Task:

M1.1.1 Conduct an Accident Investigation

5/10/21

Function:

1.0 Investigations

 

Duty:

1.1 Investigation of Accidents

 

Sponsor:

Aircraft Maintenance Division

 

Job Series:

1825-Aviation Safety Inspector

 

Rating and Ranking:

Difficulty:                   High

Importance:                 Critical

Task Applicability:

SAS Tracking:            3702    3703    3755    3761    5702    5703    5755    5761

SAS Elements:            4.0

Regulatory and/or Statutory Requirement(s):

49 U.S.C. § 40101      Policy

49 U.S.C. § 40113      Administrative

49 U.S.C. § 44701      General Requirements

49 U.S.C. § 44702      Issuance of Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44703      Airman Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44704      Type Certificates, Production Certificates, Airworthiness Certificates, and Design and Production Organization Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44705      Air Carrier Operating Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44706      Airport Operating Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44707      Examining and Rating Air Agencies

49 U.S.C. § 44708      Inspecting and Rating Air Navigation Facilities

49 U.S.C. § 44709      Amendments, Modifications, Suspensions, and Revocations of Certificates

49 U.S.C. § 44712      Emergency Locator Transmitters

49 U.S.C. § 44713      Inspection and Maintenance

49 U.S.C. § 44714      Aviation Fuel Standards

49 U.S.C. § 44716      Collision Avoidance Systems

49 U.S.C. § 44717      Aging Aircraft

49 U.S.C. § 46301      Civil Penalties

14 CFR Part 91           General Operating and Flight Rules

14 CFR Part 120         Drug and Alcohol Testing Program

14 CFR Part 121         Operating Requirements: Domestic, Flag, and Supplemental Operations

14 CFR Part 129         Operations: Foreign Air Carriers and Foreign Operators of U.S.‑Registered Aircraft Engaged in Common Carriage

49 CFR Part 830         Notification and Reporting of Aircraft Accidents or Incidents and Overdue Aircraft, and Preservation of Aircraft Wreckage, Mail, Cargo and Records

49 CFR Part 831         Investigation Procedures

Relevant Guidance and Advisory Material (current editions):

Order 2150.3               FAA Compliance and Enforcement Program

Order 8020.11             Aircraft Accident and Incident Notification, Investigation, and Reporting

Order 8025.1               Medical Responsibilities in Aerospace Incidents and Accidents

Order 8900.1               Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS)

Job Aid(s):

None

Prerequisite Specialized Training:

FAA Course (00035)           Basic Aircraft Accident Investigation

FAA Course (27200039)     Initial Bloodborne Pathogen Training

FAA Course (20000090)     Recurrent Bloodborne Pathogen Training

FAA Course (00498)           Experimental Aircraft Accident Investigation

FAA Course (00001042)     Advanced General Aviation Accident Investigation

FAA Course (00007)           Basic Rotorcraft Accident Investigation

NOTE: Ensure you have the most current information. The Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS) may be used to obtain current guidance.

Job Task Performance Steps and Knowledge:

1           Receive initial accident information.

K:         49 CFR Part 830, Subpart B

             Order 8020.11, Chap. 2, Par. 5

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-11

1.1.       Open SAS activity record.
K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 10

2           Record the initial accident information; initiate FAA Form 8020-9, Aircraft Accident/Incident Preliminary Notice.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 4, Par. 8

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-11

2.1.       Obtain the aircraft type, model, N-number and serial number.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 4, Par. 8
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-11
2.2.       Determine the type of accident, such as air carrier, ultralight, public use aircraft, agricultural, military, etc.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 7
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-11
2.3.       Secure aircraft records and logbooks, if available.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap.3, Par. 15c and Chap. 4, Par. 18c
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

3           Notify the regional operations center to ontact appropriate personnel and agencies as required.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 4b

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Pars. 7-3 and 7-11

4           If National Transportation Board (NTSB) conducts investigation, respond as determined by NTSB.

K:         49 CFR Part 831 § 831.11(a)(4)

             Order 8020.11, Chap. 4, Par. 4

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-6B

5           If investigation is delegated to FAA, contact appropriate office personnel; initiate organization of investigation.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 4g

