65.80 by checking item E.
(7)    Item E(1)—School Name-NO. An authorized AMTS official will enter the AMTS’s name and number.
(8)    Item E(2)—School Official’s Signature. The authorizing AMTS official must enter his/her signature above or beside his or her typed or printed name.
(9)    Item F—Special Authorization to Take the Mechanic’s Oral/Practical Test (§ 65.80). After an inspector has reviewed the AMTS record and documents of the applicant and is satisfied that the applicant meets the requirements of § 65.80, item F will be checked.
(10)    Item F(1)—Date Auth. The inspector must enter the date of the authorization.
(11)    Item F(2)—Date Auth Expires. The inspector must enter the date the authorization will expire. The date in item F(2) must never be subsequent to the date appearing in item D(4). The provision of § 65.80 does not apply after the student graduates.
(12)    Item F(3)—FAA Inspector Signature. The inspector must enter his or her signature above or beside his or her typed or printed name.
(13)    Item F(4)—FAA Dist Office. The inspector must enter his or her FSDO or IFO identification (e.g., EA05, NM04).

Note:  DMEs must not administer the mechanic oral and practical tests before the applicant has passed the appropriate mechanic written test, unless items D, E, and F are completed.

c.    When the Applicant is Applying on the Basis of Experience.

(1)    Item A—Civil Experience. If practical experience was gained in civil activity, the applicant will check item A.
(2)    Item B—Military Experience. If practical experience was gained in military activity, the applicant will check item B.

Note:  If practical experience was gained in both civil activity and military activity, the applicant will check item A and item B.

(3)    Item C—Letter of Recommendation for Repairman (Attach copy). An applicant must never check item C.

Figure A-5. Record of Experience

6.    Block III—Record of Experience. (See box above.)

a.    Item A—Military Competence Obtained In (Mechanic Applicants). When the applicant has gained all or part of the required experience in the military, the following items will be completed:

(1)    Item A(1)—Service. The applicant must enter the branch of service where the experience was gained (e.g., Army, Navy).
(2)    Item A(2)—Rank or Pay Level. The applicant must enter his or her highest rank or pay level.
(3)    Item A(3)—Military Specialty Code. The applicant must enter his or her military specialty code (or equivalent depending on the branch of military service applicable).

Note:  Before an applicant will be authorized to take an airman computer knowledge test, an inspector will review the applicant’s documents and records. The applicant’s documents and records must show that the applicant received the required experience in civil activity and/or military activity. The inspector will determine that the applicant is eligible to take the appropriate aviation mechanic computer knowledge test as required by §§ 65.77(a) and 65.77(b) or the parachute rigger computer knowledge test as required by §§ 65.115, 65.117, and 65.119. The inspector who reviews these documents must hold a mechanic certificate with an A&P rating.

b.    Item B—Mechanic Applicants Other Than FAA Certificated School Graduates. List Experience Relating to Certificate and Rating Applied For. (Continue on separate sheet, if more space is needed.)

(1)    When the applicant’s experience was gained in civil and/or military activity, the applicant’s experience will be entered in item B. (See §§ 65.77(a) and 65.77(b).)
(2)    The applicant’s experience must meet the requirements listed in §§ 65.77(a) and 65.77(b).
(3)    The inspector must advise applicants that the experience used to show qualifications must be recorded in item B. The applicant will enter his or her experience as follows:
(a)    Dates—“Month And Year .” The applicant must enter his or her dates of employment using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 01/05/2002). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as January 5, 2002 or 01/05/02.) (Please note, the form does not state the “day” is required; however, the “day” is required by AFS‑760.)
(b)    “Employer And Location.” The applicant will enter the employer’s name and location (city and state) in this area.
(c)    Type Work Performed. The applicant will enter the type of work performed in this area. If not all of the applicant’s experience can be recorded in item B, the applicant may use additional sheets of paper.

Note:  Applicants presenting a Form CG-G-EAE-4, Certificate of Eligibility, reflecting completion of the FAA/Military Certification of Performance of Job Tasks program, must list their total length of military service. The applicant must also include the Issuance Control number from the Form CG-G-EAE-4 under “TYPE WORK PERFORMED.”

(4)    DMEs are not required to review the applicant’s documents and records to verify the experience listed. However, the DME will verify that the applicant has entered sufficient experience on FAA Form 8610-2 to satisfy the experience and time requirements of §§ 65.77(a) and 65.77(b).

c.    Item B—Parachute Rigger Applicants. List Experience Relating to Certificate and Rating Applied For. (Continue on separate sheet, if more space is needed.)

(1)    The applicant’s experience must meet the requirements listed in §§ 65.115, 65.117, or 65.119.
(2)    For a senior parachute rigger applicant, entries into block III, item B, are not required.
(3)    For a master parachute rigger applicant, there must be enough time and experience documented to satisfy the requirements of § 65.119(a) (at least 3 years of experience as a parachute rigger). The experience gained in the military and/or civil activity must be documented in block III. The master parachute rigger applicant must complete the following parts of item B:
(a)    Dates, Month, and Year. The applicant must enter his or her dates of employment in this area. The applicant must enter all dates using eight digit numeric characters with the month, day, and year (e.g., 04/20/2002). Do not use any other format. (Please note, the form does not state the day is required; however, AFS-760 requires the day.)
(b)    Employer and Location. The applicant will enter the employer’s name and location (city and state) in this area.
(c)    Type Work Performed. The applicant will enter the type of work performed in this area. The type of work must meet the experience requirements of § 65.119(b)(1) and/or § 65.119(b)(2). If the applicant is unable to record all of his or her experience in item B, the applicant may use additional sheets of paper.
(4)    It is not necessary for DPREs to see the physical documents and records reflected on Form 8610-2 for applicants to satisfy the experience requirements of § 65.119.

d.    Item C—Parachute Rigger Applicants: Indicate by Type How Many Parachutes Packed.

(1)    Seat, Chest, Back, and/or Lap. Senior and master parachute rigger applicants must indicate the number of parachutes packed in each appropriate box.
(2)    Senior Rigger or Military Rigger. Master parachute rigger applicants must indicate if any of the parachutes were packed as a senior rigger and/or military rigger by checking the appropriate box. A master parachute rigger applicant may have packed the necessary number of parachutes without being either a senior or military rigger. In this case, the applicant may leave the boxes blank.

Note:  A master parachute rigger applicant may have packed the necessary number of parachutes without being either a senior or military rigger.

Figure A-6. Applicant's Certification

7.    Block IV—Applicant’s Certification. (For an example, see box above.)

a.    Before the Applicant Signing Block IV, the Following Must Be Completed:

(1)    Item A—Signature. The inspector will have the applicant review the FAA Form 8610-2 before the applicant signs his or her name. (If the FAA Form 8610-2 was prepared by someone other than the applicant, the applicant should review the FAA Form 8610-2 carefully.)
(a)    The FAA Form 8610-2 must be signed as the applicant normally signs his or her name above or beside his or her typed or printed name.
(b)    For verification purposes, the inspector must require the applicant to provide a current and valid identification issued by a domestic or foreign government entity (state, local, or national) showing a photograph and signature.

1.    A passport, U.S. driver’s license, U.S. military identification may be used for verification. A foreign passport is acceptable, however a foreign driver’s license cannot be used for identification purposes.

2.    The name, number, and expiration date of the document used for verification will be recorded in the “Remarks” area. (See the current edition of Order 8900.2, chapter 6, section 2, paragraph 10.)

(c)    The inspector or examiner must explain that the applicant’s signature is a certification of true and correct information appearing on the FAA Form 8610-2. False statements or false information for which the applicant has signed may be grounds to revoke all FAA certificates he or she may possess.
(2)    Item B—Date. The applicant must enter the date the FAA Form 8610-2 was signed. For applicants graduating from an AMTS, the date of application in block IV must not be earlier than the graduation date in block II(d) (except for applicant’s under § 65.80).

Note:  Before giving the oral and practical tests, the TPE will ask the applicant for identification to re-verify the information shown on the FAA Form 8610-2. If identification has been recorded in the “Remarks ” area, the TPE will initial this to verify the same identification. If identification was not entered in the “Remarks ” area, the TPE will enter this information.

Figure A-7. I Find This Applicant Meets the Experience Requirements of FAR 65 and is Eligible to Take the Required Tests

8.    Block V—I Find This Applicant Meets the Experience Requirements of 14 CFR Part 65 and is Eligible to Take the Required Tests. (See box above.) Before the inspector signs block V, the following must be completed:

a.    Date. The inspector must enter the date the authorization took place. The inspector must enter all dates using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 01/04/2002). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as January 4, 2002 or 01/04/02.)

b.    Inspector’s Signature. The inspector will sign his or her name and print his/her name in this area.

c.    FAA District Office. The inspector will provide the office identifier (e.g., EA05, NM04).

Note:  The block V endorsement must not be restricted to a specific field office or region.

Figure A-8. For FAA Use Only

9.    For FAA Use Only. Applicants and TPEs are to disregard this area. This area is for FAA use only. (See box above.)

Figure A-9. Results of Oral and Practical Tests

10.    Results of Oral and Practical Tests. (See box above.)

a.    The DME Will Annotate Passed/Failed Subject Areas as Follows:

(1)    Enter the Section(s) and Subject Area(s) failed and/or incomplete in the “Remarks” column. (See Figure 6-2G.)
(2)    For all Oral/Knowledge areas and/or Practical/Skill areas passed, enter an expiration date 24 calendar-months from the date of the test. (See Figures 6-2F to 6-3K.)

b.    The DPRE will Annotate Passed/Failed Areas of Operation as Follows:

(1)    When the applicant passes all Areas of Operation for a rating, place an “X” in the appropriate “Pass ” box. (See Figures 6-3C and 6-3E.)
(2)    When an Area of Operation for a rating is failed, place an “X” in the appropriate “Fail” box, and enter the Area(s) of Operation and the Task(s) failed and/or not completed in the “Remarks ” column. (See Figure 6-3D.)

Figure A-10. Designated Examiner's Report

11.    Designated Examiner’s Report. (See box above.)

a.    DME. For details on how a DME completes this area see Figures 6-2F, 6-2G, 6-2H, 6-2I, 6-2J, and 6-2K.

b.    DPRE. For details on how a DPRE completes this area see Figures 6-3C, 6-3D, and 6-3E.

Figure A-11. Applicant's Certification

12.    Applicant’s Certification. (See box above.) This block must be completed by the applicant at the time of the issuance of the FAA Form 8060-4 (see also Order 8900.2, chapter 6, section 2, paragraph 15a).

a.    Have You Ever Had an Airman Certificate Suspended or Revoked?

(1)    The applicant must check either the “Yes” box or the “No” box. (A student pilot certificate is a pilot certificate.)
(2)    If the “Yes” box is checked, refer to §§ 65.11(c), 65.11(d)(2), and 65.12.
(3)    If the DME or applicant does not understand the requirements of part 65 as it applies to a particular situation, contact the managing FSDO or IFO for clarification and assistance.

b.    Have You Ever Been Convicted for Violation of Any Federal or State Statutes Pertaining to Narcotic Drugs, Marijuana, and Depressant or Stimulant Drugs or Substances? The applicant must check either the “Yes ” box or the “No ” box.

(1)    If the applicant checks the “Yes ” box, the applicant must make an entry by the “DATE of Final Con viction” area. (See § 65.12.)
(2)    If the DME or applicant does not understand the requirements of part 65 as it applies to a particular situation, contact the managing FSDO or IFO for clarification and assistance.

Figure A-12. FAA Inspector's Report

13.    FAA Inspector’s Report. (See above and the reverse side of FAA Form 8610-2.)

a.    Approved Box and Disapproved Box. The inspector will not check the “Approved ” box or the “Disapproved ” box unless he or she has personally given the applicant the oral and practical test or if the application and temporary certificate are signed by the ASI. In these cases, “Approved ” or “Disapproved” must be checked by the ASI issuing the temporary airman certificate.

b.    Examined This Applicant’s Papers. The inspector must check only the “Examined This Applicant’s Papers ” box. However, if the inspector is the one that issued the temporary airman certificate, then the “Approved ” box must be checked.

(1)    The inspector must complete the “DATE” box using eight digit numeric characters (e.g., 01/04/2002). (Month, Day, Year.) (The dates must not be entered as January 4, 2002 or 01/04/02.)
(2)    The inspector must sign above or beside his or her typed or printed name in the “Inspector’s Signature” box.
(3)    The inspector will enter his or her managing FSDO or IFO identification in the “FAA District Office ” box (e.g., EA05, NM04).

c.    Parachute Seal Symbol Assigned. The inspector will annotate the parachute seal symbol assigned by the DPRE as annotated in block XIII on the FAA Form 8060-4. (See Figures 6-3H, 6-3I, and 6-3J.)

Figure 6-2A, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

Figure A-1  FAA Form 8610-2. Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

Figure 6-2B, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

(Applicant cannot list all experience required in block III.)

Figure A-2. FAA Form 8610-2.  Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Applicant cannot list all experience required in Block III.

Figure 6-2C, Attachment for FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

(Applicant cannot list all experience required in block III.)

 Attachment for FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

Figure 6-2D, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

(Applicant is a graduate of an AMTS with affiliated computer test center and DMEs.)

Figure A-3.  FAA Form 8610-2. Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.
(Applicant is a graduate of an AMTS with affiliated computer test center and DMEs.)

Figure 6-2E, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application

(Applicant is authorized to take the oral and practical tests before the computer knowledge test.)

Figure A-4.  FAA Form 8610-2. Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.
(Applicant is authorized to take the oral and practical tests before the computer knowledge test.)

Figure 6-2F, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME. All sections passed. Application approved.)

Figure A-5.  FAA Form 8610-2. Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.
(Reverse Side) (Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME.  All sections passed.  Application approved.)

Figure 6-2G, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME. Applicant failed section IV. Application disapproved.)

Figure 6 2G, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME. Applicant failed section IV. Application disapproved.)

Figure 6-2H, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME using PTS. In this pass/fail example, the applicant passes powerplant and fails airframe. Application for the powerplant rating is approved, but the airframe rating is disapproved.)

Figure 6 2H, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME using PTS. In this pass/fail example, the applicant passes powerplant and fails airframe. Application for the powerplant rating is approved, but the airframe rating is disapproved.)

Figure 6-2I, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME. Credit shown for previously passed General section.)

Figure 6-2I.  Form 8610-2.  Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side) (Typical entries for oral and practical tests administered by a DME.  Credit shown for previously passed GENERAL section.

Figure 6-2J, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries when applicant is under 18 years of age)

Figure 6 2J, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical entries when applicant is under 18 years of age)

Figure 6-2K, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical entries when applicant is testing under § 65.80)

Figure 6 2K, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical entries when applicant is testing under § 65.80)

Temporary Certificate Not Issued.

 
Figure 6-2L, FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate

(Original Issuance)

Figure 6 2L, FAA Form 8060 4, Temporary Airman Certificate
(Original Issuance)

Figure 6-2M, FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate

(Reissuance retaining original certificate number)

Figure 6 2M, FAA Form 8060 4, Temporary Airman Certificate
(Reissuance retaining original certificate number)

Figure 6-2N, Example Statement of Additional Instructions

Statement of Additional Instruction

Figure 6 2N, Example Statement of Additional Instructions
Statement of Additional Instruction

Figure 6-2O, Airman Computer Test Report for Aviation Mechanic Airframe (AMA)

Figure 6 2O, Airman Computer Test Report for Aviation Mechanic Airframe (AMA)

Figure 6-3A, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side)

(Typical Entries for Senior Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6 3A, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side)
(Typical Entries for Senior Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6-3B, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side)

(Typical Entries for Master Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6 3B, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Front Side)
(Typical Entries for Master Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6-3C, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical Entries for Senior/Master Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6 3C, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical Entries for Senior/Master Parachute Rigger)

Figure 6-3D, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical Entries for Senior/Master Parachute Rigger When Test is Failed)

Figure 6 3D, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical Entries for Senior/Master Parachute Rigger When Test is Failed)

Figure 6-3E, FAA Form 8610-2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)

(Typical Entries When Applicant is Under 18 Years of Age)

Figure 6 3E, FAA Form 8610 2, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Reverse Side)
(Typical Entries When Applicant is Under 18 Years of Age)

Figure 6-3F, Example Statement of Additional Instruction

Statement of Additional Instruction

Figure 6 3F, Example Statement of Additional Instruction
Statement of Additional Instruction

Figure 6-3G, Airman Computer Test for Parachute Rigger

Figure 6 3G, Airman Computer Test for Parachute Rigger

Figure 6-3H, FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate

(Original Issuance)

Figure 6 3H, FAA Form 8060 4, Temporary Airman Certificate
(Original Issuance)

Figure 6-3I, FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate

(Original Issuance with Superseded Airman Certificate Block Filled In)

Although this is an original issuance, the superseded airman certificate block will be used if the applicant holds a senior parachute rigger certificate.

Figure 6 3I, FAA Form 8060 4, Temporary Airman Certificate
(Original Issuance with Superseded Airman Certificate Block Filled In)

 

Figure 6-3J, FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate

(Reissuance Retaining Original Certificate Number)

Figure 6 3J, FAA Form 8060 4, Temporary Airman Certificate
(Reissuance Retaining Original Certificate Number)

 

Figure 6-4A, Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic Oral and Practical Planning Sheet (Front Side)

Examiners should duplicate the form below (which appears in its entirety) and use it as needed while conducting the oral and practical tests.

Figure 6 4A, Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic Oral and Practical Planning Sheet (Front Side)

Figure 6-4B, Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic Oral and Practical Planning Sheet (Reverse Side)

Figure 6 4B, Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic Oral and Practical Planning Sheet (Reverse Side)

Figure 6-4C, Parachute Rigger Oral/Practical Test Planning Sheet

Figure 6 4C, Parachute Rigger Oral/Practical Test Planning Sheet

Chapter 7. Designated Pilot Examiner Program

Section 1. General

1.    Additional Qualifications. Candidates for designation as a Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE) must be technically qualified and must hold all pertinent category, class, and type ratings for each aircraft for which designation is sought. All DPEs must meet the requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, §§ 61.56, 61.57, and 61.103, as appropriate.

a.    Section 61.58. Except as specifically noted for National Designated Pilot Examiners and Flight Engineer Examiners (NDPE/FEE) in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 10d, all examiners must meet the requirements of § 61.58, if appropriate, and be current and qualified to act as pilot in command (PIC) of each aircraft for which they are authorized throughout the duration of the designation.

b.    Medical Certificate. For designations requiring a medical certificate, the examiner must maintain at least a third-class medical certificate throughout the duration of the designation, except in the case of a designation limited to examining in balloons, gliders, or simulators for which no medical certificate is required.

c.    Flight Instructor Certificate. Any required flight instructor certificate must be kept current for the duration of the designation.

d.    Sport Pilot Examiner. A Sport Pilot Examiner (SPE) must maintain a current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) flight instructor certificate and a valid U.S. driver’s license or an airman medical certificate.

e.    Rotorcraft/Helicopter Designation. In order for a DPE to conduct a practical test in a specific make and model of helicopter, the DPE must have that make and model of helicopter listed on his or her certificate of authority (COA) letter. In order for a DPE to conduct a practical test in a helicopter that requires the PIC to hold the appropriate pilot type rating, the DPE must have that type of helicopter listed on his or her COA letter. Prior to being designated to administer a practical test in a specific make and model/type of helicopter, a DPE must have logged at least 5 hours of PIC flight time in that specific helicopter make and model/type.

f.    Additional Requirements. In addition to meeting the preceding technical qualifications (reviewed by the appointing FAA office) and the general designee eligibility requirements in chapter 2 (reviewed by the National Examiner Board (NEB)), a pilot examiner candidate must meet the following additional requirements, which will be reviewed by the appointing FAA office. The pilot examiner candidate must:

(1)    Have a good record as a pilot and flight instructor in regard to accidents, incidents, and violations. Candidates who have had an airman certificate (i.e., any pilot certificate, flight instructor certificate, ground instructor certificate, mechanic certificate, inspection airworthiness certificate, parachute rigger certificate, etc.) revoked are ineligible. However, as with any prerequisite eligibility requirement, a candidate may be granted a waiver provided that candidate has received a written recommendation from the managers of the jurisdictional Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) and regional Flight Standards division (RFSD), in accordance with the exception provision as set forth in the note in chapter 7, section 1, paragraph 2 and FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 13, Chapter 5, Section 1, paragraph 13‑403D.
(2)    Meet all eligibility and experience requirements for the specific designation sought.
(a)    An examiner must have logged at least 5 hours as PIC in each make and model of multiengine airplane and helicopter, and all aircraft requiring a type rating, in which that examiner conducts tests.
(b)    Glider examiners must show experience and demonstrate skill in aero tow, ground tow and self-launch procedures, or their examining activity will be limited to the launch privileges authorized.
(c)    Private Pilot Examiners (PE) and Commercial Examiners (CE) with balloon designations may have flight time in gas balloons, hot air balloons, or a combination of the two in order to meet the flight time requirements for designation. If the examiner’s pilot certificate is restricted to balloons with airborne heater or gas balloons only, the examiner may conduct practical tests only in that kind of balloon (e.g., hot air or gas balloon).

g.    Former Aviation Safety Inspectors. Former aviation safety inspectors (ASI) applying for DPE authority are required to successfully complete the same application procedures, training, and evaluations as is required for all other examiner candidates. However, the following exceptions are listed below as a former ASI may receive credit for the experiences stated in this paragraph in lieu of the annual PIC currency requirements.

(1)    During the rating and evaluation process, the NEB may credit former ASIs (Operations) 5 hours of PIC currency for each practical test/proficiency check/stage check/end of course check administered toward the annual PIC currency requirement when administered in accordance with the below alternative criteria of this paragraph. For a former ASI (Operations) to receive credit for this alternative criterion, the former ASI (Operations) must show documentation from the FAA national Program Tracking and Reporting Subsystem (PTRS) that substantiates having met this following alternative criterion:
(a)    For each proficiency check that was administered under 14 CFR part 121, 125, or 135, 5 hours of PIC currency within the preceding 12 calendar-months.
(b)    For each proficiency check, 5 hours of PIC currency that was administered to a chief instructor, assistant chief instructor, or check instructor under part 141 within the preceding 12 calendar-months.
(c)    For each stage check and end of course check, 5 hours of PIC currency that was administered under 14 CFR part 141 within the preceding 12 calendar-months.
(d)    For each pilot certification/additional aircraft rating practical test, 5 hours of PIC currency that was administered in accordance with the practical test standards (PTS) under part 61 within the preceding 12 calendar‑months.
(e)    For each pilot certification/additional aircraft rating practical test, 5 hours of PIC currency that was administered in accordance with the PTS under part 141 within the preceding 12 calendar-months.
(f)        For each pilot certification/additional aircraft rating practical test, 5 hours of PIC currency that was administered in accordance with the PTS under 14 CFR part 142 within the preceding 12 calendar-months.
(2)    During the rating and evaluation process, the NEB may, in lieu of the annual PIC currency requirements or the alternative criteria stated in this paragraph (e.g., 5 hours of PIC currency credit for each practical test administered), permit former ASIs (Operations) to substitute the following alternative criteria of this paragraph. For a former ASI (Operations) to receive credit for this alternative criterion, the former ASI (Operations) must show documentation from the FAA’s national PTRS that substantiates having met this alternative criterion (i.e., Recurrent Training, Practical Test, and General Activity alternative criteria):
(a)    Recurrent Training.

1.    A former ASI (Operations) must have attended the annual designee meeting held by the appointing FAA office within the preceding 12 calendar-months.

2.    Within the preceding 2 years, a former ASI (Operations) must have completed the Recurrent Pilot Examiner Standardization Seminar.

(b)    Practical Test. Within the preceding 12 calendar-months, a former ASI (Operations) must have demonstrated knowledge and skill appropriate to the designation and authorizations to be renewed by satisfactory completion of an annual practical test (demonstration of competency) to a qualified ASI.
(c)    General Activity. Within the preceding 12 calendar-months, a former ASI (Operations) must have met one of the following general practical test activity plus the multiengine airplane renewal requirement (if qualification in a multiengine airplane is appropriate for the designation):

1.    Conducted at least 10 certification or aircraft rating practical tests in airplanes.

2.    Conducted at least five certification or rating practical tests in helicopters, gyroplanes, gliders, free balloons, or airships, as appropriate.

3.    Conducted at least five instrument rating practical tests.

4.    Conducted at least five airline transport pilot (ATP) practical tests.

(3)    Multiengine Airplane Authorizations. Within the preceding 12 calendar-months, the former ASI (Operations) must have conducted at least five multiengine airplane rating practical tests in each make and model of airplane for the multiengine airplane designation sought.

2.    Specific Eligibility Requirements. Examiners must meet all specific eligibility and experience requirements for the specific designation sought (Figure 7-1).

Note:  If an examiner candidate does not meet all of the appropriate eligibility requirements, as set forth in this order, the candidate must obtain a written recommendation from the managers of the managing FSDO and RFSD. The examiner candidate can contact the managing FSDO for additional information.

Note:  If adding Sport Pilot Examiner (SPE) or Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Examiner (SFIE) privileges in a category of aircraft for which the examiner already holds private examiner privileges, the examiner need not meet the requirements in Figure 7-1 below.

Figure 7-1, Specific Eligibility Requirements for Sport Pilot Examiners

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

AIRPLANE

GYROPLANE

GLIDER

CERTIFICATES REQUIRED

Sport pilot or

Private Pilot

(or higher) or Recreational Pilot

Flight Instructor

Sport pilot or

Private Pilot

(or higher) or Recreational Pilot

Flight Instructor

Sport pilot or

Private Pilot

(or higher)

Flight Instructor

CERTIFICATE CATEGORIES

Airplane privileges or SEL, as appropriate

Gyroplane category

Glider category

RATINGS

SEL, as appropriate, and meet § 61.101(c) requirements

Gyroplane privileges or rotorcraft-gyroplane rating, as appropriate, and meet § 61.101(c) requirements

Glider privileges or rating

HOURS AS PIC

500

250 in light sport airplanes, which includes 50 in past year

500

250 in gyroplanes, which includes 50 in past year

250

100 in gliders, which includes 10 hours and 10 flights in past year

HOURS AS FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR

200 at least 100 in light sport airplanes

200 in gyroplanes

100 at least 50 in gliders

Figure 7-1, Specific Eligibility Requirements for Sport Pilot Examiners (Continued)

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

BALLOON

WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROL

POWERED PARACHUTE

AIRSHIP

CERTIFICATES REQUIRED

Sport pilot or Private Pilot

(or higher)

Flight Instructor or Commercial Pilot

Sport pilot or Private Pilot

(or higher)

Flight Instructor

Sport pilot or Private Pilot

(or higher)

Flight Instructor

Sport pilot or Private Pilot

(or higher)

Flight Instructor

CERTIFICATE CATEGORIES

Lighter-than-air

 

 

Lighter-than-air

RATINGS

Balloon privileges or rating

Weight Shift Control privileges or rating

Powered Parachute privileges or rating

Airship privileges or rating

HOURS AS PIC

200

100 in balloons, which includes at least 20 hours and 10 flights that were of at least 30 minutes duration in past year

500

250 in weight shift control, which includes 50 in past year

250

100 in powered parachute, which includes 25 in past year

200

100 in airships, which includes 20 in past year

HOURS AS FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR

100 in airships

200 at least 100 in weight shift control

100 at least 50 in powered parachute

100 in airships

Figure 7-2 Specific Eligibility Requirements for Pilot Examiner Designees

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

AIRPLANE

ROTORCRAFT

GLIDERS

L-T-A AIRSHIPS

L-T-A BALLOON

CERTIFICATES REQUIRED

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Commercial pilot

CERTIFICATE CATEGORIES

Both with airplane

category

Both with rotorcraft category

Both with glider category

Lighter-

than-air

Lighter-

than-air

RATINGS

Both with appropriate airplane class ratings

Instrument¾ Airplane on pilot certificate only

Helicopter or gyroplane class ratings as appropriate

 

Airship class rating

Balloon class rating

HOURS AS PIC

2,000

1,000 in airplanes, which includes 300 in past year

300 in airplane class

100 at night

1,000

500 in rotorcraft, which includes at least 100 in past year

250 in helicopters or 150 in gyroplanes, as appropriate

500

200 in gliders, which includes 10 in past year of at least 10 flights

1,000

500 in airships, which includes at least 200 in past year

50 night

200

100 in balloons, which includes 20 in past year of at least 10 flights each of 30 minutes duration

HOURS AS FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR (as a CFI or MFI)

500 in airplanes

100 in class

200 in helicopters or gyroplanes as appropriate

100 in gliders

100 in airships

50 in balloons

10 in past year

Figure 7-3. Specific Eligibility Requirements for Commercial Pilot Examiner Designees

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

AIRPLANE

ROTORCRAFT

(VFR ONLY)

GLIDERS

L-T-A AIRSHIPS

L-T-A

BALLOON

CERTIFICATES REQUIRED

 

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Commercial pilot

CERTIFICATE

CATEGORIES

 

Both with rotorcraft category

Both with glider category

Lighter-than-air

Lighter-than-air

RATINGS

 

Helicopter or gyroplane class ratings, as appropriate

 

Airship class rating

Balloon class rating

HOURS AS PIC

 

2,000

500 in rotorcraft, which includes at least 100 in past year

250 in helicopter or 150 in gyroplanes, as appropriate

If applicable, 100 in large helicopters, including 50 in type helicopter sought and 25 in each additional type sought

500

250 in gliders, which includes at least 20 in past year of at least 50 flights

2,000

500 in airships, which includes at least 200 in past year

50 at night

200

100 in balloons, which includes at least 20 in past year of at least 10 flights each of at least 30 minutes duration

Held a Commercial Pilot Certificate¾ Balloon for at least 1 year

HOURS AS FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR (as CFI or MFI)

 

200 in helicopters or gyroplanes, as appropriate

50 in helicopters or gyroplanes, as appropriate, preparing pilot for a Commercial Pilot Certificate

200

100 in gliders

100 in airships

50 in balloons

10 past year

Figure 7-4 Specific Eligibility Requirements for Commercial and Instrument Rating Examiner and Airline Transport Pilot Examiner Designees

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

TYPE OF CIRE DESIGNATION

TYPE OF ATPE DESIGNATION

AIRPLANE & INSTRUMENT

HELICOPTER & INSTRUMENT

AIRPLANE

HELICOPTER

CERTIFICATES REQUIRED

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Commercial pilot

Flight instructor

Airline transport pilot

Flight instructor

Airline transport pilot

Flight instructor

CERTIFICATE CATEGORIES

Both with airplane category

Both with rotorcraft category

Both with airplane category

Both with rotorcraft category

RATINGS

Both with appropriate airplane class ratings and instrument-airplane

Helicopters class ratings; instrument helicopter

Both with appropriate airplanes’ class ratings and instrument privileges on ATP and instrument-airplane on CFI certificate

Both with helicopter-ratings and instrument privileges on ATP and instrument- helicopter on CFI certificate

HOURS AS PIC

2,000

1,000 in airplanes, which includes 300 in airplanes past year

500 in class of aircraft

100 at night in airplanes

200 complex airplanes

100 instrument flight (actual or simulator)

If applicable, 300 in large turbine-power airplanes, including 50 in type sought and 25 in each additional type sought

2,000

500 in helicopters, which includes 100 in helicopter past year

100 instrument flight (actual or simulator)

If applicable, 100 in large helicopters, including 50 in type sought and 25 in each additional type sought

2,000

1,500 in airplanes, which includes 300 in airplanes past year

500 in class of aircraft

100 at night in airplanes

200 complex airplanes

100 instrument flight (actual or simulator)

If applicable, 300 in large turbine-power airplanes, including 50 in type sought and 25 in each additional type sought

2,000

1,200 in helicopters, which includes 100 in helicopters past year

100 instrument flight (actual or simulator)

If applicable, 100 in large helicopters, including 50 in type sought and 25 in each additional type sought

HOURS AS FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR

(as a CFI or MFI)

500 in airplanes

100 in class of airplane

250 instrument flight instruction time including 200 in airplanes

250 in helicopters

50 instrument flight instruction time in helicopters

100 preparing pilots for Commercial Pilot-Helicopter

250 in airplanes

100 in class of airplane

250 instrument flight instruction time, including 200 in airplanes

150 preparing pilots for Commercial Pilot or ATP with airplane category or type rating or instrument-

airplane rating

250 in helicopter

50 instrument flight instruction time in helicopters

100 in helicopters preparing pilots for Commercial Pilot or ATP with helicopter class or type rating or instrument-

helicopter rating

3.    Types of Designation. Pilot examiners are designated for specific testing functions. Examiners may perform only the functions authorized by their designations. Pilot examiner designations have been aligned to conform with part 61 certificates and ratings.

a.    Sport Pilot Examiner/Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Examiner (SPE/SFIE). Examiners may perform testing only in aircraft that meet the definition of light sport aircraft. An examiner may issue a sport pilot certificate or flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating, as applicable. The FAA Light Sport Aviation Branch (AFS-610) will authorize which functions an examiner can conduct.

b.    Private Pilot Examiner (PE). A PE conducts private and recreational pilot certification tests and additional aircraft rating tests as specifically authorized.

c.    Commercial and Instrument Rating Examiner (CIRE). A CIRE conducts commercial pilot certification tests, instrument rating practical tests, and additional aircraft rating tests as specifically authorized for airplanes, powered-lifts, and rotorcraft-helicopters.

d.    Commercial Pilot Examiner (CE). A CE conducts commercial pilot certification tests in rotorcraft, gliders, lighter-than-air aircraft, and additional ratings as specifically authorized.

e.    Air Transport Pilot Examiner (ATPE). An ATPE conducts ATP practical tests for the original issuance of an ATP certificate and additional ratings as specifically authorized. ATPEs must hold category and class, and, if appropriate, type ratings on their pilot certificates pertinent to the tests to be conducted.

f.    Flight Instructor Examiner (FIE). An FIE, as authorized by the managing FSDO, conducts practical tests for the original issuance, renewal, and reinstatement of flight instructor certificates and ratings. An FIE is authorized to issue flight instructor renewals or reinstatements on the basis of practical tests only.

g.    Flight Instructor Renewal Examiner (FIRE). An FIRE is authorized by the managing FSDO to accept applications for renewal of a flight instructor certificate that is still current and where the renewal process is merely administrative (meaning, a practical test is not required for renewal of the applicant’s flight instructor certificates). The examiner must identify himself/herself as an FIRE on the FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, when processing certified flight instructor (CFI) renewals.

h.    National Designated Pilot Examiner and Flight Engineer Examiner (NDPE/FEE). An NDPE/FEE conducts airman certification practical tests and proficiency tests in vintage/former military airplanes that are identified and listed as vintage airplanes under the NDPE/FEE program.

i.    Flight Engineer Examiner (FEE). A person authorized to conduct flight engineer certificates and ratings (for other than part 121 or 125 purposes) to applicants who qualify in accordance with 14 CFR part 63.

j.    Pilot Proficiency Examiner (PPE). A PPE conducts the PIC proficiency checks required by § 61.58 for airmen who act as PIC of aircraft that require two or more pilots and are operated under other than parts 121, 125, 127, or 135. A PPE does not conduct certification practical tests.

k.    Airman Certification Representative (ACR). An ACR accepts applications for airman certificates and/or ratings from the graduates of a pilot school that holds appropriate examining authority under part 141. An ACR employed solely by a flight instructor refresher clinic (FIRC) reviews applicants’ attendance/training records and determines applicants’ eligibility for the renewal of a current flight instructor certificate. A current DPE is authorized to perform ACR duties and responsibilities for any airman certificate or rating. A DPE who performs ACR duties and responsibilities is not required to have his or her COA letter revised in order to perform ACR duties and responsibilities. The eligibility and experience requirements for the ACR position are covered in chapter 7, section 18. The examiner must identify himself/herself as an ACR on the FAA Form 8710-1 application when processing CFI renewals.

l.    Military Competency Examiner (MCE). The MCE reviews a military pilot’s records, verifies computer test reports of the military competence knowledge test, and issues commercial pilot certificates and instrument ratings to qualified military pilot applicants as specifically authorized (e.g., § 61.73). The MCE may issue/upgrade pilot certificates bearing type ratings based on the applicant’s military pilot qualifications. The eligibility and experience requirements for the MCE position are covered in chapter 7, section 20.

m.    Foreign Pilot Examiner (FPE). An FPE may issue private pilot certificates and ratings at the private pilot certification level on the basis of an applicant’s foreign license qualifications. The FPE reviews applicants’ records, verifies computer test reports for the Foreign Pilot Instrument knowledge tests, and issues private pilot certificates to qualified foreign applicants in accordance with § 61.75. The eligibility and experience requirements for the FPE position are covered in chapter 7, section 20.

Note:  Refer to chapter 7, section 21 for guidance information on the issuance of the U.S. pilot certificate based on a person holding a foreign pilot license.

n.    Military Competency/Foreign Pilot Examiner (MC/FPE). The eligibility and experience requirements for the MC/FPE position are covered in chapter 7, section 20.

(1)    The MC function of the MC/FPE designation reviews a military pilot’s records, verifies computer test reports of the military competence knowledge test, and issues commercial pilot certificates and instrument ratings to qualified military pilot applicants as specifically authorized (e.g., § 61.73). The MC function may issue/upgrade pilot certificates bearing type ratings based on the applicant’s military pilot qualifications.
(2)    The foreign pilot function of the MC/FPE designation issues restricted private pilot certificates and instrument ratings based on an applicant’s foreign license qualifications (e.g., § 61.75).

o.    Ground Instructor Examiner (GIE). A GIE reviews an applicant’s knowledge test report for the issuance of a Ground Instructor Certificate for the basic, advanced, or instrument ratings, as specifically authorized (as per §§ 61.213 and 61.215). The eligibility and experience requirements for this examiner candidate are covered in chapter 7, section 20.

Note:  Except for NDPE/FEEs, an evaluation of competency as a pilot examiner and a COA letter for each specific make and model of multiengine airplane, helicopter, powered-lift, turbine powered airplane, and large aircraft are required for initial authorization to conduct practical tests in these aircraft. The examiner candidate may demonstrate competency in an aircraft or in a Level C or D flight simulator if the simulator used is representative of the aircraft to be authorized by the examiner candidate’s designation. In order to conduct a test in a simulator, the examiner must hold a type rating for the type of aircraft represented by the simulator if the represented aircraft requires a pilot type rating. For initial NDPE/FEE authorization, an examiner holding a current COA letter need complete only one evaluation of competency in a vintage airplane to show competency for all vintage airplanes within that airplane grouping. An NDPE/FEE must hold a current § 61.58 proficiency check in at least one vintage airplane.

