8900.1 CHG 725



Indicates new/changed information.

Section 1  Phase 1—Preapplication

2-1411    GENERAL. This section prescribes procedures for evaluating applications for Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 147 Aviation Maintenance Technician School (AMTS) certification. The certification of an AMTS is not limited to schools physically located within the United States; however, the Administrator is not currently issuing certificates to schools physically located outside the United States.

NOTE:  An applicant for certification of a school physically located outside the United States must show that the need exists to certificate airmen to perform maintenance of U.S.-registered civil aircraft and that no alternative through a bilateral agreement or similar agreement exists.

Indicates new/changed information.

A.    Purpose of an AMTS. An AMTS is an educational facility certificated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to train prospective aircraft mechanics for careers in the airline industry, in aviation maintenance facilities, and in commercial aviation and General Aviation (GA). A graduation certificate issued by a part 147 AMTS qualifies a mechanic applicant to test for a Mechanic Certificate airframe and/or powerplant rating, depending on the curriculum from which the applicant graduated, as stated in 14 CFR part 65, § 65.77. The goal of any AMTS should be to prepare students with the basic knowledge, skills, and attitude to be successful in an aviation maintenance career.

B.    Title 14 CFR Part 147. Part 147 specifies requirements for the certification and operation of an AMTS. The regulation includes both the curriculum requirements and the operating rules for all certificated AMTSs.

1)    Background. The regulation’s origin was in Civil Air Regulations (CAR) part 53. When the CARs were recodified in 1962, CAR part 53 became 14 CFR part 147. In 1970, part 147 was completely revised. The revision increased the required core curriculum hours from 1,650 to 1,900 and further defined the subject content and teaching guidelines.
2)    Minimum Requirements. AMTS applicants and certificate holders are encouraged to exceed the FAA minimum standards for facilities, curriculum, and teaching levels. Minimum required curriculum subject areas, course content items, and teaching levels are listed in the appendices to part 147.
Indicates new/changed information.

C.    Certification Process. The certification process is an interaction between the AMTS applicant and the FAA from initial inquiry to issuance or denial of an AMTS Certificate. It ensures the thorough review, evaluation, and testing of programs, systems, and methods of compliance (see Figure 2-111, Certification Process Flowchart). The certification process consists of the following five phases:

    Preapplication phase;

    Formal application phase;

Indicates new/changed information.

    Design Assessment (DA) (i.e., document compliance) phase;

    Performance Assessment (PA) (i.e., demonstration and inspection) phase; and

    Certification (i.e., administrative functions) phase.

D.    Authority. Part 147 and Title 49 of the United States Code (49 U.S.C.) § 44707 provide regulatory and statutory authority for certificating an AMTS.

E.    Aviation Safety Inspector’s (ASI) Responsibility. ASIs should not become involved in determining the market need for the AMTS, the selection of resource personnel (e.g., consultants), or materials. ASIs must remain objective in evaluating the applicant’s facilities, personnel, and curriculum content.

Indicates new/changed information.

2-1412    PHASES OF CERTIFICATION. Flight Standards offices and ASIs will use Safety Assurance System (SAS) automation to record the results of the certification process.

NOTE:  The SAS Resource Guide (SRG) contains an Enhanced Initial Certification Checklist to assist navigation through SAS during the certification process (accessible in the SRG at https://avssp.faa.gov/avs/afs900/CIPO/PRF/SAS%20Resource%20Guide/Published%20SRG/story_flash.html).

A.    Phase 1: Preapplication. This phase begins with an initial inquiry made by the applicant and includes the submission of the FAA Form 8400-6, Preapplication Statement of Intent, the initiation of the Certification Services Oversight Process (CSOP), and the assignment of a Certification Project Team (CPT). The phase ends with a preapplication meeting with the applicant to verify that the applicant understands the certification process and intends to continue with the certification.

NOTE:  Phase 1 ends upon completion of the preapplication meeting. The certification project manager (CPM) should not proceed to the next phase until all requirements of the previous phase are met.

