VOLUME 5 AIRMAN CERTIFICATION
CHAPTER 2 TITLE 14 CFR PART
OF PILOTS AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS
Section 9 Conduct an Instrument Rating Certification
5-431 PROGRAM TRACKING AND REPORTING SUBSYSTEM (PTRS) ACTIVITY CODE. 1506.
5-432 OBJECTIVE. This section provides background to enable the
aviation safety inspector (ASI) to determine if an applicant is eligible for
an instrument rating under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part
Successful completion of this task results in the issuance of Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA) Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (with
an instrument rating), FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application,
or a letter of discontinuance.
NOTE: As implementation of the Airman Certification Standards (ACS) expands, the term
“certification test” may be used in certain situations because it more fully
aligns with the integrated ACS approach to training and testing for airman certification
purposes. The terms “practical test” and “certification test” are synonymous
for the purposes of this guidance.
A. Instrument Rating. The instrument rating requires applicants
to receive training in precision and nonprecision approaches. Due to certain
instrument approach facilities not being available in some areas, the certification,
training, and recency of experience requirements do not specifically outline
what the precision and nonprecision approaches should be. However, it is expected
that instructors provide training to their students on all precision and nonprecision
approaches that are readily available in the area. The content of the practical
test is dependent on the equipment installed in the aircraft and approach facilities
that are available in the nearby area. The practical test of §
61.65 and the instrument proficiency check (IPC) of §
that an applicant be tested on precision and nonprecision approaches.
1) Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certificate.
a) An instrument rating may be added to an ATP Certificate if it is associated
with a category/class rating held at the commercial or private pilot level (e.g.,
AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT, AIRPLANE SINGLE AND MULTIENGINE LAND, COMMERCIAL PRIVILEGES
ROTORCRAFTHELICOPTER, and INSTRUMENTHELICOPTER).
b) The knowledge test results for an ATP Certificate are not acceptable
as evidence of aeronautical knowledge for an instrument rating.
2) Practical Test. The Instrument Rating ACS or
practical test standards
as appropriate, requires an applicant to be tested on three different kinds
of instrument approaches, consisting of one precision approach and two nonprecision
approaches. The precision approach may be an instrument landing system (ILS) approach, or
a Global Positioning System (GPS) Landing System (GLS) approach. A precision approach radar (PAR)
is not authorized as a precision approach on the practical test. Additionally,
although localizer performance with vertical guidance (LPV) is technically not
considered a precision approach, it can be used as a precision approach if the
decision altitude (DA) is equal to or less than 300 feet height above touchdown
(HAT). The GPS equipment must be instrument certified and contain the current
database. Although LPV and lateral navigation (LNAV)/vertical navigation (VNAV)
approaches are technically nonprecision approaches, because of the availability
of a glidepath, they may not be used to demonstrate nonprecision approaches.
NOTE: An LPV approach with a DA greater than 300 feet HAT may be used
as a nonprecision approach; however, due to the precision of its glidepath and
localizer (LOC)-like LNAV characteristics, an LPV can be used to demonstrate
precision approach proficiency (Area of Operation (AOO) VI Task B) if the DA
is equal to or less than 300 feet HAT.
a) For the selection of the nonprecision approaches, the evaluator may choose
to test on any two of the following nonprecision instrument approaches using
different kinds of navigation systems:
· Non-directional radio beacon (NDB),
· Localizer type directional aid (LDA),
· Very high frequency omni-directional range station (VOR),
· Simplified Directional Facility (SDF), and
b) Although LPV approaches are technically nonprecision, due to the precision
of its glidepath and its LOC-like LNAV characteristics, an LPV can be used to
demonstrate precision approach during the instrument practical test if the DA
is equal to or less than 300 feet HAT. Consequently, ILS, GLS, or LPV can be
used to demonstrate a precision approach.
c) The required radio equipment that must be installed and operational on
the aircraft must provide for communications with air traffic control (ATC)
and for the performance of the required nonprecision approaches and precision approaches.
d) If the practical test is conducted in the aircraft and the aircraft has
an operable and properly installed GPS, the evaluator will require and the applicant
must demonstrate GPS approach proficiency. If the applicant has contracted for
training in an approved course that includes GPS training in the system that
is installed in the aircraft/simulator/flight training device (FTD), and the
aircraft/simulator/FTD used for the checking/testing has the same system properly
installed and operable, the applicant must demonstrate GPS approach proficiency.