4.    Practical Test. The practical test for initial examiner designations, issuance of additional designations, and renewal of examiner designations must contain both the appropriate oral questioning and aircraft/flight simulator performance in accordance with the PTS. A complete pretest, preflight, and postflight briefing must be completed for any practical test.

5.    Additional Designations. The examiner must hold the certificate and rating(s), without limitation, appropriate to the additional designation sought. Additionally, the examiner must meet the appropriate flight experience required for initial designation of the examining authority desired.

Note:  If adding SPE or SFIE privileges in a category of aircraft for which the examiner already holds private examiner privileges, the examiner need not meet the requirements in Figure 7-1.

a.    Requirements. Except for placing an additional grouping of vintage airplanes on an existing NDPE/FEE authorization, each additional designation requires a demonstration of competency appropriate to the aircraft or simulator and the designation sought.

(1)    When a designation is added, a new certificate of authority showing all designations held will be issued to the examiner. The examiner’s current designation number will be used.
(2)    At the time a new designation is added, the examiner’s existing designation(s) may be renewed.
(3)    The Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) may request that an additional grouping of vintage airplanes be placed on an existing NDPE/FEE authorization at any time the EAA deems the addition(s) necessary to provide adequate national resources for the NDPE/FEE program.
(a)    The EAA will make the request in writing to the General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS‑800).
(b)    AFS-800 will approve or disapprove the request.

b.    Test Criteria for Additional Designations. Although all required maneuvers and procedures from the appropriate PTS must be tested for an initial designation, testing on the same maneuvers and procedures for an additional designation need not be repeated if the new designation is to be added within 12 months of the initial evaluation. For example, if an examiner candidate is evaluated simultaneously for both PE and CIRE—Airplane designations and the examiner candidate satisfactorily completes all of the maneuvers and procedures for the PE designation, then only those maneuvers and procedures which differ for the CIRE designation need be evaluated. However, if 12 calendar-months or more have elapsed since the examiner candidate was evaluated for a PE designation, then the examiner candidate must be tested on all maneuvers and procedures appropriate to a CIRE designation in order to qualify for the additional designation.

6.    Examiner COA Letters. Examiners who are authorized to conduct practical tests in multiengine airplanes, helicopters, powered-lifts, turbine-powered airplanes, large aircraft, vintage airplanes, and each FAA qualified flight simulator will be issued a special authorization in the form of a COA letter.

a.    Helicopters, Type rated Aircraft, Flight Simulators, Multiengine Airplanes, and Single-Engine Airplanes.

(1)    For DPEs who are authorized to administer practical tests in helicopters that do not require the PIC to hold a type rating, the COA letter must list each make and model of helicopter. Prior to being designated to administer a practical test in a specific make and model of helicopter, a DPE must have logged at least 5 hours as PIC flight time in that helicopter make and model.
(2)    For DPEs who are authorized to administer practical tests in aircraft that require the PIC to hold a pilot type rating, the COA letter must list that type of aircraft. Prior to being designated to administer a practical test in an aircraft that requires the PIC to hold the appropriate pilot type rating, the DPE must have logged at least 5 hours of PIC flight time in that aircraft type. However, in the case of an examiner on the National Designated Pilot Examiner Registry (NDPER), that examiner, when performing NDPER privileges, need only hold authorization in that group of experimental aircraft.
(3)    For DPEs who are authorized to administer practical tests in a flight simulator that is representative of an aircraft that requires the PIC to hold a pilot type rating, the phrase “Flight Simulator-[Aircraft type]” should be listed on the DPE’s COA letter.
(4)    For DPEs who are authorized to administer practical tests in a piston-powered multiengine airplanes or turbo propeller multiengine airplanes that do not require the PIC to hold a pilot type rating, the phrase “Small Multiengine Airplanes” must be listed on the DPE’s COA letter. Prior to being designated to administer a practical test in a small multiengine airplane, the DPE must have logged at least 5 hours of PIC flight time in that multiengine airplane make and model.
(5)    For DPEs who are authorized to administer practical tests in single-engine airplanes that do not require the PIC to hold a pilot type rating, the phrase “Airplane Single Engine [Land or Sea (as appropriate)]” must be listed on the DPE’s COA letter. Prior to being designated to administer a practical test in a single engine airplane that is turbine powered, the DPE must have logged at least 5 hours of PIC flight time in that single-engine airplane make and model (emphasis added: turbine-powered single-engine airplanes).

b.    Vintage Airplanes. A separate NDPE/FEE COA letter, stating the aircraft grouping in which the NDPE/FEE is authorized to conduct certification practical tests and proficiency checks under the provisions of the NDPE/FEE program, will be issued to each NDPE/FEE by AFS-800.

(1)    There is no specific limit to the number of vintage airplanes for which an NDPE/FEE may receive authorization.
(2)    Due to the nature of vintage airplanes, some of which are rarely flown, the EAA may request that an examiner be authorized in numerous types of vintage aircraft to ensure sufficient national availability of NDPE/FEEs (Figure 7-5).

Figure 7-5, Vintage Airplane Groups

The following airplanes are identified as vintage airplanes under the provisions of the NDPER program:

GROUP A

GROUP D

GROUP E

GROUP F – Land & Sea

AD-4N

C‑46

C‑82

SK-43

G-TBM

C‑47

CV-240

SK-44

G‑F3

DC‑2

CV-340

CV-PBY

 

DC‑3

CV-440

G-111

GROUP B

DC-B18

DC-A20

G‑73

B‑17

DC-B23

DC-A24

SA-16

B-247

HW-500

DC-B26

 

FO‑5

L‑14

DH‑4

GROUP G

B-307

L‑18

FA-119

VC-700

 

LB-34

FA-C123

VC-800

GROUP C

PV‑1

L-P38

 

B‑24

PV‑2

M-202

 

B-377

 

M-404

 

CV-LB30

 

M-B26

 

CV-P4Y

 

N-B25

 

DC‑4

 

NH-P61

 

DC‑6

 

L-P2V

 

DC‑7

 

CV-PBY (land only)

 

L-1049

 

G-111 (land only)

 

 

 

G-73 (land only)

 

 

 

G‑S2

 

 

 

G‑52

 

 

 

G-F7F

 

c.    Interim Authorization. If a pilot examiner is qualified and current in a specific make and model of aircraft for which examiner services are rarely requested and the examiner holds a current examiner authorization for a comparable type of multiengine airplane, the FSDO may issue the examiner an interim COA letter authorizing onetime testing privileges in that airplane. The COA letter must state the aircraft make and model, restrictions (if any), and the expiration date. The expiration date of the COA letter is determined by the FSDO manager but must not exceed 30 days from the date of issuance.

d.    Infrequently Requested Aircraft. The FSDO may elect not to issue a COA letter to a pilot examiner for a specific make and model of aircraft that the FSDO has received infrequent requests for certification practical tests in that particular type of aircraft. In the case of an infrequently requested aircraft, the FSDO may assign an ASI to conduct certification practical tests in that aircraft.

Section 2. Conduct Practical Test/Certification Functions

7.    General. Examiners must conduct the entire practical test in English using a written plan of action developed from the Examiner Test Guide (Figure 7-8A to 7-8G) and appropriate PTS. The plan of action includes a scenario. The examiner must develop a scenario that allows the evaluation of most of the Areas of Operations and Tasks required in the practical tests with minimum disruptions. Some maneuvers (stalls, steep turns, performance maneuvers) are not normally done during routine flight operations. These maneuvers still must be demonstrated. It is preferable that these maneuvers be demonstrated after the scenario is completed. But, practical test scenario can be suspended to do maneuvers, and then resumed, if the situation, due to time and efficiency of the practical test dictates so. The examiner must conduct the practical test in accordance with the appropriate regulations, PTS, operating limitations of the aircraft, and procedures prescribed in the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM). Examiners must not use, or ask the applicant to use, procedures contrary to those specified by the AFM. Under no circumstances may an examiner intentionally allow an applicant to violate a regulation, fail to comply with an air traffic control (ATC) clearance, or create a potentially hazardous situation. Practical tests not conducted in accordance with the applicable PTS, regulations, and safe operating practices may be invalid and may be grounds for termination of the examiner’s designation. If an examiner becomes aware of a procedure in any AFM that is potentially hazardous or contrary to FAA policies, the examiner should notify the managing FAA office.

a.    Personal Prejudices. An examiner must not allow personal prejudices to interfere with the objective evaluation of an applicant. If a personality conflict or disagreement develops between the examiner and the applicant before any unsatisfactory performance by the applicant, the examiner or the applicant may discontinue the practical test. In this case, the examiner issues a letter of discontinuance.

b.    Appointments. An examiner is expected to honor appointments unless special circumstances warrant cancellation or postponement. If the cancellation or postponement is at the examiner’s request, it is the examiner’s responsibility to reschedule the practical test. If an examiner cancels a practical test without rescheduling, the examiner should recommend another examiner or instruct the applicant to contact the managing FAA office. The managing FAA office will provide the names of other examiners in the district or may arrange to conduct the practical test if the applicant requests it.

c.    Test Environment. The examiner must conduct the oral portion of the practical test in a private area free from distractions. The examiner must give the applicant his/her undivided attention during the test and ensure that any discussion of test results with the applicant is in private. However, by mutual agreement from both the applicant and the examiner [emphasis added: both the applicant and the examiner must agree], the applicant’s flight instructor or the school’s chief instructor or assistant chief may be allowed to be present during the practical test.

d.    English Language Skill Standards. All practical tests will be conducted in English. The examiner must comply with the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC) 60-28, English Language Skill Standards Required by 14 CFR Parts 61, 63, and 65, and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Level 4 Language Proficiency Criteria (Figure 7-6) to ensure that applicants meet regulatory requirements. If the applicant is unable to read, speak, write, and understand the English language in accordance with the criteria listed in this paragraph, the examiner must terminate the practical test and refer the applicant to the managing FAA office.

e.    Evaluating Single Pilot Resource Management (SRM) Skills. Emphasis must be placed on evaluating SRM skills including judgment and aeronautical decision-making skills. New flight training and evaluation methods have been developed to enhance these skills in order to reduce general aviation accidents. New techniques and methods for measuring the applicant’s SRM skills are also needed to ensure the SRM skills are being mastered. Scenarios are the recommended method for both training and evaluating SRM skills. Developing a scenario that will effectively evaluate all required tasks of an appropriate PTS may present a challenge to the examiner, for that reason this section is added.

(1)    What is a scenario? Air Carriers call them Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT); the military call them sorties. There are at least two requirements for a scenario. The mission must have a purpose (reason to go) and consequences if the mission is not completed. Scenarios, as typically used in flight training, is setting up a set of circumstances that can be used to teach a specific (canned) response to a in-flight event. For example, an engine failure—pitch for best glide, etc. The method may be effective in teaching a critical response to the single-engine engine failure but it does not promote the development of critical thinking skills and would not be useful in evaluating them. This example may be effective in evaluating a response to an emergency situation but is would not allow an examiner to observe the SRM skills of an applicant. For a practical test, a scenario is a single mission that it planned and carried out. That mission, plus trigger events that the examiner implements during the flight, should allow the applicant to demonstrate most of the Areas of Operations and Tasks required in the practical tests with minimum disruptions.
(2)    For the purpose of training and evaluating SRM skills:
(a)    A scenario is a flight that the applicant can and may do with the certificate or rating he/she is seeking. For example, the Private Pilot applicant is planning a flight to an airport 50 miles away to pick up his mother-in-law and fly her to another town to attend his wife’s graduation and then fly them both back to the original departure airport for a celebration. The scenario described above has a purpose; that is, to take the applicant and his mother-in-law to his wife’s graduation and the celebration following. It will also very likely have consequences if the flights are not accomplished; that is, the wife and mother-in-law will never forgive the applicant.
(b)    The scenario should be something that the applicant may want to do and it should provide opportunities to complete the various tasks required in the appropriate PTS. If the scenario is something the applicant is likely to do, it is likely that the applicant will take a real interest in making the flight and will not simply treat it as a training exercise.
(c)    The scenario should be a complete flight that includes the planning, the flight, and the post-flight phases appropriate for the certificate or rating being sought.
(3)    The scenario should allow the evaluation of the appropriate required Area of Operations, Tasks, and SRM skills during the course of the scenario with minimum disruptions. In other words, develop a scenario that incorporates as many of the required tasks as you can within a realistic setting. This statement is not meant to limit or restrict the examiner’s plan of action, but rather it should be considered a goal for the examiner to strive for. Fewer interruptions will enhance the quality of the evaluation and provide a better testing environment for the applicant to demonstrate his/her aeronautical skills (both SRM and psychomotor). Many factors may cause a need to suspend the scenario to accomplish required tasks. For example, the scenario calls for a flight over a duck pond to count the number of ducks (turns around a point). The examiner may suspend the scenario to accomplish other maneuvers, such as the climb to altitude and demonstrate stalls, while they are at a place where the other tasks or maneuvers can be done safely and efficiently. Many required tasks are not normally conducted during a normal flight mission (i.e., steep turns); therefore, these tasks are more appropriately done during a break in the scenario. It is desirable to include situations within the basic scenario that would accommodate most tasks and maneuvers. Keep in mind that trigger events will likely alter the flight planned by the applicant and several required Areas of Operation may fit in the altered flight. For example, a trigger event prompts the applicant to divert to a short strip with an obstacle. In this case, a trigger event that leads to a diversion; would be built into the examiner’s plan of action but not provided to the applicant for flight planning if the applicant is to be evaluated on the aeronautical decision-making (ADM) skills to respond to a problem and take appropriate actions. Because there are numerous possible responses to a given situation, the examiner will need to consider the possible responses the applicant may apply to an event. For example, the examiner has given the applicant an alternator failure and the applicant has decided to divert to the nearest airport. The airport the applicant has decided to use is not an airport that allows the examiner to accomplish the type of approach or type of landing the examiner wanted to accomplish next. The plan of action must allow the applicant to make a decision on an event or situation that has occurred, the trigger event, and then carry that decision to a logical conclusion. Since malfunctioning equipment, typically, does not repair itself, the airplane must land. For the sake of this discussion, the decision to divert was good and the choice of airports was okay, but not necessarily the best choice. The applicant’s decision should be graded on the whether or not the applicant achieved an appropriate safe outcome and that the outcome was never in doubt, not on whether the applicant chose to do what the examiner would have chosen.
(4)    Whether or not the aircraft should land, where it should land, and how quickly the aircraft should land are often matters of judgment. Judgment assessment matrices are being incorporated into each PTS to assist the examiner in evaluating the applicant’s SRM skills as objectively as possible. The judgment assessment matrix is called a rubric. A rubric is simply a method of evaluating a complex task as objectively as possible. In addition, Appendix C contains a judgment assessment matrix for each PTS. The matrices in Appendix C also include a reverse side that examiners can reference for minimum performance standards for the task and use to take notes. The examiner should make copies of this matrix and use it during each practical test. It is designed to be folded and held on a clipboard for ease of use.
(5)    The Judgment Assessment Matrix is to be used as a checklist where the examiner circles or marks one of two courses of action an applicant may take for each of the six SRM tenets within each of the Areas of Operation.
(a)    The possible courses of action are “unacceptable” or “acceptable.” “Unacceptable course of action” is defined as the action that the applicant made is unacceptable given the dynamics of the flight environment. An unacceptable course of action could put the safety of the flight in jeopardy. “Acceptable course of action” is defined as the action of the applicant is satisfactory and best given the dynamics of the flight environment.
(b)    The six SRM tenets are:

·    Task management (TM),

·    Risk management (RM),

·    Automation management (AM),

·    Aeronautical decision-making (ADM),

·    Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) awareness, and

·    Situational awareness (SA).

(c)    For each Area of Operation in the PTS, the applicant can take either an unacceptable or acceptable course of action for the task being evaluated. The examiner should judge use of resource management for each of the resource management areas. For each Area of Operation, mark the column for the course of action that best describes the applicant’s decision during that phase of the evaluation. In order to pass, all decisions made by the applicant must be acceptable. The definitions of the SRM tenets are provided on the judgment assessment matrix. All appropriate Areas of Operation and subtasks, as well as space for the written discussion of the appropriate courses of action, are provided on the reverse side.
(6)    Develop a plan of action that, as much as practical, covers all required Areas of Operation and Tasks, and provide the examiner the opportunity to evaluate the applicant’s SRM skills. The technique for evaluating SRM skills is to introduce an event or situation, called an event trigger, which requires the applicant to consider the event and/or take some action. One way the examiner can control the applicant’s range of options or choices is to present the event or situation at a position/time where the choice, decision to divert for example, the desired airport is the only reasonable choice. The examiner may need to create and provide additional circumstances that would limit the applicant’s choices. For example, an airport’s runway is closed for repair. This circumstance should be a part of the initial planning factors and should not be a surprise provided during the execution of the diversion. Failure by the applicant to consider these factors during the flight would be a factor the examiner considers in the evaluation. Note that advanced avionics may make it difficult for the examiner to provide realistic and consistence additional circumstances. For example, the examiner wants to eliminate one or more airports as potential diversion airports by providing weather that is below minimums; however, during the decision process the applicant obtains an updated weather report through the installed advanced avionics that gives good weather reports for the airports involved. On the other hand, the applicant’s SRM skills may not be satisfactory, if the applicant fails to use the advanced avionics or other sources of information during the decision process. Most likely this evaluation will depend on the how much time the applicant has to make the decision.
(7)    How to develop a scenario for evaluating an applicant’s aeronautical skills. The discussion thus far has addressed the reasons and considerations of a scenario but now it is time to discuss how to develop a scenario. The process should begin with the development of a list of the required tasks, including the SRM tasks, in accordance with the appropriate PTS. Next, create a scenario that will encompass as many of the required tasks as you can. The scenario should include the reason or purpose of the flight. If the purpose of the flight cannot be tailored to a specific applicant, it must be at least realistic. This is to entice the applicant to strive to complete the scenario, which should lead to a more realistic evaluation of the applicant’s SRM skills. The scenario will need to include the trigger events that will ensure that the pilot demonstrates the required Tasks and cause the applicant to take some action that will allow opportunities to evaluate SRM skills. Revise the scenario as needed to make this a workable plan of action. Finally, produce the written plan of action. Examiners should develop multiple scenarios for each practical test they are authorized to conduct. Instructors and applicants soon find out that an examiner gives the same test over and over. They will then prepare for that test, which defeats the purpose of the applicant making decisions and demonstrating SRM. PTS scenarios should be tweaked periodically to ensure that the applicant does not know exactly what will happen during the practical test, just like in real flight operations.
(8)    Additional information and guidance on SRM training and evaluation may be found on the FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Web site at http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/.

8.    Testing Applicants Trained by the Examiner. Except as noted in paragraphs 8a, 8b, and 8c below, an examiner who trains an applicant for a certificate or rating may only test that applicant if another instructor has given the applicant at least 3 hours of flight instruction and is the recommending instructor (1.5 hours if the test is in a glider or balloon; 1.0 hours if the test is in a powered parachute; 2.0 hours if the test is in all other light sport aircraft categories). An examiner may also test an applicant trained by that examiner for an additional aircraft class rating if the applicant has obtained the written recommendation of another CFI who has personally checked the applicant and found the applicant prepared for the practical test.

a.    FIE. An FIE may test an applicant trained by that examiner for a flight instructor certificate or rating if the examiner obtains written permission from the jurisdictional FSDO. In the case of a test to be conducted outside the United States, the examiner must obtain the permission of the managing FAA office/region.

b.    ATPE. An ATPE may test an applicant trained by that examiner for an ATP certificate or rating if the examiner obtains the written permission of the jurisdictional FAA office. In the case of a test to be conducted outside the United States, the examiner must obtain the permission of the managing FAA office/region.

c.    NDPE/FEE. In cases where an NDPE/FEE is the only readily available instructor qualified in a rare airplane, the NDPE/FEE may conduct a certification practical test for an applicant trained by that examiner if the examiner obtains permission from the NDPE/FEE manager, General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591, telephone number (202) 267-8212.

9.    Examiner Limitations.

a.    Altered/Amended Certificate. An examiner must not alter or amend any pilot or instructor certificate. Applicants who have passed tests for additional ratings must be issued a new FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate. Ratings, shown on a restricted pilot certificate (e.g., issued per § 61.75) must not be included on an issued FAA Form 8060-4 for a standard airman certificate unless the previously shown ratings include the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”

b.    Authorized Aircraft. An examiner must not conduct a practical test in any aircraft for which the examiner does not hold a category, class, and, if appropriate, aircraft type rating or authorization. An examiner must not conduct a practical test in any multiengine airplane, vintage airplane, helicopter, powered-lift, turbine-powered aircraft, or large aircraft other than those shown on a COA letter.

c.    Medical Flight Tests. Unless specifically authorized by the managing FAA office, an examiner must not accept an application for an airman certificate or rating from an applicant requiring a special medical flight test. Such applicants should be referred to a managing FAA office.

d.    English Language Requirement. An examiner is not authorized to issue an airman certificate with the limitations “Not Valid For Flights Requiring the use of English ” or “Not Valid For Flights Requiring the use of Radio .” A certificate with such limitations can only be issued by an FAA office when based on FAA Form 8500-15, Statement of Demonstrated Ability (SODA). If the deficiency is not due to a medical reason, the applicant is not eligible for the certificate. Only the FAA office may remove the English language limitation.

e.    Restricted U.S. Airman Certificate Issued on the Basis of a Foreign License. Unless specifically authorized by the managing FAA office, an examiner must not accept an application for the original issuance of a pilot certificate on the basis of a foreign pilot license. Refer to chapter 7, section 21 for guidance on the issuance of U.S. pilot certificates based on a foreign-pilot license.

f.    Certificates Issued on the Basis of U.S. Military Competence. Unless specifically authorized by the managing FAA office, an examiner must not accept an application for the original issuance of a pilot certificate on the basis of U.S. military competence.

g.    Airman Knowledge Tests. A DPE may not be involved in conducting or monitoring any portion of airman knowledge tests.

10.    Status of Examiners During Practical Tests. An examiner conducts a practical test to observe and evaluate an applicant’s ability to perform the procedures and maneuvers required for the certificate or rating sought. The examiner is not PIC of the aircraft during a practical test unless the examiner agrees to act in that capacity by prior arrangement with the applicant. The FAA strongly recommends that an examiner not agree to act as PIC of a flight during a practical test.

a.    Physical Location of the Examiner During a Practical Test.

(1)    An examiner must accompany the applicant in the aircraft during all practical tests in accordance with § 61.45(b)(1)(iii). Except for conducting practical tests in an aircraft that requires a pilot flightcrew of two or more, as provided in paragraph 10c that follows, an examiner is expected to be physically located in the other pilot crewmember station when conducting a practical test in an aircraft that only requires one pilot crewmember. However, it is acceptable for an examiner to give the practical test from a designated jump seat or place in the cabin from which the applicant can be adequately observed, provided another pilot who is qualified to act as the PIC occupies the other pilot crewmember station. This kind of arrangement is permitted provided the examiner agrees. For an examiner to agree to such an arrangement, such factors as aircraft seating configuration; the examiner’s personal knowledge of the person proposing to occupy the other pilot crewmember station; and the examiner’s own skills, recent experience, and qualifications should be considered. However, it is normal procedure and expected that the examiner occupy the other pilot crewmember station.
(2)    When an examiner agrees to give the practical test from a designated jump seat or place in the cabin from which the applicant can be adequately observed, the examiner must conduct a preflight briefing with the applicant and the other pilot about safety precautions, procedures, duties, and responsibilities of each crewmember before beginning the flight portion of the practical test.
(3)    For sport pilot examinations, an SPE must accompany the applicant in the aircraft during all practical tests in accordance with § 61.45(b)(1)(iii) unless the aircraft only has one seat. If the applicant presents a single-seat aircraft, the examiner can proceed with the practical test. The pilot will have a limitation placed on his or her sport pilot certificate, which limits operation to a single-seat light sport aircraft; he or she will not be authorized to carry passengers. The examiner must refer to the appropriate PTS to ensure the required maneuvers are performed for single pilot aircraft.

b.    Examiner Station in an Aircraft Requiring a Flightcrew of Two or More. During practical tests given on aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more, the examiner should give the practical test from a designated jump seat or place in the cabin from which the flight can be adequately observed. When an examiner conducts a practical test from a jump seat or station in the cabin, a pilot who is qualified to act as PIC in that aircraft must occupy a pilot seat.

(1)    This arrangement allows the examiner to devote full attention to the practical test rather than being involved with performing the duties of a flight crewmember. It also allows the examiner to assess the command ability of the applicant and to observe crew coordination.
(2)    This is not intended to preclude an examiner from electing to occupy a pilot seat during the practical test. Consideration should be given to such factors as aircraft seating configuration, the examiner’s personal knowledge of the person proposing to occupy the pilot seat, and the examiner’s skills, recent experience, and qualifications.

c.    Examiner Elects to Serve as a Required Crewmember. Examiners must observe special considerations when electing to serve as a required flight crewmember during a practical test. In addition to being appropriately rated and holding a current medical certificate, the examiner must also be current in accordance with §§ 61.55, 61.56, 61.57, 61.58, and 14 CFR part 91, § 91.109(c), as applicable. Due to liability considerations, the FAA strongly recommends that examiners not conduct practical tests in which they will serve as a required crewmember.

d.    NDPE/FEE. An NDPE/FEE must meet the requirements of all applicable regulations, including § 61.58, to conduct a practical test from the pilot seat of a vintage airplane except in unusual circumstances where no qualified and current examiners are available for that aircraft.

(1)    When there are no qualified and/or current examiners available for a vintage aircraft, the best qualified NDPE/FEE may apply to the NDPE/FEE manager, in AFS-800, for a COA letter to conduct the required tests.
(2)    Except as stated in subparagraph (1), under no circumstances may an NDPE/FEE conduct a practical test from the pilot seat of a vintage airplane unless that examiner is qualified and current to act as PIC of that aircraft.
(3)    An NDPE/FEE may conduct a practical test from the jump seat of a vintage airplane in which the examiner is qualified but not current if:
(a)    The examiner is type rated in the airplane,
(b)    The examiner is authorized as an NDPE/FEE to give practical tests in that airplane,
(c)    The examiner holds the current § 61.58 proficiency check in any vintage airplane, and
(d)    A qualified and current PIC occupies a pilot seat.
(4)    The NDPE/FEE does not need a current § 61.58 proficiency check in the vintage airplane in which the test is to be conducted if the test is conducted from the jump seat and all conditions in subparagraph 10d(3) are met.
(a)    The applicant and the qualified/current PIC must be thoroughly briefed by the NDPE/FEE regarding PIC responsibilities, the respective duties of each participant during the flight, and the procedures to be used during the test.
(b)    All three pilots must understand the briefing and be in agreement regarding PIC responsibility and all of the points covered in the briefing.
(5)    For single-seat vintage/former military airplane examinations, the examiner may observe the practical test from the ground. The examiner must refer to the appropriate PTS to ensure the required maneuvers are performed for single pilot aircraft.

e.    Other Commercial Flying. If an examiner administers a practical test from a jump seat or cabin station of an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more, or from a pilot seat of an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of only one pilot, flight time accrued as an examiner is not deemed to be other commercial flying with respect to the flight and duty time limitations stated in parts 121, 125, and 135. However, if an examiner serves as a required crewmember during a practical test on an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more, that flight time is deemed to be other commercial flying.

11.    Carriage of Passengers During Practical Tests. The practice of carrying persons other than those participating in the practical test must be limited to individuals who have a legitimate interest in the practical test.

a.    Authorized Persons. Persons who may be carried during a practical test include:

(1)    Persons preparing for a similar practical test.
(2)    Authorized instructors assigned to similar flight training activities.
(3)    The applicant’s instructor.
(4)    Examiners who are authorized to conduct similar practical tests or examiner candidates.
(5)    Chief pilots or instructors for flight schools and corporate operators.
(6)    Owner/operators of the aircraft.
(7)    ASIs.

b.    Unauthorized Persons. Examples of unauthorized persons are non-flying relatives of the applicant, persons not involved in a flight training program, non-flying employees, or friends of the owner/operator.

c.    Consent for Passenger Carriage. The carriage of authorized persons must have the consent of the applicant, the examiner, and the owner/operator.

d.    Additional Crewmembers. In some aircraft, tasks such as simulated equipment failures or emergency procedures may make it momentarily difficult for the flightcrew and the examiner to maintain good vigilance to situations outside the aircraft. In such cases, the examiner may request that a qualified observer be provided to assist in maintaining a constant watch for other air traffic.

12.    Aircraft Used for Practical Tests. An applicant for an airman certificate or rating must furnish an airworthy aircraft appropriate for the certificate or rating sought. At the examiner’s discretion, this includes U.S. military aircraft, certain experimental aircraft that can be identified as a category and class of aircraft (if class of aircraft is appropriate) under § 61.5, or properly certificated aircraft of foreign registry.

a.    Experimental Aircraft. An applicant may request a practical test in an experimental aircraft. The aircraft may be certificated as amateur-built or for exhibition purposes. An examiner may conduct a practical test in such experimental aircraft provided that all the following conditions are met:

(1)    The examiner is willing to conduct the test.
(2)    The applicant is not prohibited from accomplishing the required tasks by the operating limitations issued for the experimental aircraft.
(3)    If the experimental aircraft is not capable of performing all required tasks, another aircraft of the same category, class, and type, as appropriate, must be provided for those tasks that cannot be accomplished in the experimental aircraft.

b.    Self-launching Gliders. Aircraft that have been certificated as gliders with self-launching capability cannot be used for a practical test for an airplane category. There are no dual airplane/glider category designations. The examiner can determine the category of an aircraft by examining the aircraft airworthiness certificate or Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS).

c.    Aircraft Limitations. A limitation will be placed on an applicant’s pilot certificate if the applicant provides an aircraft that has operating characteristics that preclude it from performing all the tasks required during the practical test (per § 61.45(b)(2)). However, this situation and the kind of aircraft to be used must be specifically identified and approved by the FAA, General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), at 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591 (phone: (202) 267-8212) or the Light Sport Aviation Branch (AFS-610) in Oklahoma City, OK (phone: (405) 954-6400) for experimental light sport aircraft, on a case-by-case basis.

(1)    For the record, The FAA generally disapproves the use of such aircraft, but it may grant approval on a case-by-case basis. The approval is only given as a reasonable accommodation to an applicant with a disability requiring such accommodation.

Note:  For example, in the past, AFS-800 has approved the Ercoupe for use in a practical test. Persons seeking to use an Ercoupe for a practical test would receive the limitation “Limited to Ercoupe Without Rudder Pedals.”

(2)    In accordance with § 61.45(f), a practical test may be conducted in a light sport aircraft that has a single-pilot station with certain limitations. The practical test for a sport pilot certificate can be conducted from the ground by an examiner, provided the examiner agrees to conduct the single-seat aircraft practical test, is in a position to observe the operation of the aircraft, and evaluate the proficiency of the applicant. Finally, the examiner must ensure that the practical test is conducted in accordance with the Sport Pilot PTS for single-seat aircraft. Upon successful completion of the practical test, the following limitation will be placed on the sport pilot certificate: “NO PASSENGER CARRIAGE AND FLIGHT IN A SINGLE-PILOT STATION AIRCRAFT ONLY.” Only an examiner or an ASI is authorized remove the limitation. This can be accomplished when the sport pilot takes a practical test in a two-place light sport aircraft and conducts additional tasks identified in the PTS. It can also be accomplished if the sport pilot completes the certification requirements for a higher certificate, rating, or privilege in a two-place aircraft. A sport pilot who is issued a certificate with a single-seat limitation must complete a flight review, as required by § 61.56. If the flight review will be accomplished in an aircraft, it must be in an aircraft with a minimum of two seats, in which the pilot is rated, and with an authorized instructor that is current and qualified to act as PIC.

d.    Public Aircraft. In accordance with Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.) § 40102(a)(41), public aircraft are aircraft owned and operated by a state government, the District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States or a political subdivision of one of those governments, except as provided in 49 U.S.C. § 40125(b). Title 49 U.S.C. § 40125(b) provides, in pertinent part, that an aircraft described in 49 U.S.C. § 40102(a)(41)(A), (B), (C), or (D) does not qualify as a public aircraft under such section when the aircraft is used for commercial purposes or to carry an individual other than a crewmember or a qualified non-crewmember.

(1)    Public aircraft that do not hold an FAA airworthiness certificate are not authorized for use in a practical test. A pilot may not use a public aircraft that does not hold an FAA airworthiness certificate for a practical test or for maintaining recency of experience under part 61.
(2)    In accordance with Public Law (PL) 106-424, Sec. 14, Crediting of Law Enforcement Flight Time, if a pilot for a Federal, state, county, or municipality law enforcement agency is engaged in a law enforcement flight activity in a public aircraft, the pilot may log that flight time for the purposes of § 61.51(a)(1) and (2). However, in accordance with PL 103-411 and 49 U.S.C. § 40102, a public aircraft is not authorized to be used for the purposes of receiving pilot training for the furtherance of a certificate, rating, or recency of experience or for conducting a practical test for an airman certificate or rating.
(3)    The prohibition on conducting a practical test in a public aircraft does not apply to military aircraft. An acceptable U.S. military aircraft is one that is under the direct operational control of the U.S. military (e.g., Regular, Reserve, National Guard, or U.S. Coast Guard) forces. Former U.S. military aircraft that are not under the direct operational control of the U.S. military forces may not be used for practical tests, unless the aircraft holds a U.S. airworthiness certificate and can be identified as a category and class of aircraft (if class of aircraft is appropriate) under § 61.5. U.S. military aircraft or former U.S. military aircraft used by an applicant for a practical test must be capable of performing all operations and tasks required by the PTS. The applicant must not be restricted from accomplishing the required maneuvers and procedures by military directives or aircraft limitations.
(a)    The examiner must advise an individual who requests a practical test in a U.S. military aircraft that the applicant must provide a letter from the commanding officer or the operations officer of the U.S. military organization having jurisdiction over that aircraft. The letter must state that the applicant is authorized to use the aircraft for a practical test from the FAA and that all maneuvers required for the test are authorized to be conducted in the aircraft.
(b)    Without the official, original letter accompanying the application, an examiner must not conduct any part of a practical test involving a U.S. military aircraft/simulator.
(c)    A clear understanding of responsibility between the examiner and the U.S. military organization must be maintained so that no question of accident or injury claim liability exists.
(4)    An area of concern is the administration of an ATP certification practical test in a large U.S. military aircraft for which there is no civil counterpart (for example, F-4, A-10, T-38, and UH-60). Tests may be given in such aircraft even though an aircraft type rating is not concurrently issued. The aircraft must be able to perform all flight maneuvers and all equipment must be functional before flight. Additionally, the aircraft must be properly equipped to accommodate an examiner. If an examiner receives a request for a practical test in a U.S. military aircraft for which there is no civil counterpart, the examiner must coordinate with the managing FAA office to ensure that all aircraft requirements are met and that the correct limitations for the certificate are determined. There are provisions for practical tests in vintage/former U.S. military aircraft under the NDPE/FEE program.

13.    Aircraft Equipment. Except as provided by § 61.45(b)(2), an aircraft furnished for a practical test by an applicant must have the equipment required to accomplish each Area of Operation on the practical test. The applicant may need to use two or more aircraft to accomplish all of the practical test requirements (for simulated instrument flight, see the additional requirements of § 61.45(e)(2)).

a.    Adequate Visibility. The aircraft must have pilot seats with adequate visibility for safe operation and, when the examiner conducts the test from a jump seat, have cockpit and outside visibility adequate for the examiner to evaluate the applicant’s performance.

b.    View Limiting Device. During the practical test for an instrument rating or other certificates/ratings requiring a demonstration of instrument proficiency, the applicant must provide equipment, satisfactory to the examiner, which prevents flight by visual reference.

c.    Required Controls. An aircraft (other than lighter-than-air) must have engine power and flight controls that are easily reached and operable in a conventional manner by both pilots, as provided by § 61.45(c), unless the examiner determines that the practical test can be conducted safely without them.

d.    Aircraft with Single Controls. At the discretion of the examiner, an aircraft furnished by the applicant may have a single set of controls. Tests for the addition of aircraft category, class, or aircraft type ratings to private and commercial pilot certificates may be conducted in single-control aircraft under the provisions of § 61.45(e).

e.    Aircraft with Stability Control Augmentation Systems. Some aircraft are equipped with stability and augmentation systems which are designed to operate at all times when the aircraft is in flight. Aircraft equipped with such devices may be used on practical tests if they are operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and the appropriate operating limitations.

14.    Flight Simulators, Flight Training Devices, and Personal Computer-Based Aviation Training Devices.

a.    Flight Simulators/Flight Training Devices. All flight simulators and flight training devices (FTD) used for training or testing during a practical test must be qualified and approved in accordance with § 61.4(a).

b.    Basic Aviation Training Devices and Advanced Aviation Training Devices. Qualification and Approval of basic aviation training devices (BATD) and advanced aviation training devices (AATD) are not authorized to be used for a practical test. BATDs or AATDs are only authorized for use for training and in accordance with the current edition of AC 61-136, FAA Approval of Basic Aviation Training Devices (BATD) and Advanced Aviation Training Devices (AATD).

15.    Engine Shutdown on Multiengine Airplanes During the Practical Test.

a.    Preflight Discussion Item. An examiner who conducts a practical test in a multiengine airplane must discuss methods of simulating engine failure with the applicant during the required preflight briefing. The examiner and the applicant must discuss and follow the aircraft manufacturer’s recommended procedures.

b.    Feathering Propellers. An appropriately equipped airplane must be provided by the applicant.

(1)    The feathering of one propeller must be demonstrated in flight in multiengine airplanes equipped with propellers which can be feathered and unfeathered. However, as is the case for all practical tests, the PTS requires that the applicant bring an aircraft that is “capable of performing all appropriate tasks for the certificate or rating and have no operating limitations that prohibit the performance of those tasks.”
(2)    If due to environmental considerations the feathering demonstration cannot be safely performed, a letter of discontinuance must be issued.
(3)    A propeller that cannot be unfeathered during the practical test must be treated as an emergency.
(4)    Feathering and engine shutdown must be performed at altitudes, in areas, and from positions where safe landings on established airports can be readily accomplished.

c.    Simulated Engine Failure. At altitudes lower than 3,000 feet above the surface, simulated engine failure must be performed by adjusting the throttle to simulate zero thrust. This safety provision does not negate the PTS that requires testing of the task “Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative” 3,000 feet above the surface.

