CHAPTER 419 -- TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL                       
      Sec.                                                                     
      41901.  General authority.                                               
      41902.  Schedules for certain transportation of mail.                    
      41903.  Duty to provide certain transportation of mail.                  
      41904.  Noncitizens transporting mail to or in foreign countries.        
      41905.  Regulating air carrier transportation of foreign mail.           
      41906.  Emergency mail transportation.                                   
      41907.  Prices for foreign transportation of mail.                       
      41908.  Prices for transporting mail of foreign countries.               
      41909.  Duty to oppose unreasonable prices under the Universal           
              Postal Union Convention.                                         
      41910.  Weighing mail.                                                   
      41911.  Evidence of providing mail service.                              
      41912.  Effect on foreign postal arrangements.                           
                                                                               
      Sec. 41901. General authority                                            
            (a) Title 39. -- The United States Postal Service may              
      provide for the transportation of mail by aircraft in interstate         
      air transportation under section 5402(d) and (f) of title 39.            
            (b) Authority To Prescribe Prices. -- Except as provided in        
      section 5402 of title 39, on the initiative of the Secretary of          
      Transportation or on petition by the Postal Service or an air            
      carrier, the Secretary shall prescribe and publish --                    
                (1) after notice and an opportunity for a hearing on           
            the record, reasonable prices to be paid by the Postal             
            Service for the transportation of mail by aircraft in              
            foreign air transportation or between places in                    
            Alaska, the facilities used in and useful for the                  
            transportation of mail, and the services related to the            
            transportation of mail for each carrier holding a                  
            certificate that authorizes that transportation;                   
                (2) the methods used, whether by aircraft-mile,                
            pound-mile, weight, space, or a combination of those or            
            other methods, to determine the prices for each air carrier        
            or class of air carriers; and                                      
                (3) the effective date of the prices.                          
            (c) Other Transportation. -- In prescribing prices under           
      subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary may include                
      transportation other than by aircraft that is incidental to              
      transportation of mail by aircraft or necessary because                  
      of emergency conditions related to aircraft operations.                  
            (d) Authority To Prescribe Different Prices. -- Considering        
      conditions peculiar to transportation by aircraft and to                 
      particular air carriers or classes of air carriers, the Secretary        
      may prescribe different prices under this section for different          
      air carriers or classes of air carriers and for different classes        
      of service.  In prescribing a price for a carrier under this             
      section, the Secretary shall consider, among other factors, the          
      following:                                                               
                (1) the condition that the carrier may hold and operate        
            under a certificate authorizing the transportation of mail         
            only by providing necessary and adequate facilities and            
            service for the transportation of mail.                            
                (2) standards related to the character and quality of          
            service to be provided that are prescribed by or under law.        
            (e) Authority to Submit a Petition                                 
      On Prices. -- A petition for prescribing a reasonable price              
      under this section must include a statement of the price the             
      petitioner believes is reasonable.                                       
            (f) Statements on Required Services. -- The Postal Service         
      shall introduce as part of the record in every proceeding under          
      this section a comprehensive statement of the services to be             
      required of the air carrier and other information the Postal             
      Service has that the Secretary considers material to the                 
      proceeding.                                                              
            (g) Expiration Date. -- The authority of the Secretary             
      under this part and section 5402 of title 39 providing for the           
      transportation of mail by aircraft between places in Alaska              
      expires on the date specified in section 5402(f) of title 39.            
                                                                               