NOTE: If any avionics/navigation unit, including GPS, in the aircraft
used for the practical test is placarded inoperative, the evaluator will review
the maintenance log to verify that the discrepancy has been properly documented.
1) Multiengine Limited to Visual Flight Rules (VFR) Only. If
an applicant holds both single‑engine and multiengine class ratings on a pilot
certificate and takes the instrument rating practical test in a single-engine
airplane, the certificate issued must bear the limitation “MULTIENGINE LIMITED
TO VFR ONLY.” If the applicant takes the test in a multiengine airplane, the
instrument privileges will be automatically conferred for the Airplane Single Engine (ASE) rating.
2) Limited to Center Thrust. An applicant may accomplish an Instrument-Airplane
rating practical test in a multiengine airplane that is limited to center thrust.
There is no need to place the “LIMITED TO CENTER THRUST” limitation on the applicant’s
pilot certificate provided the Airplane Multiengine Land (AMEL) rating is not
limited to center thrust. If the applicant’s AMEL rating is limited to center,
thrust then the limitation will already be on the pilot certificate.
5-434 ESTABLISHING ELIGIBILITY.
A. Graduate of an Approved School. If an applicant graduated
from an approved school, the applicant is considered to meet the knowledge and experience requirements of §
an applicant graduated from an FAA-approved pilot school within 60 days before application, §
the applicant to present an appropriate graduation certificate.
Otherwise, the applicant must meet the requirements of §
B. Graduate of an Approved School with Examining Authority. If
an applicant graduated from an FAA‑approved school with examining authority within 60 days before applying, §
the applicant to present an appropriate graduation certificate. Otherwise,
the applicant must meet the requirements of §
C. Not a Graduate of an Approved School. If an applicant is not
a graduate of an FAA-approved school, establish the applicant’s flight experience in accordance with §
military pilot flight time records are acceptable toward meeting the requirements of §
D. English Language Requirements. Early in the process of issuing
an instrument rating, the ASI must determine whether the applicant can read,
speak, write, and understand the English language. The current edition of Advisory Circular (AC)
Language Skill Standards Required by 14 CFR Parts
how to determine English language abilities required for an instrument rating.
1) If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand the English language,
then the evaluator may not issue the instrument rating unless the reason is
because of a medical disability. If the applicant has such a medical disability
(e.g., a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated
by a certified medical physician), an ASI may place an operating limitation
on the person’s pilot certificate. The evaluator should refer the applicant
to the local Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) for the issuance of the
pilot certificate with a limitation. Contact information for the local FSDOs can be found at
operating limitation may require the person to be accompanied by another pilot who is qualified to
act as a pilot in command (PIC) for the appropriate aircraft category, class,
type (if class and type of aircraft is applicable), and operating privilege.
2) While there are no testing standards established to ascertain the applicant’s
English language ability, the following examples may be used as guidelines to
evaluate and test an applicant’s proficiency to determine whether the applicant
can read, speak, write, and understand the English language:
a) An evaluator may ask the applicant to read a section of a technical manual.
Once complete, the evaluator may ask the applicant to write and explain his
or her interpretation of the reading. An appropriate technical manual in this
sense means an Airplane Flight Manual (AFM), a maintenance manual, or any other
publication appropriate for the certificate or desired rating.
b) An evaluator may ask the an applicant for an instrument rating to write,
in English, the meaning of an ATC clearance, instruction, or weather report,
and then ask the applicant to speak and explain the clearance, instruction,
or weather report back to the evaluator in the English language.
3) The intent is not to require the applicant to read, speak,
write, and understand the English language at college-level standards. A common-sense
approach should be used in evaluating an applicant for this requirement (refer to §
E. Logbook Endorsements.
1) In accordance with §
applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an
endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant is
prepared for the required practical test and has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge
of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test received.
