ORDER                                      
                                                                               
      Order No.:  7110.79D                                                     
                                                                               
           Date:  11/15/2001                                                   
                                                                               
      Initiated                                                                
             By:  ATP-104                                                      
                                                                               
        Subject:  Charted Visual Flight Procedures                             
                                                                               
      1.  PURPOSE.  This order establishes criteria for developing             
      charted visual flight procedures (CVFP) when required for                
      environmental/noise considerations and/or, when necessary, for           
      the safety and efficiency of air traffic operations.                     
                                                                               
      2.  DISTRIBUTION.  This order is distributed to the division             
      level of the Air Traffic and Flight Standards Services in                
      Washington headquarters; Office of Airport Safety and Standards;         
      Office of Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance Systems;          
      division level of the regional Air Traffic and Flight Standards          
      Services, National Flight Procedures Office (NFPO); the                  
      Regulatory Standards and Compliance Division at the Mike Monroney        
      Aeronautical Center; all air traffic control (ATC) facilities;           
      and special military and public addresses.                               
                                                                               
      3.  CANCELLATION.  Order 7110.79C, Charted Visual Flight                 
      Procedures, dated January 29, 1985, is cancelled.                        
                                                                               
      4.  ACTION.  When local airport management has identified noise          
      sensitive areas resulting from aircraft operations, or that              
      safety and efficiency may need to be improved, and the ATC               
      facility manager determines that a CVFP would mitigate aircraft          
      noise or improve safety and efficiency, action may be initiated          
      in accordance with Paragraph 8, Program.  The regional Air               
      Traffic Division (ATD) shall review proposed and existing CVFPs          
      to ensure compatibility with paragraph 8 and Paragraph 9,                
      Criteria.                                                                
                                                                               
      5.  BACKGROUND.                                                          
                                                                               
          a.  The Aviation Noise Abatement Policy and Order 1050.11,           
      Noise Control Plans, place primary responsibility on the airport         
      proprietor for planning and implementing action designed to              
      reduce the affect of noise on residents of the surrounding area.         
      Under this authority, airport proprietors may propose arrival            
      noise abatement flight tracks which may be adopted by the Federal        
      Aviation Administration (FAA) if they are safe and consistent            
      with efficient airspace management.                                      
                                                                               
          b.  Visual approaches have been in use for many years.  They         
      are an operational technique designed to safely and expeditiously        
      move air traffic.  In addition to conventional visual approach           
      procedures, it has been necessary to specify routes/altitudes to         
      enhance noise abatement or improve safety and efficiency at some         
      locations.  CVFPs have been developed to provide a pictorial             
      display of these visual arrival routes.                                  
                                                                               
      6.  EXPLANATION OF CHANGES.  This order incorporates the                 
      application of waypoints to assist in the identification of              
      landmarks, and includes more explicit instructions for processing        
      requests.  The purpose of this order is expanded to include              
      safety and efficiency as a reason to develop a CVFP, and to align        
      its purpose with the Aeronautical Information Manual.                    
                                                                               
      7.  RELATED PUBLICATIONS:                                                
                                                                               
          a.  Order 1050.1, Policies and Procedures for Considering            
      Environmental Impacts.                                                   
                                                                               
          b.  Order 1050.11, Noise Control Plans.                              
                                                                               
          c.  Order 7110.65, Air Traffic Control.                              
                                                                               
          d.  Order 8260.19, Flight Procedures and Airspace.                   
                                                                               
          e.  Aeronautical Information Manual.                                 
                                                                               
          f.  FAA Annex to IACC-4, United States Government                    
      Specifications for Charted Visual Flight Procedure Charts, First         
      Edition.                                                                 
                                                                               