      Sec. 41902. Schedules for certain transportation of mail                 
            (a) Requirement. -- Except as provided in section 41906 of         
      this title and section 5402 of title 39, an air carrier may              
      transport mail by aircraft in foreign air transportation or              
      between places in Alaska only under a schedule designated or             
      required to be established under subsection (c) of this section          
      for the transportation of mail.                                          
            (b) Statements on Places and Schedules. -- Every air               
      carrier shall file with the Secretary of Transportation and the          
      United States Postal Service a statement showing --                      
                (1) the places between which the carrier is authorized         
            to provide foreign air transportation;                             
                (2) the places between which the carrier is authorized         
            to transport mail in Alaska;                                       
                (3) every schedule of aircraft regularly operated by           
            the carrier between places described in clauses (1) and (2)        
            of this subsection and every change in each schedule; and          
                (4) for each schedule, the places served by the carrier        
            and the time of arrival at, and departure from, each place.        
            (c) Designating and Additional Schedules. -- The Postal            
      Service may --                                                           
                (1) designate any schedule of an air carrier filed             
            under subsection (b)(3) of this section for the                    
            transportation of mail between the places between which the        
            carrier is authorized by its certificate to transport              
            mail; and                                                          
                (2) require the carrier to establish additional                
            schedules for the transportation of mail between those             
            places.                                                            
            (d) Changing Schedules. -- A schedule designated or                
      required to be established for the transportation of mail under          
      subsection (c) of this section may be changed only after 10 days'        
      notice of the change is filed as provided in subsection (b)(3) of        
      this section.  The Postal Service may disapprove a proposed              
      change in a schedule or amend or modify the schedule or proposed         
      change.                                                                  
            (e) Orders. -- An order of the Postal Service under this           
      section may become effective only after 10 days after the order          
      is issued.  A person adversely affected by the order may appeal          
      the order to the Secretary before the end of the 10-day period           
      under regulations the Secretary prescribes.  If the public               
      convenience and necessity require, the Secretary may amend,              
      modify, suspend, or cancel the order.  Pending a decision about          
      the order, the Secretary may postpone the effective date of the          
      order.                                                                   
            (f) Proceedings Preferences. -- The Secretary shall give           
      preference to a proceeding under this section over all other             
      proceedings before the Secretary under this subpart.                     
                                                                               
      Sec. 41903. Duty to provide certain transportation of mail               
            (a) Air Carriers. -- Subject to subsection (b) of this             
      section, an air carrier authorized by its certificate to                 
      transport mail by aircraft in foreign air transportation or              
      between places in Alaska shall --                                        
                (1) provide facilities and services necessary and              
            adequate to provide that transportation; and                       
                (2) transport mail between the places authorized in the        
            certificate for transportation of mail when required, and          
            under regulations prescribed, by the United States Postal          
            Service.                                                           
            (b) Maximum Mail Load. -- The Secretary of Transportation          
      may prescribe the maximum mail load for a schedule or for an             
      aircraft or type of aircraft for the transportation of mail by           
      aircraft in foreign air transportation or between places in              
      Alaska. If the Postal Service tenders to an air carrier mail             
      exceeding the maximum load for transportation by the carrier             
      under a schedule designated or required to be established for the        
      transportation of mail under section 41902(c) of this title, the         
      carrier, as nearly in accordance with the schedule as the                
      Secretary decides is possible, shall --                                  
                (1) provide facilities sufficient to transport the mail        
            to the extent the Secretary decides the carrier reasonably         
            is able to do so; and                                              
                (2) transport that mail.                                       
                                                                               
      Sec. 41904. Noncitizens transporting mail to or in foreign               
                  countries                                                    
            When the United States Postal Service decides that it may          
      be necessary to have a person nota citizen of the United States          
      transport mail byaircraft to or in a foreign country, the Postal         
      Service may make an arrangement with the person, without                 
      advertising, to provide the transportation.                              
                                                                               
      Sec. 41905. Regulating air carrier transportation of foreign mail        
            An air carrier holding a certificate that authorizes               
      foreign air transportation and transporting mail of a                    
      foreign country shall transport that mail under the                      
      control of, and subject to regulation by, the United                     
      States Government.                                                       
                                                                               
      Sec. 41906. Emergency mail transportation                                
            (a) Contract Authority. -- In an emergency caused by a             
      flood, fire, or other disaster, the United States Postal Service         
      may make a contract without advertising to transport mail by             
      aircraft to or from a locality affected by the emergency when the        
      available facilities of persons authorized to transport mail to          
      or from the locality are inadequate to meet the requirements of          
      the Postal Service during the emergency.  The contract may be            
      only for periods necessary to maintain mail service because of           
      the inadequacy of the facilities.  Payment for transportation            
      provided under the contract shall be made at prices provided in          
      the contract.                                                            
            (b) Transportation Not Air Transportation. --                      
      Transportation provided under a contract made under subsection           
      (a) of this section is not air transportation within the meaning         
      of this part.                                                            
                                                                               