2) The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an
endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant has
received and logged 3 hours of instrument training within the 2 calendar-months
preceding the date of the application in preparation for the practical test.
3) The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an
endorsement from an authorized instructor who states that the applicant has
demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant
was deficient on the airman knowledge test.
4) The applicant must have logged training and received a logbook
endorsement from an authorized instructor on the training required by §
is appropriate for the instrument rating sought.
5) The applicant’s logbook or training record must contain an
endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the applicant is
prepared to pass the practical test. In addition, the applicant must have a signed FAA Form
8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application.
5-435 TYPES OF INSTRUMENT RATINGS.
A. Instrument Ratings and Associated Aircraft Ratings.
B. Requirements. An Instrument
Airplane rating is issued to an applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating
in an airplane. An InstrumentHelicopter
rating is issued to an applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating in a
helicopter. An InstrumentPowered-lift
rating is issued to an applicant who qualifies for an instrument rating in a
powered-lift. A person who already holds an instrument rating in one category
of aircraft and is applying for an additional instrument rating in another category
of aircraft need only obtain the appropriate aeronautical experience, training,
and endorsements, and pass the appropriate practical test, but does not need
to take an additional knowledge test.
5-436 INSTRUMENTS REQUIRED FOR INSTRUMENT PILOT AIRPLANE RATING PRACTICAL
TEST. Although appropriate flight instruments are considered to be those outlined in 14 CFR
part 91 for
flight under instrument flight rules (IFR), an applicant
may elect to satisfy a portion of the instrument practical test in an Airworthy
aircraft that does not have all of the instruments required by
§ 91.205(d), such
as a partial panel aircraft with only turn, slip, and airspeed indicators. However,
the applicant will need an aircraft equipped, in accordance with §
complete the remaining required tasks for instrument certification.
While it may be extremely difficult for the applicant to satisfactorily complete
any portion of the instrument practical test with the limited flight instruments
characterized by the partial panel and while IFR flight plans cannot be filed,
it is the applicant’s prerogative to attempt the test under these circumstances.
Moreover, it must be emphasized to the applicant that performance standards
will not be relaxed when an airplane is so equipped.
5-437 INSTRUMENT FLIGHT INSTRUCTION OR PRACTICAL TESTS INVOLVING SIMULATED INSTRUMENT FLIGHT. Section
a third-person observer whenever the safety pilot
determines that vision is inadequate. The rule requires that a competent observer
who adequately supplements the safety pilot’s forward and side vision be in
the aircraft during simulated instrument flight when the safety pilot does not
have adequate vision forward and to each side of the aircraft. Evaluators should
ensure that the subject of adequate vision, as it relates to instrument instruction,
is discussed with flight instructors. It must be made clear that the most diligent
and expert scanning by the instructor pilot is imperative, since the instructor
pilot is normally the person aboard the aircraft best able to see and avoid other aircraft.
5-438 REQUIRED INSTRUMENT APPROACHES. Section
an applicant for an instrument rating to pass a practical
test on instrument flight procedures (IFP). The Instrument Rating ACS or
appropriate, requires the applicant to demonstrate the ability to
perform the IFR operations required by
5-439 USE OF AIRCRAFT NOT APPROVED FOR IFR OPERATIONS UNDER ITS TYPE
CERTIFICATE (TC) FOR INSTRUMENT TRAINING AND/OR AIRMAN CERTIFICATION TESTING.
The following paragraphs are intended to clarify the use of an aircraft not
approved for IFR operations under its TC for instrument flight training and/or
airman certification testing.
A. IFR Training in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC). Instrument
flight training may be conducted during VMC in any aircraft that meets the equipment requirements of §§
for an airplane operated in controlled airspace under the IFR system, §§
aircraft may be operated on an IFR flight plan under IFR in VMC,
provided the PIC is properly certificated to operate the aircraft under IFR.