16.    Structure of the Practical Test. The practical test consists of a demonstration of aeronautical knowledge and skill. The two demonstrations are not intended to be separate tests. They should be conducted concurrently.

a.    Number of Practical Tests Per Day. A DPE may not conduct more than 2 practical tests in 1 calendar-day (i.e., midnight to midnight), unless that DPE has received specific written permission from the supervising FAA office. Initial tests, re-tests, discontinuances, or continuations of practical tests are all considered practical tests, and the DPE must have received specific written permission from the supervising FAA office to do more than 2 practical tests in any 1 calendar-day.

b.    Sport DPE. A Sport DPE may conduct 2 sport pilot practical test or 1 CFI practical test in one calendar-day. In this context, a practical test means a certificate action that is completed (i.e., issuance of FAA Form 8060-4, FAA Form 8060-5, or a letter of discontinuance).

c.    Demonstration of Aeronautical Knowledge. The demonstration of aeronautical knowledge consists of a question and answer exchange between the examiner and the applicant. The knowledge which should be tested is identified in the applicable PTS and part 61. It is required that the oral portion of the practical test precede the flight/simulator portion of the practical test.

(1)    Trick questions should be avoided. The correct answers to all questions must be available in the regulations, AFM, or other references listed in the applicable PTS.
(2)    The examiner should maintain a relaxed atmosphere. The examiner must not give an applicant training during the practical test. If the applicant consistently gives incorrect, confused, or unrelated answers to the examiner’s questions, a notice of disapproval of application must be issued. An applicant must meet the acceptable standards of knowledge on each task.
(3)    It is not uncommon for only one or two incorrect answers to require the issuance of a notice of disapproval during the oral portion of a practical test. For example, an applicant may be asked a scenario kind of question to explain his/her actions on a cross-country flight. If the applicant were to state that an ATC clearance is not required for operation in Class B airspace then it may be appropriate for an Examiner to allow the applicant to complete his/her explanation. The examiner should then follow up with another scenario kind of question about operations into Class B airspace to determine whether the applicant’s knowledge was satisfactory or unsatisfactory. If after that question the examiner is certain that the applicant’s knowledge is unsatisfactory or incomplete, then the practical test would be terminated and a notice of disapproval should be issued. This same example could apply to scenario based questions that produce incorrect responses about visual flight rules (VFR) weather minimums, aircraft limitations, etc.

d.    Airman Knowledge Test Report. An examiner conducting a practical test must note the failed areas coded on the applicant’s knowledge test report to identify possible deficiencies which may affect the applicant’s flight performance. Examiners should have a current copy of AC 60-25, Reference Materials and Subject Matter Knowledge Codes for Airman Knowledge Testing. The instructor must endorse the applicant’s logbook or training record attesting that the applicant has received the required training. In accordance with chapter 5, paragraph 2, applicants will be tested individually and separately.

Note:  An example where simultaneous testing may be permitted is a practical test for an aircraft type rating for a Learjet 35 type rating (meaning an aircraft that requires two pilot crewmembers) that involves two applicants graduating from an FAA-approved course.

e.    Demonstration of Aeronautical Skill. The demonstration of aeronautical skill is the flight/simulator portion of the practical test where the applicant demonstrates flight proficiency for the certificate or rating sought.

(1)    The PTS details the Areas of Operation and tasks required for the certificate or rating. If the applicant does not meet the standards of performance of any task performed, the Area of Operation is failed and, therefore, the practical test is failed. The applicant is not eligible for the certificate or rating until the failed Area of Operation is passed on a subsequent test.
(2)    The examiner or the applicant may discontinue the test at any time when the failure of a required Area of Operation makes the applicant ineligible for the certificate or rating sought. If the test is discontinued, the applicant must receive credit for only those Areas of Operations which were successfully performed. With the consent of the examiner, the applicant may also elect to continue the test after failing a required task. The applicant must receive credit only for those Areas of Operations which are satisfactorily completed.
(3)    The examiner will evaluate the applicant’s ability throughout the practical test to use good ADM procedures in order to evaluate risks. The examiner will accomplish this requirement by developing scenarios that incorporate as many PTS tasks as possible to evaluate the applicants risk management in making safe aeronautical decisions. For example, the examiner may develop a scenario that incorporates weather decisions and performance planning.

17.    Practical Test Discontinuance. Environmental, mechanical, or personal situations can occur which could cause the test to be discontinued. In such cases, the examiner should assure the applicant that he/she has not failed the practical test and should attempt to reschedule the test as soon as possible. Some of the reasons for discontinuance of a practical test are weather, mechanical problems, or incapacitation of the applicant or examiner after the test has begun.

a.    Incomplete Practical Test. On the day of the practical test, if extenuating circumstances occur, the examiner may elect, with the applicant’s concurrence, to begin the test anyway with the intention of completing the test at a later date. However, when the test is discontinued, the applicant must be issued a letter of discontinuance.

b.    Letter of Discontinuance. When a practical test is discontinued for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, 8710-1 or Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application – Sport Pilot, and the knowledge test report (if applicable) should be returned to the applicant. At that time, the examiner signs and issues a letter of discontinuance identifying the portions of the practical test that the applicant successfully completed. The examiner should retain a copy of the letter (Figures 7-9A and 7-9B).

(1)    Within 60 calendar-days of the original date of application, the applicant may use the letter to show an examiner which portion of the practical test was successfully completed. The letter must be included in the applicant’s certification file.
(2)    When more than 60 calendar-days have elapsed since the original date of application, the examiner must test the applicant on all Areas of Operation required for that certificate or rating.

Note:  A letter of discontinuance does not extend the validity of a knowledge test.

c.    Examiner Authority to Reexamine. Whenever the examiner has reason to doubt the applicant’s competence in areas for which the applicant received credit during a previous practical test, the examiner must reexamine the applicant on all Areas of Operation required for that certificate or rating.

18.    Repeating Maneuvers on Practical Tests. A completed unsatisfactory maneuver may not be repeated. The criteria for allowing the repeat of a maneuver are contained in the applicable PTS.

19.    Practical Test Briefings. The examiner must conduct a pretest, preflight and post-flight briefing in accordance with the Examiner Test Guide (Figure 7-8A to 7-8G). These briefings must be accomplished regardless of the experience and abilities of the participants. The preflight briefing must include a discussion of the methods to be used to simulate an engine failure if a multiengine aircraft is to be used for the test. The manufacturer’s recommendations must be discussed and used.

a.    Pilot in Command. During the preflight briefing, the examiner must ensure that the applicant understands that he or she will be evaluated on his or her ability to exercise PIC authority.

b.    Safety Pilot. When an examiner conducts a practical test from a station other than a pilot seat, a qualified pilot must be designated as the safety pilot for the practical test and must occupy a pilot station during the test. When the examiner occupies a pilot station, he or she may perform the role of safety pilot.

(1)    The safety pilot protects the overall safety of the flight to whatever extent necessary and ensures that all maneuvers, procedures, and/or alternate courses of action are performed safely.
(2)    The examiner, when not occupying a pilot station, must rely on the safety pilot to override any decision by the examiner, the applicant, or other person, if safety requirements demand that action.

c.    Performance Criteria. The pretest briefing must include a discussion of the applicable PTS which the examiner will use to determine satisfactory performance.

d.    Repetition of Maneuvers. The preflight briefing must also include a discussion of the circumstances under which a maneuver may be repeated on the test.

e.    ADM and Risk Management. During the preflight briefing, the examiner must ensure that the applicant understands that he or she will be evaluated on his or her ability to apply ADM and risk management principles.

20.    Segmented Practical Tests (Planned). An examiner may be asked to conduct a practical test as a planned, segmented practical test.

a.    Preferred Method. A segmented practical test normally involves conducting a practical test when an aircraft and a flight simulator (FS)/FTD are used. The recommended and preferred method of conducting a segmented practical test is for the applicant to be administered the oral portion of the practical test first. After the applicant has satisfactorily completed the oral portion of the practical test, the applicant should be administered the FS/FTD portion of the practical test. After the applicant satisfactorily completes the FS/FTD portion of the practical test, the applicant should be administered the flight/aircraft portion of the practical test. However, the FAA recognizes that there may be times when inclement weather or aircraft maintenance discrepancies may cause the order of testing to be altered from the recommended and preferred method.

b.    FS/FTD and Flight Portions of Practical Test. The applicant has 60 calendar-days from the date the oral portion of the practical test was passed to satisfactorily accomplish the FS/FTD and flight portions of the practical test. The examiner may use oral questioning at any time during the practical test. The applicant is required to present an airman application with the appropriate endorsements to substantiate that portion of the test was satisfactory.

c.    Perform Maneuvers. Examiners may request that the applicant perform maneuvers in the aircraft which were completed satisfactorily during the FS/FTD portion of the test if they desire or need to further test the applicant’s competency and proficiency on those maneuvers.

21.    Retest in Event of Failure. An applicant who fails a practical test may apply for retesting after receiving the necessary training from an authorized instructor. The applicant must present a logbook or training record endorsement by an authorized instructor who has given the applicant the necessary additional training. On FAA Form 8710-1 or Form 8710-11, as appropriate, the authorized instructor must legibly complete the “Instructor’s Recommendation ” block indicating that the applicant is proficient to pass the test. These requirements apply to all retesting after failure, including ATP certificate and aircraft type rating applicants.

22.    Accidents and Incidents During Practical Tests. If an accident or incident occurs during a practical test, the examiner should ensure that the PIC follows the prescribed procedures for reporting the occurrence. The safeguarding of lives and property is the highest priority. As soon as possible, the examiner must notify the managing FAA office of the accident or incident. SPEs must notify AFS-610 in the event of an accident during a practical test.

23.     PTS. The regulations specify the areas in which an applicant must demonstrate knowledge and skill before a certificate can be issued. The PTS contain the specific tasks in which knowledge and skill must be demonstrated.

a.    Practical Test Correlation to Part 61. The Areas of Operation specified by part 61 for each grade of certificate are encompassed by the Areas of Operation and tasks contained in the PTS. The flight proficiency required by the regulations is stated in terms of Areas of Operation. The specific tasks used to ensure competence in the required Areas of Operation are detailed in the applicable PTS.

b.    Public Availability. The public may obtain copies of the PTS from the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), FAA Web site at http://www.faa.gov, or from several of the many commercial vendors that sell the PTS to the public.

c.     PTS Introduction. The introductory section of the PTS gives detailed instructions on the use of the standards for conducting a practical test.

(1)    The PTS is arranged into sections by specific Areas of Operation. Areas of Operation are phases of flight in a logical sequence, beginning with the preflight preparation and ending with post-flight.
(2)    The oral portion of the practical test must be accomplished and satisfactorily completed before the aircraft/flight simulator portion of the practical test.
(3)    Practical tests must be conducted in accordance with part 61 and the applicable PTS. In some cases, it may be necessary to use more than one PTS. For example, an aircraft type rating test for an applicant with no instrument rating requires the use of both the instrument rating PTS and the ATP/type rating PTS.
(4)    The examiner must not allow the conduct of successive practical tests to degenerate into a predictable pattern that can be recognized by applicants or instructors.
(5)    Evaluation of an applicant’s performance must be based on the applicant’s ability to satisfactorily meet the objectives of each required task.
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24.    Prerequisites for Practical Tests. To be eligible for a practical test, an applicant must meet all requirements of part 61 applicable to the certificate or rating sought and comply with the following prerequisites.

a.    Knowledge Test. Except as provided by § 61.39, the applicant must have passed any required knowledge test within the 24 calendar-months preceding the practical test. An appropriate knowledge test report for the aircraft category and/or rating must be presented to the examiner at the time of application for the practical test (e.g., a private pilot applicant must present a satisfactory private pilot knowledge test report; a commercial pilot applicant must present a satisfactory commercial pilot knowledge test report) (Figures 7-10 and 7-10A).

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Note:  The knowledge test report will be good for 60 calendar-months for an applicant for an ATP certificate with an airplane category and a multiengine class rating who passes the knowledge test after July 31, 2014. The applicant must also present a graduation certificate from an ATP certification training program in addition to the knowledge test report.

(1)    The FAA has designated industry entities to give airman knowledge tests through computer testing. These companies issue a computer test report to the applicant upon completion of the test. This report will have an embossed seal, similar to a notary public seal, on it which identifies the computer testing company. Examiners must accept this computer test report and ensure that the applicant’s name and identification appear on the aeronautical knowledge test results and the embossed seal is legible. Duplicate copies of the report (Figures 7-10 and 7-10A) are not acceptable.
(2)    When a student has graduated from an approved pilot ground school with knowledge test examining authority, that student receives a graduation certificate or a ground school knowledge test report. The ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate (Figure 7-11) is valid for 24 calendar-months from the date of graduation.
(3)    When an applicant presents an approved school graduation certificate in lieu of a knowledge test report, the examiner giving the practical test checks the appropriate boxes in the FAA Form 8710-1 Designated Examiner’s Report section. The ground school graduation certificate is then returned to the applicant.
(4)    When the holder of a ground school knowledge test report or an approved school graduation certificate completes flight training under part 61, the applicant must meet all the certification requirements of part 61. The ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate is valid for 24 calendar-months from the date of ground school graduation.
(5)    When the holder of a ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate completes flight training in an approved pilot school flight course without practical test examining authority, the applicant must be tested in accordance with the appropriate PTS. The ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate is valid for 24 calendar-months from the date of ground school graduation.
(6)    When the holder of a ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate completes training in a part 141 pilot school flight course with examining authority, the applicant, upon graduation from that course, is eligible to receive the airman certificate or rating sought without further testing by the FAA. Such applicants must apply for the certificate at a FSDO or with the school’s ACR in accordance with § 61.71, a graduate from such a course has 60 calendar-days to apply for the appropriate certificate or rating. After 60 calendar-days from the graduation date, the applicant must meet all the requirements of part 61. The ground school knowledge test report or graduation certificate is accepted for 24 calendar-months from the date of graduation.
(7)    If the applicant is a graduate of an approved pilot school, the examiner should check the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that the practical test can be passed within 60 calendar-days from the date on the graduation certificate. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or rating under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements under part 61 for the pilot certificate or rating sought.

b.    Medical Certificate. If any portion of the practical test is being performed in an aircraft, an applicant for original issuance of an airman certificate or a rating to be added to an existing certificate (except for a glider category rating or a balloon class rating) must hold at least a third-class medical certificate. An applicant for an original issuance, renewal, or reinstatement of an flight instructor certificate is not required to hold a medical certificate; however, the pilot examiner must be the PIC for such practical tests and for this reason may choose not to administer the test. Balloon and glider applicants are no longer required to certify their medical qualification on FAA Form 8710-1 to be PIC for a practical test. An applicant for sport pilot or sport pilot instructor certificate must hold at least a third-class airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license.

c.    Statement of Demonstrated Ability (SODA). If an examiner accepts an application from an airman who has FAA Form 8500-15, the examiner must verify the appropriate limitations relating to the SODA with the managing FAA office. Any appropriate limitations relating to operational privileges must be placed on any airman certificate issued.

d.    FAA Forms.

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(1)    FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A–O completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section II A(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from a FAA-approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought. Section IV must be answered “Yes ” or “No ” if a flight test was administered. If “Yes, ” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
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(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If the applicant is removing a restriction due to obtaining the minimum qualifications for the restriction to be removed from his/her pilot original pilot certificate, the record of flight time must be entered and display the appropriate flight time in accordance with 14 CFR.
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(c)     If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, pilot type rating applications, and utilization of a Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) would be examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action; thus, the applicant would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in the case of a lost logbook.
(2)    For practical tests which require an authorized instructor’s endorsement (per § 61.39(a)(6)), an appropriately rated and qualified instructor must complete and sign the Instructor’s Recommendation section. The examiner must verify that the required aeronautical experience/flight training has been logged within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of application.
(3)    For an applicant applying for an added aircraft type rating to be placed on a private, commercial, or ATP certificate or for the original issuance of an ATP certificate, the Instructor’s Recommendation section of the form need not be signed. However, the applicant must have the appropriate endorsements in the applicant’s logbook or training records from an authorized instructor. However, if the applicant previously failed a practical test for the type rating, a flight instructor recommendation is required.
(4)    A sport pilot applicant must complete FAA Form 8710-11. The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A-Z completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section IIA1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from a FAA‑approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). The applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. Per § 61.39(a)(7), an applicant must have a completed and signed application that includes completion of section III. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on the FAA Form 8710-11 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the sport pilot certificate. Section IV must be answered “YES” or “NO” if a flight test was administered. If “YES,” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.

Note:  This requirement includes persons who are applying for a flight instructor certificate, renewal, or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate.

(5)    The FAA’s Integrated Airmen Certification and/or Rating Application (IACRA) system is authorized for use, and may be used by ASIs and examiners for processing applications at the request of the airman applicant. For instructions on the use of IACRA, use the following Internet site: http://iacra.faa.gov/. When an examiner uses IACRA, nothing will be mailed in to the managing FAA office. The process is completely electronic. The examiner destroys the superseded certificate by punching a hold in the FAA symbol with a hole punch. If a letter of discontinuance is involved, IACRA will print it out, the examiner completes it and gives it to the applicant. The applicant presents the knowledge test to the examiner, the examiner then checks in IACRA to see if it is valid and attests that he or she has verified the test. IACRA creates a written test document directly from the written test data and sends that to the Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760) with the application and all other required electronically-generated documents. If extenuating circumstances do not allow the use of IACRA, contact the managing FAA office and follow the instructions in this section for completing FAA Form 8710-1 or 8710-11, as applicable. (See chapter 7, section 22 for additional information.)

Note:  Pilot examiners and ASIs must have the capability to use IACRA if the airman applicant elects to use IACRA.

Indicates new/changed information.

Note:   At the time of publication, IACRA is not able to process applications for a restricted privileges ATP certificate. Future updates to IACRA may allow for the processing of a restricted privileges ATP certificate online. Until such upgrade, FAA Form 8710-1 must be utilized for the application file.

e.    Airman Records/Logbooks. An applicant for a certificate or rating for which there are aeronautical training and experience requirements must present a reliable record to the examiner which clearly shows the accomplishment of those requirements. The examiner must verify that the applicant meets all eligibility and experience requirements for the certificate or rating sought.

(1)    Where required by the rules in part 61, an authorized instructor’s endorsement is required in the applicant’s logbook or training record.
(2)    An authorized instructor’s endorsement is required to show the training time accomplished for each session.
(3)    Where required by the rules in part 61, the applicant applying for an added aircraft type rating or for the original issuance of an ATP certificate in an aircraft requiring an aircraft type rating must have the appropriate endorsement in the applicant’s logbook or training records from an authorized instructor.
(4)    If the applicant presents reconstructed records, U.S. military records, or the examiner cannot positively determine the applicant’s eligibility, the examiner should contact the managing FAA office for guidance.
(5)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.
(6)    Pilot Certificate Requirements and the Logging of Flight Time in Hang Gliders, Ultralights, Powered (Motorized) Gliders, and Other Vehicles. The following guidance is designed to clarify issues concerning the logging of flight time and minimum pilot certificate requirements for hang gliders, ultralights, and similar vehicles.
(a)    Logging Time. Unless the vehicle is type-certificated (TC) as an aircraft in a category listed in § 61.5(b)(1) or as an experimental aircraft, or otherwise holds an airworthiness certificate, flight time acquired in such a vehicle may not be used to meet the requirements of part 61 for a certificate or rating or to meet the recency of experience requirements.
(b)    Minimum Certificate Requirements. To operate a small aircraft with an experimental airworthiness certificate, at least a student pilot certificate is required. The certificate must be properly endorsed in accordance with § 61.87, except in the case of an aircraft operating limitation that requires the PIC to hold an appropriate category/class rating. In that case, the pilot must hold at least a private pilot certificate.
(c)    Logging Time in Powered Gliders. Flight time in a powered glider cannot be logged as required airplane pilot flight time unless the aircraft is TC as an airplane. Flight time used to meet recency of experience requirements or the requirements for a certificate or rating may only be logged according to the category in which the aircraft is TC (airplane, glider, etc.). Powered gliders may be TC either as gliders or airplanes.

25.    Verification of an Applicant’s Identity. Designees shall refer to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the verification of an applicant’s identity.

26.    Illegal Substance Conviction. Designees shall refer to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the completion of FAA Form 8710-1.

Indicates new/changed information.

27.    Completion of FAA Form 8710-1. Designees shall refer to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3 for guidance and procedures associated with the completion of FAA Form 8710-1.

a.    Special Emphasis Items. The examiner must complete all applicable blocks specific to Designated Examiner’s Report and the certificate and/or rating tested.

(1)    The examiner must complete all applicable blocks in the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section. If more than one aircraft was used, the type/registration numbers of all aircraft used must be provided. Under “Location of Test ,” the term “Facility ” refers to the name of the airport, city, and state from which the test originated or, in the case of a practical test in a balloon, the name of the town nearest to the launch site. The “Duration of Test ” must include the time of the ground and flight tests. The “Certificate or Rating for Which Tested ” must indicate the Level, Category, and Class rating of the rating being applied for. Even if a test is not given, this section should explain the reason for the application.
(2)    The examiner must complete and sign the appropriate lines in the “Evaluator’s Record for the ATP/Rating Only” section for an applicant applying for an ATP certificate and/or an aircraft type rating, even if the aircraft type rating is applied for at the commercial or private level. An ATPE also completes the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section.
Indicates new/changed information.
(3)    Except for ACRs and FIREs, examiners do not normally mark any blocks/boxes in the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section of the FAA Form 8710-1. Where and when appropriate, ACRs and FIREs are authorized to complete the following areas in the “Aviation Safety Inspector or Technician Report” section of the FAA Form 8710-1: “Flight Instructor’s” box, “Renewal” box, “Instructor Renewal Based” area by completing either “Activity” box or “Training Course” box, as appropriate. The areas identified as “Training Course (FIRC) Name” block, “Graduation Certificate No.” block and “Date” block will be completed when the renewal is based on graduation from a FIRC.
Indicates new/changed information.

b.    Change of Name, Nationality, Gender, Date of Birth, and Dual Citizenship. An examiner must compare the applicant’s name, nationality, gender, date of birth, and dual citizenship on FAA Form 8710-1 and this same information on the person’s current certificate, if any. If the applicant’s personal data as shown above has changed since the current certificate was issued, the examiner must refer the applicant to an FAA office. The FAA office will process the applicant’s request for a change to personal data and issue a temporary airman certificate bearing the applicant’s correct name. After this is accomplished, the examiner may accept the airman’s FAA Form 8710-1 for the practical test.

28.    Preparation of the Certification File. The examiner who conducts a certification practical test is responsible for the completeness and accuracy of the certification file. The examiner must not accept FAA Form 8710-1 until the examiner has determined that the applicant is eligible for the certificate or rating sought. A practical test begins when the examiner accepts the airman’s application. At the conclusion of the practical test, the examiner must complete the certification file, indicating approval or disapproval of the application, as appropriate.

a.    Approved Application Form. The examiner must approve the FAA Form 8710-1 or Form 8710-11 application form for an airman certificate and/or rating and issue an FAA Form 8060-4 only after the examiner determines that:

(1)    The applicant meets all the prerequisite eligibility requirements and has satisfactorily met the applicable PTS;
(2)    The prepared temporary airman certificate bears the correct ratings and limitations; and
(3)    The certification file is accurate and complete.

b.    Disapproved Application. If the examiner disapproves an application, the examiner prepares FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application.

(1)    A legible original of FAA Form 8060-5 is made a part of the certification file.
(2)    The examiner ensures that the certification file is accurate and complete.

c.    Disposition of File. The examiner must mail the completed certification file to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days after completion of the practical test. If the certification is accomplished by the IACRA process, the file may be processed directly to AFS-760 instead of through the managing FAA office. In either case, the files must be processed within 7 calendar-days after completion of the practical test.

d.    NDPE/FEEs. An NDPE/FEE who conducts a practical test in a vintage airplane under the provisions of the NDPE/FEE program must mail the completed certification file to the FAA office holding the examiner’s COA, regardless of where the test was conducted, not later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the practical test. NDPE/FEE who use IACRA may send the completed file directly to AFS-760.

29.    Review of an Examiner’s Decision. An applicant who is not satisfied with an examiner’s decision may obtain another practical test or appropriate reevaluation from an ASI without prejudice. In such cases, the applicant must be given the complete test, including any Areas of Operation already approved by the examiner. The applicant must prepare a new FAA Form 8710-1 or FAA Form 8710-11, as appropriate, and the ASI must complete a new certification file. Following the test, both the examiner’s and the ASI’s certification files are forwarded to AFS-760. The ASI’s report determines if a certificate is issued. The ASI should discuss the test results with the examiner.

30.    Issuance of FAA Form 8060-4. An examiner must issue an FAA Form 8060-4 each time the examiner issues or reissues an airman certificate.

a.    Preparation of FAA Form 8060-4. Information entered on FAA Form 8060-4 must match the information contained on the applicant’s Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, not the data on the superseded certificate. All entries made on FAA Form 8060-4 must be legible. It is acceptable to use capital letters. Because FAA Form 8060-4 is scanned and prepared in duplicate, a sharp, clear original is essential. Examiners must legibly enter their pilot certificate number in the “Examiner’s Designation No.” or “Inspector’s Reg. No.” block on the original copy of FAA Form 8060-4 that is submitted to AFS-760. The typed original becomes part of the certification file and the carbon copy is given to the applicant. If there are any entries that might be misunderstood, the examiner should write an explanation of the entries on a separate sheet of paper and attach it to the certification file.

(1)    When FAA Form 8060-4 changes an airman’s certificate to a higher grade all aircraft type ratings shown on the superseded certificate within category and class are brought forward to the higher grade of certificate. If an aircraft type rating on the superseded certificate is limited to VFR, that limitation is carried forward to the higher grade of certificate. (Aircraft type ratings limited to VFR may be upgraded to the ATP level without further testing.)
(2)    For U.S. military pilots applying under the provisions of § 61.157(d), an aircraft type rating may be upgraded to the ATP level, provided that person has met the requirements of § 61.73(g).
(3)    An aircraft type rating for a single-place (single-pilot station) airplane may not be upgraded to the ATP level.
(4)    If an applicant qualifies for more ratings and/or limitations than can be placed on one FAA Form 8060‑4, additional temporary airmen certificates should be used. Each certificate must fully identify and describe the holder and bear a notation to show how many forms comprise the complete certificate (Figures 7-14 and 7-14A) (e.g., Card 1 of 2).

b.    Issuance of a Handwritten Temporary Airman Certificate. An examiner in the field who has no access to a typewriter may issue a handwritten temporary airman certificate provided the examiner prints all necessary information legibly, in ink. The handwritten copy can be issued to the applicant, but a typed original, signed by the issuing examiner, must accompany the certification file. The applicant must sign the handwritten issued certificate.

c.    Reissuance of a Certificate. Applicants requesting reissuance of an airman certificate to correct or change personal data must be referred to an FAA office. A sport pilot applicant can request reissuance through the local FSDO or AFS-610.

31.    Limitations. Limitations related to a specific grade of certificate are detailed in the chapter for that grade of certificate. The following limitations are general and may apply to more than one grade of certificate.

a.    Hearing- and/or Speech-Impaired Airmen. If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication. The certificates of hearing-impaired and/or speech-impaired airmen must bear the limitation “NOT VALID FOR FLIGHTS REQUIRING THE USE OF RADIO.” This limitation may be added or removed only by an ASI.

Indicates new/changed information.

b.    Center Thrust. A certificate issued for a multiengine class or aircraft type rating based on a practical test in a multiengine airplane which has no published minimum controllable airspeed (VMC), as determined by the manufacturer, must bear the limitation “AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND - LIMITED TO CENTER THRUST.” (See Figure 7‑14.)

(1)    To have a center thrust limitation removed from an airman certificate, an applicant must have logged the required training and performed a practical test in a multiengine airplane having a published VMC as determined by the manufacturer.
(2)    The civilian and U.S. military aircraft listed below have no VMC established by the manufacturer. Other aircraft not listed, and for which there is no published data on VMC, are also restricted to center thrust only.

·    C-336 Cessna Skymaster;

·    C-337 Cessna Super Skymaster;

·    T-2B/C Rockwell Buckeye;

·    T-37 Cessna 318;

·    T-38 Northrop Talon;

·    F-4 McDonnell-Douglas Phantom;

·    F-111 General Dynamics;

·    F-18A Northrop/McDonnell-Douglas Hornet;

·    A6-E Grumman American Intruder;

·    A-10 Fairchild Republic Thunderbolt II; and

·    F-15 McDonnell-Douglas Eagle.

(3)    The center thrust restriction is not placed on the airman certificate when the airplane has a VMC established in its TCDS or published in its approved flight manual.
(4)    If the holder of a certificate with the center thrust restriction can show that the limitation was issued in error, the limitation can be removed upon application by the airman. A new temporary airman certificate is issued without the center thrust limitation.
(5)    The examiner must consult the managing FSDO if there is any question whether the airplane requires a center thrust limitation. If necessary, the FSDO may contact the FAA, General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), Certification and General Aviation Operations Branch (AFS-810), at 800 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20591 (phone: (202) 267-8196 or (202) 267-8212) to inquire whether a certain airplane requires a center thrust limitation.

32.    Issuance of FAA Form 8060-5. In case of the disapproval of a practical test, the examiner completes FAA Form 8060-5. (See Figures 7-16 and 7-16A.)

a.    Preparation of FAA Form 8060-5. An examiner in the field who has no access to a typewriter may issue a handwritten FAA Form 8060-5 provided the examiner prints all necessary information legibly, in ink. The handwritten copy can be issued to the applicant, but a typed original, signed by the issuing examiner, must accompany the certification file.

b.    Unsatisfactorily Performed or Not Completed Areas of Operation. Tasks that were unsatisfactorily performed and those Areas of Operation not completed must be listed on FAA Form 8060-5.

(1)    The number of practical test failures by the applicant for the certificate or rating sought must be placed on FAA Form 8060-5 (FIRST FAILURE, SECOND FAILURE, etc.).
(2)    If an applicant fails the practical test because of deficiencies listed in § 61.43(a) or a PTS special emphasis item, it must be tied to a specific task and must be noted on FAA Form 8060-5.

c.    Credit Given for Satisfactorily Completed Areas of Operation or Tasks. An applicant for retesting may receive credit for those Areas of Operation satisfactorily completed; however, an examiner may re-examine an applicant on any Area of Operation required for the certificate or rating sought. If an examiner has reason to doubt an applicant’s competence in Areas of Operation for which the applicant received credit during a previous test, or if more than 60 calendar-days have elapsed since the previous practical test, the examiner must re-examine the applicant on all Areas of Operation required for that certificate or rating. Applicants who do not have their FAA Form 8060-5 must take the entire practical test. The applicant may obtain a duplicate FAA Form 8060-5 from AFS-760 or the issuing pilot examiner.

33.    Part 141 Stage Checks. Examiners may conduct part 141 stage checks. Students enrolled in part 141 pilot school courses are required to take stage checks to determine that the student has accomplished the objectives of the completed stages of training.

a.    Syllabus and Course Standards. Examiners who administer part 141 stage checks must review the pilot school’s syllabus and use the appropriate stage completion standards to determine that the student satisfactorily completes the stage check.

b.    Application. An applicant for a part 141 stage check must present FAA Form 8710-1. The examiner should verify that the form is marked to indicate application for a part 141 stage check and that it indicates the number of the stage to be checked.

Indicates new/changed information.

c.    Completion of the Form. The examiner notes on the form the number of the stage check which has been accomplished, the pilot school’s name, and the outcome of the stage check (Figure 7-16). The examiner gives the completed form to the pilot school. If the pilot school is without the services of a chief flight instructor, the examiner makes an additional copy of the form and forwards it to the appropriate FAA office.

34.    Blue Seal Certificates. If a pilot applicant, other than a light sport pilot applicant, applies to an examiner for the exchange of a pilot certificate with a black seal for a pilot certificate with a blue seal, the examiner should refer the person to the FSDO. This action can be accomplished only by an ASI.

Note:  Light sport pilots are not entitled to receive blue seal certificates.

35.    Flight and Duty Time as a DPE. If a DPE administers a practical test from a jump seat or cabin station of an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more, or from a pilot seat of an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of only one pilot, flight time accrued as a DPE is not deemed to be other commercial flying with respect to the flight and duty time limitations stated in parts 121, 125, and 135. However, if a DPE serves as a required crewmember during a practical test on an aircraft requiring a flightcrew of two or more, that flight time is deemed to be other commercial flying.

Indicates new/changed information.

36.    Procedures.

a.    Verify Applicant’s Identity.

b.    Inspect FAA Form 8710-1.

c.    Issue Letter of Discontinuance. If the practical test is discontinued for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance by the applicant, prepare a letter of discontinuance (see chapter 7, section 1, paragraph 17b).

(1)    Include the date of the test and all pertinent applicant, aircraft, and practical test information. (See Figures 7-9A and 7-9B.)
(2)    Note the reason for the discontinuance and add a brief explanation.
(3)    List the Areas of Operation of the practical test that were successfully completed.
(4)    State that the letter of discontinuance does not extend the expiration date of the knowledge test report.
(5)    State that the applicant may use the letter of discontinuance to show portions of the test that have been completed satisfactorily if application is made within 60 calendar-days from the date of the letter.
(6)    State the date the entire practical test must be repeated.
(7)    Return the application and all submitted documents to the applicant with the original copy of the letter of discontinuance.
(8)    Retain one copy of the letter.

d.    Issue a Temporary Airman Certificate. Issue FAA Form 8060-4 when the applicant has met all requirements for the certificate/rating sought.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-4, making all entries in the appropriate blocks. Prepare a typed original and a typed duplicate or a handwritten copy.
(2)    All original airman certificates will be issued with a unique certificate number. This unique number will be assigned by AFS-760 during processing of the airman file. The airman’s SSN will still be collected on FAA Form 8710-1. However, the word “PENDING” will be placed on the certificate number block of the temporary airman certificate. The airman will be told that the FAA will not use his/her SSN as a certificate number. If the airman still does not wish to provide his/her SSN to the FAA, the words “DO NOT USE” will be placed in the SSN block of the application.
(3)    Airman certificates presently using the SSN as a certificate number will continue to be issued with that number unless the airman requests a unique number. If the airman requests a unique number when applying for a certificate and/or rating, the word “PENDING” will be placed in the certificate number block of the temporary airman certificate.
(4)    On a reissued airman certificate, the previously assigned certificate number will continue to be shown below line III.
(5)    Enter the applicant’s name as it appears on the application on line IV. However, when “NMN” is used on the application, omit the acronym on FAA Form 8060-4.
(6)    Enter the applicant’s address as it is shown on line V of FAA Form 8060-4. If the applicant wants the permanent certificate mailed to a different address, have the applicant write a note showing the address to which the permanent certificate should be sent and attach the note to the file.
(7)    Enter the applicant’s date of birth. Use eight-digit numbers in the following order: month, day, and year (MM/DD/YYYY).
(8)    Enter the applicant’s height in inches rounded to the nearest inch.
(9)    Enter the applicant’s weight in pounds rounded to the nearest pound.
(10)    Enter the color of the applicant’s hair. Do not use abbreviations. Enter the color as black, red, brown, blond, or gray. If the applicant is bald, enter “bald.”
(11)    Enter the color of the applicant’s eyes. Do not use abbreviations. Enter the color as blue, brown, black, hazel, green, or gray.
(12)    Enter the applicant’s gender as M or F.
(13)    If the applicant is a citizen of the United States, enter the applicant’s nationality as USA. If the applicant is a citizen of another country, enter the name of that country (e.g., Germany, not German).
(14)    Enter the grade of certificate below line IX, e.g., recreational pilot, private pilot, commercial pilot, ATP, or flight instructor.
(15)    Enter the ratings associated with the certificate on line XII.
(16)    Enter the applicable limitations, if any, above line XIII. If there is insufficient room to include all ratings and limitations on one temporary airman certificate, use more than one certificate.
(17)    Check the appropriate box to indicate whether this is an original issuance or a reissuance of this grade of certificate.
(18)    Enter the date of the superseded airman certificate. This date is the date of issuance on the airman’s previous certificate. Use eight-digit numbers in the following order: month, day, year (MM/DD/YYYY).
(19)    Enter the date of issuance below line X in the same format as explained in subparagraph (18) above. The date of issuance is the date of completion of the practical test.
(20)    Type the examiner’s name, leaving room for the examiner’s signature above the typewritten name.
(21)    Enter the examiner’s pilot certificate number. If the examiner’s pilot certificate number is the same as the examiner’s SSN, this number need only be shown on the typed original copy that is sent to AFS-760.

Note:  The FAA has initiated a renumbering of all original FAA airman certificates which will negate the need for using SSNs as the airman certificate number in the future.

(22)    Enter the date the examiner’s designation expires. Use eight-digit numbers in the following order: month, day, year (MM/DD/YYYY).
(23)    Ensure that all entered information is correct and corresponds to information on the application.
(24)    Ask the applicant to verify that all data on the certificate is correct and sign the temporary airman certificate on line VII in ink.
(25)    Sign the temporary airman certificate below line X in ink and give the applicant the duplicate copy.
(26)    Give the applicant the typed duplicate or a handwritten copy of the temporary airman certificate and attach the typed original copy to the certification file.

e.    Issue FAA Form 8060-5. When the applicant’s performance is unsatisfactory in the demonstration of knowledge and/or skill, inform the applicant of the reasons for the disapproval and issue FAA Form 8060-5.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5, making all entries in the indicated blocks. Prepare a typed original and a typed duplicate or a handwritten copy.
(2)    Enter the applicant’s name and address as they appear on the application.
(3)    Indicate the certificate or rating sought.
(4)    Check the box marked “Practical” if there were unsatisfactory items on the test. Oral and flight blocks are not used.
(5)    Enter the make and model of the aircraft used for the test.
(6)    Enter the applicant’s PIC or solo, instrument, and dual flight times as recorded in the applicant’s logbook.
(7)    Enter all Areas of Operation and tasks that were performed unsatisfactorily, to include the specific tasks and those Areas of Operation not completed during the practical test. Enter the date the practical test was first discontinued, in accordance with § 61.43(f)(1) (emphasis on the start of “the 60-day period after the date the practical test was discontinued” provision). That date will be maintained on FAA Form 8060-5 for all subsequent discontinuances. For example, if an applicant fails the oral portion of the practical test, that date will be entered on FAA Form 8060-5 in the section noted as “Upon Reapplication You Will be Reexamined on the Following” and will be maintained on the FAA Form 8060-5 for all subsequent discontinuances.
(8)    Enter the number of practical test failures by the applicant for the certificate or rating sought.
(9)    Enter the date of the practical test.
(10)    Sign FAA Form 8060-5 in ink.
(11)    Enter the examiner’s designation number.
(12)    Give the applicant the typed duplicate or a handwritten copy of FAA Form 8060-5 and attach the typed original copy to the certification file.

f.    Prepare Certification File. At the conclusion of the practical test, or if no practical test takes place, at the conclusion of the certification function, complete the certification file.