      8.  PROGRAM.  CVFPs will be jointly developed by FAA management          
      and the National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA) at          
      the local level in accordance with the following:                        
                                                                               
          a.  Determine that the number of aircraft operations and             
      complexity of the visual arrival routes require the use of a             
      CVFP, and that this would not cause an operational hardship to           
      the ATC facility or users of the ATC system.  The ATC facility           
      shall include the NATCA in the development process.                      
                                                                               
          b.  Design procedures to minimize fuel use and flight time.          
                                                                               
          c.  Ensure that the visual arrival route and altitudes are in        
      accordance with local flow traffic management and are compatible         
      with ATC operational requirements.                                       
                                                                               
          d.  Coordinate proposed procedures with the responsible              
      Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) to ensure that new or            
      revised procedures are compatible with aircraft flight                   
      characteristics.                                                         
                                                                               
      9.  CRITERIA.  Comply with the following criteria to ensure              
      safety is not compromised:                                               
                                                                               
          a.  Radar control required.                                          
                                                                               
          b.  Operating airport traffic control tower required at              
      airport served by a CVFP.                                                
                                                                               
          c.  CVFPs shall be contained within controlled airspace.             
                                                                               
          d.  CVFPs shall be developed to a specific runway.  A runway         
      to which a CVFP is published shall be equipped with a visual or          
      electronic vertical guidance system.                                     
                                                                               
          e.  CVFPs shall originate at or near, and be designed around,        
      prominent visual landmarks.  When a determination is made that a         
      landmark cannot be readily identified at night, the procedure            
      shall be annotated "Procedure Not Authorized at Night."                  
                                                                               
      Note -                                                                   
      Waypoints or navigational aids (NAVAID) may be used to aid in            
      identifying landmarks.  The use of waypoints or NAVAIDs alone            
      does not supercede the requirement for visual identification.            
                                                                               
          f.  CVFPs usually begin within 20 flying miles from the              
      airport.                                                                 
                                                                               
          g.  Use electronic NAVAIDs as supplementary information only.        
                                                                               
          h.  For radial/distance measuring equipment fixes, limit use         
      to one NAVAID, excluding the NAVAID used for final approach              
      vertical guidance.                                                       
                                                                               
          i.  For waypoints on CVFPs, use fly-by waypoints to aid in           
      the identification of prominent visual landmarks only.  Waypoints        
      will be charted using the landmark name(s) and a five-letter             
      identifier(s).  Five-letter identifiers are for database use             
      only, the actual landmark name is to be used in pilot/controller         
      communications.                                                          
                                                                               
          j.  Course information between landmarks along the proposed          
      flight path may be provided for general orientation.                     
                                                                               
          k.  When altitudes are deemed necessary, recommended                 
      altitudes may be established to indicate the noise abatement             
      profile; minimum altitudes may be established to contain an              
      aircraft above the floor of Class B airspace.  Chart the minimum         
      number of altitudes required to accomplish the procedure.                
      Altitudes shall not be established for air traffic separation.           
                                                                               
          l.  Establish weather minimums for the procedure as follows:         
                                                                               
                (1)  Ceiling of at least 500 feet above the minimum            
      vectoring altitude.                                                      
                                                                               
                (2)  Visibility of at least 3 miles.                           
                (3)  Greater ceiling/visibility values may be required         
      if determined necessary for the safe completion of a CVFP.               
                (4)  Published ceiling and visibility values must be           
      reported at the airport for authorized use of the procedure.             
                                                                               
          m.  Missed approach procedures will not be published.                
                                                                               
          n.  CVFPs shall be named by the use of a primary landmark,           
      such as, "River Visual Runway 18," "Stadium Visual Runway 25,"           
      etc.                                                                     
                                                                               
      10.  GUIDELINES.                                                         
                                                                               
           a.  All new and revised CVFPs require a preliminary                 
      environmental review to indicate whether a potential exists to           
      affect the human environment.  Changes in ATC procedures which           
      routinely route air traffic over noise sensitive areas at less           
      than 3,000 feet above ground level (AGL) require an environmental        
      assessment/finding of no significant impact or environmental             
      impact statement/record of decision, as defined in Order 1050.1,         
      Policies and Procedures for Considering Environmental Impacts.           
      Changes in preferential arrival routes between 3,000 to 7,000            
      feet AGL which routinely route traffic over noise sensitive areas        
      require that a noise screening be performed to determine the need        
      for further environmental consideration.  The Air Traffic Noise          
      Screening (ATNS) Model should be used for this purpose (see ATNS         
      Version 2.0 User Manual, FAA-AEE-99-01, dated January 1999).             
      Close coordination is required with the local airport authorities        
      and the regional air traffic environmental specialist to ensure          
      compliance with applicable environmental policies.                       
                                                                               
