Unscoped DCT Report (Standard DCT)


MLF Label: 2.1.3 (OP) Simulators/Training Devices DCT Type: ED DCT Specialty: Operations Peer Group: E - Part 135 (HAA) DCT Revision: 14.0 on 06/25/20 (Released)
Summary Information

Purpose (Certificate Holder Responsibility): To use full flight simulators, flight training devices, and training aids that meet the requirements of the training programs.
Objective (FAA Responsibility): Determine if the CH will be able to; (1) Comply with regulations; (2) Use full flight simulators, flight training devices, and training aids that met the requirements of the training programs.

The (OP) Simulators/Training Devices Element includes the following System(s) and Subsystem(s)

Questions Answers Comments
  2.1.3 (OP) Simulators/Training Devices
1   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Management Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051929, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
2   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Management Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051943, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
3   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Management Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051930, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
4   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


Safety Attribute: Management Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051944, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
5   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051931, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
6   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051945, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
7   
Do the procedures specify when a level B or higher FFS may be used instead of an airplane?


REFERENCES: 121.407(c)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:47 AM, 

QID:
 00001866, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
8   
Do the procedures require meeting low-altitude windshear training requirements using an approved, type-specific FFS?


REFERENCES: 121.407(d), 121.409(d)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:46 AM, 

QID:
 00001867, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
9   
Do the procedures specify the content of training courses that use FFSs?


REFERENCES: 121.403(b), 121.409(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS"))) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  6/25/2020 9:59:46 AM, 

QID:
 00001868, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
10   
Do the procedures specify that each aircraft simulator and other training devices used in a training course or in checks must be specifically approved for:

      #1 The certificate holder; and
      #2 The particular maneuver, procedure, or crewmember function involved?

REFERENCES: 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 19 Sec 6, 135.335(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  6  2/27/2018 1:10:04 PM, 

QID:
 00001879, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
11   
Do the procedures require that the simulator or other training devices used in training or checking events under 14 CFR Part 135 must maintain the performance, functional, and other characteristics that are required for approval?


REFERENCES: 135.335(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND ((TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") OR (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS")) AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  5  2/27/2018 1:10:04 PM, 

QID:
 00001882, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
12   
Do the procedures for aircraft simulators require that the simulator be:

      #1 Approved for the type of aircraft and, if applicable, the particular variation within the type for which the training or check is being conducted; and
      #2 Modified to conform to any modification of the aircraft being simulated that changes the performance, functional, or other characteristics required for approval?

REFERENCES: 135.335(b)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  3  2/27/2018 1:10:04 PM, 

QID:
 00001883, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
13   
Do the procedures specify that each FSTD be specifically approved for the certificate holder for:

      #1 Use in the certificate holder's approved training program;
      #2 The type airplane and, if applicable, the particular variation within type, for which the training or check is being conducted; and
      #3 The particular maneuver, procedure, or flightcrew member function involved?

REFERENCES: 121.407(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 9:59:03 AM, 

QID:
 00050607, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
14   
Do the procedures specify that each FSTD used to satisfy a training requirement in an approved training program:

      #1 Maintain its performance, function, and other characteristics as required for qualification in accordance with 14 CFR part 60;
      #2 Be modified in accordance with 14 CFR part 60 to conform with any airplane modifications being simulated that results in changes to performance, function, or other characteristics required for qualification;
      #3 Undergo a daily functional preflight check before being used; and
      #4 Have a daily discrepancy log kept with each discrepancy entered by the appropriate instructor or check airman at the end of each training or check flight?

REFERENCES: 121.407(a), 60.20, 60.25

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS" OR "FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICES") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 9:58:59 AM, 

QID:
 00050611, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
15   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051926, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
16   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051940, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
17   
Do the procedures specify that under an advanced simulation training program, training and checking permitted in Level B, C, and D FFSs (as applicable) is in accordance with 14 CFR part 121 Appendix H?


REFERENCES: 121 Appendix H

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "ADVANCED SIMULATION")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (TRAINING EQUIPMENT = "FLIGHT SIMULATORS") AND (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY" OR "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O")) ,  Rev.  2  6/25/2020 10:01:08 AM, 

QID:
 00052207, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
18   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051927, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
19   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051941, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
20   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051928, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
21   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051942, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
22   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051932, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
23   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051946, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No


Response Details List  Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Inadequate monitoring of operations processes
2 Ineffective evaluations of processes or systems
3 Undocumented or insufficient investigations
4 Failure to conduct audits
5 Ineffective audits
6 Failure to detect changes in the operational environment
7 Personnel failed to perform/follow process (procedures, guidance, etc.)
8 Process failed to meet desired outcome
9 Process oversight failure
10 Other
Response Details List  Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 3.0)
1 Unaware of or ineffective safety policies or processes
2 Unaware of or ineffective safety related reporting tools
3 Unclear safety policy
4 Ineffective safety related training
5 Lack of safety culture
6 Unclear safety objectives
7 Other
Response Details List  EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Unclear procedure(s)
2 Conflicting procedure(s)
3 Used workaround(s)
4 Skipped process step(s)
5 Personnel failed to follow process (procedures, guidance, etc)
6 Procedures/guidance not available
7 Procedures/guidance not current
8 Inconsistent procedure(s)
9 Undocumented procedure(s)
10 Minor typographical error(s) (i.e. record entries)
11 Information missing
12 Communication failure(s)
13 Personnel failed to perform task
14 Process failed to meet desired outcome
15 Process oversight failure
16 Equipment/tools not available
17 Equipment/tools not adequate
18 Equipment/tools not calibrated
19 Facilities not adequate
20 Other
Response Details List  N/A Response Detail (Released, 2.0)
1 Not applicable or authorized for the certificate holder or applicant
2 Other
Response Details List  Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failure to identify hazards or ineffective risk controls
2 Failure to develop and maintain risk controls
3 Failure to effectively mitigate risk before applying risk controls
4 Risk controls ineffective
5 Unclear risk controls
6 Failure to assess risk for a new system
7 Failure to assess risk when revising an existing system
8 Failure to assess risk when developing operational procedures
9 Failure to maintain records of outputs of risk control assessments
10 Other
Response Details List  Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Internal communication failure(s)
2 External communication failure(s)
3 Lack of interfaces
4 Inconsistent interfaces
5 Poor coordination between departments and employees
6 Failure of interfaces between processes or procedures
7 Other
Response Details List  Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failed to provide financial resources
2 Failed to provide sufficient human resources
3 Individual not clearly identified
4 Failure to ensure safety of process
5 Failure to oversee operations conducted under the certificate
6 Failed to ensure quality performance of process
7 Process oversight failure
8 Communication failure(s)
9 Other
Response Details List  Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Process oversight failure
2 Unacceptable safety risk acceptance
3 Ineffective planning of resources
4 Ineffective use of resources
5 Ineffective control of resources
6 Failure to implement safety risk processes
7 Process owner not clearly identified
8 Unqualified
9 Other