(1)    Complete the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section of FAA Form 8710-1, entering the required information.
(a)    Check the box indicating that the examiner has personally reviewed the applicant’s logbook/training record that certifies that the individual meets the pertinent requirements of part 61 for the pilot certificate or rating sought.
(b)    Check all other appropriate boxes and enter the required information in all applicable blocks in the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section. Ensure that the ground, simulator, and flight times, as applicable, are noted.
(c)    If more than one aircraft was used for the practical test, provide the type/registration numbers of all aircraft used.
(d)    Enter the date of the practical test and sign the Designated Examiner’s Report section.

Note:  This must be the date the practical test was concluded and must be the same date shown on Form 8060-4 or Form 8060-5.

(2)    If the applicant is applying for an ATP certificate and/or an aircraft type rating, complete and sign the appropriate lines in the “Evaluator’s Record” section.
(3)    Verify that the airman identification information entered in the Attachments section is complete.
(4)    Check all of the appropriate boxes in the “Attachments” section and add the attachments to the completed FAA Form 8710-1.
(5)    Forward the completed certification file to the managing FAA office no later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the practical test.
(a)    If the examiner is designated by more than one FSDO, send the certification file to the FSDO in whose area the test originated.
(b)    If the examiner is on an itinerary, the managing FSDO will coordinate with the field office where the practical tests are given and advise the examiner which FSDO will process the certification file.
(c)    If the test was conducted under the provisions of the NDPE/FEE program, send the certification file to the managing FAA office regardless of the location where the test originated.

g.    Prepare Record of a Part 141 Stage Check. Accept FAA Form 8710-1 from the applicant before the stage check. Ensure that the “other ” box in section I has been checked and “141 Stage Check ” has been entered on the adjacent line.

(1)    Verify the applicant’s identity and ensure that the applicant has completed the appropriate blocks of FAA Form 8710-1 correctly. (No entry is made in section II of the FAA Form 8710-1 for a part 141 stage check.)
(2)    Enter the airman identification information in the Attachments section of the form.
(3)    After conducting the stage check, mark the box in the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section indicating that the examiner has personally tested and/or verified the applicant in accordance with pertinent procedures and standards.
(4)    Check the “Approved” or “Disapproved” box, as appropriate.
(5)    Enter the name of the pilot school on page 2 of FAA Form 8710-1 in the block noted as “Location of Test (Facility, City, State) ,” and indicate the stage number of the check conducted on page 2 in the block noted as “Certificate or Rating for Which Tested .”
(6)    Enter “141 Stage Check (Stage X)” on page 2 of FAA Form 8710-1 in the block noted as “Certificate or Rating for Which Tested.”
(7)    Enter the remaining information indicated in the “Examiner’s Report” section and sign the “Examiner’s Signature” block.
(8)    Give the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 to the pilot school. If the pilot school is without the services of a chief pilot, send an additional copy of the form to the FAA office.

Section 3. Issue a Student Pilot Certificate

Indicates new/changed information. Indicates new/changed information.

37.    General. There are two types of student pilot certificates. An Aviation Medical Examiner (AME) issues an FAA Form 8420-2, “Medical Certificate _____ Class and Student Pilot Certificate” (Figure 7-17), to an applicant who meets the requirements of part 61 subpart C, for a student pilot certificate. FAA Form 8420-2 serves as both a medical certificate and a student pilot certificate. DPEs issue FAA Form 8710-2, “Student Pilot Certificate” (Figure 7-18), to qualified student pilot applicants. FAA Form 8710-2 serves only as a student pilot certificate.

a.    Applicants with Medical Certificates. An applicant may hold FAA Form 8500-9, Medical Certificate _____ Class (white copy). This certificate does not impart student pilot privileges. The applicant must obtain a student pilot certificate from an examiner or the FSDO in order to exercise privileges as a student pilot.

b.    Applicants Who Need Medical Certificates. For aircraft that require medical certificates, the applicant must hold at least a valid third class medical.

c.    Gliders and Balloons. An applicant who intends to pilot only balloons or gliders, including self-launch gliders, need not have an airman medical certificate. The applicant is issued FAA Form 8710-2.

Indicates new/changed information.

d.    Examiner Authorization. An examiner may issue a student pilot certificate to a qualified applicant without regard to the category or class of aircraft the applicant intends to pilot. Any examiner may issue an FAA Form 8710-2 (Figure 7-18) regardless of the category and class of aircraft or grade of pilot certification authorized by the examiner’s COA. However, if the student pilot has medical limitations that need to be shown on the medical portion of the student pilot certificate then only a medical examiner or an FAA office may issue the student pilot certificate.

38.    Nonrenewable. Student pilot certificates are not renewable. Upon expiration of a student pilot certificate, the airman may apply for a new student pilot certificate, using the same process as for the original issuance.

a.    Endorsements. The student pilot should keep the original certificate bearing all of the endorsements that remain valid. The holder of an expired student pilot certificate must meet the same requirements as for the original certificate.

Indicates new/changed information.

b.    Additional Aircraft Endorsements. If the space for instructor endorsements is full, and the student is seeking endorsements for additional types of aircraft, a DPE may issue a second student pilot certificate clearly marked “For Record Purposes Only .” The second student pilot certificate will have the same expiration date as the original. The original is issued to the student and the duplicate copy destroyed (Figure 7-18). There is no requirement for FAA Form 8710-1.

39.    Procedures.

a.    Review Application. Verify that the information on the FAA Form 8710-1 is presented accurately and legibly and is complete.

(1)    In section I, ensure that the applicant has checked the box labeled “Student.”
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the application is filled out according to the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.

Note:  Sections II and III of FAA Form 8710-1 do not have to be completed for issuance of an original student pilot certificate.

b.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Ensure acceptable forms of identification establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the forms of identification with the personal information provided by the applicant on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Instruct the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on the application, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, immediately report the matter to the managing FAA office and discontinue the task.

c.    Establish Eligibility. Determine that the applicant meets the eligibility requirements for a student pilot certificate (see § 61.83).

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    Determine which category of aircraft the applicant intends to fly.
(a)    If the applicant intends to fly gliders or balloons, the applicant must be at least 14 years of age and complete section I.
(b)    If the applicant intends to fly light sport aircraft, the applicant must be at least 16 years of age and hold a current airman medical certificate or valid U.S. driver’s license.
(c)    If the applicant intends to fly airplanes or rotorcraft, the applicant must be at least 16 years of age and hold a current medical certificate and complete section I.
(3)    If a medical certificate is required and the applicant does not have one, advise the applicant to obtain an airman medical certificate or a student medical certificate from an AME.
(4)    If the applicant is ineligible, inform the applicant how the discrepancies may be corrected. An FAA Form 8060-5 is not required and need not be issued.

d.    Applicant Meets Requirements. If the applicant meets all of the requirements for a student pilot certificate, prepare an FAA Form 8710-2, sign, and have the applicant sign, in ink, both the original and the copy.

(1)    The FAA Form 8710-2 should be typewritten, but may be handwritten.

Note:  The examiner should advise the applicant that an airman medical certificate or valid U.S. driver’s license is required to solo airplanes, airships, weight shift control, powered parachutes, and/or gyroplanes.

(2)    The examiner should inform a student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate that he or she will not act as pilot in command:
(a)    Of an aircraft other than a light sport aircraft;
(b)    At night;
(c)    At an altitude of more than 10,000 feet mean sea level (MSL);
(d)    In Class B, C, and D airspace, at an airport located in Class B, C, or D airspace, and to, from, through, or on an airport having an operational control tower without having received the ground and flight training specified in § 61.94 and an endorsement from an authorized instructor; and
(e)    Must comply with the provisions of § 61.89(a) and 61.89(b).
(3)    The examiner should issue the original to the applicant and inform the applicant that the certificate expires 24 or 36 calendar-months after the date it was issued, as appropriate.

e.    Complete Certification File. Complete and sign the “Designated Examiner’s Report” section of FAA Form 8710-1 or FAA Form 8710-11, as appropriate. Attach the duplicate copy of the student pilot certificate to the form and forward the certification file to the managing FAA office within 7 calendar-days. Unless otherwise directed by the FAA office, IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.

f.    Subsequent Issuance. If a student pilot certificate has expired, issue a new certificate, following the same procedures as for an original issuance. The flight instructor’s endorsements on the expired certificate may not be transferred to the new certificate. The student pilot retains the expired certificate as a record of the endorsements.

g.    Second Certificate. If there is insufficient space for instructor endorsements for additional types of aircraft on a valid student pilot certificate, issue a second student pilot certificate and clearly mark on the front of the second certificate “For Record Purposes Only.”

(1)    Enter the same expiration date on the second certificate as that shown on the original certificate.
(2)    Cross out the certificate number on the second certificate.
(3)    Issue the original of the second certificate to the student and destroy the duplicate copy.
(4)    An FAA Form 8710-1 is not required for a second certificate, and a certification file is not sent forward to the FAA office.

Section 4. Special Emphasis Items

40.    Special Emphasis Items. This section discusses additional areas of consideration when conducting a practical test. Many of these special emphasis items are the result of accident investigation findings and statistical analysis of pilot operational errors.

41.    Dangers Associated with Simulation of Power Failure in Single-Engine Airplanes by the Interruption of Fuel Flow. Although not a widespread practice, flight instructors occasionally simulate engine failure in single-engine airplanes by turning the fuel selector valve “off” or by placing the mixture control in the “idle cutoff” position.

a.    Accident History. A recent study of fuel starvation accidents showed that most accidents in which simulated engine failure was a factor involved single-engine airplanes. Use of the above procedures can result in an actual emergency depending on factors such as engine wind-milling characteristics, fuel quantity remaining, and fuel selector and mixture control system design.

b.    Alternatives. ASIs or Examiners should ensure that the subject of simulated engine failure in single-engine airplanes is given special emphasis during appropriate contacts with pilot schools and flight instructors. Alternative means of engine-out simulation should be discussed; for example, retarding the engine throttle control or power/thrust lever.

42.    Pilot External Vigilance (Scan Program). The occurrence of midair collisions highlights a need to place special emphasis on the importance of cockpit external vigilance. While some operators have taken action to train crews in effective scan techniques, all pilots need to make a more conscious effort to search outside the cockpit for conflicting traffic.

a.    Scanning Technique. The probability of spotting a potential collision threat increases with the time spent looking outside, but certain techniques may be used to increase the effectiveness of the scan time. The human eye tends to focus somewhere, even in a featureless sky. To be most effective, the pilot should shift glances and refocus at intervals. Most pilots do this in the process of scanning the instrument panel, but it is also important to focus outside to set up the visual system for effective target acquisition.

b.    Head Movement. Pilots should be reminded that it is necessary to move the head to search around the physical obstructions, such as door and window posts. The doorpost can cover a considerable amount of sky, but a small head movement can reveal a threat these areas could be concealing.

c.    Peripheral Vision. Peripheral vision can be most useful in spotting collision threats from other aircraft. Each time a scan is stopped and the eyes are refocused, the peripheral vision takes on more importance because it is through this element that movement is detected. Apparent movement is almost always the first perception of collision threat and probably the most important because it is the discovery of a threat that triggers the events leading to proper evasive action and safe operation.

d.    Scanning Emphasis. Examiners and ASIs should ensure that the subject of scanning and cockpit vigilance is included in training programs and is emphasized on all practical tests. Special emphasis should be given during contacts with pilot schools, flight instructors, during practical examinations, and while conducting flight reviews. Inspectors should be keenly aware of flight operations near navigational aids, high-density traffic areas, visual traffic patterns, and during simulated instrument practice where a tendency to “look inside” is common among pilots.

43.    Accurate Position Reporting and Collision Avoidance.

a.    Accident History. A fatal midair collision between a helicopter and a light twin engine airplane, inbound to the same airport, demonstrated the importance of accurate position reporting by pilots when communicating with ATC facilities. The events contributing to this accident are as follows:

(1)    Because of radio frequency congestion, the airplane, which was on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan, was unable to communicate with the control tower upon arriving at the requested report fix. When the pilot of the airplane was able to contact the tower, he gave his position as inside the requested fix. The controller, based on this report, was convinced that the airplane was within 5 miles of the final approach fix. The helicopter pilot contacted the same control tower and reported “coming up on” a known visual fix approximately 2 miles from the airport.
(2)    The controller, having received these two indefinite position reports, believed that there was no conflict of traffic and did not issue a traffic advisory to either aircraft.
(3)    If the pilots of both aircraft had reported their positions more accurately, this accident may not have occurred.

b.    Importance of Accurate Position Reporting. Examiners and ASIs should ensure that the subject of accurate position reporting and collision avoidance is discussed frequently and that relevant information is given the widest possible dissemination during contact with flight instructor, pilot examiners, approved schools, and the aviation community. Examiners and ASIs should make clear that pilots are responsible for exercising diligent scanning and accurately reporting procedures during aircraft operations.

c.    Consideration of Military Training Routes (MTR) During Flight Planning. Federal Aviation Administration records for near midair collisions (NMAC) indicates several incidents involving military aircraft operating within MTR and civilian aircraft traversing these routes. The reports indicated that in a majority of these cases, a collision was avoided when the military flightcrews observed maneuvered to avoid general aviation aircraft. ASIs should emphasize the importance of determining locations and times of activity of MTR during flight planning, to pilots, flight instructors, pilot schools, and pilot examiners.

44.    Instrument Flying Skills¾ Partial Panel.

a.    Partial Panel Training. Data gathered during accident investigations show a need for emphasis on the skills required for control of aircraft in instrument conditions without the use of the attitude indicator. Partial panel operations involving control of an airplane by the use of the primary flight instruments develops skills that are needed if the attitude indicator fails during flight in instrument conditions. These skills apply to all pilot certificates.

b.    Ensuring Basic Instrument Skills in Partial Panel Operations. Inspectors are directed to reemphasize to pilot examiners and flight instructors the need for the following:

(1)    On all pilot proficiency and competency checks in which instrument flying skill is a requirement, the pilot’s competency in partial panel instrument flying skills must be evaluated.
(2)    Pilots must demonstrate competency levels in basic aircraft control with partial panel using “turn coordinator, ball, and airspeed” appropriate to the certificate and ratings held, with pilot privileges authorized for the check, to be fully satisfactory.

Note:  The above procedures are to be reemphasized, by inspectors, to the extent possible, to ensure that all pilot examiners and flight instructors are kept aware of this requirement.

Section 5. Flight Reviews and Competency Checks

45.    Flight Reviews and Competency Checks. This section contains guidance on the background and conduct of various flight reviews and competency checks required by part 61. These reviews are in addition to airman certification tasks and include:

·    Flight review,

·    High performance airplane competency check,

·    Instrument proficiency check, and

·    Pilot-in-command proficiency check for aircraft requiring more than one pilot.

46.    Examiner or Inspector Participation. The flight reviews and competency checks listed above are required by part 61 and are usually conducted by certificated flight instructors, DPEs, or pilot proficiency examiners. If, however, a pilot has obtained a flight review or competency check and, in that pilot’s opinion, the outcome of the check was not satisfactory, the pilot may request a flight review or competency check from another instructor, an examiner, or an FAA inspector. If an inspector conducts the flight review or competency check and finds the pilot does not meet the standards for the original issuance of the pilot certificate or ratings that the pilot holds, the inspector should request the pilot to appear for a subsequent reexamination practical test. In this event, the inspector should follow the guidelines in the current edition of FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 7, Section 1.

47.    Application for a Flight Review or Competency Check. Examiners or ASIs will require airman applying for any proficiency review or competency check to complete the top portion of FAA Form 8410-1 (Figure 7-7). Maneuvers listed on the form that are not applicable to the review given (e.g., a flight review for a VFR-only pilot would not include “instrument procedures”) would not be graded; the boxes would be left blank. The FAA Form 8410-1 should be kept in the appropriate district office file. Copies can be provided to employers, if applicable, or to the airman.

48.    Combining Flight Reviews and Competency Checks. A pilot may elect to combine required flight reviews and checks. For example, a pilot who satisfactorily demonstrates competency in an aircraft requiring more than one pilot (§ 61.58) may also use this demonstration to meet the flight review requirement of § 61.56. For the purposes of the flight review, a single showing of competency in any aircraft will suffice for all other categories or classes of aircraft for which the pilot is rated. Demonstrations of competency may also be associated with proficiency checks required by part 121 or 135, or when the airman is applying for an additional category or class of pilot certificate or for a type rating.

49.    Evaluating the Flight Review. The word “satisfactory” is used under § 61.56, even though a flight review is not considered to be a practical test. The term is used only to provide the person giving the flight review a minimum standard on which to base judgment and comment as described in the regulation. If a pilot is denied a satisfactory endorsement for flight review, the pilot may continue to exercise certificate privileges, provided the time period prescribed by the regulation has not elapsed since the last flight review. However, if the review has been conducted by an inspector, the pilot would not be able to exercise the certificate privileges until successfully completing a reexamination practical test under 49 U.S.C. § 44709.

50.    Length of Review. A flight review consists of the general operating and flight rules of part 91 and those maneuvers and procedures that are necessary for the pilot to demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate. There are no specific requirements for the particular items or maneuvers to be reviewed. These matters are left to the discretion of the person giving the flight review.

a.    Minimum Training Time. The flight review consists of a minimum of 1 hour of ground instruction and 1 hour of flight instruction, except as provided for in § 61.56(d) and (e). A flight review may require more than 1 hour of ground instruction and 1 hour of flight instruction to complete a flight review. The regulations do not restrict the review to the minimum hour requirement. The person conducting the review determines whether more than 1 hour of flight and 1 hour of ground instruction are required for the review, depending on the experience and skills of the applicant.

b.    Current Flight Instructor. Section 61.197(a)(2)(iii) states in pertinent part that “the person has successfully completed an approved flight instructor refresher course consisting of ground training or flight training, or both.” Thus, flight instructor applicants who have successfully completed an approved FIRC do not need to have accomplished the 1 hour of ground training as required by § 61.56 for the flight review. Additionally, if the approved FIRC required at least 1 hour of flight training and the flight instructor applicant successfully completed that flight training, then the applicant does not need to complete the 1 hour of flight training as required by § 61.56 for the flight review. Otherwise, the applicant would be required to complete the 1 hour of flight training as required by § 61.56 for the flight review.

51.    Logbook Endorsements.

a.    Logbook Endorsement When Satisfactory. When a pilot has satisfactorily accomplished a flight review or competency check, the pilot’s logbook or personal record must be endorsed by the person who gave the review. That endorsement should read substantively as follows: MR./MS. [insert name of airman as it appears on airman certificate], HOLDER OF PILOT CERTIFICATE NO. [insert number as it appears on the airman certificate], HAS SATISFACTORILY COMPLETED A [insert type of review or competency check] ON [insert date] IN A [insert type of aircraft].

b.    Logbook Endorsement When Unsatisfactory. If, in the opinion of the person conducting the flight, the pilot has not accomplished a flight review satisfactorily, that person will endorse the pilot’s logbook only to indicate the training received. There is no provision in the regulation for the failure of a flight review; therefore, there should be no logbook endorsement reflecting a failure.

52.    Recent Instrument Experience, § 61.57. Section 61.57 requires a pilot to perform certain instrument tasks (in lieu of the old rule that required performance of minimum recurrency time requirements). The tasks required are six instrument approaches, holding procedures, and intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigation systems. Section 61.57 specifically does not identify the kinds of approaches or navigation systems to be used. To maintain instrument currency for glider rated pilots, the rule remains unchanged. In accordance with § 61.57(c)(2), glider rated pilots are required to have performed and logged under actual or simulated instrument conditions at least 3 hours of instrument time in-flight, of which 1-1/2 hours may be acquired in an airplane or a glider if no passengers are to be carried. If passengers are to be carried, the rule requires 3 hours of instrument time in-flight in a glider.

a.    Failure to Meet Instrument Currency. A pilot not meeting the instrument recency of experience requirement may not exercise the privileges of the instrument rating until the requirements are met. If the pilot fails to meet this recency of instrument experience for a period of 1 year, the pilot must pass an instrument proficiency check in the category of aircraft involved.

b.    Instrument Proficiency Check. An instrument proficiency check must be accomplished in a category of aircraft in which the pilot is rated and will consist of one or all of the procedures and maneuvers from the instrument pilot PTS. (See the Rating Task Table on page 16 of the current edition of FAA-S-8081-4, under the column labeled Instrument Proficiency Check in the Instrument Rating PTS.) The instrument proficiency check must be given by:

·    An FAA inspector,

·    An instrument pilot examiner,

·    A certificated instrument flight instructor, or

·    An authorized U.S. Armed Forces instrument examiner when conducted as an instrument proficiency check.

c.    Proficiency Check Unsatisfactory. If, in the opinion of the person conducting the instrument proficiency check, the pilot has not performed satisfactorily, no logbook endorsement is required. Flight instructors should be aware that the regulations do not provide for the failure of an instrument proficiency check; therefore, persons conducting instrument proficiency checks should not endorse a pilot’s logbook to reflect failure. If the instrument proficiency check is overdue, the pilot will not conduct IFR operations until an instrument check is satisfactorily accomplished.

d.    FTD or Simulators. Any FAA inspector may, at the request of the pilot involved, authorize the use, or partial use, of an FTD or simulator that meets the requirements of § 61.4, for all or part of the instrument proficiency check only, provided the device is authorized by the FAA for such use.

53.    High Performance Airplane Check, § 61.31(f). If a person has not logged flight time as PIC of a high‑performance airplane (an airplane with an engine of more than 200 horsepower) before August 4, 1997, the pilot must have received and logged ground and flight training from an authorized instructor in a high-performance airplane, or in a flight simulator or FTD that is representative of a high-performance airplane, and have been found proficient in the operation and systems of the airplane. Additionally, the person must have received a one-time endorsement in the pilot’s logbook from an authorized instructor who certifies the person is proficient to operate a high-performance airplane.

54.    Complex Airplane Check, § 61.31(e). If a person has not logged flight time as PIC of a complex airplane (an airplane that has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller; or, in the case of a seaplane, flaps and a controllable pitch propeller), before August 4, 1997, the pilot must have received and logged ground and flight training from an authorized instructor in a complex airplane, or in a flight simulator or FTD that is representative of a complex airplane, and have been found proficient in the operation and systems of the airplane. Additionally, the person must have received a one-time endorsement in the pilot’s logbook from an authorized instructor who certifies the person is proficient to operate a complex airplane.

55.    Self-Launching or Powered Sailplane Flight Checks. Self-launching sailplanes, powered sailplanes, motorized sailplanes, or motor gliders have become an increasingly common and popular type of aircraft for use in aviation sport flying. As a result of the revision to § 61.31(j), the glider rating will no longer contain limitations on the person’s pilot certificate. In place of the limitations, the new § 61.31(j) requires a person to receive training and a logbook endorsement to perform a certain kind of launch operation. For example, if a person seeks ground launch privileges, that person will be required to receive training from an authorized instructor and receive a logbook endorsement authorizing ground launch privileges. When that person seeks aero tow launch privileges, again that person will be required to receive training from an authorized instructor and receive a logbook endorsement authorizing aero tow launch privileges. The same procedure applies for the self-launching privileges. However, persons currently holding those limitations will continue to hold those limitations until that person upgrades their launch privileges and then the person may surrender his/her certificate and receive a new certificate without the limitations.

56.    Night Vision Goggles (NVG) Training, Endorsement, and Qualification for Pilots and Flight Instructors. On August 21, 2009, the FAA issued the “Pilot, Flight Instructor, and Pilot School Certification” final rule (74 FR 42500 42571, August 21, 2009). ASIs can retrieve and download this final rule at the following FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/rulemaking/recently_published/.

a.    Pilots Policy for NVG Operations. Per § 61.73(k), this new rule requires ground and flight training and a one-time instructor endorsement for a pilot to act as PIC during NVG operations. This final rule “grandfathers” PICs previously qualified as a PIC for NVG operations under § 61.31(k). Under new subparagraph (k)(3) a pilot will not need the “one-time” NVG training and endorsement, provided the pilot can document satisfactorily accomplishing any of the following pilot checks for using NVG in an aircraft:

(1)    A U.S. Armed Forces-conducted pilot proficiency check on NVG operations.
(2)    An examiner- or check airman-conducted pilot proficiency check on NVG operations under 14 CFR part 135.
(3)    An NVG manufacturer- or authorized instructor-conducted pilot proficiency check on NVG operations, when the pilot:
(a)    Is employed by a Federal, State, county, or municipal law enforcement agency; and
(b)    Has logged at least 20 hours as PIC in NVG operations.

b.    Pilots’ Recency of Experience Requirements for NVG Operations. The new § 61.57(f) establishes, as a recent flight experience requirement, that pilots remain PIC qualified for NVG operations. For a pilot to act as PIC using NVG with passengers onboard, the pilot, within the preceding 2 calendar-months, will have to perform and document the tasks under new § 61.57(f) as the sole manipulator of the controls during the time period beginning 1 hour after sunset and ending 1 hour before sunrise. If the pilot did not perform and log the tasks under § 61.57(f), then the FAA will allow the pilot an additional 2 calendar-months to perform and log the tasks under § 61.57(f). However, the FAA will not allow the pilot to carry passengers during this second 2-month period. If the pilot still did not perform and log the NVG tasks in revised § 61.57(f), during those additional 3 calendar-months, then the FAA will require the pilot to pass an NVG proficiency check to act as PIC using NVG. Section 61.57(f) lists the recent flight experience requirements for maintaining PIC qualifications for NVG operation. Those recent flight experience requirements are:

(1)    NVG Operating Experience. An individual may act as PIC in an NVG operation with passengers onboard only if, within 2 calendar-months preceding the month of the flight, that individual performs and logs the following tasks as the sole manipulator of the controls on a flight during an NVG operation:
(a)    Three takeoffs and three landings, with each takeoff and landing including a climb-out, cruise, descent, and approach phase of flight (only required if the pilot wants to use NVG during the takeoff and landing phases of the flight).
(b)    Three hovering tasks (only required if the pilot wants to use NVG when operating helicopters or powered-lifts during the hovering phase of flight).
(c)    Three area departure and area arrival tasks.
(d)    Three tasks of transitioning from aided night flight (i.e., the pilot uses NVG to maintain visual surface reference) to unaided night flight (i.e., the pilot does not use NVG) and back to aided night flight.
(e)    Three NVG operations, or when operating helicopters or powered-lifts, six NVG operations.
(f)        An individual may act as PIC using NVG only if, within the 4 calendar-months preceding the month of the flight, that pilot performs and logs the tasks listed in § 61.57(f)(1)(i) through (v) as the sole manipulator of the controls during an NVG operation.
(2)    NVG Proficiency Check. A pilot must either meet the NVG experience requirements of § 61.57(f)(1) or (f)(2) or pass an NVG proficiency check to act as PIC using NVG. The pilot must perform the proficiency check in the category of aircraft that is appropriate to the NVG operation for which the individual is seeking the NVG privilege or in a flight simulator (SIM) or FTD that is representative of that category of aircraft. The check must consist of the tasks listed in § 61.31(k) and one of the following people must perform the check:
(a)    An examiner qualified to perform NVG operations in that same aircraft category and class;
(b)    An individual authorized by the U.S. Armed Forces to perform NVG proficiency checks, provided the person being administered the check is also a member of the U.S. Armed Forces;
(c)    A company check pilot authorized to perform NVG proficiency checks under parts 121, 125, or 135, provided that both the check pilot and the pilot being tested are employees of that operator;
(d)    An authorized flight instructor qualified to perform NVG operations in that same aircraft category and class;
(e)    An individual qualified as PIC for NVG operations in accordance with paragraph (f); or
(f)    An individual who is FAA-approved to perform NVG proficiency checks.

c.    Policy for Flight Instructor Requirements for NVG Qualifications. Per the new § 61.195(k), a flight instructor authorized to conduct NVG training and endorsements must:

(1)    Hold the appropriate pilot and flight instructor certificate with the applicable category and class rating;
(2)    If appropriate, hold a type rating on his or her pilot certificate for the aircraft that the NVG training is given in;
(3)    Be PIC qualified for NVG operations, in accordance with § 61.31(k);
(4)    Have logged 100 NVG operations as the sole manipulator of the controls;
(5)    Have logged 20 NVG operations as the sole manipulator of the controls in the category and class, and type of aircraft, if aircraft class and type is appropriate, that the training will be given in;
(6)    Be qualified to act as PIC in NVG operations under § 61.57(f) or (g); and
(7)    Have a logbook endorsement from an FAA ASI, or an FAA-authorized individual to provide that logbook endorsement, that states the FAA authorizes the flight instructor to perform the NVG PIC qualification and recent flight experience requirements under § 61.31(k) and § 61.57(f) and (g).
(a)    Per § 61.195(k)(7), an FAA ASI or an FAA authorized individual is permitted to sign the logbook of a flight instructor to authorize a flight instructor to conduct NVG PIC qualification and recent flight experience training. It is expected that the FAA ASI and FAA-authorized individual have met the requirements of § 61.31(k)(3) and are NVG current in accordance with § 61.57(f) or (g).
(b)    However, depending on the qualifications and experience levels of our ASIs in the FSDOs and Regional Offices, we may have to consider “best qualified” criteria in selecting ASIs to perform this endorsement job assignment. Since this is a new program, AFS-810 is available for consultations with our FSDOs and Regional Offices on this subject matter.

Section 6. Conduct a Recreational Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the Recreational Pilot Certification Level

57.    General. The recreational pilot certificate was established in 1989 for persons seeking a lower cost alternative to the private pilot certificate. The recreational pilot certificate is intended for those persons interested in flying basic, experimental, or amateur-built airplanes and rotorcraft. Recreational pilots must operate in proximity to a home airport and in airspace that does not require communication with air traffic control facilities.

a.    Fifty Nautical Mile Limitation. The recreational pilot may not operate beyond 50 nautical miles (NM) of an airport at which the pilot has received ground and flight instruction from an authorized flight instructor. If a recreational pilot wishes to conduct flight(s) more than 50 NM from the original point of departure, that person must:

(1)    Receive the cross-country ground and flight training of part 61 subpart E that applies to aircraft rating held.
(2)    Be found proficient and receive from an authorized instructor a logbook endorsement, which is carried in the person’s possession in the aircraft.

b.    Eligibility Requirements.

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    To be eligible for a recreational pilot certificate, an applicant must be at least 17 years of age, hold at least a current third-class medical certificate, hold a student pilot certificate, and meet the applicable requirements of part 61 subpart D. The medical certificate may be FAA Form 8420-2 or FAA Form 8500-9. If the medical certificate bears any limitation which would require a special medical flight test, refer the applicant to the applicable FAA office.

c.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of flight training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of FAA Form 8710-1 in preparation for the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-1 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor that states the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(4)    An applicant for a recreational pilot certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.98(b) that is appropriate for the recreational pilot rating sought.

d.    Aeronautical Knowledge. The applicant must meet the aeronautical knowledge requirements of § 61.97.

(1)    The applicant must present a recreational pilot knowledge test report. However, a private pilot knowledge test report may be used in lieu of the recreational pilot knowledge test.

Note:  For the record, this is the only situation where the FAA has specifically allowed for a higher pilot certification level knowledge test to be used instead of the appropriate knowledge test. The reason for this policy is because the FAA made a determination that people who seek the recreational pilot certificate normally wait further on into their training to decide whether to seek a recreational pilot certificate or a private pilot certificate. Furthermore, the FAA determined that the private pilot knowledge test covers all of the recreational pilot knowledge test subject areas.

(2)    The holder of a recreational pilot certificate is not required to take a knowledge test in order to add a category rating to a recreational pilot certificate.

e.    Aeronautical Experience. The applicant must present acceptable evidence of meeting the minimum aeronautical experience requirements of §§ 61.99 or 61.100, as applicable.

f.    Training. The applicant must have met the applicable pre-solo training criteria required by § 61.87 and have received instruction in the flight proficiency requirements of § 61.98. The examiner must ensure that all required instruction is documented and all instructor logbook endorsements are present.

g.    Aeronautical Skill. The applicant must demonstrate aeronautical skill by satisfactorily completing the practical test prescribed by § 61.96(b)(7). The test will be conducted in accordance with the appropriate recreational pilot PTS.

h.    Category and Class Ratings. The category and class of aircraft used for the practical test is placed on a recreational pilot certificate. The following category and class ratings may be originally issued or added to recreational pilot certificates.

(1)    Airplane class ratings:
(a)    SINGLE-ENGINE LAND.
(b)    SINGLE-ENGINE SEA.
(2)    Rotorcraft class ratings:
(a)    HELICOPTER.
(b)    GYROPLANE.
Indicates new/changed information.

i.    Limitations. The DPE will enter the notation “Holder does not meet ICAO requirements ” on all recreational pilot certificates issued (Figure 7-19). Other possible limitations may include “Passenger carrying prohibited on flights more than 10 NM from [enter name of appropriate island]” on the certificate of an applicant whose aeronautical experience qualifies the applicant under § 61.100. This limitation may be removed by a DPE upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of compliance with the requirements of § 61.99(a)(1).

58.    Additional Category and Class Ratings. A recreational pilot seeking an additional category/class rating must meet the appropriate aeronautical knowledge, experience, and instruction requirements, carry a logbook that has been endorsed by an authorized instructor for each solo flight in an aircraft for which the pilot is not rated, and satisfactorily complete the appropriate practical test. An additional knowledge test is not required.

59.    Upgrading to a Private Pilot Certificate. A recreational pilot who desires certification as a private pilot must meet all the eligibility requirements for the private pilot certificate, appropriate to the category and class rating sought.

a.    Knowledge Test. The applicant must present an appropriate knowledge test report for the private pilot certificate and rating sought.

b.    Flight Instructor Endorsements. In order to complete all of the additional aeronautical experience required for the private pilot certificate, the recreational pilot must have a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor for each flight conducted that was not allowed under recreational pilot privileges and limitations.

c.    Upgrading to a Different Category. If an applicant holds a recreational pilot certificate in one category of aircraft and satisfactorily completes a practical test for a private pilot certificate in another category of aircraft, the recreational pilot certificate is superseded. The new private pilot certificate notes the category and class of the aircraft used for the private pilot practical test and indicates recreational pilot privileges in the category and class of aircraft that was on the superseded certificate.

Note:  For those aircraft category and class ratings that remain at the recreational pilot certification level, the certificate will continue to show the limitation “Holder does not meet ICAO requirements .”

60.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought.
(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action; thus, the applicant would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in the case of a lost logbook.
(2)    A student pilot certificate, or an airman certificate if for an additional category/class rating;
(3)    FAA Form 8420-2 or FAA Form 8500-9;
(4)    A recreational pilot or private pilot knowledge test report, if applicable;
(5)    A logbook or other records substantiating the aeronautical experience shown on the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1;
(6)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(7)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate;
(8)    The aircraft registration; and
(9)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 and logbook/training record. If the applicant has not brought all of the necessary documents, explain what is needed and return the documents to the applicant. Reschedule the appointment, if the applicant requests you to do so.

(1)    If the applicant has not brought all of the necessary documents, explain what is needed and return the documents to the applicant.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment if requested to do so.

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on FAA Form 8710-1 is accurate, legible, and complete.

(1)    In section I, ensure that the applicant has checked “Recreational.” If the applicant is seeking an additional aircraft rating, ensure that the applicant has checked “Additional Aircraft Rating” and the appropriate aircraft category.
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of FAA Form 8710-1 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.
(3)    Ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement no more than 60 calendar-days before FAA Form 8710-1 was submitted. This endorsement should be on the signed FAA Form 8710-1. Review the applicant’s training record or logbook to ensure the applicant has received at least 3 hours of training within the 60 calendar-days before the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA Form 8710-1, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately report this to the FAA office.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine that the applicant meets the specific eligibility, knowledge, and experience requirements for certification as a recreational pilot. (See §§ 61.96, 61.97, 61.98, 61.99, and 61.100, as applicable.)

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    Ensure that the applicant holds at least a third-class medical certificate.
(3)    Inspect the applicant’s medical certificate to ensure that it does not bear any limitation that would make a special medical flight test necessary.
(4)    Inspect the applicant’s student pilot certificate for current solo and solo cross-country endorsements.
(5)    Check the record of flight time in section III of FAA Form 8710-1 to determine that the applicant has the minimum aeronautical experience required for the certificate and rating sought.
(6)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or other reliable record(s)/training record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements are recorded.
(7)    Examine the knowledge test report.
(8)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV of FAA Form 8710-1, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49.
(9)    If the applicant is located on an island from which the required flights cannot be accomplished without flying over water, refer to § 61.100.
(10)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved training program, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant is in compliance with the requirements of § 61.71.
(11)    If the applicant is a graduate of an approved pilot school, the examiner should check the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that the applicant will be able to pass the practical test within 60 calendar-days from the date on the graduation certificate. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or rating under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements under part 61 for the pilot certificate or rating sought.

f.    Requirements for an Additional Category/Class Rating. The requirements are the same as in subparagraph 60e above except that the knowledge test is not required.

g.    Aircraft Requirements. Ensure the applicant has the proper aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration to determine that the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for the practical test. After review, return the documents to the applicant.

h.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return FAA Form 8710-1 and all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment if requested to do so.

i.    Conduct Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the certificate sought, accept FAA Form 8710-1 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the recreational pilot PTS. If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).

j.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant did not meet the applicable standards for the certificate sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval of Application and retain the original for the certification file.
(3)    Retain FAA Form 8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
(4)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

k.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has met all requirements for the certificate sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.

(1)    Enter the notation “Holder does not meet ICAO requirements ” and enter all appropriate limitations.
(2)    Verify that all information on FAA Form 8060-4 is correct. Sign the temporary airman certificate and direct the applicant to sign line VII.
(3)    Retain the original for the certification file and give the applicant the copy of the temporary certificate.
(4)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

l.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

(1)    Mail the completed certification file to the managing FAA office not later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the practical test.
(2)    IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.

Section 7. Conduct a Sport Pilot Certification

61.    General. The sport pilot certificate was established in 2004 for persons seeking a certificate to fly aircraft that meet the definition of light sport aircraft as defined in 14 CFR part 1, § 1.1.

a.    Eligibility Requirements. To be eligible for a sport pilot certificate for airplane, gyroplane, weight shift control, powered parachute, and airship, an applicant must be at least 17 years of age, hold at least a current third-class airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license, student pilot certificate, and meet the applicable requirements of part 61 subpart J. The airman medical certificate may be an FAA Form 8420-2 or FAA Form 8500-9. If the airman medical certificate bears any limitation, which would make a special medical flight test necessary, refer the applicant to the FSDO.

Note:  If you are applying to operate a balloon or glider, you must be 16 years of age, and a valid U.S. driver’s license or airman medical certificate is not required.

b.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of flight training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of an FAA Form 8710-11, in preparation for the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-11 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor that states the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(4)    An applicant for a sport pilot certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by part 61 subpart J that is appropriate for the sport pilot privilege sought.

c.    Aeronautical Knowledge. The applicant must meet the aeronautical knowledge requirements of part 61 subpart J.

