Unscoped DCT Report (Standard DCT)


MLF Label: 2.3.1 (OP) Appropriate Operational Equipment DCT Type: ED DCT Specialty: Operations Peer Group: I - Part 141 Pilot Schools DCT Revision: 6.0 on 12/29/20 (Released)
Summary Information

Purpose (Certificate Holder Responsibility): To prepare and equip aircraft and pilots to operate safely over the intended route.
Objective (FAA Responsibility): Determine if the pilot school or provisional pilot school will be able to; (1) Comply with regulations; (2) Prepare and equip aircraft and pilots to operate safely over the intended route.

The (OP) Appropriate Operational Equipment Element includes the following System(s) and Subsystem(s)

Questions Answers Comments
  2.3.1 (OP) Appropriate Operational Equipment
1   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Management Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051929, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
2   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Management Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051943, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
3   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Management Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051930, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
4   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


Safety Attribute: Management Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051944, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
5   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051931, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
6   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051945, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
7   
Does the certificate holder have policies and procedures for ADS-B operations?


REFERENCES: 91.225, 91.227

NOTE: After January 1, 2020, only aircraft with installed ADS-B Out systems shown to meet the equipment requirements of §91.227 are authorized to operate in the airspace specified in §91.225.

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  FAR PART = "121" OR "135" OR "141" ,  Rev.  3  6/24/2019 1:40:00 PM, 

QID:
 00003192, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
8   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051926, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
9   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051940, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
10   
Does the pilot school or provisional pilot school have a method to ensure that when the school's training facility is located within the U.S., each aircraft used by the school for flight training and solo flights:

      #1 Is a civil aircraft of the United States;
      #2 Is certificated with a standard airworthiness certificate, a primary airworthiness certificate, or a special airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category unless the FAA determines otherwise because of the nature of the approved course;
      #3 Is maintained and inspected in accordance with the requirements for aircraft operated for hire under part 91, subpart E, of this chapter;
      #4 Has two pilot stations with engine-power controls that can be easily reached and operated in a normal manner from both pilot stations (for flight training);
      #5 Is equipped and maintained for IFR operations if used in a course involving IFR enroute operations and instrument approaches; and
      #6 If used for training in the control and precision maneuvering of an aircraft by reference to instruments, the aircraft is equipped as provided in the approved course of training?

REFERENCES: AC-141-1, 141.39(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ( FAR PART = "141" ) AND NOT ( COURSES = "GROUND ONLY" ) ,  Rev.  3  2/13/2020 2:11:54 PM, 

QID:
 00053152, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
11   
Does the pilot school or provisional pilot school have a method to ensure that the following items are carried on each aircraft used for flight training and solo flights:

      #1 A pretakeoff and prelanding checklist; and
      #2 The operator's handbook for the aircraft, if one is furnished by the manufacturer, or copies of the handbook if furnished to each student using the aircraft?

REFERENCES: AC-141-1, 141.75

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ( FAR PART = "141" ) AND NOT ( COURSES = "GROUND ONLY" ) ,  Rev.  3  2/13/2020 2:11:54 PM, 

QID:
 00053159, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
12   
When the training facility is located outside the U.S. and training will be conducted outside the U.S., does the certificate holder of a pilot school certificate, or provisional pilot school certificate, have a method to show that each aircraft used by the school for flight training and solo flights:

      #1 Is a civil aircraft of the United States or a civil aircraft of foreign registry;
      #2 Is certificated with a standard or primary airworthiness certificate or an equivalent certification from the foreign aviation authority;
      #3 Is maintained and inspected in accordance with the requirements for aircraft operated for hire under part 91, subpart E of this chapter, or in accordance with equivalent maintenance and inspection from the foreign aviation authority's requirements;
      #4 Has two pilot stations with engine-power controls that can be easily reached and operated in a normal manner from both pilot stations (for flight training);
      #5 Is equipped and maintained for IFR operations if used in a course involving IFR enroute operations and instrument approaches; and
      #6 If used for training in the control and precision maneuvering of an aircraft by reference to instruments, the aircraft is equipped as provided in the approved course of training?

REFERENCES: AC-141-1, 141.39(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "141") AND NOT (COURSES = "GROUND ONLY") AND (TRAINING CONFIGURATION = "TRAINING OUTSIDE THE US") ,  Rev.  1  12/29/2020 1:16:41 PM, 

QID:
 00056837, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
13   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051927, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
14   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051941, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
15   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051928, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
16   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051942, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
17   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051932, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
18   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051946, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No


Response Details List  Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Process oversight failure
2 Unacceptable safety risk acceptance
3 Ineffective planning of resources
4 Ineffective use of resources
5 Ineffective control of resources
6 Failure to implement safety risk processes
7 Process owner not clearly identified
8 Unqualified
9 Other
Response Details List  Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failure to identify hazards or ineffective risk controls
2 Failure to develop and maintain risk controls
3 Failure to effectively mitigate risk before applying risk controls
4 Risk controls ineffective
5 Unclear risk controls
6 Failure to assess risk for a new system
7 Failure to assess risk when revising an existing system
8 Failure to assess risk when developing operational procedures
9 Failure to maintain records of outputs of risk control assessments
10 Other
Response Details List  EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Unclear procedure(s)
2 Conflicting procedure(s)
3 Used workaround(s)
4 Skipped process step(s)
5 Personnel failed to follow process (procedures, guidance, etc)
6 Procedures/guidance not available
7 Procedures/guidance not current
8 Inconsistent procedure(s)
9 Undocumented procedure(s)
10 Minor typographical error(s) (i.e. record entries)
11 Information missing
12 Communication failure(s)
13 Personnel failed to perform task
14 Process failed to meet desired outcome
15 Process oversight failure
16 Equipment/tools not available
17 Equipment/tools not adequate
18 Equipment/tools not calibrated
19 Facilities not adequate
20 Other
Response Details List  Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Internal communication failure(s)
2 External communication failure(s)
3 Lack of interfaces
4 Inconsistent interfaces
5 Poor coordination between departments and employees
6 Failure of interfaces between processes or procedures
7 Other
Response Details List  Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Inadequate monitoring of operations processes
2 Ineffective evaluations of processes or systems
3 Undocumented or insufficient investigations
4 Failure to conduct audits
5 Ineffective audits
6 Failure to detect changes in the operational environment
7 Personnel failed to perform/follow process (procedures, guidance, etc.)
8 Process failed to meet desired outcome
9 Process oversight failure
10 Other
Response Details List  Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failed to provide financial resources
2 Failed to provide sufficient human resources
3 Individual not clearly identified
4 Failure to ensure safety of process
5 Failure to oversee operations conducted under the certificate
6 Failed to ensure quality performance of process
7 Process oversight failure
8 Communication failure(s)
9 Other
Response Details List  N/A Response Detail (Released, 2.0)
1 Not applicable or authorized for the certificate holder or applicant
2 Other
Response Details List  Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 3.0)
1 Unaware of or ineffective safety policies or processes
2 Unaware of or ineffective safety related reporting tools
3 Unclear safety policy
4 Ineffective safety related training
5 Lack of safety culture
6 Unclear safety objectives
7 Other