B.    Phase 2: Formal Application. During this phase, a formal application meeting is tentatively scheduled after the FAA has received the Preapplication Statement of Intent (PASI) and has assigned a CPT. The CPT reviews the applicant’s preapplication submissions for completeness and accuracy before confirming the formal application meeting date. During the formal application meeting, the applicant’s management personnel must demonstrate knowledge of their air agency system design and the applicant submits the formal application documents. See paragraph 2-1417 for documents required to be submitted to the FAA during the formal application phase.

NOTE:  Phase 2 ends when the CPT accepts the formal application package. The CPM should not proceed to the next phase until all requirements of the previous phase are met.

C.    Phase 3: Design Assessment (DA). The CPT evaluates the design of the applicant’s curriculum and operating systems to ensure their compliance with regulations and safety standards. The CPM may direct the applicant to complete all Element Design Data Collection Tools (ED DCT) or perform a SAS Custom DCT (C DCT). This document evaluation phase will be used to determine if the air agency system design meets all criteria.

D.    Phase 4: Performance Assessment (PA). Inspectors use Element Performance DCTs (EP DCT) during this phase to record data collected while determining if the applicant’s systems are performing as intended and producing the desired results. This phase requires the demonstration of methods and procedures to aid in the assessment of the applicant’s system design.

NOTE:  Phases 3 and 4 end when all DAs, PAs, or a C DCT have been successfully completed and are satisfactory to the CPM. The CPM should not proceed to the next phase until all requirements of the previous phase are met.

E.    Phase 5: Certification. This phase provides for completion of all administrative functions (e.g., issuance of the Air Agency Certificate, operations specifications (OpSpecs), and certification reports).


A.    Initial Inquiry. Initial inquiries about certification or requests for application may come in various formats from individuals or organizations. These inquiries may be in writing or in the form of meetings with Flight Standards office personnel. The SAS External Portal is a source of communication with the applicant.

1)    Geographic Location. Upon initial contact from an applicant requesting part 147 certification, the receiving office must first determine if the AMTS will reside within the geographic boundaries of the Flight Standards office where application is being made. If the applicant has contacted a Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) that will not have certification responsibility, the applicant must be directed to the appropriate FSDO.
2)    Applicant Orientation and Preliminary Discussion. Upon initial contact, Flight Standards Service (FS) personnel should direct the applicant to the FS website at https://www.faa.gov/licenses_certificates/airline_certification/amts/. The website is intended to inform the applicant of:

    The regulations applicable to the certification;

    An initial overview of the certification process;

Indicates new/changed information.

    The availability of the FAA website at https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ for applicable regulations, advisory circulars (AC), FAA orders, notices, bulletins, and other pertinent information;

    The requirement for the submission of FAA Form 8400-6 to initiate the certification process, instructions on how to complete the PASI, and how and where to submit the completed PASI; and

Indicates new/changed information.

    Links to forms and other types of information the applicant needs to complete the certification process.

B.    SAS External Portal. The External Portal is used to collect the following information:


    FAA Form 8310-6, Aviation Maintenance Technician School Certificate and Ratings Application;

    Scoped ED DCTs (SAS Module 4);

    Change requests to the certificate; and

    Curriculum or manual/procedures submission.

Indicates new/changed information.

C.    FAA Form 8400-6, Preapplication Statement of Intent. Preapplication for certification may come through the SAS External Portal. Upon initial contact, the responsible Flight Standards office personnel should instruct the applicant to submit FAA Form 8400-6, found at https://www.faa.gov/forms. A potential applicant should submit a completed PASI only after reviewing the appropriate regulations and advisory material to include applicable ACs, notices, and Order 8900.1 guidance. The applicant should consider the personnel, facility, equipment, and documentation requirements for certification and operation. Submission of the PASI expresses the applicant’s intent to begin the certification process and allows the FAA to plan activities and commit resources.