(1)    The applicant must present a sport pilot airmen knowledge test report, if required.
(2)    The holder of a sport pilot certificate is not required to take a knowledge test in order to receive a logbook entry for a category/class privilege.

d.    Aeronautical Experience. The applicant must present acceptable evidence of meeting the minimum aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.313 or § 61.329, as applicable.

e.    Training. The applicant must have met the applicable presolo training criteria required by § 61.87 and have received instruction in the flight proficiency requirements of § 61.313. The examiner must ensure that all required instruction is documented and all instructor logbook endorsements are present.

f.    Aeronautical Skill. The applicant must demonstrate aeronautical skill by satisfactorily completing the practical test prescribed by § 61.307(b). The test will be conducted in accordance with the appropriate Sport Pilot PTS.

g.    Category and Class Privileges. The category and class of aircraft used for the practical test will not be placed on a sport pilot certificate. A logbook entry will be required for each category/class and make and model privilege.

62.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-11 may be completed using IACRA. The applicant will complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. A special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on the FAA Form 8710-11 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or privilege sought. The completion of section III, Record of Pilot Time, is required to be accurately and fully completed by the applicant. Per § 61.39(a)(7), an applicant must have a completed application and that includes completion of section III, Record of Pilot Time.
(2)    A student pilot certificate.
(3)    An FAA Form 8420-2, FAA Form 8500-9, or a valid U.S. driver’s license.
(4)    A sport pilot or sport pilot instructor knowledge test report, if applicable.
(5)    A logbook or other records substantiating the aeronautical experience shown on the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-11.
(6)    The aircraft maintenance records.
(7)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate.
(8)    The aircraft registration.
(9)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in subparagraph 62a.

(1)    If the applicant has not brought all of the necessary documents, explain what is needed and return the documents to the applicant.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment, if requested to do so.

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on the FAA Form 8710-11 is presented accurately and is complete.

(1)    In section I, ensure that the applicant has checked “Sport Pilot .”
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the FAA Form 8710-11 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 28.
(3)    Ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement no more than 60 calendar-days before the FAA Form 8710-11 was submitted. Review the applicant’s logbook or training record to ensure the applicant has received at least 3 hours of training within the preceding 60 calendar-days before the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on the FAA Form 8710-11.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA Form 8710-11 or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, immediately report this to AFS-610 and discontinue the task.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine if the applicant meets the specific eligibility, knowledge, and experience requirements for certification as a sport pilot. (See §§ 61.305, 61.307, 61.309, 61.311, and 61.313, as applicable.)

(1)    Ensure that the applicant holds at least a third-class airman medical certificate or valid U.S. driver’s license.
(2)    Inspect the applicant’s airman medical certificate, if appropriate, to ensure that it does not bear any limitation that would make a special airman medical flight test necessary.
(3)    Inspect the applicant’s student pilot certificate for current solo and solo cross-country endorsements.
(4)    Check the record of flight time in section III of FAA Form 8710-11 to determine if the applicant has the minimum aeronautical experience required for the certificate and privileges sought.
(5)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or training record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements are recorded (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 24e).
(6)    Examine the knowledge test report.
(7)    If the applicant has checked the “Yes ” box of section IV of FAA Form 8710-11, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49.
(8)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved training program, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant is in compliance with the requirements of § 61.71.
(9)    If the applicant is a graduate of an approved pilot school, the examiner should check the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that the practical test will be able to be passed within 60 calendar-days from the date on the graduation certificate. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or privilege under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements under part 61 for the pilot certificate or privilege sought.

f.    Aircraft Requirements. Ensure the applicant has the proper aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration to determine if the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for this practical test. After review, return the documents to the applicant.

g.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment, if requested to do so.

h.    Conduct Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the certificate sought, accept the FAA Form 8710-11 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the Sport Pilot PTS and this section.

(1)    If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).
(2)    Return all submitted documents to the applicant with the original of the letter of discontinuance.
(3)    Explain how the applicant may complete the test at a later date and reschedule the test if requested to do so.

i.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant did not meet the applicable standards for the certificate sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the FAA Form 8060-5. Give the applicant a copy of the FAA Form 8060-5.
(3)    Keep FAA Form 8710-11 and send FAA Form 8060-5 to AFS-610. Return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
(4)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

j.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has met all requirements for the certificate sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.

(1)    Verify that all information on FAA Form 8060-4 is correct. Sign the FAA Form 8060-4 and direct the applicant to sign line VII of FAA Form 8060-4.
(2)    Give the applicant the copy of the FAA Form 8060-4. Ensure that the limitation: “Holder does not meet ICAO requirements” is noted on the temporary airman certificate.
(3)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s logbook or training records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

k.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

Section 8. Conduct a Private Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the Private Pilot Certification Level

63.    General. The examiner conducting the practical test reviews the applicant’s aircraft maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, airworthiness certificate, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) aircraft station license (if applicable), and aircraft registration to determine that the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for the practical test.

64.    Eligibility Requirements. The applicant must meet all the applicable requirements of part 61 subpart E.

a.    Graduate of an Approved Training Program. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who presents an appropriate graduation certificate within 60 calendar-days after graduating from an approved training program certificated under part 141 and who passed the appropriate practical test is considered to have met the prerequisite aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.109.

b.    Graduate of an Approved School with Examining Authority. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who graduated from an approved pilot school that holds examining authority is considered to have met the prerequisite eligibility requirements for the private pilot certificate if the applicant applies within 60 calendar-days of graduation and passed the appropriate practical test from the school that holds the appropriate examining authority.

c.    Not a Graduate of an Approved School. If the applicant is not a graduate of an approved pilot school, or has not applied and passed the practical test for the private pilot certificate within the times specified for approved school graduates, the applicant must meet all the applicable prerequisite eligibility requirements of part 61 subpart E.

d.    Aeronautical Knowledge. A private pilot knowledge test report or private pilot test report from an approved school with knowledge test examining authority is the only acceptable form of evidence to verify the applicant has passed the private pilot knowledge test for a private pilot certificate.

(1)    The format of the knowledge test report from an approved school or Computer Test Provider must include an embossed seal in the lower right corner and the testing facility’s name and air agency designation number.
(2)    The holder of a category rating for powered aircraft is not required to take a knowledge test for the addition of another category rating to a private pilot certificate.

e.    Aeronautical Experience. The applicant must present a pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought and to substantiate the aeronautical experience shown on FAA Form 8710-1.

(1)    Military pilot flight time records may be used to show the required flight time if the records meet the requirements of § 61.51.
(2)    If the examiner is unable to determine whether the records presented show clear evidence of the required aeronautical experience, the applicant must be referred to the FSDO.
(3)    In accordance with § 61.109, an applicant for a private pilot certificate must have received at least 3 hours of flight training in the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments.
(4)    An applicant for a private pilot certificate must have received at least 3 hours of night flight training (except for the glider and balloon ratings) and an instructor endorsement in accordance with the appropriate provisions of § 61.109. Except as provided in § 61.110, the applicant’s records must indicate that all required night flight training has been received.

f.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of flight training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-1 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who states that the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(4)    An applicant for a private pilot certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.107(b) that is appropriate for the private pilot rating sought.
(5)    The applicant’s student pilot certificate and logbook must contain the appropriate solo flight endorsement(s).
(6)    The applicant’s student pilot certificate and logbook must contain the appropriate solo cross-country endorsement(s).

65.    Limitations.

a.    Night Flying Limitations. In accordance with § 61.110, a person who receives flight training in and resides in the state of Alaska:

(1)    May be issued a pilot certificate with the limitation “NIGHT FLYING PROHIBITED.”
(2)    Must comply with the appropriate night flight training requirements of this subpart within 12 calendar‑months after the issuance of the pilot certificate.

b.    Cross-Country Limitations. The limitations “PASSENGER CARRYING PROHIBITED ON FLIGHTS MORE THAN 10 NM FROM [the appropriate island]” and “HOLDER DOES NOT MEET THE CROSS‑COUNTRY FLIGHT REQUIREMENTS OF ICAO” will be entered on the certificate of an applicant whose cross country experience qualifies under the provisions of § 61.111(c). Cross-country limitations may be removed by an examiner when the certificate holder has complied with the applicable solo cross-country requirements and has passed a practical test on cross-country flying.

c.    English Language. If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.

d.    Lighter-than-Air Limitations. If appropriate, the examiner places one of the following limitations on a certificate with lighter-than-air category and balloon class ratings:

(1)    LIMITED TO HOT AIR BALLOONS WITH AIRBORNE HEATER.
(2)    LIMITED TO HOT AIR BALLOONS WITHOUT AIRBORNE HEATER.

66.    Categories and Classes. The category of aircraft used for the practical test is placed on a private pilot certificate. With the exception of private pilot glider and powered-lift certificates, the class rating is also placed on the certificate.

a.    Airplane Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to private pilot airplane certificates:

(1)    SINGLE-ENGINE LAND.
(2)    MULTIENGINE LAND.
(3)    SINGLE-ENGINE SEA.
(4)    MULTIENGINE SEA.

b.    Rotorcraft Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to private pilot rotorcraft certificates:

(1)    HELICOPTER.
(2)    GYROPLANE.

c.    Lighter-than-Air Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to private pilot lighter-than-air certificates:

(1)    AIRSHIP.
(2)    BALLOON.

d.    Powered Lift Category Rating. Only the powered lift category rating is added to a private pilot certificate to read: POWERED-LIFT.

e.    Glider Category Rating. Only the glider category rating is added to a private pilot certificate to read: GLIDER.

67.    Recreational Pilot Upgrades. A recreational pilot who desires certification as a private pilot must meet all the prerequisite eligibility requirements appropriate to the category and class sought for the private pilot certificate. Since a recreational pilot is limited to flight within 50 NM of the departure airport, the recreational pilot’s logbook must be endorsed by a flight instructor for each operation not allowed by the recreational pilot certificate.

a.    Knowledge Test. The applicant for an upgrade to a private pilot certificate must pass the appropriate private pilot knowledge test, unless the applicant previously passed the appropriate private pilot knowledge test when the applicant obtained his or her recreational pilot certificate. In the case of an applicant who claims to have previously passed the private pilot knowledge test, that applicant must obtain documentation from AFS-760 [FAA, Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760), PO Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125-0082; FAX number: (405) 954-9922] that shows satisfactory completion of that private pilot knowledge test. That documentation must accompany the applicant’s submitted FAA Form 8710-1 application. There are short private pilot knowledge tests authorized for holders of recreational pilot certificates with airplane, helicopter, and gyroplane privileges who wish to upgrade to a private pilot certificate for the same category of aircraft.

Indicates new/changed information.

b.    Certificate. The private pilot certificate supersedes the recreational pilot certificate. If a different category of aircraft is used for the practical test, the recreational pilot privileges from the superseded certificate are shown on the private pilot certificate under recreational pilot privileges. (See Figure 7-20.)

Section 9. Conduct a Commercial Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the Commercial Pilot Certification Level

68.    General. The examiner will determine whether the applicant’s aircraft is airworthy and suitable for the practical test after the review of the aircraft’s maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, airworthiness certificate, FCC aircraft station license (if applicable), and aircraft registration.

a.    Commercial Pilot Privileges. The provisions of § 61.133 allow a commercial pilot to act as PIC of an aircraft for compensation or hire. During the practical test, the examiner should determine whether the applicant is aware of the types of flight operations and regulatory requirements found in 14 CFR parts 91, 119, 133, 135, and 137 that affect these privileges.

b.    Limitations. An airman must observe any operating limitation that is placed on a pilot certificate until the limitation is removed from the certificate. Any limitations on the applicant’s private pilot certificate that were not removed before the commercial certificate is issued must be placed on the commercial certificate unless the applicant presents evidence that the limitations no longer apply.

69.    Eligibility Requirements. The applicant must meet all the applicable prerequisite requirements of part 61 subpart F. Except for glider or balloon pilots, the applicant must hold at least a third-class medical certificate to be eligible for the original issuance of a commercial pilot certificate.

a.    English Requirement. If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.

b.    Graduate of an Approved Training Program. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who presents an appropriate graduation certificate within 60 calendar-days after graduating from an approved training program certificated under part 141 or 142 is considered to have met the prerequisite aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.129.

c.    Graduate of an Approved School with Examining Authority. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who graduated from an approved pilot school that holds examining authority is considered to have met the prerequisite eligibility requirements for the commercial pilot certificate if the applicant applies within 60 calendar-days of graduation and the school holds the appropriate examining authority.

d.    Not a Graduate of an Approved School. If the applicant is not a graduate of an approved pilot school, or has not applied for a commercial pilot certificate within the times specified for approved school graduates, the applicant must meet all the applicable prerequisite eligibility requirements of part 61 subpart F.

e.    Second-in-Command (SIC) Time. The examiner will ensure that SIC time credited toward the commercial pilot certification requirements was accrued in an aircraft that required more than one pilot (per § 61.51(f)).

f.    Added Category Ratings to a Commercial Certificate. The holder of a commercial certificate with a category rating for powered aircraft need not take an additional knowledge test for the addition of another aircraft category rating to that commercial certificate. The applicant must present at least a third-class medical certificate to take a practical test for an additional category/class rating in a powered aircraft.

g.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of flight training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-1 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who states that the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(4)    An applicant for a commercial pilot certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.127(b) that is appropriate for the commercial pilot rating sought.
(5)    The applicant’s logbook must contain the appropriate solo flight endorsement(s), if applicable.

70.    Categories and Classes. The category of aircraft used for the practical test is placed on a commercial pilot certificate. With the exception of commercial pilot glider or powered-lift certificates, the class rating is also placed on the certificate.

a.    Airplane Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to commercial pilot airplane certificates:

(1)    SINGLE-ENGINE LAND.
(2)    MULTIENGINE LAND.
(3)    SINGLE-ENGINE SEA.
(4)    MULTIENGINE SEA.

b.    Rotorcraft Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to commercial pilot rotorcraft certificates:

(1)    HELICOPTER.
(2)    GYROPLANE.

c.    Lighter-than-Air Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to commercial pilot lighter-than-air certificates:

(1)    AIRSHIP.
(2)    BALLOON.

d.    Lighter-than-Air Limitations. If appropriate, the examiner places one of the following limitations on a certificate with lighter-than-air category and balloon class ratings:

(1)    LIMITED TO HOT AIR BALLOONS WITH AIRBORNE HEATER.
(2)    LIMITED TO HOT AIR BALLOONS WITHOUT AIRBORNE HEATER.

e.    Powered Lift Category Rating. Only the powered lift category rating is added to a commercial pilot certificate to read: POWERED-LIFT.

f.    Glider Category Rating. Only the glider category rating is added to a commercial pilot certificate to read: GLIDER.

g.    Private Pilot Privileges. The commercial pilot certificate supersedes the private pilot certificate. If a different category of aircraft is used for the practical test, the private pilot privileges from the superseded certificate are shown on the commercial pilot certificate under private privileges.

71.    Instructor Privileges in Lighter-Than-Air Aircraft. A commercial pilot with a lighter-than-air category rating on the airman’s pilot certificate may give instruction in balloons or airships as appropriate to the rating held.

a.    Test Requirements. The Commercial Pilot PTS for the Lighter-than-Air Category—Balloon Class contains Areas of Operations that specifically test flight instructor responsibilities for lighter-than-air applicants.

b.    Holders of Instructor Certificates. Examiners may omit Area of Operations I, fundamentals of instructing (FOI), when conducting a practical test for an airman who already holds a current flight instructor certificate and is applying for a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating and a balloon class rating.

72.    Complex Airplane Requirements. A complex airplane for the airplane single-engine land or airplane multiengine land rating is one that has retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable propeller. A complex airplane for the airplane single-engine sea or airplane multiengine sea rating is one having flaps, floats, and a controllable propeller. A controllable propeller may be controlled manually by the pilot or automatically controlled by a full-authority digital electronic control (FADEC) system.

73.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-1, which must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A-U completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section IIA(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from a FAA-approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). Section IID must also be completed if the Commercial application is based off the airman’s foreign license. Also the airman must have had his/her foreign license verified for validity prior to making application. The Verification letter must be attached to the commercial application. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought. Section IV must be answered “YES” or “NO” if a practical test was administered. If “YES,” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action; thus, the applicant would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in the case of a lost logbook.
(2)    An appropriate airman certificate per § 61.123(h).
(3)    At least a current third-class medical certificate (FAA Form 8500-9), if applicable.
(4)    A commercial pilot knowledge test report, if applicable.
(5)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable.
(6)    A pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought and to substantiate the aeronautical experience shown on FAA Form 8710-1.
(7)    The aircraft maintenance records.
(8)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate.
(9)    The aircraft registration.
(10)    The FCC aircraft station license, if applicable.
(11)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in subparagraph 73a(1) through (11).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on FAA Form 8710-1 is accurate, legible, and complete.

(1)    In section I on the form, ensure that the applicant has checked “Commercial.” If the applicant is seeking an additional airplane rating, ensure that the applicant has checked “Additional Aircraft Rating” and the appropriate aircraft category/class.
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the form is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.
(3)    Ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement no more than 60 calendar-days before FAA Form 8710-1 was submitted.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA Form 8710-1, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately report the matter to the FSDO.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine that the applicant meets the specific eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and flight proficiency requirements for certification as a commercial pilot.

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    If the applicant is applying for a powered aircraft rating, ensure that the applicant holds at least a current third-class medical certificate.
(3)    If the applicant’s medical certificate or SODA, if any, bears any limitation that would make a special medical flight test necessary, refer the applicant to the FSDO.
(4)    Check the record of aeronautical experience in section III of FAA Form 8710-1 to determine that the applicant has the minimum flight experience required for the certificate and rating sought (§ 61.129).
(5)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved training program, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant is in compliance with the requirements of § 61.71.
(6)    If the applicant is a graduate of an approved pilot school, check the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that the practical test will be passed within 60 calendar-days from the date on the graduation certificate. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or rating under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements for the pilot certificate or rating sought.
(7)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements are recorded.
(8)    If the applicant has checked the “Yes” box of section IV on FAA Form 8710-1, verify that the applicant has the necessary instruction and appropriate endorsement.
(9)    Examine the commercial pilot knowledge test report or test report from an approved school with knowledge test authority, as applicable.

f.    Requirements for an Additional Category/Class Rating. The requirements are the same as in subparagraph 73e above except that the knowledge test is not required if the applicant already has a powered aircraft rating. The applicant must hold at least a current third-class medical certificate when applying for an additional category/class rating in a powered aircraft.

g.    Aircraft Requirements. In the presence of the examiner, the applicant will review the aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, FCC aircraft station license (if applicable), and aircraft registration to determine that the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for this practical test. After the review, the examiner will return the documents to the applicant.

h.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return FAA Form 8710-1 and all submitted documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment if requested to do so.

i.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the certificate and/or rating sought, accept FAA Form 8710-1 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the Commercial Pilot PTS and this section.

(1)    Practical Test Not Completed for Reasons Other Than Unsatisfactory Performance. Issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).
(2)    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant does not meet the applicable standards for the certificate sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.
(a)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(b)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval and retain the original for the certification file.
(c)    Retain FAA Form 8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
(d)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.
(3)    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.
(a)    Enter the correct limitations, if appropriate.

1.    Enter “NOT VALID FOR FLIGHTS REQUIRING THE USE OF RADIO” if the applicant is hearing-impaired and/or speech impaired. (Only an inspector may remove this limitation.)

Indicates new/changed information.

2.     Enter “NOT VALID FOR CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS FOR HIRE IN AIRPLANES ON CROSS-COUNTRY FLIGHTS OF MORE THAN 50 NM, OR AT NIGHT” if the airman has no instrument rating. (See Figure 7-21.)

3.    Enter any limitations carried forward from the private pilot certificate if the applicant has not met the requirements for removal of those limitations.

(b)    Verify that all information on the temporary airman certificate is correct. Sign the temporary airman certificate and direct the applicant to sign line VII of the temporary airman certificate.
(c)    Retain the original for the certification file and give the applicant the copy of the temporary airman certificate.
(d)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

j.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

(1)    Mail the completed certification file to the managing FSDO no later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the test.
(2)    IACRA files may be sent directly to AFS-760.
Indicates new/changed information.

Section 10. Conduct an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the ATP Certification Level

74.    General. Designees shall refer to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 18 for tasks associated with conducting an ATP certification, including additional category/class ratings at the ATP certificate level.

Section 11. Conduct an Instrument Rating Certification

75.    General. An applicant for an instrument rating must meet all applicable requirements of § 61.65(a).

a.    Instrument Rating Practical Test. When taking the Instrument Rating practical test, the applicant must pass the required Areas of Operation listed in § 61.65(c). If a flight simulator or FTD is used for any portion of the instrument approach task on the practical test, the instrument approach tasks are limited to one precision and one nonprecision approach. At least one instrument approach must be performed in the aircraft in flight. At least one precision and one nonprecision approach not selected for being performed during the actual flight portion of the practical test may be performed in an approved flight simulator or approved FTD that meet the requirements of appendix 1 of the Instrument Rating PTS.

b.    Flight Simulators or Flight Training Devices. Instrument training conducted in a flight simulator or FTD may only be logged when given by an authorized instructor. (See § 61.1(b)(2) and (10).) The applicant may use a flight simulator or FTD for 20 hours of the required instrument training time if the training was not administered under part 142. The applicant may use a flight simulator or FTD for 30 hours of instrument training if the training was administered under part 142. Such time should be logged by the applicant as instrument training time received. The training must be received from an authorized instructor (See § 61.1(b)(2) and (10)). An applicant may use a BATD or AATD for a maximum of 10 hours of the required instrument training that is allowed to be performed in a flight simulator or FTD. (See the current edition of AC 61-126.)

c.    Knowledge Test. The applicant must satisfactorily complete the instrument knowledge test for the category of aircraft to be used for the practical test (airplane, powered-lift, or helicopter). An applicant for the instrument rating knowledge test must have received “…a logbook or training record endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the person is prepared to take the required knowledge test…” (See § 61.65(a)(4).) Therefore, the knowledge test results report alone is not acceptable as meeting the requirements of § 61.65(a)(4) for the logbook or training record endorsement. An additional knowledge test is not required if the applicant already holds an unrestricted instrument rating on a U.S. pilot certificate.

d.    Practical Test. The Instrument Rating PTS requires an applicant to be tested on three different kinds of instrument approaches, consisting of one precision approach and two nonprecision approaches. The precision approach may be an ILS approach, a GLS approach, or an MLS approach. A PAR is not authorized as a precision approach on the practical test. Additionally, although LPV is technically not considered a precision approach, it can be used as a precision approach. The GPS equipment must be instrument certified and contain the current database. Although LPV and LNAV/VNAV approaches are technically nonprecision approaches, because of the availability of a glide path they may not be used to demonstrate nonprecision approaches.

(1)    For the selection of the nonprecision approaches, the examiner may choose to test on any two of the following nonprecision instrument approaches using different kinds of navigation systems:

·    N on-directional radio beacon (NDB),

·    Localizer-type directional aid (LDA),

·    Very high frequency (VHF) omni-directional range station (VOR),

·    Global positioning system (GPS),

·    Simplified Directional Facility (SDF), and

·    Localizer (LOC).

(2)    Although LPV approaches are technically nonprecision, due to the precision of its glide path and its localizer-like lateral navigation characteristics, an LPV can be used to demonstrate precision approach during the instrument practical test. Consequently, ILS, GLS, MLS, or LPV can be used to demonstrate a precision approach.
(3)    The required radio equipment that must be installed and operational on the aircraft must provide for communications with ATC, and for the performance of the required nonprecision approaches and precision approaches.
(4)    If the practical test is conducted in the aircraft, and the aircraft has an operable and properly installed GPS, the examiner will require and the applicant must demonstrate GPS approach proficiency. If the applicant has contracted for training in an approved course that includes GPS training in the system that is installed in the aircraft/simulator/FTD, and the aircraft/simulator/FTD used for the checking/testing has the same system properly installed and operable, the applicant must demonstrate GPS approach proficiency.

Note:  If any avionics/navigation unit, including GPS, in the aircraft used for the practical test is placarded inoperative, the examiner will review the maintenance log to verify that the discrepancy has been properly documented.

76.    Eligibility Requirements. The applicant for an instrument rating must meet all the applicable requirements of § 61.65 and hold at least a private pilot certificate and a current third-class medical certificate.

a.    Graduate of an Approved School. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who presents an appropriate graduation certificate within 60 calendar-days after graduating from an approved pilot school certificated under part 141 is considered to have met the prerequisite applicable aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.65. The applicant must hold at least a private or commercial pilot certificate.

b.    Not a Graduate of an Approved School. If the applicant is not a graduate of an approved pilot school, or has not applied for an instrument rating within the times specified for approved school graduates, the applicant must meet all the applicable prerequisite eligibility requirements of § 61.65.

c.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of instrument training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who states that the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(3)    The applicant must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.65(c) that is appropriate for the instrument rating sought.
(4)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-1.

77.    Types of Instrument Ratings Issued. Three types of instrument ratings are issued.

a.    Airplane. An applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating in an airplane is issued an INSTRUMENT—AIRPLANE rating.

b.    Helicopter. An applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating in a helicopter is issued an INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER rating.

c.    Powered-lift. An applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating in a powered-lift is issued an INSTRUMENT—POWERED-LIFT rating.

d.    Additional Category. The holder of an instrument rating who applies for an instrument rating in another category of aircraft is not required to take another knowledge test, but is required to take the practical test for the category of aircraft to be added.

78.    Flight Controls. An aircraft provided for an instrument rating practical test must have engine power controls and flight controls that are easily reached and operable in a conventional manner by both pilots. A throw over yoke is not acceptable for the practical test.

79.    Use of Nonapproved Instrument Approach Procedures. The use of any instrument approach procedure (IAP) not approved under 14 CFR part 97 for a certification practical test is not authorized. Nonapproved approach procedures do not meet the instrument instruction requirements of § 61.65(d) and may not be used to satisfy the requirements of any portion of an instrument rating practical test. Examples of nonapproved approach procedures would be substituting a published approach procedure for one VOR at a different VOR location or using a published NDB approach procedure at a commercial radio station.

80.    Limitations. If an applicant holds both single-engine and multiengine class ratings on a pilot certificate and takes the instrument rating practical test in a single-engine airplane, the certificate issued must bear the limitation “Multiengine Limited To VFR Only .” If the applicant takes the test in a multiengine airplane, the instrument privileges will be automatically conferred for the airplane single-engine rating.

a.    Limited to Center Thrust. An applicant may accomplish an Instrument-Airplane rating practical test in a multiengine airplane that is limited to center thrust. There is no need to place the “Limited to Center Thrust ” limitation on the applicant’s pilot certificate provided the Airplane Multiengine Land rating is not limited to center thrust. If the applicant’s Airplane Multiengine Land rating is limited to center thrust then the limitation will already be on the pilot certificate.

b.    ATP Certificate. An instrument rating may be added to an ATP certificate if it is associated with a category/class rating held at the commercial or private pilot level (e.g., AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT, AIRPLANE SINGLE- AND MULTIENGINE LAND, COMMERCIAL PRIVILEGES ROTORCRAFT—HELICOPTER, and INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER).

81.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-1, which must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A-U completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section IIA(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. (If tested in a simulator, since section can be omitted.) The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from a FAA-approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). If the application is a § 61.75 and the applicant is adding instrument US TEST PASSED, section IID must also be completed if the application is based off the airman’s foreign license. Also the airman must have had his/her foreign license verified for validity prior to making application. The verification letter must be attached to the application. The applicant must ensure he or she completes section III, Record of Pilot Time. A special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought. Section IV must be answered “YES” or “NO” if a practical test was administered. If “YES,” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action; thus, the applicant would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in the case of a lost logbook.
(2)    The appropriate pilot certificate and aircraft rating per § 61.65(a)(1);
(3)    A current FAA Form 8500-9, third-class Medical Certificate, and SODA, if applicable;
(4)    An instrument knowledge test report for the applicable category of aircraft (initial instrument rating only);
(5)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable;
(6)    A pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the instrument rating sought and to substantiate the aeronautical experience shown on FAA Form 8710-1;
(7)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(8)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate;
(9)    The aircraft registration;
(10)    A view limiting device (approved by the DPE); and
(11)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in paragraph 84a(1) through (11).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on FAA Form 8710-1 is accurate, legible, and complete.

(1)    In section I on the form, ensure that the applicant has checked “Instrument.”
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the form is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.
(3)    Ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement no more than 60 calendar-days before the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA Form 8710-1, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately report the matter to the FSDO.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine if the applicant meets the specific eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and instrument training requirements for an instrument rating per § 61.65.

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    Verify that the applicant holds at least a valid private pilot certificate with an aircraft rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought.
(3)    Ensure that the applicant holds at least a current third-class medical certificate.
(4)    Check the record of aeronautical experience in section III on FAA Form 8710-1 application to determine that the applicant has the minimum aeronautical experience required for the instrument rating sought. (See § 61.65(d).)
(5)    Verify that the applicant has used no more than 20 hours of instrument training in a flight simulator or FTD (§ 61.65(e)(2)) to meet the aeronautical experience requirements and that the time has been certified by an authorized instructor. If the applicant has been trained under part 142, the applicant may use a maximum of 30 hours in a flight simulator or FTD (§ 61.65(e)(1)). Of the 20 or 30 hours, as appropriate, only 10 hours is authorized in a BATD or AATD.
(6)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved pilot school, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that it is dated within the previous 60 calendar-days.
(7)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 24e) are recorded.
(8)    Examine the applicant’s instrument knowledge test report or instrument test report from an approved school with knowledge test authority, as applicable. Verify that the applicant has passed the instrument knowledge test appropriate to the category of aircraft for which the instrument rating is sought. If the applicant already holds an instrument rating, a knowledge test is not required.
(9)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV on FAA Form 8710-1, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49.

f.    Aircraft Requirements. The applicant will review the aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration for the purpose of demonstrating aeronautical knowledge about how to determine whether an aircraft is airworthy and suitable for flight.

g.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return FAA Form 8710-1 and all submitted documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment, if requested to do so.

h.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the instrument rating sought, accept the FAA Form 8710-1 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the Instrument Rating PTS and chapter 7, section 2.

(1)    Practical Test Not Completed for Reasons Other Than Unsatisfactory Performance. Issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).
(2)    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant does not meet the applicable standards for the instrument rating sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.
(a)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(b)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval and retain the original for the certification file.
(c)    Retain the FAA Form 8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
(d)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.
(3)    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the instrument rating sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.
(a)    Indicate the appropriate instrument rating, e.g., “INSTRUMENT—AIRPLANE,” “INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER,” or “INSTRUMENT—POWERED-LIFT.”
(b)    Enter any appropriate limitation(s) if the applicant holds an airplane multiengine class rating (land or sea) and completes the practical test in a single-engine airplane or in a multiengine airplane limited to center thrust.
(c)    Sign the applicant’s FAA Form 8060-4 and direct the applicant to sign line VII of the form.
(d)    Retain the original for the certification file and give the applicant the copy of the temporary airman certificate.
(e)    Sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

i.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

(1)    Mail the completed certification file to the managing FSDO no later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the test.
(2)    IACRA files may be sent directly to AFS-760.

Section 12. Conduct a Pilot Type Rating Certification

82.    General. An aircraft type rating may be added to a private, commercial pilot, or ATP certificate. However, type rating practical tests are conducted to a single standard for all certificate levels. Regardless of the grade of certificate held, an applicant must meet the standards for a type rating in the appropriate ATP and aircraft type rating PTS. All type ratings within category and class held on a superseded certificate or issued under the military competency provisions of § 61.73(d)(3) are carried forward to the new certificate level without further testing. Type ratings limited to VFR also may be upgraded to the ATP level without further testing. A type rating for a single-place (single pilot station) airplane may not be upgraded to the ATP level.

a.    Flight Instructor Recommendation. The “Instructor’s Recommendation” section on FAA Form 8710-1 does not need to be signed for initial application for a type rating. However, an instructor’s recommendation is required for a retest.

b.    Flight Instructor Endorsement for Training Received. An applicant for a type rating must have an endorsement certifying accomplishment of the required training.

(1)    If the applicant is applying for a type rating to be added to an ATP certificate or for the original issuance of an ATP certificate in an airplane requiring a type rating, that applicant must have an endorsement in their logbook or training records from an authorized instructor certifying satisfactory completion of the training required by § 61.157(b).
(2)    If the applicant is applying for a type rating to be placed on a private or commercial pilot certificate, the airman must have an endorsement in their logbook or training records from an authorized instructor certifying satisfactory completion of the training required by § 61.63(d).

c.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    If a type rating is to be added to an applicant’s existing private or commercial pilot certificate or original issued private or commercial pilot certificate in an aircraft requiring a type rating, that applicant must have an endorsement in the applicant’s logbook or training record from an authorized instructor certifying that the applicant has been found competent in the aeronautical knowledge areas appropriate to the pilot certificate (i.e., private pilot or commercial pilot certificate level, as appropriate) for the aircraft category, class, or type rating sought.
(2)    An applicant for a type rating to be added to an existing private or commercial pilot certificate or for the original issuance of a private or commercial pilot certificate in an aircraft requiring a type rating must have an endorsement in the person’s logbook or training record from an authorized instructor that the applicant has been found proficient in the appropriate Areas of Operations (as listed in § 61.157(e)) required for the issuance of an ATP certificate for the aircraft category, class, or type rating sought.
(3)    Review the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure that it has the appropriate solo flight endorsement(s), if applicable.
(4)    If an applicant fails a practical test, he or she may reapply after receiving the necessary training and logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor.

d.    Evaluator’s Record. The section noted as “Evaluator’s Record” (Use for ATP Certificate and/or Type Ratings) on FAA Form 8710-1 must be signed and dated by the examiner on the appropriate lines for each test segment conducted. The examiner must complete the “Designated Examiner or Airman Representative Report” section on FAA Form 8710-1.

e.    Medical Certificate. The applicant must hold at least a current third-class medical certificate if the practical test is being conducted in an aircraft.

f.    Type Ratings Issued. The examiner will enter the appropriate type rating on the temporary certificate issued to the applicant. The type ratings are listed at http://registry.faa.gov/TypeRatings/. AFS-760 maintains this table.

Indicates new/changed information.

g.    Type Rating Limited to VFR. A type rating bearing the limitation “VFR ONLY” may be added to an existing ATP certificate other than an ATPC under the provisions of § 61.63(e) . This limitation may be added to an aircraft type rating not capable of instrument maneuvers or procedures required on a practical test. The practical test must be administered under the appropriate ATP PTS for an aircraft type rating limited to “VFR ONLY”. A type rating bearing the limitation “VFR ONLY” may be added to an existing ATP certificate under the provisions of § 61.157(g) . There is no provision for taking an initial practical test for an ATP pilot certificate in an aircraft that would require a VFR limitation. The practical test must be administered under the appropriate ATP PTS for an aircraft type rating limited to “VFR ONLY”.

h.    Amphibian Aircraft. An amphibian type rating will bear the limitation “LIMITED TO LAND” or “LIMITED TO SEA,” as appropriate, unless the applicant demonstrates proficiency in both land and sea operations.

i.    Additional Testing Requirements. Currently, all aircraft that require a type rating are subject to completing a Flight Standardization Board (FSB). The FSB’s primary responsibilities are to determine the requirements for pilot type ratings, to develop minimum training recommendations, and to ensure initial flight crewmember competency in accordance with the current edition of AC 120-53, Guidance for Conduction and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations. The FSB issues a report which may include specific training and testing recommendations for the specific type of aircraft. FAA-S-8081-5F, Practical Test Concept section, states, “Adherence to provisions of the regulations and the PTS is mandatory for the evaluation of airline transport pilot and type rating applicants. For some aircraft types, however, provisions of FAA Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Reports may specify special details as to how 14 CFR part 61 and this PTS apply to certain maneuvers, tasks, procedures, or knowledge areas.” Consequently, the testing recommendations in this report must be integrated into the practical test.

j.    Training Requirements. Some aircraft manufacturers have begun requiring stringent training programs via an AFM limitation. For example, the limitation section of the Eclipse Aviation Corporation’s EA500 AFM contains the following requirement: “All pilots operating the Eclipse EA500 must be trained and qualified in accordance with the FAA Accepted/Approved Eclipse Aviation training program or equivalent FAA Accepted/Approved training program.” The TCDS contains a similar limitation in the notes. Section 91.9(a) states, in part, that no person may operate a civil aircraft without complying with the operating limitations specified in the approved AFM or Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM). If the AFM or RFM contains a training requirement, the examiner or inspector must verify that the applicant has successfully completed the approved training before administering the practical test.

83.    Pilot Type Rating That May Be Performed as Either a Single Pilot or With a SIC. Practical tests for pilot type ratings that may be performed as either a single pilot or with an SIC in accordance with § 61.43(b).

a.    General. This policy guidance shows how to record whether the pilot type rating practical test was performed as a single pilot, or with an SIC crewmember.