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-3C

6           If accident requires on-site investigation, contact local law enforcement and/or airport security to provide accident site security.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10a

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

6.1.       Ensure that rescue operations have been initiated.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10d(1)
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

7           Select accident investigation members, as required.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 4h

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

7.1.       Develop accident investigation plan.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 4
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A
7.2.       Obtain accident investigation kit from office.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 7
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

8           Obtain all required weather information.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 4, Par. 14b

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

9           Perform on-site preliminary investigation.

K:         49 CFR Part 831 § 831.8

             Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

9.1.       Ensure accident site security has been properly established.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 10a and b
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A
9.2.       Ensure accident site is made safe for performance of investigation or wreckage relocated.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 5
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A
9.3.       If accident site is unsafe, contact appropriate authorities for assistance.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 5
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

10         Conduct on-site briefing of participants; assign responsibilities.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 4e, 4h, 10b(2), 11c

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12

11         Determine the condition, circumstances, factors and current status of personnel aboard the aircraft.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

12         Ensure emergency locator transmitter, cockpit voice recorder and flight data recorder have been deactivated, if applicable.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 10g and h

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

12.1.     Remove electronic (digital) components (FDR/CVR, cockpit display electronic memory circuit chips, GPS, flight data monitoring avionics, etc.) only after documenting their external physical condition and utilizing manufacturer guidelines, when available. Try to preserve all cables and connections in their original state.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 12p and Chap. 3, Par. 16d
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

13         Determine if mechanical laboratory analysis may be needed and how specimens will be obtained.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 10h, 16, 17, 18

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

14         Determine if engineering assistance is required.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 2, Pars. 4c, 4e and Chap. 3, Par. 4f

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

15         Ensure that personal items have been tagged and secured.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10e(2)

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

16         Obtain any eyewitness and survivor statements to include the following.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 13b

K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

16.1.     Secure copies of statements made prior to the inspector's arrival.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 10k, 11h, 13
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A
16.2.     Record names, addresses and phone numbers of any eyewitnesses, survivors, relatives, etc., as applicable.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 13c
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

17         Determine the type of cargo.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 11h(5)(b)

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

18         If a fire was involved, determine how the fire started.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 12b and Chap. 4, Par. 14b

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

19         Assess the topographical features of the accident site, such as visible damage path, actual location of wreckage and obstructions.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 10e(1), 11g, 12m

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

20         Photograph the wreckage-associated area to obtain an overall view of the accident site.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 11g

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

21         Prepare a wreckage distribution diagram.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 10e(1)

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

22         Perform wreckage investigation.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 11

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12 A

22.1.     If wreckage is inaccessible, continue field phase of investigation, as applicable.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 5m and o
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

23         Conclude field phase of investigation.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 18

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

23.1.     Debrief all FAA participants prior to their departure from the site.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 18c and d
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

24         Analyze results of investigation.

K:         49 CFR Part 831 § 831.9(c)

             Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Pars. 12, 22

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

25         If determination is made that accident should be downgraded to incident status, notify the appropriate Flight Service Station, Aviation Data Systems Branch (AFS-620), NTSB, as applicable.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 22e

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-12A

25.1.     If any of the 9 FAA responsibilities are involved, initiate appropriate action.
K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 2, Par. 4a(3) and Chap. 3, Par. 22h
Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-9

26         Prepare Accident Investigation Report.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 22

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-13

27         Assemble Accident Investigation Report; complete required FAA and NTSB forms, as applicable.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 22

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-13

28         Distribute Accident Investigation Report.

K:         Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 22

             Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-13B

29         Document task.

K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-15

29.1.     File all accident investigation related material.
K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-13
29.2.     Close SAS activity record.
K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 10

30         Future activities.

K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-9

30.1.     Initiate a violation investigation if, at any time during the accident investigation, a violation of the CFRs is indicated.
K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 7, Chap. 1, Sec. 1, Par. 7-9
Order 8900.1, Vol. 14
Order 2150.3
30.2.     Submit FAA Safety Recommendation, as applicable.
K:         Order 8900.1, Vol. 1, Chap. 2, Sec. 3, Par. 1-141C
Order 8020.11, Chap. 3, Par. 25
Order 8020.17