Unscoped DCT Report (Standard DCT)


MLF Label: 2.1.4 (OP) Outsource Crewmember Training DCT Type: ED DCT Specialty: Operations Peer Group: C - Part 135 (9 or Less Seats) DCT Revision: 12.0 on 06/22/21 (Released)
Summary Information

Purpose (Certificate Holder Responsibility): To use outsource training to meet requirements.
Objective (FAA Responsibility): Determine if the CH will be able to; (1) Comply with regulations; (2) Use outsource training to meets requirements.

 (OP) Outsource Crewmember Training Element includes the following System(s) and Subsystem(s)

Questions Answers Comments
  2.1.4 (OP) Outsource Crewmember Training
1   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051929, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
2   
Does the process design ensure the individual with responsibility provides both financial and human resources for the safety and quality performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Responsibility,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051943, Response Details: Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
3   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051930, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
4   
Is the person with authority clearly identifiable, qualified and knowledgeable to effectively plan, direct and control resources, change procedures and make key determinations including safety risk acceptance decisions for this element?


Safety Attribute: Authority,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051944, Response Details: Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
5   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051931, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
6   
Do process measurement(s) exist to evaluate the performance of this element and implement corrective action if necessary?


Safety Attribute: Process Measurement,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051945, Response Details: Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
7   
Do the procedures specify the requirements of OpSpec A031 to permit another certificate holder certificated under 14 CFR Part 121, or a flight training center certificated under 14 CFR Part 142, to provide flight training, testing, and checking under contract or other arrangement?


REFERENCES: A031, 121.402(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (OPSPEC = "A031")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  2  2/27/2018 1:10:09 PM, 

QID:
 00001887, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
8   
Do the procedures specify the certificate holder must require that training centers:

      #1 Hold applicable training specifications issued under 14 CFR Part 142;
      #2 Have facilities, training equipment, and courseware meeting the applicable requirements of 14 CFR Part 142;
      #3 Use the certificate holder's approved curriculum segments and portions of curriculum segments applicable for use in training courses required by 14 CFR Part 142; and
      #4 Have sufficient instructors and check airmen qualified under the applicable requirements of 14 CFR Part 121 Sections 411, 412, 413, and 414 to provide training, testing, and checking for the Operator's employees?

REFERENCES: A031, 121.402(b), 121.411(f), 121.412(f), 121.413, 121.414(a)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (OPSPEC = "A031")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  2/27/2018 1:10:09 PM, 

QID:
 00001888, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
9   
Do the procedures specify that results of the required (flight instructor or check airman) training must be entered in the individual's training records maintained by the certificate holder?


REFERENCES: 121.411(d), 121.412(d)

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  ((FAR PART = "121") AND (OPSPEC = "A031")) OR ((FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ((TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER BOTH 135 AND 121 N&O") OR (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY"))) ,  Rev.  3  2/27/2018 1:10:09 PM, 

QID:
 00001893, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
10   
Before permitting another certificate holder certificated under 14 CFR Part 119 and/or a training center certificated under Part 142 to conduct training testing, and/or checking, do the procedures specify that:

      #1 The operator contracting to receive the training has been issued OpSpec A031; and
      #2 The 14 CFR Part 119 Operator and/or Part 142 training center is listed in Table 1 of A031?

REFERENCES: 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 18 Sec 3, A031, 135.324

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  5  6/22/2021 2:23:05 PM, 

QID:
 00001907, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
11   
Do the procedures specify that the certificate holder requires that the 14 CFR Part 142 Training Center:

      #1 Holds applicable training specifications issued under 14 CFR Part 142;
      #2 Have facilities, training equipment, and courseware meeting the applicable requirements of 14 CFR Part 142;
      #3 Have approved curricula, curriculum segments, and portions of curriculum segments applicable for use in training courses required by 14 CFR Part 135; and
      #4 Have sufficient instructor and check airmen qualified under the applicable requirements of 135.337 through 135.340 to provide training, testing, and checking for the certificate holder's employees?