However, if the aircraft is not approved for IFR operations under its TC, or
if the appropriate instruments and equipment are not installed or are not operative,
operations in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) are prohibited. The
PIC of such an aircraft must cancel the IFR flight plan in use and avoid flight into IMC.
B. TC Data. Appropriate TC data will indicate whether the aircraft
meets the requirements for IFR operations.
aircraft operations without compliance with the operating
limitations for that aircraft prescribed by the certificating authority.
operation of a U.S.-registered aircraft requiring an AFM
or Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM) unless it has on board a current and approved
AFM or RFM or approved manual material, markings, and placards containing each
operating limitation prescribed for that aircraft.
5-440 DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT (DME) ARC APPROACHES. DME arc
transition flightpaths may be used during approach and departure procedures.
While the technique of arc flying is uncomplicated, it may cause considerable
concern if an instrument pilot’s first exposure to this type approach is encountered
during actual IFR conditions. Therefore, the following should be considered:
A. Obstacle Clearance. In addition to difficulties that may be
experienced when maintaining the prescribed arc, there is a general misunderstanding
that obstacle clearance is provided throughout the entire sector containing
the arc at the published arc altitude. For example, the published altitude along
a prescribed arc may be 2,500 feet. This provides obstacle clearance of at least
1,000 feet for a 4-mile distance from either side of the center line of the prescribed course.
B. Departing the Arc. Pilots should be cautioned that obstacle
clearance to the final approach fix (FAF) is not guaranteed if the aircraft
departs the arc at other than the prescribed position, even if the published
arc altitude is maintained.
C. Information Dissemination. Examiners should ensure that the subject of
flying DME arcs is brought to the attention of examiners, pilot schools, flight
instructors, instrument-rated pilots, and air taxi operators to provide an awareness
of the need to become familiar with the use of this procedure.
5-441 USE OF MAKESHIFT AND NONAPPROVED INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES
(IAP) FOR TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION. There have been misinterpretations
concerning the IAP and facilities required for the training and practical testing
of instrument rating applicants. Specifically, the misunderstanding concerns
whether nonapproved or makeshift approach procedures may be used in lieu of approved 14 CFR part
and procedures during training and practical testing.
An example of a makeshift procedure would be the substitution of a published
approach for one VOR on a different VOR.
A. Regulatory Requirement. Section
that an applicant for the instrument practical test must
have received instrument flight instruction and have been found competent in
precision and nonprecision instrument approaches to published minimums. Section
that the practical test must include IFPs selected by the evaluator
conducting the test to determine the applicant’s ability to perform competently
the IFR operations for which instruction is required by §
makeshift approaches are not a part of any system, the use of a makeshift approach would
not meet the intent of the regulatory requirement and is not authorized.
B. Information Dissemination. Supervising ASIs should ensure that all evaluators,
pilot schools, and instructor personnel are informed that the regulations do
not permit the use of approach procedures other than those outlined in §
91.175(a) for the purpose of meeting the requirements of §
5-442 PARTIAL PANEL SKILLS AND EARLY DETECTION OF INSTRUMENT FAILURE.
Aircraft accidents have occurred during IFR operations in IMC when the failure
or malfunction of certain instruments or equipment and the pilot’s lack of competency
in instrument partial panel skills may have contributed to the pilot’s loss
of control and the resulting accident.
A. Partial Panel Skills. Since many of the single- and twin-engine
aircraft operated in IMC are not equipped with dual, independent, gyroscopic
heading or attitude indicators, it is imperative that the pilot maintain proficiency
in partial panel instrument skills. In addition, the pilot should have an adequate
knowledge of the proper functioning of all gyroscopic instrumentation, pressure/vacuum
systems, and associated electronic equipment to preclude operating in IMC with
inoperative instruments or equipment.
B. Certification Standards. Current certification standards as outlined in the ACS or
PTS, as appropriate, and pertinent rules of part
the level of instrument competency that should be achieved during
pilot training and which must be demonstrated during certification testing.