1)    For PASI submission:
a)    Applicants can register in the SAS External Portal (https://sas.faa.gov/sas.external.portal/ext/accounts) to submit the PASI and enter the preapplication information into SAS; or
b)    Upon receipt of a completed PASI, the FSDO manager, or the manager’s designee, can enter the applicant’s preapplication information into CSOP as described in Volume 10, Chapter 12, Section 1.
Indicates new/changed information.

NOTE:  A copy of the applicant’s signed PASI is required for the certification report that is retained in the certificate holder/applicant’s official file following completion or termination of the certification.

2)    Upon receipt of a signed PASI, the Flight Standards office will review the form to ensure that there is sufficient information to further process the preapplication. The office should:
a)    Determine if the proposed operation is consistent with part 147.
b)    Evaluate the complexity of the proposed operation and ensure that trained and experienced ASIs are available to participate as Certification Team Members (CTM).
c)    Coordinate waitlisting and transfers when resources are not available within the FSDO to conduct the requested certification by communicating with the CSOP coordinator from the applicable Safety Assurance division.
3)    If the PASI is not acceptable, the Flight Standards office must notify the applicant describing the reasons in Section 2 of the FAA Form 8400-6. It is mandatory to retain a copy of the returned PASI and any correspondence in the certification files.


A.    Selection of Team Members.

1)    Once CSOP begins and the designation of a Flight Standards office as the responsible Flight Standards office for the certification project is made, the FSDO manager (or their designee) establishes the team members to begin the certification, consistent with the CSOP procedures in Volume 10, Chapter 12, Section 1.
2)    The part 147 CPT will consist of at least one Maintenance ASI from the certificating FSDO and one Avionics ASI. Additional Airworthiness ASIs may be utilized as needed. One team member will be designated as the CPM.
Indicates new/changed information.

NOTE:  SAS automation now facilitates requests for a precertification number. Requests for precertification/certification numbers are no longer made via email request to the Regulatory Support Division, Aviation Data Branch.

B.    Designation of the CPM. The responsible Flight Standards office manager will designate one member of the CPT to serve as the CPM. The team member designated as the CPM preferably should have previous experience in the certification of an AMTS under part 147 and must have completed appropriate training, to include:

    Online electronic Learning Management System (eLMS) Course 27100162, Intro to Part 147 Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools for GA Airworthiness ASIs; and

    Instructor-Led Course 21000113, Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools.

Indicates new/changed information.


A.    Responsibilities of the CPM. CPMs must conduct themselves in a professional and responsive manner with the applicant. CPM responsibilities include the following:

1)    Serve as the primary spokesperson for the FAA throughout the certification process. Consequently, the CPM must thoroughly coordinate all certification matters with all other team members assigned to the certification project.
Indicates new/changed information.
2)    Ensure that all certification tasks are complete and coordinate all correspondence to and from the applicant.
Indicates new/changed information.
3)    Notify the FSDO manager of any information that may significantly affect or delay the certification project.
Indicates new/changed information.
4)    Ensure that the part 147 application is made on a form and in a manner prescribed by the Administrator, and submitted with:
a)    A description of the proposed curriculum;
b)    A list of the facilities and materials to be used;
c)    A list of its instructors, including the kinds of certificates and ratings held and the certificate numbers; and
d)    A statement of the maximum number of students it expects to teach at any one time.

NOTE:  Use of the AMTS Certification Process Guide located in AC 147-3, Certification and Operation of Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools, Figure 4-1, can assist the CPM in documenting the certification progress. The CPM may use their own checklist in the certification process as long as the requirements of the certification phases are met. The development of a working certification file or checklist containing the AMTS Certification Process Guide could assist the CPM in collecting, completing, and storing the documents as the certification process progresses. This could be completed and converted to the certification file required at the completion of certification.

Indicates new/changed information.

B.    Responsibilities of the CTMs. Each CTM must respond to CPM requests for assistance and keep the CPM informed of the status of the certification. CTMs should immediately bring any discrepancy that may delay the certification effort to the attention of the CPM.

Indicates new/changed information.