REFERENCES: 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 54 Sec 5, 135.324(b), 135.337, 135.338, 135.339, 135.340

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  5  6/22/2021 2:23:05 PM, 

QID:
 00001910, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
12   
Do the procedures specify that the certificate holder must ensure that:

      #1 All arrangements made with each training organization listed in OpSpec A031 are performed according to the Operator's approved training program(s) and the CFR; and
      #2 Each of the training organizations listed in OpSpec A031 has competent personnel and an organizational structure to support the requested training and/or evaluations specified in the Operator's approved training program?

REFERENCES: A031

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A031" ) ,  Rev.  3  6/22/2021 2:23:06 PM, 

QID:
 00001915, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
13   
Do the procedures specify the Operator must ensure that all instruction and evaluations conducted by each training organization listed in OpSpec A031 are performed in accordance with the Operator's FAR operating rules and as approved by the Operator's Principal Operations Inspector?


REFERENCES: A031

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A031" ) ,  Rev.  1  5/14/2014 10:51:14 AM, 

QID:
 00001918, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes/No
  Not Applicable
14   
Do the procedures specify that the certificate holder must:

      #1 Have a program or method outlined in its training program that enables it to detect, identify, and implement timely corrective action for all deficiencies detected in the training provided by each training organization listed in OpSpec A031;
      #2 Ensure that each person engaged in the instruction and evaluation of its personnel who are employed by each training organization listed in OpSpec A031 is trained, qualified, and authorized to conduct the appropriate training, testing, and checking according to the Operator's rules and the training program approved by his or her Principal Operations Inspector;
      #3 Ensure that each OpSpec A031 training organization complies with the Operator's approved training program, the requirements of the OpSpec, and all CFRs;
      #4 Ensure that its aircraft configuration(s) and the procedures approved by the Principal Operations Inspector are effectively supported by the training organization's equipment, instruction, and evaluations;
      #5 Ensure differences between its equipment and the training organization's equipment are addressed by conducting appropriate differences training; and
      #6 Conduct a standardization review of each training organization listed in OpSpec A031 and provide the results of that review to their Principal Operations Inspector prior to beginning contract training or checking operations?

REFERENCES: A031

NOTE: This OpSpec may be issued upon receipt by the Operator's Principle Operator Inspector of a satisfactory standardization review.

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A031" ) ,  Rev.  3  6/22/2021 2:23:06 PM, 

QID:
 00001919, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
15   
Do the procedures specify the certificate holder must conduct initial and recurring audits of each training agreement and organization?


REFERENCES: 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 18 Sec 3, A031, 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 54 Sec 5

NOTE: The requirement for certificate holder audits are identified in OpSpec A031.

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" ) AND ( OPSPEC = "A031" ) ,  Rev.  3  6/22/2021 2:23:07 PM, 

QID:
 00001926, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
16   
Do the procedures specify that the certificate holder must permit and facilitate access to its aircraft and cockpits by employees of the training organization(s) listed in OpSpec A031 for the purpose of maintaining their line-performance and line-observation currency as contract instructors and/or contract check pilots?


REFERENCES: A031, 135.324

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  3  6/22/2021 2:23:07 PM, 

QID:
 00001929, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
17   
Do the procedures ensure that the certificate holder uses only outsourced checking or training personnel that are trained and qualified per the certificate holder's approved program?


REFERENCES: 8900.1 Vol 3 Ch 54 Sec 5, 135.338, 135.340

Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135") AND (OPSPEC = "A031") AND ( NOT (TRAINING PROGRAMS = "PILOT TRAINING UNDER 121 N&O ONLY")) ,  Rev.  3  6/22/2021 2:23:07 PM, 

QID:
 00001934, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
18   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051926, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
19   
Do procedures exist in enough detail to meet the regulatory and guidance requirements for this element to produce the intended results?


