Unscoped DCT Report (Standard DCT)


MLF Label: 2.1.3 (OP) Simulators/Training Devices DCT Type: ED DCT Specialty: Operations Peer Group: A - Part 121 Air Operators DCT Revision: 13.0 on 06/25/20 (Released)
Summary Information

Purpose (Certificate Holder Responsibility): To use full flight simulators, flight training devices, and training aids that meet the requirements of the training programs.
Objective (FAA Responsibility): Determine if the CH will be able to; (1) Comply with regulations; (2) Use full flight simulators, flight training devices, and training aids that met the requirements of the training programs.

The (OP) Simulators/Training Devices Element includes the following System(s) and Subsystem(s)

Questions Answers Comments
  2.1.3 (OP) Simulators/Training Devices
1   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


REFERENCES: 5.23(a), 5.25(a), 5.25(b), 5.25(c), 5.21

Safety Attribute: Management Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:45 PM, 

QID:
 00051915, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
2   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


REFERENCES: 5.23(a), 5.23(b), 5.25(c)

Safety Attribute: Management Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051916, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
3   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


REFERENCES: 5.75, 5.71, 5.73

Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051917, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
4   
Do the procedures specify that Flight Simulation Training Device sponsors must establish and follow a quality management system for the continuing surveillance and analysis of the performance and effectiveness of the Flight Simulation Training Device?


REFERENCES: 60 Appendix E, 60.5

NOTE: The quality management system must be approved by the National Simulator Program Manager, for the continuing surveillance and analysis of the sponsor's performance and effectiveness in providing a satisfactory Flight Simulation Training Device for use on a regular basis as described in Qualification Performance Standards 14 CFR Part 60 Appendix E.

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121" ) AND ( TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES" OR "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" ) ,  Rev.  2  3/19/2020 10:39:31 AM, 

QID:
 00001859, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
5   
Do the procedures specify when a level B or higher FFS may be used instead of an airplane?


REFERENCES: 121.407(c)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:47 AM, 

QID:
 00001866, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
6   
Do the procedures require meeting low-altitude windshear training requirements using an approved, type-specific FFS?


REFERENCES: 121.407(d), 121.409(d)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:46 AM, 

QID:
 00001867, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
7   
Do the procedures specify the content of training courses that use FFSs?


REFERENCES: 121.403(b), 121.409(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS"))) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:46 AM, 

QID:
 00001868, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
8   
Do the procedures require an FAA-assigned qualification level for all simulators or flight training devices used in AQP training for:

      #1 Conducting proficiency evaluations;
      #2 Training to proficiency;
      #3 Determining if an individual or crew is ready for a proficiency evaluation;
      #4 Meeting recency of experience requirements; and
      #5 Conducting LOS?

REFERENCES: 121.921(a), 121.921(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A034" ) ,  Rev.  2  5/21/2014 10:25:40 PM, 

QID:
 00001869, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
9   
Do the procedures require the identification of training equipment used in AQP by nomenclature and intended use when it is submitted for FAA approval?


REFERENCES: 121.921(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A034" ) ,  Rev.  1  5/14/2014 10:51:14 AM, 

QID:
 00001875, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
10   
Do the procedures require that each training device used in AQP be part of a continuing program to provide serviceability and fitness, as approved by the FAA, to perform its intended function?


REFERENCES: 121.921(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A034" ) ,  Rev.  1  5/14/2014 10:51:14 AM, 

QID:
 00001876, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
11   
Do the procedures specify that each FSTD be specifically approved for the certificate holder for:

      #1 Use in the certificate holder's approved training program;
      #2 The type airplane and, if applicable, the particular variation within type, for which the training or check is being conducted; and
      #3 The particular maneuver, procedure, or flightcrew member function involved?

REFERENCES: 121.407(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 9:59:03 AM, 

QID:
 00050607, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
12   
Do the procedures specify that each FSTD used to satisfy a training requirement in an approved training program:

      #1 Maintain its performance, function, and other characteristics as required for qualification in accordance with 14 CFR part 60;
      #2 Be modified in accordance with 14 CFR part 60 to conform with any airplane modifications being simulated that results in changes to performance, function, or other characteristics required for qualification;
      #3 Undergo a daily functional preflight check before being used; and
      #4 Have a daily discrepancy log kept with each discrepancy entered by the appropriate instructor or check airman at the end of each training or check flight?

REFERENCES: 121.407(a), 60.20, 60.25

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 9:58:59 AM, 

QID:
 00050611, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
13   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  1  3/13/2018 11:30:19 AM, 

QID:
 00051912, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
14   
Do the procedures specify that under an advanced simulation training program, training and checking permitted in Level B, C, and D FFSs (as applicable) is in accordance with 14 CFR part 121 Appendix H?