C. ASI Responsibilities. Each ASI should take the necessary action to ensure the following:
1) The matter of partial panel skills is brought to the attention
of all flight and ground instructors and Designated Pilot Examiners (DPE) within the FSDO’s jurisdiction;
2) Title 14 CFR part
instrument or instrument-related ground or flight
school training course outlines (TCO) are reviewed and revised, as necessary,
to ensure proper emphasis on the subject areas described herein;
3) ASIs should emphasize pilot competency in partial panel instrument
skills during the training and testing of airmen in simulated emergency operations,
particularly in aircraft that do not have redundant or dual, independently powered flight instrumentation systems;
4) ASIs should emphasize the early detection of malfunction or
failure of either pressure/vacuum or electronic flight instruments or systems,
particularly when the failure or malfunction would endanger the safety of the aircraft; and
5) Flight instructors and pilot examiners conducting IPCs under §
ensure that the pilot performing the check demonstrates an
accepted level of competency in partial panel skills.
5-443 REQUIREMENT TO DEMONSTRATE GPS APPROACH PROFICIENCY ON A PRACTICAL
TEST. If the practical test is conducted in an aircraft, and that aircraft
has an operable and installed GPS receiver, an examiner may require an applicant
to demonstrate GPS approach proficiency. If the applicant has contracted for
training in an approved training course that includes GPS training and a GPS
receiver is installed in the aircraft, simulator, or FTD, as appropriate, and
the aircraft, simulator, or FTD used for the practical test has the GPS receiver
installed, an examiner may require an applicant to demonstrate GPS approach proficiency.
5-444 PREREQUISITES AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.
A. Prerequisites. This task requires knowledge of the regulatory requirements of part
61 subpart B,
FAA policies, and qualification as an ASI (Operations).
B. Coordination. This task may require coordination with the
airworthiness unit and with the Airman Records section of the Airmen Certification Branch (AFS-760).
5-445 REFERENCES, FORMS, AND JOB AIDS.
A. References (current editions):
· Title 14 CFR Parts
187 Appendix A.
· Instrument Rating ACS or
PTS, as appropriate.
· FAA-H-8083-15, Instrument Flying Handbook.
· PTRS Procedures Manual (PPM), as appropriate.
· Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM).
· FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate (see Figure 5-44).
· FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application (see Figure 5-46).
· FAA Form
8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (see Figure 5-45).
C. Job Aids. Sample letters and figures.
A. Schedule Appointment. Advise the applicant to bring the following documents to the appointment:
1) FAA Form
be completed in ink or typed and signed by the applicant. FAA
Form 8710-1 may
also be completed and processed electronically on the Integrated
Airmen Certification and Rating Application (IACRA) Web site at
a) The applicant must complete sections I, II, III, IV, and V. Section I
must have Parts A through O completed in their entirety. If a flight test is
administered, section IIA(1) must indicate the aircraft used during the flight
test and the “Total time” in (2)a. (If tested in a simulator, this section can
be omitted.) The aircraft listed must match the aircraft listed in the designated
examiner’s report. Section IIC must be completed when the applicant graduated
from an FAA-approved course. Ensure the applicant has given the school name
and location (city and state). If the application is a §
and is adding instrument U.S. TEST PASSED, section IID must
also be completed if the application is based off the airman’s foreign license.
In addition, the airman must have had his or her foreign license verified for
validity prior to making application. The verification letter must be attached
to the application. The applicant must ensure he or she completes section III,
Record of Pilot Time. As a special emphasis item, the evaluator must review
the applicant’s aeronautical experience on FAA Form
in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the appropriate aeronautical
experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought. Section IV
must be answered “Yes” or “No” if a certification test was administered. If
“Yes,” ensure the airman’s Notice of Disapproval is included with the approved
application. If the applicant has lost the Notice of Disapproval, attach a statement
to that effect. Section V must be signed and dated by the applicant.
b) In section III on FAA Form
8710-1, Record of Pilot Time, the applicant
must list at least the aeronautical experience required for the Airman Certificate and rating sought. Graduates of part
141 pilot schools or 14 CFR part
142 training centers must
provide their aeronautical experience in section III, even though the
graduation certificate is evidence of having completed the course of training.
c) If aeronautical experience has no bearing on the airman certification
action being sought, it is not necessary for an applicant to complete section
III. For example, flight instructor renewal applications, flight instructor
reinstatement applications, ground instructor qualification applications, and
pilot type rating applications would be examples for which aeronautical experience
would not have a bearing on the airman certification action; thus, the applicant
would not be required to complete section III of the application. However, all
applicants are encouraged to complete section III because it remains on file
with the FAA and can be used to substantiate past aeronautical experience in
the case of a lost logbook.