      Sec. 41907. Prices for foreign transportation of mail                    
            (a) Limitations. -- When air transportation is provided            
      between the United States and a foreign country both by aircraft         
      owned or operated by an air carrier holding a certificate under          
      chapter 411 of this title and by aircraft owned or operated by a         
      foreign air carrier, the United States Postal Service may not pay        
      to or for the account of the foreign air carrier a price for             
      transporting mail by aircraft between the United States and the          
      foreign country that the Postal Service believes will result             
      (over a reasonable period determined by the Postal Service               
      considering exchange fluctuations and other factors) in the              
      foreign air carrier receiving a price for transporting                   
      the mail that is higher than the price --                                
                (1) the government of a foreign country or foreign             
            postal administration pays to air carriers for transporting        
            mail of the foreign country by aircraft between the foreign        
            country and the United States; or                                  
                (2) determined by the Postal Service to be comparable          
            to the price the government of a foreign country or foreign        
            postal administration pays to air carriers for transporting        
            mail of the foreign country by aircraft between the foreign        
            country and an intermediate country on the route of                
            the air carrier between the foreign country and the United         
            States.                                                            
            (b) Changes. -- The Secretary of Transportation shall act          
      expeditiously on proposed changes in prices for transporting mail        
      by aircraft in foreign air transportation.  When prescribing             
      those prices, the Secretary shall consider --                            
                (1) the prices paid for transportation of mail under           
            the Universal Postal Union Convention as ratified by the           
            United States Government;                                          
                (2) the price-making elements used by the Universal            
            Postal Union in prescribing its airmail prices; and                
                (3) the competitive disadvantage to United States flag         
            air carriers resulting from foreign air carriers receiving         
            Universal Postal Union prices for transporting United              
            States mail and national origin mail of their own                  
            countries.                                                         
                                                                               
      Sec. 41908. Prices for transporting mail of foreign countries            
            (a) Price Determinations. -- The United States Postal              
      Service shall determine the prices that an air carrier holding a         
      certificate that authorizes foreign air transportation must              
      charge a government of a foreign country or foreign postal               
      administration for transporting mail of the foreign country.  The        
      Postal Service shall put those prices into effect under the              
      postal convention regulating postal relations between the United         
      States and the foreign country or as provided under this section.        
            (b) Changes. -- The Postal Service may authorize an air            
      carrier holding a certificate that authorizes foreign air                
      transportation, under limitations the Postal Service prescribes,         
      to change the prices the carrier charges a government of a               
      foreign country or foreign postal administration for transporting        
      mail of the foreign country in the foreign country or between            
      the foreign country and another foreign country.                         
            (c) Collecting Compensation. -- (1) When an air carrier            
      holding a certificate that authorizes foreign air transportation         
      transports mail of a foreign country --                                  
                (A) under an arrangement with a government of a foreign        
            country or postal administration made or approved under            
            this section, the carrier must collect its compensation for        
            the transportation from the foreign country under the              
            arrangement; and                                                   
                (B) without having an arrangement with a government of         
            a foreign country or foreign postal administration                 
            consistent with this section, the compensation collected by        
            the United States Government for the transportation shall          
            be for the account of the air carrier.                             
            (2) An air carrier holding a certificate that authorizes           
      foreign air transportation is not entitled to receive                    
      compensation from both a government of a foreign country or              
      foreign postal administration and the United States Government           
      for transporting the same mail of the foreign country.                   
                                                                               
      Sec. 41909. Duty to oppose unreasonable prices under the                 
      Universal Postal Union Convention                                        
            The Secretary of State and the United States Postal Service        
      shall --                                                                 
                (1) take appropriate action to ensure that the prices          
            paid for transporting mail under the Universal Postal Union        
            Convention are not higher than reasonable prices for               
            transporting mail; and                                             
                (2) oppose any existing or proposed Universal Postal           
            Union price that is higher than a reasonable price for             
            transporting mail.                                                 
                                                                               
      Sec. 41910. Weighing mail                                                
            The United States Postal Service may weigh mail transported        
      by aircraft  and make statistical and administrative computations        
      necessary in the interest of mail service.  When the Secretary of        
      Transportation decides that additional or more frequent weighings        
      of mail are advisable or necessary to carry out this part, the           
      Postal Service shall provide the weighings, but it is not                
      required to provide them for continuous periods of more than 30          
      days.                                                                    
                                                                               
      Sec. 41911. Evidence of providing mail service                           
            When and in the form required by the United States Postal          
      Service, an air carrier transporting or handling --                      
                (1) United States mail shall submit evidence, signed by        
            an authorized official, that the transportation or handling        
            has been provided; and                                             
                (2) mail of a foreign country shall submit evidence,           
            signed by an authorized official, of the amount of mail            
            transported or handled and the compensation payable and            
            received for that transportation or handling.                      
                                                                               
      Sec. 41912. Effect on foreign postal arrangements                        
            This part does not --                                              
                (1) affect an arrangement made by the United States            
            Government with the postal administration of a foreign             
            country related to the transportation of mail by aircraft;         
            or                                                                 
                (2) impair the authority of the United States Postal           
            Service to make such an arrangement.