C.    Responsibilities of the Applicant. The applicant must develop and complete all required programs and documents for submission with the formal application.

D.    Office of Safety Standards, Aircraft Maintenance Division. When requested by the responsible Flight Standards office conducting the certification, the Aircraft Maintenance Division will determine if its participation is appropriate and will notify the requesting office of the name(s) of any Aircraft Maintenance Division participants. Safety Standards representatives participating in the certification are team members and should assume responsibilities as determined by management and coordinated by the CPM.


A.    General. In preparation for the meeting, the CPM should remind the applicant that key management personnel should plan on attending the meeting and prepare themselves to discuss, in general terms, the various aspects of the applicant’s proposed operation. The CPM should discuss the certification process in depth, placing emphasis on the expectations of the FAA, what the applicant should expect from the FAA, and the sequence of events. The applicant should be encouraged to ask questions during the discussion. Applicants should be thoroughly familiar with the certification requirements before continuing with the process.

B.    Discussion Topics. The preapplication meeting between the CPM, other CTMs, and the applicant sets the tone for the rest of the certification process. Therefore, it is important that the CPM thoroughly prepare to conduct the meeting and discuss the following guidance:

    FAA Form 8400-6, Preapplication Statement of Intent.

    FAA Form 8310-6, Aviation Maintenance Technician School Certificate and Ratings Application.

    Sample Schedule of Events (SOE).

    AC 147-3, Certification and Operation of Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools.

    AC 00-58, Voluntary Disclosure Reporting Program, and Volume 11, Chapter 1, Section 1.

    Order 8900.1.

    Proposed OpSpecs.

    The SAS External Portal and the option to submit ED DCTs or a C DCT.

    Additional publications or documents that the CPM considers appropriate.

C.    Briefing of the Applicant. At the preapplication meeting, brief the applicant and any key personnel attending the meeting in as much detail as necessary to ensure that they understand the certification process. Use Figure 2-110, AMTS Certification Job Aid, and Figure 2-112, Schedule of Events Job Aid for Part 147 AMTS, as guides to facilitate the discussion and to ensure that you cover all elements of the certification process. Advise the applicant that all manuals/procedures, curriculum, and correspondence may be submitted through the SAS External Portal. Encourage the applicant to ask questions about any area of the process not clearly understood.

D.    Verifying Information on the PASI. The first item for discussion should be verification of the information on the PASI, such as the proposed ratings and location of facilities. When changes to this information occur, the applicant must annotate the changes on the PASI. If changes indicate the need for reassignment of certification responsibilities to another Flight Standards office, the current office must notify the affected Flight Standards office and coordinate the reassignment of the certification project. In this situation, it may be appropriate to terminate the preapplication meeting.

E.    Informing the Applicant of Applicable Regulations. It is essential that the applicant understands which regulations apply to the proposed operation. Advise the applicant to acquire and become familiar with the 14 CFR parts and ACs pertaining to the proposed operation. Make sure the applicant and the applicant’s personnel are aware of their responsibilities during the certification process. It is to their benefit to submit required items as soon as they become available, and to notify the Flight Standards office immediately of any problems or changes in the proposed operation.

F.    Informing the Applicant of FAA Form 8310-6. Discuss the required completion of FAA Form 8310-6.

G.    Informing the Applicant of the Self-Provided ED DCTs or C DCT. Discuss with the applicant the option to submit all applicable ED DCTs at the time of formal application or if the CPM is going to allow the applicant to submit a C DCT in place of performing all of the ED DCTs.


A.    Formal Application Submission Process. During the preapplication meeting, it is essential that the applicant has a clear understanding of the form, content, and documents required for the formal application. It is necessary to inform the applicant of the requirement to submit the formal application to the assigned Flight Standards office. After the initial review, inform the applicant that a letter will provide notification of the application’s acceptance or rejection within 15 business-days. Encourage the applicant to submit the formal application as far in advance as possible of the intended starting date.