           b.  Chart format and symbology shall be in accordance with          
      the criteria established by the Aeronautical Information                 
      Division, ATA-100, consistent with applicable charting policies          
      (reference:  FAA Annex to IACC-4).                                       
                                                                               
           c.  Training for air traffic control personnel necessary for        
      new and revised CVFPs may be jointly developed between the FAA           
      and NATCA at the local level.                                            
                                                                               
           d.  Regions shall ensure that procedures are contained              
      within controlled airspace, including Class B airspace, as               
      appropriate.                                                             
                                                                               
           e.  Facility managers shall document new and revised CVFPs          
      for each charted visual flight on a separate Form 7110-8, Charted        
      Visual Flight Procedures.  (See appendix 1.)  When establishing          
      waypoints, coordinate with the serving air route traffic control         
      center to obtain the five-letter names, complete Form 8260-2,            
      Radio Fix and Holding Data Record, in accordance with Order              
      8260.19, Flight Procedures and Airspace, for each waypoint being         
      established.  Prepare a visual flight rules (VFR) sectional              
      chart(s) depicting the CVFP.  Forward the original package               
      including completed Form 7110-8, Form(s) 8260-2, VFR Sectional           
      Chart(s), and an environmental checklist to the regional ATD.            
      Add VFR sectional chart drawing.                                         
           f.  The ATD shall review each new or revised CVFP procedure         
      to ensure accuracy and compliance with the provisions of this            
      order.  After approval of the procedure by the ATD and the               
      Regional Airspace Procedures Team, the region shall forward the          
      original signed procedure, two copies of Form 7110-8, applicable         
      Form(s) 8260-2, an environmental checklist, and any other                
      appropriate documents to the Flight Procedures Office (FPO).             
           g.  The FPO shall review the procedure package for                  
      completeness, review the CVFP for criteria compliance, and               
      transmit the CVFP package to the NFPO.  The NFPO will forward the        
      CVFP to Flight Inspection Central Operations (FICO) for                  
      coordination of flight inspection.  After completion of flight           
      inspection, NFPO will forward documentation of the satisfactory          
      flight inspection and completed Forms 7100-4, STAR - Standard            
      Terminal Arrival, and 8260-2 to the National Flight Data Center,         
      with a copy to the ATD, for processing.                                  
                                                                               
           h.  The FICO will determine the flyability of the CVFP.             
                                                                               
           i.  Form 7110-8 will be stocked at the depot.  Copies may be        
      ordered through normal supply channels (NSN:  0052-00-890-               
      3000:U/I:SH).                                                            
                                                                               
      /s/ Michael A. Cirillo                                                   
          Program Director                                                     
            for Air Traffic Planning and Procedures                            
                                                                               
                                                                               
          APPENDIX 1.  INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION OF FORM 7110-8,             
                      CHARTED VISUAL FLIGHT PROCEDURES                         
                                                                               
      Section        Description                                               
                                                                               
      CVFP Name      The name should be in accordance with subparagraph        
                     9n of Order 7110.79D.  It should be short,                
                     concise, and contain the runway number.                   
                                                                               
      Airport Name   Should be the same as on the instrument approach          
                     procedure charts.                                         
                                                                               
      City and       Should be the same as on instrument approach              
      State          procedure charts.                                         
                                                                               
      From           These are the landmarks used to describe the              
                     routing on the chart.  If the flight path will be         
                     near, but not over a landmark, state the direction        
                     and distance the landmark should be from the              
                     intended point on the route of flight; e.g., "1           
                     mile north of stadium" or "2 miles east of                
                     bridge."                                                  
                                                                               
      To             Same as the "From" landmarks.  Each segment of the        
                     landmarks listed as "To" should also be listed as         
                     "From" on the next segment; e.g.,                         
                                                                               