2) An Airman Certificate.
3) At least a current third-class Airman Medical Certificate
(FAA Form 8500-9, Medical Certificate ___ Class) and Statement of Demonstrated Ability (SODA), if applicable.
4) An Airman Knowledge Test Report (AKTR).
5) A school graduation certificate (if required by §
6) Personal logbooks or other records substantiating the flight
experience shown on the application form.
7) An acceptable form of photo identification.
8) The aircraft maintenance records.
9) The aircraft airworthiness certificate.
10) The aircraft registration.
11) A view-limiting device.
12) The AFM.
13) The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) aircraft station license documents, if applicable.
B. Applicant Arrives for Appointment.
1) Collect the documents listed above.
2) Open PTRS file, as appropriate.
C. Review Application.
1) In section I, ensure that the applicant has checked the box labeled “Instrument.”
2) Check the application for accuracy, using the instructions on the form attachment.
3) Check to make sure the flight instructor has signed the reverse
side of the application no more than 60 days before the application.
4) The FAA Form
must be completed in ink or typed and signed by the applicant. Per §
applicant must complete section III, Record of Pilot Time, on the FAA
Form 8710-1 application. As a special emphasis item, the evaluator
must review the applicant’s aeronautical experience recorded on FAA Form
in the applicant’s logbook/training record to ensure compliance with the
appropriate aeronautical experience requirements for the certificate and/or rating sought.
D. Verify Applicant’s Identity. Inspect acceptable forms of identification
to establish the applicant’s identity (see
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 3). Compare
the identification with the personal information provided on FAA Form
1) If the applicant’s identity can be verified, proceed with issuing the certificate.
2) If the applicant’s identity cannot be verified because of
lack of identification or inadequate identification, explain what types of identification
are acceptable. Instruct the applicant to return with appropriate identification to reapply.
3) If the applicant’s identity appears to be different from the information supplied on FAA
Form 8710-1 or
it appears that an attempt at falsification has been made, do not continue this task (see Volume 7, Chapter 6).
E. Establish Eligibility.
1) Determine if the applicant meets the specific eligibility,
knowledge, and experience requirements for an instrument rating certification (refer to §
a) If the applicant cannot read, speak, write, or understand English, then the
certification process should be terminated, unless the reason is because of
a medical disability. If the reason for the applicant not being able to read,
speak, write, and understand English is because of a medical disability (meaning
a hearing impairment or speech impairment that is medically substantiated by
a certified medical physician), then an operating limitation may be placed on
the person’s certificate. A medical disability of this kind may require an operating
limitation be placed on the person’s pilot certificate that prohibits the pilot
from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios. However,
as a matter of clarification, this limitation would not necessarily prohibit
a pilot from operating in airspace that requires the use of communication radios
if the pilot has received prior authorization from the jurisdictional air traffic
facility where the flight is being conducted and the pilot is able to receive
instructions from that air traffic facility via light signals or some other
form of electronic means of communication.
b) Verify that the applicant for an instrument rating holds either a Private or
a Commercial Pilot Certificate with an aircraft rating appropriate to the instrument
rating sought or an ATP Certificate limited to VFR.
c) If the applicant is not a graduate of an approved school, have the applicant
establish flight experience in accordance with §
an acceptable logbook or other reliable record that conforms to
§ 61.51 requirements.