B.    Formal Application Submission Documentation. The inspector should inform the applicant that, while FAA inspectors will furnish informal guidance and advice during the preparation of required documents and/or manuals, the production of acceptable documents and manuals is solely the responsibility of the applicant.

C.    Formal Application Attachments. The formal application package should include at least the attachments described in the following subparagraphs:

1)    FAA Form 8310-6, Aviation Maintenance Technician School Certificate and Ratings Application.
2)    SOE. Figure 2-112 provides a sample format for an SOE. The applicant should be encouraged to submit an SOE, as it will aid in the certification process and will reduce the time it takes for the FAA to review and approve its application. The SOE is a list of items, activities, programs, and/or facility acquisitions that the applicant must accomplish or make ready for FAA inspection before certification. The SOE will include the applicant’s best estimate of the date he or she will accomplish the item, activity, program, equipment, or facility acquisitions, or have them ready for inspection. Inform the applicant that it is necessary to construct the SOE in a logical and sequential manner.
a)    The SOE should provide for a reasonable amount of time for the FAA to review and accept or approve each item or event before scheduling other items or events that are dependent on such acceptance or approval.
b)    Inform the applicant that failure to accomplish an item satisfactorily, in accordance with the SOE, could result in a delay to the certification. Advise the applicant that if a CPT detects deficiencies during the review of manuals/procedures and other documents, then they will return them for amendment or correction.
3)    Compliance Statement/Letter of Compliance. Development of a compliance statement assists in the certification process by showing in writing how the applicant intends to meet the requirements of each section of the part 147 rule. The compliance statement should list each applicable part 147 section and provide a brief narrative or a specific reference to a written procedure or other document describing the planned method of compliance with the regulation.
4)    The Proposed Curriculum(s). Emphasize that the proposed curriculum(s) must be submitted for review and receive approval before the PA can be accomplished. This is required because an AMTS’s tools, equipment, and facilities must meet curriculum requirements in addition to meeting the other requirements of part 147.
Indicates new/changed information.
5)    Student Enrollment Statement. A student enrollment statement indicating the maximum number of students to be taught for each rating during each enrollment period. The FAA Form 8310-6 application must also show this information.
6)    Operating Procedures/Documents. These attachments to the formal application may be in the form of one or more manuals or documents and should contain information about the applicant’s organization, general policies, duties, responsibilities of personnel, operational control policy, and procedures. This information is often consolidated into a procedures manual/document and should include:
a)    A written description of standards for graduation.
b)    A written description of attendance and makeup procedures for missed course content.
c)    A written description of grading procedures.
Indicates new/changed information.
d)    An inventory of the materials, equipment, and tools to be used. Advise the applicant to detail which tools the school will provide and which the students must furnish (i.e., Student Hand Tool Policy).
e)    A written description of the facilities to be used for instruction. Ask the applicant to provide detailed drawings with dimensions of classrooms and laboratory/shop facilities. The drawings should show the relative location of each school facility.
Indicates new/changed information.
f)    A list of instructors showing any required certificate number(s), ratings, and subjects to be taught by each.
7)    Exemption Approvals. If the AMTS has received approval for exemption to a 14 CFR requirement, it should include a copy of the request in the formal application package.

2-1418    CONCLUSION OF THE PREAPPLICATION MEETING. The CPT must ensure that the applicant understands the requirements of the formal application.

2-1419    TERMINATION OF THE PREAPPLICATION PROCESS. If, at any time during the preapplication phase, the applicant formally terminates all efforts toward certification, or the Flight Standards office determines that the applicant will not proceed with the certification process, return the PASI to the applicant. The Flight Standards office will notify the applicant in writing that this action terminates the preapplication process and that the applicant must submit a new PASI in order to initiate the certification process again.

A.    SAS Automation. SAS automation will notify the Aviation Data Branch if the certification is terminated in SAS. This allows the precertification number to be put back into the centralized certificate number data file. The certificating office should ensure the accomplishment of the appropriate configuration data (i.e., SAS Vitals Information).