REFERENCES: 121 Appendix H

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "ADVANCED SIMULATION")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 10:01:08 AM, 

QID:
 00052207, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
15   
Do the certificate holder's procedures specify that before conducting flight training and/or checking in the specific maneuvers listed below, each full flight simulator must be qualified for:

      #1 Upset recovery maneuvers;
      #2 Instructor-guided hands on experience of recovery from full stall and, if equipped, stick pusher activation;
      #3 Recovery from bounced landing;
      #4 Crosswind takeoffs and landings with gusts; and
      #5 Demonstrating the effects of engine and airframe ice accretion?

REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 60 Appendix A

NOTE: Each full flight simulator being used to conduct the above listed tasks must be specifically qualified for them as described in part 60, Appendix A (FSTD Directive 2). This qualification must be listed in Section 3.a. on the FSTD’s Statement of Qualification (SOQ) or as an interim qualification issued by the National Simulator Program (NSP) on an approved FSTD Sponsor Notification Form for FSTD Directive 2 Modifications (NSP form T011-FD2). By March 12, 2019, any FSTDs that were previously qualified for any of these tasks using previous guidance material must be evaluated and qualified using the updated standards in FSTD Directive 2. Review should include - Attachment 6 to Appendix A to Part 60—FSTD Directives Applicable to Airplane Flight Simulators, FSTD Directive 2

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  1  2/27/2019 9:41:39 AM, 

QID:
 00054838, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
16   
Does the certificate holder require that for any person to serve as a flight engineer on an airplane, he or she must have acquired 50 hours of flight time, as a flight engineer on the aircraft type, or a flight check on the aircraft type within the past 6 months?


REFERENCES: 121.453(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") AND (CREWMEMBERS = "FLIGHT ENGINEERS") ,  Rev.  1  3/19/2020 10:39:39 AM, 

QID:
 00056011, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
17   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


REFERENCES: 5.51, 5.53, 5.55

Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:45 PM, 

QID:
 00051913, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
18   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:45 PM, 

QID:
 00051914, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
19   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


REFERENCES: 5.23(a), 5.91, 5.93

Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "121") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051918, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No


Response Details List  EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Unclear procedure(s)
2 Conflicting procedure(s)
3 Used workaround(s)
4 Skipped process step(s)
5 Personnel failed to follow process (procedures, guidance, etc)
6 Procedures/guidance not available
7 Procedures/guidance not current
8 Inconsistent procedure(s)
9 Undocumented procedure(s)
10 Minor typographical error(s) (i.e. record entries)
11 Information missing
12 Communication failure(s)
13 Personnel failed to perform task
14 Process failed to meet desired outcome
15 Process oversight failure
16 Equipment/tools not available
17 Equipment/tools not adequate
18 Equipment/tools not calibrated
19 Facilities not adequate
20 Other
Response Details List  N/A Response Detail (Released, 2.0)
1 Not applicable or authorized for the certificate holder or applicant
2 Other
Response Details List  Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failure to identify hazards or ineffective risk controls
2 Failure to develop and maintain risk controls
3 Failure to effectively mitigate risk before applying risk controls
4 Risk controls ineffective
5 Unclear risk controls
6 Failure to assess risk for a new system
7 Failure to assess risk when revising an existing system
8 Failure to assess risk when developing operational procedures
9 Failure to maintain records of outputs of risk control assessments
10 Other
Response Details List  Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Internal communication failure(s)
2 External communication failure(s)
3 Lack of interfaces
4 Inconsistent interfaces
5 Poor coordination between departments and employees
6 Failure of interfaces between processes or procedures
7 Other
Response Details List  Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failed to provide financial resources
2 Failed to provide sufficient human resources
3 Individual not clearly identified
4 Failure to ensure safety of process
5 Failure to oversee operations conducted under the certificate
6 Failed to ensure quality performance of process
7 Process oversight failure
8 Communication failure(s)
9 Other
Response Details List  Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Process oversight failure
2 Unacceptable safety risk acceptance
3 Ineffective planning of resources
4 Ineffective use of resources
5 Ineffective control of resources
6 Failure to implement safety risk processes
7 Process owner not clearly identified
8 Unqualified
9 Other
Response Details List  Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Inadequate monitoring of operations processes
2 Ineffective evaluations of processes or systems
3 Undocumented or insufficient investigations
4 Failure to conduct audits
5 Ineffective audits
6 Failure to detect changes in the operational environment
7 Personnel failed to perform/follow process (procedures, guidance, etc.)
8 Process failed to meet desired outcome
9 Process oversight failure
10 Other
Response Details List  Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 3.0)
1 Unaware of or ineffective safety policies or processes
2 Unaware of or ineffective safety related reporting tools
3 Unclear safety policy
4 Ineffective safety related training
5 Lack of safety culture
6 Unclear safety objectives
7 Other