8900.1 CHG 289



Section 5  Flight Standardization Boards

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8-105    GENERAL. This section contains information for inspectors about the purpose, composition, and responsibilities of Flight Standardization Boards (FSB) and about resources available to inspectors through the FSBs. This section also contains guidance for inspectors who may be invited to serve as members of an FSB.

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8-106    ESTABLISHMENT OF AN FSB. The Aircraft Evaluation Division decides when to establish an FSB. FSBs are usually established for large turbojet and turbopropeller aircraft and Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 41 airplanes. FSBs are not usually established for Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 23 and 27 aircraft, unless the aircraft have unique design, flight, or handling characteristics.

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8-107    COMPOSITION OF AN FSB. An FSB is usually composed of a chairperson from the Aircraft Evaluation Division, Flight Standards Operations inspectors, a representative of the Office of Safety Standards, and various technical advisors, as follows:

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A.    Chairperson. The chairperson is usually an Aircraft Evaluation Division Operations specialist assigned to the aircraft certification project.

B.    Operations Inspectors. FSB members are usually Operations inspectors who will be involved with the initial operational approval of the aircraft.

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C.    Office of Safety Standards Representative. FSB membership may also include a representative from either the Air Transportation Division, the Flight Technologies and Procedures Division, or the General Aviation and Commercial Division, as appropriate. This representative helps ensure that Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) policy is considered by the FSB.

D.    Technical Advisors. At the discretion of the chairperson, technical advisors from other Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG) boards may be invited to attend.

8-108    RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FSB. The FSB’s primary responsibilities are to determine the requirements for pilot type ratings, to develop minimum training recommendations, and to ensure initial flightcrew member competency in accordance with the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC) 120-53, Guidance for Conducting and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations. This information is published in a report that is sent to the Air Transportation Division for coordination. After approval, it is to be used by the principal operations inspector (POI) as guidance in approving operator training, checking, and currency programs. The FSB report is posted on the Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) under “Publications.” Specific functions of the FSB are as follows:

A.    Determination of Pilot Type Ratings. The FSB determines the requirement for a pilot type rating for aircraft usually during certification flight tests.

B.    Development of Training Objectives. The FSB develops training objectives for normal and emergency procedures and maneuvers and reviews flight simulation training device (FSTD) requirements.

C.    Training Recommendations. The FSB publishes recommendations for use by POIs during approval of an operator’s training program. In developing training objectives and procedures, the FSB considers unique requirements of an aircraft such as the fly-by-wire electronic flight control system and the side-stick controller of the Airbus 320.

D.    Development of Master Differences Requirements (MDR) Tables. During FSB evaluations, MDR tables may be developed for related aircraft to be used by POIs during review and approval of operator’s differences or related aircraft differences training.

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E.    Initial Training/Checking. FSB members usually conduct initial training and checking of the manufacturer’s pilots and FAA Operations inspectors.

F.    Review of Existing Training Programs. When required, the FSB may review training programs for existing aircraft to evaluate the effectiveness of the training.

G.    Accidents. In case of an accident, FSB members may be consulted on training or crewmember competency issues involving aircraft assigned to the board.

8-109    RESPONSIBILITIES OF FSB MEMBERS. The FSB chairperson and members have the following responsibilities:

A.    FSB Chairperson. The chairperson is required to attend the pre-type certification board meeting and is responsible for scheduling meetings during the certification process.

B.    FSB Members. Members attend scheduled meetings and participate in formulating the FSB report.

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8-110    FSB REPORT. The AEG branch manager approves the FSB report and the Air Transportation Division manager grants final approval for publication. FSB reports are posted on FSIMS under “Publications” where they are available to FAA offices and the public. The FSB report should contain the recommended minimum training requirements that Operations inspectors may use when evaluating operator training programs.

A.    Report Considerations. FSB reports are based on a variety of factors, including private sector comments, flight test evaluation, and in-service experience.

B.    Final Determinations and Findings. The FSB may hold public meetings and invite private sector groups to attend, after which the FSB will make a final determination and issue recommendations.

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C.    Contents of the FSB Report. The following are elements of an FSB report:

1)    Record of Revisions;
2)    Introduction;
3)    Highlights of Change;
4)    Background;
5)    Acronyms;
6)    Definitions;
7)    Pilot Type Rating;
8)    Related Aircraft;
9)    Pilot Training;
10)    Pilot Checking;
11)    Pilot Currency;
12)    Operational Suitability;
13)    Miscellaneous;
14)    Appendix 1, Differences Legends;
15)    Appendix 2, Master Differences Requirements Table; and
16)    Appendix 3, Differences Tables.
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NOTE:  The FSB report contains only recommended minimum training requirements. Further guidance on training program approval is found in Volume 3, Chapters 19 and 21.

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8-111    TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR RELATED AIRCRAFT. In determining the need for training requirements for related aircraft, the FSB requests a revised training program from the manufacturer and evaluates differences between the base aircraft and the related aircraft based on factors such as design and operational or procedural differences. Advancements in technology that affect flight deck automation and aircraft systems are also considered. In addition, the FSB may collect and review background materials such as the original training programs and the aircraft’s operating history, including accidents or incidents. If the FSB determines that training is required for the related aircraft, the operator should usually modify training programs for the base aircraft and establish a differences or related aircraft differences training program to address the related aircraft.

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8-112    USE OF FSTDs. When new equipment is installed on the aircraft, FSTDs should be updated to reflect the correct configuration. The FSB, in coordination with the National Simulator Program (NSP), will determine whether FSTDs are adequate for meeting regulatory and training requirements.

RESERVED. Paragraphs 8-113 through 8-127.