d) Except for part
141 graduates (refer to §
the record of flight time in section III of the application to determine if the applicant has at
least the minimum flight experience required for the rating sought (refer to §
e) Verify that the applicant’s instrument instruction hours received in a full
flight simulator (FFS) or FTD do not exceed the creditable hours permitted by
the regulations (if acceptable as instrument time under §
that the hours of FTD time (if acceptable as instrument time under §
been logged specifically as FTD instruction received.
f) Verify that the flight simulation training device (FSTD) time is certified by
an authorized instructor. Credit all allowed FSTD time toward total pilot time.
g) If an Aviation Training Device (ATD) has been used for the training for
an instrument rating, only the maximum creditable time can be used. The time
must be certified by an authorized instructor. The ATD must be approved and
qualified in accordance with the current edition of AC
Approval of Aviation Training Devices and Their Use for Training and Experience.
h) Inspect the applicant’s medical certificate to make sure it is at least
a current third-class medical certificate and it does not bear any limitation
making a special medical flight test necessary for the issuance of the instrument
rating. (If a special medical flight test is necessary, see Volume 5, Chapter 8.)
i) If the applicant holds an instrument rating and is applying for an additional
instrument rating in another category of aircraft, check to see if the applicant
meets the experience requirements of
j) If the applicant has checked the “Yes” box of section IV on FAA Form
verify that the applicant meets the requirements of §
the applicant has failed the instrument rating practical test,
make sure the applicant’s FAA Form
8710-1 has been re-signed by that applicant’s
instructor and make sure the applicant has received additional training from
that instructor before conducting the retest.
k) Determine if the applicant graduated from an FAA-approved commercial/instrument
pilot certification course or instrument rating test course within the preceding
60 days. If so, have the applicant present the appropriate graduation certificate required by §
61.71. Otherwise, the applicant must meet the requirements of §
l) Request and examine one of the following documents as acceptable evidence
of having passed the knowledge test:
· An AKTR;
· A test report from a knowledge test examining facility; or
· A test report from an authorized computerized knowledge test facility.
2) Check the reverse side of the FAA Form
8710-1 for the instructor’s signature
in the Instructor’s Recommendation section. Verify that the applicant has received instrument instruction in the
last 2 calendar-months from a certificated instrument flight instructor.
3) The evaluator conducting the practical test, or an airworthiness ASI, should
review the applicant’s aircraft maintenance records, aircraft logbooks, airworthiness
certificate, and aircraft registration to determine if the aircraft is Airworthy
and suitable for this practical test. After review, return the documents to the applicant.
a) The applicant will review the aircraft maintenance records, logbooks, airworthiness
certificate, and aircraft registration for the purpose of demonstrating aeronautical
knowledge about how to determine whether an aircraft is Airworthy and suitable for flight.
b) An aircraft provided for an instrument rating practical test must have
engine power controls and flight controls that are easily reached and operable
in a conventional manner by both pilots. A throw‑over yoke is not acceptable for the practical test.
F. Discrepancies. If a discrepancy that cannot be immediately
corrected exists in any of the documents, return the application and all submitted
documents to the applicant. Inform the applicant of the reasons for ineligibility
and explain how the applicant may correct the discrepancies.
G. Conduct Practical Test. After determining that the applicant
is eligible and meets all prerequisites for the instrument rating, conduct the practical test.
1) Use the procedures and maneuvers outlined in the Instrument Rating
ACS, as appropriate, for the appropriate category and class of aircraft.
2) An applicant for retesting typically receives credit for those pilot operations
successfully completed on the previous practical examination(s). However, an
evaluator will reexamine the applicant on all pilot operations required for
a pilot certificate or rating after more than 60 days have elapsed, or when
the evaluator has reason to doubt the applicant’s competency in any areas for
which credit has previously been given.
3) If the practical test is not completed for reasons other than
proficiency (knowledge and/or skill), issue the applicant a letter of discontinuance
(see Figure 5-43, Letter of Discontinuance). Return the application and any
submitted documents to the applicant.
4) Close PTRS, as appropriate.
H. Unsatisfactory Performance. If an applicant’s practical test
performance is not satisfactory, terminate the practical test and inform the applicant of the reasons.