(1)    In a previous version of this order, the FAA had established policy that clarified the intent of § 91.531(a) and (b) for allowing practical tests for some pilot type ratings to be performed as either a single pilot or with an SIC.
(2)    This policy addresses performing pilot type rating practical tests as a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crewmember in certain large airplanes that were certificated under Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 41, in which the airplane’s type certificate (TC) authorizes single-pilot operations. Although SFAR 41 expired on September 13, 1983, there are still many large airplanes that were certificated under SFAR 41 in active service (i.e., per § 91.531(a)(1)).
(3)    This policy also addresses performing pilot type rating practical tests as a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crewmember in certain turbojet airplanes where the airplane’s TC authorizes single-pilot operations (i.e., per § 91.531(a)(2)).
(4)    This policy also addresses performing pilot type rating practical tests as a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crewmember in certain commuter category airplanes that have a passenger seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine seats or less where the airplane’s TC authorized single-pilot operations (i.e., per § 91.531(a)(3)).
(5)    This policy addresses performing pilot type rating practical tests as a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crewmember where the FAA may issue a COA letter for authorizing single-pilot operations if that airplane is designed for and type certificated with only one pilot station (i.e., per § 91.531(b)).
(6)    To date, the FAA permits applicants to perform pilot type rating practical tests as a single pilot or with an SIC in the following airplanes:
(a)    Cessna 501.
(b)    Cessna 525.
(c)    Cessna 551.
(d)    Cessna 510 Series.
(e)    Raytheon 390.
(f)        Beech 300 that are certificated under SFAR 41 and the Beech B300 and B300C that are certificated in the commuter category.
(g)    Beech 1900 and Beech 1900C that are certificated under SFAR 41 and the Beech 1900D that is certificated in the commuter category.
(h)    Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica EMB 110 that is certificated under SFAR 41.
(i)    Beech 2000.
(j)        Fairchild Aircraft Corporation SA-227CC, SA-227DC, and other Fairchild commuter category airplanes on that same TC.
(k)    Eclipse 500.
(l)    Phenom 100.
(m)    Phenom 300.
(n)    Sino Swearingen SJ30-2.
(o)    Certain large airplanes that were certificated under SFAR 41 and have a TC that authorizes single‑pilot operations.
(p)    Certain turbojet airplanes with a TC that authorizes single-pilot operations.
(q)    Certain commuter category airplanes that have a TC that authorizes single-pilot operations.
(7)    This policy addresses performing pilot type rating practical tests as a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crewmember where the FAA has issued grants of exemption from §§ 91.9(a) and 91.531(a) to some training providers that give single-pilot training. If an applicant obtains a pilot type rating by accomplishing one of these approved single-pilot training programs and a pilot type rating practical test, that applicant will be issued a COA letter for single-pilot operations by the training provider. To date, the following training providers hold this kind of grant of exemption for the listed airplanes authorized under their grant of exemption:
(a)    Cessna Aircraft Company for its Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, and Cessna 560;
(b)    Fairchild Aircraft Corporation for its commuter category airplanes SA-227CC, SA-227DC, and other Fairchild commuter category airplanes on that same TC provided the airplane is configured with nine seats or fewer;
(c)    Sierra Industries, Inc. for the Cessna 500 series airplanes for serial Nos. 0001 through 0349 only that are equipped with Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) No. SA-8176SW or STC No. SA-09377SC and either STC No. SA-2172NM or STC No. SA-645NW;
(d)    M. Shannon and Associates for the Cessna 500, Cessna 550, and Cessna S550; and
(e)    Pan Am International Flight Academy for the Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, and Cessna 560.
(8)    When the airplane’s TCDS specifically requires the crew composition to be a single pilot, an applicant for that pilot type rating must perform the practical test as a single pilot. The applicant must be tested on all of the applicable PTS’s Areas of Operation and tasks as a single pilot. This requires the pilot to demonstrate, without assistance, the required PTS’s Area of Operations and tasks as a single pilot.
(9)    Where the FAA has provided for either a single-pilot crew composition or an SIC, the applicant may elect to either use an SIC or perform as a single pilot during the practical test. The FAA has several ways of noting whether the practical test was performed as a single pilot or with an SIC. This provision is provided for in accordance with §§ 61.43(b) and 91.531.
(10)    Questions about what airplanes may be operated with a single-pilot crew composition or with an SIC pilot crew composition may be directed to the FAA’s General Aviation and Commercial Division (AFS-800), 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591 (telephone: (202) 267-3844).

b.    Cessna 500 Series Airplanes.

(1)    Cessna 501 or Cessna 551. An applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating who accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 501 or Cessna 551 may elect to accomplish the practical test as a single pilot or with an SIC pilot crewmember.
(a)    An applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating who was tested as a single pilot in a Cessna 501 is entitled to act as a single PIC in the Cessna 501. After the applicant satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test as a single pilot in a Cessna 501, the examiner will issue the applicant a CE-500 pilot type rating on the pilot certificate, and record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Cessna 501.”
Indicates new/changed information.
(b)    An applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating who was tested in a Cessna 501 where an SIC crewmember was used will be issued a CE-500 pilot type rating with the limitation “Second-in-Command Required” (Figure 7-23). The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating in a Cessna 501 with an SIC pilot crewmember.”
(c)    An applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating who was tested as a single pilot in a Cessna 551 is entitled to act as a single pilot PIC in the Cessna 551. After the applicant satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test as a single pilot in the Cessna 551, the examiner will issue the applicant a CE-500 pilot type rating on the pilot certificate, and record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Cessna 551.”
Indicates new/changed information.
(d)    An applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating who was tested in a Cessna 551 where an SIC crewmember was used will be issued a CE-500 pilot type rating with the limitation “Second-in-Command Required” (Figure 7-23). The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating in a Cessna 551 with an SIC pilot crewmember.”
(e)    A Cessna 501 or Cessna 551 where a PIC and SIC crewmember are used may be used to satisfy the requirements of a § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for any series of Cessna 500 (i.e., Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560) requiring an SIC.
(f)        An applicant who obtains a pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Cessna 501 and 551 may serve as the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, or Cessna 560, as appropriate.
(2)    Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560. An applicant for a “CE-500” pilot type rating who accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560, as appropriate, may elect to accomplish the practical test as a single pilot if the person accomplished an approved single-pilot training program that was given by a training provider under a grant of exemption. The applicant may instead use the services of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(a)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes an approved single-pilot training course, successfully completes the CE-500 pilot type rating practical test in the Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560 as a single pilot, and uses a training provider who holds a grant of exemption from § 91.531 may operate as a single-pilot PIC in the Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560, as appropriate. The examiner will issue the CE-500 pilot type rating on the applicant’s pilot certificate. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the pilot’s logbook as “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating training as a single pilot in an [appropriate Cessna model].” The applicant must receive a COA letter for single-pilot operations from the training provider. in accordance with the training provider’s grant of exemption, the pilot is also required to continue to receive the training provider’s recurrent single-pilot training and comply with the provisions of that training provider’s grant of exemption every 12 calendar-months to be reissued a COA letter for single-pilot operations.
(b)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a CE-500 pilot type rating practical test in a Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, or Cessna 560, as appropriate, and uses the services of an SIC pilot crewmember, will be issued a CE-500 pilot type rating. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-500 pilot type rating with an SIC crewmember in a [Cessna 500] [Cessna 550] [Cessna S550] [Cessna 552] [Cessna 560].” Since the Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552, and Cessna 560 type certification require an SIC crewmember, the applicant’s pilot certificate and CE‑500 airplane type rating need not contain the limitation “Second-in-Command Required.”

Note:  The successful completion of a certification practical test in any of the Cessna 500 models listed in subparagraph 86b will qualify the applicant for a CE-500 pilot type rating.

c.    Cessna 525 Series Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 525 as a single pilot will receive a CE-525S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-525S pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Cessna 525.” The CE-525S pilot type rating indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with a CE-525S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Cessna 525 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 525 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive a CE-525 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-525 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Cessna 525.” The CE-525 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    A Cessna 525 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Cessna 525 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds a CE-525S pilot type rating may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the Cessna 525 series of airplane.

d.    Beech 2000 Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Beech 2000 as a single pilot will receive a BE-2000S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-2000S pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Beech 2000.” The BE-2000S pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with a BE-2000S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Beech 2000 as a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Beech 2000 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive a BE-2000 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-2000 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Beech 2000.” The BE-2000 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    A Beech 2000 may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Beech 2000.
(3)    An applicant who obtains a pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Beech 2000 may serve as either the PIC or the SIC in the Beech 2000 series of airplane.

e.    Raytheon 390 Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Raytheon 390 as a single pilot will receive an RA-390S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the RA-390S pilot type rating as a single pilot in a RA-390S.” The RA-390S pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with a RA-390S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Raytheon 390 as a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Raytheon 390 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive an RA-390 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the RA-390 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Raytheon 390.” The RA-390 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    A Raytheon 390 may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Raytheon 390.
(3)    An applicant who obtains a pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Raytheon 390 may serve as either the PIC or the SIC in the Raytheon 390 series of airplane.

f.    Beech 1900 and 1900C Series of Airplane that was Certified Under SFAR 41. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 1900 as a single pilot will receive a “BE-1900” pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-1900 pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Beech 1900.”

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 1900 or 1900C with an SIC crewmember will receive a “BE-1900” pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-1900 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Beech 1900C.” The applicant’s “BE-1900” pilot type rating will be issued with the limitation “BE-1900 Second-in-Command Required.”
(2)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 1900D as a single pilot will receive a BE-1900 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-1900 pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Beech 1900D.”
(3)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 1900D with an SIC crewmember will receive a “BE-1900” pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-1900 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Beech 1900D.” The applicant’s “BE-1900” pilot type rating will be issued with the limitation “BE-1900 Second-in-Command Required.”
(4)    Any Beech 1900C or D series of airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for any series of Beech 1900 airplane that requires an SIC pilot crewmember.
(5)    An applicant who obtains a “BE-1900” pilot type rating as a single pilot in any Beech 1900 series of airplane may serve as either the PIC or SIC in any Beech 1900C or D series of airplane.

g.    Beech 300 Airplane that was Certified Under SFAR 41. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 300 as a single pilot will receive a BE-300 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE‑300 pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Beech 300.”

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test in a Beech 300 with an SIC crewmember will receive a “BE-300” pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the BE-300 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Beech 300.” The applicant’s “BE-300” pilot type rating will be issued with the limitation “BE-300 Second‑in‑Command Required.”
(2)    A Beech 300 may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for any series of Beech 300 that requires an SIC pilot crewmember.
(3)    An applicant who obtains a BE-300 pilot type rating as a single pilot may serve as either the PIC or SIC in the Beech 300 series of airplane.

h.    Fairchild Aircraft Corporation’s SA-227CC and SA-227DC. This section also applies to other Fairchild commuter category airplanes on the same type certificate that have a passenger seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine seats or fewer, and have a TC that authorizes single-pilot operations.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes an approved single-pilot training program and a practical test as a single pilot in a Fairchild Aircraft Corporation SA-227CC, SA-227DC, or other Fairchild commuter category airplanes as detailed above, will receive an SA-227 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the SA-227 pilot type rating as a single pilot.” The applicant must receive a COA letter for single-pilot operations from the training provider. in accordance with the training provider’s grant of exemption, the pilot is also required to continue to receive the training provider’s recurrent single-pilot training and comply with the provisions of that training provider’s grant of exemption every 12 calendar-months in order to be reissued a COA letter for single-pilot operations.
(2)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test with an SIC crewmember in a Fairchild Aircraft Corporation SA-227 will receive an SA-227 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the SA-227 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Fairchild Aircraft Corporation SA-227.” The SA-227CC, SA-227DC, and other Fairchild commuter category airplanes on the same TCDS require an SIC crewmember, so there is no need to list an SIC limitation on the applicant’s pilot certificate.

i.    Large Airplanes that were Certificated Under SFAR 41. An applicant for a pilot type rating in an airplane certificated under SFAR 41 may elect to accomplish the practical test as a single pilot or with an SIC pilot crewmember. An applicant who holds a pilot type rating in a large airplane that was certificated under SFAR 41, and who was tested in that airplane as a single pilot, is entitled to act as a single pilot PIC in that airplane.

(1)    Examples of some large airplanes that were certificated under SFAR 41 and where the pilot type rating practical test may be performed as either a single pilot or with an SIC are: Beech 300, Beech 1900C and 1900D, and Embraer 110.
(2)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test as a single pilot in a large airplane that was certificated under SFAR 41 will receive a pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as: “Satisfactorily accomplished the [appropriate pilot type rating] as a single pilot.” The applicant’s pilot certificate will be issued with the appropriate pilot type rating.
Indicates new/changed information.
(3)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes a practical test with an SIC crewmember in a large airplane that was certificated under SFAR 41 will receive a pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as “Satisfactorily accomplished the [appropriate pilot type rating] with an SIC pilot crewmember.” The applicant’s pilot type rating will be issued with the limitation “Second-in-Command Required” (Figure 7-23).
(4)    A large airplane certificated under SFAR 41 that requires an SIC pilot crewmember may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check.
(5)    An applicant who obtains a pilot type rating as a single pilot in a large airplane that was certificated under SFAR 41 may serve as either the PIC or SIC in that airplane.

j.    Cessna 510 Series Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 510 as a single pilot will receive a CE-510S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-510S pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Cessna 510.” The CE-510S pilot type rating indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with a CE-510S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Cessna 510 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Cessna 510 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive a CE-510 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the CE-510 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Cessna 510.” The CE-510 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    A Cessna 510 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Cessna 510 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds a CE-510S pilot type rating may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the Cessna 510 series of airplane.

k.    Sino Swearingen SJ30-2 Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Sino Swearingen SJ30-2 as a single pilot will receive an SJ30S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the SJ30S pilot type rating as a single pilot in a Swearingen SJ30-2.” The SJ30S pilot type rating indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with an SJ30S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Swearingen SJ30-2 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in a Swearingen SJ30-2 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive an SJ30 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the SJ30 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in a Swearingen SJ30-2.” The SJ30 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    A Swearingen SJ30-2 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Swearingen SJ30-2 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds an SJ30S pilot type rating may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the Swearingen SJ30-2 series of airplane.

l.    Embraer - Empresa Brasileira De Aeronautica S.A.EMB-500 Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in an Embraer EMB-500 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive an EMB‑500 pilot type rating plus a limitation that states “EMB-500 Second in Command required” issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EMB-500 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in an Embraer EMB-500.” The EMB-500 pilot type rating with the limitation on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily completes the practical test in an Embraer EMB-500 as a single pilot will receive an EMB-500 type rating by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EMB-500 pilot type rating as a single pilot in an Embraer EMB-500.” The EMB-500 pilot type rating, without a limitation, indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with an EMB-500 pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Embraer EMB-500 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.
(2)    An Embraer EMB-500 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the Embraer EMB-500 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds an EMB-500 pilot type rating as a single pilot may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the EMB-500 series of airplane.

m.    Embraer - Empresa Brasileira De Aeronautica S.A.EMB-505 Airplanes. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in an Embraer EMB-505 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive an EMB-505 pilot type rating plus a limitation that states “EMB-505 Second in Command required” issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EMB-505 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in an Embraer EMB-505.” The EMB-505 pilot type rating with the limitation on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily completes the practical test in an Embraer EMB-505 as a single pilot will receive an EMB-505 type rating by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EMB-505 pilot type rating as a single pilot in an Embraer EMB-505.” The EMB-505 pilot type rating, without a limitation, indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with an EMB-505 pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Embraer EMB-505 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.
(2)    An Embraer EMB-505 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the EMB-505 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds an EMB-505 pilot type rating as a single pilot may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the EMB-505 series of airplane.

n.    Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500. An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in an Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500 as a single pilot will receive an EA-500S pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EA-500S pilot type rating as a single pilot in an Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500.” The EA-500S pilot type rating indicates that the person accomplished the pilot type rating practical test as a single pilot. An applicant with an EA-500S pilot type rating is entitled to operate the Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500 as either a single-pilot PIC or with an SIC.

(1)    An applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the practical test in an Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA‑500 where an SIC crewmember was used will receive an EA-500 pilot type rating issued by the examiner. The examiner will record the results of the practical test in the applicant’s logbook as, “Satisfactorily accomplished the EA‑500 pilot type rating with an SIC pilot crewmember in an Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500.” The EA-500 pilot type rating on a pilot certificate indicates that the person accomplished the practical test with the use of an SIC pilot crewmember.
(2)    An Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500 series airplane may be used to satisfy the requirements of the § 61.58 PIC proficiency check for the EA-500 series airplane.
(3)    An applicant who holds an EA-500S pilot type rating may serve as either the PIC or SIC pilot crewmember in the Eclipse Aviation Corporation EA-500 series of airplane.

o.    Removal of the “Second-In-Command Required” Limitation From a Pilot Type Rating on the Pilot Certificate. To remove the limitation, it is not necessary to complete the entire practical test as a single pilot.

(1)    All Areas of Operations/tasks approved for a flight simulator may be accomplished in that flight simulator for the purpose of removing the “Second-in-Command Required” limitation. However, this does not change any flight simulator requirements for the original issuance of the pilot type rating.
(2)    Satisfactory completion of an approved single-pilot training program and end-of-course test of that approved single-pilot training program meet the requirements for removal of the “Second-in-Command Required” limitation.
(3)    The following tasks must be accomplished on the practical test as a single pilot in order to remove the “Second-in-Command Required” limitation:
(a)    Normal and crosswind takeoffs.
(b)    Powerplant failure on takeoff.
(c)    Maneuvering to a landing with a simulated powerplant failure.
(d)    One precision or nonprecision approach with a landing.
(e)    Specific flight characteristics.
(f)        Normal and abnormal procedures.
(g)    Emergency procedures.

84.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A-U completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section IIA(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. (If tested in a simulator, since section can be omitted.) The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from an FAA-approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). Section IIE must be completed if the applicant applied through an Air Carrier Training Program. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought. Section IV must be answered “YES” or “NO” if a practical test was administered. If “YES,” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 pilot schools or part 142 training centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be examples for which aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action; thus, the applicant would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in the case of a lost logbook.
(2)    A private pilot, commercial pilot, or ATP certificate, appropriate to pilot certification and rating sought;
(3)    At least a current third-class medical certificate and a SODA, if applicable;
(4)    A knowledge test report for the pilot certification level and rating sought, if applicable;
(5)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable;
(6)    The applicant must present a pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought that substantiates the aeronautical experience shown on FAA Form 8710-1;
(7)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(8)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate;
(9)    The aircraft registration;
(10)    The FCC aircraft station license, if applicable; and
(11)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in paragraphs 87a(1) through (11).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on FAA Form 8710-1 is accurate, legible, and complete.

(1)    In section I, ensure that the applicant has checked “Additional Aircraft Rating ” and “P rivate,” “Commercial,” or “ATP,” as appropriate to the pilot certification level and rating sought. Ensure that the applicant has checked any other applicable boxes.
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the application and the information in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27).
(3)    If the applicant is applying for a private or commercial certificate in conjunction with the type rating, ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement within 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25).

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on his or her FAA Form 8710-1, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the application process and immediately report the matter to the FSDO.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine that the applicant meets the type rating requirements of § 61.63(d)(1) through (7).

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    Determine that the applicant meets the required prerequisite eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, and aeronautical experience/training requirements for the pilot certification level and rating sought.
(3)    Verify that the applicant holds at least a current third-class medical certificate.
(4)    Inspect the medical certificate to ensure that it does not bear any limitation that would make a special medical flight test necessary.
(5)    Check the record of flight time in section III on FAA Form 8710-1 to determine that the applicant has the minimum flight experience required for the type rating/grade of pilot certificate sought.
(6)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved pilot school, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that it is dated within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the practical test.
(7)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements are recorded per the instructions in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 24e).
(8)    If the applicant is upgrading a certificate or concurrently obtaining an instrument rating, examine the knowledge test report or test report from an approved school with knowledge test authority, as applicable.
(9)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV on FAA Form 8710-1, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49.

f.    Aircraft Requirements. The applicant will review the aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration for the purpose of demonstrating aeronautical knowledge about how to determine whether an aircraft is airworthy and suitable for flight. Ensure that a type rating is required for the aircraft. Determine whether the aircraft’s TCDS establishes single pilot or has a provision for an SIC as the crew composition.

g.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 and all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment if requested to do so.

h.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the type rating/certificate sought, accept the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the appropriate ATP and Aircraft Type Rating PTS and chapter 7, section 2. If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).

i.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant did not meet the applicable standards for the certificate sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33).
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval and retain the original for the certification file.
(3)    Retain the applicant’s FAA Form 8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
(4)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

j.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the type rating/certificate sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31).

(1)    Enter all previous category, class, and type ratings held by the applicant.
(2)    Enter the type rating under the appropriate airman privileges.
(3)    Enter any required operating limitations such as “CVPBY5 LIMITED TO SEA” or “NB25 VFR ONLY.”
Indicates new/changed information.
(4)    For type ratings in aircraft whose TCDS require single-pilot competency but allow for an SIC, if the test was demonstrated with an SIC, enter the limitation “Second-In-Command Required” (Figure 7-23).
(5)    Verify that all information on the form is correct. Sign the certificate and direct the airman to sign line VII of the form.
(6)    Retain the original for the file and give the applicant the copy of the temporary certificate.
(7)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

k.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in this order (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29).

(1)    Mail the completed certification file to the managing FSDO no later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the test.
(2)    IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.
Indicates new/changed information.

Section 13. Procedures for Issuing a Second-in-Command Pilot Type Rating

85.    General. Designees shall refer to FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 5 for tasks associated with the issuance of a second-in-command (SIC) pilot type rating.

Section 14. Conduct a Private Pilot Certification for Weight Shift Control and Powered Parachute, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings at the Private Pilot Certification Level

86.    General. The examiner conducting the practical test ensures the applicant has the aircraft maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration to determine if the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for the practical test.

87.    Eligibility Requirements. The applicant must meet the applicable requirements of part 61 subpart E.

a.    Graduate of an Approved Training Program. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who presents an appropriate graduation certificate within 60 calendar-days after the date of graduation from an approved pilot school, certificated under part 141, is considered to have met the prerequisite aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.109.

b.    Graduate of an Approved School with Examining Authority. Under the provisions of § 61.71(a), an applicant who graduated from an approved pilot school that holds examining authority is considered to have met the prerequisite eligibility requirements for the private pilot certificate if the applicant applies within 60 calendar-days of graduation and the school holds the appropriate examining authority. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or rating under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements under part 61 for the pilot certificate or rating sought.

c.    Not a Graduate of an Approved School. If the applicant is not a graduate of an approved pilot school, or has not applied for a private pilot certificate within the times specified for approved school graduates, the applicant must meet all the applicable prerequisite eligibility requirements of part 61 subpart E.

d.    Aeronautical Knowledge. A private pilot knowledge test report or private pilot test report, from an approved school with knowledge test examining authority, is the only acceptable forms of evidence that the applicant has passed the private pilot knowledge test for a private pilot certificate.

(1)    The format of the knowledge test report from an approved school or computer testing designee must include an embossed seal in the lower right corner and the testing facility’s name and air agency designation number.
(2)    The holder of a category rating for powered aircraft is not required to take a knowledge test for the addition of another category rating to a private pilot certificate.

e.    Aeronautical Experience. The applicant must present a pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought that substantiates the aeronautical experience shown on the FAA Form 8710-11.

(1)    If the examiner is unable to determine whether the records presented show clear evidence of the required aeronautical experience, the applicant must be referred to the FSDO or AFS-610.
(2)    An applicant for a private pilot certificate with a weight shift control or powered parachute rating must have received at least 3 hours of night flight training and an instructor endorsement in accordance with the appropriate provisions of § 61.109. Except as provided in § 61.110, the applicant’s records must indicate that all required night flight training has been received.

f.    Logbook Endorsements.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant has received and logged 3 hours of flight training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant should have an FAA Form 8710-11 with the authorized instructor’s digital signature.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor that states the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(4)    An applicant for a private pilot certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.107(b) that is appropriate for the private pilot rating sought.
(5)    Review the applicant’s student pilot certificate and logbook to ensure they have the appropriate solo flight endorsement(s).
(6)    Review the applicant’s student pilot certificate and logbook to ensure they have the appropriate solo cross-country endorsement(s).

88.    Limitations.

a.    Night Flying Limitations.

(1)    In accordance with § 61.110(a), a person who receives flight training in and resides in the State of Alaska:
(a)    May be issued a pilot certificate with a limitation, “NIGHT FLYING PROHIBITED.”
(b)    Must comply with the appropriate night flight training requirements of this subpart within 12 calendar‑months after the issuance of the pilot certificate.
(2)    In accordance with § 61.110(c) a person who does not meet the night flying requirements in § 61.109(d)(2), (i)(2), or (j)(2) is:
(a)    Issued a private pilot certificate with the limit “Night Flying Prohibited .”
(b)    Which may be removed by an examiner if the holder complies with the requirements of § 61.109(d)(2), (i)(2), or (j)(2), as appropriate.

b.    Cross-Country Limitations. The limitation, “PASSENGER CARRYING PROHIBITED ON FLIGHTS MORE THAN 10 NM FROM” [the appropriate island], will be entered on the certificate of an applicant whose cross-country experience qualifies under the provisions of § 61.111(c). The limitation, “HOLDER DOES NOT MEET THE CROSS-COUNTRY FLIGHT REQUIREMENTS OF ICAO”, must be entered on the certificate of an applicant whose cross-country experience qualifies under the provisions of § 61.111(c). Cross-country limitations may be removed by an examiner when the certificate holder has complied with the applicable solo cross-country requirements and has passed a practical test on cross-country flying.

c.    English Language. An applicant is required to read, speak write and understand the English language in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d. Applicants who are unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical reasons must be referred to the FSDO.

89.    Categories and Classes. The category of the aircraft used for the practical test is placed on a private pilot certificate.

a.    Weight Shift Control Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to private pilot weight shift control certificates.

(1)    WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROL LAND.
(2)    WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROL SEA.

b.    Powered Parachute Class Ratings. The following class ratings are originally issued or added to private pilot powered parachute certificates.

(1)    POWERED PARACHUTE LAND.
(2)    POWERED PARACHUTE SEA.

90.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)    An FAA Form 8710-11 must be used. FAA Form 8710-11 may be filled out in IACRA. A special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on the FAA Form 8710-11 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought have been met. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant is required to sign the FAA Form 8710-11 and accurately and fully complete section III, “Record of Pilot Time.”
(2)    A student pilot certificate, or an airman certificate if for an additional category/class rating;
(3)    At least a third-class FAA Form 8500-9 or FAA Form 8420-2 if applicable;
(4)    A Private Pilot knowledge test report, if applicable;
(5)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable;
(6)    The applicant must present a pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought that substantiates the aeronautical experience shown on the FAA Form 8710-11;
(7)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(8)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate;
(9)    The aircraft registration;
(10)    The FCC aircraft station license, if applicable; and
(11)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in subparagraphs 96a(1) through (11).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on the FAA Form 8710-11 is complete and presented accurately and legibly.

(1)    In section I on FAA Form 8710-11, ensure that the applicant has checked “Private .” If the applicant is seeking an additional aircraft rating, ensure that the applicant has checked “Additional Aircraft Rating” and the appropriate aircraft category/class.
(2)    Ensure the remainder of the FAA Form 8710-11 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to FAA Form 8710-11 and the information in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 28.
(3)    Ensure that the flight instructor has signed an endorsement no more than 60 calendar-days before the FAA Form 8710-11 was submitted.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on the FAA Form 8710-11.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue with the practical test.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on the FAA Form 8710-11, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately report the matter to the FSDO and AFS-610.

e.    Establish Eligibility. Determine if the applicant meets the specific eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and flight proficiency requirements for certification as a private pilot.

(1)    If the applicant is applying for a powered aircraft rating, ensure that the applicant holds at least a current third-class airman medical certificate.
(2)    If the airman medical certificate or a SODA, if any, bears any limitation that would make a special medical flight test necessary, refer the applicant to AFS-610.
(3)    Inspect the applicant’s student pilot certificate for current solo and solo cross-country endorsements.
(4)    Check the record of aeronautical experience on FAA Form 8710-11, section III to determine if the applicant has the minimum aeronautical experience required for the certificate and rating sought (§ 61.109).
(5)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved training program, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant is in compliance with the requirements of § 61.71.
(6)    If the applicant is a graduate of an approved pilot school, the examiner should check the applicant’s graduation certificate to ensure that the practical test will be able to be passed within 60 calendar-days from the date on the graduation certificate. If not, the applicant must apply for the pilot certificate or rating under part 61 and meet all the applicable aeronautical experience requirements under part 61 for the pilot certificate or rating sought.
(7)    Examine the applicant’s logbook and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge, aeronautical experience, and required instructor endorsements are recorded. (See chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 24e.)
(8)    If the applicant is located on an island from which the required flights cannot be accomplished without flying more than 10 NM over water, refer to § 61.111.
(9)    Examine the knowledge test report or test report from an approved school with knowledge test authority, as applicable.
(10)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV of FAA Form 8710-11, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49.

f.    Requirements for an Additional Category/Class Rating. The requirements are the same as in paragraph 96e above, except the knowledge test is not required if the applicant already has a powered aircraft rating.

g.    Aircraft Requirements. Review the applicant’s aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration to determine if the aircraft is airworthy and suitable for this practical test, and then return the documents to the applicant.

h.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy exists in any of the document and cannot be corrected immediately, return all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment, if requested to do so.

i.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all the prerequisites for the certificate sought, accept the FAA Form 8710-11 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the Private Pilot PTS and in chapter 7, section 2.

(1)    If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant. (See chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b.)
(2)    Return all submitted documents to the applicant with the original of the letter of discontinuance.
(3)    Explain how the applicant may complete the test at a later date and reschedule the test, if requested to do so.

j.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant did not meet the applicable standards for the certificate sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the FAA Form 8060-5. Give the applicant a copy of the FAA Form 8060-5 and retain the original for the certification file.
(3)    Send FAA Form 8710-11 and FAA Form 8060-5 to AFS-610 return all other documents to the applicant. The examiner may complete FAA Form 8710-11 using IACRA.
(4)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

k.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the certificate sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.

(1)    Enter the correct limitations, if appropriate.
(a)    Enter “NIGHT FLYING PROHIBITED,” if appropriate.
(b)    Enter “PASSENGER CARRYING PROHIBITED ON FLIGHT MORE THAN 10 NM FROM [the appropriate island],” and “HOLDER DOES NOT MEET THE CROSS-COUNTRY FLIGHT REQUIREMENTS OF ICAO,” for an applicant whose cross-country aeronautical experience qualifies under § 61.111(c).
(2)    Verify that all information on the FAA Form 8060-4 is correct. Sign the FAA Form 8060-4 and direct the applicant to sign on line VII.
(3)    Complete the FAA 8710-11 or use IACRA and give the applicant the copy of the FAA Form 8060‑4.
(4)    The examiner should sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion, the successful outcome of the test, and the examiner’s designation number.

l.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

Section 15. Conduct a Flight Instructor with a Sport Pilot Rating Practical Test for an Initial, Renewal, or Reinstatement

91.    General. AFS-610 will authorize SFIEs to conduct practical tests for the original issuance, renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate. Field offices can add the authorization for existing DPEs within the jurisdiction of that field office.

a.    Eligibility Requirements. To be eligible for a flight instructor certificate, an applicant must be at least 18 years of age, hold at least a current third-class airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license, sport pilot certificate or higher, and meet the applicable requirements of part 61 subpart K.

b.    Airman Medical Certification Requirements. An applicant for an initial flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating, renewal or reinstatement of an expired flight instructor certificate is required to hold at least a current third-class airman medical certificate FAA Form 8500-9 or a valid U.S. driver’s license, if the practical test is conducted in an aircraft in flight (e.g., in an airplane, airship, gyroplane, weight-shift, or powered parachute). If the practical test does not involve use of an aircraft in flight, the applicant is not required to hold an airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license.

Note:  If the airman medical certificate or valid U.S. driver’s license bears any limitation, which would make a special airman medical flight test necessary, refer the applicant to AFS-610.

c.    Category and Class Privileges. A flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating does not list aircraft category ratings. When the practical test for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating is successfully passed, a logbook entry will be required for all category privileges authorized.

92.    General Procedures Initial Certification.

a.    Logbook Endorsements. An applicant for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating must present a logbook with the following endorsements, as appropriate from an authorized flight instructor. The endorsement should be similar to the sample endorsement provided in AC 61-65, Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors.

(1)    Except as provided in§ 61.407(c), an applicant for a flight instructor certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement on the fundamentals of instruction listed in § 61.407(a).
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant has received and logged some training within the 60 calendar-days preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have an FAA Form 8710-11 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(4)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor that states the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test, as appropriate.
(5)    An applicant must have received flight instruction and a logbook endorsement by a flight instructor meeting the requirements of § 61.409 in the subjects appropriate to the flight instructor with a sport pilot rating.
(6)    An applicant for a flight instructor certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.411 that is appropriate to the flight instructor with a sport pilot rating.
(7)    An applicant for a sport pilot flight instructor-airplane privileges or sport pilot flight instructor-glider privileges must present a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor indicating that the applicant is competent and possesses instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures in an airplane or glider, as appropriate.
(a)    Except in the case of a retest after a failure for the deficiencies stated in § 61.49(b), the examiner may either accept the logbook endorsement or require the applicant to demonstrate competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures.
(b)    If a notice of disapproval was issued due to deficiencies in competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures, the applicant is required to spin the aircraft and demonstrate competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures on the retest.
(c)    The examiner and the applicant are not required to wear parachutes for spin task demonstration during a flight instructor practical test.

b.    Aeronautical Knowledge. The applicant must meet the aeronautical knowledge requirements of § 61.405(a). The flight instructor knowledge examination consists of two tests: FOI and a test appropriate to the category privileges sought.

(1)    FOI Test Alternate Criteria. An applicant for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate need not take the FOI test if the applicant meets certain alternate criteria. However, the applicant must present appropriate documentation to the FSDO or AFS-610 and obtain an authorization to use either of the following in lieu of the FOI test:
(a)    A current teacher’s certificate issued by a state, county, or city authorizing the applicant to teach at an educational level of the 7th grade or higher; or
(b)    Evidence of regular employment as a teacher at an accredited college or university.
(2)    Test for Flight Instructor with Sport Pilot Rating. If the applicant seeks to provide training in light-sport aircraft, the applicant must receive a logbook endorsement from the authorized instructor who trained him or her on the applicable Areas of Operation specified in § 61.409 certifying the applicant has met the aeronautical knowledge for the category and class flight instructor privilege sought.
(a)    Aeronautical Experience. The applicant must present acceptable evidence of meeting the minimum aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.411.
(b)    Aeronautical Skill. The original issuance of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating will be issued by an SFIE. The applicant must demonstrate aeronautical skill by satisfactorily completing the practical test prescribed by § 61.405(b). The test will be conducted in accordance with the appropriate Sport Pilot PTS. The examiner may also require the applicant to demonstrate knowledge and skill from other PTSs that may include sport pilot certificate or private pilot certificate, if appropriate.

93.    General Procedures for Renewal or Reinstatement. An SFIE is authorized to conduct the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating. However, the basis for issuing the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate will be based on the applicant satisfactorily accomplishing a practical test (e.g., the oral and flight portions) as required by § 61.197(a)(1). The examiner may require an applicant for the renewal or reinstatement to complete all or any portion of the flight instructor practical test that the examiner deems necessary to determine the applicant’s competence to hold a flight instructor certificate. But as a minimum the examiner will evaluate the Areas of Operation and task designated in the appropriate Sport Pilot PTS.

a.    Endorsement Not Required. A flight instructor endorsement is not required for the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate except in accordance with the provisions of § 61.49 for a retest.

b.    Expiration Date. A flight instructor certificate is renewed or reinstated with an expiration date 24 calendar‑months after the date of the renewal or reinstatement.

c.    Examiner Qualifications for Renewal or Reinstatements of Applicants with Multiple Category Privileges. In order to conduct a practical test for the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate with more than one aircraft category privilege, an examiner must be designated in at least one of the categories of aircraft to be renewed and hold SFIE authority.

d.    Renewal of All Flight Instructor Privileges. An applicant may renew all privileges for current flight instructor certificate by satisfactorily completing one practical test. The satisfactory completion of a practical test for an additional flight instructor privilege constitutes the renewal of all flight instructor privileges listed on the certificate.

94.    Denial of Renewal or Reinstatement. If an applicant is unable to meet the requirements for renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate by satisfactorily completing the applicable practical test, the examiner issues the applicant FAA Form 8060-5. If renewal or reinstatement has been denied on the basis of the applicant’s piloting proficiency, the examiner should document the deficiencies and contact AFS-610. AFS-610 may consider the need for possible re-certification action.

95.    Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificates. A qualified flight instructor may request the issuance of a gold seal flight instructor certificate when renewing his or her flight instructor certificate or at any time the flight instructor makes application upon meeting the requirements. Only an ASI is authorized to issue the initial gold seal on a flight instructor certificate. A designee who is authorized to conduct flight instructor renewal/reinstatement practical tests or renewal of a flight instructor certificate (i.e., FIRE) may renew/reinstate a gold seal on a flight instructor certificate.

a.    Gold Seal Requirements. A gold seal certificate may be issued to a flight instructor who holds a ground instructor certificate with a basic ground instructor rating; and has met one of the following criteria within the past 24 calendar-months:

(1)    Trained and recommended at least 10 applicants for an original certificate with at least 80 percent of those applicants recommended passing the practical test on his or her first attempt;
(2)    Conducted at least 20 certification practical tests as an examiner or conducted 20 certification graduation tests as a chief flight instructor for an approved pilot school course; or
(3)    A combination of the training and testing requirements listed in this section. (Two tests conducted equal one applicant trained and recommended.)

b.    Renewal of a Gold Seal Certificate. The holder of a gold seal flight instructor certificate is not required to meet the criteria for the gold seal again. A flight instructor who qualifies for a gold seal certificate is entitled to receive another gold seal certificate on all flight instructor certificate renewals and/or reinstatements.

96.    Category and Class Privileges for a Flight Instructor Certificate with a Sport Pilot Rating. The following privileges are by logbook endorsements for flight instructor certificate with sport pilot rating where applicable:

a.    Aircraft Categories.

(1)    AIRPLANE.
(2)    GYROPLANE.
(3)    WEIGHT-SHIFT CONTROL.
(4)    POWERED PARACHUTE.
(5)    LIGHTER THAN AIR.
(6)    GLIDER.

b.    Airplane Classes. SINGLE ENGINE.

97.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)    An FAA Form 8710-11 must be completed. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on the FAA Form 8710-11 and in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate, rating, or privilege sought have been met. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the applicant is required to sign the FAA Form 8710-11 and accurately and fully complete section III, “Record of Pilot Time.” If the applicant is retesting after a failure, the FAA Form 8710-11 must be endorsed on the back side of the form by the applicant’s flight instructor.
(2)    A pilot certificate;
(3)    A current or expired flight instructor certificate, if for renewal/reinstatement;
(4)    A current airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license, if acting as PIC;
(5)    Knowledge test report(s) or authorization to use alternate criteria for the FOI test, if applicable;
(6)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable;
(7)    The applicant must present a pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate, rating, or privilege sought that substantiates the aeronautical experience shown on the FAA Form 8710-11;
(8)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(9)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate and operating limitations or approved flight manual for each aircraft to be used;
(10)    The aircraft registration;
(11)    The FCC license, if required; and
(12)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in subparagraphs 103a(1) through (12).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on the application is presented accurately and completely.

(1)    On the FAA Form 8710-11, section I, ensure that the applicant has checked “Sport pilot fl ight instructor,” and noted “Initial,” “Renewal,” or “Reinstatement,” as appropriate to the practical test being requested.
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of the FAA Form 8710-11 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information provided in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.
(3)    If the applicant is applying for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating, ensure that an authorized flight instructor has signed an endorsement within 60 calendar-days before the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on the FAA Form 8710-11.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on the application, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately and report the matter to the local FSDO and AFS-610.

e.    Establish Eligibility. For the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating, determine if the applicant meets the general eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, and flight proficiency requirements for the flight instructor certificate (§§ 61.403, 61.405, 61.407, 61.409, and 61.411).