Safety Attribute: Procedures,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051940, Response Details: EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
  Not Applicable
20   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051927, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
21   
Do controls exist within this element that ensure risks are reduced to an acceptable level?


Safety Attribute: Controls,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051941, Response Details: Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
22   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051928, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
23   
Does the certificate holder have a method to evaluate the impact of changes on related processes (interfaces) for this element?


Safety Attribute: Interfaces,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:47 PM, 

QID:
 00051942, Response Details: Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
24   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


REFERENCES: AC-120-92, 8900.1 Vol 17 Ch 3 Sec 3

Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:46 PM, 

QID:
 00051932, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No
25   
Does the process design require that individuals understand their safety role and how it contributes to the safety performance of this element?


Safety Attribute: Safety Ownership,  Question Type: Output Validation,  

Scoping Attribute:
  (FAR PART = "135" OR "145" OR "141" OR "142" OR "147") AND NOT (SAFETY PROGRAMS = "SMSVP") ,  Rev.  2  3/8/2019 12:47:48 PM, 

QID:
 00051946, Response Details: Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW),  Status: Released

  Yes
  No


Response Details List  Authority ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Process oversight failure
2 Unacceptable safety risk acceptance
3 Ineffective planning of resources
4 Ineffective use of resources
5 Ineffective control of resources
6 Failure to implement safety risk processes
7 Process owner not clearly identified
8 Unqualified
9 Other
Response Details List  Controls ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failure to identify hazards or ineffective risk controls
2 Failure to develop and maintain risk controls
3 Failure to effectively mitigate risk before applying risk controls
4 Risk controls ineffective
5 Unclear risk controls
6 Failure to assess risk for a new system
7 Failure to assess risk when revising an existing system
8 Failure to assess risk when developing operational procedures
9 Failure to maintain records of outputs of risk control assessments
10 Other
Response Details List  EP & ED DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Unclear procedure(s)
2 Conflicting procedure(s)
3 Used workaround(s)
4 Skipped process step(s)
5 Personnel failed to follow process (procedures, guidance, etc)
6 Procedures/guidance not available
7 Procedures/guidance not current
8 Inconsistent procedure(s)
9 Undocumented procedure(s)
10 Minor typographical error(s) (i.e. record entries)
11 Information missing
12 Communication failure(s)
13 Personnel failed to perform task
14 Process failed to meet desired outcome
15 Process oversight failure
16 Equipment/tools not available
17 Equipment/tools not adequate
18 Equipment/tools not calibrated
19 Facilities not adequate
20 Other
Response Details List  Interfaces ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Internal communication failure(s)
2 External communication failure(s)
3 Lack of interfaces
4 Inconsistent interfaces
5 Poor coordination between departments and employees
6 Failure of interfaces between processes or procedures
7 Other
Response Details List  Process Measurement ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Inadequate monitoring of operations processes
2 Ineffective evaluations of processes or systems
3 Undocumented or insufficient investigations
4 Failure to conduct audits
5 Ineffective audits
6 Failure to detect changes in the operational environment
7 Personnel failed to perform/follow process (procedures, guidance, etc.)
8 Process failed to meet desired outcome
9 Process oversight failure
10 Other
Response Details List  Responsibility ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 1.0)
1 Failed to provide financial resources
2 Failed to provide sufficient human resources
3 Individual not clearly identified
4 Failure to ensure safety of process
5 Failure to oversee operations conducted under the certificate
6 Failed to ensure quality performance of process
7 Process oversight failure
8 Communication failure(s)
9 Other
Response Details List  N/A Response Detail (Released, 2.0)
1 Not applicable or authorized for the certificate holder or applicant
2 Other
Response Details List  Safety Ownership ED/EP/SP DCTs (Both OP and AW) (Released, 3.0)
1 Unaware of or ineffective safety policies or processes
2 Unaware of or ineffective safety related reporting tools
3 Unclear safety policy
4 Ineffective safety related training
5 Lack of safety culture
6 Unclear safety objectives
7 Other