1) Prepare FAA Form 8060-5 in accordance with the guidance in
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 6 (see
Figure 5-46, Sample FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application, Instrument Rating).
2) Indicate on the FAA Form 8060-5 the following:
· When conducing an ATP practical test, mark
the “ORAL” or “FLIGHT” box, as appropriate to the test found to be unsatisfactory;
· When conducting a practical test for other
than ATP, mark the “PRACTICAL” box;
· All required AOOs and tasks on which the
applicant was evaluated as unsatisfactory;
· Operations not performed during the practical test; and
· Number of practical test failures by the applicant for
this certificate or rating, listed in any available space on the form. (See Figure 5-46.)
3) The evaluator must date and sign the FAA Form 8060-5. The
ASI must enter the district office routing symbol.
4) Evaluators will sign, date, and check the appropriate boxes on the form. Give
the applicant a copy of the notice of disapproval and retain the original for the certification file.
5) Retain the FAA Form
8710-1 and return all other submitted documents to the applicant.
6) As appropriate, sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical
test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion,
the unsatisfactory outcome of the test, and the evaluator’s designation number.
I. Satisfactory Performance. Issue FAA Form 8060-4, including
all of the applicant’s previous ratings and the appropriate instrument rating to the applicant.
1) Prepare the certificate in duplicate per
Volume 5, Chapter 1, Section 5 (see
Figure 5-44, Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate, Instrument Rating).
2) Indicate the appropriate instrument rating on the certificate:
for applicants who have met the requirements in a helicopter;
for applicants who have met the requirements in an airplane; or
for applicants who have met the requirements in a powered-lift.
3) Enter any appropriate limitation(s) if the applicant holds an airplane multiengine
class rating (land or sea) and completes the practical test in a single-engine
airplane or in a multiengine airplane limited to center thrust. If an instrument
rating is added to a certificate using a single-engine airplane, and the applicant
has a multiengine rating (land or sea), enter a VFR limitation for those multiengine privileges.
4) If the pilot certificate is issued in a foreign country, refer to §
61.13(a) and part
187 appendix A.
5) Complete the appropriate certification section and sign the reverse side of FAA Form
6) As appropriate, mail the completed certification file to the managing FSDO no
later than 7 calendar-days after the completion of the test. Forward the completed file to AFS-760.
7) Return all submitted documents not forwarded to AFS-760 to the applicant.
8) As appropriate, sign an entry in the applicant’s records after the practical
test. That entry must show the type of test, the duration of the flight portion,
the successful outcome of the test, and the evaluator’s designation number.
J. PTRS. Complete the PTRS in accordance with the PPM, as appropriate.
5-447 TASK OUTCOMES. Completion of this task results in the issuance of one of the following:
· Temporary Airman Certificate,
· Notice of Disapproval of Application, or
· Letter of Discontinuance.
5-448 FUTURE ACTIVITIES:
· Pilots may return for another grade of Airman Certificate.
· Pilots may return for an additional category or class rating.
Figure 5-43. Letter of Discontinuance
[applicant’s name and address]
Dear [applicant’s name]:
On this date, you successfully completed the ground portion of the practical
test for a [indicate grade] certificate with an [indicate category] and [indicate
class] class rating. The practical test was discontinued because of [indicate reason].
If application is made by [indicate date 60 days from date of letter], this
letter may be used to show the following portions of the practical test which
have been completed satisfactorily.
[Indicate Areas of Operation (AOO) completed on the test.]
After [indicate expiration date], you must repeat the entire practical test.
This letter does not extend the expiration date as shown on the knowledge test results, your graduation
certificate, medical certificate, or required endorsements.
[signature of inspector or examiner conducting practical certification test of examiner candidate]
Figure 5-44. Sample FAA Form 8060-4, Temporary Airman Certificate, Instrument Rating
Figure 5-45. Sample FAA Form
8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
Figure 5-45. Sample FAA Form
8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application (Continued)
Figure 5-46. Sample FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval of Application, Instrument Rating
RESERVED. Paragraphs 5-449 through 5-465.