(1)    Determine if the applicant holds at least a sport pilot certificate or higher with the appropriate category/class privilege or rating sought.
(2)    Verify that the applicant holds at least a current third-class airman medical certificate or a valid U.S. driver’s license, if applicable.
(3)    Determine whether the applicant is able to read, speak, write and understand the English language in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d.
(4)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved pilot school, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.71(a) which requires the applicant’s graduation certificate is dated within 60 days of completion of the practical test.
(5)    Examine the applicant’s logbooks and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge and flight proficiency requirements are recorded. Verify the required endorsements for ground and flight instruction have been certified by an authorized flight instructor.
(6)    Have the applicant present evidence of satisfactory completion, of a course of instruction in the subjects listed in §§ 61.407 and 61.409 or an acceptable equivalent.
(7)    As applicable to the flight instructor privilege sought, inspect the applicant’s knowledge test report(s), test report(s) from an approved school with knowledge test examining authority, or authorization to use acceptable alternative criteria in lieu of the FOI test.
(8)    If a flight instructor is applying for renewal of his or her flight instructor certificate, determine whether the flight instructor certificate is still current. If the certificate is not current, advise the applicant that the flight instructor certificate is no longer current and that he or she must submit to a re-instatement practical test, in accordance with § 61.427.
(9)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV of FAA Form 8710-11 entitled “HAVE YOU FAILED A TEST FOR THIS CERTIFICATE OR RATING,” verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49, if appropriate.

f.    Aircraft Requirements. Review the aircraft’s airworthiness certificate, aircraft registration, and aircraft maintenance records or logbooks for the last annual condition inspection, 100-hour inspection, if applicable, and compliance with applicable Airworthiness Directive (AD) and safety directives to determine if the aircraft is in a safe condition for flight and suitable for this practical test. Verify that the aircraft (airplane or glider) to be used is certificated for spins, if required. Aircraft used must meet the definition of light sport aircraft in accordance with § 1.1. After reviewing the documents, return them to the applicant.

g.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return the application and all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment, if requested to do so.

h.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the flight instructor certificate and associated rating(s) or privilege(s) sought, accept the FAA Form 8710-11 and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the appropriate PTS and chapter 7, section 2.

(1)    If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant. (See chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b.)
(2)    Return the application and all submitted documents to the applicant with the original of the letter of discontinuance.
(3)    Explain how the applicant may complete the test at a later date.

i.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant does not meet the applicable standards for the certificate or rating sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the FAA Form 8060-5. Give the applicant a copy of the FAA Form 8060-5.
(3)    Send FAA Form 8710-11 and FAA Form 8060-5 to AFS-610. The examiner may use IACRA.

j.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the flight instructor certificate, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.

(1)    Endorse the appropriate flight instructor privilege in the applicant’s logbook.
(2)    Place the following notation on line XIII of the FAA Form 8060-4. “VALID ONLY WHEN ACCOMPANIED BY PILOT CERTIFICATE NO. [enter number]. EXPIRES [enter date].”
(3)    If the applicant is eligible for a gold seal flight instructor certificate, enter the notation “GOLD SEAL CERTIFICATE” in the block containing the “Original Issuance/Reissuance” boxes on the FAA Form 8060-4. (See Figures 7-30 and 7-30A.)

Note:  Only an ASI is authorized to issue the initial gold seal on a flight instructor certificate. A designee who is authorized to conduct flight instructor renewal/reinstatement practical tests or renewal of a flight instructor certificate (i.e., FIRE) may renew/reinstate a gold seal on a flight instructor certificate.

(4)    Verify that all information on the FAA Form 8060-4 is correct. Sign the FAA Form 8060-4 and direct the applicant to sign Line VII.
(5)    Retain the original FAA Form 8060-4 for the certification file, and give the applicant a copy of the FAA Form 8060-4.

k.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

Section 16. Conduct a Flight Instructor Practical Test for an Initial, Renewal, Reinstatement Certification, or an Additional Category/Class Rating to a Flight Instructor Certificate

98.    General. FSDOs authorize FIEs to conduct practical tests for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate on a case-by-case basis only. However, if a FSDO is unable to schedule a flight instructor applicant who has completed training and is prepared to take the test with an ASI within two weeks from the date of the original request, then the Flight Standards Service (AFS) division and FSDO managers are encouraged to approve the designation of a local FIE to give initial flight instructor practical tests. Additionally, FSDOs authorize FIREs the authority to renew holders of a current flight instructor certificate provided that the renewal only involves an administrative process and no practical test is involved. (See chapter 7, section 20 for a detailed explanation of the eligibly and authority of a FIRE.)

a.    Authorization to Conduct Renewals and Reinstatements.

(1)    An FIE is authorized to conduct the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate. However, the basis for issuing the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate will be based on the applicant satisfactorily accomplishing a practical test (i.e., the oral and flight portions) as per § 61.197(a)(1).
(2)    An examiner who holds a FIRE authority may renew holders of current flight instructor certificates provided that the renewal only involves an administrative process and no practical test is involved. A FIRE’s authority permits renewal of a current flight instructor certificate in accordance with the flight instructor renewal provisions set forth in § 61.197(a)(2)(i) and (iii) or in accordance with a flight instructor’s participation as a flight instructor in the FAA’s Pilot Proficiency Awards Program (WINGS). Specifically, a FIRE’s authority to renew holders of current flight instructor certificates involves the following kinds of renewal procedures only:
(a)    A FIRE may renew a holder of current flight instructor certificate who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having a record of training students that shows, during the preceding 24 calendar-months, that the flight instructor has endorsed at least five students for a practical test for a certificate or rating and at least 80 percent of those students passed that test on the first attempt (i.e., § 61.197(a)(2)(i)).
(b)    A FIRE may renew a holder of current flight instructor certificate who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having a graduation certificate that shows, within the preceding 3 calendar-months before the date of application, the applicant has successfully completed an approved flight instructor refresher course in accordance with § 61.197(a)(2)(iii).
(c)    A FIRE may renew a holder of current flight instructor certificate who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having participated as a flight instructor in a phase of the FAA’s WINGS Program.

b.    Medical Certification Requirements.

(1)    An applicant for an initial, renewed, or reinstated flight instructor certificate or additional ratings is required to hold at least a current third-class medical certificate if the practical test is conducted in an aircraft in flight (meaning in an airplane, rotorcraft, or powered-lift) with the applicant acting as PIC. If the practical test does not involve use of an aircraft in flight, the applicant is not required to hold a medical certificate.
(2)    If the applicant does not hold a medical certificate and the practical test will be conducted in an aircraft (airplane, rotorcraft, or powered-lift), the examiner must agree to be the PIC. However, an examiner is not required to accept PIC responsibility for an applicant just because the applicant lacks the necessary medical certificate. The decision to conduct such a test rests solely with the examiner. The FAA strongly discourages examiners from agreeing to perform PIC duties during the practical test. Examiners who agree to perform PIC duties during a practical test are advised to review § 61.47. Examiners must understand that there are possible liability ramifications when agreeing to perform PIC duties during the practical test.

99.    Knowledge Test. The flight instructor knowledge examination consists of two tests: FOI and a test appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought. The FOI test is common to all flight instructor ratings and does not need to be repeated for a subsequent flight instructor rating if the applicant holds any flight instructor or ground instructor certificate.

a.    FOI Test Alternate Criteria. An applicant for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate does not need to take the FOI test if the applicant meets certain alternate criteria. However, the applicant must present appropriate documentation to the FSDO and obtain an authorization to use either of the following in lieu of the FOI test:

(1)    A current teacher’s certificate issued by a state, county, or city authorizing the applicant to teach at an educational level of the seventh grade or higher; or
(2)    Evidence of regular employment as a teacher at an accredited college or university.

b.    Test for Flight Instructor Rating Sought. Except when adding an Airplane—Single-Engine rating or Airplane Multiengine rating to an existing Flight Instructor—Airplane certificate, an applicant for a flight instructor certificate must pass the applicable knowledge test for each flight instructor aircraft rating sought. A knowledge test is required for the following ratings:

(1)    Flight Instructor—Airplane.
(2)    Flight Instructor—Rotorcraft Helicopter.
(3)    Flight Instructor—Rotorcraft Gyroplane.
(4)    Flight Instructor—Instrument Airplane.
(5)    Flight Instructor—Instrument Helicopter.
(6)    Flight Instructor—Instrument Powered-lift.
(7)    Flight Instructor—Glider.
(8)    Flight Instructor—Powered-lift.

100.    Practical Test. The examiner will conduct the practical test for original issuance, additional ratings, renewal, and/or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate in accordance with the appropriate flight instructor PTS. The examiner may also require the applicant to demonstrate knowledge and skill from other PTSs that may include private pilot certificate, commercial pilot certificate, or instrument rating PTS, appropriate to the rating sought.

Note:  A turbojet or fan jet will not be used for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate for an Airplane—Single-Engine rating or Airplane—Multiengine rating. They may be used for added Airplane—Single-Engine rating or Airplane—Multiengine rating.

101.    Eligibility Requirements. A flight instructor applicant must hold either a commercial pilot certificate or an ATP airman certificate. A commercial certificate issued on the basis of a foreign-pilot license does not satisfy this requirement. If the applicant holds a commercial pilot certificate, that applicant must also hold an instrument—airplane rating if applying for a flight instructor—airplane or a flight instructor instrument—airplane rating.

a.    English Requirement. If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.

b.    Medical Certificate. An applicant for a flight instructor certificate is not required to hold a current medical certificate. If the applicant is the PIC, then a current third-class medical certificate is required.

c.    Logbook Endorsement. An applicant for a Flight Instructor—Airplane or Flight Instructor—Glider rating must present a logbook endorsement from an authorized flight instructor who indicates the applicant is competent and proficient in stall awareness, spin entry, spin, and spin recovery procedures in an aircraft of the appropriate category.

(1)    Except as provided in § 61.185(b), an applicant for a flight instructor certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement on the fundamentals of instruction listed in § 61.185(a)(1).
(2)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant has received and logged some training within the 60 days preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
(3)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies the applicant is prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form 8710-1 with the authorized instructor’s signature.
(4)    The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an endorsement from an authorized instructor that states the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
(5)    An applicant for a flight instructor certificate must have logged training and received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by § 61.187(b) that is appropriate for the flight instructor rating sought.
(6)    An applicant for a Flight Instructor—Airplane or Flight Instructor—Glider rating must present a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor indicating that the applicant is competent and possesses instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures in an airplane or glider, as appropriate.
(a)    Except in the case of a retest after a failure for the deficiencies stated in § 61.49(b), the examiner may either accept the logbook endorsement or require the applicant to demonstrate competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spin, and spin recovery procedures.
(b)    If FAA Form 8060-5 was issued due to deficiencies in competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures, the applicant is required to spin the aircraft and demonstrate competency and instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures on the retest.
(c)    The examiner and the applicant are not required to wear parachutes for spin task demonstration during a flight instructor practical test.
(7)    For first-time flight instructor applicants, both the instructor who provided all the required training and the recommending instructor making the endorsements must have met the requirements of § 61.195(h). This requirement does not apply to flight instructor applicants seeking an additional rating because those applicants are not considered first-time flight instructor applicants.

d.    Flight Proficiency Endorsement. An applicant must have received flight instruction by a flight instructor meeting the requirements of § 61.187(b) in the subjects appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought.

(1)    The applicant’s logbook must contain an endorsement from that flight instructor certifying that the applicant is competent to pass a test on those subjects.
(2)    Other flight instructors not necessarily meeting those requirements may have given the applicant instruction; however, some instruction in each subject and the appropriate logbook endorsement must have been given by a flight instructor meeting the requirements of § 61.187(b).

e.    Aeronautical Knowledge. The applicant must present evidence of meeting the requirements of § 61.185(a) and (b). The applicant may use the following items to show compliance with § 61.185(a):

(1)    A certificate of graduation from an appropriate pilot training course;
(2)    A certificate of graduation from an appropriate ground school course;
(3)    A certificate of graduation from an appropriate home study course;
(4)    A statement by an authorized ground or flight instructor certifying that the applicant has satisfactorily completed an appropriate home study course;
(5)    A statement by an authorized ground or flight instructor certifying that the applicant has satisfactorily completed an appropriate course of instruction given by an authorized ground or flight instructor; or
(6)    A certified college transcript or teaching certificate that lists the following items or their equivalents:
(a)    Educational psychology;
(b)    General psychology;
(c)    Tests and measurement;
(d)    Teaching methods in aviation or science;
(e)    Secondary school curriculum development and lesson planning; and
(f)        Practice teaching in a classroom or on the flight line.

f.    Flight Instructor Endorsements. An applicant may meet the requirements of § 61.185(b) without further instruction, provided the ground instruction required by §§ 61.105(a), 61.125(a), and 61.65(b), as applicable, was endorsed by an authorized ground and/or flight instructor.

(1)    The applicant may also present a flight or ground instructor’s endorsement certifying that the instruction required by § 61.185(a) has been accomplished. The endorsement should be similar to the sample endorsement provided in AC 61-65.
(2)    A graduate of an approved pilot school may present a record of training, certified by the approved school, which lists the subjects covered.

g.    Knowledge Test Report. The applicant must present the required knowledge test report(s) except when adding a single or multiengine class rating to an existing flight instructor certificate.

102.    General Procedures for Renewal or Reinstatement. The examiner may require an applicant for renewal or reinstatement to complete all or any portion of the flight instructor practical test that the examiner deems necessary to determine the applicant’s competence to hold a flight instructor certificate.

a.    Endorsement Not Required. A flight instructor endorsement is not required for the renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate except in accordance with the provisions of § 61.49 for a retest.

b.    Expiration Date. A flight instructor certificate is renewed or reinstated with an expiration date 24 calendar‑months after the month of renewal/reinstatement or the month of expiration of the current flight instructor certificate, provided the provisions of § 61.197(a) are accomplished within the 3 calendar-months preceding the expiration month of the current flight instructor certificate.

c.    Examiner Qualifications for Renewal Tests of Applicants with Multiple Category Ratings. In order to conduct a practical test for the renewal of a flight instructor certificate with more than one aircraft category rating, an examiner must hold FIRE authority or be designated in at least one of the categories of aircraft on the flight instructor certificate to be renewed.

d.    Renewal of All Ratings. An applicant may renew all ratings on a current flight instructor certificate by satisfactorily completing one practical test. Also, the satisfactory completion of a practical test for an additional flight instructor rating constitutes the renewal of a flight instructor certificate.

103.    Denial of Renewal or Reinstatement. If an applicant is unable to meet the requirements for renewal or reinstatement of a flight instructor certificate or rating by satisfactorily completing the applicable practical test, the examiner issues the applicant a notice of disapproval of application. If renewal or reinstatement has been denied on the basis of the applicant’s piloting proficiency, the examiner should document the deficiencies and contact the FSDO so that the FSDO may consider the need for possible recertification action.

104.    Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificates. A qualified flight instructor may request the issuance of a gold seal flight instructor certificate when renewing his/her flight instructor certificate or at any time the flight instructor applies upon meeting the requirements. Only an ASI is authorized to issue the initial gold seal on a flight instructor certificate. A designee who is authorized to conduct flight instructor renewal/reinstatement practical tests or renewal of a flight instructor certificate (i.e., FIRE) may renew/reinstate a gold seal on a flight instructor certificate.

a.    Gold Seal Requirements. A gold seal certificate may be issued to a flight instructor who holds a flight instructor certificate and a commercial pilot certificate with an instrument rating; holds a ground instructor certificate with an advanced or an instrument ground instructor rating; and has met one of the following criteria within the past 24 calendar-months:

(1)    Trained and recommended at least 10 applicants for certificates or ratings with at least 80 percent of those applicants recommended passing the practical test on their first attempt.
(2)    Conducted at least 20 certification practical tests as an examiner or conducted 20 graduation tests as a chief flight instructor for an approved pilot school course.
(3)    Fulfills a combination of the training and testing requirements listed in subparagraphs 110a(1) and (2).

Note:  Two tests conducted equal one applicant trained and recommended.

(4)    Holds a master flight instructor certificate from the National Association of Flight Instructors (NAFI).

b.    Renewal of a Gold Seal Flight Instructor Certificate. The holder of a gold seal flight instructor certificate is not required to meet the criteria for the gold seal again. A flight instructor who qualifies for a gold seal is entitled to receive another gold seal on all flight instructor certificate renewals and/or reinstatements.

105.    Category, Class, and Instrument Ratings Placed on a Flight Instructor Certificate. The following ratings are placed on flight instructor certificates where applicable:

a.    Aircraft Category Ratings:

(1)    AIRPLANE.
(2)    ROTORCRAFT.
(3)    POWERED-LIFT.
(4)    GLIDER.

b.    Airplane Class Ratings:

(1)    SINGLE-ENGINE.
(2)    MULTIENGINE.

c.    Rotorcraft Class Ratings:

(1)    HELICOPTER.
(2)    GYROPLANE.

d.    Instrument Ratings:

(1)    INSTRUMENT—AIRPLANE.
(2)    INSTRUMENT—HELICOPTER.
(3)    INSTRUMENT—POWERED-LIFT.

106.    Limitations. There is no provision for an examiner or an inspector to issue operating limitations on a flight instructor certificate.

107.    Procedures.

a.    Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents and records to the appointment:

(1)     FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The applicant must complete sections I, II, IV, and V. Section 1 must have Parts A-U completed in its entirety. If a flight test is administered, section IIA(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight test and the “Total Time” in 2a. The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated from a FAA-approved course (this does not include FIRCs) Ensure the applicant has given the school name and location (city and state). The applicant is not required to complete section III, Record of Pilot Time, but it is recommended. However, if the application is for an added flight instructor rating, then the applicant must show 15 hours of PIC in the category and class of aircraft appropriate to the rating sought. Section IV must be answered “YES” or “NO” if a flight test was administered. If “YES,” ensure the airman’s pink slip is included with the approved application. If the applicant has lost the pink slip, attach a statement to that affect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
(a)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 Pilot Schools or part 142 Training Centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III on FAA Form 8710-1 even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(b)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III on FAA Form 8710-1. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be applications where aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action and thus the applicant would not be required to complete section III of FAA Form 8710-1. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III on FAA Form 8710-1. FAA Form 8710-1 remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience if a person were to lose their logbook.
(2)    A commercial pilot certificate (with an instrument rating, if applicable) or an ATP airman certificate with instrument privileges (if instrument privileges are applicable);
(3)    A current or expired flight instructor certificate, if for renewal/reinstatement;
(4)    A current third-class airman medical certificate, if any;
(5)    Knowledge test report(s) or authorization to use alternate criteria for the FOI test, if applicable;
(6)    An FAA-approved pilot school graduation certificate, if applicable;
(7)    A pilot logbook or other acceptable and reliable record(s) as evidence of having met the required aeronautical experience for the certificate and rating sought and to substantiate the aeronautical experience shown on FAA Form 8710-1;
(8)    The aircraft maintenance records;
(9)    The aircraft airworthiness certificate and operating limitations or approved flight manual for each aircraft to be used;
(10)    The aircraft registration;
(11)    The FCC aircraft station license; and
(12)    An acceptable form of photo identification.

b.    Applicant Arrives for Appointment. Collect and review the documents and records listed in subparagraphs 113a(1) through (12).

c.    Review Application. Verify that the information on the application is accurate and complete.

(1)    In section I on FAA Form 8710-1, ensure that the applicant has checked “Flight Instructor” and noted “Initial,” “Renewal,” “Reinstatement,” or “Additional Rating(s) on a Flight Instructor Certificate,” as appropriate to the practical test being requested.
(2)    Ensure that the remainder of FAA Form 8710-1 is completed in accordance with the instructions attached to the form and the information provided in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 27.
(3)    If the applicant is applying for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate, ensure that an authorized flight instructor has signed an endorsement within 60 days before the practical test.

d.    Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification to establish the applicant’s identity in accordance with the procedures described in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 25.

(1)    Compare the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form 8710-1.
(2)    When the applicant’s identity is verified, continue.
(3)    If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification are acceptable. Advise the applicant to return with appropriate identification.
(4)    If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on the application, or it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, discontinue the task and immediately report the matter to the FSDO.

e.    Establish Eligibility. If the applicant is applying for the original issuance of a flight instructor certificate, determine that the applicant meets the general eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, and flight proficiency requirements for the flight instructor certificate or rating sought (§§ 61.183, 61.185, and 61.187).

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot/instructor certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot/instructor certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.
(2)    Determine that the applicant holds at least a commercial pilot certificate or an ATP certificate with an aircraft rating appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought. If the applicant is seeking an airplane flight instructor or an instrument flight instructor rating, verify that the applicant has an instrument rating.
(3)    Verify that the applicant holds at least a current third-class airman medical certificate, if applicable. If the applicant does not hold a medical certificate and the test is to be conducted in an airplane or rotorcraft, decide whether to accept PIC responsibility in order to conduct the test.
(4)    If the applicant is applying for a test on the basis of graduation from an approved pilot school, inspect the applicant’s graduation certificate to verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.71(a), which requires an applicant’s graduation certificate to be dated within 60 days of completion of the practical test.
(5)    Examine the applicant’s logbooks and/or other reliable record(s) to verify that all aeronautical knowledge and flight proficiency requirements are recorded. Verify that the required endorsements for ground and flight instruction have been certified by an authorized flight instructor (§§ 61.185(a) and 61.187(a)).
(6)    Have the applicant present evidence of satisfactory completion of a course of instruction in the subjects listed in § 61.185(a), or an acceptable equivalent.
(7)    As applicable to the flight instructor rating sought, inspect the applicant’s knowledge test report(s), test report(s) from an approved school with knowledge test examining authority, or authorization to use acceptable alternative criteria in lieu of the FOI test.
(8)    If a flight instructor is applying for renewal of his or her flight instructor certificate and rating(s), determine whether the certificate is current. If the certificate is no longer current, advise the applicant that he or she must submit a reinstatement practical test, in accordance with § 61.199(a). Per § 61.199(b)(1), a holder of a flight instructor rating or a limited flight instructor rating on a pilot certificate is no longer valid and may not be exchanged for a similar rating or a flight instructor certificate. Per § 61.199(b)(2), the holder of a flight instructor rating or a limited flight instructor rating on a pilot certificate may be issued a flight instructor certificate with the current ratings, but only if the person passes the required knowledge and practical tests prescribed in this subpart for the issuance of the current flight instructor certificate and rating.
(9)    For an additional flight instructor rating, check the record of aeronautical experience in section III of FAA Form 8710-1 to determine that the applicant has the minimum aeronautical experience required for the additional flight instructor rating sought (§ 61.191). Ensure the applicant has passed the appropriate knowledge test for the additional rating, if applicable.
(10)    If the applicant has checked the “YES” box of section IV of FAA Form 8710-1, verify that the applicant meets the requirements of § 61.49, if appropriate.

f.    Aircraft Requirements. The applicant will review the aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness certificate, and aircraft registration for the purpose of demonstrating aeronautical knowledge about how to determine whether an aircraft is airworthy and suitable for flight. The examiner must verify that the aircraft (airplane or glider) to be used is certificated for spins.

g.    Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately corrected exists in any of the documents, return the application and all documents to the applicant.

(1)    Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
(2)    Reschedule the appointment if requested to do so.

h.    Conduct the Practical Test. After determining that the applicant is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the flight instructor certificate and associated rating(s) sought, accept the application and conduct the practical test in accordance with the guidance in the appropriate PTS and chapter 7, section 2. If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than unsatisfactory performance, issue a letter of discontinuance to the applicant (see chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 17b).

i.    Unsatisfactory Performance. If the applicant does not meet the applicable standards for the certificate or rating sought, inform the applicant of the reasons for the unsatisfactory performance.

(1)    Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 33.
(2)    Sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval and retain the original for the certification file.
(3)    Retain FAA Form 8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.

j.    Satisfactory Performance. When the applicant has satisfactorily met all requirements for the flight instructor certificate and ratings sought, prepare FAA Form 8060-4 in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31.

(1)    Enter the appropriate flight instructor ratings on line XII of the temporary airman certificate.
(2)    Place on the temporary certificate any flight instructor ratings not reinstated with the original date(s) of expiration from the superseded certificate.
(3)    Place the notation “VALID ONLY WHEN ACCOMPANIED BY PILOT CERTIFICATE NO. [enter number]. EXPIRES [enter date]” on line XIII of the temporary certificate.
(4)    If the applicant is eligible for a gold seal flight instructor certificate, enter the notation “GOLD SEAL CERTIFICATE” in the block containing the Original Issuance/Reissuance boxes on the temporary certificate. (See Figures 7-30 and 7-30A.)

Note:  Only an ASI is authorized to issue the initial gold seal on a flight instructor certificate. A designee who is authorized to conduct flight instructor renewal/reinstatement practical tests or renewal of a flight instructor certificate (i.e., FIRE) may renew/reinstate a gold seal on a flight instructor certificate.

(5)    Verify that all information on the form is correct. Sign the certificate and direct the airman to sign line VII of the form.
(6)    Retain the original for the certification file and give the applicant a copy of the temporary certificate.

k.    Complete the Certification File. Complete the certification file in accordance with the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29.

(1)    Mail the completed certification file to the managing FSDO no later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the test.
(2)    IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.

Section 17. Conduct Pilot Proficiency Checks as a Pilot Proficiency Examiner

108.    General. Where the FSDO determines need at a specific location, the FAA designates a PPE to conduct § 61.58 PIC proficiency checks in aircraft and/or simulators.

109.    Limitations. All proficiency checks are conducted in compliance with the Airline Transport Pilot PTS [appropriate aircraft] and are subject to the following limitations:

a.    Category, Class, and Type Rating. A PPE will not conduct a proficiency check in any aircraft for which the examiner does not hold a category, class, and type rating.

b.    COA and/or COA Letter. A PPE will not conduct a proficiency check in a multiengine airplane, turboprop, or turbojet aircraft other than the make and model for which the PPE holds a COA and/or COA letter.

c.    Certification Practical Tests. A PPE will not conduct certification practical tests.

d.    Serve the Public. A PPE must be willing to serve the public outside the examiner’s organization upon reasonable request by an applicant.

e.    Certificates and Type Ratings. A PPE must hold an ATP certificate or a commercial pilot certificate with an instrument rating and, for PPEs authorized for aircraft, a type rating for the type of aircraft authorized.

f.    PIC Privileges. A PPE must hold PIC privileges for the type of aircraft authorized while acting in an official capacity as a PPE.

g.    Turbojet Simulator Authorization. A PPE who holds a turbojet simulator authorization must hold a turbojet rating on his/her pilot certificate. However, the rating does not need to be in the same type aircraft that the simulator represents.

h.    Turboprop Airplanes in Simulators. A PPE who holds an authorization for turboprop airplanes in simulators only does not need to hold a turboprop type rating on his/her pilot certificate.

Note:  A PPE’s testing privileges are not limited to the examiner’s base of operations or the managing FSDO’s geographical area of responsibility.

110.    Experience Requirements for Designation as a PPE. To be eligible for designation as a PPE, a candidate must meet the following experience requirements, appropriate to the designation sought.

a.    PPE—Airplane. The candidate must have at least:

(1)    PIC, 2,000 hours including 300 hours as PIC in large/turbine-powered airplanes, including 50 in each large/turbine-powered aircraft for which authorization is sought (for additional aircraft, 25 hours); and
(2)    Of instrument time, 150 hours including at least 50 hours in actual instrument conditions.

b.    PPE—Rotorcraft. The candidate must have at least:

(1)    As PIC, 2,000 hours including 300 hours as PIC in large/turbine-powered helicopters, including 50 in each large/turbine-powered helicopter for which authorization is sought (for additional helicopters, 25 hours); and
(2)    Of instrument time, 100 hours (actual or simulated), including 25 hours in helicopters.

c.    PPE—Simulator. The candidate must have at least:

(1)    As PIC, 2,000 hours including 150 hours of instrument time;
(2)    Of instructor time, 200 hours in the type simulator for which authorization is sought; and
(3)    Satisfactorily completed a formal ground school and simulator program on the aircraft type for which a simulator authorization is sought.

111.    Practical Test. The check for an initial designation as PPE will consist of an oral element, an aircraft element, and/or FS/FTD element, if an FS/FTD element is appropriate to the designation sought. The testing elements will be to determine the candidate’s knowledge and flight proficiency regarding the requirements for PIC proficiency checks. Performance on the check will determine the candidate’s ability to effectively evaluate the proficiency of other pilots.

a.    Method of Testing. The ASI may elect to observe the examiner candidate conducting a proficiency check for an actual applicant. The inspector will evaluate the candidate’s performance while the candidate evaluates the applicant’s performance.

b.    Practical Test Criteria. Practical test criteria stated in chapter 7, section 1, paragraphs 3a through 3c should be applied to proficiency checks to the extent appropriate.

c.    Training. The inspector will provide training for the candidate on the procedures to be used in evaluating the performance of applicants for proficiency checks.

112.    COA Letter. Upon the PPE candidate’s satisfactory completion of all the testing elements and designation requirements, the FSDO will issue the PPE a COA letter stating the types of aircraft and/or simulators for which the examiner is authorized to conduct proficiency checks. The COA letter is valid until the expiration date shown on the COA letter.

a.    Simulators Only. The FSDO will substitute the word “simulator” for the word “airplane” on the examiner’s COA if the examiner is authorized to conduct proficiency checks in simulators only.

b.    Airplane and Simulator. A COA noting “airplane” also authorizes the PPE to conduct proficiency checks in a simulator for the type of airplanes authorized.

113.    Additional Designations. An additional designation may be issued to an examiner by completing the same procedures used for original designation.

a.    Demonstration of Competency. Each additional designation requires a demonstration of competency appropriate to the authorization sought. Upon satisfactory completion of the demonstration of competency, the additional authorization will be shown on the examiner’s COA letter.

b.    PPE Holding DPE Authorization. An examiner holding a COA for DPE privileges will be issued a second COA for the PPE designation only if the PPE privileges exceed those authorized by the DPE designation. Otherwise, the DPE designation automatically conveys PPE privileges for the aircraft authorized by the DPE COA letter.

114.    PIC Proficiency Check Procedures. The PPE will conduct all pilot proficiency checks in compliance with the applicable regulations, appropriate PTS, and ATC procedures. The examiner should observe recommended clearing procedures and good operating practices at all times. The examiner should emphasize to applicants that cockpit vigilance for other traffic is an important part of total pilot proficiency. The examiner will use the procedures prescribed in the aircraft flight manual and observe the operating limitations of the aircraft used at all times.

a.    Pilot Proficiency Checks in Airplanes. The PIC proficiency check in airplanes required for each 24-month period must be accomplished in the type of airplane in which the pilot acts as PIC. However, the pilot may elect to perform certain authorized maneuvers in a simulator or training device.

(1)    In alternate 12-month periods in airplanes, the pilot has the option of performing all required maneuvers or procedures in a simulator or a training device in lieu of an airplane.
(2)    Whether the pilot chooses to use an airplane, simulator/training device, or both, the required maneuvers and procedures are limited to those outlined in the schedule for the 12-month check.

b.    PIC Proficiency Checks in Other Aircraft. Provision for the use of simulators and training devices has been limited to proficiency checks in airplanes because devices having the capability for determining pilot proficiency for other kinds of aircraft are not readily available. Therefore, the proficiency checks required for other kinds of aircraft must include the maneuvers and procedures specified for the issuance of an original type rating in the aircraft used for each 12-month proficiency check.

c.    Application Form. An applicant for a PIC proficiency check applies by completing the top portion of FAA Form 8410-1, Airman Proficiency/Qualification Check. The PPE grades the required maneuvers and procedures as satisfactory (S), unsatisfactory (U), or waived (W). At the conclusion of the check, the PPE indicates “Approved” or “Disapproved” on the form and gives the original and one copy to the pilot. The PPE should retain the second copy of the form for the PPE’s records.

115.    Proficiency Check Records. A PPE will endorse the applicant’s logbook or flight record to show completion of the proficiency check or a portion of the check. The endorsement must contain the applicant’s name, the date, the type of aircraft or simulator used, the PPE’s designation number and signature, and the result of the check. The PPE will keep a record of each proficiency check conducted. A list of the proficiency checks conducted must accompany the PPE’s application for annual renewal of the designation.

Section 18. Accomplish Designation/Issue Certificates as an ACR, Limited to Examining Authority under Part 141

116.    General. Approved pilot schools with examining authority under part 141 may request the designation of an ACR authorized to issue airman certificates to graduates after the school’s chief instructor determines that the applicants have satisfactorily completed the appropriate courses.

a.    ACR Privileges and Limitations. An ACR is authorized to accept applications for pilot certificates and/or ratings from the graduates of an approved pilot school holding appropriate examining authority under part 141. The ACR may accept applications only from eligible course graduates of the pilot school named on the examiner’s COA and Certificate of Designation.

(1)    The ACR is authorized, after review of the applicant’s training records and eligibility, to issue pilot certificates and ratings without further testing.
(2)    An ACR is not authorized to conduct any knowledge or practical tests in connection with ACR duties.
(3)    If an ACR also holds DPE authority, that person must be issued separate ACR and DPE designations/COA letters.

b.    Record of Applications. An ACR will maintain a record of all certificate and rating applications processed, including those denied and returned to the pilot school for further action.

(1)    If an application is denied, the ACR will return the application, training records, and all attachments to the appropriate pilot school authorities for action.
(2)    An ACR is not authorized to issue FAA Form 8060-5.

117.    Selection of ACRs. The holder of an examining authority under part 141 subpart D, may request ACR designation for an owner, corporate officer, partner, or other responsible employee of that company. The pilot school requesting an ACR designation must hold examining authority for both flight and knowledge test privileges or flight test privileges only. Holders of knowledge test privileges only are not eligible for ACR designation.

a.    ACR Eligibility and Experience Requirements. In addition to the selection criteria in chapter 2, paragraph 3, and chapter 7, section 1, paragraph 1, an ACR candidate:

(1)     Must hold a management or administrative position in the pilot school organization that is superior to the chief flight instructor designated for each course of training conducted under examining authority.
(2)    Must have been employed as the chief flight instructor of the pilot school or have held one of the other positions indicated in subparagraph (1) for at least 12 months immediately preceding the application for designation.

b.    Alternative Experience. The holder of a current DPE designation meets all eligibility and experience requirements for designation as an ACR. A current DPE is authorized to perform ACR duties and responsibilities (for any airman certificate or rating) without further need for approval or authorization from the managing FSDO.

c.    Exceptions. A recommendation for the designation of a candidate who does not meet all of the applicable eligibility and experience requirements is forwarded to the regional flight standards division manager for consideration. The recommendation should include a statement of all special circumstances affecting the designation. The division manager’s approval is required before any commitment is made or a COA is issued.

d.    Examination of the Candidate. After determining that the applicant meets the eligibility and experience requirements, an inspector will conduct an oral examination to determine the candidate’s knowledge of:

(1)    Pilot school certification requirements.
(2)    Pilot school general operating rules.
(3)    Examining authority privileges and limitations.
(4)    Pilot certificate and rating requirements and procedures.
(5)    The standards and requirements of the pilot school represented.

e.    Training. If the inspector deems the candidate’s knowledge adequate for effective administration of the designation, the inspector will instruct the candidate on procedures to be used in evaluating airman applications and training records to determine the validity of the pilot school’s recommendations.

f.    Designation. The FSDO issues the new ACR a Certificate of Designation, a COA, and an initial supply of official materials appropriate to the authorization.

(1)    An inspector will instruct the ACR on how to correctly complete, check, and forward certification files to the FSDO.
(2)    IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.
Indicates new/changed information.

118.    Certification of Graduates. When the ACR issues a certificate and/or rating, the examiner will complete and certify the appropriate information on the reverse side of FAA Form 8710-1. (See Figure 7-25.)

a.    Temporary Airman Certificate. The ACR will use the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31 to prepare FAA Form 8060-4.

b.    Certification File. The ACR should use the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29, to complete the certification file. FAA Form 8710-1 will clearly indicate that the applicant has been certificated as a graduate of a pilot school with examining authority.

Section 19. Accomplish Designation/Issue Certificates as an ACR Employed Solely by a FIRC Sponsor

119.    General. Sponsors of FAA-approved FIRCs may request the designation of an ACR authorized to issue flight instructor certificate renewals to eligible course graduates of the approved FIRC.

a.    ACR Privileges and Limitations. An ACR is authorized to accept applications for the renewal of a valid flight instructor certificate from FAA-approved FIRC graduates. The ACR may only accept an application from a holder of a flight instructor certificate who graduated from a FIRC that is named on the ACR’s COA and Certificate of Designation.

(1)    After reviewing the applicant’s attendance/training record and eligibility, an ACR is authorized to renew the flight instructor certificate of a FIRC graduate who meets the requirements of § 61.197(a)(2)(iii).
(2)    An ACR is not authorized to conduct any knowledge or practical tests in connection with ACR duties.

b.    Record of Applications. An ACR will maintain a record of all certificate renewal applications processed, including those not accepted and returned to the applicant.

(1)    If the ACR cannot act upon an application for the renewal of a flight instructor certificate, the ACR will return the application to the applicant and advise the applicant of the reasons for non-acceptance.
(2)    The ACR will maintain a record of all certificate renewal applications processed for at least the preceding 12 calendar-months.