                          From:  1 mile east of    To:  golf course            
                                 stadium                                       
                                                                               
                          From:  golf course       To:  race track             
                                                                               
                     This allows for insertion of a change in course or        
                     altitude between landmarks.                               
                                                                               
      Course         This is optional but may be helpful to the pilot,         
                     and is sometimes instrumental in achieving the            
                     desired ground track.  The course can be described        
                     as a magnetic heading or a geographical course;           
                     e.g., "110 degrees," "middle of river," or                
                     "parallel the coast line 1 mile to the east."             
                                                                               
      Altitude       All altitudes entered in this block will be               
                     published as recommended altitudes unless                 
                     annotated otherwise.  As stated in Order 7110.79D,        
                     the only minimum altitudes that may be published          
                     are those designed to contain an aircraft in Class        
                     B airspace.  Annotate these altitudes by placing a        
                     "for Class B" in parentheses to the right of the          
                     altitude; e.g., "3,000 (for Class B)."                    
                                                                               
      Weather        Insert ceiling and visibility, established under          
      minimum        guidance of subparagraph 91 of Order 7110.79D.            
                                                                               
      Notes          This block is for listing notes to be published on        
                     the chart.  Notes should be kept to a minimum and         
                     should not be used to describe the route.  All            
                     charts are required to include the language "radar        
                     required."  Other notes may include wording such          
                     as, "procedure not authorized at night" or                
                     "simultaneous visual approaches may be in use to          
                     Runway 18."                                               
                                                                               
      Supplementary  (Note:  The blocks are separated on the form, but         
      NAVAID         are intended to be one.)  This block is for               
      Information    listing navigational aids (NAVAID), and                   
      and Additional geographical references (other than those already         
      Landmarks      listed in the "From" or "To" blocks that may              
      Chart          assist the pilots.  Also this is where to annotate        
                     the one NAVAID to be used for supplemental                
                     navigation information.  (See subparagraph 9g of          
                     Order 7110.79D.)  When waypoints are used to aid          
                     in identification of a landmark, list the                 
                     geographical name and associated waypoint                 
                     five-letter name.                                         
                                                                               
      Vertical       List the NAVAID that provides vertical guidance           
      Guidance       and angle; e.g., "Instrument Landing System glide         
                     slope 3.00 degrees" or "visual approach slope             
                     indicator 3.00 degrees".                                  
                                                                               
      Description    This will not be printed on the chart.  The sole          
      of Route       purpose of this information is to assist the              
                     cartographer in drawing the chart.  All                   
                     information in the description must be consistent         
                     with the other data presented on the form.                
                                                                               
      Amdt. No.      List the amendment number unless the name of the          
      or Orig.       procedure changes.  If the procedure has a new            
                     name, it is an original.                                  
                                                                               
      Effective      Coordinate with the National Flight Data Center           
      Date           for a specific date.  If no specific date is              
                     needed, insert "routine" in the block.                    
                                                                               
      Supercedes     List the procedure that is being cancelled or             
                     amended.                                                  
                                                                               
      Amdt. No.      List the amendment number of the chart that is            
                     being superceded.                                         
                                                                               
      Dated          Annotate the date of the chart that is being              
                     superceded.                                               
                                                                               
      Graphic        The purpose of the block is to assist the                 
      Depiction      cartographer.  It should contain all the data             
                     listed on the front side of the form under the            
                     "Visual Arrival Route" section.  Do not include           
                     any additional data in this drawing.  The graphic         
                     with only the data listed will assist to ensure           
                     that all necessary information as be provided.            
                     This drawing will be published as is in the               
                     National Flight Data Digest and should as neat as         
                     practical.                                                
                                                                               
      Communications This will normally be the same as listed for an           
                     instrument approach procedure.                            
                                                                               