B.    Inactivity. The applicant must maintain an active project. The responsible Flight Standards office must evaluate an inactive period that exceeds 90 calendar-days. Inactivity of greater than 90 calendar-days may be cause to terminate the certification process, or you may terminate the process when it is clear that continuing the process will not result in approval or acceptance (i.e., multiple failures of the applicant’s submissions).

Figure 2-110.  AMTS Certification Job Aid







Initial Inquiry to the FAA







Obtain a copy of regulations/FAA Form 8400-6 (PASI)







Applicant completes and submits FAA Form 8400-6






Preapplication Meeting with the FAA







Discuss certification process







Review PASI







Discuss formal application attachments







Discuss information required for OpSpecs







Review FAA Form 8310-6 (application)






Formal Application Submission







Applicant submits the below listed attachments:







    Letter of Request







    A completed and signed FAA Form 8310-6







    Schedule of Events (SOE)







    Proposed curriculum(s)







    AMTS procedures containing the following information:








      Statement regarding maximum total student enrollment








      Diagram/description of facilities








      List of instructional items (e.g., equipment, tools, materials), Student Hand Tool Policy








      School grading procedures








      Student attendance policy procedures








      Allowable hours of absence and missed material makeup procedures








      Procedures for granting credit for previous experience or training








      Recordkeeping procedures and forms








      Graduation certificate and transcript issuance procedures








      Other AMTS procedures (e.g., administrative, tool control, tech library, etc.)








      Procedures for allowing student testing under 14 CFR part 65, § 65.80







    Distance learning training program (if applicable)






Formal Application Meeting







Discuss questions and concerns







FAA accepts formal application documents for review






Document Compliance







FAA reviews curriculum(s)







FAA reviews all application documents and attachments







Applicant corrects any deficiencies













FAA inspection of facility (e.g., classrooms, shops, distance learning, etc.)







FAA inspection of instruction items







    Instructional equipment such as mockups, aircraft, aircraft components, charts, etc.







    Shop equipment







    Special tools







    Practical project and shop instructional materials (e.g., rivets, sheet metal, etc.)







Reinspection or discrepancy meeting, as required













Issuance of 14 CFR part 147 Air Agency Certificate







Issuance of part 147 OpSpecs





Figure 2-111.  Certification Process Flowchart

Figure 2-111. Certification Process Flowchart

Indicates new/changed information.

Figure 2-112.  Schedule of Events Job Aid for Part 147 AMTS



Proposed Date MM/DD/YYYY

1. Preapplication

Initial Contact


1. Preapplication

Preapplication Meeting


1. Preapplication

Conduct Precertification Inspections (at FAA discretion)


2. Formal Application

Schedule and Conduct Formal Application Meeting


2. Formal Application

Submit Formal Application Documents


2a. Documents

Schedule of Events


2a. Documents

Application, FAA Form 8310-6


2a. Documents

Compliance Statement


2a. Documents

Proposed Curriculum


2a. Documents

School Operating Procedures/Information


2. Formal Application

Review Formal Application Documents


2. Formal Application

Accept or Deny Formal Application


3. Document Compliance

Review Documents


3. Document Compliance

Document Deficiencies


3. Document Compliance

Notify Applicant of Deficiencies


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Evaluate Suitability of Facilities, Equipment, Tools, and Materials


4a. Inspection Items

Facilities and Instructional Aids


4a. Inspection Items



4a. Inspection Items



4a. Inspection Items



4a. Inspection Items

Quantities of Necessary Items


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Observe Demonstrations and Conduct Inspections


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Distance Learning Program


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Document Deficiencies


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Notify Applicant of Deficiencies


4. Demonstration and Inspection

Conduct Meeting to Discuss Concerns/Deficiencies (if deficiencies exist)


5. Certification

Issue the Air Agency Certificate


5. Certification

Prepare (as applicable) 14 CFR Part 147 AMTS OpSpecs


5. Certification

Prepare Certification File


5. Certification

Distribute Application FAA Form 8310-6


RESERVED. Paragraphs 2-1420 through 2-1445.