120.    Selection of ACRs. Only the holder of an FAA-approved FIRC training course outline (TCO) may sponsor an applicant for ACR designation. Final approval of the TCO is a prerequisite for an ACR designation. The sponsor of an FAA-approved FIRC may request ACR designation for one or more responsible members or employees of that organization by submitting a letter to the jurisdictional FSDO where the applicant’s principal business office is located. The ACR designation will be issued by the jurisdictional FSDO with the notification and concurrence from the jurisdictional AFS regional office and AFS-800. If the jurisdictional flight standards regional office elects to deny the ACR candidate’s application, a letter of explanation will be sent to the jurisdictional FSDO and AFS-800.

a.    Prerequisites. The sponsor requesting an ACR designation will provide the following information:

·    The original date of FAA approval of the sponsor to conduct the FIRC;

·    The number of programs given in the 12-month period immediately preceding the request for an ACR designation;

·    The number of attendees issued graduation certificates, the number of graduation certificates denied, and the reasons for the denials; and

·    The number and location of programs scheduled and the expected number of attendees for the 12-month period immediately following the date of request for designation.

b.    Specific Eligibility and Experience Requirements. In addition to the general eligibility requirements in chapter 2, section 3 and the requirements in chapter 7, section 1, paragraph 1, a candidate employed only by a FIRC sponsor who applies for designation as an ACR:

(1)    Must hold at least a commercial pilot certificate.
(2)    Must hold a flight instructor certificate with at least one aircraft category rating, or hold a ground instructor certificate with an advanced and instrument rating.
(3)    Must have been employed as a chief flight instructor, assistant chief flight instructor, or ground instructor of an FAA-approved FIRC, or have held a management or administrative position in a FIRC for at least 12 calendar‑months immediately preceding application for designation as an ACR.
(4)    Must have a written recommendation from the FIRC sponsor when the candidate is a person other than the sponsor.

c.    Alternative Experience. The holder of a current DPE designation meets all eligibility and experience requirements for designation as an ACR. A current DPE is authorized to perform ACR duties and responsibilities (for any airman certificate or rating) without further need for approval or authorization from the managing FSDO.

d.    Exceptions. A recommendation for the designation of an ACR who does not meet all of the applicable eligibility and experience requirements is forwarded to the jurisdictional FAA Flight Standards Division Regional Manager for approval before being sent to the AFS-800 Manager, for concurrence. The recommendation should include a statement of all special circumstances affecting the designation. The jurisdictional FAA Flight Standards Regional Division Manager’s approval and AFS-800 concurrence is required before a COA may be issued to the ACR candidate.

e.    Examination of the Candidate. After determining that the applicant meets the eligibility and experience requirements, an inspector will conduct an oral examination to determine the candidate’s knowledge of:

·    Airman certification requirements; and

·    The standards for processing applications submitted by FIRC graduates for renewal of flight instructor certificates.

f.    Training. If the inspector deems the candidate’s knowledge adequate for effective administration of the designation, the ASI will instruct the candidate on:

·    Procedures to be used in reviewing flight instructor renewal applications for proper completion; and

·    Procedures for evaluating the application and the applicant’s training attendance record to determine eligibility for renewal under the provisions of § 61.197(c).

g.    Designation. The FSDO issues the new ACR a Certificate of Designation, a COA, and an initial supply of official materials appropriate to the authorization.

·    An inspector will instruct the ACR on how to correctly complete, check, and forward certification files to the FSDO; and

·    IACRA certification files may be sent directly to AFS-760.

121.    Flight Instructor Certificate and Ratings Issued on the Basis of Military Competence by an MCE and MC/FPE. Per § 61.73(g), the FAA may accept applications for a flight instructor certificate and appropriate ratings from current and former U.S. military instructor pilots or U.S. military pilot examiners who meet the eligibility requirements as set forth in § 61.73(g). The requirement for a U.S. military instructor pilot or U.S. military pilot examiner is the passing of the Military Competency Flight Instructor aeronautical knowledge test (Military Comp-Instructor knowledge test) when applying for a flight instructor certificate and appropriate ratings on the basis of § 61.73(g). The FAA does not require a U.S. military instructor pilot or U.S. military pilot examiner who is applying for a flight instructor certificate and appropriate ratings on the basis of § 61.73(g) to take a practical test. The FAA does not require a U.S. military instructor pilot or U.S. military pilot examiner who already holds an FAA flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 subpart H to take the Military Comp-Instructor knowledge test. The FAA flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 subpart H suffices for the aeronautical knowledge test. Additionally, U.S. military instructor pilots or U.S. military pilot examiners may apply for renewal of a flight instructor certificate on the basis of the new § 61.197(a)(2)(iv).

a.    FAA Flight Instructor Certificate Eligibility Requirements. For a current U.S. military instructor pilot or pilot examiner or a former U.S. military instructor pilot or pilot examiner to apply for a flight instructor certificate under the provision in § 61.73(g), the applicant must provide the following documents to a FSDO or examiner:

(1)    A knowledge test that shows:
(a)    The applicant passed a Military Comp-Instructor knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed under § 61.185(a) that are appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought, and
(b)    The applicant passed the knowledge test within the 24 calendar-months preceding the month of application.

Note:  If the U.S. military instructor pilot or pilot examiner already holds a flight instructor certificate, the FAA can accept that flight instructor certificate in lieu of the knowledge test report (see § 61.73(g)(3)(i)).

(2)    An official U.S. Armed Forces record or order documenting the individual’s current or past qualification as a U.S. Armed Forces military instructor pilot or pilot examiner for the flight instructor rating sought.
(3)    An official U.S. Armed Forces record or order documenting the individual’s completion of a U.S. Armed Forces instructor pilot or pilot examiner training course and receipt of an aircraft rating qualification as a military instructor pilot or pilot examiner that is appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought.
(4)    An official U.S. Armed Forces record or order documenting that the individual passed a U.S. Armed Forces instructor pilot or pilot examiner proficiency check in an aircraft as a military instructor pilot or pilot examiner that is appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought.

b.    FAA Flight Instructor Certificate Renewal Eligibility Requirements. A U.S. military instructor pilot or U.S. military pilot examiner who applies for renewal of a flight instructor certificate under the provisions of § 61.197(a)(2)(iv) must provide evidence of completion of an official U.S. Armed Forces military instructor pilot or military pilot examiner proficiency check within the 12 calendar-months preceding the month of application as an alternative method for renewing a flight instructor certificate and ratings. The FAA is offering this provision only to current U.S. military instructor pilots and current U.S. military pilot examiners. Former U.S. military instructor pilots and military pilot examiners who have left the military more than 12 calendar-months prior to the month of application would not have completed an official U.S. military instructor pilot/examiner proficiency check within the preceding 12 calendar-months. Therefore, the flight instructor renewal provision of § 61.197(a)(2)(iv) is only offered to U.S. military instructor pilots and military pilot examiners who can show evidence of having completed an official U.S. military instructor pilot/examiner proficiency check within the preceding 12 calendar-months prior to the month of application. The FAA will require former U.S. military instructor pilots and military pilot examiners who left the military more than 12 calendar‑months ago to comply with the other renewal requirements of § 61.197(a).

c.    Procedures for Conversion of U.S. Military Instructor Pilot Qualification to an FAA Flight Instructor Certificate. Per § 61.73(g), current U.S. military instructor pilots or U.S. military pilot examiners and former U.S. military instructor pilots or pilot examiners may apply for and be issued a flight instructor certificate with the appropriate ratings.

(1)    There is no time limit on being a “current” or “former” U.S. military instructor pilot or pilot examiner to apply for and be issued a flight instructor certificate with the appropriate ratings.
(2)    The FAA requires a U.S. military instructor pilot to only pass the MCI knowledge test when applying for a flight instructor certificate and appropriate ratings on the basis of § 61.73(g).
(3)    The FAA does not require a U.S. military instructor pilot to take a practical test when applying for a flight instructor certificate and appropriate ratings on the basis of § 61.73(g).
(4)    The FAA does not require a U.S. military instructor pilot who already holds an FAA flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 subpart H to take the MCI knowledge test . The FAA will accept the flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 subpart H in lieu of the aeronautical knowledge test (see § 61.73(g)(3)(i)).
(5)    DPEs, MCEs, and MC/FPEs, in addition to ASIs and ASTs, may accept applications for a flight instructor certificate from U.S. military instructor pilots and U.S. military pilot examiners who apply for an initial or renewal flight instructor certificate under the provisions of § 61.73(g) or § 61.197(a)(2)(iv), as appropriate. However, DPEs, MCEs, and MC/FPEs must receive § 61.73(g) training from the supervising FSDO prior to receiving authorization to issue flight instructor certificates to U.S. military instructor pilots and U.S. military pilot examiners.

d.    MCI Knowledge Test. The MCI knowledge test consists of 125 questions that cover the following subject areas (see § 61.185(a)):

(1)    The fundamentals of instructing, including:
(a)    The learning process,
(b)    Elements of effective teaching,
(c)    Student evaluation and testing,
(d)    Course development,
(e)    Lesson planning, and
(f)        Classroom training techniques.
(2)    The aeronautical knowledge areas for a recreational, private, and commercial pilot certificate applicable to the aircraft category for which flight instructor privileges are sought.
(3)    The aeronautical knowledge areas for the instrument rating applicable to the category for which instrument flight instructor privileges are sought.
(4)    The number of questions and breakdown of the MCI knowledge test will consist of:
(a)    Fundamentals of instructing (50 questions).
(b)    Part 61 requirements as they apply to flight instructors, student pilots, and certificate/rating applicants (i.e., endorsements, training requirements, limitations, certificate/rating requirements, etc.) (60 questions).
(c)    Attitude flying and basic flight instruments, from certified flight instructor-instrument (CFII) question bank (15 questions).

122.    Certification of Graduates. When the ACR issues a flight instructor certificate renewal, the examiner will complete and certify the appropriate information on the reverse side of FAA Form 8710-1.

a.    Temporary Airman Certificate. The ACR will use the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 31, as applicable, to prepare FAA Form 8060-4.

b.    Certification File. The ACR should use the guidance in chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 29 complete the certification file. The examiner will clearly indicate on FAA Form 8710-1 that the applicant has been certificated as a graduate of an FAA-approved FIRC.

c.    A Special Emphasis Action for ACR’s Review. FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the graduate. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the graduate must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item , the examiner must review the aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form 8710-1 and in the logbook/training record, including on applications for a renewal of a flight instructor certificate/rating(s).

(1)    In section III on FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application, the applicant must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the airmen certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part 141 Pilot Schools or part 142 Training Centers must provide their aeronautical experience in section III on FAA Form 8710-1 even though the graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
(2)    If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section III on FAA Form 8710-1. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and pilot type rating applications would be applications where aeronautical experience would not have a bearing on the airmen certification action and thus the applicant would not be required to complete section III of FAA Form 8710-1. However, all applicants are encouraged to complete section III on FAA Form 8710-1. FAA Form 8710-1 remains on file with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience if a person were to lose their logbook.

Section 20. Accomplish Designation/Conduct Functions as an MCE, FPE, MC/FPE, GIE, and FIRE

123.    Background. This section explains designation as a DPE with special authorization to perform as a:

a.    MCE. The MCE reviews a military pilot’s records, verifies computer test reports of the military competence knowledge test, and issues commercial pilot certificates and instrument ratings to qualified military pilot applicants as specifically authorized per § 61.73. The MCE may issue and/or upgrade pilot certificates bearing type ratings based on the applicant’s military pilot qualifications.

b.    FPE. An FPE may issue private pilot certificates on the basis of an applicant’s foreign license qualifications. The FPE reviews applicant records, verifies computer test reports for the Foreign Pilot Instrument knowledge tests, and issues private pilot certificates to qualified foreign applicants in accordance with (in accordance with) § 61.75. The FPE may issue type ratings at the private pilot certificate level based on aircraft type ratings held on the applicant’s foreign‑pilot license qualifications.

c.    MC/FPE. The MC/FPE accomplishes the following functions:

(1)    The MCE function of the MC/FPE designation reviews a military pilot’s records, verifies computer test reports of the military competence knowledge test, and issues commercial pilot certificates and instrument ratings to qualified military pilot applicants as specifically authorized (per § 61.73). The MCE function of the MC/FPE designation may issue and/or upgrade pilot certificates bearing type ratings based on the applicant’s military pilot qualifications.
(2)    The FPE function of the MC/FPE designation issues restricted private pilot certificates and instrument ratings on the basis of an applicant’s foreign license qualifications (per § 61.75).

d.    FIRE. An FIRE may renew holders of current flight instructor certificates on three flight instructor renewal procedures, only if the renewal involves an administrative process and no practical test is involved. A FIRE’s authority will be to renew the holder of a current flight instructor certificate in accordance with the flight instructor renewal provisions set forth in § 61.197(a)(2)(i) and (iii). Specifically, a FIRE’s authority to renew holders of current flight instructor certificates involves only the following kinds of renewal procedures:

(1)    For those flight instructors who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having a record of training students that shows, during the preceding 24 calendar-months, that the flight instructor has endorsed at least 5 students for a practical test for a certificate or rating and that at least 80 percent of those students passed that test on the first attempt (per § 61.197(a)(2)(i)).
(2)    For those flight instructors who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having a graduation certificate that shows, within the 3 calendar-months before the month of application, the applicant successfully completed an approved FIRC in accordance with § 61.197(a)(2)(iii).
(3)    For those flight instructors who apply to renew their flight instructor certificate on the basis of having participated as a flight instructor in a phase of the FAA WINGS Program.

e.    GIE. A GIE reviews a ground instructor applicant’s knowledge test report for a Ground Instructor Certificate with the appropriate ratings (basic, advanced, or instrument). The GIE may issue a Ground Instructor Certificate that bears the basic, advanced, or instrument rating to qualified ground instructor applicants, as specifically authorized (per §§ 61.213 and 61.215).

124.    General Information for MCE, FPE, and MC/FPE Designations. The FAA may designate a person to serve as an MCE to issue commercial pilot certificates and ratings in accordance with § 61.73 to U.S. military pilots. The FAA may designate a person to serve as an FPE to issue U.S. Private Pilot Certificates and ratings under § 61.75 to foreign-pilot license holders whose foreign country is a member state to the convention on international civil aviation. The designation of an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE is authorized where the FAA has determined there is a need to conduct pilot certification activities where a FSDO/International Field Office (IFO) may not be able to meet the demand for such pilot certification activities under § 61.73 or 61.75, as appropriate, in a timely manner.

a.    Designation as an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE Examiner. When deemed appropriate, a FSDO/IFO may designate a former FAA ASI (Operations) or DPE (current or former) as an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE, in accordance with the following criteria:

(1)    The FSDO/IFO will adequately train each MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designated in that office’s jurisdiction and record the training given to that MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designee.
(2)    The FSDO/IFO will review and check all airman certification files submitted by the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE for accuracy before the files are forwarded to AFS-760.
(3)    The FSDO/IFO will inspect the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE in accordance with the guidelines established for DPEs. The RFSD that has jurisdiction over the FSDO/IFO that maintains MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designations will ensure that a current list of DPEs holding this special authorization is forwarded to AFS-760.
(4)    Persons who are neither a former FAA ASI (Operations) or a DPE (current or former) may apply for waiver approval for an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation through the managing FSDO/IFO to the managing Flight Standards regional office.
(5)    A predesignation knowledge test is not required to apply for an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation.
(6)    The applicant for an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation is not required to hold a medical certificate.

b.    Initial/Recurrent Standardization Training for an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE Designation.

(1)    Because the managing FSDO/IFO trains the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE and the designee performs purely administrative functions, the training conducted by the FSDO/IFO fulfills all standardization requirements for the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation.
(2)    MCE, FPE, or MC/FPEs are not required to attend the initial or recurrent pilot examiner standardization training courses (applies only to the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation).
(3)    An MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE who also holds other pilot examiner designations must meet all pilot examiner standardization requirements in accordance with chapter 3 and chapter 7, section 1.

c.    Authorizations of an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE. An MCE and MC/FPE may issue commercial pilot certificates and ratings on the basis of military competency under the provisions of § 61.73. An FPE and MC/FPE may issue private pilot certificates on the basis of foreign-pilot licenses under the provisions of § 61.75.

(1)    The MCE and MC/FPE must review an applicant’s records and verify knowledge test report(s) for the military competence aeronautical knowledge test for persons applying for a commercial pilot certificate and ratings on the basis of military competency under the provisions of § 61.73 and as specifically authorized by the managing FSDO/IFO. The MCE and MC/FPE may issue and/or upgrade pilot certificates bearing type ratings based on military competence.
(2)    The FPE and MC/FPE must review an applicant’s records and verify knowledge test report for the foreign-pilot instrument aeronautical knowledge test and issue a temporary certificate under the provisions of § 61.75 and as specifically authorized by the managing FSDO/IFO.

d.    Limitations of the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE. The holder of an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE designation may not administer practical tests for pilot certification under his or her authority as an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE.

(1)    The MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE’s authorization is limited to the designating FSDO/IFO’s geographical area of responsibility. However, an MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE may obtain approval from the managing FSDO/IFO to accept applications at other locations.
(2)    The MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE must maintain a record of all certification functions conducted during the preceding 12 calendar-months. The record(s) will include the name of the applicant, the date, the certificate applied for, and the action taken on the application. Those records must be made available for review when requested by the managing FSDO/IFO.

125.    Issuance of a U.S. Private Pilot Certificate and Ratings Based on Foreign Pilot Licenses. The MC/FPE will comply with the guidance contained in chapter 7, section 21 regarding the issuance of a U.S. Private Pilot Certificate on the basis of a foreign-pilot license under the provisions set forth in § 61.75.

a.    Documents Required.

(1)    The FPE and MC/FPE must review an applicant’s foreign pilot license to ensure that license has been issued by a member state to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. The FPE and MC/FPE must review the applicant’s Verification of Authenticity of Foreign License letter from AFS-760 and compare it to the information on the foreign pilot license. The FPE and MC/FPE must review the applicant’s foreign pilot license and ask whether his/her foreign pilot license is under an order of revocation or suspension by the foreign country that issued the foreign pilot license. The FPE and MC/FPE should discuss with the applicant the part 61 recency of experience and flight review requirements.
(2)    The FPE and MC/FPE will review the applicant’s medical certificate to ensure the applicant holds a current medical certificate issued under part 67 or a current medical certificate issued by the country that issued the person’s foreign pilot license. The FPE and MC/FPE must discuss with the applicant the part 61 medical certification requirements.
(3)    The foreign pilot license and medical certification used as a basis for issuing a U.S. private pilot certificate must be written in English or accompanied by an English-language transcription signed by an official or representative of the foreign aviation authority that issued the foreign pilot license. An English-language transcription that has been signed by an official or representative from the applicant’s official embassy is also acceptable.
(4)    An FAA Form 8710-1 that has been completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. As a special emphasis item , the FPE and MC/FPE should ensure that the applicant completes section III on FAA Form 8710-1. Per § 61.39(a)(7), the requirement to complete section III includes foreign pilots who are applying for a private pilot certificate and ratings on the basis of § 61.75.

b.    English Language Requirement. If a foreign pilot who is applying for a U.S. pilot certificate and rating under § 61.75 cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then the pilot certification process should be terminated unless the reason is because of a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read, speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on the person’s pilot certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However, as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic facility where the flight is being conducted, and the pilot is able to receive instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other form of electronic means of communication.

c.    Ratings and Limitations.

(1)    The FPE and MC/FPE must inform the applicant who is being issued a U.S. private pilot certificate under § 61.75 that he/she is subject to the limitations and restrictions on his/her U.S. certificate and foreign pilot license when exercising the privileges of that U.S. pilot certificate in an aircraft of U.S. registry, whether operating within or outside the United States.
(2)    The FPE and MC/FPE will inform the foreign pilot that any aircraft ratings listed on the person’s foreign pilot license, in addition to any issued after the applicant accomplishes the required knowledge and practical tests under the provisions of part 61, may be placed on that foreign pilot’s U.S. pilot certificate.
(3)    The FPE and MC/FPE will inform the applicant that an aircraft and instrument rating(s) may be added to a pilot certificate issued on the basis of a foreign pilot license upon compliance with the appropriate pilot certification and rating requirements of part 61 (meaning accomplishment of the appropriate aeronautical knowledge and practical test(s)). Each rating added to the temporary airman certificate on the basis of that pilot having accomplished must have the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED” immediately following the rating to which the notation applies. The applicant is required to show his/her aeronautical experience on the submitted FAA Form 8710-1. If a person only accomplished the Instrument Foreign Pilot (IFP) aeronautical knowledge test for an instrument rating, it is not appropriate to list it as “INSTRUMENT AIRPLANE - U.S. TEST PASSED” on the pilot certificate. If a person only accomplished the IFP aeronautical knowledge test for an instrument rating, the rating would be listed on the person’s pilot certificate as “Instrument—[Airplane/Helicopter/ Powered-Lift] ,” as appropriate.
(4)    The examiner should inform the applicant that it is permissible for an additional aircraft rating to be added to a pilot certificate on the basis of the applicant having complied with the appropriate pilot certification requirements of part 61 (i.e., “U.S. Test Passed ” - completion of the required practical test and the knowledge test). Furthermore, an applicant may also apply for an additional aircraft rating to be added to his/her restricted § 61.75 U.S. pilot certificate if that applicant has subsequently received an additional aircraft rating on the foreign pilot license. As per § 61.75, no knowledge or practical test would be required in this scenario.
(5)    The FPE and MC/FPE should inform the applicant that if he/she holds an instrument rating, and that instrument rating was issued by a member state to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, the instrument rating may be added to his/her U.S. pilot certificate if his/her foreign pilot license authorizes instrument privileges and the applicant has, within the preceding 24 calendar-months, passed the IFP aeronautical knowledge test.

d.    FAA Policy on Flight Reviews, Recent Flight Experience, and Proficiency Check Requirements for Applicants Who are Issued U.S. Pilot Certificates on the Basis of § 61.75. The FPE and MC/FPE should inform the applicant who is being issued a U.S. private pilot certificate under § 61.75 that he/she is subject to the flight review, recent flight experience, and proficiency check requirements of part 61 when exercising the privileges of his/her U.S. pilot certificate. For example, a foreign pilot who is exercising his/her U.S. pilot certificate is subject to the flight review requirements of § 61.56 regardless of whether the flight is occurring inside or outside the United States. A foreign pilot who is exercising the privileges of his/her U.S. pilot certificate must have, within the preceding 24 calendar-months, accomplished a flight review and received a logbook endorsement from an FAA-authorized instructor (per § 61.183(a)) who gave the flight review certifying that the foreign pilot has satisfactorily completed a flight review.

126.    Pilot Certificates and Ratings Issued on the Basis of Military Competence by an MCE and MC/FPE. A U.S. Commercial Pilot Certificate and/or Instrument Rating may be issued to an applicant who meets the requirements of § 61.73. Aircraft category, class, type, and instrument ratings may be originally issued or added to a certificate based on military competency, if the applicant meets the appropriate requirements of § 61.73(d), (e), and (f), as appropriate.

a.    Documents Required for an Applicant to be Issued a U.S. Commercial Pilot Certificate and/or Instrument Rating. An MCE and MC/FPE must have the applicant present the evidentiary documents required by § 61.73 before being issued a U.S. commercial pilot certificate and/or instrument rating.

b.    FAA Policy on Completion of the Required Aeronautical Knowledge Test. An applicant for the original issuance of a commercial pilot certificate on the basis of military competence (per § 61.73) must satisfactorily complete the military competency aeronautical knowledge test for an airplane, powered-lift, or helicopter, as appropriate. Completion of the military competency aeronautical knowledge test is not required to add a rating on the basis of military competence to an existing U.S. pilot certificate. However, when an applicant who desires to add a powered aircraft rating (meaning either airplanes or helicopters) on the basis of military competence (per § 61.73), and the applicant already holds a U.S. pilot certificate with only a nonpowered aircraft rating (meaning either a glider or balloon rating or both), then that applicant must satisfactorily accomplish the military competence aeronautical knowledge test.

c.    Limitations to be Placed on an Airman Certificate. An MCE and MC/FPE will use the guidance in chapter 5 to determine the limitations, if any, to place on a temporary airman certificate.

d.    Applicants not Meeting the Requirements. An applicant who does not meet the requirements of § 61.73 must meet the requirements of §§ 61.65(a) (for an instrument rating) and 61.123 (for commercial pilot certification), as applicable, and take the appropriate aeronautical knowledge and practical tests.

e.    A Special Emphasis Action for MCE and MC/FPE’s Review. FAA Form 8710-1 must be completed in ink or typewritten and signed by the applicant. The MCE and MC/FPE should ensure that the applicant has completed section III of Form 8710-1 as required by § 61.39(a)(7). This requirement includes military pilots who are applying for airman certificates and ratings on the basis of § 61.73.

127.    Compliance with Other Provisions. In addition to complying with the guidance in this chapter, an MCE, FPE, and MC/FPE will comply with the applicable provisions and procedures contained in chapter 7, sections 1 through 16, as appropriate to the pilot certification functions being conducted.

128.    Designation of an FIRE.

a.    FAA ASIs (Operations). The FAA recognizes the expertise that former FAA ASIs (Operations) possess relating to airmen certification procedures and policies. The FAA wishes to continue to use the expertise of these former FAA ASIs (Operations) where the FAA has a need an where a former FAA ASI voluntarily applies for an FIRE position. The offering of an FIRE position to only former FAA ASI (Operations) does not establish a precedent. This policy has been previously authorized to former FAA ASIs (Operations) for positions as MCEs and foreign-pilot examiners.

b.    FIRE Position. When selecting a former FAA ASI (Operations) for an FIRE position, the following criteria must be met:

(1)    The selecting FSDO/IFO must have a need for an FIRE position, and the person selected must have voluntarily applied for the position.
(2)    The FIRE applicant must show evidence of having been employed as an ASI (Operations) with the FAA in an FSDO or IFO.
(3)    The FIRE applicant must show evidence of having satisfactorily completed the FAA’s General Aviation Operations Indoctrination Course.
(4)    The managing FSDO/IFO is responsible for providing the initial training to their assigned FIRE candidates on their duties and responsibilities. Each FIRE candidate must attend recurrent examiner standardization training conducted by the managing FSDO/IFO or by the Designee Standardization Branch (AFS-640). The FIRE applicant need not attend the FAA’s Initial Pilot Examiner Standardization Seminar.
(5)    After selection, the managing FSDO/IFO will issue the person an FAA Form 8000-5, Certificate of Designation, and a COA letter. The description of the authority on the COA letter and Form 8000-5 will be stated as Flight Instructor Renewal Examiner. The COA letter will state:

“Authority is limited to renewing a holder of a current flight instructor certificate in accordance with the flight instructor renewal provisions set forth in § 61.197(a)(2)(i) and (iii).”

c.    FIRE’s Authority. By establishing FIRE positions, the FAA will be extending authority to those selected to renew holders of current flight instructor certificates on three flight instructor renewal procedures, provided that the renewal only involves an administrative process and no practical test is involved. An FIRE’s authority will be to renew the holder of a current flight instructor certificate in accordance with the flight instructor renewal provisions set forth in § 61.197(a)(2)(i) and (iii).

129.    Designation of a GIE. The FAA may designate a former FAA ASI (Operations) or DPE (current or former) to serve as a GIE for the purpose of issuing a ground instructor certificate that bears the basic, advanced, or instrument rating to ground instructor applicants who qualify, in accordance with §§ 61.213 and 61.215.

a.    Designation as a GIE. When deemed appropriate, an FSDO/IFO may add the GIE designation to a current DPE’s designation, give GIE designation to a former FAA ASI (Operations), or give GIE designation to a former DPE in accordance with the following criteria:

(1)    The jurisdictional FSDO/IFO will train the GIE and record the training given.
(2)    The FSDO/IFO will review and check all airman certification files submitted by the GIE for accuracy before the files are forwarded to AFS-760.
(3)    The FSDO/IFO will inspect the GIE in accordance with the guidelines established for DPEs.
(4)    The jurisdictional FSDO/IFO must notify its RFSD when appointing a GIE, so the regional office can notify AFS-760 which is the responsible FAA office for maintaining the current listing of examiners.
(5)    The RFSD that has jurisdiction over the FSDO/IFO that maintains GIE designations will ensure that a current list of DPEs holding this special authorization is on file with AFS-760.
(6)    The applicant for a GIE designation is not required to hold a medical certificate.

b.    Initial/Recurrent Standardization Training for a GIE Designation.

(1)    Because the managing FSDO/IFO trains a GIE and the designee performs purely administrative functions, the training conducted by the FSDO/IFO fulfills all standardization requirements for the GIE designation.
(2)    GIEs are not required to attend the initial or recurrent pilot examiner standardization training courses.

c.    Authorizations of a GIE. A GIE may issue a ground instructor certificate that bears the basic, advanced, or instrument rating to qualified ground instructor applicants, as specifically authorized (per §§ 61.213 and 61.215).

d.    Limitations of a GIE. The holder of a GIE designation may not administer practical tests for pilot certification under his or her authority as a GIE.

(1)    The GIE’s authorization is limited to the designating FSDO/IFO’s geographical area of responsibility. However, a GIE may obtain approval from the managing FSDO/IFO to accept applications at other locations.
(2)    The GIE must maintain a record of all certification functions conducted during the preceding 12 calendar-months. The record(s) will include the name of the applicant, the date, the certificate applied for, and the action taken on the application. Those records must be made available for review when requested by the managing FSDO/IFO.
                                              (3)    Using the procedures in chapter 5, the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE is required to verify and review the applicant’s identification, application, airman records, aeronautical knowledge test score(s), and issue temporary certificates, as authorized by the MCE, FPE, or MC/FPE’s COA.

Section 21. Accomplish Issuance of a U.S. Pilot Certificate Based on a Foreign-Pilot License

130.    General Information.

a.    General Process. Section 61.75 allows a person to be issued a U.S. pilot certificate with private pilot privileges based on a foreign-pilot license that is at least equivalent to the U.S. private pilot certificate. The foreign-pilot license must have been issued by a foreign civil aviation authority (CAA) that is a member state to the ICAO and must be valid. The holder of a valid foreign-pilot license issued by an ICAO member state may use that foreign-pilot license as the basis for issuance of a U.S. pilot certificate even if the issuing country is now defunct (e.g., the Russian Federation). A list of ICAO member states may be found in the current edition of FAA Order 8900.1. Because of changes in world politics, situations, and previously established country boundaries, a country may be an ICAO member but not included on the list provided in the current edition of Order 8900.1. The most current listing of ICAO member states may be found at: http://www.icao.int/icao/en/members.htm. If there is a question about a country’s membership in ICAO, you may contact AFS-810 at (202) 267-8196 for clarification.

b.    Applicability. This section applies to the issuance of U.S. pilot certificates and ratings to persons who apply based on their foreign-pilot licenses under the following rules within part 61:

(1)    Under § 61.29, for persons who request replacement of a certificate issued based on a foreign-pilot license under § 61.75.
(2)    Under § 61.39(c)(1), for persons who hold a foreign-pilot license issued by an ICAO member state, that authorizes at least the pilot privileges of the U.S. pilot certificate sought, and who apply for an equivalent U.S. pilot certificate.
(3)    Under § 61.65, for persons who apply for an instrument rating on a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”
(4)    Under § 61.75, for persons who apply for a § 61.75 private pilot certificate on the basis of holding a foreign-pilot license at least equivalent to the U.S. private pilot certificate issued by an ICAO member state.
(5)    Under § 61.75(c), for persons who apply for the addition of an aircraft rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”
(6)    Under § 61.75(d), for persons who apply for an instrument rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate by accomplishing the IFP knowledge test.
(7)    Under § 61.123(h), for persons who apply for an unrestricted U.S. commercial pilot certificate on the basis of holding a § 61.75 pilot certificate.
(8)    Under § 61.153(d)(3), for persons who hold either a foreign airline transport pilot license with the appropriate aircraft rating or a foreign commercial pilot license (CPL) and an instrument rating with the appropriate aircraft rating (without limitations) who apply for a U.S. ATPC.

c.    English Language Requirements. Early in the process of issuing a private pilot certificate based on a foreign-pilot license, an examiner must determine whether the applicant can read, speak, write, and understand the English language. The current edition of AC 60-28 explains how to determine English language abilities required for pilot certification in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d.

(1)    If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, then an examiner may not issue the U.S. pilot certificate unless the reason is due to a medical disability. If the reason is due to a medical disability, the applicant must be referred to the jurisdictional FSDO, because only the jurisdictional FSDO may issue a pilot certificate with a medical operating limitation.
(2)    If the reason for the applicant’s not being able to read, speak, write, or understand English is due to a medical disability (meaning a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by a certified medical physician), only the jurisdictional FSDO may place an operating limitation on the pilot certificate. The operating limitation will require that the person be accompanied by another pilot who is qualified to serve as a PIC for the appropriate aircraft category, class, type (if class and type of aircraft is applicable), and operating privilege.
(3)    If a person is found not eligible for the U.S. pilot certificate because the person is unable to read, speak, write, or understand English in accordance with chapter 7, section 2, paragraph 7d, for other than medical disability reasons, issue FAA Form 8060-5. If the reason the person is unable to read, speak, write, or understand English is because of medical disability reasons, then refer the applicant to FSDO for further evaluation. Only an ASI or AST may place an operating limitation on the pilot certificate that is due to a medical disability.

Note:  FAA Form 8060-5 needs to be issued so the failure will be recorded and on file with AFS-760. Properly recording the failure is needed when and if the person reapplies for the U.S. pilot certificate (e.g., at another FAA FSDO or with FAA representatives who are located in a U.S. Embassy overseas).

d.    Obtaining a U.S. Pilot Certificate. A person may apply for a U.S. pilot certificate and associated ratings based on their foreign-pilot license by one of the following methods:

(1)    Under § 61.39(c)(1). Section 61.39(c)(1) permits a person who holds a foreign-pilot license issued by an ICAO member state which authorizes at least the pilot privileges of the U.S. pilot certificate sought to apply for an equivalent U.S. pilot certificate by accomplishing the required aeronautical experience and passing the appropriate knowledge test and practical test.
(2)    Under § 61.75. Section 61.75 permits a person who holds a foreign-pilot license at least equivalent to the U.S. private pilot certificate issued by an ICAO member state to apply for a private pilot certificate by complying with the application and certification procedures contained in this chapter. A person may be issued a § 61.75 private pilot certificate based on a foreign-pilot license as follows:
(a)    With no instrument privileges for which neither a knowledge nor a practical test is required.
(b)    With instrument privileges, provided the applicant has passed the IFP knowledge test and the applicant’s foreign pilot license has the equivalent instrument [Aircraft] rating. The IFP knowledge test focuses on part 91 subpart B areas of knowledge which relate to IFR operational procedures that tests the applicant’s knowledge on operating safely in the National Airspace System (NAS). The Instrument Rating Airplane (IRA) and Instrument Rating Helicopter (IRH) knowledge tests are not acceptable in lieu of the IFP knowledge test.
(c)    With an instrument airplane U.S. test passed rating for which the person meets the experience requirements, takes the standard instrument knowledge and practical tests for the appropriate instrument aircraft rating.
(3)    Without Using Foreign-Pilot License. A person may obtain a U.S. pilot certificate without relying on his or her foreign-pilot license by accomplishing the required training, instructor endorsements, aeronautical experience, and passing the appropriate knowledge test and practical test as required by the pilot certification requirements contained in part 61. However, if a person holds a standard U.S. pilot certificate (other than a student pilot certificate or recreational pilot certificate), that person may not apply for a U.S. pilot certificate based on his/her foreign pilot license (see § 61.75(b)(3)).

Note:  A person who applies for a U.S. pilot certificate by accomplishing the appropriate pilot certification requirements of part 61 and also holds a pilot certificate issued under § 61.75 does not need to surrender that § 61.75 U.S. pilot certificate. There have been isolated incidences where examiners have mistakenly required a person to surrender their § 61.75 pilot certificate when applying for a standard U.S. pilot certificate. In this instance, it is permissible for a person to hold both a pilot certificate issued under § 61.75 U.S. pilot certificate and a standard U.S. pilot certificate.

(4)    A Commercial Pilot Certificate. A person who holds a commercial pilot certificate that was issued under § 61.75 before August 4, 1997, may continue to hold that pilot certificate; however, any additional ratings applied for on or after August 4, 1997, will be issued at the private pilot certification level only.
(5)    Under § 61.75(c). Persons may apply for an additional aircraft rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”
(6)    Under § 61.75(d). Persons may apply for an instrument rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate by accomplishing the IFP knowledge test.
(7)    Under § 61.65. Persons may apply for an instrument rating on a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”
(8)    Under § 61.123(h). Persons may apply for an unrestricted commercial pilot certificate based on a § 61.75 pilot certificate.
(9)    Under § 61.153(d)(3). Section 61.153(d)(3) permits a person who holds either a foreign airline transport pilot license with the appropriate aircraft rating or a foreign CPL and instrument rating with the appropriate aircraft rating (without limitations) issued by an ICAO member state to apply for a U.S. ATPC with the appropriate aircraft rating by accomplishing the required aeronautical experience, and passing the appropriate knowledge test and practical test.
(10)    Under § 61.73(b)(3)(ii). In accordance with § 61.73(b)(3)(ii), “a rated military pilot of an armed force of a foreign contracting State to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, assigned to pilot duties (other than flight training) with an armed force of the United States and holds, at the time of application, a current civil pilot license issued by that contracting State authorizing at least the privileges of the pilot certificate sought,” may apply for:

·    A commercial pilot certificate;

·    An aircraft rating in the category and class of aircraft for which that foreign military pilot is qualified;

·    An instrument rating with the appropriate aircraft rating for which that foreign military pilot is qualified; or

·    A type rating, if appropriate.

e.    Pilot Certificate Requirements.

(1)    Section 61.3(b). Section 61.3(b) permits foreign-registered aircraft to be operated within the United States by a pilot holding a valid foreign-pilot license issued by the foreign country where the aircraft is registered.
(2)    Section 61.3(a). Section 61.3(a) permits a U.S.-registered civil aircraft to be operated within a foreign country by a pilot holding a foreign-pilot license and with the appropriate aircraft rating issued by that foreign country. Or, a person who holds a U.S. pilot certificate with the appropriate aircraft rating may also operate a U.S.-registered civil aircraft in an ICAO member state. However, persons who operate a U.S.-registered civil aircraft in an ICAO member state country must be aware that some countries may have additional operational and pilot certification requirements. Each pilot must inquire with the foreign and practical tests for the appropriate instrument aircraft rating.
(3)    Without Using Foreign-Pilot License. A person may obtain a U.S. pilot certificate without relying on his or her foreign-pilot license by accomplishing the required training, instructor endorsements, aeronautical experience, and passing the appropriate knowledge test and practical test as required by the pilot certification requirements contained in part 61. However, if a person holds a standard U.S. pilot certificate (other than a student pilot certificate or recreational pilot certificate), that person may not apply for a U.S. pilot certificate based on his/her foreign pilot license (see § 61.75(b)(3)).

Note:  A person who applies for a U.S. pilot certificate by accomplishing the appropriate pilot certification requirements of part 61 and also holds a pilot certificate issued under § 61.75 does not need to surrender that § 61.75 U.S. pilot certificate. There have been isolated incidences where examiners have mistakenly required a person to surrender their § 61.75 pilot certificate when applying for a standard U.S. pilot certificate. In this instance, it is permissible for a person to hold both a pilot certificate issued under § 61.75 U.S. pilot certificate and a standard U.S. pilot certificate.

(4)    A Commercial Pilot Certificate. A person who holds a commercial pilot certificate that was issued under § 61.75 before August 4, 1997, may continue to hold that pilot certificate; however, any additional ratings applied for on or after August 4, 1997, will be issued at the private pilot certification level only.
(5)    Under § 61.75(c). Persons may apply for an additional aircraft rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.
(6)    Under § 61.75(d). Persons may apply for an instrument rating to a § 61.75 pilot certificate by accomplishing the IFP knowledge test.
(7)    Under § 61.65. Persons may apply for an instrument rating on a § 61.75 pilot certificate with the notation “U.S. TEST PASSED.”
(8)    Under § 61.123(h). Persons may apply for an unrestricted commercial pilot certificate based on a § 61.75 pilot certificate.
(9)    Under § 61.153(d)(3). Section