        _____________________________________________________________          
       ]  Charted Visual Flight Procedures  ] Bearings, courses, and ]         
       ]  (CVFP)                            ] radials are magnetic.  ]         
       ]                                    ] Elevations and         ]         
       ]                                    ] altitudes are in feet  ]         
       ]  US Department of Transportation   ] MSL.  Altitudes are    ]         
       ]  Federal Aviation Administration   ] recommended unless     ]         
       ]                                    ] otherwise indicated.   ]         
       ]                                    ] Ceilings are in feet   ]         
       ]                                    ] above airport          ]         
       ]                                    ] elevation.  Distances  ]         
       ]                                    ] are in nautical miles  ]         
       ]                                    ] except visibilities    ]         
       ]                                    ] which are in statute   ]         
       ]                                    ] miles.                 ]         
       ]____________________________________]________________________]         
       ] CVFP Name          ] Airport Name       ] City and State    ]         
       ]                    ]                    ]                   ]         
       ] POINT LOOKOUT      ] Anytown Municipal  ] Anytown, FL       ]         
       ] VISUAL RWY 09      ] Airport            ]                   ]         
       ]____________________]____________________]___________________]         
       ]                     VISUAL ARRIVAL ROUTE                    ]         
       ]_____________________________________________________________]         
       ] FROM (Visual) ] TO (visual) ] COURSE (if ] ALTITUDE (if     ]         
       ] landmarks     ] landmarks)  ] desired)   ] needed)  Show if ]         
       ]               ]             ]            ] for Class B      ]         
       ]_______________]_____________]____________]__________________]         
       ] From SOUTH:   ]             ]            ]                  ]         
       ] Ocean Island  ] Point       ] Direct to  ] At or above 2000 ]         
       ]               ] Lookout     ] Point      ] until over water ]         
       ]               ]             ] Lookout    ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ]            ]                  ]         
       ] From EAST:    ] Point       ] XYZ VOR    ] At or above 2000 ]         
       ] Direct to     ] Lookout     ] 270R       ] until over water ]         
       ] Point Lookout ]             ]            ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ]            ]                  ]         
       ] Point Lookout ] Sea Cove    ] Remain     ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ] offshore   ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ] and turn   ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ] final over ]                  ]         
       ]               ]             ] Sea Cove   ]                  ]         
       ]_______________]_____________]____________]__________________]         
       ] Weather Minima:  Ceiling    ] Supplementary Navaid/Waypoint ]         
       ] 3500 Visibility 5           ] Information and Additional    ]         
       ]                             ] Landmarks Chart:              ]         
       ]                             ]                               ]         
       ] Notes:  Radar Required.     ] Lighthouse                    ]         
       ] Procedure not authorized    ] PATTY LOM                     ]         
       ]   at night.                 ] XYZ VOR                       ]         
       ]                             ] Ocean Island Waypoint - JONNY ]         
       ]                             ] Point Lookout Waypoint -      ]         
       ]                             ]   SUSIE                       ]         
       ]                             ] Sea Cove Waypoint - TOMMY     ]         
       ]_____________________________]_______________________________]         
       ] Vertical Guidance Navaid and Angle  LOC I-ANY               ]         
       ] (G.S. 3.0 degrees)                                          ]         
       ]_____________________________________________________________]         
       ] Description of route (will not be printed on chart)         ]         
       ]                                                             ]         
       ] From South or East proceed direct to Pt. Lookout (SUSIE)    ]         
       ] then remain offshore and turn final over Sea Cove (TOMMY).  ]         
       ]                                                             ]         
       ]                                                             ]         
       ]_____________________________________________________________]         
       ] Amdt. No. ] Effective ] Supercedes  ] Amdt. No.  ] Dated    ]         
       ] or Orig.  ] Date      ]             ]            ]          ]         
       ]           ]           ]             ]            ]          ]         
       ] Orig      ] Jan 01,   ]             ]            ] Apr 01,  ]         
       ]           ] 2002      ]             ]            ] 2001     ]         
       ]___________]___________]_____________]____________]__________]         
        FAA Form 7110-8 (8-96) Supercedes Previous Edition                     
                                 NSN:  0052-00-890-3001                        
                                                                               
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                                  FIGURE 1.                                    
                         POINT LOOKOUT VISUAL RWY 09                           
                            FIGURE NOT INCLUDEDa                              
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